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George Rutherford, III, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentEpidemiology & Biostatistics
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-5781
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    Other Positions
    TitleDirector, Institute for Global Health


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Stanford UniversityA.B.1974Classics
    Stanford UniversityB.S.1975Chemistry
    Stanford UnviersityA.M.1975History
    Duke UniversityM.D.1978Medicine
    University of California, San DiegoPGY-1, PGY-21980Pediatrics
    University of Toronto - Hospital for Sick ChildrenPGY-31981Paediatrics
    University of California, San DiegoPGY-41982Pediatrics
    Centers for Disease Control and PreventionEpidemic Intelligence Service Officer1984

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My research interests are the epidemiology and prevention of infectious and tropical diseases of public health importance, both internationally and domestically, with a primary focus on HIV and AIDS. My work is funded primarily by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through the Presidential Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief. I also have smaller projects dealing with the epidemiology of tuberculosis in California, the prevention of childhood injury, immunizations and bioterrorism. I am a member of the AIDS Research Institute's Executive Committee.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    GH15-1615, NAMIBIA, UCSF-GSI Technical Assistance in Strategic Information and Health Systems Strengthening under NAMPHACTS
    CDC/CGH U2GGH001410Apr 1, 2015 - Mar 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Enhancing Strategic Information Capacity for HIV/AIDS Programs in Kenya through Surveillance and Epidemiology, Monitoring and Evaluation under the U.S. PEPFAR (Program Area A and Program Area B)
    CDC/CGH U2GGH001520Apr 1, 2015 - Mar 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    GH13-1328, HQ, Technical Assistance to Countries Supported by the PEPFAR and Global
    CDC/CGH U2GGH000977Sep 30, 2013 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RWANDA TRIANGULATION PROJECT
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS002742Sep 30, 2010 - Sep 29, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PS09-990: CDC KENYA - MONITORING AND EVALUATION (M&E)
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS001814Sep 30, 2009 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PROVISION OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO STRENGTHEN HIV STRATEGIC INFORMATION ACTIVIT
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS001945Sep 1, 2009 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    PS09-904:GHANA UCSF TECH. ASSISTANCE TO SUPP. PRESIDENTS EMERGENCY PLAN FOR AIDS
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS001469Apr 1, 2009 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PS09-904 ATLANTA HQ UCSF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO SUPPORT PEPFAR
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS001468Apr 1, 2009 - Mar 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PS09-904:TANZANIA UCSF TECH. ASSISTANCE TO SUPP. PRESIDENTS EMERG. PLAN FOR AIDS
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS001472Apr 1, 2009 - Mar 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UNIV. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROJECTS IN SUPPORT OF THE GLOBAL AIDS PROGRAM
    CDC/NCHHSTP U62PS922423Sep 30, 2002 - Mar 31, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    International Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (ITAPS)
    NIH/NIMH R25MH064712Jan 8, 2002 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    ICOHRTA Brazilian Scientists Program
    NIH/FIC D43TW005799Sep 26, 2001 - Apr 30, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Center for AIDS Prevention Studies
    NIH/NIMH P30MH062246Sep 24, 2001 - Aug 31, 2021
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Featured Videos
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Mbuagbaw L, Mursleen S, Irlam JH, Spaulding AB, Rutherford GW, Siegfried N. Efavirenz or nevirapine in three-drug combination therapy with two nucleoside or nucleotide-reverse transcriptase inhibitors for initial treatment of HIV infection in antiretroviral-naïve individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Dec 10; 12:CD004246. PMID: 27943261.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Rutherford GW, Anglemyer A. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy prevents HIV transmission to seronegative sexual partners. Evid Based Med. 2016 Nov 16. PMID: 27852628.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Richardson ET, Kelly JD, Barrie MB, Mesman AW, Karku S, Quiwa K, Marsh RH, Koedoyoma S, Daboh F, Barron KP, Grady M, Tucker E, Dierberg KL, Rutherford G, Barry M, Jones JH, Murray MB, Farmer PE. Minimally Symptomatic Infection in an Ebola 'Hotspot': A Cross-Sectional Serosurvey. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2016 Nov; 10(11):e0005087. PMID: 27846221.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Rutherford GW, Horvath H. Dolutegravir Plus Two Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors versus Efavirenz Plus Two Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors As Initial Antiretroviral Therapy for People with HIV: A Systematic Review. PLoS One. 2016; 11(10):e0162775. PMID: 27736859.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Razani N, Kohn MA, Wells NM, Thompson D, Hamilton Flores H, Rutherford GW. Design and evaluation of a park prescription program for stress reduction and health promotion in low-income families: The Stay Healthy in Nature Everyday (SHINE) study protocol. Contemp Clin Trials. 2016 Nov; 51:8-14. PMID: 27693759.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Pollett S, Boscardin WJ, Azziz-Baumgartner E, Tinoco YO, Soto G, Romero C, Kok J, Biggerstaff M, Viboud C, Rutherford GW. Evaluating Google Flu Trends in Latin America: Important Lessons for the Next Phase of Digital Disease Detection. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Jan 01; 64(1):34-41. PMID: 27678084.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Pollett S, Baxi SM, Rutherford G, Doernberg SB, Bacchetti P, Chambers HF, et al. Cefazolin versus nafcillin for methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection: an observational study in a California tertiary medical center. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016 May 23. PMID: 27216053.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Cherutich P, Kim AA, Kellogg TA, Sherr K, Waruru A, De Cock KM, Rutherford GW. Detectable HIV Viral Load in Kenya: Data from a Population-Based Survey. PLoS One. 2016; 11(5):e0154318. PMID: 27192052.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Sirengo M, Rutherford GW, Otieno-Nyunya B, Kellogg TA, Kimanga D, Muraguri N, Umuro M, Mirjahangir J, Stein E, Ndisha M, Kim AA. Evaluation of Kenya's readiness to transition from sentinel surveillance to routine HIV testing for antenatal clinic-based HIV surveillance. BMC Infect Dis. 2016; 16(1):113. PMID: 26945861.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Norton ME, Baer RJ, Santos N, Rutherford G. Gestational dating by metabolic profile at birth: a California cohort study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Apr; 214(4):511.e1-511.e13. PMID: 26688490.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Rutherford GW, Anglemyer A. Initiating antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients with >500 CD4 cells/µL provides more benefit than delaying treatment. Evid Based Med. 2016 Feb; 21(1):26. PMID: 26660663.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Zafer M, Horvath H, Mmeje O, van der Poel S, Semprini AE, Rutherford G, Brown J. Effectiveness of semen washing to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission and assist pregnancy in HIV-discordant couples: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Fertil Steril. 2016 Mar; 105(3):645-655.e2. PMID: 26688556.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Pollett S, Leguia M, Nelson MI, Maljkovic Berry I, Rutherford G, Bausch DG, Kasper M, Jarman R, Melendrez M. Feasibility and effectiveness of a brief, intensive phylogenetics workshop in a middle-income country. Int J Infect Dis. 2016 Jan; 42:24-7. PMID: 26571303.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Pollett S, Wood N, Boscardin WJ, Bengtsson H, Schwarcz S, Harriman K, Winter K, Rutherford G. Validating the Use of Google Trends to Enhance Pertussis Surveillance in California. PLoS Curr. 2015; 7. PMID: 26543674; PMCID: PMC4626035.
    15. Cakalo JI, Božicevic I, Vitek C, Mandel JS, Salyuk T, Rutherford GW. Misclassification of men with reported HIV infection in Ukraine. AIDS Behav. 2015 Oct; 19(10):1938-40. PMID: 26070886.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Saldanha IJ, Li T, Yang C, Ugarte-Gil C, Rutherford GW, Dickersin K. Social network analysis identified central outcomes for core outcome sets using systematic reviews of HIV/AIDS. J Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Feb; 70:164-75. PMID: 26408357.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Mudany MA, Sirengo M, Rutherford GW, Mwangi M, Nganga LW, Gichangi A. Enhancing Maternal and Child Health using a Combined Mother & Child Health Booklet in Kenya. J Trop Pediatr. 2015 Dec; 61(6):442-7. PMID: 26342124.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Schwarcz SK, Rutherford GW, Horvath H. Training for Better Management: Avante Zambézia, PEPFAR and Improving the Quality of Administrative Services Comment on "Implementation of a Health Management Mentoring Program: Year-1 Evaluation of Its Impact on Health System Strengthening in Zambézia Province, Mozambique". Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015; 4(11):773-5. PMID: 26673340.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Malekinejad M, Mohraz M, Razani N, Akbari G, McFarland W, Khairandish P, Malekafzali H, Gouya MM, Zarghami A, Rutherford GW. High HIV prevalence in a respondent-driven sampling survey of injection drug users in Tehran, Iran. AIDS Behav. 2015 Mar; 19(3):440-9. PMID: 25280446.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Thompson GR, Stevens DA, Clemons KV, Fierer J, Johnson RH, Sykes J, Rutherford G, Peterson M, Taylor JW, Chaturvedi V. Call for a California coccidioidomycosis consortium to face the top ten challenges posed by a recalcitrant regional disease. Mycopathologia. 2015 Feb; 179(1-2):1-9. PMID: 25318989.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Vitek CR, Cakalo JI, Kruglov YV, Dumchev KV, Salyuk TO, Božicevic I, Baughman AL, Spindler HH, Martsynovska VA, Kobyshcha YV, Abdul-Quader AS, Rutherford GW. Slowing of the HIV epidemic in Ukraine: evidence from case reporting and key population surveys, 2005-2012. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e103657. PMID: 25251080; PMCID: PMC4174506.
    22. Lindan CP, Anglemyer A, Hladik W, Barker J, Lubwama G, Rutherford G, Ssenkusu J, Opio A, Campbell J. High-risk motorcycle taxi drivers in the HIV/AIDS era: a respondent-driven sampling survey in Kampala, Uganda. Int J STD AIDS. 2015 Apr; 26(5):336-45. PMID: 24970473.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Rahnama R, Mohraz M, Mirzazadeh A, Rutherford G, McFarland W, Akbari G, Malekinejad M. Access to harm reduction programs among persons who inject drugs: findings from a respondent-driven sampling survey in Tehran, Iran. Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Jul; 25(4):717-23. PMID: 24974367; PMCID: PMC4231781.
    24. Ng'eno B, Mwangi A, Ng'ang'a L, Kim AA, Waruru A, Mukui I, Ngugi EW, Rutherford GW. Burden of HIV infection among children aged 18 months to 14 years in Kenya: results from a nationally representative population-based cross-sectional survey. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66 Suppl 1:S82-8. PMID: 24732823.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Galbraith JS, Ochieng A, Mwalili S, Emusu D, Mwandi Z, Kim AA, Rutherford G, Maina WK, Kimanga DO, Chesang K, Cherutich P. Status of voluntary medical male circumcision in Kenya: findings from 2 nationally representative surveys in Kenya, 2007 and 2012. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66 Suppl 1:S37-45. PMID: 24732820.
      View in: PubMed
    26. De Cock KM, Rutherford GW, Akhwale W. Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66 Suppl 1:S1-2. PMID: 24732813.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Sirengo M, Muthoni L, Kellogg TA, Kim AA, Katana A, Mwanyumba S, Kimanga DO, Maina WK, Muraguri N, Elly B, Rutherford GW. Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Kenya: results from a nationally representative study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66 Suppl 1:S66-74. PMID: 24732822.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Ngugi EW, Kim AA, Nyoka R, Ng'ang'a L, Mukui I, Ng'eno B, Rutherford GW. Contraceptive practices and fertility desires among HIV-infected and uninfected women in Kenya: results from a nationally representative study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66 Suppl 1:S75-81. PMID: 24413040.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Maina WK, Kim AA, Rutherford GW, Harper M, K'Oyugi BO, Sharif S, Kichamu G, Muraguri NM, Akhwale W, De Cock KM. Kenya AIDS Indicator Surveys 2007 and 2012: implications for public health policies for HIV prevention and treatment. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66 Suppl 1:S130-7. PMID: 24732817.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Anglemyer A, Rutherford GW, Easterbrook PJ, Horvath T, Vitória M, Jan M, Doherty MC. Early initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: a systematic review. AIDS. 2014 Mar; 28 Suppl 2:S105-18. PMID: 24849469.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Suthar AB, Rutherford GW, Horvath T, Doherty MC, Negussie EK. Improving antiretroviral therapy scale-up and effectiveness through service integration and decentralization. AIDS. 2014 Mar; 28 Suppl 2:S175-85. PMID: 24849478.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Rutherford GW, Anglemyer A, Easterbrook PJ, Horvath T, Vitoria M, Penazzato M, Doherty MC. Predicting treatment failure in adults and children on antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review of the performance characteristics of the 2010 WHO immunologic and clinical criteria for virologic failure. AIDS. 2014 Mar; 28 Suppl 2:S161-9. PMID: 24849476.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Anglemyer A, Agrawal AK, Rutherford GW. Treatment of Kaposi sarcoma in children with HIV-1 infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014; 1:CD009826. PMID: 24464843.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Barte H, Horvath TH, Rutherford GW. Yellow fever vaccine for patients with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014; 1:CD010929. PMID: 24453061.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Anglemyer A, Horvath T, Rutherford G. The accessibility of firearms and risk for suicide and homicide victimization among household members: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Jan 21; 160(2):101-10. PMID: 24592495.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Spindler H, Salyuk T, Vitek C, Rutherford G. Underreporting of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men in the Ukraine. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2014 May; 30(5):407-8. PMID: 24295084; PMCID: PMC4516913.
    37. Mwendo EM, Mtuy TB, Renju J, Rutherford GW, Nondi J, Sichalwe AW, Todd J. Effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programmes in Kilimanjaro region, northern Tanzania. Trop Med Int Health. 2014 Mar; 19(3):267-74. PMID: 24386998.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Rutherford GW, Anglemyer A, Bagenda D, Muyonga M, Lindan CP, Barker JL, Johnston L, Hladik W. University students and the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in Uganda: the Crane survey. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2014; 26(2):209-15. PMID: 24762640.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Anglemyer A, Horvath T, Rutherford G. Antiretroviral therapy for prevention of HIV transmission in HIV-discordant couples. JAMA. 2013 Oct 16; 310(15):1619-20. PMID: 24129466.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Mudany MA, Nduati R, Mboori-Ngacha D, Rutherford GW. Perceptions of child discipline and its contributions to child abuse in a low-income community in Nairobi, Kenya. Paediatr Int Child Health. 2013 Nov; 33(4):228-32. PMID: 24090542.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Viškovic K, Rutherford GW, Sudario G, Stemberger L, Brnic Z, Begovac J. Ultrasound measurements of carotid intima-media thickness and plaque in HIV-infected patients on the Mediterranean diet. Croat Med J. 2013 Aug; 54(4):330-8. PMID: 23986273; PMCID: PMC3763244.
    42. Perovic Mihanovic M, Haque NS, Rutherford GW, Zekan Š, Begovac J. Toxicity-related antiretroviral drug treatment modifications in individuals starting therapy: a cohort analysis of time patterns, sex, and other risk factors. Med Sci Monit. 2013; 19:483-92. PMID: 23787803; PMCID: PMC3692382.
    43. de Lemos LM, Lippi J, Rutherford GW, Duarte GS, Martins NG, Santos VS, Gurgel RQ. Maternal risk factors for HIV infection in infants in northeastern Brazil. Int J Infect Dis. 2013 Oct; 17(10):e913-8. PMID: 23791426.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Anglemyer A, Rutherford GW, Horvath T, Baggaley RC, Egger M, Siegfried N. Antiretroviral therapy for prevention of HIV transmission in HIV-discordant couples. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013; 4:CD009153. PMID: 23633367; PMCID: PMC4026368.
    45. Kerr LR, Mota RS, Kendall C, Pinho Ade A, Mello MB, Guimarães MD, Dourado I, de Brito AM, Benzaken A, McFarland W, Rutherford G. HIV among MSM in a large middle-income country. AIDS. 2013 Jan 28; 27(3):427-35. PMID: 23291540.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Cardeal da Silva D, Casseb J, Mirzazadeh A, Arruda LB, Rutherford GW. Is the rate of CD4 cell decline changing over time in antiretroviral-naïve patients? AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2013 Feb; 27(2):69-70. PMID: 23298278; PMCID: PMC3565547.
    47. Travassos AG, Brites C, Netto EM, Fernandes Sde A, Rutherford GW, Queiroz CM. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among HIV-infected women in Brazil. Braz J Infect Dis. 2012 Nov-Dec; 16(6):581-5. PMID: 23168304.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Morin SF, Yamey G, Rutherford GW. HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. BMJ. 2012; 345:e5412. PMID: 22890030.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Vahidnia F, Petersen M, Stapleton JT, Rutherford GW, Busch M, Custer B. Acquisition of GB virus type C and lower mortality in patients with advanced HIV disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Oct; 55(7):1012-9. PMID: 22752515; PMCID: PMC3657520.
    50. Horvath T, Azman H, Kennedy GE, Rutherford GW. Mobile phone text messaging for promoting adherence to antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012; 3:CD009756. PMID: 22419345.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Bain-Brickley D, Butler LM, Kennedy GE, Rutherford GW. Interventions to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in children with HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; (12):CD009513. PMID: 22161452.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Rutherford GW. Antiretroviral therapy and the prevention of sexually transmitted HIV infection. BMJ. 2011; 343:d7796. PMID: 22138697.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Anglemyer A, Rutherford GW, Baggaley RC, Egger M, Siegfried N. Antiretroviral therapy for prevention of HIV transmission in HIV-discordant couples. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; (8):CD009153. PMID: 21833973.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Bermúdez-Aza EH, Kerr LR, Kendall C, Pinho AA, de Mello MB, Mota RS, Guimarães MD, Alencar CS, de Brito AM, Dourado IC, da Batista SM, Abreu F, de Oliveira LC, de Souza Moraes A, Benzaken AS, Merchan-Hamann E, de Freitas GM, McFarland W, Albuquerque E, Rutherford GW, Sabino E. Antiretroviral drug resistance in a respondent-driven sample of HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Brazil. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Aug; 57 Suppl 3:S186-92. PMID: 21857316.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Salani Mota RM, Sansigolo Kerr LR, Kendall C, Pinho A, de Mello MB, Dourado I, Guimarães MD, Brito A, Batista S, Abreu F, Benzaken A, Oliveira L, Moraes A, Merchan-Hamann E, Freitas G, Albuquerque EM, McFarland W, Rutherford G. Reliability of self-report of HIV status among men who have sex with men in Brazil. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Aug; 57 Suppl 3:S153-6. PMID: 21857311.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Anglemyer A, Rutherford GW, Egger M, Siegfried N. Antiretroviral therapy for prevention of HIV transmission in HIV-discordant couples. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; (5):CD009153. PMID: 21563172.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Hector RF, Rutherford GW, Tsang CA, Erhart LM, McCotter O, Anderson SM, Komatsu K, Tabnak F, Vugia DJ, Yang Y, Galgiani JN. The public health impact of coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Apr; 8(4):1150-73. PMID: 21695034; PMCID: PMC3118883.
    58. Ng BE, Butler LM, Horvath T, Rutherford GW. Population-based biomedical sexually transmitted infection control interventions for reducing HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011; (3):CD001220. PMID: 21412869.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Butler LM, Were WA, Balinandi S, Downing R, Dollard S, Neilands TB, Gupta S, Rutherford GW, Mermin J. Human herpesvirus 8 infection in children and adults in a population-based study in rural Uganda. J Infect Dis. 2011 Mar 1; 203(5):625-34. PMID: 21273188; PMCID: PMC3071279.
    60. Gupta R, Dandu M, Packel L, Rutherford G, Leiter K, Phaladze N, Korte FP, Iacopino V, Weiser SD. Depression and HIV in Botswana: a population-based study on gender-specific socioeconomic and behavioral correlates. PLoS One. 2010; 5(12):e14252. PMID: 21170384; PMCID: PMC2999532.
    61. Mbuagbaw LC, Irlam JH, Spaulding A, Rutherford GW, Siegfried N. Efavirenz or nevirapine in three-drug combination therapy with two nucleoside-reverse transcriptase inhibitors for initial treatment of HIV infection in antiretroviral-naïve individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010; (12):CD004246. PMID: 21154355.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Spaulding A, Rutherford GW, Siegfried N. Tenofovir or zidovudine in three-drug combination therapy with one nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor and one non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor for initial treatment of HIV infection in antiretroviral-naïve individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010; (10):CD008740. PMID: 20927777.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Spaulding A, Rutherford GW, Siegfried N. Stavudine or zidovudine in three-drug combination therapy for initial treatment of HIV infection in antiretroviral-naïve individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010; (8):CD008651. PMID: 20687097.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Rutherford GW, McFarland W, Spindler H, White K, Patel SV, Aberle-Grasse J, Sabin K, Smith N, Taché S, Calleja-Garcia JM, Stoneburner RL. Public health triangulation: approach and application to synthesizing data to understand national and local HIV epidemics. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10:447. PMID: 20670448; PMCID: PMC2920890.
    65. Humphreys EH, Smith NA, Azman H, McLeod D, Rutherford GW. Prevention of diarrhoea in children with HIV infection or exposure to maternal HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010; (6):CD008563. PMID: 20556793.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Siegfried N, Uthman OA, Rutherford GW. Optimal time for initiation of antiretroviral therapy in asymptomatic, HIV-infected, treatment-naive adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010; (3):CD008272. PMID: 20238364.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Chang LW, Kennedy CE, Kennedy GE, Lindegren ML, Marston BJ, Kaplan JE, Sweat MD, Bunnell RE, O'Reilly K, Rutherford GW, Mermin JH. Developing WHO guidelines with pragmatic, structured, evidence-based processes: A case study. Glob Public Health. 2010; 5(4):395-412. PMID: 20155547.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Rutherford GW, Wlodarczyk RC. Distant sequelae of traumatic brain injury: premature mortality and intracranial neoplasms. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):468-74. PMID: 19940680.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Rutherford GW, Corrigan JD. Long-term consequences of traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2009 Nov-Dec; 24(6):421-3. PMID: 19940674.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Stanley CM, Rutherford GW, Morshed S, Coughlin RR, Beyeza T. Estimating the healthcare burden of osteomyelitis in Uganda. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Feb; 104(2):139-42. PMID: 19709706.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Raymond HF, Kajubi P, Kamya MR, Rutherford GW, Mandel JS, McFarland W. Correlates of unprotected receptive anal intercourse among gay and bisexual men: Kampala, Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2009 Aug; 13(4):677-81. PMID: 19495955; PMCID: PMC2829255.
    72. Turcinov D, Stanley C, Canchola JA, Rutherford GW, Novotny TE, Begovac J. Dyslipidemia and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Croatian HIV-infected patients during the first year of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Coll Antropol. 2009 Jun; 33(2):423-30. PMID: 19662759; PMCID: PMC2844082.
    73. Arnold M, Hsu L, Pipkin S, McFarland W, Rutherford GW. Race, place and AIDS: the role of socioeconomic context on racial disparities in treatment and survival in San Francisco. Soc Sci Med. 2009 Jul; 69(1):121-8. PMID: 19443092; PMCID: PMC2764314.
    74. Turcinov D, Stanley C, Rutherford GW, Novotny TE, Begovac J. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is associated with a lower risk of body-shape changes in Croatian patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy. Eur J Epidemiol. 2009; 24(5):267-74. PMID: 19322667; PMCID: PMC2845392.
    75. Chak E, Rutherford GW, Steinmaus C. The role of breast-feeding in the prevention of Helicobacter pylori infection: a systematic review. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Feb 15; 48(4):430-7. PMID: 19133802.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Viskovic K, Richman I, Klasnic K, Hernandez A, Krolo I, Rutherford GW, Romih V, Begovac J. Assessment of ultrasound for use in detecting lipoatrophy in HIV-infected patients taking combination antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2009 Feb; 23(2):79-84. PMID: 19133752; PMCID: PMC2856566.
    77. Horvath T, Madi BC, Iuppa IM, Kennedy GE, Rutherford G, Read JS. Interventions for preventing late postnatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009; (1):CD006734. PMID: 19160297.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Rutherford GW. Condoms in concentrated and generalised HIV epidemics. Lancet. 2008 Jul 26; 372(9635):275-6. PMID: 18657695.
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    79. Darbes L, Crepaz N, Lyles C, Kennedy G, Rutherford G. The efficacy of behavioral interventions in reducing HIV risk behaviors and incident sexually transmitted diseases in heterosexual African Americans. AIDS. 2008 Jun 19; 22(10):1177-94. PMID: 18525264; PMCID: PMC3749047.
    80. Malekinejad M, Johnston LG, Kendall C, Kerr LR, Rifkin MR, Rutherford GW. Using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance in international settings: a systematic review. AIDS Behav. 2008 Jul; 12(4 Suppl):S105-30. PMID: 18561018.
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    81. Johnston LG, Malekinejad M, Kendall C, Iuppa IM, Rutherford GW. Implementation challenges to using respondent-driven sampling methodology for HIV biological and behavioral surveillance: field experiences in international settings. AIDS Behav. 2008 Jul; 12(4 Suppl):S131-41. PMID: 18535901.
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    82. Macfarlane SB, Agabian N, Novotny TE, Rutherford GW, Stewart CC, Debas HT. Think globally, act locally, and collaborate internationally: global health sciences at the University of California, San Francisco. Acad Med. 2008 Feb; 83(2):173-9. PMID: 18303363.
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    83. Peres CA, Rutherford G, Borges G, Galano E, Hudes ES, Hearst N. Family structure and adolescent sexual behavior in a poor area of São Paulo, Brazil. J Adolesc Health. 2008 Feb; 42(2):177-83. PMID: 18207096.
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    84. Hajiabdolbaghi M, Razani N, Karami N, Kheirandish P, Mohraz M, Rasoolinejad M, Arefnia K, Kourorian Z, Rutherford G, McFarland W. Insights from a survey of sexual behavior among a group of at-risk women in Tehran, Iran, 2006. AIDS Educ Prev. 2007 Dec; 19(6):519-30. PMID: 18190276.
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    85. Malamba S, Hladik W, Reingold A, Banage F, McFarland W, Rutherford G, Mimbe D, Nzaro E, Downing R, Mermin J. The effect of HIV on morbidity and mortality in children with severe malarial anaemia. Malar J. 2007; 6:143. PMID: 17973997; PMCID: PMC2170443.
    86. Kajubi P, Kamya MR, Raymond HF, Chen S, Rutherford GW, Mandel JS, McFarland W. Gay and bisexual men in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2008 May; 12(3):492-504. PMID: 17968647.
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    87. Humphreys EH, Hernandez LB, Rutherford GW. Antiretroviral regimens for patients with HIV who fail first-line antiretroviral therapy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; (4):CD006517. PMID: 17943914.
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    88. Thach BT, Rutherford GW, Harris K. Deaths and injuries attributed to infant crib bumper pads. J Pediatr. 2007 Sep; 151(3):271-4, 274.e1-3. PMID: 17719936.
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    89. Razani N, Mohraz M, Kheirandish P, Malekinejad M, Malekafzali H, Mokri A, McFarland W, Rutherford G. HIV risk behavior among injection drug users in Tehran, Iran. Addiction. 2007 Sep; 102(9):1472-82. PMID: 17645427.
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    90. Flaherman VJ, Hector R, Rutherford GW. Estimating severe coccidioidomycosis in California. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jul; 13(7):1087-90. PMID: 18214188; PMCID: PMC2878228.
    91. Moore D, Liechty C, Ekwaru P, Were W, Mwima G, Solberg P, Rutherford G, Mermin J. Prevalence, incidence and mortality associated with tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in rural Uganda. AIDS. 2007 Mar 30; 21(6):713-9. PMID: 17413692.
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    92. Hector R, Rutherford GW. The public health need and present status of a vaccine for the prevention of coccidioidomycosis. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Sep; 1111:259-68. PMID: 17344529.
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    93. Young TN, Arens FJ, Kennedy GE, Laurie JW, Rutherford Gw. Antiretroviral post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for occupational HIV exposure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; (1):CD002835. PMID: 17253483.
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    94. Bokazhanova A, Rutherford GW. The epidemiology of HIV and AIDS in the world. Coll Antropol. 2006 Dec; 30 Suppl 2:3-10. PMID: 17508467.
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    95. Mandel JS, Rutherford GW. AIDS prevention research in low and middle-income countries: increasing the dissemination of study results in the scientific literature. AIDS Behav. 2006 Jul; 10(4 Suppl):S1-4. PMID: 16845604.
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    96. Buffler PA, Kelsh MA, Lau EC, Edinboro CH, Barnard JC, Rutherford GW, Daaboul JJ, Palmer L, Lorey FW. Thyroid function and perchlorate in drinking water: an evaluation among California newborns, 1998. Environ Health Perspect. 2006 May; 114(5):798-804. PMID: 16675440; PMCID: PMC1459939.
    97. Siegfried NL, Van Deventer PJ, Mahomed FA, Rutherford GW. Stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine combination therapy for treatment of HIV infection and AIDS in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006; (2):CD004535. PMID: 16625606.
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    98. Setia MS, Steinmaus C, Ho CS, Rutherford GW. The role of BCG in prevention of leprosy: a meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2006 Mar; 6(3):162-70. PMID: 16500597.
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    99. Ampel NM, Hector RF, Lindan CP, Rutherford GW. An archived lot of coccidioidin induces specific coccidioidal delayed-type hypersensitivity and correlates with in vitro assays of coccidioidal cellular immune response. Mycopathologia. 2006 Feb; 161(2):67-72. PMID: 16463089.
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    100. Flaherman V, Rutherford GW. A meta-analysis of the effect of high weight on asthma. Arch Dis Child. 2006 Apr; 91(4):334-9. PMID: 16428358; PMCID: PMC2065974.
    101. Bunnell R, Ekwaru JP, Solberg P, Wamai N, Bikaako-Kajura W, Were W, Coutinho A, Liechty C, Madraa E, Rutherford G, Mermin J. Changes in sexual behavior and risk of HIV transmission after antiretroviral therapy and prevention interventions in rural Uganda. AIDS. 2006 Jan 2; 20(1):85-92. PMID: 16327323.
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    102. Chang LW, Phipps WT, Kennedy GE, Rutherford GW. Antifungal interventions for the primary prevention of cryptococcal disease in adults with HIV. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005; (3):CD004773. PMID: 16034947.
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    103. Charlebois ED, Maiorana A, McLaughlin M, Koester K, Gaffney S, Rutherford GW, Morin SF. Potential deterrent effect of name-based HIV infection surveillance. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Jun 1; 39(2):219-27. PMID: 15905740.
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    104. Flori HR, Glidden DV, Rutherford GW, Matthay MA. Pediatric acute lung injury: prospective evaluation of risk factors associated with mortality. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 May 1; 171(9):995-1001. PMID: 15618461.
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    105. Louie JK, Chi NH, Thao le TT, Quang VM, Campbell J, Chau NV, Rutherford GW, Farrar JJ, Parry CM. Opportunistic infections in hospitalized HIV-infected adults in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam: a cross-sectional study. Int J STD AIDS. 2004 Nov; 15(11):758-61. PMID: 15537464.
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    106. Tester JM, Rutherford GW, Wald Z, Rutherford MW. A matched case-control study evaluating the effectiveness of speed humps in reducing child pedestrian injuries. Am J Public Health. 2004 Apr; 94(4):646-50. PMID: 15054019; PMCID: PMC1448312.
    107. Sangani P, Rutherford G, Wilkinson D. Population-based interventions for reducing sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004; (2):CD001220. PMID: 15106156.
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    108. Scheers NJ, Rutherford GW, Kemp JS. Where should infants sleep? A comparison of risk for suffocation of infants sleeping in cribs, adult beds, and other sleeping locations. Pediatrics. 2003 Oct; 112(4):883-9. PMID: 14523181.
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    109. Kelsh MA, Buffler PA, Daaboul JJ, Rutherford GW, Lau EC, Barnard JC, Exuzides AK, Madl AK, Palmer LG, Lorey FW. Primary congenital hypothyroidism, newborn thyroid function, and environmental perchlorate exposure among residents of a Southern California community. J Occup Environ Med. 2003 Oct; 45(10):1116-27. PMID: 14534454.
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    110. Aragón TJ, Ulrich S, Fernyak S, Rutherford GW. Risks of serious complications and death from smallpox vaccination: a systematic review of the United States experience, 1963-1968. BMC Public Health. 2003 Aug 11; 3:26. PMID: 12911836; PMCID: PMC194634.
    111. Choi KH, Liu H, Guo Y, Han L, Mandel JS, Rutherford GW. Emerging HIV-1 epidemic in China in men who have sex with men. Lancet. 2003 Jun 21; 361(9375):2125-6. PMID: 12826438.
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    112. Alves K, Shafer KP, Caseiro M, Rutherford G, Falcao ME, Sucupira MC, Busch MP, Rawal BD, Diaz RS. Risk factors for incident HIV infection among anonymous HIV testing site clients in Santos, Brazil: 1996-1999. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Apr 15; 32(5):551-9. PMID: 12679709.
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    113. Rutherford GW, Sangani PR, Kennedy GE. Three- or four- versus two-drug antiretroviral maintenance regimens for HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003; (4):CD002037. PMID: 14583945.
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    114. Kyle SB, Nance ML, Rutherford GW, Winston FK. Skateboard-associated injuries: participation-based estimates and injury characteristics. J Trauma. 2002 Oct; 53(4):686-90. PMID: 12394867.
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    115. Wilkinson D, Tholandi M, Ramjee G, Rutherford GW. Nonoxynol-9 spermicide for prevention of vaginally acquired HIV and other sexually transmitted infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials including more than 5000 women. Lancet Infect Dis. 2002 Oct; 2(10):613-7. PMID: 12383611.
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    116. Kennedy GE, Peersman G, Rutherford GW. International collaboration in conducting systematic reviews: the Cochrane Collaborative Review Group on HIV Infection and AIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Jul 1; 30 Suppl 1:S56-61. PMID: 12107360.
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    117. Wilkinson D, Ramjee G, Tholandi M, Rutherford G. Nonoxynol-9 for preventing vaginal acquisition of HIV infection by women from men. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002; (4):CD003936. PMID: 12519622.
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    118. Wilkinson D, Ramjee G, Tholandi M, Rutherford G. Nonoxynol-9 for preventing vaginal acquisition of sexually transmitted infections by women from men. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002; (4):CD003939. PMID: 12519623.
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    119. Urbshott GB, Kennedy G, Rutherford G. The Cochrane HIV/AIDS review group and evidence-based practice in nursing. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2001 Nov-Dec; 12(6):94-101. PMID: 11723919.
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    120. Wilkinson D, Rutherford G. Population-based interventions for reducing sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2001; (2):CD001220. PMID: 11405980.
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    121. Rutherford GW, Schwarcz SK, McFarland W. Surveillance for incident HIV infection: new technology and new opportunities. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2000 Dec 15; 25 Suppl 2:S115-9. PMID: 11256731.
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    122. Rutherford GW, Feldman KA, Kennedy GE. Three- or four- versus two-drug antiretroviral maintenance regimens for HIV infection. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; (2):CD002037. PMID: 10796850.
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    123. Rutherford GW, Gerrity TR, Kizer KW, Feussner JR. Research in the Veterans Health Administration: the report of the Research Realignment Advisory Committee. Acad Med. 1999 Jul; 74(7):773-81. PMID: 10429585.
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    124. Rutherford GW, Backer HD. Medicaid managed care and public health data. Public Health Rep. 1999 May-Jun; 114(3):225-30. PMID: 10476991; PMCID: PMC1308472.
    125. Rutherford GW. Public health, communicable diseases, and managed care: Will managed care improve or weaken communicable disease control? Am J Prev Med. 1998 Apr; 14(3 Suppl):53-9. PMID: 9566938.
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    126. Lacerda R, Gravato N, McFarland W, Rutherford G, Iskrant K, Stall R, Hearst N. Truck drivers in Brazil: prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, risk behavior and potential for spread of infection. AIDS. 1997 Sep; 11 Suppl 1:S15-9. PMID: 9376096.
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    127. Koo DT, Baron RC, Rutherford GW. Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a California State Prison, 1991. Am J Public Health. 1997 Feb; 87(2):279-82. PMID: 9103111; PMCID: PMC1380808.
    128. Shefer A, Dobbins JG, Fukuda K, Steele L, Koo D, Nisenbaum R, Rutherford GW. Fatiguing illness among employees in three large state office buildings, California, 1993: was there an outbreak? J Psychiatr Res. 1997 Jan-Feb; 31(1):31-43. PMID: 9201645.
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    129. Schieber RA, Branche-Dorsey CM, Ryan GW, Rutherford GW, Stevens JA, O'Neil J. Risk factors for injuries from in-line skating and the effectiveness of safety gear. N Engl J Med. 1996 Nov 28; 335(22):1630-5. PMID: 8929359.
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    130. Rutherford GW, Barrett MF. Epidemiology and control of coccidioidomycosis in California. West J Med. 1996 Oct; 165(4):221-2. PMID: 8987428; PMCID: PMC1303750.
    131. Eberhart-Phillips J, Besser RE, Tormey MP, Koo D, Feikin D, Araneta MR, Wells J, Kilman L, Rutherford GW, Griffin PM, Baron R, Mascola L. An outbreak of cholera from food served on an international aircraft. Epidemiol Infect. 1996 Feb; 116(1):9-13. PMID: 8626007; PMCID: PMC2271246.
    132. Koo D, Royce S, Rutherford GW. Drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in California, 1991 to 1992. West J Med. 1995 Nov; 163(5):441-5. PMID: 8533406; PMCID: PMC1303167.
    133. Ley C, Davila IH, Mayer NM, Murray RA, Rutherford GW, Reingold AL. Lyme disease in northwestern coastal California. West J Med. 1994 Jun; 160(6):534-9. PMID: 8053175; PMCID: PMC1022555.
    134. Araba-Owoyele LA, Hughes MJ, Rutherford GW. HIV infection in women. West J Med. 1994 Jun; 160(6):581-2. PMID: 8053191; PMCID: PMC1022576.
    135. Dales LG, Kizer KW, Rutherford GW, Pertowski CA, Waterman SH, Woodford G. Measles epidemic from failure to immunize. West J Med. 1993 Oct; 159(4):455-64. PMID: 8273330; PMCID: PMC1022280.
    136. Pertowski CA, Rutherford GW. Epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Semin Liver Dis. 1992 May; 12(2):108-20. PMID: 1636116.
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    137. Chequer P, Hearst N, Hudes ES, Castilho E, Rutherford G, Loures L, Rodrigues L. Determinants of survival in adult Brazilian AIDS patients, 1982-1989. The Brazilian State AIDS Program Co-Ordinators. AIDS. 1992 May; 6(5):483-7. PMID: 1616654.
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    138. Lifson AR, Hessol NA, Rutherford G. Progression and clinical outcome of infection due to human immunodeficiency virus. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Apr; 14(4):966-72. PMID: 1576297.
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    139. Schultz LV, Roberto RR, Rutherford GW, Hummert B, Lubell I. Mesocestoides (Cestoda) infection in a California child. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1992 Apr; 11(4):332-4. PMID: 1565561.
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    140. Ehnert KL, Roberto RR, Barrett L, Sorvillo FJ, Rutherford G. Cysticercosis: first 12 months of reporting in California. Bull Pan Am Health Organ. 1992; 26(2):165-72. PMID: 1638281.
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    141. Gillespie SM, Chang Y, Lemp G, Arthur R, Buchbinder S, Steimle A, Baumgartner J, Rando T, Neal D, Rutherford G. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus, San Francisco, 1981-1989. Ann Neurol. 1991 Oct; 30(4):597-604. PMID: 1665053.
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    142. Hearst N, Buehler JW, Newman TB, Rutherford G. The draft lottery and AIDS: evidence against increased intravenous drug use by Vietnam-era veterans. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Sep 1; 134(5):522-5. PMID: 1897508.
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    143. Rutherford GW, Woo JM, Neal DP, Rauch KJ, Geoghegan C, McKinney KC, McGee J, Lemp GF. Partner notification and the control of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Two years of experience in San Francisco. Sex Transm Dis. 1991 Apr-Jun; 18(2):107-10. PMID: 1862458.
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    144. Lifson AR, O'Malley PM, Hessol NA, Buchbinder SP, Cannon L, Rutherford GW. HIV seroconversion in two homosexual men after receptive oral intercourse with ejaculation: implications for counseling concerning safe sexual practices. Am J Public Health. 1990 Dec; 80(12):1509-11. PMID: 2240343; PMCID: PMC1405129.
    145. Rutherford GW, Lifson AR, Hessol NA, Darrow WW, O'Malley PM, Buchbinder SP, Barnhart JL, Bodecker TW, Cannon L, Doll LS. Course of HIV-I infection in a cohort of homosexual and bisexual men: an 11 year follow up study. BMJ. 1990 Nov 24; 301(6762):1183-8. PMID: 2261554; PMCID: PMC1664363.
    146. Redd SC, Rutherford G, Sande MA, Lifson AR, Hadley WK, Facklam RR, Spika JS. The role of human immunodeficiency virus infection in pneumococcal bacteremia in San Francisco residents. J Infect Dis. 1990 Nov; 162(5):1012-7. PMID: 2230229.
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    147. Theuer CP, Hopewell PC, Elias D, Schecter GF, Rutherford GW, Chaisson RE. Human immunodeficiency virus infection in tuberculosis patients. J Infect Dis. 1990 Jul; 162(1):8-12. PMID: 1972384.
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    148. Payne SF, Rutherford GW, Lemp GF, Clevenger AC. Effect of the revised AIDS case definition on AIDS reporting in San Francisco: evidence of increased reporting in intravenous drug users. AIDS. 1990 Apr; 4(4):335-9. PMID: 2350453.
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    149. Lemp GF, Payne SF, Rutherford GW, Hessol NA, Winkelstein W, Wiley JA, Moss AR, Chaisson RE, Chen RT, Feigal DW. Projections of AIDS morbidity and mortality in San Francisco. JAMA. 1990 Mar 16; 263(11):1497-501. PMID: 2407871.
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    150. Lifson AR, Stanley M, Pane J, O'Malley PM, Wilber JC, Stanley A, Jeffery B, Rutherford GW, Sohmer PR. Detection of human immunodeficiency virus DNA using the polymerase chain reaction in a well-characterized group of homosexual and bisexual men. J Infect Dis. 1990 Mar; 161(3):436-9. PMID: 2313124.
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    151. Lifson AR, Darrow WW, Hessol NA, O'Malley PM, Barnhart JL, Jaffe HW, Rutherford GW. Kaposi's sarcoma in a cohort of homosexual and bisexual men. Epidemiology and analysis for cofactors. Am J Epidemiol. 1990 Feb; 131(2):221-31. PMID: 2296976.
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    152. Lemp GF, Payne SF, Neal D, Temelso T, Rutherford GW. Survival trends for patients with AIDS. JAMA. 1990 Jan 19; 263(3):402-6. PMID: 2294307.
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    153. Hessol NA, Byers RH, Lifson AR, O'Malley PM, Cannon L, Barnhart JL, Harrison JS, Rutherford GW. Relationship between AIDS latency period and AIDS survival time in homosexual and bisexual men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990; 3(11):1078-85. PMID: 2213508.
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    154. Payne SF, Lemp GF, Rutherford GW. Survival following diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma for AIDS patients in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990; 3 Suppl 1:S14-7. PMID: 2395080.
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    155. Saunders LD, Rutherford GW, Lemp GF, Barnhart JL. Impact of AIDS on mortality in San Francisco, 1979-1986. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990; 3(9):921-4. PMID: 2384868.
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    156. Rutherford GW, Payne SF, Lemp GF. The epidemiology of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990; 3 Suppl 1:S4-7. PMID: 2395085.
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    157. Lifson AR, Darrow WW, Hessol NA, O'Malley PM, Barnhart L, Jaffe HW, Rutherford GW. Kaposi's sarcoma among homosexual and bisexual men enrolled in the San Francisco City Clinic Cohort Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1990; 3 Suppl 1:S32-7. PMID: 2395083.
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    158. Hollander H, Lifson AR, Maha M, Blum R, Rutherford G, Nusinoff-Lehrman S. Phase I study of low-dose zidovudine and acyclovir in asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus seropositive individuals. Am J Med. 1989 Dec; 87(6):628-32. PMID: 2574006.
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    159. Hessol NA, Lifson AR, O'Malley PM, Doll LS, Jaffe HW, Rutherford GW. Prevalence, incidence, and progression of human immunodeficiency virus infection in homosexual and bisexual men in hepatitis B vaccine trials, 1978-1988. Am J Epidemiol. 1989 Dec; 130(6):1167-75. PMID: 2531543.
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    160. Janssen RS, Saykin AJ, Cannon L, Campbell J, Pinsky PF, Hessol NA, O'Malley PM, Lifson AR, Doll LS, Rutherford GW. Neurological and neuropsychological manifestations of HIV-1 infection: association with AIDS-related complex but not asymptomatic HIV-1 infection. Ann Neurol. 1989 Nov; 26(5):592-600. PMID: 2817835.
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    161. Rutherford GW, Schwarcz SK, Lemp GF, Barnhart JL, Rauch KJ, Warner WL, Piland TH, Werdegar D. The epidemiology of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma in San Francisco. J Infect Dis. 1989 Mar; 159(3):569-72. PMID: 2915169.
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    162. Rutherford G, Werdegar D. The epidemiology of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Immunol Ser. 1989; 44:1-36. PMID: 2489108.
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    163. Stoller EJ, Rutherford GW. Evaluation of AIDS prevention and control programs. AIDS. 1989; 3 Suppl 1:S289-96. PMID: 2514750.
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    164. Hessol NA, Lifson AR, Rutherford GW. Natural history of human immunodeficiency virus infection and key predictors of HIV disease progression. AIDS Clin Rev. 1989; 69-93. PMID: 2488696.
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    165. Chen RT, Rutherford GW, Payne SF, Barnhart JL, Lemp GF, Baskett LH. Use of hospitals by patients with AIDS in San Francisco. N Engl J Med. 1988 Dec 22; 319(25):1671-2. PMID: 3200286.
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    166. Woo JM, Rutherford GW, Payne SF, Barnhart JL, Lemp GF. The epidemiology of AIDS in Asian and Pacific Islander populations in San Francisco. AIDS. 1988 Dec; 2(6):473-5. PMID: 3149494.
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    167. Lifson AR, Rutherford GW, Jaffe HW. The natural history of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1988 Dec; 158(6):1360-7. PMID: 3058820.
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    168. Lui KJ, Darrow WW, Rutherford G. A model-based estimate of the mean incubation period for AIDS in homosexual men. Science. 1988 Jun 3; 240(4857):1333-5. PMID: 3163848.
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    169. Byers RH, Morgan WM, Darrow WW, Doll L, Jaffe HW, Rutherford G, Hessol N, O'Malley PM. Estimating AIDS infection rates in the San Francisco cohort. AIDS. 1988 Jun; 2(3):207-10. PMID: 3134915.
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    170. Bacchetti P, Osmond D, Chaisson RE, Dritz S, Rutherford GW, Swig L, Moss AR. Survival patterns of the first 500 patients with AIDS in San Francisco. J Infect Dis. 1988 May; 157(5):1044-7. PMID: 3258900.
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    171. Oliva GE, Rutherford GW, Grossman M, Shalwitz J, English A, Taylor F, Werdegar D. Guidelines for the control of human immunodeficiency virus infection in adolescents. West J Med. 1988 May; 148(5):586-9. PMID: 3176470; PMCID: PMC1026194.
    172. Rutherford GW, Payne SF, Lemp GF. Impact of the revised AIDS case definition on AIDS reporting in San Francisco. JAMA. 1988 Apr 15; 259(15):2235. PMID: 3352111.
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    173. Drew WL, Mills J, Hauer LB, Miner RC, Rutherford GW. Declining prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma in homosexual AIDS patients paralleled by fall in cytomegalovirus transmission. Lancet. 1988 Jan 2-9; 1(8575-6):66. PMID: 2891935.
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    174. Celum CL, Chaisson RE, Rutherford GW, Barnhart JL, Echenberg DF. Incidence of salmonellosis in patients with AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1987 Dec; 156(6):998-1002. PMID: 3680999.
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    175. Chaisson RE, Schecter GF, Theuer CP, Rutherford GW, Echenberg DF, Hopewell PC. Tuberculosis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Clinical features, response to therapy, and survival. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1987 Sep; 136(3):570-4. PMID: 3631730.
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    176. Padian N, Marquis L, Francis DP, Anderson RE, Rutherford GW, O'Malley PM, Winkelstein W. Male-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus. JAMA. 1987 Aug 14; 258(6):788-90. PMID: 3475478.
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    177. Rutherford GW, Oliva GE, Grossman M, Green JR, Wara DW, Shaw NS, Echenberg DF, Wofsy CB, Weinstein DH, Stroud F. Guidelines for the control of perinatally transmitted human immunodeficiency virus infection and care of infected mothers, infants and children. West J Med. 1987 Jul; 147(1):104-8. PMID: 3424801; PMCID: PMC1025844.
    178. Rauch KJ, Rutherford GW, Echenberg DF. The proportion of cases of AIDS diagnosed in outpatients. JAMA. 1986 Aug 15; 256(7):863-4. PMID: 3735610.
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    179. Rogers MF, Rutherford GW, Alexander SR, DiLiberti JH, Foster L, Schonberger LB, Hurwitz ES. A population-based study of hemolytic-uremic syndrome in Oregon, 1979-1982. Am J Epidemiol. 1986 Jan; 123(1):137-42. PMID: 3940432.
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    180. Kim-Farley RJ, Rutherford G, Lichfield P, Hsu ST, Orenstein WA, Schonberger LB, Bart KJ, Lui KJ, Lin CC. Outbreak of paralytic poliomyelitis, Taiwan. Lancet. 1984 Dec 8; 2(8415):1322-4. PMID: 6150332.
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