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Edward Sickles, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentRadiology
Address2200 Post Street
San Francisco CA 94115
Phone415-885-7417
vCardDownload vCard

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency 1976Radiology
    Cornell Cooperating HospitalsResidency1971Internal Medicine
    Cornell Cooperating HospitalsInternship1970Internal Medicine
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    University of California, San Francisco2010  - 2011Ed Dickson Emeritus Professorship Award
    Journal of Women’s Imaging2001Editor’s Certificate of Recognition
    Radiology2000  - 2003Editor's Recognition Award with Special Distinction
    University of California, San Francisco Department of Radiology2000Outstanding Alumni Award
    Society of Breast Imaging1999Gold Medal
    California Radiological Society1999Henry Garland Memorial Lecturer
    American College of Radiology1998Wendell Scott Memorial Lecturer
    University of California, San Francisco1993Hideyo Minagi Outstanding Teaching Award
    American College of Radiology1989Fellow
    American Cancer Society1980  - 1981Junior Faculty Clinical Fellowship
    Radiological Society of North America1978Cum Laude Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Edward A. Sickles, MD, has previously served as Chief of the Breast Imaging Section at the University of California, San Francisco. Presently, he is a Professor Emeritus of Radiology at UCSF School of Medicine and actively a member of the Women’s Imaging Section. Dr. Sickles received his medical degree from Cornell University Medical College, New York in 1969, and then completed two years of internship and residency in internal medicine at Cornell University Medical College (New York Hospital - Memorial Hospital), then served for two years at the US Public Health Service Hospital in Baltimore, and then completed a diagnostic radiology residency at UCSF, followed by an academic radiology fellowship at UCSF.

    Dr. Sickles has presented papers at more than 250 scientific meetings, and has been invited as a speaker to over 850 educational seminars in 43 states in the United States and 32 foreign countries.  Dr. Sickles continues to serve as a member to many breast imaging committees, and most recently, he chaired the American College of Radiology (ACR) National Mammography Database Committee and the ACR Committee that produced the mammography and auditing portions of the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS).

    As a prolific contributor to breast imaging education and scientific literature, Dr. Sickles has authored and co-authored 10 books and monographs, more than 260 scientific articles, and almost 100 other scientific communications.

    Dr. Sickles is the recipient of numerous awards and special recognitions for his dedication, service, and contributions to breast imaging, including the Gold Medal of the Society of Breast Imaging and honorary membership in four international radiological societies.

    Expertise:
    Breast Imaging

    Specialty:
    Breast imaging

    Professional Interests:
    Breast imaging, breast cancer, mammography, breast MRI, breast ultrasound

    Education and Training:
    • Medical School: Cornell University Medical College, New York
    • Internship: Cornell Cooperating Hospitals, New York Hospital - Memorial Hospital - Medicine
    • Residency: Cornell Cooperating Hospitals, New York Hospital - Memorial Hospital, New York - Medicine
    • Residency: University of California, San Francisco - Diagnostic Radiology
    • Fellowship: University of California, San Francisco - Diagnostic Radiology


    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Price ER, Sickles EA, Yitta S, Brasic N, Yeh MJ, Allen IE, Joe BN. Use of the probably benign (BI-RADS category 3) assessment for masses on breast MRI: Is it transferable to general clinical practice? Breast J. 2017 Aug 27. PMID: 28845605.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Arleo EK, Hendrick RE, Helvie MA, Sickles EA. Comparison of recommendations for screening mammography using CISNET models. Cancer. 2017 Oct 01; 123(19):3673-3680. PMID: 28832983.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Lee CS, Sengupta D, Bhargavan-Chatfield M, Sickles EA, Burnside ES, Zuley ML. Association of Patient Age With Outcomes of Current-Era, Large-Scale Screening Mammography: Analysis of Data From the National Mammography Database. JAMA Oncol. 2017 Aug 01; 3(8):1134-1136. PMID: 28426842.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Monticciolo DL, Newell MS, Hendrick RE, Helvie MA, Moy L, Monsees B, Kopans DB, Eby PR, Sickles EA. Breast Cancer Screening for Average-Risk Women: Recommendations From the ACR Commission on Breast Imaging. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 Sep; 14(9):1137-1143. PMID: 28648873.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Miglioretti DL, Ichikawa L, Smith RA, Buist DSM, Carney PA, Geller B, Monsees B, Onega T, Rosenberg R, Sickles E, Yankaskas BC, Kerlikowske K. Correlation Between Screening Mammography Interpretive Performance on a Test Set and Performance in Clinical Practice. Acad Radiol. 2017 Oct; 24(10):1256-1264. PMID: 28551400.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Arleo EK, Monticciolo DL, Monsees B, McGinty G, Sickles EA. Persistent Untreated Screening-Detected Breast Cancer: An Argument Against Delaying Screening or Increasing the Interval Between Screenings. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 Jul; 14(7):863-867. PMID: 28457814.
      View in: PubMed
    7. D'Orsi CJ, Sickles EA. 2017 Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium Reports on Interpretive Performance at Screening and Diagnostic Mammography: Welcome New Data, But Not as Benchmarks for Practice. Radiology. 2017 Apr; 283(1):7-9. PMID: 28244802.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Onega T, Smith M, Miglioretti DL, Carney PA, Geller BA, Kerlikowske K, Buist DS, Rosenberg RD, Smith RA, Sickles EA, Haneuse S, Anderson ML, Yankaskas B. Radiologist Agreement for Mammographic Recall by Case Difficulty and Finding Type. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Nov; 13(11S):e72-e79. PMID: 27814827.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Hayward JH, Ray KM, Wisner DJ, Kornak J, Lin W, Joe BN, Sickles E, et al. Improving Screening Mammography Outcomes Through Comparison With Multiple Prior Mammograms. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jul 06; 1-7. PMID: 27385404.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Nayak L, Miyake KK, Leung JW, Price ER, Liu YI, Joe BN, Sickles EA, Thomas WR, Lipson JA, Daniel BL, Hargreaves J, Brenner RJ, Bassett LW, Ojeda-Fournier H, Lindfors KK, Feig SA, Ikeda DM. Impact of Breast Density Legislation on Breast Cancer Risk Assessment and Supplemental Screening: A Survey of 110 Radiology Facilities. Breast J. 2016 Sep; 22(5):493-500. PMID: 27296462.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Burnside ES, Sickles EA, Duffy SW. A Pragmatic Approach to Determine Components of Optimal Screening Mammography Practice. JAMA. 2016 May 10; 315(18):1951-3. PMID: 27163983.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Lee CS, Bhargavan-Chatfield M, Burnside ES, Nagy P, Sickles EA. The National Mammography Database: Preliminary Data. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Apr; 206(4):883-90. PMID: 26866649.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Jackson SL, Abraham L, Miglioretti DL, Buist DS, Kerlikowske K, Onega T, Carney PA, Sickles EA, Elmore JG. Patient and Radiologist Characteristics Associated With Accuracy of Two Types of Diagnostic Mammograms. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Aug; 205(2):456-63. PMID: 26204300; PMCID: PMC4809354.
    14. Price ER, Keedy AW, Gidwaney R, Sickles EA, Joe BN. The Potential Impact of Risk-Based Screening Mammography in Women 40-49 Years Old. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Dec; 205(6):1360-4. PMID: 26204111.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Ray KM, Turner E, Sickles EA, Joe BN. Suspicious Findings at Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Occult to Conventional Digital Mammography: Imaging Features and Pathology Findings. Breast J. 2015 Sep-Oct; 21(5):538-42. PMID: 26148173.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Miglioretti DL, Ichikawa L, Smith RA, Bassett LW, Feig SA, Monsees B, Parikh JR, Rosenberg RD, Sickles EA, Carney PA. Criteria for identifying radiologists with acceptable screening mammography interpretive performance on basis of multiple performance measures. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2015 Apr; 204(4):W486-91. PMID: 25794100; PMCID: PMC4369798.
    17. Price ER, Joe BN, Sickles EA. The developing asymmetry: revisiting a perceptual and diagnostic challenge. Radiology. 2015 Mar; 274(3):642-51. PMID: 25710339.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Joe BN, Sickles EA. The evolution of breast imaging: past to present. Radiology. 2014 Nov; 273(2 Suppl):S23-44. PMID: 25340437.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Ayvaci MU, Alagoz O, Chhatwal J, Munoz del Rio A, Sickles EA, Nassif H, Kerlikowske K, Burnside ES. Predicting invasive breast cancer versus DCIS in different age groups. BMC Cancer. 2014 Aug 11; 14:584. PMID: 25112586; PMCID: PMC4138370.
    20. Sickles EA, D'Orsi CJ. How should screening breast US be audited? The BI-RADS perspective. Radiology. 2014 Aug; 272(2):316-20. PMID: 25058131.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Buist DS, Anderson ML, Smith RA, Carney PA, Miglioretti DL, Monsees BS, Sickles EA, Taplin SH, Geller BM, Yankaskas BC, Onega TL. Effect of radiologists' diagnostic work-up volume on interpretive performance. Radiology. 2014 Nov; 273(2):351-64. PMID: 24960110; PMCID: PMC4334307.
    22. Geller BM, Bogart A, Carney PA, Sickles EA, Smith R, Monsees B, Bassett LW, Buist DM, Kerlikowske K, Onega T, Yankaskas BC, Haneuse S, Hill D, Wallis MG, Miglioretti D. Educational interventions to improve screening mammography interpretation: a randomized controlled trial. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Jun; 202(6):W586-96. PMID: 24848854; PMCID: PMC4276372.
    23. Price ER, Hargreaves J, Lipson JA, Sickles EA, Brenner RJ, Lindfors KK, Joe BN, Leung JW, Feig SA, Ojeda-Fournier H, Kurian AW, Love E, Ryan L, Ikeda DM. Response. Radiology. 2014 Jun; 271(3):927-8. PMID: 24848959.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Carney PA, Bogart A, Sickles EA, Smith R, Buist DS, Kerlikowske K, Onega T, Miglioretti DL, Rosenberg R, Yankaskas BC, Geller BM. Feasibility and acceptability of conducting a randomized clinical trial designed to improve interpretation of screening mammography. Acad Radiol. 2013 Nov; 20(11):1389-98. PMID: 24119351; PMCID: PMC4152937.
    25. Price ER, Hargreaves J, Lipson JA, Sickles EA, Brenner RJ, Lindfors KK, Joe BN, Leung JW, Feig SA, Bassett LW, Ojeda-Fournier H, Daniel BL, Kurian AW, Love E, Ryan L, Walgenbach DD, Ikeda DM. The California breast density information group: a collaborative response to the issues of breast density, breast cancer risk, and breast density notification legislation. Radiology. 2013 Dec; 269(3):887-92. PMID: 24023072.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Onega T, Anderson ML, Miglioretti DL, Buist DS, Geller B, Bogart A, Smith RA, Sickles EA, Monsees B, Bassett L, Carney PA, Kerlikowske K, Yankaskas BC. Establishing a gold standard for test sets: variation in interpretive agreement of expert mammographers. Acad Radiol. 2013 Jun; 20(6):731-9. PMID: 23664400; PMCID: PMC3741406.
    27. D'Orsi C, Sickles EA. Response. Radiology. 2013 Jun; 267(3):968. PMID: 23844423.
      View in: PubMed
    28. D'Orsi C, Sickles EA. Response. Radiology. 2013 May; 267(2):658-9. PMID: 23741743.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Harvey JA, Yaffe MJ, D'Orsi C, Sickles EA. Density and breast cancer risk. Radiology. 2013 May; 267(2):657-8. PMID: 23610099.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Arasu VA, Joe BN, Lvoff NM, Leung JW, Brenner RJ, Flowers CI, Moore DH, Sickles EA. Response. Radiology. 2013 Feb; 266(2):685-6. PMID: 23479783.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Graf O, Berg WA, Sickles EA. Large rodlike calcifications at mammography: analysis of morphologic features. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013 Feb; 200(2):299-303. PMID: 23345349.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Carney PA, Parikh J, Sickles EA, Feig SA, Monsees B, Bassett LW, Smith RA, Rosenberg R, Ichikawa L, Wallace J, Tran K, Miglioretti DL. Diagnostic mammography: identifying minimally acceptable interpretive performance criteria. Radiology. 2013 May; 267(2):359-67. PMID: 23297329; PMCID: PMC3632803.
    33. Monticciolo DL, Rebner M, Appleton CM, Newell MS, Farria DM, Sickles EA, Umphrey HR, Butler PF. The ACR/Society of Breast Imaging Resident and Fellowship Training Curriculum for Breast Imaging, updated. J Am Coll Radiol. 2013 Mar; 10(3):207-10.e4. PMID: 23265975.
      View in: PubMed
    34. D'Orsi CJ, Getty DJ, Pickett RM, Sechopoulos I, Newell MS, Gundry KR, Bates SR, Nishikawa RM, Sickles EA, Karellas A, D'Orsi EM. Stereoscopic digital mammography: improved specificity and reduced rate of recall in a prospective clinical trial. Radiology. 2013 Jan; 266(1):81-8. PMID: 23150865.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Onega T, Smith M, Miglioretti DL, Carney PA, Geller BA, Kerlikowske K, Buist DS, Rosenberg RD, Smith RA, Sickles EA, Haneuse S, Anderson ML, Yankaskas B. Radiologist agreement for mammographic recall by case difficulty and finding type. J Am Coll Radiol. 2012 Nov; 9(11):788-94. PMID: 23122345; PMCID: PMC3653418.
    36. D'Orsi CJ, Sickles EA. To seek perfection or not? That is the question. Radiology. 2012 Oct; 265(1):9-11. PMID: 22929336.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Carney PA, Abraham L, Cook A, Feig SA, Sickles EA, Miglioretti DL, Geller BM, Yankaskas BC, Elmore JG. Impact of an educational intervention designed to reduce unnecessary recall during screening mammography. Acad Radiol. 2012 Sep; 19(9):1114-20. PMID: 22727623; PMCID: PMC3638784.
    38. Arasu VA, Joe BN, Lvoff NM, Leung JW, Brenner RJ, Flowers CI, Moore DH, Sickles EA. Benefit of semiannual ipsilateral mammographic surveillance following breast conservation therapy. Radiology. 2012 Aug; 264(2):371-7. PMID: 22692036; PMCID: PMC3401347.
    39. Gruber R, Jaromi S, Rudas M, Pfarl G, Riedl CC, Flöry D, Graf O, Sickles EA, Helbich TH. Histologic work-up of non-palpable breast lesions classified as probably benign at initial mammography and/or ultrasound (BI-RADS category 3). Eur J Radiol. 2013 Mar; 82(3):398-403. PMID: 22429299.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Schur EA, Elmore JE, Onega T, Wernli KJ, Sickles EA, Haneuse S. The impact of obesity on follow-up after an abnormal screening mammogram. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Feb; 21(2):327-36. PMID: 22144503; PMCID: PMC3275693.
    41. Haneuse S, Buist DS, Miglioretti DL, Anderson ML, Carney PA, Onega T, Geller BM, Kerlikowske K, Rosenberg RD, Yankaskas BC, Elmore JG, Taplin SH, Smith RA, Sickles EA. Mammographic interpretive volume and diagnostic mammogram interpretation performance in community practice. Radiology. 2012 Jan; 262(1):69-79. PMID: 22106351; PMCID: PMC3244665.
    42. Kerlikowske K, Hubbard RA, Miglioretti DL, Geller BM, Yankaskas BC, Lehman CD, Taplin SH, Sickles EA. Comparative effectiveness of digital versus film-screen mammography in community practice in the United States: a cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2011 Oct 18; 155(8):493-502. PMID: 22007043; PMCID: PMC3726800.
    43. Doyle GP, Onysko J, Pogany L, Major D, Caines J, Shumak R, Wadden N, Carney PA, Sickles EA, Monsees BS, Bassett LW, Miglioretti DL. Limitations of minimally acceptable interpretive performance criteria for screening mammography. Radiology. 2011 Mar; 258(3):960-1. PMID: 21339358.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Houssami N, Abraham LA, Miglioretti DL, Sickles EA, Kerlikowske K, Buist DS, Geller BM, Muss HB, Irwig L. Accuracy and outcomes of screening mammography in women with a personal history of early-stage breast cancer. JAMA. 2011 Feb 23; 305(8):790-9. PMID: 21343578; PMCID: PMC3799940.
    45. Buist DS, Anderson ML, Haneuse SJ, Sickles EA, Smith RA, Carney PA, Taplin SH, Rosenberg RD, Geller BM, Onega TL, Monsees BS, Bassett LW, Yankaskas BC, Elmore JG, Kerlikowske K, Miglioretti DL. Influence of annual interpretive volume on screening mammography performance in the United States. Radiology. 2011 Apr; 259(1):72-84. PMID: 21343539; PMCID: PMC3064821.
    46. Carney PA, Bowles EJ, Sickles EA, Geller BM, Feig SA, Jackson S, Brown D, Cook A, Yankaskas BC, Miglioretti DL, Elmore JG. Using a tailored web-based intervention to set goals to reduce unnecessary recall. Acad Radiol. 2011 Apr; 18(4):495-503. PMID: 21251856; PMCID: PMC3065970.
    47. Carney PA, Geller BM, Sickles EA, Miglioretti DL, Aiello Bowles EJ, Abraham L, Feig SA, Brown D, Cook AJ, Yankaskas BC, Elmore JG. Feasibility and satisfaction with a tailored web-based audit intervention for recalibrating radiologists' thresholds for conducting additional work-up. Acad Radiol. 2011 Mar; 18(3):369-76. PMID: 21193335; PMCID: PMC3034778.
    48. Onega T, Aiello Bowles EJ, Miglioretti DL, Carney PA, Geller BM, Yankaskas BC, Kerlikowske K, Sickles EA, Elmore JG. Radiologists' perceptions of computer aided detection versus double reading for mammography interpretation. Acad Radiol. 2010 Oct; 17(10):1217-26. PMID: 20832024; PMCID: PMC3149895.
    49. Sickles EA. The use of breast imaging to screen women at high risk for cancer. Radiol Clin North Am. 2010 Sep; 48(5):859-78. PMID: 20868890.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Buist DS, Abraham LA, Barlow WE, Krishnaraj A, Holdridge RC, Sickles EA, Carney PA, Kerlikowske K, Geller BM. Diagnosis of second breast cancer events after initial diagnosis of early stage breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010 Dec; 124(3):863-73. PMID: 20700648; PMCID: PMC2976764.
    51. Elmore JG, Aiello Bowles EJ, Geller B, Oster NV, Carney PA, Miglioretti DL, Buist DS, Kerlikowske K, Sickles EA, Onega T, Rosenberg RD, Yankaskas BC. Radiologists' attitudes and use of mammography audit reports. Acad Radiol. 2010 Jun; 17(6):752-60. PMID: 20457418; PMCID: PMC2894027.
    52. Carney PA, Sickles EA, Monsees BS, Bassett LW, Brenner RJ, Feig SA, Smith RA, Rosenberg RD, Bogart TA, Browning S, Barry JW, Kelly MM, Tran KA, Miglioretti DL. Identifying minimally acceptable interpretive performance criteria for screening mammography. Radiology. 2010 May; 255(2):354-61. PMID: 20413750; PMCID: PMC2858814.
    53. Bowles EJ, Sickles EA, Miglioretti DL, Carney PA, Elmore JG. Recommendation for short-interval follow-up examinations after a probably benign assessment: is clinical practice consistent with BI-RADS guidance? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Apr; 194(4):1152-9. PMID: 20308525; PMCID: PMC2861652.
    54. Chang CB, Lvoff NM, Leung JW, Brenner RJ, Joe BN, Tso HH, Sickles EA. Solitary dilated duct identified at mammography: outcomes analysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Feb; 194(2):378-82. PMID: 20093599.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Lee CH, Dershaw DD, Kopans D, Evans P, Monsees B, Monticciolo D, Brenner RJ, Bassett L, Berg W, Feig S, Hendrick E, Mendelson E, D'Orsi C, Sickles E, Burhenne LW. Breast cancer screening with imaging: recommendations from the Society of Breast Imaging and the ACR on the use of mammography, breast MRI, breast ultrasound, and other technologies for the detection of clinically occult breast cancer. J Am Coll Radiol. 2010 Jan; 7(1):18-27. PMID: 20129267.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Burnside ES, Sickles EA, Bassett LW, Rubin DL, Lee CH, Ikeda DM, Mendelson EB, Wilcox PA, Butler PF, D'Orsi CJ. The ACR BI-RADS experience: learning from history. J Am Coll Radiol. 2009 Dec; 6(12):851-60. PMID: 19945040; PMCID: PMC3099247.
    57. Elmore JG, Jackson SL, Abraham L, Miglioretti DL, Carney PA, Geller BM, Yankaskas BC, Kerlikowske K, Onega T, Rosenberg RD, Sickles EA, Buist DS. Variability in interpretive performance at screening mammography and radiologists' characteristics associated with accuracy. Radiology. 2009 Dec; 253(3):641-51. PMID: 19864507; PMCID: PMC2786197.
    58. Miglioretti DL, Gard CC, Carney PA, Onega TL, Buist DS, Sickles EA, Kerlikowske K, Rosenberg RD, Yankaskas BC, Geller BM, Elmore JG. When radiologists perform best: the learning curve in screening mammogram interpretation. Radiology. 2009 Dec; 253(3):632-40. PMID: 19789234; PMCID: PMC2786195.
    59. Cook AJ, Elmore JG, Miglioretti DL, Sickles EA, Aiello Bowles EJ, Cutter GR, Carney PA. Decreased accuracy in interpretation of community-based screening mammography for women with multiple clinical risk factors. J Clin Epidemiol. 2010 Apr; 63(4):441-51. PMID: 19744825; PMCID: PMC2837135.
    60. Jackson SL, Taplin SH, Sickles EA, Abraham L, Barlow WE, Carney PA, Geller B, Berns EA, Cutter GR, Elmore JG. Variability of interpretive accuracy among diagnostic mammography facilities. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2009 Jun 03; 101(11):814-27. PMID: 19470953; PMCID: PMC2689871.
    61. Venkatesan A, Chu P, Kerlikowske K, Sickles EA, Smith-Bindman R. Positive predictive value of specific mammographic findings according to reader and patient variables. Radiology. 2009 Mar; 250(3):648-57. PMID: 19164116; PMCID: PMC2680167.
    62. Taplin S, Abraham L, Barlow WE, Fenton JJ, Berns EA, Carney PA, Cutter GR, Sickles EA, Carl D, Elmore JG. Mammography facility characteristics associated with interpretive accuracy of screening mammography. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2008 Jun 18; 100(12):876-87. PMID: 18544742; PMCID: PMC2430588.
    63. Aiello Bowles EJ, Miglioretti DL, Sickles EA, Abraham L, Carney PA, Yankaskas BC, Elmore JG. Accuracy of short-interval follow-up mammograms by patient and radiologist characteristics. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2008 May; 190(5):1200-8. PMID: 18430832; PMCID: PMC3148073.
    64. Sickles EA. Auditing your breast imaging practice: an evidence-based approach. Semin Roentgenol. 2007 Oct; 42(4):211-7. PMID: 17919523.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Sickles EA. The spectrum of breast asymmetries: imaging features, work-up, management. Radiol Clin North Am. 2007 Sep; 45(5):765-71, v. PMID: 17888767.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Leung JW, Sickles EA. The probably benign assessment. Radiol Clin North Am. 2007 Sep; 45(5):773-89, vi. PMID: 17888768.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Graf O, Helbich TH, Hopf G, Graf C, Sickles EA. Probably benign breast masses at US: is follow-up an acceptable alternative to biopsy? Radiology. 2007 Jul; 244(1):87-93. PMID: 17581897.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Fenton JJ, Taplin SH, Carney PA, Abraham L, Sickles EA, D'Orsi C, Berns EA, Cutter G, Hendrick RE, Barlow WE, Elmore JG. Influence of computer-aided detection on performance of screening mammography. N Engl J Med. 2007 Apr 05; 356(14):1399-409. PMID: 17409321; PMCID: PMC3182841.
    69. Leung JW, Sickles EA. Developing asymmetry identified on mammography: correlation with imaging outcome and pathologic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Mar; 188(3):667-75. PMID: 17312052.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Carney PA, Yi JP, Abraham LA, Miglioretti DL, Aiello EJ, Gerrity MS, Reisch L, Berns EA, Sickles EA, Elmore JG. Reactions to uncertainty and the accuracy of diagnostic mammography. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 Feb; 22(2):234-41. PMID: 17356992; PMCID: PMC1824735.
    71. Sickles EA. Wolfe mammographic parenchymal patterns and breast cancer risk. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Feb; 188(2):301-3. PMID: 17242234.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Carney PA, Abraham LA, Miglioretti DL, Yabroff KR, Sickles EA, Buist DS, Kasales CJ, Geller BM, Rosenberg RD, Dignan MB, Weaver DL, Kerlikowske K. Factors associated with imaging and procedural events used to detect breast cancer after screening mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007 Feb; 188(2):385-92. PMID: 17242246.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Sickles EA, Philpotts LE, Parkinson BT, Monticciolo DL, Lvoff NM, Ikeda DM, High M, Farria D, Carlson RA, Burnside ES, Bassett LW, Allen JD, Monsees B, Lee CH, Evans P, Dershaw DD, Brenner RJ. American College Of Radiology/Society of Breast Imaging curriculum for resident and fellow education in breast imaging. J Am Coll Radiol. 2006 Nov; 3(11):879-84. PMID: 17412188.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Rosenberg RD, Yankaskas BC, Abraham LA, Sickles EA, Lehman CD, Geller BM, Carney PA, Kerlikowske K, Buist DS, Weaver DL, Barlow WE, Ballard-Barbash R. Performance benchmarks for screening mammography. Radiology. 2006 Oct; 241(1):55-66. PMID: 16990671.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Geller BM, Ichikawa LE, Buist DS, Sickles EA, Carney PA, Yankaskas BC, Dignan M, Kerlikowske K, Yabroff KR, Barlow W, Rosenberg RD. Improving the concordance of mammography assessment and management recommendations. Radiology. 2006 Oct; 241(1):67-75. PMID: 16990672.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Fenton JJ, Egger J, Carney PA, Cutter G, D'Orsi C, Sickles EA, Fosse J, Abraham L, Taplin SH, Barlow W, Hendrick RE, Elmore JG. Reality check: perceived versus actual performance of community mammographers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Jul; 187(1):42-6. PMID: 16794153; PMCID: PMC3149896.
    77. Beam CA, Krupinski EA, Kundel HL, Sickles EA, Wagner RF. The place of medical image perception in 21st-century health care. J Am Coll Radiol. 2006 Jun; 3(6):409-12. PMID: 17412095.
      View in: PubMed
    78. Beam CA, Conant EF, Sickles EA. Correlation of radiologist rank as a measure of skill in screening and diagnostic interpretation of mammograms. Radiology. 2006 Feb; 238(2):446-53. PMID: 16436811.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Sickles EA, Miglioretti DL, Ballard-Barbash R, Geller BM, Leung JW, Rosenberg RD, Smith-Bindman R, Yankaskas BC. Performance benchmarks for diagnostic mammography. Radiology. 2005 Jun; 235(3):775-90. PMID: 15914475.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Smith-Bindman R, Chu P, Miglioretti DL, Quale C, Rosenberg RD, Cutter G, Geller B, Bacchetti P, Sickles EA, Kerlikowske K. Physician predictors of mammographic accuracy. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2005 Mar 02; 97(5):358-67. PMID: 15741572.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Kerlikowske K, Smith-Bindman R, Abraham LA, Lehman CD, Yankaskas BC, Ballard-Barbash R, Barlow WE, Voeks JH, Geller BM, Carney PA, Sickles EA. Breast cancer yield for screening mammographic examinations with recommendation for short-interval follow-up. Radiology. 2005 Mar; 234(3):684-92. PMID: 15734926.
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    82. Leung JW, Gotway MB, Sickles EA. Preoperative embolization of vascular phyllodes tumor of the breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005 Mar; 184(3 Suppl):S115-7. PMID: 15727999.
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    83. Dibble SL, Israel J, Nussey B, Sayre JW, Brenner RJ, Sickles EA. Mammography with breast cushions. Womens Health Issues. 2005 Mar-Apr; 15(2):55-63. PMID: 15767195.
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    84. Graf O, Helbich TH, Fuchsjaeger MH, Hopf G, Morgun M, Graf C, Mallek R, Sickles EA. Follow-up of palpable circumscribed noncalcified solid breast masses at mammography and US: can biopsy be averted? Radiology. 2004 Dec; 233(3):850-6. PMID: 15486217.
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    85. Feig SA, Sickles EA, Evans WP, Linver MN. Re: Changes in breast cancer detection and mammography recall rates after the introduction of a computer-aided detection system. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004 Aug 18; 96(16):1260-1; author reply 1261. PMID: 15316065.
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    86. Ikeda DM, Birdwell RL, O'Shaughnessy KF, Sickles EA, Brenner RJ. Computer-aided detection output on 172 subtle findings on normal mammograms previously obtained in women with breast cancer detected at follow-up screening mammography. Radiology. 2004 Mar; 230(3):811-9. PMID: 14764891.
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    87. Burnside ES, Rubin DL, Shachter RD, Sohlich RE, Sickles EA. A probabilistic expert system that provides automated mammographic-histologic correlation: initial experience. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Feb; 182(2):481-8. PMID: 14736686.
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    88. Beam CA, Conant EF, Sickles EA, Weinstein SP. Evaluation of proscriptive health care policy implementation in screening mammography. Radiology. 2003 Nov; 229(2):534-40. PMID: 14595152.
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    89. Smith-Bindman R, Chu PW, Miglioretti DL, Sickles EA, Blanks R, Ballard-Barbash R, Bobo JK, Lee NC, Wallis MG, Patnick J, Kerlikowske K. Comparison of screening mammography in the United States and the United kingdom. JAMA. 2003 Oct 22; 290(16):2129-37. PMID: 14570948.
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    90. Kerlikowske K, Smith-Bindman R, Sickles EA. Short-interval follow-up mammography: are we doing the right thing? J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003 Mar 19; 95(6):418-9. PMID: 12644528.
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    91. Beam CA, Conant EF, Sickles EA. Association of volume and volume-independent factors with accuracy in screening mammogram interpretation. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2003 Feb 19; 95(4):282-90. PMID: 12591984.
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    92. Ikeda DM, Birdwell RL, O'Shaughnessy KF, Brenner RJ, Sickles EA. Analysis of 172 subtle findings on prior normal mammograms in women with breast cancer detected at follow-up screening. Radiology. 2003 Feb; 226(2):494-503. PMID: 12563145.
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    93. Burnside ES, Sickles EA, Sohlich RE, Dee KE. Differential value of comparison with previous examinations in diagnostic versus screening mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 Nov; 179(5):1173-7. PMID: 12388494.
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    94. Sickles EA, Wolverton DE, Dee KE. Performance parameters for screening and diagnostic mammography: specialist and general radiologists. Radiology. 2002 Sep; 224(3):861-9. PMID: 12202726.
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    95. Beam CA, Conant EF, Sickles EA. Factors affecting radiologist inconsistency in screening mammography. Acad Radiol. 2002 May; 9(5):531-40. PMID: 12458879.
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    96. Sohlich RE, Sickles EA, Burnside ES, Dee KE. Interpreting data from audits when screening and diagnostic mammography outcomes are combined. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 Mar; 178(3):681-6. PMID: 11856698.
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    97. Geller BM, Barlow WE, Ballard-Barbash R, Ernster VL, Yankaskas BC, Sickles EA, Carney PA, Dignan MB, Rosenberg RD, Urban N, Zheng Y, Taplin SH. Use of the American College of Radiology BI-RADS to report on the mammographic evaluation of women with signs and symptoms of breast disease. Radiology. 2002 Feb; 222(2):536-42. PMID: 11818625.
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    98. Taplin SH, Ichikawa LE, Kerlikowske K, Ernster VL, Rosenberg RD, Yankaskas BC, Carney PA, Geller BM, Urban N, Dignan MB, Barlow WE, Ballard-Barbash R, Sickles EA. Concordance of breast imaging reporting and data system assessments and management recommendations in screening mammography. Radiology. 2002 Feb; 222(2):529-35. PMID: 11818624.
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    99. Burnside ES, Sohlich RE, Sickles EA. Movement of a biopsy-site marker clip after completion of stereotactic directional vacuum-assisted breast biopsy: case report. Radiology. 2001 Nov; 221(2):504-7. PMID: 11687696.
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    100. Burhenne LJ, Smith RA, Tabar L, Dean PB, Perry N, Sickles EA. Mammographic screening: international perspective. Semin Roentgenol. 2001 Jul; 36(3):187-94. PMID: 11475065.
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    101. Birdwell RL, Ikeda DM, O'Shaughnessy KF, Sickles EA. Mammographic characteristics of 115 missed cancers later detected with screening mammography and the potential utility of computer-aided detection. Radiology. 2001 Apr; 219(1):192-202. PMID: 11274556.
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    102. Dee KE, Sickles EA. Medical audit of diagnostic mammography examinations: comparison with screening outcomes obtained concurrently. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Mar; 176(3):729-33. PMID: 11222214.
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    103. Heywang-Köbrunner SH, Bick U, Bradley WG, Boné B, Casselman J, Coulthard A, Fischer U, Müller-Schimpfle M, Oellinger H, Patt R, Teubner J, Friedrich M, Newstead G, Holland R, Schauer A, Sickles EA, Tabar L, Waisman J, Wernecke KD. International investigation of breast MRI: results of a multicentre study (11 sites) concerning diagnostic parameters for contrast-enhanced MRI based on 519 histopathologically correlated lesions. Eur Radiol. 2001; 11(4):531-46. PMID: 11354744.
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    104. Sickles EA. Galactography and other imaging investigations of nipple discharge. Lancet. 2000 Nov 11; 356(9242):1622-3. PMID: 11089815.
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    105. Kinkel K, Helbich TH, Esserman LJ, Barclay J, Schwerin EH, Sickles EA, Hylton NM. Dynamic high-spatial-resolution MR imaging of suspicious breast lesions: diagnostic criteria and interobserver variability. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Jul; 175(1):35-43. PMID: 10882243.
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    106. Sickles EA. Successful methods to reduce false-positive mammography interpretations. Radiol Clin North Am. 2000 Jul; 38(4):693-700. PMID: 10943271.
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    107. Leung JW, Sickles EA. Multiple bilateral masses detected on screening mammography: assessment of need for recall imaging. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Jul; 175(1):23-9. PMID: 10882241.
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    108. Warren Burhenne LJ, Wood SA, D'Orsi CJ, Feig SA, Kopans DB, O'Shaughnessy KF, Sickles EA, Tabar L, Vyborny CJ, Castellino RA. Potential contribution of computer-aided detection to the sensitivity of screening mammography. Radiology. 2000 May; 215(2):554-62. PMID: 10796939.
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    109. Hunt KA, Sickles EA. Effect of obesity on screening mammography: outcomes analysis of 88,346 consecutive examinations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 May; 174(5):1251-5. PMID: 10789771.
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    110. Kan L, Olivotto IA, Warren Burhenne LJ, Sickles EA, Coldman AJ. Standardized abnormal interpretation and cancer detection ratios to assess reading volume and reader performance in a breast screening program. Radiology. 2000 May; 215(2):563-7. PMID: 10796940.
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    111. Pisano ED, Yaffe MJ, Hemminger BM, Hendrick RE, Niklason LT, Maidment AD, Kimme-Smith CM, Feig SA, Sickles EA, Braeuning MP. Current status of full-field digital mammography. Acad Radiol. 2000 Apr; 7(4):266-80. PMID: 10766101.
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    112. Sickles EA. Breast imaging: from 1965 to the present. Radiology. 2000 Apr; 215(1):1-16. PMID: 10751459.
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    113. Pearson KL, Sickles EA, Frankel SD, Leung JW. Efficacy of step-oblique mammography for confirmation and localization of densities seen on only one standard mammographic view. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000 Mar; 174(3):745-52. PMID: 10701619.
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    114. Sickles EA. Probably benign breast lesions: when should follow-up be recommended and what is the optimal follow-up protocol? Radiology. 1999 Oct; 213(1):11-4. PMID: 10540635.
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    115. Hunt KA, Rosen EL, Sickles EA. Outcome analysis for women undergoing annual versus biennial screening mammography: a review of 24,211 examinations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Aug; 173(2):285-9. PMID: 10430120.
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    116. Bassett LW, Cardenosa G, D'Orsi CJ, Dempsey PJ, Dershaw DD, Destouet JM, Evans WP, Feig SA, Hendrick RE, Jackson VP, Kopans DB, Linver MN, Mendelson EB, Monsees B, Racenstein MJ, Sickles EA, Stelling CB, Warren L. Risk of risk-based mammography screening, ages 40 to 49. American College of Radiology Task Force on Breast Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 1999 Feb; 17(2):735-8. PMID: 10080624.
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    117. Rosen EL, Sickles E, Keating D. Ability of mammography to reveal nonpalpable breast cancer in women with palpable breast masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1999 Feb; 172(2):309-12. PMID: 9930773.
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    118. Esserman L, Hylton N, Yassa L, Barclay J, Frankel S, Sickles E. Utility of magnetic resonance imaging in the management of breast cancer: evidence for improved preoperative staging. J Clin Oncol. 1999 Jan; 17(1):110-9. PMID: 10458224.
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    119. Kerlikowske K, Grady D, Barclay J, Frankel SD, Ominsky SH, Sickles EA, Ernster V. Variability and accuracy in mammographic interpretation using the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1998 Dec 02; 90(23):1801-9. PMID: 9839520.
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    120. Sickles EA. False positive rate of screening mammography. N Engl J Med. 1998 Aug 20; 339(8):561-2; author reply 563. PMID: 9714622.
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    121. Sickles EA. Findings at mammographic screening on only one standard projection: outcomes analysis. Radiology. 1998 Aug; 208(2):471-5. PMID: 9680578.
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    122. Feig SA, Kopans DB, Sickles EA, Jackson VP, Monsees B. Rationale for annual screening mammography for women ages 40-49 years. Breast Dis. 1998 Aug; 10(3-4):13-21. PMID: 15687560.
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    123. Feig SA, D'Orsi CJ, Hendrick RE, Jackson VP, Kopans DB, Monsees B, Sickles EA, Stelling CB, Zinninger M, Wilcox-Buchalla P. American College of Radiology guidelines for breast cancer screening. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1998 Jul; 171(1):29-33. PMID: 9648758.
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    124. Lou SL, Sickles EA, Huang HK, Hoogstrate D, Cao F, Wang J, Jahangiri M. Full-field direct digital telemammography: technical components, study protocols, and preliminary results. IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed. 1997 Dec; 1(4):270-8. PMID: 11020830.
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    125. Brenner RJ, Sickles EA. Surveillance mammography and stereotactic core breast biopsy for probably benign lesions: a cost comparison analysis. Acad Radiol. 1997 Jun; 4(6):419-25. PMID: 9189199.
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    126. Sickles EA. Forty-something breast screening. Science. 1997 Mar 14; 275(5306):1549. PMID: 9072815.
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    127. Frankel SD, Sickles EA. Morphologic criteria for interpreting abnormalities seen at breast MR imaging. Radiology. 1997 Mar; 202(3):633-4. PMID: 9051006.
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    128. Sickles EA. Breast cancer screening outcomes in women ages 40-49: clinical experience with service screening using modern mammography. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 1997; (22):99-104. PMID: 9709284.
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    129. Kerlikowske K, Barclay J, Grady D, Sickles EA, Ernster V. Comparison of risk factors for ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1997 Jan 01; 89(1):76-82. PMID: 8978410.
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    130. Gratt BM, Graff-Radford SB, Shetty V, Solberg WK, Sickles EA. A 6-year clinical assessment of electronic facial thermography. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 1996 Nov; 25(5):247-55. PMID: 9161178.
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    131. Chang SW, Kerlikowske K, Nápoles-Springer A, Posner SF, Sickles EA, Pérez-Stable EJ. Racial differences in timeliness of follow-up after abnormal screening mammography. Cancer. 1996 Oct 01; 78(7):1395-402. PMID: 8839544.
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    132. Wolverton DE, Sickles EA. Clinical outcome of doubtful mammographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996 Oct; 167(4):1041-5. PMID: 8819409.
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    133. Kerlikowske K, Grady D, Barclay J, Sickles EA, Ernster V. Effect of age, breast density, and family history on the sensitivity of first screening mammography. JAMA. 1996 Jul 03; 276(1):33-8. PMID: 8667536.
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    134. Kerlikowske K, Grady D, Barclay J, Sickles EA, Ernster V. Likelihood ratios for modern screening mammography. Risk of breast cancer based on age and mammographic interpretation. JAMA. 1996 Jul 03; 276(1):39-43. PMID: 8667537.
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    135. Kopans DB, Feig SA, Sickles EA. Malignant breast masses detected only by ultrasound: a retrospective review. Cancer. 1996 Jan 01; 77(1):208-9. PMID: 8630932.
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    136. Brown ML, Houn F, Sickles EA, Kessler LG. Screening mammography in community practice: positive predictive value of abnormal findings and yield of follow-up diagnostic procedures. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Dec; 165(6):1373-7. PMID: 7484568.
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    137. Sickles EA. Management of probably benign breast lesions. Radiol Clin North Am. 1995 Nov; 33(6):1123-30. PMID: 7480660.
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    138. Gratt BM, Shetty V, Saiar M, Sickles EA. Electronic thermography for the assessment of inferior alveolar nerve deficit. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1995 Aug; 80(2):153-60. PMID: 7552877.
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    139. Curpen BN, Sickles EA, Sollitto RA, Ominsky SH, Galvin HB, Frankel SD. The comparative value of mammographic screening for women 40-49 years old versus women 50-64 years old. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 May; 164(5):1099-103. PMID: 7717212.
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    140. Frankel SD, Sickles EA, Curpen BN, Sollitto RA, Ominsky SH, Galvin HB. Initial versus subsequent screening mammography: comparison of findings and their prognostic significance. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 May; 164(5):1107-9. PMID: 7717214.
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    141. Sickles EA, Kopans DB. Mammographic screening for women aged 40 to 49 years: the primary care practitioner's dilemma. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Apr 01; 122(7):534-8. PMID: 7872590.
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    142. Sickles EA. Latent image fading in screen-film mammography: lack of clinical relevance for batch-processed films. Radiology. 1995 Feb; 194(2):389-92. PMID: 7824715.
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    143. Faulk RM, Sickles EA, Sollitto RA, Ominsky SH, Galvin HB, Frankel SD. Clinical efficacy of mammographic screening in the elderly. Radiology. 1995 Jan; 194(1):193-7. PMID: 7997552.
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    144. Gratt BM, Sickles EA. Electronic facial thermography: an analysis of asymptomatic adult subjects. J Orofac Pain. 1995; 9(3):255-65. PMID: 8995925.
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    145. Sickles EA. Management of probably benign lesions of the breast. Radiology. 1994 Nov; 193(2):582-3. PMID: 7972786.
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    146. Sickles EA. Screening mammography and breast sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Aug; 163(2):469-70. PMID: 8037053.
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    147. Sickles EA. Nonpalpable, circumscribed, noncalcified solid breast masses: likelihood of malignancy based on lesion size and age of patient. Radiology. 1994 Aug; 192(2):439-42. PMID: 8029411.
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    148. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Ross JB, Wexler CE, Gornbein JA. Thermographic assessment of craniomandibular disorders: diagnostic interpretation versus temperature measurement analysis. J Orofac Pain. 1994; 8(3):278-88. PMID: 7812225.
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    149. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Shetty V. Thermography for the clinical assessment of inferior alveolar nerve deficit: a pilot study. J Orofac Pain. 1994; 8(4):369-74. PMID: 7670424.
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    150. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Wexler CE, Ross JB. Thermographic characterization of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. J Orofac Pain. 1994; 8(2):197-206. PMID: 7920355.
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    151. Lee MM, Petrakis NL, Wrensch MR, King EB, Miike R, Sickles E. Association of abnormal nipple aspirate cytology and mammographic pattern and density. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1994 Jan-Feb; 3(1):33-6. PMID: 8118383.
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    152. Kerlikowske K, Grady D, Barclay J, Sickles EA, Eaton A, Ernster V. Positive predictive value of screening mammography by age and family history of breast cancer. JAMA. 1993 Nov 24; 270(20):2444-50. PMID: 8230621.
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    153. Sickles EA, Kopans DB. Deficiencies in the analysis of breast cancer screening data. J Natl Cancer Inst. 1993 Oct 20; 85(20):1621-4. PMID: 8179650.
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    154. Sickles EA, Parker SH. Appropriate role of core breast biopsy in the management of probably benign lesions. Radiology. 1993 Aug; 188(2):315. PMID: 8327670.
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    155. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Wexler CE. Thermographic characterization of osteoarthrosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Orofac Pain. 1993; 7(4):345-53. PMID: 8118436.
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    156. Gratt BM, Sickles EA. Thermographic characterization of the asymptomatic temporomandibular joint. J Orofac Pain. 1993; 7(1):7-14. PMID: 8467300.
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    157. Faulk RM, Sickles E. Efficacy of spot compression-magnification and tangential views in mammographic evaluation of palpable breast masses. Radiology. 1992 Oct; 185(1):87-90. PMID: 1523339.
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    158. Sickles E. Quality assurance. How to audit your own mammography practice. Radiol Clin North Am. 1992 Jan; 30(1):265-75. PMID: 1732933.
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    159. Sickles E. Low-cost mass screening for breast cancer with mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992 Jan; 158(1):55-7. PMID: 1727358.
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    160. Sickles E. Screening for breast cancer with mammography. Clin Imaging. 1991 Oct-Dec; 15(4):253-60. PMID: 1742673.
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    161. Gratt BM, Sickles E. Future applications of electronic thermography. J Am Dent Assoc. 1991 May; 122(5):28-36. PMID: 2045600.
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    162. Sickles E. Periodic mammographic follow-up of probably benign lesions: results in 3,184 consecutive cases. Radiology. 1991 May; 179(2):463-8. PMID: 2014293.
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    163. Gratt BM, Sickles E, Ross JB. Electronic thermography in the assessment of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. A pilot study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1991 Mar; 71(3):364-70. PMID: 2011363.
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    164. Sickles E. The subtle and atypical mammographic features of invasive lobular carcinoma. Radiology. 1991 Jan; 178(1):25-6. PMID: 1984313.
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    165. Goodson WH, Miller TR, Sickles E, Upton RA. Lack of correlation of clinical breast examination with high-risk histopathology. Am J Med. 1990 Dec; 89(6):752-6. PMID: 2174645.
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    166. Miller AB, Baines CJ, Sickles E. Canadian National Breast Screening Study. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Nov; 155(5):1133-4. PMID: 2120947.
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    167. Monticciolo DL, Sickles E. Computerized follow-up of abnormalities detected at mammography screening. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Oct; 155(4):751-3. PMID: 2119104.
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    168. Sickles E. The usefulness of computers in managing the operation of a mammography screening practice. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Oct; 155(4):755-61. PMID: 2119105.
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    169. Baines CJ, Miller AB, Kopans DB, Moskowitz M, Sanders DE, Sickles E, To T, Wall C. Canadian National Breast Screening Study: assessment of technical quality by external review. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Oct; 155(4):743-7; discussion 748-9. PMID: 2119103.
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    170. Sickles E, Ominsky SH, Sollitto RA, Galvin HB, Monticciolo DL. Medical audit of a rapid-throughput mammography screening practice: methodology and results of 27,114 examinations. Radiology. 1990 May; 175(2):323-7. PMID: 2326455.
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    171. Sickles E. Imaging techniques other than mammography for the detection and diagnosis of breast cancer. Recent Results Cancer Res. 1990; 119:127-35. PMID: 2236853.
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    172. Sickles E. Mammographic features of malignancy found during screening. Recent Results Cancer Res. 1990; 119:88-93. PMID: 2236867.
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    173. Sickles E. One versus two views per breast for screening mammography. Recent Results Cancer Res. 1990; 119:81-7. PMID: 2236866.
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    174. Gratt BM, White SC, Sickles E. A subjective study of dental diagnostic utility comparing xeroradiography and film radiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1989 Nov; 68(5):653-60. PMID: 2812719.
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    175. Sickles E. Breast masses: mammographic evaluation. Radiology. 1989 Nov; 173(2):297-303. PMID: 2678242.
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    176. Sickles E. Combining spot-compression and other special views to maximize mammographic information. Radiology. 1989 Nov; 173(2):571. PMID: 2798895.
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    177. Gratt BM, Sickles E, Graff-Radford SB, Solberg WK. Electronic thermography in the diagnosis of atypical odontalgia: a pilot study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1989 Oct; 68(4):472-81. PMID: 2797744.
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    178. Gratt BM, Pullinger A, Sickles E, Lee JJ. Electronic thermography of normal facial structures: a pilot study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1989 Sep; 68(3):346-51. PMID: 2771378.
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    179. Brenner RJ, Sickles E. Acceptability of periodic follow-up as an alternative to biopsy for mammographically detected lesions interpreted as probably benign. Radiology. 1989 Jun; 171(3):645-6. PMID: 2497496.
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    180. Linden SS, Sickles E. Sedimented calcium in benign breast cysts: the full spectrum of mammographic presentations. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989 May; 152(5):967-71. PMID: 2705355.
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    181. Helvie MA, Rebner M, Sickles E, Oberman HA. Calcifications in metastatic breast carcinoma in axillary lymph nodes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Nov; 151(5):921-2. PMID: 2845762.
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    182. Ikeda DM, Sickles EA. Mammographic demonstration of pectoral muscle microcalcifications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Sep; 151(3):475-6. PMID: 3261504.
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    183. Ikeda DM, Sickles EA. Second-screening mammography: one versus two views per breast. Radiology. 1988 Sep; 168(3):651-6. PMID: 3406393.
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    184. Sickles EA. Impact of low-cost mammography screening on nearby mammography practices. Radiology. 1988 Jul; 168(1):59-61. PMID: 3380983.
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    185. Sickles EA. Practical solutions to common mammographic problems: tailoring the examination. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988 Jul; 151(1):31-9. PMID: 3259817.
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    186. Sickles E. Minimizing moisture shadows that obscure projected slides. Radiology. 1988 Mar; 166(3):887. PMID: 2448845.
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    187. Sickles EA. Mammography screening and the self-referred woman. Radiology. 1988 Jan; 166(1 Pt 1):271-3. PMID: 3336693.
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    188. Sickles EA. Reduced-price mammography screening. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1987 Dec; 149(6):1153-4. PMID: 3500601.
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    189. Sickles EA, Weber WN, Galvin HB, Ominsky SH, Sollitto RA. Low cost mammography screening. Practical considerations with emphasis on mobile operation. Cancer. 1987 Oct 01; 60(7 Suppl):1688-91. PMID: 3651995.
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    190. Sickles EA. The use of computers in mammography screening. Radiol Clin North Am. 1987 Sep; 25(5):1015-30. PMID: 3628750.
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    191. Dean PB, Sickles EA. Breast lesions examined by digital angiography. Invest Radiol. 1987 Aug; 22(8):698-9. PMID: 3312082.
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    192. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Forsythe AA. Clinical assessment of anatomic positioning and patient comfort for intraoral radiography: a comparison of xeroradiography versus film. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1987 Aug; 64(2):241-8. PMID: 3476902.
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    193. Chan HP, Vyborny CJ, MacMahon H, Metz CE, Doi K, Sickles EA. Digital mammography. ROC studies of the effects of pixel size and unsharp-mask filtering on the detection of subtle microcalcifications. Invest Radiol. 1987 Jul; 22(7):581-9. PMID: 3623862.
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    194. Sickles EA. Comparison of mammographic screen-film systems. Recent Results Cancer Res. 1987; 105:52-7. PMID: 3589132.
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    195. Sickles EA. The role of magnification technique in modern mammography. Recent Results Cancer Res. 1987; 105:19-24. PMID: 3589130.
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    196. Sickles EA. Computed tomography scanning, transillumination, and magnetic resonance imaging of the breast. Recent Results Cancer Res. 1987; 105:31-6. PMID: 3296053.
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    197. Sickles EA, Weber WN, Galvin HB, Ominsky SH, Sollitto RA. Baseline screening mammography: one vs two views per breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986 Dec; 147(6):1149-53. PMID: 3490749.
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    198. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Littman RI. Frequency of artifacts with xeroradiography using artifact-reduction techniques. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1986 Nov; 62(5):589-94. PMID: 3466131.
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    199. Sickles EA. Breast calcifications: mammographic evaluation. Radiology. 1986 Aug; 160(2):289-93. PMID: 3726103.
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    200. Sickles EA, Weber WN, Galvin HB, Ominsky SH, Sollitto RA. Mammographic screening: how to operate successfully at low cost. Radiology. 1986 Jul; 160(1):95-7. PMID: 3715053.
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    201. Sickles EA, Weber WN. High-contrast mammography with a moving grid: assessment of clinical utility. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986 Jun; 146(6):1137-9. PMID: 3518365.
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    202. Sickles EA. Mammographic features of 300 consecutive nonpalpable breast cancers. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1986 Apr; 146(4):661-3. PMID: 3485337.
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    203. Gratt BM, Sickles EA. A cost analysis comparing xeroradiography to film technics for intraoral radiography. J Public Health Dent. 1986; 46(2):96-105. PMID: 3457953.
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    204. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Littman RI. Comparison of dental xeroradiography and conventional film techniques for the frequency and significance of image artifacts. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1985 Nov; 60(5):546-52. PMID: 3903601.
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    205. Sickles EA, Galvin HB. Breast arterial calcification in association with diabetes mellitus: too weak a correlation to have clinical utility. Radiology. 1985 Jun; 155(3):577-9. PMID: 4001355.
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    206. Weber WN, Sickles EA, Callen PW, Filly RA. Nonpalpable breast lesion localization: limited efficacy of sonography. Radiology. 1985 Jun; 155(3):783-4. PMID: 3890010.
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    207. Ernster VL, Goodson WH, Hunt TK, Petrakis NL, Sickles EA, Miike R. Vitamin E and benign breast "disease": a double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Surgery. 1985 Apr; 97(4):490-4. PMID: 3885456.
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    208. Sickles EA. Breast imaging: a view from the present to the future. Diagn Imaging Clin Med. 1985; 54(3-4):118-25. PMID: 3896613.
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    209. Sickles EA. Mammographic features of "early" breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1984 Sep; 143(3):461-4. PMID: 6331721.
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    210. Sickles EA, Filly RA, Callen PW. Benign breast lesions: ultrasound detection and diagnosis. Radiology. 1984 May; 151(2):467-70. PMID: 6709920.
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    211. Sickles EA. Breast cancer detection with transillumination and mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1984 Apr; 142(4):841-4. PMID: 6608251.
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    212. Gratt BM, Sickles EA. Sensitometric characteristics of dental xeroradiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1983 Nov; 56(5):555-9. PMID: 6580602.
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    213. Sickles EA, Filly RA, Callen PW. Breast cancer detection with sonography and mammography: comparison using state-of-the-art equipment. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1983 May; 140(5):843-5. PMID: 6601422.
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    214. Sickles EA, Klein DL, Goodson WH, Hunt TK. Mammography after needle aspiration of palpable breast masses. Am J Surg. 1983 Mar; 145(3):395-7. PMID: 6837868.
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    215. Gratt BM, Kashima I, Sickles EA. Time-delay image degradation with dental xeroradiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1982 Dec; 54(6):696-700. PMID: 6961349.
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    216. Sickles EA. Mammographic detectability of breast microcalcifications. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1982 Nov; 139(5):913-8. PMID: 6981974.
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    217. Klein DL, Sickles EA. Effects of needle aspiration on the mammographic appearance of the breast: a guide to the proper timing of the mammography examination. Radiology. 1982 Oct; 145(1):44. PMID: 7122893.
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    218. Ernster VL, Mason L, Goodson WH, Sickles EA, Sacks ST, Selvin S, Dupuy ME, Hawkinson J, Hunt TK. Effects of caffeine-free diet on benign breast disease: a randomized trial. Surgery. 1982 Mar; 91(3):263-7. PMID: 7058508.
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    219. Sickles EA, Abele JS. Milk of calcium within tiny benign breast cysts. Radiology. 1981 Dec; 141(3):655-8. PMID: 7302218.
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    220. Wasserman TH, Sickles EA, Phillips TL. Primary radiation treatment of colloid carcinoma of the breast: a case report. Cancer. 1981 Nov 01; 48(9):1972-5. PMID: 6271387.
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    221. Gratt BM, Sickles EA. Duplication of dental xeroradiographs. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1981 Oct; 52(4):449-54. PMID: 6946370.
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    222. Sickles EA, Herzog KA. Mammography of the postsurgical breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1981 Mar; 136(3):585-8. PMID: 6781299.
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    223. Sickles EA. Radiology-epitomes of progress: mammography: who needs a mammogram? West J Med. 1981 Mar; 134(3):251-2. PMID: 18748822.
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    224. Sickles EA. Xeromammography versus screen-film mammography--pros and cons of the two techniques. West J Med. 1981 Mar; 134(3):273-4. PMID: 7269562; PMCID: PMC1272636.
    225. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Gould RG, Jeromin LS, White SC. Xeroradiography of dental structures. IV. Image properties of a dedicated intraoral system. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1980 Dec; 50(6):572-9. PMID: 6935616.
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    226. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Lacy AM. Xeroradiography for imaging biomaterials--A comparison with conventional radiography. J Prosthet Dent. 1980 Nov; 44(5):567-72. PMID: 6934294.
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    227. Sickles EA. Further experience with microfocal spot magnification mammography in the assessment of clustered breast microcalcifications. Radiology. 1980 Oct; 137(1 Pt 1):9-14. PMID: 7422866.
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    228. Sickles EA, Herzog KA. Intramammary scar tissue: a mimic of the mammographic appearance of carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1980 Aug; 135(2):349-52. PMID: 6773341.
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    229. Whitcher BL, Gratt BM, Sickles EA. A leaded apron for use in panoramic dental radiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1980 May; 49(5):467-70. PMID: 6929470.
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    230. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Silverman S. Dental xeroradiography as an adjunct in the evaluation of oral cancer: a preliminary report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1980 Apr; 49(4):303-8. PMID: 6928575.
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    231. Gratt BM, Sickles EA, Armitage GC. Use of dental xeroradiographs in periodontics. Comparison with conventional radiographs. J Periodontol. 1980 Jan; 51(1):1-4. PMID: 6928465.
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    232. Whitcher BL, Gratt BM, Sickles E. Leaded shields for thyroid dose reduction in intraoral dental radiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1979 Dec; 48(6):567-70. PMID: 292963.
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    233. Gratt BM, White SC, Sickles E, Jeromin LS. Imaging properties of intraoral dental xeroradiography. J Am Dent Assoc. 1979 Nov; 99(5):805-9. PMID: 290676.
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    234. Gratt BM, Sickles E, Nguyen NT. Dental xeroradiography for endodontics: a rapid X-ray system that produces high-quality images. J Endod. 1979 Sep; 5(9):266-70. PMID: 297769.
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    235. Sickles E. Preoperative radiographic localization of nonpalpable breast masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1979 Jul; 133(1):161-2. PMID: 110061.
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    236. Gratt BM, Parks CR, Hall GL, Sickles EA. Use of an inclined footrest for panoramic dental radiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1979 Jun; 47(6):568-71. PMID: 286280.
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    237. Sickles E. Microfocal spot magnification mammography using xeroradiographic and screen-film recording systems. Radiology. 1979 Jun; 131(3):599-607. PMID: 441362.
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    238. Sickles E, Genant HK. Controlled single-blind clinical evaluation of low-dose mammographic screen--film systems. Radiology. 1979 Feb; 130(2):347-51. PMID: 760148.
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    239. Grant BM, Sickles E, Parks CR. Use of intraoral cassettes for dental xeroradiography. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1978 Nov; 46(5):717-20. PMID: 280862.
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    240. Gratt BM, Sickles E, Parks CR. Xeroradiography of dental structures. II. Image analysis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1978 Jul; 46(1):156-65. PMID: 277872.
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    241. Sickles E, Doi K, Genant HK. Magnification film mammography: image quality and clinical studies. Radiology. 1977 Oct; 125(1):69-76. PMID: 897191.
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    242. Sickles E. Cholecystographic diagnosis of duodenal ulcer: the incomplete ring sign. Radiology. 1977 Jul; 124(1):27-30. PMID: 866654.
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    243. Gratt BM, Sickles E, Parks CP. Xeroradiography of dental structures. I. Preliminary investigations. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1977 Jul; 44(1):148-52. PMID: 267873.
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    244. Genant HK, Doi K, Mall JC, Sickles E. Direct radiographic magnification for skeletal radiology. An assessment of image quality and clinical application. Radiology. 1977 Apr; 123(1):47-55. PMID: 847172.
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    245. Sickles E, Winestock D. Bilateral intrathoracic meningoceles. J Can Assoc Radiol. 1977 Mar; 28(1):79-87. PMID: 838764.
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    246. Sickles EA. Benefits and risks of screening mammography. West J Med. 1977 Jan; 126(1):70-1. PMID: 18747873.
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    247. Sickles E. Radiation risks of mammography. West J Med. 1976 Dec; 125(6):493-5. PMID: 1007248; PMCID: PMC1237408.
    248. Aisner J, Kvols LK, Sickles E, Schimpff SC, Wiernik PH. Transtracheal selective bronchial brushing for pulmonary infiltrates in patients with cancer. Chest. 1976 Mar; 69(3):367-71. PMID: 971605.
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    249. Sickles E, Genant HK, Hoffer PB. Increased localization of 99mTc-pyrophosphate in a bone island: case report. J Nucl Med. 1976 Feb; 17(02):113-5. PMID: 173815.
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    250. Sickles E, Gooding CA. Asymmetric lung involvement in bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Radiology. 1976 Feb; 118(2):379-83. PMID: 766058.
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    251. Sickles EA, Greene WH, Wiernik PH. Clinical presentation of infection in granulocytopenic patients. Arch Intern Med. 1975 May; 135(5):715-9. PMID: 1052668.
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    252. Sickles EA, Korobkin M. Perirenal hematoma as a complication of renal infarction in sickle-cell trait. A case report. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1974 Dec; 122(4):800-3. PMID: 4458458.
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    253. Aisner J, Sickles EA, Schimpff SC, Young VM, Greene WH, Wiernik PH. Torulopsis glabrata pneumonitis in patients with cancer. Report of three cases. JAMA. 1974 Oct 28; 230(4):584-5. PMID: 4528832.
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    254. Sickles EA, Belliveau RE, Wiernik PH. Primary mediastinal choriocarcinoma in the male. Cancer. 1974 Apr; 33(4):1196-203. PMID: 4856444.
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    255. Sickles EA, Young VM, Greene WH, Wiernik PH. Pneumonia in acute leukemia. Ann Intern Med. 1973 Oct; 79(4):528-34. PMID: 4518300.
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    256. Sickles EA, Sklansky BD, Wiernik PH. Benign intrathoracic lesions mimicking recurrent cancer. JAMA. 1973 Jul 09; 225(2):156-8. PMID: 4351467.
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    257. Van Echo DA, Sickles EA, Wiernik PH. Thoracic outlet syndrome, supraclavicular adenopathy, Hodgkin's disease. Ann Intern Med. 1973 Apr; 78(4):608-9. PMID: 4694046.
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    258. Belliveau RE, Wiernik PH, Sickles EA. Blood carcinoembryonic antigen, Regan isoenzyme, and human chorionic gonadotrophin in a man with primary mediastinal choriocarcinoma. Lancet. 1973 Jan 06; 1(7793):22-4. PMID: 4118540.
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