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    Ma Somsouk

    TitleAssistant Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentMedicine
    Address1001 Potrero Ave, SFGH 5
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-206-6480

       Overview 
       Overview
      1. Gastrointestinal tract as a reservoir and site of HIV pathogenesis. We study the impact of HIV in the gut, answering questions related to viral persistence, immune activation, epithelial barrier dysfunction, and their relationship to systemic inflammation, aging, and cancer using observational studies and interventional trials.
      2. Prevention of colorectal cancer. The SFGH population often presents with late-stage cancer, particularly among Asians and blacks, with low rates of colorectal cancer screening and late utilization of health care services. We identify barriers to access healthcare / colorectal cancer screening in the safety-net population. In addition to cohort studies, we use mathematical simulation models to identify challenges and best practices for colorectal cancer screening / surveillance.

      2006-2008 Master's in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UCSF
      2005-2008 Gastroenterology Fellowship, UCSF
      2002-2005 Residency in Internal Medicine, UCLA-Harbor
      2000-2001 Paul Dudley White / Andrew Sellard Fellowship, Beijing University
      1997-2002 Harvard Medical School
      1993-1997 Pomona College, Chemistry, Magna Cum Laude


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       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Sewell JL, Somsouk M, Shah SC, Day LW. Commentary: towards an effective and safe treatment of small intestine bacterial overgrowth - authors' reply. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Dec; 38(11-12):1411.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Josefsson L, von Stockenstrom S, Faria NR, Sinclair E, Bacchetti P, Killian M, Epling L, Tan A, Ho T, Lemey P, Shao W, Hunt PW, Somsouk M, Wylie W, Douek DC, Loeb L, Custer J, Hoh R, Poole L, Deeks SG, Hecht F, Palmer S. The HIV-1 reservoir in eight patients on long-term suppressive antiretroviral therapy is stable with few genetic changes over time. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Dec 17; 110(51):E4987-96.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Hatano H, Yukl SA, Ferre AL, Graf EH, Somsouk M, Sinclair E, Abdel-Mohsen M, Liegler T, Harvill K, Hoh R, Palmer S, Bacchetti P, Hunt PW, Martin JN, McCune JM, Tracy RP, Busch MP, O'Doherty U, Shacklett BL, Wong JK, Deeks SG. Prospective antiretroviral treatment of asymptomatic, HIV-1 infected controllers. PLoS Pathog. 2013; 9(10):e1003691.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Hatano H, Somsouk M, Sinclair E, Harvill K, Gilman L, Cohen M, Hoh R, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Wong JK, Deeks SG, Yukl SA. Comparison of HIV DNA and RNA in gut-associated lymphoid tissue of HIV-infected controllers and noncontrollers. AIDS. 2013 Sep 10; 27(14):2255-60.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Shah SC, Day LW, Somsouk M, Sewell JL. Meta-analysis: antibiotic therapy for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Oct; 38(8):925-34.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Vujkovic-Cvijin I, Dunham RM, Iwai S, Maher MC, Albright RG, Broadhurst MJ, Hernandez RD, Lederman MM, Huang Y, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Hunt PW, Lynch SV, McCune JM. Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota is associated with hiv disease progression and tryptophan catabolism. Sci Transl Med. 2013 Jul 10; 5(193):193ra91.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Hunt PW, Shulman NS, Hayes TL, Dahl V, Somsouk M, Funderburg NT, McLaughlin B, Landay AL, Adeyemi O, Gilman LE, Clagett B, Rodriguez B, Martin JN, Schacker TW, Shacklett BL, Palmer S, Lederman MM, Deeks SG. The immunologic effects of maraviroc intensification in treated HIV-infected individuals with incomplete CD4+ T-cell recovery: a randomized trial. Blood. 2013 Jun 6; 121(23):4635-46.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Ho C, Kornfield R, Vittinghoff E, Inadomi J, Yee H, Somsouk M. Late presentation of colorectal cancer in a vulnerable population. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013 Apr; 108(4):466-70.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Eriksson S, Graf EH, Dahl V, Strain MC, Yukl SA, Lysenko ES, Bosch RJ, Lai J, Chioma S, Emad F, Abdel-Mohsen M, Hoh R, Hecht F, Hunt P, Somsouk M, Wong J, Johnston R, Siliciano RF, Richman DD, O'Doherty U, Palmer S, Deeks SG, Siliciano JD. Comparative analysis of measures of viral reservoirs in HIV-1 eradication studies. PLoS Pathog. 2013 Feb; 9(2):e1003174.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Leeansyah E, Ganesh A, Quigley MF, Sönnerborg A, Andersson J, Hunt PW, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Moll M, Shacklett BL, Sandberg JK. Activation, exhaustion, and persistent decline of the antimicrobial MR1-restricted MAIT-cell population in chronic HIV-1 infection. Blood. 2013 Feb 14; 121(7):1124-35.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Shaw JM, Hunt PW, Critchfield JW, McConnell DH, Garcia JC, Pollard RB, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Shacklett BL. Short communication: HIV+ viremic slow progressors maintain low regulatory T cell numbers in rectal mucosa but exhibit high T cell activation. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Jan; 29(1):172-7.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Inadomi JM, Vijan S, Janz NK, Fagerlin A, Thomas JP, Lin YV, Muñoz R, Lau C, Somsouk M, El-Nachef N, Hayward RA. Adherence to colorectal cancer screening: a randomized clinical trial of competing strategies. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Apr 9; 172(7):575-82.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Day LW, Kwon A, Inadomi JM, Walter LC, Somsouk M. Adverse events in older patients undergoing colonoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gastrointest Endosc. 2011 Oct; 74(4):885-96.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Day LW, Cello JP, Somsouk M, Inadomi JM. Prevalence of gastric cancer versus colorectal cancer in Asians with a positive fecal occult blood test. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2011 Sep; 30(5):209-16.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Shaw JM, Hunt PW, Critchfield JW, McConnell DH, Garcia JC, Pollard RB, Somsouk M, Deeks SG, Shacklett BL. Increased frequency of regulatory T cells accompanies increased immune activation in rectal mucosae of HIV-positive noncontrollers. J Virol. 2011 Nov; 85(21):11422-34.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Somsouk M, Kornfield R, Vittinghoff E, Inadomi JM, Biggins SW. Moderate ascites identifies patients with low model for end-stage liver disease scores awaiting liver transplantation who have a high mortality risk. Liver Transpl. 2011 Feb; 17(2):129-36.
        View in: PubMed
      17. Somsouk M, Guy J, Biggins SW, Vittinghoff E, Kohn MA, Inadomi JM. Ascites improves upon [corrected] serum sodium plus [corrected] model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) for predicting mortality in patients with advanced liver disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Oct; 30(7):741-8.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Guy J, Somsouk M, Shiboski S, Kerlan R, Inadomi JM, Biggins SW. New model for end stage liver disease improves prognostic capability after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Nov; 7(11):1236-40.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Somsouk M, Yee HF, Biggins SW. Understanding liver health using the National Center for Health Statistics. Dig Dis Sci. 2009 Nov; 54(11):2325-9.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Inadomi JM, Somsouk M, Madanick RD, Thomas JP, Shaheen NJ. A cost-utility analysis of ablative therapy for Barrett's esophagus. Gastroenterology. 2009 Jun; 136(7):2101-2114.e1-6.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Somsouk M, Gralnek IM, Inadomi JM. Management of obscure occult gastrointestinal bleeding: a cost-minimization analysis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Jun; 6(6):661-70.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Somsouk M, Shergill AK, Grenert JP, Harris H, Cello JP, Shah JN. Actinomycosis mimicking a pancreatic head neoplasm diagnosed by EUS-guided FNA. Gastrointest Endosc. 2008 Jul; 68(1):186-7.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Somsouk M, Langfield DE, Inadomi JM, Yee HF. A cost-identification analysis of screening and surveillance of hepatitis C infection in a prospective cohort of dialysis patients. Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Apr; 53(4):1093-9.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Inadomi JM, Somsouk MA. Will virtual colonoscopy replace optical colonoscopy for colorectal cancer screening? Gastroenterology. 2007 Oct; 133(4):1384-5; discussion 1385-6.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Inadomi JM, Somsouk MA. Proton pump inhibitors and hip fracture: cause for alarm? Gastroenterology. 2007 May; 132(5):2063-5; discussion 2065.
        View in: PubMed
      26. Steinmetz WE, Sparrow A, Somsouk M. Determination of the three-dimensional, solution-phase structure of the macrolide antibiotic oxolide in CD2Cl2 and D2O from NMR constraints. Magn Reson Chem. 2005 Jan; 43(1):16-20.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Ma XT, Wang S, Ye YJ, Du RY, Cui ZR, Somsouk M. Constitutive activation of Stat3 signaling pathway in human colorectal carcinoma. World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jun 1; 10(11):1569-73.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Delgado-Borrego A, Casson D, Schoenfeld D, Somsouk M, Terella A, Jordan SH, Bhan A, Baid S, Cosimi AB, Pascual M, Chung RT. Hepatitis C virus is independently associated with increased insulin resistance after liver transplantation. Transplantation. 2004 Mar 15; 77(5):703-10.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Heckman CA, Cao T, Somsouk L, Duan H, Mehew JW, Zhang CY, Boxer LM. Critical elements of the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene enhancers for deregulated expression of bcl-2. Cancer Res. 2003 Oct 15; 63(20):6666-73.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Somsouk M, Lauer GM, Casson D, Terella A, Day CL, Walker BD, Chung RT. Spontaneous resolution of chronic hepatitis C virus disease after withdrawal of immunosuppression. Gastroenterology. 2003 Jun; 124(7):1946-9.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Bouziane M, Miao F, Bates SE, Somsouk L, Sang BC, Denissenko M, O'Connor TR. Promoter structure and cell cycle dependent expression of the human methylpurine-DNA glycosylase gene. Mutat Res. 2000 Sep 15; 461(1):15-29.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Frank G, Qiu J, Somsouk M, Weng Y, Somsouk L, Nolan JP, Shen B. Partial functional deficiency of E160D flap endonuclease-1 mutant in vitro and in vivo is due to defective cleavage of DNA substrates. J Biol Chem. 1998 Dec 4; 273(49):33064-72.
        View in: PubMed
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