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    Charles Chiu, MD, PhD

    TitleAssociate Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentLaboratory Medicine
    Address185 Berry Street, China Basin
    Phone415-514-8219
    vCardDownload vCard

      Collapse Biography 
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      University of California Los AngelesM.D.School of Medicine2001

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      Dr. Charles Chiu, M.D./Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in Laboratory Medicine and Medicine, Infectious Diseases at the University of California, San Francisco. He is also the Director of UCSF-Abbott Viral Diagnostics and Discovery Center (VDDC) at China Basin and Associate Director of the UCSF Clinical Microbiology Laboratory. Charles is an expert in the emerging field of viral metagenomics, and his research is focused on the development of microarray and deep sequencing technologies for viral pathogen discovery and clinical diagnostics. He is also the principal investigator on an R01 grant from the NIH on blood bank pathogen screening, California Discovery, UC-MEXUS, and National Research Fund for Tickborne Diseases (NRFTD) grants on the microbial epidemiology of encephalitis, diarrhea, and Lyme disease, a QB3 Rogers Family Foundation Award in translational diagnostics, and a UCSF-Abbott Viral Discovery Award. Charles has more than 30 patents and peer-reviewed publications in scientific journals and ongoing collaborations with research groups and public health agencies worldwide, including Abbott Diagnostics, Inc., Global Viral Forecasting, the United States CDC, the American Red Cross, and the Texas Biomedical Research Institute.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Chiu CY, Bres V, Yu G, Krysztof D, Naccache SN, Lee D, Pfeil J, Linnen JM, Stramer SL. Genomic Assays for Identification of Chikungunya Virus in Blood Donors, Puerto Rico, 2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015 Aug; 21(8):1409-13.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Greninger AL, Cunningham G, Chiu CY, Miller S. Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium heraklionense Strain Davo. Genome Announc. 2015; 3(4).
        View in: PubMed
      3. Greninger AL, Cunningham G, Yu JM, Hsu ED, Chiu CY, Miller S. Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium elephantis Strain Lipa. Genome Announc. 2015; 3(3).
        View in: PubMed
      4. Greninger AL, Cunningham G, Hsu ED, Yu JM, Chiu CY, Miller S. Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium obuense Strain UC1, Isolated from Patient Sputum. Genome Announc. 2015; 3(3).
        View in: PubMed
      5. Greninger AL, Cunningham G, Yu JM, Hsu ED, Chiu CY, Miller S. Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium arupense Strain GUC1. Genome Announc. 2015; 3(3).
        View in: PubMed
      6. Greninger AL, Langelier C, Cunningham G, Keh C, Melgar M, Chiu CY, Miller S. Two Rapidly Growing Mycobacterial Species Isolated from a Brain Abscess: First Whole-Genome Sequences of Mycobacterium immunogenum and Mycobacterium llatzerense. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Jul; 53(7):2374-7.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Seo S, Renaud C, Kuypers JM, Chiu CY, Huang ML, Samayoa E, Xie H, Yu G, Fisher CE, Gooley TA, Miller S, Hackman RC, Myerson D, Sedlak RH, Kim YJ, Fukuda T, Fredricks DN, Madtes DK, Jerome KR, Boeckh M. Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome after hematopoietic cell transplantation: evidence of occult infectious etiologies. Blood. 2015 Jun 11; 125(24):3789-97.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Saglam O, Samayoa E, Somasekar S, Naccache S, Iwasaki A, Chiu CY. No viral association found in a set of differentiated vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia cases by human papillomavirus and pan-viral microarray testing. PLoS One. 2015; 10(4):e0125292.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Greninger AL, Naccache SN, Messacar K, Clayton A, Yu G, Somasekar S, Federman S, Stryke D, Anderson C, Yagi S, Messenger S, Wadford D, Xia D, Watt JP, Van Haren K, Dominguez SR, Glaser C, Aldrovandi G, Chiu CY. A novel outbreak enterovirus D68 strain associated with acute flaccid myelitis cases in the USA (2012-14): a retrospective cohort study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Mar 30.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Lauck M, Yú SQ, Caì Y, Hensley LE, Chiu CY, O'Connor DH, Kuhn JH. Genome Sequence of Bivens Arm Virus, a Tibrovirus Belonging to the Species Tibrogargan virus (Mononegavirales: Rhabdoviridae). Genome Announc. 2015; 3(2).
        View in: PubMed
      11. Deng X, Naccache SN, Ng T, Federman S, Li L, Chiu CY, Delwart EL. An ensemble strategy that significantly improves de novo assembly of microbial genomes from metagenomic next-generation sequencing data. Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Jan 13.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Naccache SN, Peggs KS, Mattes FM, Phadke R, Garson JA, Grant P, Samayoa E, Federman S, Miller S, Lunn MP, Gant V, Chiu CY. Diagnosis of neuroinvasive astrovirus infection in an immunocompromised adult with encephalitis by unbiased next-generation sequencing. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Mar 15; 60(6):919-23.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Martínez MA, Soto-Del Río Mde L, Gutiérrez RM, Chiu CY, Greninger AL, Contreras JF, López S, Arias CF, Isa P. DNA microarray for detection of gastrointestinal viruses. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Jan; 53(1):136-45.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Wilson MR, Naccache SN, Samayoa E, Biagtan M, Bashir H, Yu G, Salamat SM, Somasekar S, Federman S, Miller S, Sokolic R, Garabedian E, Candotti F, Buckley RH, Reed KD, Meyer TL, Seroogy CM, Galloway R, Henderson SL, Gern JE, DeRisi JL, Chiu CY. Actionable diagnosis of neuroleptospirosis by next-generation sequencing. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 19; 370(25):2408-17.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Naccache SN, Federman S, Veeraraghavan N, Zaharia M, Lee D, Samayoa E, Bouquet J, Greninger AL, Luk KC, Enge B, Wadford DA, Messenger SL, Genrich GL, Pellegrino K, Grard G, Leroy E, Schneider BS, Fair JN, Martínez MA, Isa P, Crump JA, DeRisi JL, Sittler T, Hackett J, Miller S, Chiu CY. A cloud-compatible bioinformatics pipeline for ultrarapid pathogen identification from next-generation sequencing of clinical samples. Genome Res. 2014 Jul; 24(7):1180-92.
        View in: PubMed PMC4079973
      16. Naccache SN, Hackett J, Delwart EL, Chiu CY. Concerns over the origin of NIH-CQV, a novel virus discovered in Chinese patients with seronegative hepatitis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Mar 18; 111(11):E976.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Naccache SN, Greninger AL, Lee D, Coffey LL, Phan T, Rein-Weston A, Aronsohn A, Hackett J, Delwart EL, Chiu CY. The perils of pathogen discovery: origin of a novel parvovirus-like hybrid genome traced to nucleic acid extraction spin columns. J Virol. 2013 Nov; 87(22):11966-77.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Phan TG, Vo NP, Simmonds P, Samayoa E, Naccache S, Chiu CY, Delwart E. Rosavirus: the prototype of a proposed new genus of the Picornaviridae family. Virus Genes. 2013 Dec; 47(3):556-8.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Yu G, Yagi S, Carrion R, Chen EC, Liu M, Brasky KM, Lanford RE, Kelly KR, Bales KL, Schnurr DP, Canfield DR, Patterson JL, Chiu CY. Experimental cross-species infection of common marmosets by titi monkey adenovirus. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68558.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Steffen I, Liss NM, Schneider BS, Fair JN, Chiu CY, Simmons G. Characterization of the Bas-Congo virus glycoprotein and its function in pseudotyped viruses. J Virol. 2013 Sep; 87(17):9558-68.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Chiu CY. Viral pathogen discovery. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2013 Aug; 16(4):468-78.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Swei A, Russell BJ, Naccache SN, Kabre B, Veeraraghavan N, Pilgard MA, Johnson BJ, Chiu CY. The genome sequence of Lone Star virus, a highly divergent bunyavirus found in the Amblyomma americanum tick. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e62083.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Chiu CY, Yagi S, Lu X, Yu G, Chen EC, Liu M, Dick EJ, Carey KD, Erdman DD, Leland MM, Patterson JL. A novel adenovirus species associated with an acute respiratory outbreak in a baboon colony and evidence of coincident human infection. MBio. 2013; 4(2):e00084.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Li L, Pesavento PA, Leutenegger CM, Estrada M, Coffey LL, Naccache SN, Samayoa E, Chiu C, Qiu J, Wang C, Deng X, Delwart E. A novel bocavirus in canine liver. Virol J. 2013; 10:54.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Chiu C, Fair J, Leroy EM. Bas-Congo virus: another deadly virus? Future Microbiol. 2013 Feb; 8(2):139-41.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Herman EK, Greninger AL, Visvesvara GS, Marciano-Cabral F, Dacks JB, Chiu CY. The mitochondrial genome and a 60-kb nuclear DNA segment from Naegleria fowleri, the causative agent of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis. J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2013 Mar-Apr; 60(2):179-91.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Yu G, Greninger AL, Isa P, Phan TG, Martínez MA, de la Luz Sanchez M, Contreras JF, Santos-Preciado JI, Parsonnet J, Miller S, DeRisi JL, Delwart E, Arias CF, Chiu CY. Discovery of a novel polyomavirus in acute diarrheal samples from children. PLoS One. 2012; 7(11):e49449.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Shahinas D, Silverman M, Sittler T, Chiu C, Kim P, Allen-Vercoe E, Weese S, Wong A, Low DE, Pillai DR. Toward an understanding of changes in diversity associated with fecal microbiome transplantation based on 16S rRNA gene deep sequencing. MBio. 2012; 3(5).
        View in: PubMed
      29. Grard G, Fair JN, Lee D, Slikas E, Steffen I, Muyembe JJ, Sittler T, Veeraraghavan N, Ruby JG, Wang C, Makuwa M, Mulembakani P, Tesh RB, Mazet J, Rimoin AW, Taylor T, Schneider BS, Simmons G, Delwart E, Wolfe ND, Chiu CY, Leroy EM. A novel rhabdovirus associated with acute hemorrhagic fever in central Africa. PLoS Pathog. 2012 Sep; 8(9):e1002924.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Lee D, Das Gupta J, Gaughan C, Steffen I, Tang N, Luk KC, Qiu X, Urisman A, Fischer N, Molinaro R, Broz M, Schochetman G, Klein EA, Ganem D, Derisi JL, Simmons G, Hackett J, Silverman RH, Chiu CY. In-depth investigation of archival and prospectively collected samples reveals no evidence for XMRV infection in prostate cancer. PLoS One. 2012; 7(9):e44954.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Chen EC, Yagi S, Kelly KR, Mendoza SP, Tarara RP, Canfield DR, Maninger N, Rosenthal A, Spinner A, Bales KL, Schnurr DP, Lerche NW, Chiu CY. Cross-species transmission of a novel adenovirus associated with a fulminant pneumonia outbreak in a new world monkey colony. PLoS Pathog. 2011 Jul; 7(7):e1002155.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Chen EC, Miller SA, DeRisi JL, Chiu CY. Using a pan-viral microarray assay (Virochip) to screen clinical samples for viral pathogens. J Vis Exp. 2011; (50).
        View in: PubMed
      33. Wootton SC, Kim DS, Kondoh Y, Chen E, Lee JS, Song JW, Huh JW, Taniguchi H, Chiu C, Boushey H, Lancaster LH, Wolters PJ, DeRisi J, Ganem D, Collard HR. Viral infection in acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jun 15; 183(12):1698-702.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Liu C, Schwartz BS, Vallabhaneni S, Nixon M, Chin-Hong PV, Miller SA, Chiu C, Damon L, Drew WL. Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 infection in patients with hematologic malignancy. Emerg Infect Dis. 2010 Dec; 16(12):1910-7.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Greninger AL, Chen EC, Sittler T, Scheinerman A, Roubinian N, Yu G, Kim E, Pillai DR, Guyard C, Mazzulli T, Isa P, Arias CF, Hackett J, Schochetman G, Miller S, Tang P, Chiu CY. A metagenomic analysis of pandemic influenza A (2009 H1N1) infection in patients from North America. PLoS One. 2010; 5(10):e13381.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Chiu CY, Greninger AL, Chen EC, Haggerty TD, Parsonnet J, Delwart E, Derisi JL, Ganem D. Cultivation and serological characterization of a human Theiler's-like cardiovirus associated with diarrheal disease. J Virol. 2010 May; 84(9):4407-14.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Tang P, Chiu C. Metagenomics for the discovery of novel human viruses. Future Microbiol. 2010 Feb; 5(2):177-89.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Elicker BM, Schwartz BS, Liu C, Chen EC, Miller SA, Chiu CY, Webb WR. Thoracic CT findings of novel influenza A (H1N1) infection in immunocompromised patients. Emerg Radiol. 2010 Jul; 17(4):299-307.
        View in: PubMed PMC2880241
      39. Mukhtar RA, Throckmorton AD, Alvarado MD, Ewing CA, Esserman LJ, Chiu C, Hwang ES. Bacteriologic features of surgical site infections following breast surgery. Am J Surg. 2009 Oct; 198(4):529-31.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Greninger AL, Runckel C, Chiu CY, Haggerty T, Parsonnet J, Ganem D, DeRisi JL. The complete genome of klassevirus - a novel picornavirus in pediatric stool. Virol J. 2009; 6:82.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Sorber K, Chiu C, Webster D, Dimon M, Ruby JG, Hekele A, DeRisi JL. The long march: a sample preparation technique that enhances contig length and coverage by high-throughput short-read sequencing. PLoS One. 2008; 3(10):e3495.
        View in: PubMed
      42. Chiu CY, Greninger AL, Kanada K, Kwok T, Fischer KF, Runckel C, Louie JK, Glaser CA, Yagi S, Schnurr DP, Haggerty TD, Parsonnet J, Ganem D, DeRisi JL. Identification of cardioviruses related to Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus in human infections. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Sep 16; 105(37):14124-9.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Kistler AL, Gancz A, Clubb S, Skewes-Cox P, Fischer K, Sorber K, Chiu CY, Lublin A, Mechani S, Farnoushi Y, Greninger A, Wen CC, Karlene SB, Ganem D, DeRisi JL. Recovery of divergent avian bornaviruses from cases of proventricular dilatation disease: identification of a candidate etiologic agent. Virol J. 2008; 5:88.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Chiu CY, Urisman A, Greenhow TL, Rouskin S, Yagi S, Schnurr D, Wright C, Drew WL, Wang D, Weintrub PS, Derisi JL, Ganem D. Utility of DNA microarrays for detection of viruses in acute respiratory tract infections in children. J Pediatr. 2008 Jul; 153(1):76-83.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Lee GT, Chiu CY, Haller BL, Denn PM, Hall CS, Gerberding JL. Streptococcus suis meningitis, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Jan; 14(1):183-5.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Chiu CY, Alizadeh AA, Rouskin S, Merker JD, Yeh E, Yagi S, Schnurr D, Patterson BK, Ganem D, DeRisi JL. Diagnosis of a critical respiratory illness caused by human metapneumovirus by use of a pan-virus microarray. J Clin Microbiol. 2007 Jul; 45(7):2340-3.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Chiu CY, Rouskin S, Koshy A, Urisman A, Fischer K, Yagi S, Schnurr D, Eckburg PB, Tompkins LS, Blackburn BG, Merker JD, Patterson BK, Ganem D, DeRisi JL. Microarray detection of human parainfluenzavirus 4 infection associated with respiratory failure in an immunocompetent adult. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Oct 15; 43(8):e71-6.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Urisman A, Fischer KF, Chiu CY, Kistler AL, Beck S, Wang D, DeRisi JL. E-Predict: a computational strategy for species identification based on observed DNA microarray hybridization patterns. Genome Biol. 2005; 6(9):R78.
        View in: PubMed
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