Antonio Westphalen, MD

TitleAssociate Professor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
Address505 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco CA 94117
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoM.A.S. in Clinical Research2011 Graduate Division (Advance Training in Clinical Research)
    University of California, San Francisco Clinical Fellowship
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    University of California, San Francisco2007  - 2009Radiology Editor’s Recognition Award
    Annual Brazilian Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology Congress2000First prize, Neuroradiology Educational Exhibit
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul"; Scientific Initiation Institutional Program1993  - 1994Brazilian National Council of Research
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul"; Scientific Initiation Institutional Program1992Brazilian National Council of Research

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Antonio Westphalen, MD, MAS, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Residence in the Abdominal Imaging Section in the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging and Urology at the University of California, San Francisco.

    Dr. Westphalen received his medical degree from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil in 1995, and completed his residency from the Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and from the Hospital Moinhos de Vento, Brazil, followed by a fellowship in Abdominal Imaging at the University of California, San Francisco in 2005. Shortly after, Dr. Westphalen completed his MAS degree from the Master’s Degree Program in Clinical Research in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics from UCSF. He received his PhD from the Doctoral Degree Program in Surgical Sciences, Urology at Universidade Federal do Sul, Brazil in 2012.

    Dr. Westphalen is the Director of the Clinical Prostate MR Imaging Program and a member of the UCSF Department of Radiology’s Clinical Research Team and of the Prostate Cancer Imaging Group. Dr. Westphalen’s research emphasizes on the use of advanced imaging technologies to diagnose and treat patients with prostate cancer. Dr. Westphalen’s unique background has allowed him to expand his research and provide new expertise to the Prostate Cancer Imaging Group.

    Dr. Westphalen has published over 100 articles related to his research, study cases, and reviews. His publications have appeared in the major journals in the fields of radiology, urology, and radiation oncology.

    Abdominal Imaging, Adult
    Prostate Cancer Imaging

    Advanced genitourinary and gastrointestinal imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging

    Professional Interests:
    Advanced MR imaging techniques of the prostate. Currently working with multidisciplinary groups, in particular the Prostate Imaging Group.

    Education and Training:
    • Medical School: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
    • Residency: Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil and Hospital Moinhos de Vento, Brazil
    • Fellowship: University of California, San Francisco - Abdominal Imaging
    • Master Degree: University of California, San Francisco - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Clinical Research
    • Doctor of Philosophy: Doctoral Degree Program in Surgical Sciences Univeridade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil - Urology
    • Medical Licensure, Brazil
    • Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates Examination steps I and II
    • Brazilian Medical Council Radiology Certification
    • Brazilian College of Radiology Board Certification (equivalent of American Board certification)
    • United States Medical Licensing Examination step III
    • California Medical Board
    • American Heart Association Basic Life Support for Health Care Providers

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    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Clinical Trials

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Lake ST, Greene KL, Westphalen AC, Behr SC, Zagoria R, Small EJ, Carroll PR, Hope TA. Optimal MRI sequences for 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI in evaluation of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. EJNMMI Res. 2017 Sep 19; 7(1):77. PMID: 28929350.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Leapman MS, Wang ZJ, Behr SC, Kurhanewicz J, Zagoria RJ, Carroll PR, Westphalen AC. Impact of the integration of proton magnetic resonance imaging spectroscopy to PI-RADS 2 for prediction of high grade and high stage prostate cancer. Radiol Bras. 2017 Sep-Oct; 50(5):299-307. PMID: 29085163.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Lin WC, Westphalen AC, Silva GE, Chodraui Filho S, Reis RB, Muglia VF. Erratum to: Comparison of PI-RADS 2, ADC histogram-derived parameters, and their combination for the diagnosis of peripheral zone prostate cancer. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2017 May; 42(5):1619. PMID: 28138729.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Westphalen A, Margolis DJ, Rosenkrantz AB. The Director of Prostate Imaging: advancing care for prostate cancer patients. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28396916.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Cai L, Yeh BM, Westphalen A, Roberts J, Wang ZJ. 3D T2-weighted and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced 3D T1-weighted MR cholangiography for evaluation of biliary anatomy in living liver donors. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2017 Mar; 42(3):842-850. PMID: 27714420.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Vilaseca RM, Westphalen AC, Reis HF, Zogbi OS, Silva GE, Dos Reis RB, Muglia VF. Reproducibility and interobserver agreement of the R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score: focus on imaging features. Radiol Bras. 2017 Jan-Feb; 50(1):7-12. PMID: 28298726.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Lin WC, Chen JH, Westphalen AC, Liao CH, Chen CH, Chen CM, Lin CH. The role of CT in predicting the need for surgery in patients diagnosed with mesenteric phlebosclerosis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Oct; 95(41):e5139. PMID: 27741142.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Tran GN, Leapman MS, Nguyen HG, Cowan JE, Shinohara K, Westphalen A, Carroll PR, et al. Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Ultrasound Fusion Biopsy During Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance. Eur Urol. 2017 Aug; 72(2):275-281. PMID: 27595378.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Hope TA, Aggarwal RR, Westphalen A, Cooperberg MR, Greene KL, et al. Targeted PET imaging for prostate-specific membrane antigen in prostate cancer. Future Oncol. 2016 Nov; 12(21):2393-2396. PMID: 27453303.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rosenkrantz AB, Oto A, Turkbey B, Westphalen AC. Reply to "Standardizing Biparametric MRI to Simplify and Improve Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System, Version 2, in Prostate Cancer Management". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jul 06; W1. PMID: 27385306.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Li Y, Mongan J, Behr SC, Sud S, Coakley FV, Simko J, Westphalen AC. Beyond Prostate Adenocarcinoma: Expanding the Differential Diagnosis in Prostate Pathologic Conditions. Radiographics. 2016 Jul-Aug; 36(4):1055-75. PMID: 27315446.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Purysko AS, Westphalen A, Remer EM, Coppa CP, Leão Filho HM, Herts BR. Imaging Manifestations of Hematologic Diseases with Renal and Perinephric Involvement. Radiographics. 2016 Jul-Aug; 36(4):1038-54. PMID: 27257766.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Cai L, Yeh BM, Westphalen A, Roberts JP, Wang ZJ. Adult living donor liver imaging. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2016 May-Jun; 22(3):207-14. PMID: 26912106; PMCID: PMC4859735.
    14. Lin WC, Chen JH, Westphalen A, Chang H, Chiang IP, Chen CH, Wu HC, Lin CH. Primary Renal Rhabdomyosarcoma in an Adolescent With Tumor Thrombosis in the Inferior Vena Cava and Right Atrium: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 May; 95(21):e3771. PMID: 27227946; PMCID: PMC4902370.
    15. Margolis DJ, Westphalen AC, Haider MA. Why we need a vendor neutral specification for delineating prostate cancer with mpMRI. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2016 May; 41(5):801-2. PMID: 27108130.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Westphalen AC, Verma S, Zagoria RJ. Is it time for prostate MRI certification? Abdom Radiol (NY). 2016 May; 41(5):799-800. PMID: 27108131.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Starobinets O, Korn N, Iqbal S, Noworolski SM, Zagoria R, Kurhanewicz J, Westphalen AC. Practical aspects of prostate MRI: hardware and software considerations, protocols, and patient preparation. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2016 May; 41(5):817-30. PMID: 27193785.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Eltemamy MM, Leapman MS, Cowan JE, Westphalen A, Shinohara K, Carroll PR. Serial Anatomical Prostate Ultrasound during Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance. J Urol. 2016 Sep; 196(3):727-33. PMID: 27117443.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Rosenkrantz AB, Ginocchio LA, Cornfeld D, Froemming AT, Gupta RT, Turkbey B, Westphalen AC, Babb JS, Margolis DJ. Interobserver Reproducibility of the PI-RADS Version 2 Lexicon: A Multicenter Study of Six Experienced Prostate Radiologists. Radiology. 2016 Sep; 280(3):793-804. PMID: 27035179; PMCID: PMC5006735 [Available on 09/01/17].
    20. Lin WC, Muglia VF, Silva GE, Chodraui Filho S, Reis RB, Westphalen AC. Multiparametric MRI of the prostate: diagnostic performance and interreader agreement of two scoring systems. Br J Radiol. 2016 Jun; 89(1062):20151056. PMID: 27007818.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Rosenkrantz AB, Oto A, Turkbey B, Westphalen AC. Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS), Version 2: A Critical Look. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jun; 206(6):1179-83. PMID: 26913638.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Bonde AA, Korngold EK, Foster BR, Westphalen AC, Pettersson DR, Troxell ML, Simko JP, Coakley FV. Prostate cancer with a pseudocapsule at MR imaging: a marker of high grade and stage disease? Clin Imaging. 2016 May-Jun; 40(3):365-9. PMID: 27133669; PMCID: PMC4853654 [Available on 05/01/17].
    23. Westphalen AC, Noworolski SM, Harisinghani M, Jhaveri KS, Raman SS, Rosenkrantz AB, Wang ZJ, Zagoria RJ, Kurhanewicz J. High-Resolution 3-T Endorectal Prostate MRI: A Multireader Study of Radiologist Preference and Perceived Interpretive Quality of 2D and 3D T2-Weighted Fast Spin-Echo MR Images. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jan; 206(1):86-91. PMID: 26491891; PMCID: PMC4721575.
    24. Wu EH, Wojciechowski D, Chandran S, Yeh BM, Park M, Westphalen A, Wang ZJ. Prevalence of abdominal aortic calcifications in older living renal donors and its effect on graft function and histology. Transpl Int. 2015 Oct; 28(10):1172-8. PMID: 26011061.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Sebro R, Aslam R, Muglia VF, Wang ZJ, Westphalen AC. Low yield of chemical shift MRI for characterization of adrenal lesions with high attenuation density on unenhanced CT. Abdom Imaging. 2015 Feb; 40(2):318-26. PMID: 25095753.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Muglia VF, Westphalen AC. Bosniak classification for complex renal cysts: history and critical analysis. Radiol Bras. 2014 Nov-Dec; 47(6):368-73. PMID: 25741120; PMCID: PMC4341374.
    27. Flavell RR, Westphalen AC, Liang C, Sotto CC, Noworolski SM, Vigneron DB, Wang ZJ, Kurhanewicz J. Abnormal findings on multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging predict subsequent biopsy upgrade in patients with low risk prostate cancer managed with active surveillance. Abdom Imaging. 2014 Oct; 39(5):1027-35. PMID: 24740760; PMCID: PMC4169752.
    28. Herr K, Muglia VF, Koff WJ, Westphalen AC. Imaging of the adrenal gland lesions. Radiol Bras. 2014 Jul-Aug; 47(4):228-39. PMID: 25741090; PMCID: PMC4337123.
    29. Anwar M, Westphalen AC, Jung AJ, Noworolski SM, Simko JP, Kurhanewicz J, Roach M, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Role of endorectal MR imaging and MR spectroscopic imaging in defining treatable intraprostatic tumor foci in prostate cancer: quantitative analysis of imaging contour compared to whole-mount histopathology. Radiother Oncol. 2014 Feb; 110(2):303-8. PMID: 24444524; PMCID: PMC3969841.
    30. Westphalen AC, Rosenkrantz AB. Prostate imaging reporting and data system (PI-RADS): reflections on early experience with a standardized interpretation scheme for multiparametric prostate MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Jan; 202(1):121-3. PMID: 24370136.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Jung AJ, Westphalen AC, Kurhanewicz J, Wang ZJ, Carroll PR, Simko JP, Coakley FV. Clinical utility of endorectal MRI-guided prostate biopsy: preliminary experience. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Aug; 40(2):314-23. PMID: 24924999; PMCID: PMC4059791.
    32. Zhang VY, Westphalen A, Delos Santos L, Tabatabai ZL, Shinohara K, Vigneron DB, Kurhanewicz J. The role of metabolic imaging in radiation therapy of prostate cancer. NMR Biomed. 2014 Jan; 27(1):100-11. PMID: 23940096; PMCID: PMC3864570.
    33. Wang W, Wang ZJ, Webb EM, Westphalen AC, Gross AJ, Yeh BM. Omental infarction preceded by anatomically upturned omentum. Clin Imaging. 2013 Nov-Dec; 37(6):1125-7. PMID: 23932388.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Ellis S, Rieke V, Kohi M, Westphalen AC. Clinical applications for magnetic resonance guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MRgHIFU): present and future. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 2013 Aug; 57(4):391-9. PMID: 23870333.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Leitão CB, Peixoto EM, Westphalen AC, Mireles-Zavala LG, Lauriola V, Bernetti K, Corrales A, Ricordi C, Alejandro R. Liver fat accumulation after islet transplantation and graft survival. Cell Transplant. 2014; 23(10):1221-7. PMID: 23803321.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Chang ST, Westphalen AC, Jha P, Jung AJ, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J, Coakley FV. Endorectal MRI and MR spectroscopic imaging of prostate cancer: developing selection criteria for MR-guided focal therapy. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2014 Mar; 39(3):519-25. PMID: 23681669; PMCID: PMC3748229.
    37. Olorunsola OG, Kohi MP, Fidelman N, Westphalen AC, Kolli PK, Taylor AG, Gordon RL, LaBerge JM, Kerlan RK. Caval penetration by retrievable inferior vena cava filters: a retrospective comparison of Option and Günther Tulip filters. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013 Apr; 24(4):566-71. PMID: 23462065.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Webb EM, Wang ZJ, Westphalen AC, Nakakura EK, Coakley FV, Yeh BM. Can CT features differentiate between inferior vena cava leiomyosarcomas and primary retroperitoneal masses? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Jan; 200(1):205-9. PMID: 23255763.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Jung AJ, Westphalen AC. Imaging prostate cancer. Radiol Clin North Am. 2012 Nov; 50(6):1043-59. PMID: 23122037.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Sai V, Rakow-Penner R, Yeh BM, Coakley FV, Westphalen AC, Webb EM, Wang ZJ. Renal cyst pseudoenhancement at 16- and 64-dector row MDCT. Clin Imaging. 2013 May-Jun; 37(3):520-5. PMID: 23102928.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Nakano Junqueira VC, Zogbi O, Cologna A, Dos Reis RB, Tucci S, Reis LO, Westphalen AC, Muglia VF. Is a visible (hypoechoic) lesion at biopsy an independent predictor of prostate cancer outcome? Ultrasound Med Biol. 2012 Oct; 38(10):1689-94. PMID: 22920545.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Jung AJ, Coakley FV, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J, Cowan JE, Westphalen AC. Local staging of prostate cancer: comparative accuracy of T2-weighted endorectal MR imaging and transrectal ultrasound. Clin Imaging. 2012 Sep-Oct; 36(5):547-52. PMID: 22920360; PMCID: PMC3694423.
    43. Sai VF, Velayos F, Neuhaus J, Westphalen AC. Colonoscopy after CT diagnosis of diverticulitis to exclude colon cancer: a systematic literature review. Radiology. 2012 May; 263(2):383-90. PMID: 22517956; PMCID: PMC3329267.
    44. Westphalen AC, Reed GD, Vinh PP, Sotto C, Vigneron DB, Kurhanewicz J. Multiparametric 3T endorectal mri after external beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2012 Aug; 36(2):430-7. PMID: 22535708; PMCID: PMC3565567.
    45. Arrayeh E, Westphalen AC, Kurhanewicz J, Roach M, Jung AJ, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Does local recurrence of prostate cancer after radiation therapy occur at the site of primary tumor? Results of a longitudinal MRI and MRSI study. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2012 Apr 01; 82(5):e787-93. PMID: 22331003; PMCID: PMC3285390.
    46. Liu YI, Jha P, Wang ZJ, Yeh BM, Poder L, Westphalen AC, Coakley FV. Abdominal complications of chemotherapy: findings at computed tomography. Clin Imaging. 2012 Jan-Feb; 36(1):54-60. PMID: 22226444.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Westphalen AC. Diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma with CT hounsfield unit thresholds. Radiology. 2012 Jan; 262(1):370-1; author reply 371-2. PMID: 22190664.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Muglia VF, Westphalen AC, Wang ZJ, Kurhanewicz J, Carroll PR, Coakley FV. Endorectal MRI of prostate cancer: incremental prognostic importance of gross locally advanced disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Dec; 197(6):1369-74. PMID: 22109291; PMCID: PMC3703946.
    49. Ordovás KG, Newman TB, Westphalen AC. Predicting major coronary events with coronary calcium scoring and coronary CT angiography. Radiology. 2011 Nov; 261(2):661-2; author reply 662-3. PMID: 22012911.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Webb EM, Nguyen A, Wang ZJ, Stengel JW, Westphalen AC, Coakley FV. The negative appendectomy rate: who benefits from preoperative CT? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Oct; 197(4):861-6. PMID: 21940573.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Westphalen AC, Koff WJ, Coakley FV, Muglia VF, Neuhaus JM, Marcus RT, Kurhanewicz J, Smith-Bindman R. Prostate cancer: prediction of biochemical failure after external-beam radiation therapy--Kattan nomogram and endorectal MR imaging estimation of tumor volume. Radiology. 2011 Nov; 261(2):477-86. PMID: 21873255; PMCID: PMC3198223.
    52. Chitkara M, Westphalen A, Kurhanewicz J, Qayyum A, Poder L, Reed G, Coakley FV. Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of benign prostatic tissue: findings at 3.0 T compared to 1.5 T-initial experience. Clin Imaging. 2011 Jul-Aug; 35(4):288-93. PMID: 21724122; PMCID: PMC3721318.
    53. Westphalen AC, Hsia RY, Maselli JH, Wang R, Gonzales R. Radiological imaging of patients with suspected urinary tract stones: national trends, diagnoses, and predictors. Acad Emerg Med. 2011 Jul; 18(7):699-707. PMID: 21762233; PMCID: PMC3140067.
    54. Kumbhani SR, Coakley FV, McCulloch CE, Wang ZJ, Kurhanewicz J, Roach M, Westphalen AC. Endorectal MRI after radiation therapy: questioning the sextant analysis. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 May; 33(5):1086-90. PMID: 21509865; PMCID: PMC3081102.
    55. Durack JC, Westphalen AC, Kekulawela S, Bhanu SB, Avrin DE, Gordon RL, Kerlan RK. Perforation of the IVC: rule rather than exception after longer indwelling times for the Günther Tulip and Celect retrievable filters. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2012 Apr; 35(2):299-308. PMID: 21448771.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Shin DS, Poder L, Courtier J, Naeger DM, Westphalen AC, Coakley FV. CT and MRI of early intrauterine pregnancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Feb; 196(2):325-30. PMID: 21257883.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Song G, Joe BN, Yeh BM, Meng MV, Westphalen AC, Coakley FV. Risk of catecholamine crisis in patients undergoing resection of unsuspected pheochromocytoma. Int Braz J Urol. 2011 Jan-Feb; 37(1):35-40;discussion 40-1. PMID: 21385478.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Courtier J, Poder L, Wang ZJ, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM, Coakley FV. Fetal tracheolaryngeal airway obstruction: prenatal evaluation by sonography and MRI. Pediatr Radiol. 2010 Nov; 40(11):1800-5. PMID: 20737145; PMCID: PMC2950274.
    59. Westphalen AC, Coakley FV, Roach M, McCulloch CE, Kurhanewicz J. Locally recurrent prostate cancer after external beam radiation therapy: diagnostic performance of 1.5-T endorectal MR imaging and MR spectroscopic imaging for detection. Radiology. 2010 Aug; 256(2):485-92. PMID: 20551184; PMCID: PMC2909433.
    60. Westphalen AC, Coakley FV, Joe BN. Radiological reasoning: 88-year-old man with abdominal pain and dilated biliary tree and pancreatic duct. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Jun; 194(6 Suppl):S46-50. PMID: 20489116.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Wang ZJ, Webb EM, Westphalen AC, Coakley FV, Yeh BM. Multi-detector row computed tomographic appearance of celiac ganglia. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010 May-Jun; 34(3):343-7. PMID: 20498533.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Jha P, Poder L, Wang ZJ, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM, Coakley FV. Radiologic mimics of cirrhosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Apr; 194(4):993-9. PMID: 20308502.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Schneider J, Zaid UB, Breyer BN, Yeh BM, Westphalen A, Coakley FV, Wang ZJ. Chyluria associated with radiofrequency ablation of renal cell carcinoma. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2010 Mar-Apr; 34(2):210-2. PMID: 20351506; PMCID: PMC3565619.
    64. Westphalen AC, Coakley FV, Kurhanewicz J, Reed G, Wang ZJ, Simko JP. Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate: MRI and MR spectroscopy features. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Sep; 193(3):W238-43. PMID: 19696265; PMCID: PMC2801739.
    65. Barajas RF, Yeh BM, Webb EM, Westphalen AC, Poder L, Coakley FV. Spectrum of CT findings in patients with atrial fibrillation and nontraumatic acute abdomen. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Aug; 193(2):485-92. PMID: 19620447.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Webb EM, Wang ZJ, Coakley FV, Poder L, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM. The equivocal appendix at CT: prevalence in a control population. Emerg Radiol. 2010 Jan; 17(1):57-61. PMID: 19597855; PMCID: PMC2773125.
    67. James AW, Rabl C, Westphalen AC, Fogarty PF, Posselt AM, Campos GM. Portomesenteric venous thrombosis after laparoscopic surgery: a systematic literature review. Arch Surg. 2009 Jun; 144(6):520-6. PMID: 19528384.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Webb EM, Joe BN, Coakley FV, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM. Appendiceal wall thickening at CT in asymptomatic patients with extraintestinal malignancy may mimic appendicitis. Clin Imaging. 2009 May-Jun; 33(3):200-3. PMID: 19411025.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Hunt SJ, Coakley FV, Webb EM, Westphalen AC, Poder L, Yeh BM. Computed tomography of the acute abdomen in patients with atrial fibrillation. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2009 Mar-Apr; 33(2):280-5. PMID: 19346859.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Westphalen AC, Kurhanewicz J, Cunha RM, Hsu IC, Kornak J, Zhao S, Coakley FV. T2-Weighted endorectal magnetic resonance imaging of prostate cancer after external beam radiation therapy. Int Braz J Urol. 2009 Mar-Apr; 35(2):171-80; discussion 181-2. PMID: 19409121; PMCID: PMC4532331.
    71. Qayyum A, Chen DM, Breiman RS, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM, Jones KD, Lu Y, Coakley FV, Callen PW. Evaluation of diffuse liver steatosis by ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging: which modality is best? Clin Imaging. 2009 Mar-Apr; 33(2):110-5. PMID: 19237053; PMCID: PMC2743961.
    72. Khademi S, Westphalen AC, Webb EM, Joe BN, Badiee S, Hawkins RA, Coakley FV. Frequency and etiology of solitary hot spots in the pelvis at whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging. Clin Imaging. 2009 Jan-Feb; 33(1):44-8. PMID: 19135929; PMCID: PMC2743966.
    73. Yeh BM, Coakley FV, Webb EM, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Way LW. Evaluation of the biliary intestinal limb of a Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy using computed tomographic cholangiography. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2008 Nov-Dec; 32(6):886-9. PMID: 19204449; PMCID: PMC2743967.
    74. Bahl M, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Noworolski SM, Chu PW, Ferrell L, Tien PC, Bass NM, Merriman RB. Liver steatosis: investigation of opposed-phase T1-weighted liver MR signal intensity loss and visceral fat measurement as biomarkers. Radiology. 2008 Oct; 249(1):160-6. PMID: 18796674; PMCID: PMC2657853.
    75. Campos GM, Rabl C, Mulligan K, Posselt A, Rogers SJ, Westphalen AC, Lin F, Vittinghoff E. Factors associated with weight loss after gastric bypass. Arch Surg. 2008 Sep; 143(9):877-883; discussion 884. PMID: 18794426; PMCID: PMC2747804.
    76. Joseph T, McKenna DA, Westphalen AC, Coakley FV, Zhao S, Lu Y, Hsu IC, Roach M, Kurhanewicz J. Pretreatment endorectal magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging features of prostate cancer as predictors of response to external beam radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2009 Mar 01; 73(3):665-71. PMID: 18760545; PMCID: PMC2737354.
    77. Telischak NA, Yeh BM, Joe BN, Westphalen AC, Poder L, Coakley FV. MRI of adnexal masses in pregnancy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 Aug; 191(2):364-70. PMID: 18647903; PMCID: PMC2716084.
    78. Webb EM, Kleinhenz ME, Coakley FV, Chang CI, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM. Colonic wall redundancy at CT in patients with cystic fibrosis. Radiology. 2008 Sep; 248(3):869-75. PMID: 18647844.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Ellingson JJ, Coakley FV, Joe BN, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM. Computed tomographic distinction of perirenal liposarcoma from exophytic angiomyolipoma: a feature analysis study. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2008 Jul-Aug; 32(4):548-52. PMID: 18664840; PMCID: PMC2748260.
    80. Yeung VH, Pearl JM, Coakley FV, Joe BN, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM. Computed tomographic appearance of Prolene Hernia System and polypropylene mesh plug inguinal hernia repair. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2008 Jul-Aug; 32(4):529-32. PMID: 18664837.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Cabrera AR, Coakley FV, Westphalen AC, Lu Y, Zhao S, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J. Prostate cancer: is inapparent tumor at endorectal MR and MR spectroscopic imaging a favorable prognostic finding in patients who select active surveillance? Radiology. 2008 May; 247(2):444-50. PMID: 18430877; PMCID: PMC3705558.
    82. Westphalen AC, McKenna DA, Kurhanewicz J, Coakley FV. Role of magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging before and after radiotherapy for prostate cancer. J Endourol. 2008 Apr; 22(4):789-94. PMID: 18366322; PMCID: PMC2745629.
    83. Yeh BM, Joe BN, Sirlin CB, Webb EM, Westphalen AC, Qayyum A, Coakley FV. Vascular contact with soft tissue: a sign of mesenteric masses at computed tomography. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2008 Mar-Apr; 32(2):185-90. PMID: 18379299; PMCID: PMC2724062.
    84. Keedy A, Westphalen AC, Qayyum A, Aslam R, Rybkin AV, Chen MH, Coakley FV. Diagnosis of cirrhosis by spiral computed tomography: a case-control study with feature analysis and assessment of interobserver agreement. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2008 Mar-Apr; 32(2):198-203. PMID: 18379301; PMCID: PMC2744373.
    85. McKenna DA, Coakley FV, Westphalen AC, Zhao S, Lu Y, Webb EM, Pickett B, Roach M, Kurhanewicz J. Prostate cancer: role of pretreatment MR in predicting outcome after external-beam radiation therapy--initial experience. Radiology. 2008 Apr; 247(1):141-6. PMID: 18258811; PMCID: PMC3694427.
    86. Westphalen AC, Coakley FV, Qayyum A, Swanson M, Simko JP, Lu Y, Zhao S, Carroll PR, Yeh BM, Kurhanewicz J. Peripheral zone prostate cancer: accuracy of different interpretative approaches with MR and MR spectroscopic imaging. Radiology. 2008 Jan; 246(1):177-84. PMID: 18024434.
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    87. Chu LL, Joe BN, Westphalen AC, Webb EM, Coakley FV, Yeh BM. Patient-specific time to peak abdominal organ enhancement varies with time to peak aortic enhancement at MR imaging. Radiology. 2007 Dec; 245(3):779-87. PMID: 17911535.
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    88. Ching BH, Yeh BM, Westphalen AC, Joe BN, Qayyum A, Coakley FV. CT differentiation of adenomyomatosis and gallbladder cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Jul; 189(1):62-6. PMID: 17579153.
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    89. Arora SS, Breiman RS, Webb EM, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM, Coakley FV. CT and MRI of congenital anomalies of the seminal vesicles. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Jul; 189(1):130-5. PMID: 17579162.
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    90. Costouros NG, Coakley FV, Westphalen AC, Qayyum A, Yeh BM, Joe BN, Kurhanewicz J. Diagnosis of prostate cancer in patients with an elevated prostate-specific antigen level: role of endorectal MRI and MR spectroscopic imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Mar; 188(3):812-6. PMID: 17312072.
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    91. Westphalen AC, Qayyum A, Yeh BM, Merriman RB, Lee JA, Lamba A, Lu Y, Coakley FV. Liver fat: effect of hepatic iron deposition on evaluation with opposed-phase MR imaging. Radiology. 2007 Feb; 242(2):450-5. PMID: 17255416.
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    92. Yeh BM, Coakley FV, Westphalen AC, Joe BN, Freise CE, Qayyum A, McTaggart RA, Roberts JP. Predicting biliary complications in right lobe liver transplant recipients according to distance between donor's bile duct and corresponding hepatic artery. Radiology. 2007 Jan; 242(1):144-51. PMID: 17185665.
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    93. Coakley FV, Chen I, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Carroll PR, Hricak H, Chen MH, Kurhanewicz J. Validity of prostate-specific antigen as a tumour marker in men with prostate cancer managed by watchful-waiting: correlation with findings at serial endorectal magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopic imaging. BJU Int. 2007 Jan; 99(1):41-5. PMID: 17227490.
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    94. Hom JJ, Coakley FV, Simko JP, Lu Y, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Schmitt LD, Carroll PR, Kurhanewicz J. High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia in patients with prostate cancer: MR and MR spectroscopic imaging features--initial experience. Radiology. 2007 Feb; 242(2):483-9. PMID: 17179396.
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    95. Rafaelian O, Coakley FV, Qayyum A, Breiman RS, Yeh BM, Joe BN, Westphalen AC, Feng S. Magnetic resonance imaging of hepatocellular carcinoma mimicking focal nodular hyperplasia: a potential pitfall in patients with cirrhosis? J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2006 Sep-Oct; 30(5):796-9. PMID: 16954932.
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    96. Qayyum A, Coakley FV, Westphalen AC, Hricak H, Okuno WT, Powell B. Role of CT and MR imaging in predicting optimal cytoreduction of newly diagnosed primary epithelial ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol. 2005 Feb; 96(2):301-6. PMID: 15661212.
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    97. Lipson JA, Qayyum A, Avrin DE, Westphalen A, Yeh BM, Coakley FV. CT and MRI of hepatic contour abnormalities. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Jan; 184(1):75-81. PMID: 15615954.
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    98. Westphalen A, Yeh B, Qayyum A, Hari A, Coakley FV. Differential diagnosis of perinephric masses on CT and MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Dec; 183(6):1697-702. PMID: 15547211.
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    99. Qayyum A, Graser A, Westphalen A, Merriman RB, Ferrell LD, Yeh BM, Coakley FV. CT of benign hypervascular liver nodules in autoimmune hepatitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Dec; 183(6):1573-6. PMID: 15547193.
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    100. Eyer BA, Qayyum A, Westphalen AC, Yeh BM, Joe BN, Coakley FV. Peritoneal coccidioidomycosis: a potential CT mimic of peritoneal malignancy. Abdom Imaging. 2004 Jul-Aug; 29(4):505-6. PMID: 15024511.
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