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    Ann Schwartz, PhD, MPH

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentEpidemiology & Biostatistics
    Address185 Berry Street W
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-514-8038

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       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Napoli N, Strotmeyer ES, Ensrud KE, Sellmeyer DE, Bauer DC, Hoffman AR, Dam TT, Barrett-Connor E, Palermo L, Orwoll ES, Cummings SR, Black DM, Schwartz AV. Fracture risk in diabetic elderly men: the MrOS study. Diabetologia. 2014 Oct; 57(10):2057-65.
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      2. Akeroyd JM, Suarez EA, Bartali B, Chiu GR, Yang M, Schwartz AV, Araujo AB. Differences in skeletal and non-skeletal factors in a diverse sample of men with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Diabetes Complications. 2014 Sep-Oct; 28(5):679-83.
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      3. Schafer AL, Napoli N, Lui L, Schwartz AV, Black DM. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration does not independently predict incident diabetes in older women. Diabet Med. 2014 May; 31(5):564-9.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Endeshaw Y, Rice TB, Schwartz AV, Stone KL, Manini TM, Satterfield S, Cummings S, Harris T, Pahor M. Snoring, daytime sleepiness, and incident cardiovascular disease in the health, aging, and body composition study. Sleep. 2013; 36(11):1737-45.
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      5. Lee CG, Schwartz AV, Yaffe K, Hillier TA, Leblanc ES, Cawthon PM. Changes in physical performance in older women according to presence and treatment of diabetes mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2013 Nov; 61(11):1872-8.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Yau RK, Strotmeyer ES, Resnick HE, Sellmeyer DE, Feingold KR, Cauley JA, Vittinghoff E, De Rekeneire N, Harris TB, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Shorr RI, Schwartz AV. Diabetes and risk of hospitalized fall injury among older adults. Diabetes Care. 2013 Dec; 36(12):3985-91.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Patsch JM, Li X, Baum T, Yap SP, Karampinos DC, Schwartz AV, Link TM. Bone marrow fat composition as a novel imaging biomarker in postmenopausal women with prevalent fragility fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Aug; 28(8):1721-8.
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      8. Yaffe K, Falvey CM, Hamilton N, Harris TB, Simonsick EM, Strotmeyer ES, Shorr RI, Metti A, Schwartz AV. Association between hypoglycemia and dementia in a biracial cohort of older adults with diabetes mellitus. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Jul 22; 173(14):1300-6.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Schwartz AV, Schafer AL, Grey A, Vittinghoff E, Palermo L, Lui LY, Wallace RB, Cummings SR, Black DM, Bauer DC, Reid IR. Effects of antiresorptive therapies on glucose metabolism: results from the FIT, HORIZON-PFT, and FREEDOM trials. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jun; 28(6):1348-54.
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      10. McNabb BL, Vittinghoff E, Schwartz AV, Eastell R, Bauer DC, Ensrud K, Rosenberg E, Santora A, Barrett-Connor E, Black DM. BMD changes and predictors of increased bone loss in postmenopausal women after a 5-year course of alendronate. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Jun; 28(6):1319-27.
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      11. Schwartz AV, Ewing SK, Porzig AM, McCulloch CE, Resnick HE, Hillier TA, Ensrud KE, Black DM, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Sellmeyer DE. Diabetes and change in bone mineral density at the hip, calcaneus, spine, and radius in older women. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2013; 4:62.
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      12. Tseng LA, Delmonico MJ, Visser M, Boudreau RM, Goodpaster BH, Schwartz AV, Simonsick EM, Satterfield S, Harris T, Newman AB. Body composition explains sex differential in physical performance among older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Jan; 69(1):93-100.
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      13. Schwartz AV, Sigurdsson S, Hue TF, Lang TF, Harris TB, Rosen CJ, Vittinghoff E, Siggeirsdottir K, Sigurdsson G, Oskarsdottir D, Shet K, Palermo L, Gudnason V, Li X. Vertebral bone marrow fat associated with lower trabecular BMD and prevalent vertebral fracture in older adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Jun; 98(6):2294-300.
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      14. Schwartz AV, Vittinghoff E, Margolis KL, Scibora LM, Palermo L, Ambrosius WT, Hue TF, Ensrud KE. Intensive glycemic control and thiazolidinedione use: effects on cortical and trabecular bone at the radius and tibia. Calcif Tissue Int. 2013 May; 92(5):477-86.
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      15. Patsch JM, Burghardt AJ, Yap SP, Baum T, Schwartz AV, Joseph GB, Link TM. Increased cortical porosity in type 2 diabetic postmenopausal women with fragility fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2013 Feb; 28(2):313-24.
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      16. Napoli N, Schwartz AV, Palermo L, Jin JJ, Wustrack R, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Kelly M, Black DM. Risk factors for subtrochanteric and diaphyseal fractures: the study of osteoporotic fractures. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Feb; 98(2):659-67.
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      17. Leslie WD, Rubin MR, Schwartz AV, Kanis JA. Type 2 diabetes and bone. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Nov; 27(11):2231-7.
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      18. Yaffe K, Falvey C, Hamilton N, Schwartz AV, Simonsick EM, Satterfield S, Cauley JA, Rosano C, Launer LJ, Strotmeyer ES, Harris TB. Diabetes, glucose control, and 9-year cognitive decline among older adults without dementia. Arch Neurol. 2012 Sep; 69(9):1170-5.
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      19. Schwartz AV, Margolis KL, Sellmeyer DE, Vittinghoff E, Ambrosius WT, Bonds DE, Josse RG, Schnall AM, Simmons DL, Hue TF, Palermo L, Hamilton BP, Green JB, Atkinson HH, O'Connor PJ, Force RW, Bauer DC. Intensive glycemic control is not associated with fractures or falls in the ACCORD randomized trial. Diabetes Care. 2012 Jul; 35(7):1525-31.
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      20. Leishear K, Boudreau RM, Studenski SA, Ferrucci L, Rosano C, de Rekeneire N, Houston DK, Kritchevsky SB, Schwartz AV, Vinik AI, Hogervorst E, Yaffe K, Harris TB, Newman AB, Strotmeyer ES. Relationship between vitamin B12 and sensory and motor peripheral nerve function in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Jun; 60(6):1057-63.
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      21. Black DM, Bauer DC, Schwartz AV, Cummings SR, Rosen CJ. Continuing bisphosphonate treatment for osteoporosis--for whom and for how long? N Engl J Med. 2012 May 31; 366(22):2051-3.
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      22. Schwartz AV, Johnson KC, Kahn SE, Shepherd JA, Nevitt MC, Peters AL, Walkup MP, Hodges A, Williams CC, Bray GA. Effect of 1 year of an intentional weight loss intervention on bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes: results from the Look AHEAD randomized trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2012 Mar; 27(3):619-27.
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      23. Schafer AL, Sellmeyer DE, Schwartz AV, Rosen CJ, Vittinghoff E, Palermo L, Bilezikian JP, Shoback DM, Black DM. Change in undercarboxylated osteocalcin is associated with changes in body weight, fat mass, and adiponectin: parathyroid hormone (1-84) or alendronate therapy in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis (the PaTH study). J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Dec; 96(12):E1982-9.
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      24. Yaffe K, Lindquist K, Schwartz AV, Vitartas C, Vittinghoff E, Satterfield S, Simonsick EM, Launer L, Rosano C, Cauley JA, Harris T. Advanced glycation end product level, diabetes, and accelerated cognitive aging. Neurology. 2011 Oct 4; 77(14):1351-6.
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      25. Baum T, Yap SP, Karampinos DC, Nardo L, Kuo D, Burghardt AJ, Masharani UB, Schwartz AV, Li X, Link TM. Does vertebral bone marrow fat content correlate with abdominal adipose tissue, lumbar spine bone mineral density, and blood biomarkers in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus? J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Jan; 35(1):117-24.
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      26. Schwartz AV, Vittinghoff E, Bauer DC, Hillier TA, Strotmeyer ES, Ensrud KE, Donaldson MG, Cauley JA, Harris TB, Koster A, Womack CR, Palermo L, Black DM. Association of BMD and FRAX score with risk of fracture in older adults with type 2 diabetes. JAMA. 2011 Jun 1; 305(21):2184-92.
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      27. Koster A, Ding J, Stenholm S, Caserotti P, Houston DK, Nicklas BJ, You T, Lee JS, Visser M, Newman AB, Schwartz AV, Cauley JA, Tylavsky FA, Goodpaster BH, Kritchevsky SB, Harris TB. Does the amount of fat mass predict age-related loss of lean mass, muscle strength, and muscle quality in older adults? J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011 Aug; 66(8):888-95.
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      28. Abbatecola AM, Chiodini P, Gallo C, Lakatta E, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Tylavsky FA, Goodpaster B, de Rekeneire N, Schwartz AV, Paolisso G, Harris T. Pulse wave velocity is associated with muscle mass decline: Health ABC study. Age (Dordr). 2012 Apr; 34(2):469-78.
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      29. Curtis JR, Delzell E, Chen L, Black D, Ensrud K, Judd S, Safford MM, Schwartz AV, Bauer DC. The relationship between bisphosphonate adherence and fracture: is it the behavior or the medication? Results from the placebo arm of the fracture intervention trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Apr; 26(4):683-8.
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      30. Li X, Kuo D, Schafer AL, Porzig A, Link TM, Black D, Schwartz AV. Quantification of vertebral bone marrow fat content using 3 Tesla MR spectroscopy: reproducibility, vertebral variation, and applications in osteoporosis. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Apr; 33(4):974-9.
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      31. Burghardt AJ, Issever AS, Schwartz AV, Davis KA, Masharani U, Majumdar S, Link TM. High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomographic imaging of cortical and trabecular bone microarchitecture in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Nov; 95(11):5045-55.
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      32. Schafer AL, Vittinghoff E, Lang TF, Sellmeyer DE, Harris TB, Kanaya AM, Strotmeyer ES, Cawthon PM, Cummings SR, Tylavsky FA, Scherzinger AL, Schwartz AV. Fat infiltration of muscle, diabetes, and clinical fracture risk in older adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Nov; 95(11):E368-72.
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      33. Melamed A, Vittinghoff E, Sriram U, Schwartz AV, Kanaya AM. BMD reference standards among South Asians in the United States. J Clin Densitom. 2010 Oct-Dec; 13(4):379-84.
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      34. Schwartz AV, Bauer DC, Cummings SR, Cauley JA, Ensrud KE, Palermo L, Wallace RB, Hochberg MC, Feldstein AC, Lombardi A, Black DM. Efficacy of continued alendronate for fractures in women with and without prevalent vertebral fracture: the FLEX trial. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 May; 25(5):976-82.
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      35. Petit MA, Paudel ML, Taylor BC, Hughes JM, Strotmeyer ES, Schwartz AV, Cauley JA, Zmuda JM, Hoffman AR, Ensrud KE. Bone mass and strength in older men with type 2 diabetes: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2010 Feb; 25(2):285-91.
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      36. Koster A, Visser M, Simonsick EM, Yu B, Allison DB, Newman AB, van Eijk JT, Schwartz AV, Satterfield S, Harris TB. Association between fitness and changes in body composition and muscle strength. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Feb; 58(2):219-26.
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      37. Strotmeyer ES, de Rekeneire N, Schwartz AV, Resnick HE, Goodpaster BH, Faulkner KA, Shorr RI, Vinik AI, Harris TB, Newman AB. Sensory and motor peripheral nerve function and lower-extremity quadriceps strength: the health, aging and body composition study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Nov; 57(11):2004-10.
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      38. Schwartz AV, Garnero P, Hillier TA, Sellmeyer DE, Strotmeyer ES, Feingold KR, Resnick HE, Tylavsky FA, Black DM, Cummings SR, Harris TB, Bauer DC. Pentosidine and increased fracture risk in older adults with type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jul; 94(7):2380-6.
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      39. Lee JS, Visser M, Tylavsky FA, Kritchevsky SB, Schwartz AV, Sahyoun N, Harris TB, Newman AB. Weight loss and regain and effects on body composition: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010 Jan; 65(1):78-83.
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      40. Barzilay JI, Cotsonis GA, Walston J, Schwartz AV, Satterfield S, Miljkovic I, Harris TB. Insulin resistance is associated with decreased quadriceps muscle strength in nondiabetic adults aged >or=70 years. Diabetes Care. 2009 Apr; 32(4):736-8.
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      41. Cauley JA, Lui LY, Barnes D, Ensrud KE, Zmuda JM, Hillier TA, Hochberg MC, Schwartz AV, Yaffe K, Cummings SR, Newman AB. Successful skeletal aging: a marker of low fracture risk and longevity. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF). J Bone Miner Res. 2009 Jan; 24(1):134-43.
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      42. Houston DK, Schwartz AV, Cauley JA, Tylavsky FA, Simonsick EM, Harris TB, de Rekeneire N, Schwartz GG, Kritchevsky SB. Serum parathyroid hormone levels predict falls in older adults with diabetes mellitus. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Nov; 56(11):2027-32.
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      43. Strotmeyer ES, de Rekeneire N, Schwartz AV, Faulkner KA, Resnick HE, Goodpaster BH, Shorr RI, Vinik AI, Harris TB, Newman AB. The relationship of reduced peripheral nerve function and diabetes with physical performance in older white and black adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) study. Diabetes Care. 2008 Sep; 31(9):1767-72.
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      44. Ryder KM, Cummings SR, Palermo L, Satterfield S, Bauer DC, Feldstein AC, Schousboe JT, Schwartz AV, Ensrud K. Does a history of non-vertebral fracture identify women without osteoporosis for treatment? J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Aug; 23(8):1177-81.
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      45. Heshka S, Ruggiero A, Bray GA, Foreyt J, Kahn SE, Lewis CE, Saad M, Schwartz AV. Altered body composition in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 May; 32(5):780-7.
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      46. Schwartz AV. TZDs and Bone: A Review of the Recent Clinical Evidence. PPAR Res. 2008; 2008:297893.
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      47. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE. Effect of thiazolidinediones on skeletal health in women with Type 2 diabetes. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2008 Jan; 7(1):69-78.
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      48. Schwartz AV, Vittinghoff E, Sellmeyer DE, Feingold KR, de Rekeneire N, Strotmeyer ES, Shorr RI, Vinik AI, Odden MC, Park SW, Faulkner KA, Harris TB. Diabetes-related complications, glycemic control, and falls in older adults. Diabetes Care. 2008 Mar; 31(3):391-6.
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      49. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE. Diabetes, fracture, and bone fragility. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2007 Sep; 5(3):105-11.
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      50. Schwartz AV, Cummings SR. Does rosiglitazone adversely affect bone formation and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women? Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Sep; 3(9):622-3.
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      51. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE. Thiazolidinedione therapy gets complicated: is bone loss the price of improved insulin resistance? Diabetes Care. 2007 Jun; 30(6):1670-1.
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      52. Cummings SR, Schwartz AV, Black DM. Alendronate and atrial fibrillation. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 3; 356(18):1895-6.
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      53. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE. Thiazolidinediones: new evidence of bone loss. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Apr; 92(4):1232-4.
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      54. Park SW, Goodpaster BH, Strotmeyer ES, Kuller LH, Broudeau R, Kammerer C, de Rekeneire N, Harris TB, Schwartz AV, Tylavsky FA, Cho YW, Newman AB. Accelerated loss of skeletal muscle strength in older adults with type 2 diabetes: the health, aging, and body composition study. Diabetes Care. 2007 Jun; 30(6):1507-12.
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      55. Manini TM, Visser M, Won-Park S, Patel KV, Strotmeyer ES, Chen H, Goodpaster B, De Rekeneire N, Newman AB, Simonsick EM, Kritchevsky SB, Ryder K, Schwartz AV, Harris TB. Knee extension strength cutpoints for maintaining mobility. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 Mar; 55(3):451-7.
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      56. Farhat GN, Newman AB, Sutton-Tyrrell K, Matthews KA, Boudreau R, Schwartz AV, Harris T, Tylavsky F, Visser M, Cauley JA. The association of bone mineral density measures with incident cardiovascular disease in older adults. Osteoporos Int. 2007 Jul; 18(7):999-1008.
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      57. Chan BK, Marshall LM, Winters KM, Faulkner KA, Schwartz AV, Orwoll ES. Incident fall risk and physical activity and physical performance among older men: the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Mar 15; 165(6):696-703.
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      58. Black DM, Schwartz AV, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Levis S, Quandt SA, Satterfield S, Wallace RB, Bauer DC, Palermo L, Wehren LE, Lombardi A, Santora AC, Cummings SR. Effects of continuing or stopping alendronate after 5 years of treatment: the Fracture Intervention Trial Long-term Extension (FLEX): a randomized trial. JAMA. 2006 Dec 27; 296(24):2927-38.
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      59. Strotmeyer ES, Cauley JA, Schwartz AV, de Rekeneire N, Resnick HE, Zmuda JM, Shorr RI, Tylavsky FA, Vinik AI, Harris TB, Newman AB. Reduced peripheral nerve function is related to lower hip BMD and calcaneal QUS in older white and black adults: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Nov; 21(11):1803-10.
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      60. Goodpaster BH, Park SW, Harris TB, Kritchevsky SB, Nevitt M, Schwartz AV, Simonsick EM, Tylavsky FA, Visser M, Newman AB. The loss of skeletal muscle strength, mass, and quality in older adults: the health, aging and body composition study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2006 Oct; 61(10):1059-64.
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      61. Figaro MK, Kritchevsky SB, Resnick HE, Shorr RI, Butler J, Shintani A, Penninx BW, Simonsick EM, Goodpaster BH, Newman AB, Schwartz AV, Harris TB. Diabetes, inflammation, and functional decline in older adults: findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition (ABC) study. Diabetes Care. 2006 Sep; 29(9):2039-45.
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      62. de Rekeneire N, Peila R, Ding J, Colbert LH, Visser M, Shorr RI, Kritchevsky SB, Kuller LH, Strotmeyer ES, Schwartz AV, Vellas B, Harris TB. Diabetes, hyperglycemia, and inflammation in older individuals: the health, aging and body composition study. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug; 29(8):1902-8.
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      63. Bonds DE, Larson JC, Schwartz AV, Strotmeyer ES, Robbins J, Rodriguez BL, Johnson KC, Margolis KL. Risk of fracture in women with type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3404-10.
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      64. Park SW, Goodpaster BH, Strotmeyer ES, de Rekeneire N, Harris TB, Schwartz AV, Tylavsky FA, Newman AB. Decreased muscle strength and quality in older adults with type 2 diabetes: the health, aging, and body composition study. Diabetes. 2006 Jun; 55(6):1813-8.
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      65. Strotmeyer ES, Schwartz AV, Newman AB. Thiazolidinediones and the risk of nontraumatic fractures in patients with diabetes: in reply. Arch Intern Med. 2006 May 8; 166(9):1043.
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      66. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Vittinghoff E, Palermo L, Lecka-Czernik B, Feingold KR, Strotmeyer ES, Resnick HE, Carbone L, Beamer BA, Park SW, Lane NE, Harris TB, Cummings SR. Thiazolidinedione use and bone loss in older diabetic adults. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Sep; 91(9):3349-54.
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      67. Schwartz AV. Diabetes, TZDs, and Bone: A Review of the Clinical Evidence. PPAR Res. 2006; 2006:24502.
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      68. Sahyoun NR, Anderson AL, Kanaya AM, Koh-Banerjee P, Kritchevsky SB, de Rekeneire N, Tylavsky FA, Schwartz AV, Lee JS, Harris TB. Dietary glycemic index and load, measures of glucose metabolism, and body fat distribution in older adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Sep; 82(3):547-52.
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      69. Hillier TA, Rizzo JH, Pedula KL, Cauley JA, Schwartz AV, Ensrud KE, Browner WS. Increased mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome in older women with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2005 Sep; 28(9):2258-60.
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      70. Strotmeyer ES, Cauley JA, Schwartz AV, Nevitt MC, Resnick HE, Bauer DC, Tylavsky FA, de Rekeneire N, Harris TB, Newman AB. Nontraumatic fracture risk with diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose in older white and black adults: the health, aging, and body composition study. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Jul 25; 165(14):1612-7.
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      71. Kanaya AM, Wassel Fyr CL, de Rekeneire N, Shorr RI, Schwartz AV, Goodpaster BH, Newman AB, Harris T, Barrett-Connor E. Predicting the development of diabetes in older adults: the derivation and validation of a prediction rule. Diabetes Care. 2005 Feb; 28(2):404-8.
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      72. Schwartz AV, Nevitt MC, Brown BW, Kelsey JL. Increased falling as a risk factor for fracture among older women: the study of osteoporotic fractures. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Jan 15; 161(2):180-5.
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      73. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Strotmeyer ES, Tylavsky FA, Feingold KR, Resnick HE, Shorr RI, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Harris TB. Diabetes and bone loss at the hip in older black and white adults. J Bone Miner Res. 2005 Apr; 20(4):596-603.
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      74. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE. Women, type 2 diabetes, and fracture risk. Curr Diab Rep. 2004 Oct; 4(5):364-9.
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      75. Keegan TH, Schwartz AV, Bauer DC, Sellmeyer DE, Kelsey JL. Effect of alendronate on bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover in type 2 diabetic women: the fracture intervention trial. Diabetes Care. 2004 Jul; 27(7):1547-53.
        View in: PubMed
      76. Strotmeyer ES, Cauley JA, Schwartz AV, Nevitt MC, Resnick HE, Zmuda JM, Bauer DC, Tylavsky FA, de Rekeneire N, Harris TB, Newman AB. Diabetes is associated independently of body composition with BMD and bone volume in older white and black men and women: The Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Jul; 19(7):1084-91.
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      77. De Rekeneire N, Resnick HE, Schwartz AV, Shorr RI, Kuller LH, Simonsick EM, Vellas B, Harris TB. Diabetes is associated with subclinical functional limitation in nondisabled older individuals: the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Dec; 26(12):3257-63.
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      78. Schwartz AV. Diabetes Mellitus: Does it Affect Bone? Calcif Tissue Int. 2003 Dec; 73(6):515-9.
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      79. de Rekeneire N, Rooks RN, Simonsick EM, Shorr RI, Kuller LH, Schwartz AV, Harris TB. Racial differences in glycemic control in a well-functioning older diabetic population: findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. Diabetes Care. 2003 Jul; 26(7):1986-92.
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      80. Goodpaster BH, Krishnaswami S, Resnick H, Kelley DE, Haggerty C, Harris TB, Schwartz AV, Kritchevsky S, Newman AB. Association between regional adipose tissue distribution and both type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in elderly men and women. Diabetes Care. 2003 Feb; 26(2):372-9.
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      81. Schwartz AV, Hillier TA, Sellmeyer DE, Resnick HE, Gregg E, Ensrud KE, Schreiner PJ, Margolis KL, Cauley JA, Nevitt MC, Black DM, Cummings SR. Older women with diabetes have a higher risk of falls: a prospective study. Diabetes Care. 2002 Oct; 25(10):1749-54.
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      82. Ensrud KE, Blackwell TL, Mangione CM, Bowman PJ, Whooley MA, Bauer DC, Schwartz AV, Hanlon JT, Nevitt MC. Central nervous system-active medications and risk for falls in older women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Oct; 50(10):1629-37.
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      83. Gregg EW, Mangione CM, Cauley JA, Thompson TJ, Schwartz AV, Ensrud KE, Nevitt MC. Diabetes and incidence of functional disability in older women. Diabetes Care. 2002 Jan; 25(1):61-7.
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      84. Schwartz AV, Sellmeyer DE, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Tabor HK, Schreiner PJ, Jamal SA, Black DM, Cummings SR. Older women with diabetes have an increased risk of fracture: a prospective study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Jan; 86(1):32-8.
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      85. Resnick HE, Vinik AI, Schwartz AV, Leveille SG, Brancati FL, Balfour J, Guralnik JM. Independent effects of peripheral nerve dysfunction on lower-extremity physical function in old age: the Women's Health and Aging Study. Diabetes Care. 2000 Nov; 23(11):1642-7.
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      86. Schwartz AV, Villa ML, Prill M, Kelsey JA, Galinus JA, Delay RR, Nevitt MC, Bloch DA, Marcus R, Kelsey JL. Falls in older Mexican-American women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Nov; 47(11):1371-8.
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      87. Schwartz AV, Kelsey JL, Maggi S, Tuttleman M, Ho SC, Jónsson PV, Poór G, Sisson de Castro JA, Xu L, Matkin CC, Nelson LM, Heyse SP. International variation in the incidence of hip fractures: cross-national project on osteoporosis for the World Health Organization Program for Research on Aging. Osteoporos Int. 1999; 9(3):242-53.
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      88. Sands ML, Schwartz AV, Brown BW, Nevitt MC, Seeley DG, Kelsey JL. Relationship of neurological function and age in older women. The study of osteoporotic fractures. Neuroepidemiology. 1998; 17(6):318-29.
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      89. Schwartz AV, Kelsey JL, Sidney S, Grisso JA. Characteristics of falls and risk of hip fracture in elderly men. Osteoporos Int. 1998; 8(3):240-6.
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