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    Caryn Bern, MD, MPH

    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentEpidemiology & Biostatistics
    Address550 16th. Street
    San Francisco CA 94158
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      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Interests
      Chagas disease, visceral leishmaniasis, epidemiology, control, pathogenesis, diagnosis

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Global Health

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Halperin A, Pajuelo M, Tornheim JA, Vu N, Carnero AM, Galdos-Cardenas G, Ferrufino L, Camacho M, Justiniano J, Colanzi R, Bowman NM, Morris T, MacDougall H, Bern C, Moore ST, Gilman RH. Pupillary Light Reflexes are Associated with Autonomic Dysfunction in Bolivian Diabetics But Not Chagas Disease Patients. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Jun 1; 94(6):1290-8. PMID: 27044564.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Yauri V, Castro-Sesquen YE, Verastegui M, Angulo N, Recuenco F, Cabello I, Malaga E, Bern C, Gavidia CM, Gilman RH. Domestic Pig (Sus scrofa) as an Animal Model for Experimental Trypanosoma cruzi Infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 May 4; 94(5):1020-7. PMID: 26928841.
        View in: PubMed
      3. McAtee CL, Webman R, Gilman RH, Mejia C, Bern C, Apaza S, Espetia S, Pajuelo M, Saito M, Challappa R, Soria R, Ribera JP, Lozano D, Torrico F. Burden of Norovirus and Rotavirus in Children After Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Jan 6; 94(1):212-7. PMID: 26598569.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Ballard SB, Saito M, Mirelman AJ, Bern C, Gilman RH. Tropical and travel-associated norovirus: current concepts. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2015 Oct; 28(5):408-16. PMID: 26237546; PMCID: PMC4635028.
      5. Bern C. Reply to Henao-Martínez, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Feb 1; 62(3):408. PMID: 26420799.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Sherbuk JE, Okamoto EE, Marks MA, Fortuny E, Clark EH, Galdos-Cardenas G, Vasquez-Villar A, Fernandez AB, Crawford TC, Do RQ, Flores-Franco JL, Colanzi R, Gilman RH, Bern C. Biomarkers and Mortality in Severe Chagas Cardiomyopathy. Glob Heart. 2015 Sep; 10(3):173-80. PMID: 26407513; PMCID: PMC4586047 [Available on 09/01/16].
      7. Fernandez AB, Nunes MC, Clark EH, Samuels A, Menacho S, Gomez J, Bozo Gutierrez RW, Crawford TC, Gilman RH, Bern C. Electrocardiographic and Echocardiographic Abnormalities in Chagas Disease: Findings in Residents of Rural Bolivian Communities Hyperendemic for Chagas Disease. Glob Heart. 2015 Sep; 10(3):159-66. PMID: 26407511; PMCID: PMC4586045 [Available on 09/01/16].
      8. Yager JE, Lozano Beltran DF, Torrico F, Gilman RH, Bern C. Prevalence of Chagas Heart Disease in a Region Endemic for Trypanosoma Cruzi: Evidence From a Central Bolivian Community. Glob Heart. 2015 Sep; 10(3):145-50. PMID: 26407509; PMCID: PMC4586035 [Available on 09/01/16].
      9. Messenger LA, Miles MA, Bern C. Between a bug and a hard place: Trypanosoma cruzi genetic diversity and the clinical outcomes of Chagas disease. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2015 Aug; 13(8):995-1029. PMID: 26162928.
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      10. Bern C. Chagas' Disease. N Engl J Med. 2015 Jul 30; 373(5):456-66. PMID: 26222561.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Alroy KA, Huang C, Gilman RH, Quispe-Machaca VR, Marks MA, Ancca-Juarez J, Hillyard M, Verastegui M, Sanchez G, Cabrera L, Vidal E, Billig EM, Cama VA, Náquira C, Bern C, Levy MZ. Correction: Prevalence and Transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in People of Rural Communities of the High Jungle of Northern Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Jul; 9(7):e0003910. PMID: 26147779; PMCID: PMC4492981.
      12. Reis-Cunha JL, Rodrigues-Luiz GF, Valdivia HO, Baptista RP, Mendes TA, de Morais GL, Guedes R, Macedo AM, Bern C, Gilman RH, Lopez CT, Andersson B, Vasconcelos AT, Bartholomeu DC. Chromosomal copy number variation reveals differential levels of genomic plasticity in distinct Trypanosoma cruzi strains. BMC Genomics. 2015; 16:499. PMID: 26141959; PMCID: PMC4491234.
      13. Kaplinski M, Jois M, Galdos-Cardenas G, Rendell VR, Shah V, Do RQ, Marcus R, Burroughs Pena MS, Del Carmen Abastoflor M, LaFuente C, Bozo R, Valencia E, Verastegui M, Colanzi R, Gilman RH, Bern C. Sustained Domestic Vector Exposure Is Associated With Increased Chagas Cardiomyopathy Risk but Decreased Parasitemia and Congenital Transmission Risk Among Young Women in Bolivia. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Sep 15; 61(6):918-26. PMID: 26063720; PMCID: PMC4551010 [Available on 09/15/16].
      14. Lora MH, Reimer-McAtee MJ, Gilman RH, Lozano D, Saravia R, Pajuelo M, Bern C, Castro R, Espinoza M, Vallejo M, Solano M, Challapa R, Torrico F. Evaluation of Microscopic Observation Drug Susceptibility (MODS) and the string test for rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV/AIDS patients in Bolivia. BMC Infect Dis. 2015; 15:222. PMID: 26047953; PMCID: PMC4458042.
      15. Alroy KA, Huang C, Gilman RH, Quispe-Machaca VR, Marks MA, Ancca-Juarez J, Hillyard M, Verastegui M, Sanchez G, Cabrera L, Vidal E, Billig EM, Cama VA, Náquira C, Bern C, Levy MZ. Prevalence and Transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in People of Rural Communities of the High Jungle of Northern Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 May; 9(5):e0003779. PMID: 26000770; PMCID: PMC4441511.
      16. Castillo-Neyra R, Chou Chu L, Quispe-Machaca V, Ancca-Juarez J, Malaga Chavez FS, Bastos Mazuelos M, Naquira C, Bern C, Gilman RH, Levy MZ. The potential of canine sentinels for reemerging Trypanosoma cruzi transmission. Prev Vet Med. 2015 Jul 1; 120(3-4):349-56. PMID: 25962956; PMCID: PMC4657134 [Available on 07/01/16].
      17. Rendell VR, Gilman RH, Valencia E, Galdos-Cardenas G, Verastegui M, Sanchez L, Acosta J, Sanchez G, Ferrufino L, LaFuente C, Abastoflor Mdel C, Colanzi R, Bern C. Trypanosoma cruzi-infected pregnant women without vector exposure have higher parasitemia levels: implications for congenital transmission risk. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0119527. PMID: 25807498; PMCID: PMC4373803.
      18. Bern CR, Chadwick OA, Kendall C, Pribil MJ. Steep spatial gradients of volcanic and marine sulfur in Hawaiian rainfall and ecosystems. Sci Total Environ. 2015 May 1; 514:250-60. PMID: 25666285.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Clark EH, Marks MA, Gilman RH, Fernandez AB, Crawford TC, Samuels AM, Hidron AI, Galdos-Cardenas G, Menacho-Mendez GS, Bozo-Gutierrez RW, Martin DL, Bern C. Circulating serum markers and QRS scar score in Chagas cardiomyopathy. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Jan; 92(1):39-44. PMID: 25385865; PMCID: PMC4347387 [Available on 01/07/16].
      20. Castro-Sesquen YE, Gilman RH, Galdos-Cardenas G, Ferrufino L, Sánchez G, Valencia Ayala E, Liotta L, Bern C, Luchini A. Use of a novel chagas urine nanoparticle test (chunap) for diagnosis of congenital chagas disease. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Oct; 8(10):e3211. PMID: 25275534; PMCID: PMC4183489.
      21. Okamoto EE, Sherbuk JE, Clark EH, Marks MA, Gandarilla O, Galdos-Cardenas G, Vasquez-Villar A, Choi J, Crawford TC, Do RQ, Q R, Fernandez AB, Colanzi R, Flores-Franco JL, Gilman RH, Bern C. Biomarkers in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected and uninfected individuals with varying severity of cardiomyopathy in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Oct; 8(10):e3227. PMID: 25275382; PMCID: PMC4183477.
      22. Shah V, Ferrufino L, Gilman RH, Ramirez M, Saenza E, Malaga E, Sanchez G, Okamoto EE, Sherbuck JE, Clark EH, Galdos-Cardenas G, Bozo R, Flores-Franco JL, Colanzi R, Verastegui M, Bern C. Field evaluation of the InBios chagas detect plus rapid test in serum and whole-blood specimens in Bolivia. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2014 Dec; 21(12):1645-9. PMID: 25274804; PMCID: PMC4248774.
      23. Watkins ER, Shamasunder S, Cascino T, White KL, Katrak S, Bern C, Schwartz BS. Visceral leishmaniasis-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in a traveler returning from a pilgrimage to the Camino de Santiago. J Travel Med. 2014 Nov-Dec; 21(6):429-32. PMID: 25145768.
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      24. Sterling R, Checkley W, Gilman RH, Cabrera L, Sterling CR, Bern C, Miranda JJ. Beyond birth-weight: early growth and adolescent blood pressure in a Peruvian population. PeerJ. 2014; 2:e381. PMID: 25024902; PMCID: PMC4081287.
      25. Clark EH, Sherbuk J, Okamoto E, Jois M, Galdos-Cardenas G, Vela-Guerra J, Menacho-Mendez GS, Bozo-Gutierrez RW, Fernandez AB, Crawford TC, Colanzi R, Gilman RH, Bern C. Hyperendemic Chagas disease and the unmet need for pacemakers in the Bolivian Chaco. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014 Jun; 8(6):e2801. PMID: 24901942; PMCID: PMC4046936.
      26. Martin DL, Marks M, Galdos-Cardenas G, Gilman RH, Goodhew B, Ferrufino L, Halperin A, Sanchez G, Verastegui M, Escalante P, Naquira C, Levy MZ, Bern C. Regional variation in the correlation of antibody and T-cell responses to Trypanosoma cruzi. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Jun; 90(6):1074-81. PMID: 24710614; PMCID: PMC4047731.
      27. Saito M, Goel-Apaza S, Espetia S, Velasquez D, Cabrera L, Loli S, Crabtree JE, Black RE, Kosek M, Checkley W, Zimic M, Bern C, Cama V, Gilman RH. Multiple norovirus infections in a birth cohort in a Peruvian Periurban community. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Feb; 58(4):483-91. PMID: 24300042; PMCID: PMC3905757.
      28. Argaw D, Mulugeta A, Herrero M, Nombela N, Teklu T, Tefera T, Belew Z, Alvar J, Bern C. Risk factors for visceral Leishmaniasis among residents and migrants in Kafta-Humera, Ethiopia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 Nov; 7(11):e2543. PMID: 24244778; PMCID: PMC3820755.
      29. Mendes TA, Reis Cunha JL, de Almeida Lourdes R, Rodrigues Luiz GF, Lemos LD, dos Santos AR, da Câmara AC, Galvão LM, Bern C, Gilman RH, Fujiwara RT, Gazzinelli RT, Bartholomeu DC. Identification of strain-specific B-cell epitopes in Trypanosoma cruzi using genome-scale epitope prediction and high-throughput immunoscreening with peptide arrays. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(10):e2524. PMID: 24205430; PMCID: PMC3814679.
      30. Edwards MS, Rench MA, Todd CW, Czaicki N, Steurer FJ, Bern C, Montgomery SP. Perinatal Screening for Chagas Disease in Southern Texas. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Mar; 4(1):67-70. PMID: 26407360.
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      31. Tornheim JA, Lozano Beltran DF, Gilman RH, Castellon M, Solano Mercado MA, Sullca W, Torrico F, Bern C. Improved completion rates and characterization of drug reactions with an intensive Chagas disease treatment program in rural Bolivia. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(9):e2407. PMID: 24069472; PMCID: PMC3777865.
      32. Roellig DM, Gomez-Puerta LA, Mead DG, Pinto J, Ancca-Juarez J, Calderon M, Bern C, Gilman RH, Cama VA. Hemi-nested PCR and RFLP methodologies for identifying blood meals of the Chagas disease vector, Triatoma infestans. PLoS One. 2013; 8(9):e74713. PMID: 24040328; PMCID: PMC3770599.
      33. Samuels AM, Clark EH, Galdos-Cardenas G, Wiegand RE, Ferrufino L, Menacho S, Gil J, Spicer J, Budde J, Levy MZ, Bozo RW, Gilman RH, Bern C. Epidemiology of and impact of insecticide spraying on Chagas disease in communities in the Bolivian Chaco. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(8):e2358. PMID: 23936581; PMCID: PMC3731239.
      34. Islam S, Kenah E, Bhuiyan MA, Rahman KM, Goodhew B, Ghalib CM, Zahid MM, Ozaki M, Rahman MW, Haque R, Luby SP, Maguire JH, Martin D, Bern C. Clinical and immunological aspects of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis in Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Aug; 89(2):345-53. PMID: 23817330; PMCID: PMC3741258.
      35. Castro-Sesquen YE, Gilman RH, Yauri V, Cok J, Angulo N, Escalante H, Bern C. Detection of soluble antigen and DNA of Trypanosoma cruzi in urine is independent of renal injury in the guinea pig model. PLoS One. 2013; 8(3):e58480. PMID: 23520515; PMCID: PMC3592799.
      36. Castro-Sesquen YE, Gilman RH, Paico H, Yauri V, Angulo N, Ccopa F, Bern C. Cell death and serum markers of collagen metabolism during cardiac remodeling in Cavia porcellus experimentally infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(2):e1996. PMID: 23409197; PMCID: PMC3566988.
      37. Yangzom T, Cruz I, Bern C, Argaw D, den Boer M, Vélez ID, Bhattacharya SK, Molina R, Alvar J. Endemic transmission of visceral leishmaniasis in Bhutan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Dec; 87(6):1028-37. PMID: 23091191; PMCID: PMC3516070.
      38. Tustin AW, Small DS, Delgado S, Neyra RC, Verastegui MR, Ancca Juárez JM, Quispe Machaca VR, Gilman RH, Bern C, Levy MZ. Use of Individual-level Covariates to Improve Latent Class Analysis of Trypanosoma Cruzi Diagnostic Tests. Epidemiol Method. 2012 Aug; 1(1):33-54. PMID: 24083130.
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      39. Bern C. Chagas disease in the immunosuppressed host. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2012 Aug; 25(4):450-7. PMID: 22614520.
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      40. Alvar J, Vélez ID, Bern C, Herrero M, Desjeux P, Cano J, Jannin J, den Boer M. Leishmaniasis worldwide and global estimates of its incidence. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e35671. PMID: 22693548; PMCID: PMC3365071.
      41. Bennett A, Epstein LD, Gilman RH, Cama V, Bern C, Cabrera L, Lescano AG, Patz J, Carcamo C, Sterling CR, Checkley W. Effects of the 1997-1998 El Niño episode on community rates of diarrhea. Am J Public Health. 2012 Jul; 102(7):e63-9. PMID: 22594750; PMCID: PMC3478018.
      42. Sterling R, Miranda JJ, Gilman RH, Cabrera L, Sterling CR, Bern C, Checkley W. Early anthropometric indices predict short stature and overweight status in a cohort of Peruvians in early adolescence. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2012 Jul; 148(3):451-61. PMID: 22552904; PMCID: PMC4013683.
      43. Pinto J, Roellig DM, Gilman RH, Calderón M, Bartra C, Salazar R, Bern C, Ancca-Juárez J, Levy M, Náquira C, Cama V. Temporal differences in blood meal detection from the midguts of Triatoma infestans. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2012 Mar-Apr; 54(2):83-7. PMID: 22499421.
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      44. Li W, Cama V, Feng Y, Gilman RH, Bern C, Zhang X, Xiao L. Population genetic analysis of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in humans. Int J Parasitol. 2012; 42(3):287-93. PMID: 22534008.
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      45. Hunter GC, Borrini-Mayorí K, Ancca Juárez J, Castillo Neyra R, Verastegui MR, Malaga Chavez FS, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Córdova Benzaquen E, Náquira C, Gilman RH, Bern C, Levy MZ. A field trial of alternative targeted screening strategies for Chagas disease in Arequipa, Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2012 Jan; 6(1):e1468. PMID: 22253939; PMCID: PMC3254655.
      46. Bern C, Kjos S, Yabsley MJ, Montgomery SP. Trypanosoma cruzi and Chagas' Disease in the United States. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2011 Oct; 24(4):655-81. PMID: 21976603; PMCID: PMC3194829.
      47. Levy MZ, Small DS, Vilhena DA, Bowman NM, Kawai V, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Cordova-Benzaquen E, Gilman RH, Bern C, Plotkin JB. Retracing micro-epidemics of Chagas disease using epicenter regression. PLoS Comput Biol. 2011 Sep; 7(9):e1002146. PMID: 21935346; PMCID: PMC3174153.
      48. Ozaki M, Islam S, Rahman KM, Rahman A, Luby SP, Bern C. Economic consequences of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis in a rural Bangladeshi community. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Sep; 85(3):528-34. PMID: 21896817; PMCID: PMC3163879.
      49. Choudhary MM, Metcalfe MG, Arrambide K, Bern C, Visvesvara GS, Pieniazek NJ, Bandea RD, Deleon-Carnes M, Adem P, Choudhary MM, Zaki SR, Saeed MU. Tubulinosema sp. microsporidian myositis in immunosuppressed patient. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep; 17(9):1727-30. PMID: 21888805; PMCID: PMC3322067.
      50. Islam S, Ashraful Alam Bhuiyan M, Bern C. Post-Kala-Azar dermal leishmaniasis in Mymensingh, Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Aug; 85(2):193-4. PMID: 21813832; PMCID: PMC3144810.
      51. Bern C. Antitrypanosomal therapy for chronic Chagas' disease. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jun 30; 364(26):2527-34. PMID: 21714649.
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      52. Castro-Sesquen YE, Gilman RH, Yauri V, Angulo N, Verastegui M, Velásquez DE, Sterling CR, Martin D, Bern C. Cavia porcellus as a model for experimental infection by Trypanosoma cruzi. Am J Pathol. 2011 Jul; 179(1):281-8. PMID: 21703410; PMCID: PMC3123796.
      53. Chowdhury R, Dotson E, Blackstock AJ, McClintock S, Maheswary NP, Faria S, Islam S, Akter T, Kroeger A, Akhter S, Bern C. Comparison of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying to control the vector of visceral leishmaniasis in Mymensingh District, Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 May; 84(5):662-7. PMID: 21540372; PMCID: PMC3083730.
      54. Schwarz A, Juarez JA, Richards J, Rath B, Machaca VQ, Castro YE, Málaga ES, Levy K, Gilman RH, Bern C, Verastegui M, Levy MZ. Anti-triatomine saliva immunoassays for the evaluation of impregnated netting trials against Chagas disease transmission. Int J Parasitol. 2011 May; 41(6):591-4. PMID: 21426907; PMCID: PMC3118394.
      55. Chin-Hong PV, Schwartz BS, Bern C, Montgomery SP, Kontak S, Kubak B, Morris MI, Nowicki M, Wright C, Ison MG. Screening and treatment of chagas disease in organ transplant recipients in the United States: recommendations from the chagas in transplant working group. Am J Transplant. 2011 Apr; 11(4):672-80. PMID: 21401868.
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      56. Delgado S, Castillo Neyra R, Quispe Machaca VR, Ancca Juárez J, Chou Chu L, Verastegui MR, Moscoso Apaza GM, Bocángel CD, Tustin AW, Sterling CR, Comrie AC, Náquira C, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Gilman RH, Bern C, Levy MZ. A history of chagas disease transmission, control, and re-emergence in peri-rural La Joya, Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011; 5(2):e970. PMID: 21364970; PMCID: PMC3042997.
      57. Cañavate C, Herrero M, Nieto J, Cruz I, Chicharro C, Aparicio P, Mulugeta A, Argaw D, Blackstock AJ, Alvar J, Bern C. Evaluation of two rK39 dipstick tests, direct agglutination test, and indirect fluorescent antibody test for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in a new epidemic site in highland Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Jan; 84(1):102-6. PMID: 21212210; PMCID: PMC3005501.
      58. Bowman NM, Kawai V, Gilman RH, Bocangel C, Galdos-Cardenas G, Cabrera L, Levy MZ, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Delgado F, Rosenthal L, Pinedo-Cancino VV, Steurer F, Seitz AE, Maguire JH, Bern C. Autonomic dysfunction and risk factors associated with Trypanosoma cruzi infection among children in Arequipa, Peru. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Jan; 84(1):85-90. PMID: 21212207; PMCID: PMC3005523.
      59. Bern C, Martin DL, Gilman RH. Acute and congenital Chagas disease. Adv Parasitol. 2011; 75:19-47. PMID: 21820550.
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      60. Hidron AI, Gilman RH, Justiniano J, Blackstock AJ, Lafuente C, Selum W, Calderon M, Verastegui M, Ferrufino L, Valencia E, Tornheim JA, O'Neal S, Comer R, Galdos-Cardenas G, Bern C. Chagas cardiomyopathy in the context of the chronic disease transition. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010; 4(5):e688. PMID: 20502520; PMCID: PMC2872643.
      61. Priest JW, Kwon JP, Montgomery JM, Bern C, Moss DM, Freeman AR, Jones CC, Arrowood MJ, Won KY, Lammie PJ, Gilman RH, Mead JR. Cloning and characterization of the acidic ribosomal protein P2 of Cryptosporidium parvum, a new 17-kilodalton antigen. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010 Jun; 17(6):954-65. PMID: 20410328; PMCID: PMC2884433.
      62. Bern C, Courtenay O, Alvar J. Of cattle, sand flies and men: a systematic review of risk factor analyses for South Asian visceral leishmaniasis and implications for elimination. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010; 4(2):e599. PMID: 20161727; PMCID: PMC2817719.
      63. Rahman KM, Islam S, Rahman MW, Kenah E, Ghalib CM, Galive CM, Zahid MM, Maguire J, Rahman M, Haque R, Luby SP, Bern C. Increasing incidence of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis in a population-based study in Bangladesh. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 1; 50(1):73-6. PMID: 19951168.
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      64. Creek TL, Kim A, Lu L, Bowen A, Masunge J, Arvelo W, Smit M, Mach O, Legwaila K, Motswere C, Zaks L, Finkbeiner T, Povinelli L, Maruping M, Ngwaru G, Tebele G, Bopp C, Puhr N, Johnston SP, Dasilva AJ, Bern C, Beard RS, Davis MK. Hospitalization and mortality among primarily nonbreastfed children during a large outbreak of diarrhea and malnutrition in Botswana, 2006. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jan; 53(1):14-9. PMID: 19801943.
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      65. Bayer AM, Hunter GC, Gilman RH, Cornejo Del Carpio JG, Naquira C, Bern C, Levy MZ. Chagas disease, migration and community settlement patterns in Arequipa, Peru. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009; 3(12):e567. PMID: 20016830; PMCID: PMC2790340.
      66. Bern C, Verastegui M, Gilman RH, Lafuente C, Galdos-Cardenas G, Calderon M, Pacori J, Del Carmen Abastoflor M, Aparicio H, Brady MF, Ferrufino L, Angulo N, Marcus S, Sterling C, Maguire JH. Congenital Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Dec 1; 49(11):1667-74. PMID: 19877966.
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      67. Asnis D, Kazakov J, Toronjadze T, Bern C, Garcia HH, McAuliffe I, Bishop H, Lee L, Grossmann R, Garcia MA, Di John D. Neurocysticercosis in the infant of a pregnant mother with a tapeworm. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Sep; 81(3):449-51. PMID: 19706913.
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      68. Herrero M, Orfanos G, Argaw D, Mulugeta A, Aparicio P, Parreño F, Bernal O, Rubens D, Pedraza J, Lima MA, Flevaud L, Palma PP, Bashaye S, Alvar J, Bern C. Natural history of a visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in highland Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Sep; 81(3):373-7. PMID: 19706898.
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      69. Bern C, Montgomery SP. An estimate of the burden of Chagas disease in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1; 49(5):e52-4. PMID: 19640226.
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      70. Gascon J, Bern C, Pinazo MJ. Chagas disease in Spain, the United States and other non-endemic countries. Acta Trop. 2010 Jul-Aug; 115(1-2):22-7. PMID: 19646412.
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      71. Bashaye S, Nombela N, Argaw D, Mulugeta A, Herrero M, Nieto J, Chicharro C, Cañavate C, Aparicio P, Vélez ID, Alvar J, Bern C. Risk factors for visceral leishmaniasis in a new epidemic site in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Jul; 81(1):34-9. PMID: 19556563.
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      72. Levy MZ, Bowman NM, Kawai V, Plotkin JB, Waller LA, Cabrera L, Steurer F, Seitz AE, Pinedo-Cancino VV, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Cordova Benzaquen E, McKenzie FE, Maguire JH, Gilman RH, Bern C. Spatial patterns in discordant diagnostic test results for Chagas disease: links to transmission hotspots. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 15; 48(8):1104-6. PMID: 19278335; PMCID: PMC2766414.
      73. Verani JR, Seitz A, Gilman RH, LaFuente C, Galdos-Cardenas G, Kawai V, de LaFuente E, Ferrufino L, Bowman NM, Pinedo-Cancino V, Levy MZ, Steurer F, Todd CW, Kirchhoff LV, Cabrera L, Verastegui M, Bern C. Geographic variation in the sensitivity of recombinant antigen-based rapid tests for chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009 Mar; 80(3):410-5. PMID: 19270291.
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      74. Fitzwater S, Calderon M, Lafuente C, Galdos-Cardenas G, Ferrufino L, Verastegui M, Gilman RH, Bern C. Polymerase chain reaction for chronic Trypanosoma cruzi infection yields higher sensitivity in blood clot than buffy coat or whole blood specimens. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Nov; 79(5):768-70. PMID: 18981520.
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      75. Bern C, Maguire JH, Alvar J. Complexities of assessing the disease burden attributable to leishmaniasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2008; 2(10):e313. PMID: 18958165; PMCID: PMC2569207.
      76. Levy MZ, Quíspe-Machaca VR, Ylla-Velasquez JL, Waller LA, Richards JM, Rath B, Borrini-Mayori K, del Carpio JG, Cordova-Benzaquen E, McKenzie FE, Wirtz RA, Maguire JH, Gilman RH, Bern C. Impregnated netting slows infestation by Triatoma infestans. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008 Oct; 79(4):528-34. PMID: 18840739; PMCID: PMC2659296.
      77. Cama VA, Bern C, Roberts J, Cabrera L, Sterling CR, Ortega Y, Gilman RH, Xiao L. Cryptosporidium species and subtypes and clinical manifestations in children, Peru. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Oct; 14(10):1567-74. PMID: 18826821; PMCID: PMC2609889.
      78. Bern C, Montgomery SP, Katz L, Caglioti S, Stramer SL. Chagas disease and the US blood supply. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008 Oct; 21(5):476-82. PMID: 18725796.
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      79. Bern C, Montgomery SP. Recognizing and reducing the risks of Chagas disease in travelers. J Travel Med. 2008 Sep-Oct; 15(5):385; author reply 386. PMID: 19006520.
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      80. Hollm-Delgado MG, Gilman RH, Bern C, Cabrera L, Sterling CR, Black RE, Checkley W. Lack of an adverse effect of Giardia intestinalis infection on the health of Peruvian children. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Sep 15; 168(6):647-55. PMID: 18669932; PMCID: PMC2727197.
      81. Bowman NM, Kawai V, Levy MZ, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Cabrera L, Delgado F, Malaga F, Cordova Benzaquen E, Pinedo VV, Steurer F, Seitz AE, Gilman RH, Bern C. Chagas disease transmission in periurban communities of Arequipa, Peru. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jun 15; 46(12):1822-8. PMID: 18462104.
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      82. Levy MZ, Kawai V, Bowman NM, Waller LA, Cabrera L, Pinedo-Cancino VV, Seitz AE, Steurer FJ, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Cordova-Benzaquen E, Maguire JH, Gilman RH, Bern C. Targeted screening strategies to detect Trypanosoma cruzi infection in children. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2007; 1(3):e103. PMID: 18160979; PMCID: PMC2154390.
      83. Bern C, Montgomery SP, Herwaldt BL, Rassi A, Marin-Neto JA, Dantas RO, Maguire JH, Acquatella H, Morillo C, Kirchhoff LV, Gilman RH, Reyes PA, Salvatella R, Moore AC. Evaluation and treatment of chagas disease in the United States: a systematic review. JAMA. 2007 Nov 14; 298(18):2171-81. PMID: 18000201.
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      84. Oswald WE, Lescano AG, Bern C, Calderon MM, Cabrera L, Gilman RH. Fecal contamination of drinking water within peri-urban households, Lima, Peru. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Oct; 77(4):699-704. PMID: 17978074.
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      85. Alvar J, Bashaye S, Argaw D, Cruz I, Aparicio P, Kassa A, Orfanos G, Parreño F, Babaniyi O, Gudeta N, Cañavate C, Bern C. Kala-azar outbreak in Libo Kemkem, Ethiopia: epidemiologic and parasitologic assessment. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Aug; 77(2):275-82. PMID: 17690399.
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      86. Cama VA, Ross JM, Crawford S, Kawai V, Chavez-Valdez R, Vargas D, Vivar A, Ticona E, Navincopa M, Williamson J, Ortega Y, Gilman RH, Bern C, Xiao L. Differences in clinical manifestations among Cryptosporidium species and subtypes in HIV-infected persons. J Infect Dis. 2007 Sep 1; 196(5):684-91. PMID: 17674309.
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      87. Bern C, Haque R, Chowdhury R, Ali M, Kurkjian KM, Vaz L, Amann J, Wahed MA, Wagatsuma Y, Breiman RF, Williamson J, Secor WE, Maguire JH. The epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis and asymptomatic leishmanial infection in a highly endemic Bangladeshi village. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 May; 76(5):909-14. PMID: 17488915.
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      88. Nguyen PH, Nguyen KC, Le Mai B, Nguyen TV, Ha KH, Bern C, Flores R, Martorell R. Risk factors for anemia in Vietnam. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006 Nov; 37(6):1213-23. PMID: 17333780.
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      89. Alvar J, Yactayo S, Bern C. Leishmaniasis and poverty. Trends Parasitol. 2006 Dec; 22(12):552-7. PMID: 17023215.
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      90. Bern C, Amann J, Haque R, Chowdhury R, Ali M, Kurkjian KM, Vaz L, Wagatsuma Y, Breiman RF, Secor WE, Maguire JH. Loss of leishmanin skin test antigen sensitivity and potency in a longitudinal study of visceral leishmaniasis in Bangladesh. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Oct; 75(4):744-8. PMID: 17038705.
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      91. Nguyen PH, Nguyen KC, Nguyen TD, Le MB, Bern C, Flores R, Martorell R. Intestinal helminth infections among reproductive age women in Vietnam: prevalence, co-infection and risk factors. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006 Sep; 37(5):865-74. PMID: 17333727.
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      92. Levy MZ, Bowman NM, Kawai V, Waller LA, Cornejo del Carpio JG, Cordova Benzaquen E, Gilman RH, Bern C. Periurban Trypanosoma cruzi-infected Triatoma infestans, Arequipa, Peru. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Sep; 12(9):1345-52. PMID: 17073082; PMCID: PMC3294737.
      93. Bern C, Adler-Moore J, Berenguer J, Boelaert M, den Boer M, Davidson RN, Figueras C, Gradoni L, Kafetzis DA, Ritmeijer K, Rosenthal E, Royce C, Russo R, Sundar S, Alvar J. Liposomal amphotericin B for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Oct 1; 43(7):917-24. PMID: 16941377.
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      94. Cama V, Gilman RH, Vivar A, Ticona E, Ortega Y, Bern C, Xiao L. Mixed Cryptosporidium infections and HIV. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Jun; 12(6):1025-8. PMID: 16707069; PMCID: PMC3373040.
      95. Anoopa Sharma D, Bern C, Varghese B, Chowdhury R, Haque R, Ali M, Amann J, Ahluwalia IB, Wagatsuma Y, Breiman RF, Maguire JH, McFarland DA. The economic impact of visceral leishmaniasis on households in Bangladesh. Trop Med Int Health. 2006 May; 11(5):757-64. PMID: 16640630.
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      96. Kurkjian KM, Mahmutovic AJ, Kellar KL, Haque R, Bern C, Secor WE. Multiplex analysis of circulating cytokines in the sera of patients with different clinical forms of visceral leishmaniasis. Cytometry A. 2006 May; 69(5):353-8. PMID: 16604536.
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      97. Bern C, Chowdhury R. The epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis in Bangladesh: prospects for improved control. Indian J Med Res. 2006 Mar; 123(3):275-88. PMID: 16778310.
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      98. Priest JW, Bern C, Xiao L, Roberts JM, Kwon JP, Lescano AG, Checkley W, Cabrera L, Moss DM, Arrowood MJ, Sterling CR, Gilman RH, Lammie PJ. Longitudinal analysis of cryptosporidium species-specific immunoglobulin G antibody responses in Peruvian children. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2006 Jan; 13(1):123-31. PMID: 16426009; PMCID: PMC1356630.
      99. Yori PP, Kosek M, Gilman RH, Cordova J, Bern C, Chavez CB, Olortegui MP, Montalvan C, Sanchez GM, Worthen B, Worthen J, Leung F, Oré CV. Seroepidemiology of strongyloidiasis in the Peruvian Amazon. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Jan; 74(1):97-102. PMID: 16407351; PMCID: PMC1483914.
      100. Kurkjian KM, Vaz LE, Haque R, Cetre-Sossah C, Akhter S, Roy S, Steurer F, Amann J, Ali M, Chowdhury R, Wagatsuma Y, Williamson J, Crawford S, Breiman RF, Maguire JH, Bern C, Secor WE. Application of an improved method for the recombinant k 39 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect visceral leishmaniasis disease and infection in Bangladesh. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005 Dec; 12(12):1410-5. PMID: 16339064; PMCID: PMC1317080.
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