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    Glenn-Milo Santos, PhD, MPH

    TitleAssistant Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Nursing
    DepartmentCommunity Health Systems
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      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      University of California San FranciscoPh.D.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
      University of California, BerkeleyM.P.H.Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health
      Carleton CollegeB.A. Biology
      Collapse Awards and Honors
      Carleton College2003Freeman Foundation Research Fellowship
      San Francisco Health Commission2005Youth Health Advisor
      2011 National HIV Prevention Conference, Centers For Disease Control and Prevention2011Young Innovator in HIV Research
      6th IAS Conference On HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention 2011Gold Star Scientific Merit Award
      Graduate Division, University of California, San Francisco2012Graduate Research Mentorship Fellowship
      National Institutes of Health2012National Institute on Drug Abuse Dissertation Research Award
      University of California Office of the President2013University of California President’s Dissertation-Year Fellowship Program Award
      National Institute of Health, Office of the Director2014National Institute of Health Director’s Early Independence Award

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      My research foci involve the development of pharmacologic and behavioral interventions to reduce substance use and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among key populations at risk for HIV, including men who have sex with men, transgender individuals, and people who use drugs. In addition, I am interested in evaluating the impact of alcohol and substance use on HIV treatment and care among HIV-positive individuals.

      Collapse Interests
      HIV and AIDS, HIV prevention, Men who have sex with men, Transgender, People who inject drugs, Substance Use, Pharmacotherapy, Pharmacologic Interventions, Alcohol, Methamphetamine, Stimulants, Sexual Risk Behaviors, Stigma, HIV care

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      Collapse Global Health
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      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Ayala G, Santos GM. Will the global HIV response fail gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men? J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(1):21098. PMID: 27876454.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Turner CM, Santos GM, Arayasirikul S, Wilson EC. Psychosocial predictors of engagement in sexual risk behavior among trans*female youth ages 16 - 24 years in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Nov 14. PMID: 27861237.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Behar E, Rowe C, Santos GM, Coffa D, Turner C, Santos NC, Coffin PO. Acceptability of Naloxone Co-Prescription Among Primary Care Providers Treating Patients on Long-Term Opioid Therapy for Pain. J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Nov 4. PMID: 27815762.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Rowe C, Vittinghoff E, Santos GM, Behar E, Turner C, Coffin P. Performance measures of diagnostic codes for detecting opioid overdose in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med. 2016 Oct 20. PMID: 27763703.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Bender MS, Santos GM, Villanueva C, Arai S. Development of a Mobile Phone-Based Weight Loss Lifestyle Intervention for Filipino Americans with Type 2 Diabetes: Protocol and Early Results From the PilAm Go4Health Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc. 2016; 5(3):e178. PMID: 27608829.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Behar E, Rowe C, Santos GM, Murphy S, Coffin PO. Primary Care Patient Experience with Naloxone Prescription. Ann Fam Med. 2016 Sep; 14(5):431-6. PMID: 27621159.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Scheim AI, Santos GM, Arreola S, Makofane K, Do TD, Hebert P, Thomann M, Ayala G. Inequities in access to HIV prevention services for transgender men: results of a global survey of men who have sex with men. J Int AIDS Soc. 2016; 19(3 Suppl 2):20779. PMID: 27431466.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Coffin PO, Behar E, Rowe C, Santos GM, Coffa D, Bald M, Vittinghoff E, et al. Nonrandomized Intervention Study of Naloxone Coprescription for Primary Care Patients Receiving Long-Term Opioid Therapy for Pain. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Jun 28. PMID: 27366987.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Rowe C, Liou T, Vittinghoff E, Coffin PO, Santos GM, et al. Binge drinking concurrent with anal intercourse and condom use among men who have sex with men. AIDS Care. 2016 May 30; 1-5. PMID: 27241085.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Rowe C, Hern J, DeMartini A, Jennings D, Sommers M, Walker J, Santos GM. Concordance of Text Message Ecological Momentary Assessment and Retrospective Survey Data Among Substance-Using Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2016; 4(2):e44. PMID: 27230545.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Santos GM, Coffin P, Santos D, Huffaker S, Matheson T, Euren J, DeMartini A, Rowe C, Hahn JA, Vlahov D, Vittinghoff E, Batki SL. Feasibility, Acceptability, and Tolerability of Targeted Naltrexone for Nondependent Methamphetamine-Using and Binge-Drinking Men Who Have Sex with Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 May 1; 72(1):21-30. PMID: 26674372.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Rowe C, Matheson T, Das M, DeMicco E, Herbst JH, Coffin PO, Santos GM. Correlates of recent HIV testing among substance-using men who have sex with men. Int J STD AIDS. 2016 Mar 21. PMID: 27000299.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Santos GM, Makofane K, Arreola S, Do T, Ayala G. Reductions in access to HIV prevention and care services are associated with arrest and convictions in a global survey of men who have sex with men. Sex Transm Infect. 2016 Mar 4. PMID: 26944344.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Raymond HF, Scheer S, Santos GM, McFarland W. Examining progress toward the UNAIDS 90-90-90 framework among men who have sex with men, San Francisco, 2014. AIDS Care. 2016 Sep; 28(9):1177-80. PMID: 26916991.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Rowe C, Santos GM, Vittinghoff E, Wheeler E, Davidson P, Coffin PO. Neighborhood-Level and Spatial Characteristics Associated with Lay Naloxone Reversal Events and Opioid Overdose Deaths. J Urban Health. 2016 Feb; 93(1):117-30. PMID: 26800987.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Rowe C, Santos GM, Behar E, Coffin PO. Correlates of overdose risk perception among illicit opioid users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2016 Feb 1; 159:234-9. PMID: 26754425.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Cohen JK, Santos GM, Moss NJ, Coffin PO, Block N, Klausner JD. Regular clinic attendance in two large San Francisco HIV primary care settings. AIDS Care. 2016 May; 28(5):579-84. PMID: 26654093.
        View in: PubMed
      18. de Haan G, Santos GM, Arayasirikul S, Raymond HF. Non-Prescribed Hormone Use and Barriers to Care for Transgender Women in San Francisco. LGBT Health. 2015 Dec; 2(4):313-23. PMID: 26788772.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Santos GM, Jin H, Raymond HF. Pervasive Heavy Alcohol Use and Correlates of Increasing Levels of Binge Drinking among Men Who Have Sex with Men, San Francisco, 2011. J Urban Health. 2015 Aug; 92(4):687-700. PMID: 25895622; PMCID: PMC4524848 [Available on 08/01/16].
      20. Rowe C, Santos GM, Vittinghoff E, Wheeler E, Davidson P, Coffin PO. Predictors of participant engagement and naloxone utilization in a community-based naloxone distribution program. Addiction. 2015 Aug; 110(8):1301-10. PMID: 25917125; PMCID: PMC4503489 [Available on 08/01/16].
      21. Visconti AJ, Santos GM, Lemos NP, Burke C, Coffin PO. Opioid Overdose Deaths in the City and County of San Francisco: Prevalence, Distribution, and Disparities. J Urban Health. 2015 Aug; 92(4):758-72. PMID: 26077643; PMCID: PMC4524842 [Available on 08/01/16].
      22. Asiimwe SB, Fatch R, Emenyonu NI, Muyindike WR, Kekibiina A, Santos GM, Greenfield TK, Hahn JA. Comparison of Traditional and Novel Self-Report Measures to an Alcohol Biomarker for Quantifying Alcohol Consumption Among HIV-Infected Adults in Sub-Saharan Africa. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2015 Aug; 39(8):1518-27. PMID: 26148140; PMCID: PMC4515166 [Available on 08/01/16].
      23. Coffin PO, Rowe C, Santos GM. Novel interventions to prevent HIV and HCV among persons who inject drugs. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2015 Mar; 12(1):145-63. PMID: 25589380.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Scheim AI, Arreola S, Do T, Makofane K, Santos GM, Thomann M, Wilson PA, Ayala G. Potential for conceptual bias in studies of racial disparities in HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Mar 1; 68(3):e42-3. PMID: 25296101.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Arreola S, Santos GM, Beck J, Sundararaj M, Wilson PA, Hebert P, Makofane K, Do TD, Ayala G. Sexual stigma, criminalization, investment, and access to HIV services among men who have sex with men worldwide. AIDS Behav. 2015 Feb; 19(2):227-34. PMID: 25086670.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Behar E, Santos GM, Wheeler E, Rowe C, Coffin PO. Brief overdose education is sufficient for naloxone distribution to opioid users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Mar 1; 148:209-12. PMID: 25595053.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Rowe C, Santos GM, McFarland W, Wilson EC. Prevalence and correlates of substance use among trans female youth ages 16-24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Feb 1; 147:160-6. PMID: 25548025; PMCID: PMC4297727 [Available on 02/01/16].
      28. Ayala G, Makofane K, Santos GM, Arreola S, Hebert P, Thomann M, Wilson P, Beck J, Do TD. . HIV Treatment Cascades that Leak: Correlates of Drop-off from the HIV Care Continuum among Men who have Sex with Men Worldwide. Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research. 2014.
      29. Wilson EC, Santos GM, Raymond HF. Sexual mixing and the risk environment of sexually active transgender women: data from a respondent-driven sampling study of HIV risk among transwomen in San Francisco, 2010. BMC Infect Dis. 2014; 14:430. PMID: 25100405; PMCID: PMC4132923.
      30. Hermanstyne KA, Santos GM, Vittinghoff E, Santos D, Colfax G, Coffin P. Event-level relationship between methamphetamine use significantly associated with non-adherence to pharmacologic trial medications in event-level analyses. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Oct 1; 143:277-80. PMID: 25156227; PMCID: PMC4170077.
      31. Hanckel B, Garcia L, Santos GM, Manalastas EJ. . Assessing needs and capabilities: Towards an ICT resource to support HIV-positive gay men and other MSM in Southeast Asia. Digital Culture & Education. 2014; 6(2014).
      32. Coffin PO, Santos GM, Colfax G, Das M, Matheson T, DeMicco E, Dilley J, Vittinghoff E, Raiford JL, Carry M, Herbst JH. Adapted personalized cognitive counseling for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men: a randomized controlled trial. AIDS Behav. 2014 Jul; 18(7):1390-400. PMID: 24510401.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Knight KR, Das M, DeMicco E, Raiford JL, Matheson T, Shook A, Antunez E, Santos GM, Dadasovich R, Dilley JW, Colfax GN, Herbst JH. A roadmap for adapting an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention: personal cognitive counseling (PCC) for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men. Prev Sci. 2014 Jun; 15(3):364-75. PMID: 23412947.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Asher AK, Santos GM, Evans J, Dokubo EK, Lee TH, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Tobler LH, Busch M, Hunt PW, Page K. A closer look at hepatitis C clearance in HIV controllers: a response. AIDS. 2014 May 15; 28(8):1241-2. PMID: 25028914; PMCID: PMC4214212.
      35. Santos GM, Wilson EC, Rapues J, Macias O, Packer T, Raymond HF. HIV treatment cascade among transgender women in a San Francisco respondent driven sampling study. Sex Transm Infect. 2014 Aug; 90(5):430-3. PMID: 24714446.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Santos GM, Rapues J, Wilson EC, Macias O, Packer T, Colfax G, Raymond HF. Alcohol and substance use among transgender women in San Francisco: prevalence and association with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2014 May; 33(3):287-95. PMID: 24628655.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Santos GM, Coffin PO, Vittinghoff E, DeMicco E, Das M, Matheson T, Raiford JL, Carry M, Colfax G, Herbst JH, Dilley JW. Substance use and drinking outcomes in Personalized Cognitive Counseling randomized trial for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 May 1; 138:234-9. PMID: 24641808.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Pyun T, Santos GM, Arreola S, Do T, Hebert P, Beck J, Makofane K, Wilson PA, Ayala G. Internalized homophobia and reduced HIV testing among men who have sex with men in China. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2014 Mar; 26(2):118-25. PMID: 24554493.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Santos GM, Do T, Beck J, Makofane K, Arreola S, Pyun T, Hebert P, Wilson PA, Ayala G. Syndemic conditions associated with increased HIV risk in a global sample of men who have sex with men. Sex Transm Infect. 2014 May; 90(3):250-3. PMID: 24431183.
        View in: PubMed
      40. Asher AK, Santos GM, Evans J, Dokubo EK, Lee TH, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Tobler LH, Busch M, Hunt PW, Page K. Human leukocyte antigen B*57 does not fully explain hepatitis C clearance in HIV controllers. AIDS. 2013 Nov 13; 27(17):2691-6. PMID: 23939233; PMCID: PMC4125012.
      41. Santos GM, Emenyonu NI, Bajunirwe F, Rain Mocello A, Martin JN, Vittinghoff E, Bangsberg DR, Hahn JA. Self-reported alcohol abstinence associated with ART initiation among HIV-infected persons in rural Uganda. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jan 1; 134:151-7. PMID: 24169501; PMCID: PMC3885244.
      42. Santos GM, Beck J, Wilson PA, Hebert P, Makofane K, Pyun T, Do T, Arreola S, Ayala G. Homophobia as a barrier to HIV prevention service access for young men who have sex with men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 15; 63(5):e167-70. PMID: 24135782.
        View in: PubMed
      43. Santos GM, Coffin PO, Das M, Matheson T, DeMicco E, Raiford JL, Vittinghoff E, Dilley JW, Colfax G, Herbst JH. Dose-response associations between number and frequency of substance use and high-risk sexual behaviors among HIV-negative substance-using men who have sex with men (SUMSM) in San Francisco. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 1; 63(4):540-4. PMID: 23572012.
        View in: PubMed
      44. Ayala G, Makofane K, Santos GM, Beck J, Do TD, Hebert P, Wilson PA, Pyun T, Arreola S. Access to Basic HIV-Related Services and PrEP Acceptability among Men Who Have sex with Men Worldwide: Barriers, Facilitators, and Implications for Combination Prevention. J Sex Transm Dis. 2013; 2013:953123. PMID: 26316968; PMCID: PMC4437423.
      45. Coffin PO, Santos GM, Das M, Santos DM, Huffaker S, Matheson T, Gasper J, Vittinghoff E, Colfax GN. Aripiprazole for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Addiction. 2013 Apr; 108(4):751-61. PMID: 23186131; PMCID: PMC3602333.
      46. Colfax GN, Santos GM, Das M, Santos DM, Matheson T, Gasper J, Shoptaw S, Vittinghoff E. Mirtazapine to reduce methamphetamine use: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Nov; 68(11):1168-75. PMID: 22065532; PMCID: PMC3437988.
      47. Santos GM, Das M, Colfax GN. Interventions for non-injection substance use among US men who have sex with men: what is needed. AIDS Behav. 2011 Apr; 15 Suppl 1:S51-6. PMID: 21404011; PMCID: PMC3064889.
      48. Colfax G, Santos GM, Chu P, Vittinghoff E, Pluddemann A, Kumar S, Hart C. Amphetamine-group substances and HIV. Lancet. 2010 Aug 7; 376(9739):458-74. PMID: 20650520.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Das M, Chu PL, Santos GM, Scheer S, Vittinghoff E, McFarland W, Colfax GN. Decreases in community viral load are accompanied by reductions in new HIV infections in San Francisco. PLoS One. 2010; 5(6):e11068. PMID: 20548786; PMCID: PMC2883572.
      50. Das M, Santos D, Matheson T, Santos GM, Chu P, Vittinghoff E, Shoptaw S, Colfax GN. Feasibility and acceptability of a phase II randomized pharmacologic intervention for methamphetamine dependence in high-risk men who have sex with men. AIDS. 2010 Apr 24; 24(7):991-1000. PMID: 20397286; PMCID: PMC3619723.
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