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    John Houde, PhD

    TitleAssociate Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    Address513 Parnassus Ave, Med Sci
    San Francisco CA 94143
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      John F. Houde, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Residence and he is the Director of the Speech Neuroscience Laboratory in the Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (OHNS) at the University of California, San Francisco. He received his Electrical Engineering undergraduate degree from the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, and he obtained his MS in Computer Science from Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Dr. Houde earned his PhD in Brain and Cognitive Science from MIT, and this was followed by a fellowship in Medicine from UCSF.

      Dr. Houde’s research focuses on understanding the role of auditory feedback in speech and the neural mechanisms supporting auditory feedback. His research projects include computational modeling, psychophysical investigations, and functional neuroimaging that examine auditory feedback's role in the learning and maintenance of speech, as well as the online control of speech. A major focus of Dr. Houde’s lab is determining the role of auditory feedback in speaking by examining how speakers respond to realtime alterations of their audio feedback. Another major focus is using functional neuroimaging, especially magnetoencephalography (MEG), as well as electrocorticography (ECoG) to study how auditory feedback is processed during speaking.

      Dr. Houde also studies how feedback processing in speech production is compromised in various clinical conditions, such as Alzheimer’s disease and spasmodic dysphonia.

      Dr. Houde is a member of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society, the Society of Neuroscience, and the Society for the Neuroscience Language. He has contributed to 24 peer-reviewed articles, 2 patents, and over 50 abstracts.

      The neuroscience of speech production

      Research in cognitive neuroscience

      Professional Interests:
      Speech, hearing, neuroscience, cognitive science, acoustics, auditory feedback, motor control

      Education and Training:
      • BS: California Institute of Technology – Electrical Engineering
      • MS: Duke University – Computer Science
      • PhD: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge – Brain and Cognitive Science
      • Postdoctoral Training: University of California, San Francisco

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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Kort NS, Cuesta P, Houde JF, Nagarajan SS. Bihemispheric network dynamics coordinating vocal feedback control. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 Apr; 37(4):1474-85. PMID: 26917046.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Houde JF, Chang EF. The cortical computations underlying feedback control in vocal production. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2015 Aug; 33:174-81. PMID: 25989242; PMCID: PMC4628828 [Available on 08/01/16].
      3. Niu CM, Lee K, Houde JF, Sanger TD. Vowel generation for children with cerebral palsy using myocontrol of a speech synthesizer. Front Hum Neurosci. 2014; 8:1077. PMID: 25657622; PMCID: PMC4302943.
      4. Krieg SM, Tarapore PE, Picht T, Tanigawa N, Houde J, Sollmann N, Meyer B, Vajkoczy P, Berger MS, Ringel F, Nagarajan S. Optimal timing of pulse onset for language mapping with navigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroimage. 2014 Oct 15; 100:219-36. PMID: 24945663.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Houde JF, Niziolek C, Kort N, Agnew Z, & Nagarajan SS. . Simulating a state feedback model of speaking. Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar on Speech Production. 2014; 202-5.
      6. Sitek KR, Mathalon DH, Roach BJ, Houde JF, Niziolek CA, Ford JM. Auditory cortex processes variation in our own speech. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e82925. PMID: 24349399; PMCID: PMC3862760.
      7. Niziolek CA, Nagarajan SS, Houde JF. What does motor efference copy represent? Evidence from speech production. J Neurosci. 2013 Oct 9; 33(41):16110-6. PMID: 24107944; PMCID: PMC3792453.
      8. Kort NS, Nagarajan SS, Houde JF. A bilateral cortical network responds to pitch perturbations in speech feedback. Neuroimage. 2014 Feb 1; 86:525-35. PMID: 24076223; PMCID: PMC4063684.
      9. Tarapore PE, Findlay AM, Honma SM, Mizuiri D, Houde JF, Berger MS, Nagarajan SS. Language mapping with navigated repetitive TMS: proof of technique and validation. Neuroimage. 2013 Nov 15; 82:260-72. PMID: 23702420; PMCID: PMC3759608.
      10. Herman AB, Houde JF, Vinogradov S, Nagarajan SS. Parsing the phonological loop: activation timing in the dorsal speech stream determines accuracy in speech reproduction. J Neurosci. 2013 Mar 27; 33(13):5439-53. PMID: 23536060; PMCID: PMC3711632.
      11. Chang EF, Niziolek CA, Knight RT, Nagarajan SS, Houde JF. Human cortical sensorimotor network underlying feedback control of vocal pitch. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Feb 12; 110(7):2653-8. PMID: 23345447; PMCID: PMC3574939.
      12. Houde JF, Kort NS, Niziolek CA, Chang EF, & Nagarajan SS. . Neural evidence for state feedback control of speaking. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics. 2013; 19(1).
      13. Kort N, Nagarajan SS, & Houde JF . . A right-lateralized cortical network drives error correction to voice pitch feedback perturbation . Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2013; 134(5):4234.
      14. Niziolek CA, Nagarajan SS, & Houde JF . . Feedback-driven corrective movements in speech in the absence of altered feedback . Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2013; 134(5):4167.
      15. Katseff S, Houde J, Johnson K. Partial compensation for altered auditory feedback: a tradeoff with somatosensory feedback? Lang Speech. 2012 Jun; 55(Pt 2):295-308. PMID: 22783636.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Findlay AM, Ambrose JB, Cahn-Weiner DA, Houde JF, Honma S, Hinkley LB, Berger MS, Nagarajan SS, Kirsch HE. Dynamics of hemispheric dominance for language assessed by magnetoencephalographic imaging. Ann Neurol. 2012 May; 71(5):668-86. PMID: 22522481; PMCID: PMC3380661.
      17. Houde JF, Nagarajan SS. Speech production as state feedback control. Front Hum Neurosci. 2011; 5:82. PMID: 22046152; PMCID: PMC3200525.
      18. Hickok G, Houde J, Rong F. Sensorimotor integration in speech processing: computational basis and neural organization. Neuron. 2011 Feb 10; 69(3):407-22. PMID: 21315253; PMCID: PMC3057382.
      19. Houde JF. There's more to speech perception than meets the ear. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Dec 1; 106(48):20139-40. PMID: 19934047; PMCID: PMC2787137.
      20. Ventura MI, Nagarajan SS, Houde JF. Speech target modulates speaking induced suppression in auditory cortex. BMC Neurosci. 2009; 10:58. PMID: 19523234; PMCID: PMC2703647.
      21. Belmonte MK, Bonneh YS, Adini Y, Iversen PE, Akshoomoff NA, Kenet T, Moore CI, Simon HJ, Houde JF, Merzenich MM. Autism overflows with syntheses. Neuropsychol Rev. 2009 Jun; 19(2):273-4. PMID: 19449104.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Aliu SO, Houde JF, Nagarajan SS. Motor-induced suppression of the auditory cortex. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Apr; 21(4):791-802. PMID: 18593265; PMCID: PMC2944400.
      23. Bonneh YS, Belmonte MK, Pei F, Iversen PE, Kenet T, Akshoomoff N, Adini Y, Simon HJ, Moore CI, Houde JF, Merzenich MM. Cross-modal extinction in a boy with severely autistic behaviour and high verbal intelligence. Cogn Neuropsychol. 2008 Jul; 25(5):635-52. PMID: 18651259.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Heinks-Maldonado TH, Mathalon DH, Houde JF, Gray M, Faustman WO, Ford JM. Relationship of imprecise corollary discharge in schizophrenia to auditory hallucinations. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007 Mar; 64(3):286-96. PMID: 17339517.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Houde JF, & Nagarajan SS. . How is auditory feedback processed during speaking?. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2007; 122:3087.
      26. Houde JF, Nagarajan SS, & Heinks-Maldonado, T. . Dynamic cortical imaging of speech compensation for auditory feedback perturbations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2007; 121:3045.
      27. Heinks-Maldonado TH, Nagarajan SS, Houde JF. Magnetoencephalographic evidence for a precise forward model in speech production. Neuroreport. 2006 Sep 18; 17(13):1375-9. PMID: 16932142; PMCID: PMC4060597.
      28. Heinks-Maldonado TH, & Houde JF. . Compensatory responses to brief perturbations of speech amplitude. Acoustics Research Letters Online. 2005; 6(3):131-7.
      29. Lakshminarayanan K, Ben Shalom D, van Wassenhove V, Orbelo D, Houde J, Poeppel D. The effect of spectral manipulations on the identification of affective and linguistic prosody. Brain Lang. 2003 Feb; 84(2):250-63. PMID: 12590914.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Houde JF, Nagarajan SS, Sekihara K, Merzenich MM. Modulation of the auditory cortex during speech: an MEG study. J Cogn Neurosci. 2002 Nov 15; 14(8):1125-38. PMID: 12495520.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Houde JF, Jordan MI. Sensorimotor adaptation of speech I: Compensation and adaptation. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2002 Apr; 45(2):295-310. PMID: 12003512.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Nagarajan SS, Houde JF, & Merzenich MM. . Magnetic field responses of auditory cortex to produced speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 1999; 106:2207.
      33. Houde JF, Jordan MI. Sensorimotor adaptation in speech production. Science. 1998 Feb 20; 279(5354):1213-6. PMID: 9469813.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Houde JF, & Jordan MI. . Adaptation in speech motor control. In Jordan MI, Kearns MJ, and Solla SA (Eds.), Adavances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) 10. 1998.
      35. Houde JF, & Jordan MI. . Adaptation in speech production to transformed auditory feedback. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 1995; 97:3243.
      36. LeVay S, Connolly M, Houde J, Van Essen DC. The complete pattern of ocular dominance stripes in the striate cortex and visual field of the macaque monkey. J Neurosci. 1985 Feb; 5(2):486-501. PMID: 3973679.
        View in: PubMed
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