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    Kartika Palar, PhD

    TitleAssistant Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    Address1001 Potrero Ave
    San Francisco CA 94110
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      Collapse Biography 
      Collapse Education and Training
      University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)Postdoctoral Fellowship - Social/Behavioral HIV ResearchDivision of HIV, ID and Global Medicine2015
      University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)Postdoctoral Fellowship - Health Services ResearchUCLA School of Public Health, Dept of Health Policy and Mgmt2014
      RAND CorporationPhD - Policy AnalysisPardee RAND Graduate School2012
      Tufts UniversityMA - International AffairsFletcher School of Law and Diplomacy2006
      Brown UniversityBA - Development Studies & Ethnic Studies2001

      Collapse Overview 
      Collapse Overview
      My research focuses on addressing the drivers and consequences of health inequity in HIV and chronic disease. One stream of research investigates the impact of food insecurity and other unmet subsistence needs on health. A new stream of research examines the intersection of HIV, non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and social determinants of health. Within these areas, I have a special interest in developing equitable community partnerships to design and evaluate program and policy solutions. I am interested in both safety-net interventions that address immediate needs, as well as policies that address upstream root causes of health inequity.

      Current studies fall within one or more of the above research streams. I am PI of the 5-year NIH-funded Women, HIV/AIDS and Diabetes Study, or WAND Study, based within the US national Women’s Interagency HIV Study. WAND is using both qualitative and quantitative methods to understand the impact of social and economic barriers on HIV and diabetes health among women living with both conditions, with the goal of developing an intervention to improve HIV/diabetes co-management among women experiencing multiple vulnerabilities. I am also co-PI of the Changing Health through Food Support (CHEFS) Study, an RCT of comprehensive, medically appropriate food support to low-income, people with HIV in the San Francisco Bay Area in collaboration with Project Open Hand. I am co-leading the development of a community-based collaboration to evaluate urban gardens as a strategy to improve health among low-income people with diabetes in the Bay Area, and am involved with an urban garden intervention for people with HIV in the Dominican Republic. I am a co-investigator or collaborator on several other projects addressing food insecurity and health, and/or HIV/NCD co-morbidity, domestically and abroad.

      My international work is largely based in Latin America, in collaboration with the World Food Programme and others. Finally, I have a strong commitment and passion for mentoring students and others with interest in issues of health equity, particularly those with backgrounds underrepresented in scientific research.

      Collapse Interests
      health equity, food insecurity, nutrition, HIV, diabetes, chronic disease, multimorbidity, social determinants of health, community-based research

      Collapse ORNG Applications 
      Collapse Awarded Grants
      Collapse Global Health

      Collapse Bibliographic 
      Collapse Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
      List All   |   Timeline
      1. Palar K, Laraia B, Tsai AC, Johnson MO, Weiser SD. Food insecurity is associated with HIV, sexually transmitted infections and drug use among men in the United States. AIDS. 2016 Jun 1; 30(9):1457-65. PMID: 26990632.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Whittle HJ, Palar K, Napoles T, Hufstedler LL, Ching I, Hecht FM, Frongillo EA, Weiser SD. Experiences with food insecurity and risky sex among low-income people living with HIV/AIDS in a resource-rich setting. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18(1):20293. PMID: 26546789; PMCID: PMC4636859.
      3. Whittle HJ, Palar K, Hufstedler LL, Seligman HK, Frongillo EA, Weiser SD. Food insecurity, chronic illness, and gentrification in the San Francisco Bay Area: An example of structural violence in United States public policy. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Oct; 143:154-61. PMID: 26356827.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Palar K, Kushel M, Frongillo EA, Riley ED, Grede N, Bangsberg D, Weiser SD. Food Insecurity is Longitudinally Associated with Depressive Symptoms Among Homeless and Marginally-Housed Individuals Living with HIV. AIDS Behav. 2015 Aug; 19(8):1527-34. PMID: 25351185; PMCID: PMC4414669 [Available on 08/01/16].
      5. Palar K, Derose KP, Linnemayr S, Smith A, Farías H, Wagner G, Martinez H. Impact of food support on food security and body weight among HIV antiretroviral therapy recipients in Honduras: a pilot intervention trial. AIDS Care. 2015; 27(4):409-15. PMID: 25429691; PMCID: PMC4312496 [Available on 04/01/16].
      6. Martinez H, Palar K, Linnemayr S, Smith A, Derose KP, Ramírez B, Farías H, Wagner G. Tailored nutrition education and food assistance improve adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy: evidence from Honduras. AIDS Behav. 2014 Oct; 18 Suppl 5:S566-77. PMID: 24788781; PMCID: PMC4324626.
      7. Mendel P, Derose KP, Werber L, Palar K, Kanouse DE, Mata M. Facilitators and barriers to HIV activities in religious congregations: perspectives of clergy and lay leaders from a diverse urban sample. J Relig Health. 2014 Oct; 53(5):1472-86. PMID: 23990037; PMCID: PMC3938977.
      8. Weiser SD, Palar K, Frongillo EA, Tsai AC, Kumbakumba E, Depee S, Hunt PW, Ragland K, Martin J, Bangsberg DR. Longitudinal assessment of associations between food insecurity, antiretroviral adherence and HIV treatment outcomes in rural Uganda. AIDS. 2014 Jan 2; 28(1):115-20. PMID: 23939234; PMCID: PMC4629837.
      9. Palar K, Mendel P, Derose KP. The organization of HIV and other health activities within urban religious congregations. J Urban Health. 2013 Oct; 90(5):922-33. PMID: 23269603; PMCID: PMC3795190.
      10. Palar K, Martin A, Oropeza Camacho ML, Derose KP. Livelihood experiences and adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy among participants in a food assistance pilot in Bolivia: a qualitative study. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e61935. PMID: 23613976; PMCID: PMC3628967.
      11. Palar K, Wagner G, Ghosh-Dastidar B, Mugyenyi P. Role of antiretroviral therapy in improving food security among patients initiating HIV treatment and care. AIDS. 2012 Nov 28; 26(18):2375-81. PMID: 22948270.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Bluthenthal RN, Palar K, Mendel P, Kanouse DE, Corbin DE, Derose KP. Attitudes and beliefs related to HIV/AIDS in urban religious congregations: barriers and opportunities for HIV-related interventions. Soc Sci Med. 2012 May; 74(10):1520-7. PMID: 22445157; PMCID: PMC3519280.
      13. Derose KP, Mendel PJ, Palar K, Kanouse DE, Bluthenthal RN, Castaneda LW, Corbin DE, Domínguez BX, Hawes-Dawson J, Mata MA, Oden CW. Religious congregations' involvement in HIV: a case study approach. AIDS Behav. 2011 Aug; 15(6):1220-32. PMID: 20953903; PMCID: PMC3087861.
      14. Williams MV, Palar K, Derose KP. Congregation-based programs to address HIV/AIDS: elements of successful implementation. J Urban Health. 2011 Jun; 88(3):517-32. PMID: 21331749; PMCID: PMC3126926.
      15. Martin A, Palar K, Derose KP, Adams J. . . Food insecurity and nutritional barriers to antiretroviral therapy: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean. Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services. 2011; 2(10):194-214.
      16. Palar K, Sturm R. Potential societal savings from reduced sodium consumption in the U.S. adult population. Am J Health Promot. 2009 Sep-Oct; 24(1):49-57. PMID: 19750962.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Bentley TG, Effros RM, Palar K, Keeler EB. Waste in the U.S. Health care system: a conceptual framework. Milbank Q. 2008 Dec; 86(4):629-59. PMID: 19120983; PMCID: PMC2690367.
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