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    Adam Carrico, PhD

    TitleAssociate Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Nursing
    DepartmentCommunity Health Systems
    Address2 Koret Way, Nursing
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-502-0955
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      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      Loyola University ChicagoB.S.Psychology2000
      University of MiamiPh.D.Clinical-Health Psychology2006
      University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral FellowHealth Psychology2006
      University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral FellowReproductive Infectious Diseases2008

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      My research program focuses broadly on developing and testing behavioral interventions that address the biopsychosocial vulnerabilities to optimizing HIV/AIDS prevention with people who use stimulants such as methamphetamine. My work demonstrates that HIV-positive stimulant users experience substantial difficulties with HIV disease management that lead to higher viral load, greater risk of onward transmission, and faster disease progression. Cognitive-behavioral substance abuse treatment and contingency management are two evidence-based interventions that target stimulant use as a modifiable driver of HIV-related health disparities. In community-engaged research, I have documented the implementation of these substance abuse interventions with stimulant users in domestic and international settings. Building on this research, my team is currently testing novel behavioral approaches to target prevalent comorbidities such as trauma and cultivate psychological resilience to boost the effectiveness of substance abuse interventions for HIV/AIDS prevention.

      Collapse Interests
      Emotion Regulation, Revised Stress and Coping Theory, Substance Use, HIV/AIDS Prevention, Men who Have Sex with Men, Implementation Science, Community-Engaged Research, Psychoneuroimmunology, Neuroimmune Pharmacology

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      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Horvath KJ, Alemu D, Danh T, Baker JV, Carrico AW. Creating Effective Mobile Phone Apps to Optimize Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence: Perspectives From Stimulant-Using HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex With Men. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016; 4(2):e48. PMID: 27084049.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Draughon Moret JE, Carrico AW, Evans JL, Stein ES, Couture MC, Maher L, Page K. The impact of violence on sex risk and drug use behaviors among women engaged in sex work in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Apr 1; 161:171-7. PMID: 26883684.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Gouse H, Magidson JF, Burnhams W, Remmert JE, Myers B, Joska JA, Carrico AW, et al. Implementation of Cognitive-Behavioral Substance Abuse Treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Treatment Engagement and Abstinence at Treatment Exit. PLoS One. 2016; 11(1):e0147900. PMID: 26816208.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Carrico AW, Nil E, Sophal C, Stein E, Sokunny M, Yuthea N, Evans JL, Ngak S, Maher L, Page K, et al. Behavioral interventions for Cambodian female entertainment and sex workers who use amphetamine-type stimulants. J Behav Med. 2016 Jan 18. PMID: 26782667.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Gómez W, Flentje A, Schustack A, Ramirez-Forcier J, Andrews B, Dilworth SE, Riley ED, Curotto A, Carrico AW, et al. Navigating Barriers to Vocational Rehabilitation for HIV-Positive Persons. AIDS Behav. 2015 Dec 22. PMID: 26696259.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Gouse H, Joska JA, Lion RR, Watt MH, Burnhams W, Carrico AW, Meade CS, et al. HIV testing and sero-prevalence among methamphetamine users seeking substance abuse treatment in Cape Town. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2015 Dec 14. PMID: 26661781.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Carrico AW, Hunt PW, Emenyonu NI, Muyindike W, Ngabirano C, Cheng DM, Winter MR, Samet JH, Hahn JA, et al. Unhealthy Alcohol Use is Associated with Monocyte Activation Prior to Starting Antiretroviral Therapy. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015 Oct 28. PMID: 26509359.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Dixon TC, Ngak S, Stein E, Carrico A, Page K, Maher L. Pharmacology, physiology and performance: occupational drug use and HIV risk among female entertainment and sex workers in Cambodia. Harm Reduct J. 2015; 12(1):33. PMID: 26472570.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Hahn JA, Emenyonu NI, Fatch R, Muyindike WR, Kekiibina A, Carrico AW, Woolf-King S, Shiboski S, et al. Declining and rebounding unhealthy alcohol consumption during the first year of HIV care in rural Uganda, using phosphatidylethanol to augment self-report. Addiction. 2015 Sep 18. PMID: 26381193.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Carrico AW, Gómez W, Siever MD, Discepola MV, Dilworth SE, Moskowitz JT. Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of an Integrative Intervention with Methamphetamine-Using Men Who Have Sex with Men. Arch Sex Behav. 2015 Oct; 44(7):1861-7. PMID: 26123068.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Jerome RC, Woods WJ, Moskowitz JT, Carrico AW, et al. The Psychological Context of Sexual Compulsivity Among Men Who Have Sex with Men. AIDS Behav. 2015 May 10. PMID: 25957856.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Woolf-King SE, Fatch R, Emenyonu N, Muyindike W, Carrico AW, Maisto SA, Hahn JA. Development and Validation of the East Africa Alcohol Expectancy Scale (AFEXS). J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2015 Mar; 76(2):336-43. PMID: 25785809.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Gamarel KE, Woolf-King SE, Carrico AW, Neilands TB, Johnson MO. Stimulant Use Patterns and HIV Transmission Risk Among HIV-Serodiscordant Male Couples. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Feb 1; 68(2):147-51. PMID: 25590269.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Christopoulos KA, Riley ED, Tulsky J, Carrico AW, Moskowitz JT, Wilson L, Coffin LS, Falahati V, Akerley J, Hilton JF. A text messaging intervention to improve retention in care and virologic suppression in a U.S. urban safety-net HIV clinic: study protocol for the Connect4Care (C4C) randomized controlled trial. BMC Infect Dis. 2014; 14(1):718. PMID: 25551175.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Carrico AW, Shoptaw S, Cox C, Stall R, Li X, Ostrow DG, Vlahov D, Plankey MW. Stimulant use and progression to AIDS or mortality after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Dec 15; 67(5):508-13. PMID: 25271387; PMCID: PMC4232455 [Available on 12/15/15].
      16. Carrico AW, Nation A, Gómez W, Sundberg J, Dilworth SE, Johnson MO, Moskowitz JT, Rose CD. Pilot trial of an expressive writing intervention with HIV-positive methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. Psychol Addict Behav. 2015 Jun; 29(2):277-82. PMID: 25437153.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Carrico AW, Flentje A, Gruber VA, Woods WJ, Discepola MV, Dilworth SE, Neilands TB, Jain J, Siever MD. Community-based harm reduction substance abuse treatment with methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. J Urban Health. 2014 Jun; 91(3):555-67. PMID: 24744105; PMCID: PMC4074324.
      18. Carrico AW, Woolf-King SE, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Johnson MO. Stimulant use and HIV disease management among men in same-sex relationships. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jun 1; 139:174-7. PMID: 24726318; PMCID: PMC4048569 [Available on 06/01/15].
      19. Carrico AW, Moskowitz JT. Positive affect promotes engagement in care after HIV diagnosis. Health Psychol. 2014 Jul; 33(7):686-9. PMID: 24245846.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Woolf-King SE, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Carrico AW, Johnson MO. Alcohol use and HIV disease management: the impact of individual and partner-level alcohol use among HIV-positive men who have sex with men. AIDS Care. 2014; 26(6):702-8. PMID: 24215238; PMCID: PMC4001861.
      21. Woolf-King SE, Rice TM, Truong HM, Woods WJ, Jerome RC, Carrico AW. Substance use and HIV risk behavior among men who have sex with men: the role of sexual compulsivity. J Urban Health. 2013 Oct; 90(5):948-52. PMID: 23974946; PMCID: PMC3795185.
      22. Horvath KJ, Carrico AW, Simoni J, Boyer EW, Amico KR, Petroll AE. Engagement in HIV Medical Care and Technology Use among Stimulant-Using and Nonstimulant-Using Men who have Sex with Men. AIDS Res Treat. 2013; 2013:121352. PMID: 23864944; PMCID: PMC3705882.
      23. Carrico AW, Woods WJ, Siever MD, Discepola MV, Dilworth SE, Neilands TB, Miller N, Moskowitz JT. Positive affect and processes of recovery among treatment-seeking methamphetamine users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Oct 1; 132(3):624-9. PMID: 23684632.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Herrick AL, Lim SH, Plankey MW, Chmiel JS, Guadamuz TE, Guadamuz TT, Kao U, Shoptaw S, Carrico A, Ostrow D, Stall R. Adversity and syndemic production among men participating in the multicenter AIDS cohort study: a life-course approach. Am J Public Health. 2013 Jan; 103(1):79-85. PMID: 23153154; PMCID: PMC3518355.
      25. Chartier M, Carrico AW, Weiser SD, Kushel MB, Riley ED. Specific psychiatric correlates of acute care utilization among unstably housed HIV-positive adults. AIDS Care. 2012; 24(12):1514-8. PMID: 22533713; PMCID: PMC3789372.
      26. Lim SH, Ostrow D, Stall R, Chmiel J, Herrick A, Shoptaw S, Kao U, Carrico A, Plankey M. Changes in stimulant drug use over time in the MACS: evidence for resilience against stimulant drug use among men who have sex with men. AIDS Behav. 2012 Jan; 16(1):151-8. PMID: 21191644; PMCID: PMC3133874.
      27. Carrico AW, Pollack LM, Stall RD, Shade SB, Neilands TB, Rice TM, Woods WJ, Moskowitz JT. Psychological processes and stimulant use among men who have sex with men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Jun 1; 123(1-3):79-83. PMID: 22088656; PMCID: PMC3494990.
      28. Smith RM, Carrico AW, Montandon M, Kwena Z, Bailey R, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. Attitudes and beliefs about anti-retroviral therapy are associated with high risk sexual behaviors among the general population of Kisumu, Kenya. AIDS Care. 2011 Dec; 23(12):1668-75. PMID: 22050441; PMCID: PMC3682819.
      29. Carrico AW, Bangsberg DR, Weiser SD, Chartier M, Dilworth SE, Riley ED. Psychiatric correlates of HAART utilization and viral load among HIV-positive impoverished persons. AIDS. 2011 May 15; 25(8):1113-8. PMID: 21399478; PMCID: PMC3601574.
      30. Carrico AW, Riley ED, Johnson MO, Charlebois ED, Neilands TB, Remien RH, Lightfoot MA, Steward WT, Weinhardt LS, Kelly JA, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Morin SF, Chesney MA. Psychiatric risk factors for HIV disease progression: the role of inconsistent patterns of antiretroviral therapy utilization. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Feb 1; 56(2):146-50. PMID: 21116186; PMCID: PMC3494991.
      31. Carrico AW. Substance use and HIV disease progression in the HAART era: implications for the primary prevention of HIV. Life Sci. 2011 May 23; 88(21-22):940-7. PMID: 20934437.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Carrico AW, Neilands TB, Johnson MO. Suicidal ideation is associated with HIV transmission risk in men who have sex with men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Aug; 54(4):e3-4. PMID: 20611031; PMCID: PMC4144977.
      33. Sevelius JM, Carrico A, Johnson MO. Antiretroviral therapy adherence among transgender women living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2010 May-Jun; 21(3):256-64. PMID: 20347342; PMCID: PMC2859994.
      34. Carrico AW. Elevated suicide rate among HIV-positive persons despite benefits of antiretroviral therapy: implications for a stress and coping model of suicide. Am J Psychiatry. 2010 Feb; 167(2):117-9. PMID: 20123916.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Cohen CR, Montandon M, Carrico AW, Shiboski S, Bostrom A, Obure A, Kwena Z, Bailey RC, Nguti R, Bukusi EA. Association of attitudes and beliefs towards antiretroviral therapy with HIV-seroprevalence in the general population of Kisumu, Kenya. PLoS One. 2009; 4(3):e4573. PMID: 19259267; PMCID: PMC2649531.
      36. Carrico AW, Johnson MO, Colfax GN, Moskowitz JT. Affective correlates of stimulant use and adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among HIV-positive methamphetamine users. AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug; 14(4):769-77. PMID: 19125321; PMCID: PMC2891867.
      37. Bormann JE, Carrico AW. Increases in positive reappraisal coping during a group-based mantram intervention mediate sustained reductions in anger in HIV-positive persons. Int J Behav Med. 2009; 16(1):74-80. PMID: 19127438; PMCID: PMC2739878.
      38. Morin SF, Shade SB, Steward WT, Carrico AW, Remien RH, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Kelly JA, Charlebois ED, Johnson MO, Chesney MA. A behavioral intervention reduces HIV transmission risk by promoting sustained serosorting practices among HIV-infected men who have sex with men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Dec 15; 49(5):544-51. PMID: 18989221; PMCID: PMC2659703.
      39. Johnson MO, Carrico AW, Chesney MA, Morin SF. Internalized heterosexism among HIV-positive, gay-identified men: implications for HIV prevention and care. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2008 Oct; 76(5):829-39. PMID: 18837600; PMCID: PMC2801151.
      40. Carrico AW, Johnson MO, Morin SF, Remien RH, Riley ED, Hecht FM, Fuchs D. Stimulant use is associated with immune activation and depleted tryptophan among HIV-positive persons on anti-retroviral therapy. Brain Behav Immun. 2008 Nov; 22(8):1257-62. PMID: 18703133; PMCID: PMC2783360.
      41. Carrico AW, Chesney MA, Johnson MO, Morin SF, Neilands TB, Remien RH, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Lennie Wong F. Randomized controlled trial of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for HIV-positive persons: an investigation of treatment effects on psychosocial adjustment. AIDS Behav. 2009 Jun; 13(3):555-63. PMID: 18626764; PMCID: PMC2737585.
      42. Carrico AW, Antoni MH. Effects of psychological interventions on neuroendocrine hormone regulation and immune status in HIV-positive persons: a review of randomized controlled trials. Psychosom Med. 2008 Jun; 70(5):575-84. PMID: 18541907; PMCID: PMC2737587.
      43. Zamboni BD, Crawford I, Carrico AW. Predictors of sports motivation among gay and bisexual men. J Homosex. 2008; 54(4):449-68. PMID: 18826171.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Carrico AW, Johnson MO, Moskowitz JT, Neilands TB, Morin SF, Charlebois ED, Steward WT, Remien RH, Wong FL, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Lightfoot MA, Chesney MA. Affect regulation, stimulant use, and viral load among HIV-positive persons on anti-retroviral therapy. Psychosom Med. 2007 Nov; 69(8):785-92. PMID: 17942835.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Carrico AW, Johnson MO, Morin SF, Remien RH, Charlebois ED, Steward WT, Chesney MA. Correlates of suicidal ideation among HIV-positive persons. AIDS. 2007 May 31; 21(9):1199-203. PMID: 17502730.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Carrico AW, Gifford EV, Moos RH. Spirituality/religiosity promotes acceptance-based responding and 12-step involvement. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Jun 15; 89(1):66-73. PMID: 17229532.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Carrico AW, Ironson G, Antoni MH, Lechner SC, Durán RE, Kumar M, Schneiderman N. A path model of the effects of spirituality on depressive symptoms and 24-h urinary-free cortisol in HIV-positive persons. J Psychosom Res. 2006 Jul; 61(1):51-8. PMID: 16813845.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Carrico AW, Antoni MH, Duran RE, Ironson G, Penedo F, Fletcher MA, Klimas N, Schneiderman N. Reductions in depressed mood and denial coping during cognitive behavioral stress management with HIV-Positive gay men treated with HAART. Ann Behav Med. 2006 Apr; 31(2):155-64. PMID: 16542130.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Antoni MH, Carrico AW, Durán RE, Spitzer S, Penedo F, Ironson G, Fletcher MA, Klimas N, Schneiderman N. Randomized clinical trial of cognitive behavioral stress management on human immunodeficiency virus viral load in gay men treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. Psychosom Med. 2006 Jan-Feb; 68(1):143-51. PMID: 16449425.
        View in: PubMed
      50. Carrico AW, Antoni MH, Weaver KE, Lechner SC, Schneiderman N. Cognitive-behavioural stress management with HIV-positive homosexual men: mechanisms of sustained reductions in depressive symptoms. Chronic Illn. 2005 Sep; 1(3):207-15. PMID: 17152183.
        View in: PubMed
      51. Carrico AW, Antoni MH, Pereira DB, Fletcher MA, Klimas N, Lechner SC, Schneiderman N. Cognitive behavioral stress management effects on mood, social support, and a marker of antiviral immunity are maintained up to 1 year in HIV-infected gay men. Int J Behav Med. 2005; 12(4):218-26. PMID: 16262540.
        View in: PubMed
      52. Antoni MH, Cruess DG, Klimas N, Carrico AW, Maher K, Cruess S, Lechner SC, Kumar M, Lutgendorf S, Ironson G, Fletcher MA, Schneiderman N. Increases in a marker of immune system reconstitution are predated by decreases in 24-h urinary cortisol output and depressed mood during a 10-week stress management intervention in symptomatic HIV-infected men. J Psychosom Res. 2005 Jan; 58(1):3-13. PMID: 15771864.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Jason LA, Helgerson J, Torres-Harding SR, Carrico AW, Taylor RR. Variability in diagnostic criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome may result in substantial differences in patterns of symptoms and disability. Eval Health Prof. 2003 Mar; 26(1):3-22. PMID: 12629919.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Jason LA, Torres-Harding SR, Carrico AW, Taylor RR. Symptom occurrence in persons with chronic fatigue syndrome. Biol Psychol. 2002 Feb; 59(1):15-27. PMID: 11790441.
        View in: PubMed
      55. Torres-Harding SR, Jason LA, Cane V, Carrico A, Taylor RR. Physicians' diagnoses of psychiatric disorders for people with chronic fatigue syndrome. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2002; 32(2):109-24. PMID: 12269593.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Jason LA, Taylor RR, Carrico AW. A community-based study of seasonal variation in the onset of chronic fatigue syndrome and idiopathic chronic fatigue. Chronobiol Int. 2001 Mar; 18(2):315-9. PMID: 11379670.
        View in: PubMed
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