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Glenn-Milo Santos, PhD, MPH

TitleAssistant Professor
SchoolUCSF School of Nursing
DepartmentCommunity Health Systems
Phone415-502-0955
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California San FranciscoPh.D.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
    University of California, BerkeleyM.P.H.Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health
    Carleton CollegeB.A. Biology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Carleton College2003Freeman Foundation Research Fellowship
    San Francisco Health Commission2005Youth Health Advisor
    2011 National HIV Prevention Conference, Centers For Disease Control and Prevention2011Young Innovator in HIV Research
    6th IAS Conference On HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention 2011Gold Star Scientific Merit Award
    Graduate Division, University of California, San Francisco2012Graduate Research Mentorship Fellowship
    National Institutes of Health2012National Institute on Drug Abuse Dissertation Research Award
    University of California Office of the President2013University of California President’s Dissertation-Year Fellowship Program Award
    National Institute of Health, Office of the Director2014National Institute of Health Director’s Early Independence Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My research foci involve the development of pharmacologic and behavioral interventions to reduce substance use and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among key populations at risk for HIV, including men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, and people who use drugs. In addition, I am interested in evaluating the impact of alcohol and substance use on HIV treatment and care among HIV-positive individuals.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    The Better THAN Study: Targeting Heavy Alcohol with Naltrexone among MSM
    NIH DP5OD019809Sep 1, 2014 - Aug 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Intermittent Naltrexone among Polysubstance Users
    NIH R36DA035109Sep 30, 2012 - Aug 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Jain J, Santos GM, Scheer S, Gibson S, Crouch PC, Kohn R, Chang W, Carrico AW. Rates and Correlates of Syphilis Reinfection in Men Who Have Sex with Men. LGBT Health. 2016 Dec 19. PMID: 27991843.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Ayala G, Santos GM. Will the global HIV response fail gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men? J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(1):21098. PMID: 27876454.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Turner CM, Santos GM, Arayasirikul S, Wilson EC. Psychosocial predictors of engagement in sexual risk behavior among trans*female youth ages 16 - 24 years in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Nov 14. PMID: 27861237.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Behar E, Rowe C, Santos G, Coffa D, Turner C, Santos NC, Coffin PO. Acceptability of Naloxone Co-Prescription Among Primary Care Providers Treating Patients on Long-Term Opioid Therapy for Pain. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Nov 4. PMID: 27815762.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Rowe C, Vittinghoff E, Santos GM, Behar E, Turner C, Coffin P. Performance measures of diagnostic codes for detecting opioid overdose in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 Oct 20. PMID: 27763703.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Bender MS, Santos GM, Villanueva C, Arai S. Development of a Mobile Phone-Based Weight Loss Lifestyle Intervention for Filipino Americans with Type 2 Diabetes: Protocol and Early Results From the PilAm Go4Health Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016; 5(3):e178. PMID: 27608829.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Behar E, Rowe C, Santos GM, Murphy S, Coffin PO. Primary Care Patient Experience with Naloxone Prescription. Ann Fam Med. 2016 Sep; 14(5):431-6. PMID: 27621159.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Scheim AI, Santos G, Arreola S, Makofane K, Do TD, Hebert P, Thomann M, Ayala G. Inequities in access to HIV prevention services for transgender men: results of a global survey of men who have sex with men. J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(3 Suppl 2):20779. PMID: 27431466.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Coffin PO, Behar E, Rowe C, Santos G, Coffa D, Bald M, Vittinghoff E, et al. Nonrandomized Intervention Study of Naloxone Coprescription for Primary Care Patients Receiving Long-Term Opioid Therapy for Pain. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Jun 28. PMID: 27366987.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Rowe C, Liou T, Vittinghoff E, Coffin PO, Santos G, et al. Binge drinking concurrent with anal intercourse and condom use among men who have sex with men. AIDS Care. 2016 May 30; 1-5. PMID: 27241085.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Rowe C, Hern J, DeMartini A, Jennings D, Sommers M, Walker J, Santos GM. Concordance of Text Message Ecological Momentary Assessment and Retrospective Survey Data Among Substance-Using Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016; 4(2):e44. PMID: 27230545.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Santos G, Coffin P, Santos D, Huffaker S, Matheson T, Euren J, DeMartini A, Rowe C, Hahn JA, Vlahov D, Vittinghoff E, Batki SL. Feasibility, Acceptability, and Tolerability of Targeted Naltrexone for Nondependent Methamphetamine-Using and Binge-Drinking Men Who Have Sex with Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 May 1; 72(1):21-30. PMID: 26674372.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Rowe C, Matheson T, Das M, DeMicco E, Herbst JH, Coffin PO, Santos G. Correlates of recent HIV testing among substance-using men who have sex with men. Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Mar 21. PMID: 27000299.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Santos G, Makofane K, Arreola S, Do T, Ayala G. Reductions in access to HIV prevention and care services are associated with arrest and convictions in a global survey of men who have sex with men. Sex Transm Infect. 2016 Mar 4. PMID: 26944344.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Raymond HF, Scheer S, Santos G, McFarland W. Examining progress toward the UNAIDS 90-90-90 framework among men who have sex with men, San Francisco, 2014. AIDS Care. 2016 Sep; 28(9):1177-80. PMID: 26916991.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Rowe C, Santos G, Vittinghoff E, Wheeler E, Davidson P, Coffin PO. Neighborhood-Level and Spatial Characteristics Associated with Lay Naloxone Reversal Events and Opioid Overdose Deaths. J Urban Health. 2016 Feb; 93(1):117-30. PMID: 26800987.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Rowe C, Santos G, Behar E, Coffin PO. Correlates of overdose risk perception among illicit opioid users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Feb 1; 159:234-9. PMID: 26754425.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Cohen JK, Santos G, Moss NJ, Coffin PO, Block N, Klausner JD. Regular clinic attendance in two large San Francisco HIV primary care settings. AIDS Care. 2016 May; 28(5):579-84. PMID: 26654093.
      View in: PubMed
    19. de Haan G, Santos GM, Arayasirikul S, Raymond HF. Non-Prescribed Hormone Use and Barriers to Care for Transgender Women in San Francisco. LGBT Health. 2015 Dec; 2(4):313-23. PMID: 26788772.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Santos GM, Jin H, Raymond HF. Pervasive Heavy Alcohol Use and Correlates of Increasing Levels of Binge Drinking among Men Who Have Sex with Men, San Francisco, 2011. J Urban Health. 2015 Aug; 92(4):687-700. PMID: 25895622; PMCID: PMC4524848 [Available on 08/01/16].
    21. Rowe C, Santos GM, Vittinghoff E, Wheeler E, Davidson P, Coffin PO. Predictors of participant engagement and naloxone utilization in a community-based naloxone distribution program. Addiction. 2015 Aug; 110(8):1301-10. PMID: 25917125; PMCID: PMC4503489 [Available on 08/01/16].
    22. Visconti AJ, Santos GM, Lemos NP, Burke C, Coffin PO. Opioid Overdose Deaths in the City and County of San Francisco: Prevalence, Distribution, and Disparities. J Urban Health. 2015 Aug; 92(4):758-72. PMID: 26077643; PMCID: PMC4524842 [Available on 08/01/16].
    23. Asiimwe SB, Fatch R, Emenyonu NI, Muyindike WR, Kekibiina A, Santos GM, Greenfield TK, Hahn JA. Comparison of Traditional and Novel Self-Report Measures to an Alcohol Biomarker for Quantifying Alcohol Consumption Among HIV-Infected Adults in Sub-Saharan Africa. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015 Aug; 39(8):1518-27. PMID: 26148140; PMCID: PMC4515166 [Available on 08/01/16].
    24. Coffin PO, Rowe C, Santos GM. Novel interventions to prevent HIV and HCV among persons who inject drugs. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2015 Mar; 12(1):145-63. PMID: 25589380.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Scheim AI, Arreola S, Do T, Makofane K, Santos GM, Thomann M, Wilson PA, Ayala G. Potential for conceptual bias in studies of racial disparities in HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Mar 1; 68(3):e42-3. PMID: 25296101.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Arreola S, Santos GM, Beck J, Sundararaj M, Wilson PA, Hebert P, Makofane K, Do TD, Ayala G. Sexual stigma, criminalization, investment, and access to HIV services among men who have sex with men worldwide. AIDS Behav. 2015 Feb; 19(2):227-34. PMID: 25086670.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Behar E, Santos GM, Wheeler E, Rowe C, Coffin PO. Brief overdose education is sufficient for naloxone distribution to opioid users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Mar 1; 148:209-12. PMID: 25595053.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Rowe C, Santos GM, McFarland W, Wilson EC. Prevalence and correlates of substance use among trans female youth ages 16-24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Feb 1; 147:160-6. PMID: 25548025; PMCID: PMC4297727 [Available on 02/01/16].
    29. Ayala G, Makofane K, Santos G, Arreola S, Hebert P, Thomann M, Wilson P, Beck J, Do TD. HIV Treatment Cascades that Leak: Correlates of Drop-off from the HIV Care Continuum among Men who have Sex with Men Worldwide. Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research. 2014.
    30. Wilson EC, Santos GM, Raymond HF. Sexual mixing and the risk environment of sexually active transgender women: data from a respondent-driven sampling study of HIV risk among transwomen in San Francisco, 2010. BMC Infect Dis. 2014; 14:430. PMID: 25100405; PMCID: PMC4132923.
    31. Hermanstyne KA, Santos GM, Vittinghoff E, Santos D, Colfax G, Coffin P. Event-level relationship between methamphetamine use significantly associated with non-adherence to pharmacologic trial medications in event-level analyses. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Oct 1; 143:277-80. PMID: 25156227; PMCID: PMC4170077.
    32. Hanckel B, Garcia L, Santos G, Manalastas EJ. Assessing needs and capabilities: Towards an ICT resource to support HIV-positive gay men and other MSM in Southeast Asia. Digital Culture & Education. 2014; 6(2014).
    33. Coffin PO, Santos GM, Colfax G, Das M, Matheson T, DeMicco E, Dilley J, Vittinghoff E, Raiford JL, Carry M, Herbst JH. Adapted personalized cognitive counseling for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men: a randomized controlled trial. AIDS Behav. 2014 Jul; 18(7):1390-400. PMID: 24510401.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Knight KR, Das M, DeMicco E, Raiford JL, Matheson T, Shook A, Antunez E, Santos GM, Dadasovich R, Dilley JW, Colfax GN, Herbst JH. A roadmap for adapting an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention: personal cognitive counseling (PCC) for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men. Prev Sci. 2014 Jun; 15(3):364-75. PMID: 23412947.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Asher AK, Santos GM, Evans J, Dokubo EK, Lee TH, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Tobler LH, Busch M, Hunt PW, Page K. A closer look at hepatitis C clearance in HIV controllers: a response. AIDS. 2014 May 15; 28(8):1241-2. PMID: 25028914; PMCID: PMC4214212.
    36. Santos GM, Wilson EC, Rapues J, Macias O, Packer T, Raymond HF. HIV treatment cascade among transgender women in a San Francisco respondent driven sampling study. Sex Transm Infect. 2014 Aug; 90(5):430-3. PMID: 24714446.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Santos GM, Rapues J, Wilson EC, Macias O, Packer T, Colfax G, Raymond HF. Alcohol and substance use among transgender women in San Francisco: prevalence and association with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2014 May; 33(3):287-95. PMID: 24628655.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Santos GM, Coffin PO, Vittinghoff E, DeMicco E, Das M, Matheson T, Raiford JL, Carry M, Colfax G, Herbst JH, Dilley JW. Substance use and drinking outcomes in Personalized Cognitive Counseling randomized trial for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 May 1; 138:234-9. PMID: 24641808.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Pyun T, Santos GM, Arreola S, Do T, Hebert P, Beck J, Makofane K, Wilson PA, Ayala G. Internalized homophobia and reduced HIV testing among men who have sex with men in China. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2014 Mar; 26(2):118-25. PMID: 24554493.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Santos GM, Do T, Beck J, Makofane K, Arreola S, Pyun T, Hebert P, Wilson PA, Ayala G. Syndemic conditions associated with increased HIV risk in a global sample of men who have sex with men. Sex Transm Infect. 2014 May; 90(3):250-3. PMID: 24431183.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Asher AK, Santos GM, Evans J, Dokubo EK, Lee TH, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Tobler LH, Busch M, Hunt PW, Page K. Human leukocyte antigen B*57 does not fully explain hepatitis C clearance in HIV controllers. AIDS. 2013 Nov 13; 27(17):2691-6. PMID: 23939233; PMCID: PMC4125012.
    42. Santos GM, Emenyonu NI, Bajunirwe F, Rain Mocello A, Martin JN, Vittinghoff E, Bangsberg DR, Hahn JA. Self-reported alcohol abstinence associated with ART initiation among HIV-infected persons in rural Uganda. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jan 1; 134:151-7. PMID: 24169501; PMCID: PMC3885244.
    43. Santos GM, Beck J, Wilson PA, Hebert P, Makofane K, Pyun T, Do T, Arreola S, Ayala G. Homophobia as a barrier to HIV prevention service access for young men who have sex with men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 15; 63(5):e167-70. PMID: 24135782.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Santos GM, Coffin PO, Das M, Matheson T, DeMicco E, Raiford JL, Vittinghoff E, Dilley JW, Colfax G, Herbst JH. Dose-response associations between number and frequency of substance use and high-risk sexual behaviors among HIV-negative substance-using men who have sex with men (SUMSM) in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 1; 63(4):540-4. PMID: 23572012.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Ayala G, Makofane K, Santos GM, Beck J, Do TD, Hebert P, Wilson PA, Pyun T, Arreola S. Access to Basic HIV-Related Services and PrEP Acceptability among Men Who Have sex with Men Worldwide: Barriers, Facilitators, and Implications for Combination Prevention. J Sex Transm Dis. 2013; 2013:953123. PMID: 26316968; PMCID: PMC4437423.
    46. Coffin PO, Santos GM, Das M, Santos DM, Huffaker S, Matheson T, Gasper J, Vittinghoff E, Colfax GN. Aripiprazole for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Addiction. 2013 Apr; 108(4):751-61. PMID: 23186131; PMCID: PMC3602333.
    47. Colfax GN, Santos GM, Das M, Santos DM, Matheson T, Gasper J, Shoptaw S, Vittinghoff E. Mirtazapine to reduce methamphetamine use: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Nov; 68(11):1168-75. PMID: 22065532; PMCID: PMC3437988.
    48. Santos GM, Das M, Colfax GN. Interventions for non-injection substance use among US men who have sex with men: what is needed. AIDS Behav. 2011 Apr; 15 Suppl 1:S51-6. PMID: 21404011; PMCID: PMC3064889.
    49. Colfax G, Santos GM, Chu P, Vittinghoff E, Pluddemann A, Kumar S, Hart C. Amphetamine-group substances and HIV. Lancet. 2010 Aug 7; 376(9739):458-74. PMID: 20650520.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Das M, Chu PL, Santos GM, Scheer S, Vittinghoff E, McFarland W, Colfax GN. Decreases in community viral load are accompanied by reductions in new HIV infections in San Francisco. PLoS One. 2010; 5(6):e11068. PMID: 20548786; PMCID: PMC2883572.
    51. Das M, Santos D, Matheson T, Santos GM, Chu P, Vittinghoff E, Shoptaw S, Colfax GN. Feasibility and acceptability of a phase II randomized pharmacologic intervention for methamphetamine dependence in high-risk men who have sex with men. AIDS. 2010 Apr 24; 24(7):991-1000. PMID: 20397286; PMCID: PMC3619723.
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