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    Grayson Marshall, JR, DDS, PhD, MPH

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Dentistry
    DepartmentPreventive & Restor Dent Sci
    Address707 Parnassus Ave, Dentistry
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-476-9119
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      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      Virginia TechBSMetallurgical Engineering
      Northwestern UniversityDDSDental School
      Northwestern UniversityPhDGraduate School
      Northwestern UniversityPost-Doctoral ScholarBiological Materials
      University of Melbourne (Australia)Visiting Fellow Prosthodontics
      University of California BerkeleyMaster of Public HealthEpidemiology
      Malmo University (Sweden)Dr. of Odontology. (h.c.)Odontology

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      Grayson W. Marshall, Jr received a BS degree in engineering at Virginia Tech , a DDS and PhD from Northwestern University, an MPH in epidemiology from U.C. Berkeley., and an honorary doctorate from Malmo University, Malmo, Sweden. Dr. Marshall was a post-doctoral scholar in biological materials at Northwestern and a visiting fellow at University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He served on the Northwestern University faculty from 1973-87, before joining UCSF where he is currently Distinguished Professor Emeritus. He has served as Chair of the Division of Biomaterials and Bioengineering 1988-present, and Vice Chair, Dept. of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences from 2005-12. . Dr. Marshall served as Director for the UCSF Comprehensive Oral Health Research Training (COHORT) Program (2001-08), the Dentist Scientist Award Program (1996-2004) and the Integrated DDS/PhD Program (1996-08); he was Chair of the Oral and Craniofacial Sciences (OCS) Graduate Group (2002-07), and is a member of several other UCSF graduate programs and groups. He holds fellowships in AAAS, the Academy of Dental Materials, American College of Dentists, the International College of Dentists, and the American Assoc. for Dental Research.. In 2007 he received the IADR Wilmer Souder Distinguished Scientist Award, and in 2009 the ADM Founders Award. He served as President of the American Association for Dental Research in 2009-10.

      Our research group studies structure-mechanical property relationships of calcified tissues (bone, cementum, dentin, enamel). The main functions of these biological materials are mechanical, but much work is needed to understand how their unique and versatile properties are derived based on combinations of protein and mineral. We seek insight into biomineralization processes associated with these tissues during development, alterations resulting from disease, or repair and regeneration from clinical treatments. We also focus on natural interfaces between various calcified tissues and artificial interfaces between the tissues and artificial materials, e.g., dental restorations, implants, bioactive substrates. We use a wide variety of approaches including atomic force microscopy (AFM; and AFM-based nano-indentation) as well as other high resolution imaging methods and participate in wide ranging collaborations in the Bay Area. This work helps define alteration in properties and structure with hydration state, mineral level, and variations induced by disease and physiological processes. This information is needed to develop a composite structural model of calcified tissues and can assist in the development of bioinspired materials and tissue engineering.


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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Nurrohman H, Saeki K, Carneiro K, Chien YC, Djomehri S, Ho SP, Qin C, Marshall SJ, Gower LB, Marshall GW, Habelitz S. Repair of dentin defects from DSPP knockout mice by PILP mineralization. J Mater Res. 2016 Feb 15; 31(3):321-327. PMID: 27239097.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Saeki K, Marshall GW, Gansky SA, Parkinson CR, Marshall SJ. Strontium effects on root dentin tubule occlusion and nanomechanical properties. Dent Mater. 2016 Feb; 32(2):240-51. PMID: 26764175.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Kurylo MP, Grandfield K, Marshall GW, Altoe V, Aloni S, Ho SP. Effect of proteoglycans at interfaces as related to location, architecture, and mechanical cues. Arch Oral Biol. 2016 Mar; 63:82-92. PMID: 26741830.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Saeki K, Chin AF, Nonomura GT, Hilton JF, Chien YC, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. In vitro evaluation of adhesive characteristics of 4-META/MMA-TBB resin with organic filler. Dent Mater. 2015 Dec; 31(12):1567-78. PMID: 26590030.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Chien YC, Burwell AK, Saeki K, Fernandez-Martinez A, Pugach MK, Nonomura G, Habelitz S, Ho SP, Rapozo-Hilo M, Featherstone JD, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Distinct decalcification process of dentin by different cariogenic organic acids: Kinetics, ultrastructure and mechanical properties. Arch Oral Biol. 2016 Mar; 63:93-105. PMID: 26745819.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Djomehri SI, Candell S, Case T, Browning A, Marshall GW, Yun W, Lau SH, Webb S, Ho SP. Mineral density volume gradients in normal and diseased human tissues. PLoS One. 2015; 10(4):e0121611. PMID: 25856386; PMCID: PMC4391782.
      7. Habelitz S, Hsu T, Hsiao P, Saeki K, Chien Y-C, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW., . . Advances in Bioceramics and Biotechnologies II, Ceramic Transactions. The natural process of biomineralization and in vitro remineralization of dentin lesions. Joanna McKittrick (Editor), Roger Narayan (Editor), Hua-Tay Lin (Series Editor) . 2014; 247:13-24.
      8. Pinzon LM, Watanabe LG, Reis AF, Powers JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Analysis of interfacial structure and bond strength of self-etch adhesives. Am J Dent. 2013 Dec; 26(6):335-40. PMID: 24640438; PMCID: PMC3962957.
      9. Thompson VP, Watson TF, Marshall GW, Blackman BR, Stansbury JW, Schadler LS, Pearson RA, Libanori R. Outside-the-(cavity-prep)-box thinking. Adv Dent Res. 2013 Nov; 25(1):24-32. PMID: 24129814; PMCID: PMC3797535.
      10. Ho SP, Kurylo MP, Grandfield K, Hurng J, Herber RP, Ryder MI, Altoe V, Aloni S, Feng JQ, Webb S, Marshall GW, Curtis D, Andrews JC, Pianetta P. The plastic nature of the human bone-periodontal ligament-tooth fibrous joint. Bone. 2013 Dec; 57(2):455-67. PMID: 24063947; PMCID: PMC3938967.
      11. Saffarian Tousi N, Velten MF, Bishop TJ, Leong KK, Barkhordar NS, Marshall GW, Loomer PM, Aswath PB, Varanasi VG. Combinatorial effect of Si4+, Ca2+, and Mg2+ released from bioactive glasses on osteoblast osteocalcin expression and biomineralization. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2013 Jul 1; 33(5):2757-65. PMID: 23623093.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Varanasi VG, Leong KK, Dominia LM, Jue SM, Loomer PM, Marshall GW. Si and Ca individually and combinatorially target enhanced MC3T3-E1 subclone 4 early osteogenic marker expression. J Oral Implantol. 2012 Aug; 38(4):325-36. PMID: 22913306.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Burwell AK, Thula-Mata T, Gower LB, Habelitz S, Habeliz S, Kurylo M, Ho SP, Chien YC, Cheng J, Cheng NF, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Functional remineralization of dentin lesions using polymer-induced liquid-precursor process. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e38852. PMID: 22719965; PMCID: PMC3374775.
      14. Bertassoni LE, Marshall GW, Swain MV. Mechanical heterogeneity of dentin at different length scales as determined by AFM phase contrast. Micron. 2012 Dec; 43(12):1364-71. PMID: 22575216.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Varanasi V, Leong KK, Jue SM, Dominia LM, Loomer PM, Marshall GW. Si and Ca Combinatorially Target and Enhance Early MC3T3-E1 Osteoblast Expression of Osteocalcin. J Oral Implantol. 2012 Mar 1. PMID: 22380738.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Khajotia SS. . . Chapter 2. The Oral Environment. Craig's Restorative Dental Materials. Eds: Sakaguchi RL, Powers JM,. 2012; 5-23.
      17. Goodis HE, Marshall SJ, Tay FR, Marshall GW. . Seltzer and Bender’s Dental Pulp. (Eds: Hargreaves KM, Goodis, HE, Tay FR). Chapter 13. Repair of Pulp Injury with Dental Materials. 2012; 301-322.
      18. Fajardo RS, Pruitt LA, Finzen FC, Marshall GW, Singh S, Singh S, Curtis DA. The effect of E-glass fibers and acrylic resin thickness on fracture load in a simulated implant-supported overdenture prosthesis. J Prosthet Dent. 2011 Dec; 106(6):373-7. PMID: 22133394.
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      19. Tomsia, Antoni P; Saiz, Eduardo; Gomez-Vega, Jose; Marshall, Sally J. Marshall, Grayson W . . Glass/Ceramic Coatings for Implants, US Patent No. 8,012,590. 2011.
      20. Hurng JM, Kurylo MP, Marshall GW, Webb SM, Ryder MI, Ho SP. Discontinuities in the human bone-PDL-cementum complex. Biomaterials. 2011 Oct; 32(29):7106-17. PMID: 21774982; PMCID: PMC3185383.
      21. Varanasi VG, Owyoung JB, Saiz E, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Loomer PM. The ionic products of bioactive glass particle dissolution enhance periodontal ligament fibroblast osteocalcin expression and enhance early mineralized tissue development. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2011 Aug; 98(2):177-84. PMID: 21548068.
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      22. Pinzon LM, Powers JM, O'Keefe KL, Dusevish V, Spencer P, Marshall GW. Effect of mucoprotein on the bond strength of resin composite to human dentin. Odontology. 2011 Jul; 99(2):119-28. PMID: 21516294; PMCID: PMC3711545.
      23. Mankani MH, Afghani S, Franco J, Launey M, Marshall S, Marshall GW, Nissenson R, Lee J, Tomsia AP, Saiz E. Lamellar spacing in cuboid hydroxyapatite scaffolds regulates bone formation by human bone marrow stromal cells. Tissue Eng Part A. 2011 Jun; 17(11-12):1615-23. PMID: 21294634; PMCID: PMC3098957.
      24. Brauer DS, Hilton JF, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Nano- and micromechanical properties of dentine: Investigation of differences with tooth side. J Biomech. 2011 May 17; 44(8):1626-9. PMID: 21440894; PMCID: PMC3085586.
      25. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Mechanical recovery of dentin following remineralization in vitro--an indentation study. J Biomech. 2011 Jan 4; 44(1):176-81. PMID: 20926080; PMCID: PMC3003773.
      26. Thula-Mata T, Burwell A, Gower LB, Habeliz S, Marshall GW. Remineralization of Artificial Dentin Lesions via the Polymer-Induced Liquid-Precursor (PILP) Process. Mater Res Soc Symp Proc. 2011; 1355:1114. PMID: 24839340.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Pugach M, Soares PC, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Evaluation of surface structural and mechanical changes following remineralization of dentin. Scanning. 2010 Sep-Oct; 32(5):312-9. PMID: 20853406; PMCID: PMC2981622.
      28. Chang JL, Brauer DS, Johnson J, Chen CG, Akil O, Balooch G, Humphrey MB, Chin EN, Porter AE, Butcher K, Ritchie RO, Schneider RA, Lalwani A, Derynck R, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Lustig L, Alliston T. Tissue-specific calibration of extracellular matrix material properties by transforming growth factor-ß and Runx2 in bone is required for hearing. EMBO Rep. 2010 Oct; 11(10):765-71. PMID: 20847738; PMCID: PMC2948188.
      29. Ho SP, Kurylo MP, Fong TK, Lee SS, Wagner HD, Ryder MI, Marshall GW. The biomechanical characteristics of the bone-periodontal ligament-cementum complex. Biomaterials. 2010 Sep; 31(25):6635-46. PMID: 20541802; PMCID: PMC2925235.
      30. Brauer DS, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Variations in human DEJ scallop size with tooth type. J Dent. 2010 Jul; 38(7):597-601. PMID: 20359518; PMCID: PMC2880199.
      31. Pinzon LM, Oguri M, O'Keefe K, Dusevish V, Spencer P, Powers JM, Marshall GW. Bond strength of adhesives to dentin contaminated with smoker's saliva. Odontology. 2010 Feb; 98(1):37-43. PMID: 20155506; PMCID: PMC2930773.
      32. Marshall SJ, Bayne SC, Baier R, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW. A review of adhesion science. Dent Mater. 2010 Feb; 26(2):e11-6. PMID: 20018362.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Bertassoni LE, Marshall GW. Papain-gel degrades intact nonmineralized type I collagen fibrils. Scanning. 2009 Nov-Dec; 31(6):253-8. PMID: 20205185; PMCID: PMC2939036.
      34. Gallagher RR, Balooch M, Balooch G, Wilson RS, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Coupled Nanomechanical and Raman Microspectroscopic Investigation of Human Third Molar DEJ. J Dent Biomech. 2010; 2010. PMID: 20948572; PMCID: PMC2951110.
      35. Varanasi VG, Saiz E, Loomer PM, Ancheta B, Uritani N, Ho SP, Tomsia AP, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Enhanced osteocalcin expression by osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1) exposed to bioactive coating glass (SiO2-CaO-P2O5-MgO-K2O-Na2O system) ions. Acta Biomater. 2009 Nov; 5(9):3536-47. PMID: 19497391.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Ho SP, Senkyrikova P, Marshall GW, Yun W, Wang Y, Karan K, Li C, Marshall SJ. Structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of coronal cementum in human deciduous molars. Dent Mater. 2009 Oct; 25(10):1195-204. PMID: 19464049; PMCID: PMC2782750.
      37. Marshall GW. Advocacy: goals are dreams we work for. J Dent Res. 2009 May; 88(5):395. PMID: 19493880.
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      38. Bertassoni LE, Habelitz S, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Biomechanical perspective on the remineralization of dentin. Caries Res. 2009; 43(1):70-7. PMID: 19208991; PMCID: PMC2698028.
      39. Pugach MK, Strother J, Darling CL, Fried D, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Dentin caries zones: mineral, structure, and properties. J Dent Res. 2009 Jan; 88(1):71-6. PMID: 19131321; PMCID: PMC2759645.
      40. Bertassoni LE, Marshall GW, de Souza EM, Rached RN. Effect of pre- and postpolymerization on flexural strength and elastic modulus of impregnated, fiber-reinforced denture base acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent. 2008 Dec; 100(6):449-57. PMID: 19033029.
        View in: PubMed
      41. Mankani MH, Kuznetsov SA, Marshall GW, Robey PG. Creation of new bone by the percutaneous injection of human bone marrow stromal cell and HA/TCP suspensions. Tissue Eng Part A. 2008 Dec; 14(12):1949-58. PMID: 18800877; PMCID: PMC2753832.
      42. Komabayashi T, Nonomura G, Watanabe LG, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Dentin tubule numerical density variations below the CEJ. J Dent. 2008 Nov; 36(11):953-8. PMID: 18786756; PMCID: PMC2597416.
      43. Ho SP, Yu B, Yun W, Marshall GW, Ryder MI, Marshall SJ. Structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of human and rat cementum and its interface with root dentin. Acta Biomater. 2009 Feb; 5(2):707-18. PMID: 18829402; PMCID: PMC2685077.
      44. Kuznetsov SA, Huang KE, Marshall GW, Robey PG, Mankani MH. Long-term stable canine mandibular augmentation using autologous bone marrow stromal cells and hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate. Biomaterials. 2008 Nov; 29(31):4211-6. PMID: 18687465; PMCID: PMC3383855.
      45. Brauer DS, Saeki K, Hilton JF, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Effect of sterilization by gamma radiation on nano-mechanical properties of teeth. Dent Mater. 2008 Aug; 24(8):1137-40. PMID: 18436298.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Balooch M, Habelitz S, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Mechanical properties of mineralized collagen fibrils as influenced by demineralization. J Struct Biol. 2008 Jun; 162(3):404-10. PMID: 18467127; PMCID: PMC2697659.
      47. Staninec M, Nguyen H, Kim P, Marshall GW, Rithchie RO, Marshall SJ. Four-point bending evaluation of dentin-composite interfaces with various stresses. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008 Jan; 13(1):E81-4. PMID: 18167488.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Lee JS, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Wegst UGK. . . Adv Mater & Processes. Novel nanooomposites for bone regeneration. . 2008; 166(july):66,70.
      49. Hsu KW, Marshall SJ, Pinzon LM, Watanabe L, Saiz E, Marshall GW. SEM evaluation of resin-carious dentin interfaces formed by two dentin adhesive systems. Dent Mater. 2008 Jul; 24(7):880-7. PMID: 18155289; PMCID: PMC2475581.
      50. Klein OD, Lyons DB, Balooch G, Marshall GW, Basson MA, Peterka M, Boran T, Peterkova R, Martin GR. An FGF signaling loop sustains the generation of differentiated progeny from stem cells in mouse incisors. Development. 2008 Jan; 135(2):377-85. PMID: 18077585; PMCID: PMC2555979.
      51. Staninec M, Kim P, Marshall GW, Ritchie RO, Marshall SJ. Fatigue of dentin-composite interfaces with four-point bend. Dent Mater. 2008 Jun; 24(6):799-803. PMID: 17996931; PMCID: PMC2473862.
      52. Ho SP, Marshall SJ, Ryder MI, Marshall GW. The tooth attachment mechanism defined by structure, chemical composition and mechanical properties of collagen fibers in the periodontium. Biomaterials. 2007 Dec; 28(35):5238-45. PMID: 17870156; PMCID: PMC2423002.
      53. Habelitz S, Rodriguez BJ, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Kalinin SV, Gruverman A. Peritubular dentin lacks piezoelectricity. J Dent Res. 2007 Sep; 86(9):908-11. PMID: 17720865; PMCID: PMC2699430.
      54. Foppiano S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Saiz E, Tomsia AP. Bioactive glass coatings affect the behavior of osteoblast-like cells. Acta Biomater. 2007 Sep; 3(5):765-71. PMID: 17466608; PMCID: PMC2093947.
      55. Saeki K, Hilton JF, Alliston T, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Denbesten P. Elevated TGF-beta2 signaling in dentin results in sex related enamel defects. Arch Oral Biol. 2007 Sep; 52(9):814-21. PMID: 17391645; PMCID: PMC2043093.
      56. Ager JW, Nalla RK, Balooch G, Kim G, Pugach M, Habelitz S, Marshall GW, Kinney JH, Ritchie RO. On the increasing fragility of human teeth with age: a deep-UV resonance Raman study. J Bone Miner Res. 2006 Dec; 21(12):1879-87. PMID: 17002558.
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      57. Mankani MH, Kuznetsov SA, Wolfe RM, Marshall GW, Robey PG. In vivo bone formation by human bone marrow stromal cells: reconstruction of the mouse calvarium and mandible. Stem Cells. 2006 Sep; 24(9):2140-9. PMID: 16763200.
        View in: PubMed
      58. Habelitz S, DenBesten PK, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Li W. Self-assembly and effect on crystal growth of the leucine-rich amelogenin peptide. Eur J Oral Sci. 2006 May; 114 Suppl 1:315-9; discussion 327-9, 382. PMID: 16674705.
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      59. Foppiano S, Marshall SJ, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW. Functionally graded bioactive coatings: reproducibility and stability of the coating under cell culture conditions. Acta Biomater. 2006 Mar; 2(2):133-42. PMID: 16701871.
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      60. Varanasi V, Vallortigara T, Saiz E, Tomsia A, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. . Improving Biomaterials from a Cellular Point of View. Mat Res Soc Symp Proc. 925:BB03-02.1-7. 2006.
      61. Balooch G, Balooch M, Nalla RK, Schilling S, Filvaroff EH, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Ritchie RO, Derynck R, Alliston T. TGF-beta regulates the mechanical properties and composition of bone matrix. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005 Dec 27; 102(52):18813-8. PMID: 16354837; PMCID: PMC1323171.
      62. Habelitz S, Denbesten PK, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Li W. Amelogenin control over apatite crystal growth is affected by the pH and degree of ionic saturation. Orthod Craniofac Res. 2005 Nov; 8(4):232-8. PMID: 16238603.
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      63. Ho SP, Sulyanto RM, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. The cementum-dentin junction also contains glycosaminoglycans and collagen fibrils. J Struct Biol. 2005 Jul; 151(1):69-78. PMID: 15964205.
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      64. Staninec M, Nalla RK, Hilton JF, Ritchie RO, Watanabe LG, Nonomura G, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Dentin erosion simulation by cantilever beam fatigue and pH change. J Dent Res. 2005 Apr; 84(4):371-5. PMID: 15790746.
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      65. Schulze KA, Oliveira SA, Wilson RS, Gansky SA, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Effect of hydration variability on hybrid layer properties of a self-etching versus an acid-etching system. Biomaterials. 2005 Mar; 26(9):1011-8. PMID: 15369689.
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      66. Imbeni V, Kruzic JJ, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Ritchie RO. The dentin-enamel junction and the fracture of human teeth. Nat Mater. 2005 Mar; 4(3):229-32. PMID: 15711554.
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      67. Habelitz S, Zartoshtimanesh S, Balooch M,. Marshal SJ, Marshall GW, DenBesten PK . . MRS Proceedings. Structure and Properties of Murine and Human Dentin. 2005; 874:doi:10.1557/PROC-874-L5.18 .
      68. Hosoya Y, Marshall GW. The nano-hardness and elastic modulus of sound deciduous canine dentin and young premolar dentin--preliminary study. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2005 Jan; 16(1):1-8. PMID: 15754137.
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      69. Carrillo F, Gupta S, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Pruitt L, Puttlitz C. . Journal of Materials Research. Nanoindentation of polydimethylsiloxand elastomers: Effect of crosslinking, work of adhesion and fluid environment on elastic modulus. 2005; 20: 2820-2830.
      70. Stefan Habelitz, Shabnam Zartoshtimanesh, Mehdi Balooch, Sally J. Marshall, Grayson W. Marshall and Pamela K. DenBesten. . MRS Proceedings, 874 , L5.18 doi:10.1557/PROC-874-L5.18. Structure and Properties of Murine and Human Dentin. 2005.
      71. Hosoya Y, Shinkawa H, Marshall GW. Influence of Carisolv on resin adhesion for two different adhesive systems to sound human primary dentin and young permanent dentin. J Dent. 2005 Apr; 33(4):283-91. PMID: 15781136.
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      72. Foppiano S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Saiz E, Tomsia AP. The influence of novel bioactive glasses on in vitro osteoblast behavior. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Nov 1; 71(2):242-9. PMID: 15372470.
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      73. Habelitz S, Kullar A, Marshall SJ, DenBesten PK, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Li W. Amelogenin-guided crystal growth on fluoroapatite glass-ceramics. J Dent Res. 2004 Sep; 83(9):698-702. PMID: 15329375.
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      74. Hosoya Y, Matsuzaka K, Inoue T, Marshall GW. Influence of tooth-polishing pastes and sealants on DIAGNOdent values. Quintessence Int. 2004 Sep; 35(8):605-11. PMID: 15366522.
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      75. Ho SP, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Local properties of a functionally graded interphase between cementum and dentin. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Sep 1; 70(3):480-9. PMID: 15293322.
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      76. Ho SP, Goodis H, Balooch M, Nonomura G, Marshall SJ, Marshall G. The effect of sample preparation technique on determination of structure and nanomechanical properties of human cementum hard tissue. Biomaterials. 2004 Aug; 25(19):4847-57. PMID: 15120532.
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      77. Oliveira SS, Marshall SJ, Habelitz S, Gansky SA, Wilson RS, Marshall GW. The effect of a self-etching primer on the continuous demineralization of dentin. Eur J Oral Sci. 2004 Aug; 112(4):376-83. PMID: 15279658.
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      78. Balooch G, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Warren OL, Asif SA, Balooch M. Evaluation of a new modulus mapping technique to investigate microstructural features of human teeth. J Biomech. 2004 Aug; 37(8):1223-32. PMID: 15212928.
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      79. Schulze KA, Balooch M, Balooch G, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Micro-Raman spectroscopic investigation of dental calcified tissues. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 May 1; 69(2):286-93. PMID: 15058001.
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      80. Staninec M, Artiga N, Gansky SA, Marshall GW, Eakle S. Bonded amalgam sealants and adhesive resin sealants: five-year clinical results. Quintessence Int. 2004 May; 35(5):351-7. PMID: 15130073.
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      81. Kinney JH, Gladden JR, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, So JH, Maynard JD. Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy measurements of the elastic constants of human dentin. J Biomech. 2004 Apr; 37(4):437-41. PMID: 14996555.
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      82. Hosoya Y, Marshall GW. The nano-hardness and elastic modulus of carious and sound primary canine dentin. Oper Dent. 2004 Mar-Apr; 29(2):142-9. PMID: 15088724.
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      83. Ho SP, Balooch M, Goodis HE, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Ultrastructure and nanomechanical properties of cementum dentin junction. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2004 Feb 1; 68(2):343-51. PMID: 14704976.
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      84. Balooch M, Balooch G, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. . Intrafibrillar demineralization study of single human dentin collagen fibrils. Mat Res Soc Symp Proc. 823:W6.1.1-6. 2004.
      85. Balooch M, Balooch G, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. . Intrafibrillar demineralization study of single human dentin collagen fibrils. Mat Res Soc Symp Proc. 823:W6.1.1-6. 2004.
      86. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Kinney JH. Evaluating demineralization and mechanical properties of human dentin with AFM. Methods Mol Biol. 2004; 242:141-59. PMID: 14578519.
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      87. Hosoya Y, Marshall GW. . The nano-hardness and elastic modulus of carious and sound primary canine dentin. Oper Dent 29:142-149. 2004.
      88. Habelitz S, DenBesten PK, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Li, W. . . Adhesion of Amelogenin Protein to Fluoroapatite Inhibits Enzymatic Digestion. Proceeding of the 8th Int. Conf. Chemistry and Biology of Minerlized Tissue, p. 122-124. Editors, W. Landis, J. Sodek. 2004.
      89. Kinney JH, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. The importance of intrafibrillar mineralization of collagen on the mechanical properties of dentin. J Dent Res. 2003 Dec; 82(12):957-61. PMID: 14630894.
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      90. Oliveira SS, Pugach MK, Hilton JF, Watanabe LG, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. The influence of the dentin smear layer on adhesion: a self-etching primer vs. a total-etch system. Dent Mater. 2003 Dec; 19(8):758-67. PMID: 14511734.
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      91. Wirthlin MR, Marshall GW, Rowland RW. Formation and decontamination of biofilms in dental unit waterlines. J Periodontol. 2003 Nov; 74(11):1595-609. PMID: 14682656.
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      92. Schulze KA, Marshall SJ, Gansky SA, Marshall GW. Color stability and hardness in dental composites after accelerated aging. Dent Mater. 2003 Nov; 19(7):612-9. PMID: 12901985.
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      93. Schulze KA, Tinschert J, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Spectroscopic analysis of polymer-ceramic dental composites after accelerated aging. Int J Prosthodont. 2003 Jul-Aug; 16(4):355-61. PMID: 12956487.
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      94. Zheng L, Hilton JF, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Dentin caries activity status related to hardness and elasticity. Eur J Oral Sci. 2003 Jun; 111(3):243-52. PMID: 12786956.
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      95. Gallagher RR, Demos SG, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Optical spectroscopy and imaging of the dentin-enamel junction in human third molars. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2003 Feb 1; 64(2):372-7. PMID: 12522825.
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      96. Habelitz S, Ford D, Marshall SJ, DenBesten PK, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Li W. . Amelogenin Induces In-Vitro Biomineralization at Specific pH. MRS Proceedings 774:07.8.1-O7.8.6. 2003.
      97. Schulze KA, Tinschert J, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. . Effect of aging on the color and surface quality of composites (in German). Deutscher Zahnarzte Zeitschrift 58:266-271. 2003.
      98. Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Habelitz S, Balooch G, Gallagher R, Marshall GW. . The dentin-enamel junction-a natural, multilevel interface. J European Ceram Soc 23: 2897-2904. 2003.
      99. Kinney JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. The mechanical properties of human dentin: a critical review and re-evaluation of the dental literature. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 2003; 14(1):13-29. PMID: 12764017.
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      100. Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Habelitz S, Balooch G, Marshall GW. . Dentin-Enamel Junction (DEJ)-Biomimetic Model for Material Tissue Interfaces. Transaction Acad Dent Mater 17:21-32. 2003.
      101. Konishi N, Watanabe LG, Hilton JF, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Staninec M. Dentin shear strength: effect of distance from the pulp. Dent Mater. 2002 Nov; 18(7):516-20. PMID: 12191664.
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      102. Oliveira SS, Marshall SJ, Hilton JF, Marshall GW. Etching kinetics of a self-etching primer. Biomaterials. 2002 Oct; 23(20):4105-12. PMID: 12182312.
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      103. Saiz E, Goldman M, Gomez-Vega JM, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. In vitro behavior of silicate glass coatings on Ti6A14V. Biomaterials. 2002 Sep; 23(17):3749-56. PMID: 12109700.
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      104. Habelitz S, Marshall GW, Balooch M, Marshall SJ. Nanoindentation and storage of teeth. J Biomech. 2002 Jul; 35(7):995-8. PMID: 12052404.
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      105. Habelitz S, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Balooch G, Marshall GW. In situ atomic force microscopy of partially demineralized human dentin collagen fibrils. J Struct Biol. 2002 Jun; 138(3):227-36. PMID: 12217661.
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      106. Ceballo L, Toledano M, Osorio R, Tay FR, Marshall GW. Bonding to Er-YAG-laser-treated dentin. J Dent Res. 2002 Feb; 81(2):119-22. PMID: 11827256.
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      107. Staninec M, Marshall GW, Hilton JF, Pashley DH, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ, Kinney JH. Ultimate tensile strength of dentin: Evidence for a damage mechanics approach to dentin failure. J Biomed Mater Res. 2002; 63(3):342-5. PMID: 12115767.
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      108. Hosoya Y, Ono T, Marshall GW. . Microhardness of carious primary canine dentin. Pediatr Dent J 12:91-98. 2002.
      109. Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Balooch M. The functional width of the dentino-enamel junction determined by AFM-based nanoscratching. J Struct Biol. 2001 Sep; 135(3):294-301. PMID: 11722169.
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      110. Kinney JH, Oliveira J, Haupt DL, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. The spatial arrangement of tubules in human dentin. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2001 Aug; 12(8):743-51. PMID: 15348247.
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      111. Marshall GW, Habelitz S, Gallagher R, Balooch M, Balooch G, Marshall SJ. Nanomechanical properties of hydrated carious human dentin. J Dent Res. 2001 Aug; 80(8):1768-71. PMID: 11669491.
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      112. DenBesten PK, Machule D, Gallagher R, Marshall GW, Mathews C, Filvaroff E. The effect of TGF-beta 2 on dentin apposition and hardness in transgenic mice. Adv Dent Res. 2001 Aug; 15:39-41. PMID: 12640737.
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      113. Ceballos L, Osorio R, Toledano M, Marshall GW. Microleakage of composite restorations after acid or Er-YAG laser cavity treatments. Dent Mater. 2001 Jul; 17(4):340-6. PMID: 11356211.
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      114. Kinney JH, Pople JA, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Collagen orientation and crystallite size in human dentin: a small angle X-ray scattering study. Calcif Tissue Int. 2001 Jul; 69(1):31-7. PMID: 11685431.
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      115. Kinney JH, Pople JA, Driessen CH, Breunig TM, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Intrafibrillar mineral may be absent in dentinogenesis imperfecta type II (DI-II). J Dent Res. 2001 Jun; 80(6):1555-9. PMID: 11499512.
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      116. Balooch M, Demos SG, Kinney JH, Marshall GW, Balooch G, Marshall SJ. Local mechanical and optical properties of normal and transparent root dentin. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2001 Jun; 12(6):507-14. PMID: 15348266.
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      117. Saeki K, Marshall SJ, Gansky SA, Marshall GW. Etching characteristics of dentin: effect of ferric chloride in citric acid. J Oral Rehabil. 2001 Apr; 28(4):301-8. PMID: 11350581.
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      118. Hosoya Y, Kawashita Y, Marshall GW, Goto G. Influence of Carisolv for resin adhesion to sound human primary dentin and young permanent dentin. J Dent. 2001 Mar; 29(3):163-71. PMID: 11306157.
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      119. Wirthlin MR, Marshall GW JR. Evaluation of ultrasonic scaling unit waterline contamination after use of chlorine dioxide mouthrinse lavage. J Periodontol. 2001 Mar; 72(3):401-10. PMID: 11327069.
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      120. Habelitz S, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Balooch M. Mechanical properties of human dental enamel on the nanometre scale. Arch Oral Biol. 2001 Feb; 46(2):173-83. PMID: 11163325.
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      121. Marshall GW, Yücel N, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Habelitz S, Marshall SJ. . Sodium Hypochlorite Alterations of Dentin and Dentin Collagen. Surface Science 491: 444-455. 2001.
      122. Marshall GW, Chang YJ, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ. Demineralization of caries-affected transparent dentin by citric acid: an atomic force microscopy study. Dent Mater. 2001 Jan; 17(1):45-52. PMID: 11124413.
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      123. Marshall GW, Balooch M, Gallagher RR, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ. Mechanical properties of the dentinoenamel junction: AFM studies of nanohardness, elastic modulus, and fracture. J Biomed Mater Res. 2001 Jan; 54(1):87-95. PMID: 11077406.
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      124. Kinney JH, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Haupt DL. . Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Three-Dimensional Imaging of Large Compressive Deformations in Elastomeric Foams. 2001; 80:1746-1755.
      125. Habelitz S, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Breunig TM, Marshall SJ. . AFM-based Nanomechanical Properties and Storage of Dentin and Enamel. Mater Res Soc Symp Proc 676: Y.3.27.1-Y.3.27.5. 2001.
      126. Liu SC, Marshall SJ, Tomar SL, Marshall GW. Microcanals of dentin associated with maxillary primary anterior teeth. Pediatr Dent. 2000 Jul-Aug; 22(4):318-20. PMID: 10969440.
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      127. Marshall GW, Chang YJ, Saeki K, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ. Citric acid etching of cervical sclerotic dentin lesions: an AFM study. J Biomed Mater Res. 2000 Mar 5; 49(3):338-44. PMID: 10602066.
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      128. Hosoya Y, Marshall SJ, Watanabe LG, Marshall GW. Microhardness of carious deciduous dentin. Oper Dent. 2000 Mar-Apr; 25(2):81-9. PMID: 11203804.
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      129. Hosoya Y, Kawashita Y, Yoshida M, Suefuji C, Marshall GW. Fluoridated light-activated bonding resin adhesion to enamel and dentin: primary vs. permanent. Pediatr Dent. 2000 Mar-Apr; 22(2):101-6. PMID: 10769853.
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      130. Watanabe LG, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. . Variables Influence on Shear Bond Strength Testing to Dentin. Advanced Adhesive Dentistry, 3rd International Kuraray Symposium, Grenada, Spain, 1999, J. Tagami, M. Toledano, C. Prati (Eds.) , Kuraray Co. Ltd, ISBN 88-87961-00-X, pp 75-90. 2000.
      131. Gomez-Vega JM, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Bioactive glass coatings with hydroxyapatite and Bioglass particles on Ti-based implants. 1. Processing. Biomaterials. 2000 Jan; 21(2):105-11. PMID: 10632392.
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      132. Schneider BT, Baumann MA, Watanabe LG, Marshall GW. Dentin shear bond strength of compomers and composites. Dent Mater. 2000 Jan; 16(1):15-9. PMID: 11203518.
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      133. Hosoya Y, Kawasaki Y, Goto G, Marshall GW. . Pediatr Dent Journal. Evaluation of enamel preparation systems for resin adhesion. 2000; 10:111-118.
      134. Gomez-Vega JM, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Oku T, Suganumu K, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. . Novel Bioactive functionally graded coatings on Ti6Al4V Adv Mater 12:894-898. 2000.
      135. Nagamine M, Henmi C , Itota T, Torii Y, Marshall GW, Staninec M, Yoshiyama M. . . Morphological Changes of Enamel Surface adjacent to Restorations by Demineralization. Electronic J Dent 2000: Ref# EJ10253, 1-9. 2000.
      136. Devos S, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. . Optical Spectroscopy study of Transparent Non-Carious Human Dentin and Dentin-Enamel Junction. J. D. Featherstone and P.Rechmann, D. Fried, Eds., SPIE 3910, 102-105. 2000.
      137. Marshall GW, Saeki K, Gansky SA, Marshall SJ. AFM study of citric acid-ferric chloride etching characteristics of dentin. Am J Dent. 1999 Dec; 12(6):271-6. PMID: 10850245.
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      138. Sumikawa DA, Marshall GW, Gee L, Marshall SJ. Microstructure of primary tooth dentin. Pediatr Dent. 1999 Nov-Dec; 21(7):439-44. PMID: 10633518.
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      139. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. A micromechanics model of the elastic properties of human dentine. Arch Oral Biol. 1999 Oct; 44(10):813-22. PMID: 10530914.
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      140. Rosales JI, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Watanabe LG, Toledano M, Cabrerizo MA, Osorio R. Acid-etching and hydration influence on dentin roughness and wettability. J Dent Res. 1999 Sep; 78(9):1554-9. PMID: 10512390.
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      141. JM Gomez-Vega, E Saiz, AP Tomsia, GW Marshall, SJ Marshall . . Ceramic Transactions(USA) 110, 15-23. Glass-Hydroxyapatite coatings on titanium-based implants. 1999; 110(4):15-23.
      142. Gomez-Vega JM, Saiz E, Tomsia AP, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. . A Multilayer Approach to Fabricate Bioactive Glass Coatings on Ti Alloys. in Biomedical Materials-Drug Delivery, Implants and Tissue Engineering, Ed. T. Neenan, M. Marcolongo and R.F. Valentini, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 550: 349-354. 1999.
      143. Hosoya Y, Kamasaki Y, Horiuchi A, Nishiguchi M, Goto G, Marshall GW. . Evaluation of dentin preparation systems for resin adhesion. Pediatr Dent Journal 9: 9-18. 1999.
      144. Marshall GW, Wu-Magidi IC, Watanabe LG, Inai N, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ. Effect of citric acid concentration on dentin demineralization, dehydration, and rehydration: atomic force microscopy study. J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 Dec 15; 42(4):500-7. PMID: 9827672.
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      145. Letzel H, Van't Hof MA, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Survival of amalgam restorations. J Dent Res. 1998 Aug; 77(8):1574-5. PMID: 9719029.
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      146. Balooch M, Wu-Magidi IC, Balazs A, Lundkvist AS, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Siekhaus WJ, Kinney JH. Viscoelastic properties of demineralized human dentin measured in water with atomic force microscope (AFM)-based indentation. J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 Jun 15; 40(4):539-44. PMID: 9599029.
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      147. Inai N, Kanemura N, Tagami J, Watanabe LG, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Adhesion between collagen depleted dentin and dentin adhesives. Am J Dent. 1998 Jun; 11(3):123-7. PMID: 9823073.
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      148. Staninec M, Eakle WS, Silverstein S, Marshall GW, Artiga N. Bonded amalgam sealants: two-year clinical results. J Am Dent Assoc. 1998 Mar; 129(3):323-9. PMID: 9529807.
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      149. Marshall SJ, Balooch M, Breunig T, Kinney JH, Tomsia AT, Inai N, Watanabe LG, Wu-Magedi IC, Marshall GW. . Human Dentin and the Dentin-Resin Adhesive Interface. Acta Mater 46: 2529-2539. 1998.
      150. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall GW, Yee K, Fuller N, Gee L, Marshall SJ. Effects of Nd: and Ho:yttrium-aluminium-garnet lasers on human dentine fluid flow and dental pulp-chamber temperature in vitro. Arch Oral Biol. 1997 Dec; 42(12):845-54. PMID: 9460538.
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      151. Letzel H, van 't Hof MA, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. The influence of the amalgam alloy on the survival of amalgam restorations: a secondary analysis of multiple controlled clinical trials. J Dent Res. 1997 Nov; 76(11):1787-98. PMID: 9372797.
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      152. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Kinney JH, Balooch M. The dentin substrate: structure and properties related to bonding. J Dent. 1997 Nov; 25(6):441-58. PMID: 9604576.
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      153. Marshall GW, Inai N, Wu-Magidi IC, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Tagami J, Marshall SJ. Dentin demineralization: effects of dentin depth, pH and different acids. Dent Mater. 1997 Nov; 13(6):338-43. PMID: 9823094.
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      154. Barkhordar RA, Watanabe LG, Marshall GW, Hussain MZ. Removal of intracanal smear by doxycycline in vitro. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 1997 Oct; 84(4):420-3. PMID: 9347508.
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      155. Ruzicková T, Staninec M, Marshall GW, Hutton JE. Bond strengths of the adhesive resin-amalgam interface. Am J Dent. 1997 Aug; 10(4):192-4. PMID: 9590907.
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      156. Staninec M, Marshall GW, Lowe A, Ruzickova T. Clinical research on bonded amalgam restorations. Part 2: Further studies and clinical technique. Gen Dent. 1997 Jul-Aug; 45(4):361-2. PMID: 9515443.
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      157. Staninec M, Marshall GW, Lowe A, Ruzickova T. Clinical research on bonded amalgam restorations. Part 1: SEM study of in vivo bonded amalgam restorations. Gen Dent. 1997 Jul-Aug; 45(4):356-60, 362. PMID: 9515442.
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      158. Wu YH, Hutton JE, Marshall GW. In vitro enamel demineralization and the marginal gap of simulated cast restorations with three different cements. J Prosthodont. 1997 Jun; 6(2):96-103. PMID: 9497752.
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      159. Strawn SE, White JM, Marshall GW, Gee L, Goodis HE, Marshall SJ. Spectroscopic changes in human dentine exposed to various storage solutions--short term. J Dent. 1996 Nov; 24(6):417-23. PMID: 8990687.
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      160. Kinney JH, Haupt DL, Balooch M, White JM, Bell WL, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. The threshold effects of Nd and Ho: YAG laser-induced surface modification on demineralization of dentin surfaces. J Dent Res. 1996 Jun; 75(6):1388-95. PMID: 8831634.
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      161. Watanabe LG, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Dentin shear strength: effects of tubule orientation and intratooth location. Dent Mater. 1996 Mar; 12(2):109-15. PMID: 9002852.
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      162. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Weihs TP. Atomic force microscope measurements of the hardness and elasticity of peritubular and intertubular human dentin. J Biomech Eng. 1996 Feb; 118(1):133-5. PMID: 8833085.
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      163. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Weihs TP. Hardness and Young's modulus of human peritubular and intertubular dentine. Arch Oral Biol. 1996 Jan; 41(1):9-13. PMID: 8833584.
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      164. Staninec M, Marshall GW, Kawakami M, Lowe A. Bond strength, interfacial characterization, and fracture surface analysis for a new stress-breaking bonding agent. J Prosthet Dent. 1995 Nov; 74(5):469-75. PMID: 8809251.
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      165. Marshall GW, Balooch M, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ. Atomic force microscopy of conditioning agents on dentin. J Biomed Mater Res. 1995 Nov; 29(11):1381-7. PMID: 8582906.
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      166. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Haupt DL, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Mineral distribution and dimensional changes in human dentin during demineralization. J Dent Res. 1995 May; 74(5):1179-84. PMID: 7790595.
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      167. Hutton JE, Marshall GW. Expansion of phosphate-bonded investments: Part II--Thermal expansion. J Prosthet Dent. 1995 Feb; 73(2):126-31. PMID: 7722925.
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      168. Goodis H, White J, Yee B, Marshall S, Marshall G. . Sterilization of Root Canal Spaces using an Nd:YAG Laser, In Vitro. Proc. SPIE 2394:154-159. 1995.
      169. White JM, Goodis HE, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Sterilization of teeth by gamma radiation. J Dent Res. 1994 Sep; 73(9):1560-7. PMID: 7929992.
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      170. Kinney JH, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Three-dimensional mapping of mineral densities in carious dentin: theory and method. Scanning Microsc. 1994; 8(2):197-204; discussion 204-5. PMID: 7701295.
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      171. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. . Bacterial reduction and dentin microhardness after treatment by a pulsed fiber optic delivered Nd:YAG laser. SPIE 2128:431-438. 1994.
      172. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Kinney JH, Balooch M. . Dental restorative material-tooth interfaces. Scripta Met et Mater 31:983-988. 1994.
      173. Kinney JH, Haupt DL, Nichols MC, Breunig TM, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. . The X-Ray Tomographic Microscope: Three-Dimensional Perspectives of Evolving Microstructures. Nucl Instr and Meth in Phys Res A 347:480-486. 1994.
      174. Kinney JH, Balooch M, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Atomic-force microscopic study of dimensional changes in human dentine during drying. Arch Oral Biol. 1993 Nov; 38(11):1003-7. PMID: 8297253.
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      175. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Scanning electron microscopic examination of intracanal wall dentin: hand versus laser treatment. Scanning Microsc. 1993 Sep; 7(3):979-87. PMID: 8146624.
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      176. Marshall GW. Dentin: microstructure and characterization. Quintessence Int. 1993 Sep; 24(9):606-17. PMID: 8272499.
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      177. Hutton JE, Marshall GW. The expansion of phosphate bonded investments: Part I--Setting expansion. J Prosthet Dent. 1993 Aug; 70(2):121-5. PMID: 8396643.
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      178. Marshall GW, Balooch M, Tench RJ, Kinney JH, Marshall SJ. Atomic force microscopy of acid effects on dentin. Dent Mater. 1993 Jul; 9(4):265-8. PMID: 7988759.
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      179. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Koshrovi P, Watanabe LG, Marshall GW. The effect of glass ionomer liners in lowering pulp temperatures during composite placement, in vitro. Dent Mater. 1993 May; 9(3):146-50. PMID: 8056167.
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      180. White JM, Goodis HE, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Identification of the physical modification threshold of dentin induced by neodymium and holmium YAG lasers using scanning electron microscopy. Scanning Microsc. 1993 Mar; 7(1):239-45; discussion 245-6. PMID: 8316795.
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      181. Goodis HE, Marshall GW, White JM, Gee L, Hornberger B, Marshall SJ. Storage effects on dentin permeability and shear bond strengths. Dent Mater. 1993 Mar; 9(2):79-84. PMID: 8595846.
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      182. Marshall GW. . Dentin Characterization and Adhesive Considerations. Transactions of 2nd International Congress on Dental Materials,Eds.: T. Okabe and S. Takahashi, Academy of Dental Materials, 22-32. 1993.
      183. Shariati S, Pogrel MA, Marshall GW, White JM. Structural changes in dentin induced by high energy, continuous wave carbon dioxide laser. Lasers Surg Med. 1993; 13(5):543-7. PMID: 8264325.
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      184. Pogrel MA, Muff DF, Marshall GW. Structural changes in dental enamel induced by high energy continuous wave carbon dioxide laser. Lasers Surg Med. 1993; 13(1):89-96. PMID: 8426532.
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      185. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Dental amalgam: the materials. Adv Dent Res. 1992 Sep; 6:94-9. PMID: 1292469.
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      186. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Letzel H. Gamma-1 to beta-1 phase transformation in retrieved clinical amalgam restorations. Dent Mater. 1992 May; 8(3):162-6. PMID: 1521703.
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      187. Goodis HE, White JM, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Moskowitz E. . E. Root canal preparation in endodontics: conventional vs laser methods. Laser Surgery SPIE 1643:412-422. 1992.
      188. Cattaneo G, Wagnild G, Marshall G, Watanabe W. . Comparison of solder joints by infrared and conventional torch technique J Prosth Dent 68: 33-37. 1992.
      189. Marshall GW Jr, McCoy DD, Kinney JH, Letzel H, Marshall SJ. . Microstructural Changes in Retrieved Amalgam Restorations. Cells and Mater 2:29-36. 1992.
      190. Goodis HE, Marshall GW, White JM. The effects of storage after extraction of the teeth on human dentine permeability in vitro. Arch Oral Biol. 1991; 36(8):561-6. PMID: 1781745.
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      191. Bagby M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Metal ceramic compatibility: a review of the literature. J Prosthet Dent. 1990 Jan; 63(1):21-5. PMID: 2404102.
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      192. Bagby M, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW Jr. . Effects of Porcelain Application Procedures on Two Noble Alloys. J Appl Biomat 1:31-37. 1990.
      193. Marshall GW, Staninec M, Torii Y, Marshall SJ. Comparison of backscattered scanning electron microscopy and microradiography of secondary caries. Scanning Microsc. 1989 Dec; 3(4):1043-49; discussion 1049-50. PMID: 2633330.
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      194. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Letzel H. Mercury content of amalgam restorations. Gen Dent. 1989 Nov-Dec; 37(6):473-7. PMID: 2639841.
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      195. Letzel H, van 't Hof MA, Vrijhoef MM, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. A controlled clinical study of amalgam restorations: survival, failures, and causes of failure. Dent Mater. 1989 Mar; 5(2):115-21. PMID: 2606273.
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      196. Letzel H, Van't Hof MA, Vrijhoef MMA, Marshall GW and Marshall SJ:. . Quality Evaluation of Dental Restorations. K. Anusavice, Ed., Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc. Failure, Survival and Reasons for Replacement of Amalgam Restorations. 1989; 83-92..
      197. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Bayne SC. Restorative dental materials: scanning electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis. Scanning Microsc. 1988 Dec; 2(4):2007-28. PMID: 3070734.
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      198. Bagby M, Marshall SJ and Marshall GW. . Adv in X-ray Analysis. Residual Stress in Two Dental Alloys During Porcelain Application. 1988; 31:255-260..
      199. Chern Lin JH, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Microstructures of high copper amalgams after corrosion in various solutions. Dent Mater. 1987 Aug; 3(4):176-81. PMID: 3481592.
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      200. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Letzel H, Vrijhoef MM. Microstructures of Cu-rich amalgam restorations with moderate clinical deterioration. Dent Mater. 1987 Jun; 3(3):135-43. PMID: 3481587.
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      201. Reynolds HM, Rechtien JJ, Marshall GW, Marshall S. Spinal curvature of young adult females. Hum Biol. 1986 Dec; 58(6):883-91. PMID: 3557414.
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      202. Bayne SC, Greener EH, Lautenschlager EP, Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Zinc eugenolate crystals: SEM detection and characterization. Dent Mater. 1986 Feb; 2(1):1-5. PMID: 3458627.
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      203. Reynolds HM, Rechtien JJ, Marshall GW and Marshall S. . Spinal Curvature of Young Adult Females. Human Biol. 58:883-891. 1986.
      204. Bayne SC, Lemons JE, Craig RG, Duncanson M, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Marker V, Keller JC and Korostoff E. . Predoctoral Curriculum Guidelines for Biomaterials. J. Dent. Ed. 50:618-630. 1986.
      205. Marshall GW and Marshall SJ. . Dental Amalgams: Phase Relations. Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering Ed. M. B. Bever, Pergamon Press, Ltd., 1051-1056. 1986.
      206. Port RM, Marshall GW. Characteristics of amalgam restorations with variable clinical appearance. J Am Dent Assoc. 1985 Apr; 110(4):491-5. PMID: 3858363.
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      207. Cannon ML, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Cooley RO. Surface resistance to abrasion of preformed laminate resin veneers. J Prosthet Dent. 1984 Sep; 52(3):323-30. PMID: 6592331.
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      208. Keller JC, Marshall GW, Kaminski EJ. An in vivo method for the biological evaluation of metal implants. J Biomed Mater Res. 1984 Sep; 18(7):829-44. PMID: 6544782.
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      209. Lin JH, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Corrosion product formation sequence on Cu-rich amalgams in various solutions. J Biomed Mater Res. 1983 Nov; 17(6):913-20. PMID: 6654929.
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      210. Lin JH, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. Microstructures of Cu-rich amalgams after corrosion. J Dent Res. 1983 Feb; 62(2):112-5. PMID: 6571862.
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      211. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW, Harcourt JK. The influence of various cavity bases on the micro-hardness of composites. Aust Dent J. 1982 Oct; 27(5):291-5. PMID: 6962692.
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      212. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Szurgot K, Greener EH. Properties of Ag-Cu-Pd dispersed phase amalgams: microstructures. J Dent Res. 1982 Jun; 61(6):802-4. PMID: 6953117.
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      213. Rouleau BD, Marshall GW, Cooley RO. Enamel surface evaluations after clinical treatment and removal of orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod. 1982 May; 81(5):423-6. PMID: 6758600.
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      214. Marshall SJ, Lin JH, Marshall GW. Cu2O and CuCl2 . 3Cu(OH)2 corrosion products on copper rich dental amalgams. J Biomed Mater Res. 1982 Jan; 16(1):81-5. PMID: 7056764.
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      215. Marshall GW and Marshall SJ. . Characteristics of the Reaction Zones of Some Cu-Rich Amalgams. Biomaterials 1980, Eds.: G. D. Winter, D. F. Gibbons and H. Plenk, Jr., Chapter 48, Adv. in Biomaterials 3. J. Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 335-340. 1982.
      216. Marshall GW, Lipsey MR, Heuer MA, Kot C, Smarz R, Epstein M. An endodontic fiber endoscope for viewing instrumented root canals. J Endod. 1981 Feb; 7(2):85-8. PMID: 6938627.
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      217. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ. X-ray diffraction and SEM/EDS analyses of phases in new dental amalgams. J Oral Rehabil. 1981 Jan; 8(1):43-53. PMID: 6935393.
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      218. Johnson R, Marshall GW and Greener EH. . Three Private-Label Amalgam Alloys Compared with Name Brand in Physical Properties. Operative Dent. 6:133-137. 1981.
      219. Marshall GW, Lipsey MR, Heuer MA, Kot C, Smarz R and Epstein M. . An Endodontic Fiber Optic Endoscope for Viewing Instrumented Root Canals. J. Endod. 7:85-88. 1981.
      220. Keller JC, Lautenschlager EP, Marshall GW, Meyer PR. Factors affecting surgical alloy/bone cement interface adhesion. J Biomed Mater Res. 1980 Sep; 14(5):639-51. PMID: 7349670.
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      221. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Sn4(OH)6Cl2 and SnO corrosion products of amalgams. J Dent Res. 1980 May; 59(5):820-3. PMID: 6928872.
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      222. Greener EH, Marshall GW. Academic focus: graduate study in biological materials at Northwestern University. J Biomed Mater Res. 1980 Mar; 14(2):155-60. PMID: 7358743.
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      223. Marshall GW, Jackson BL, Marshall SJ. Copper-rich and conventional amalgam restorations after clinical use. J Am Dent Assoc. 1980 Jan; 100(1):43-7. PMID: 6927885.
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      224. Marker BC, Marshall GW. Characteristics and handling of Cu-rich amalgam. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1979 Oct; 10(10):125-32. PMID: 298774.
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      225. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Time-dependent phase changes in Cu-rich amalgams. J Biomed Mater Res. 1979 May; 13(3):395-406. PMID: 438226.
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      226. Marker BC and Marshall GW. . Characteristics and Handling of Cu-rich Amalgam. Quintessence Int., 10:125-132. 1979.
      227. Keller JC, Marshall GW and Lautenschlager EP. . Keller JC, Marshall GW and Lautenschlager EP: Morphological Identity of Porosity in Chemically Activated Acrylic Cements. Scanning Electron Microscopy/1979/I. Ed.: 0. Johari, SEM, Inc., AMF O'Hare, IL, 425-432. 1979.
      228. Marshall SJ, Marshall GW. Copper rich amalgams: time dependent variations in phases. Proc Inst Med Chic. 1979 Jan-Mar; 32(5):103-4. PMID: 493275.
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      229. Bozalis WG, Marshall GW, Cooley RO. Mechanical pretreatments and etching of primary-tooth enamel. ASDC J Dent Child. 1979 Jan-Feb; 46(1):43-9. PMID: 368090.
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      230. Moser JB, Marshall GW, Green FP. Direct bonding of polycarbonate orthodontic brackets: an in vitro study. Am J Orthod. 1979 Jan; 75(1):78-85. PMID: 369381.
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      231. Marshall GW, Marker VA, Bayne SC. Replication technique for monitoring intra-oral processes with the SEM. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1978 Aug; 9(8):75-7. PMID: 397522.
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      232. Burapavong V, Marshall GW, Apfel DA, Perry HT. Enamel surface characteristics on removal of bonded orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod. 1978 Aug; 74(2):176-87. PMID: 356619.
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      233. Bozalis WG and Marshall GW. . Acid Etching Patterns of Primary Enamel. 1978 Yearbook of Dentistry. Eds: M. Hale, S. Hazen, R. Moyers, D. F. Redig, H. Robinson and S. Silverman. Yearbook Med. Publishers, Inc., Chicago, IL, 100-101. 1978.
      234. Bayne SC, Pfaffenbach HE, Marshall GW. SEM identification of zinc eugenolate crystals in postoperatively collected ZOE cements. J Dent Res. 1977 Oct; 56(10):1264. PMID: 272393.
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      235. Brose JA, Martinez CR, Cooley RO, Marshall GW, Greener EH. In vitro microleakage of repaired fractured incisors. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1977 May; 8(5):73-5. PMID: 275914.
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      236. Lautenschlager EP, Jacobs JJ, Marshall GW, Heuer MA. Brittle and ductile torsional failures of endodontic instruments. J Endod. 1977 May; 3(5):175-8. PMID: 266026.
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      237. Marker BC, Marker VA, Marshall GW, Greener EH. Some observations on the clinical handing of high Cu amalgam. CDS Rev. 1977 Feb; 70(2):30-3. PMID: 319916.
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      238. Bozalis WG, Marshall GW. Acid etching patterns of primary enamel. J Dent Res. 1977 Feb; 56(2):185. PMID: 320240.
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      239. Brose JA, Martinez CR, Cooley R0, Marshall GW and Greener EH. . In Vitro Microleakage of Repaired Fractured Incisors. Quintessence, Int. 8:73-75. 1977.
      240. Marker BC, Marker VA, Marshall GW and Greener EH. . Some Observations on the Clinical Handling of High Cu Amalgam. CDS Review 70:30-33. 1977.
      241. Lautenschlager EP, Jacobs JJ, Marshall GW and Heuer MA:. . Brittle and Ductile Torsional Failures of Endodontic Instruments. J. Endod. 3:175-178,. 1977.
      242. Marshall GW, Marshall SJ and Greener EH. . Scanning Electron Microscopy/1977. Vol. I, Ed. 0. Johari, IITRI, Chicago, IL, 129-136. 1977.
      243. Lautenschlager EP, Marshall GW, Marks KE, Schwartz J, Nelson CL. Mechanical strength of acrylic bone cements impregnated with antibiotics. J Biomed Mater Res. 1976 Nov; 10(6):837-45. PMID: 993222.
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      244. Lautenschlager EP, Jacobs JJ, Marshall GW, Meyer PR. Mechanical properties of bone cements containing large doses of antibiotic powders. J Biomed Mater Res. 1976 Nov; 10(6):929-38. PMID: 993228.
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      245. Marshall GW, Finkelstein GF, Marshall SJ, Greener EH. Microstructural changes of dental amalgam by copper additions. J Oral Rehabil. 1976 Oct; 3(4):359-70. PMID: 1068247.
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      246. Moser JB, Dowling DB, Greener EH, Marshall GW. Adhesion of orthodontic cements to human enamel. J Dent Res. 1976 May-Jun; 55(3):411-8. PMID: 773994.
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      247. Brose J, Cooley R, Moser JB, Marshall GW, Greener EH. In vitro strength of repaired fractured incisors. Ill Dent J. 1976 May; 45(5):273-7. PMID: 801818.
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      248. Brose J, Cooley R0, Moser JB, Marshall GW and Greener EH. . In Vitro Strength of Repaired Fractured Incisors. Ill. Dent. J. 45:273-277. 1976.
      249. Marshall GW and Brittain J0. . Hot Stage TEM Investigations of Dislocation Climb in NiAl. Met. Trans. A 7A:1013-1020. 1976.
      250. Marshall GW, Olson LM, Lee CV. SEM investigation of the variability of enamel surfaces after simulated clinical acid etching for pit and fissure sealants. J Dent Res. 1975 Nov-Dec; 54(6):1222-31. PMID: 1104676.
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      251. Sarkar NK, Marshall GW, Moser JB, Greener EH. In vivo and in vitro corrosion products of dental amalgam. J Dent Res. 1975 Sep-Oct; 54(5):1031-8. PMID: 1058854.
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      252. Lautenschlager EP, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Hutton JE, Greener EH. [Properties of a non-precious metal casting alloy]. Quintessenz. 1975 Sep; 26(9):131-3. PMID: 1071210.
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      253. Marshall GW, Sarkar NK, Greener EH. Detection of oxygen in corrosion products of dental amalgam. J Dent Res. 1975 Jul-Aug; 54(4):904. PMID: 1057579.
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      254. Marshall GW and Brittain J0. . Climb Sources in Beta Prime-NiAl. Met Trans. 6A:921-926. 1975.
      255. Moser JB, Greener EH, Lautenschlager EP, Marshall GW. A new laboratory program for freshman dental materials. J Dent Educ. 1974 Dec; 38(12):683-6. PMID: 4530796.
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      256. Lautenschlager EP, Marshall GW, Marshall SJ, Hutton JE, Greener EH. Properties of a commercial non-precious casting alloy. Quintessence Int Dent Dig. 1974 Nov; 5(11):81-3. PMID: 4530352.
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      257. Moser JB, Greener EH, Lautenschlager EP and Marshall GW: . . A New Laboratory Program for Freshmen Dental Materials. J Dent Ed 38:683-686. 1974.
      258. Varonin VA, Stewart WD, Marshall GW, Wagner JB, Macksey HM and Holonyak N: A . . J. Electrochem. Soc. Scanning Electron Microscopy Study of In1-x GaxP. 1974; 121:1657-1661.
      259. Tisone TC, Marshall GW, and Brittain J0. . J. Appl. Phys. Prismatic Dislocations in Beta Prime-NiAl. 1968; 39:3714-3717.
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