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    Mark Jacobson, MD

    TitleProfessor
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentMedicine
    AddressSFGH Bldg 80
    Phone415-476-4082x407

       Biography 
       Education and Training
      University of California, San FranciscoM.D. Medicine1981
       Awards and Honors
      UCSF2007Positive Health Program Teaching Award
      UCSF2013AIDS Research Institute Sarlo Award for Teaching Excellence

       Overview 
       Overview
      Dr. Jacobson is a clinician, educator, and researcher who specializes in HIV/AIDS and its complications. His earlier career was primarily clinical research-oriented and involved leading multicenter, interventional trials that focused on developing effective treatments for AIDS-associated opportunistic infections. His subsequent research has been more translational, investigating protective immunity against chronic viral infections, in particular cytomegalovirus (CMV), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV). He currently co-chairs an NIH-sponsored multicenter observational study of oral HPV replication and HPV-specific immune responses in HIV/AIDS patients who initiate antiretroviral therapy and is the primary mentor for an investigator conducting a clinical trial in Kenya of standard versus intensive antifungal therapy for AIDS patients with asymptomatic cryptococcemia.


       ORNG Applications 
       Websites
       Faculty Mentoring
       Awarded Grants
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       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Weinberg A, Bosch R, Bennett K, Tovar-Salazar A, Benson CA, Collier AC, Zolopa A, Gulick RM, Wohl D, Polsky B, Erice A, Jacobson MA. Regulatory T cells and the risk of CMV end-organ disease in patients with AIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1; 66(1):25-32.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Wohl DA, Kendall MA, Feinberg J, Alston-Smith B, Owens S, Chafey S, Marco M, Maxwell S, Benson C, Keiser P, van der Horst C, Jacobson MA. The clinical impact of continuing to prescribe antiretroviral therapy in patients with advanced AIDS who manifest no virologic or immunologic benefit. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e78676.
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      3. Meyer AC, Jacobson M. Asymptomatic cryptococcemia in resource-limited settings. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2013 Sep; 10(3):254-63.
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      4. Jacobson M, Lurain N, Hunt P. Cytomegalovirus viraemia in the modern antiretroviral era(*). HIV Med. 2011 Aug; 12(7):387-8.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Hunt PW, Martin JN, Sinclair E, Epling L, Teague J, Jacobson MA, Tracy RP, Corey L, Deeks SG. Valganciclovir reduces T cell activation in HIV-infected individuals with incomplete CD4+ T cell recovery on antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2011 May 15; 203(10):1474-83.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Hartigan-O'Connor DJ, Jacobson MA, Tan QX, Sinclair E. Development of cytomegalovirus (CMV) immune recovery uveitis is associated with Th17 cell depletion and poor systemic CMV-specific T cell responses. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Feb 1; 52(3):409-17.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Jagannathan P, Davis E, Jacobson M, Huang L. Life-threatening immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after Pneumocystis pneumonia: a cautionary case series. AIDS. 2009 Aug 24; 23(13):1794-6.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Wohl DA, Kendall MA, Andersen J, Crumpacker C, Spector SA, Feinberg J, Alston-Smith B, Owens S, Chafey S, Marco M, Maxwell S, Lurain N, Jabs D, Benson C, Keiser P, Jacobson MA. Low rate of CMV end-organ disease in HIV-infected patients despite low CD4+ cell counts and CMV viremia: results of ACTG protocol A5030. HIV Clin Trials. 2009 May-Jun; 10(3):143-52.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Jacobson MA, Ditmer DP, Sinclair E, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Hunt P, Mocarski ES, Shiboski C. Human herpesvirus replication and abnormal CD8+ T cell activation and low CD4+ T cell counts in antiretroviral-suppressed HIV-infected patients. PLoS One. 2009; 4(4):e5277.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Jacobson MA, Adler SP, Sinclair E, Black D, Smith A, Chu A, Moss RB, Wloch MK. A CMV DNA vaccine primes for memory immune responses to live-attenuated CMV (Towne strain). Vaccine. 2009 Mar 4; 27(10):1540-8.
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      11. Graber CJ, Jacobson MA, Perdreau-Remington F, Chambers HF, Diep BA. Recurrence of skin and soft tissue infection caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a HIV primary care clinic. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Oct 1; 49(2):231-3.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Jacobson MA, Tan QX, Girling V, Poon C, Van Natta M, Jabs DA, Inokuma M, Maecker HT, Bredt B, Sinclair E. Poor predictive value of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cell assays for the development of CMV retinitis in patients with AIDS. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 1; 46(3):458-66.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Owen RE, Sinclair E, Emu B, Heitman JW, Hirschkorn DF, Epling CL, Tan QX, Custer B, Harris JM, Jacobson MA, McCune JM, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Deeks SG, Norris PJ. Loss of T cell responses following long-term cryopreservation. J Immunol Methods. 2007 Sep 30; 326(1-2):93-115.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Rajendran PM, Young DM, Maurer T, Chambers HF, Jacobson MA, Harris HW. Antibiotic use in the treatment of soft tissue abscesses: a survey of current practice. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2007 Apr; 8(2):237-8.
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      15. Jacobson MA. Do CD4+ T cell functional responses to Epstein-Barr virus provide protective immunity against CNS lymphoma in AIDS? PLoS Med. 2007 Mar 27; 4(3):e110.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Sinclair E, Tan QX, Sharp M, Girling V, Poon C, Natta MV, Jabs DA, Inokuma M, Maecker HT, Bredt B, Jacobson MA. Protective immunity to cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in AIDS is associated with CMV-specific T cells that express interferon- gamma and interleukin-2 and have a CD8+ cell early maturational phenotype. J Infect Dis. 2006 Dec 1; 194(11):1537-46.
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      17. Jacobson MA, Sinclair E, Bredt B, Agrillo L, Black D, Epling CL, Carvidi A, Ho T, Bains R, Girling V, Adler SP. Safety and immunogenicity of Towne cytomegalovirus vaccine with or without adjuvant recombinant interleukin-12. Vaccine. 2006 Jun 19; 24(25):5311-9.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Jacobson MA, Sinclair E, Bredt B, Agrillo L, Black D, Epling CL, Carvidi A, Ho T, Bains R, Adler SP. Antigen-specific T cell responses induced by Towne cytomegalovirus (CMV) vaccine in CMV-seronegative vaccine recipients. J Clin Virol. 2006 Mar; 35(3):332-7.
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      19. Jacobson MA, Nicolau DP, Sutherland C, Smith A, Aweeka F. Pharmacokinetics of clarithromycin extended-release (ER) tablets in patients with AIDS. HIV Clin Trials. 2005 Sep-Oct; 6(5):246-53.
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      20. Jabs DA, Holbrook JT, Van Natta ML, Clark R, Jacobson MA, Kempen JH, Murphy RL. Risk factors for mortality in patients with AIDS in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Ophthalmology. 2005 May; 112(5):771-9.
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      21. Wohl DA, Kendall MA, Owens S, Holland G, Nokta M, Spector SA, Schrier R, Fiscus S, Davis M, Jacobson MA, Currier JS, Squires K, Alston-Smith B, Andersen J, Freeman WR, Higgins M, Torriani FJ. The safety of discontinuation of maintenance therapy for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis and incidence of immune recovery uveitis following potent antiretroviral therapy. HIV Clin Trials. 2005 May-Jun; 6(3):136-46.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Jacobson MA. Editorial comment: failure of HAART to reconstitute CMV-specific protective immunity. AIDS Read. 2005 Apr; 15(4):188.
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      23. D'Amico R, Yang Y, Mildvan D, Evans SR, Schnizlein-Bick CT, Hafner R, Webb N, Basar M, Zackin R, Jacobson MA. Lower CD4+ T lymphocyte nadirs may indicate limited immune reconstitution in HIV-1 infected individuals on potent antiretroviral therapy: analysis of immunophenotypic marker results of AACTG 5067. J Clin Immunol. 2005 Mar; 25(2):106-15.
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      24. Winter HR, Trapnell CB, Slattery JT, Jacobson M, Greenspan DL, Hooton TM, Unadkat JD. The effect of clarithromycin, fluconazole, and rifabutin on dapsone hydroxylamine formation in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus infection (AACTG 283). Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Dec; 76(6):579-87.
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      25. Winter HR, Trapnell CB, Slattery JT, Jacobson M, Greenspan DL, Hooton TM, Unadkat JD. The effect of clarithromycin, fluconazole, and rifabutin on sulfamethoxazole hydroxylamine formation in individuals with human immunodeficiency virus infection (AACTG 283). Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Oct; 76(4):313-22.
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      26. Shacklett BL, Cox CA, Quigley MF, Kreis C, Stollman NH, Jacobson MA, Andersson J, Sandberg JK, Nixon DF. Abundant expression of granzyme A, but not perforin, in granules of CD8+ T cells in GALT: implications for immune control of HIV-1 infection. J Immunol. 2004 Jul 1; 173(1):641-8.
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      27. Jacobson MA, Maecker HT, Orr PL, D'Amico R, Van Natta M, Li XD, Pollard RB, Bredt BM. Results of a cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD8+/interferon- gamma+ cytokine flow cytometry assay correlate with clinical evidence of protective immunity in patients with AIDS with CMV retinitis. J Infect Dis. 2004 Apr 15; 189(8):1362-73.
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      28. Marshall BC, Jacobson MA, Adler SP. Avidity of antibodies to cytomegalovirus in HIV-seropositive patients with and without CMV retinitis. Viral Immunol. 2004; 17(1):101-8.
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      29. Sinclair E, Black D, Epling CL, Carvidi A, Josefowicz SZ, Bredt BM, Jacobson MA. CMV antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell IFNgamma expression and proliferation responses in healthy CMV-seropositive individuals. Viral Immunol. 2004; 17(3):445-54.
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      30. Jacobson JM, Lederman MM, Spritzler J, Valdez H, Tebas P, Skowron G, Wang R, Jackson JB, Fox L, Landay A, Gilbert MJ, O'Neil D, Bancroft L, Al-Harthi L, Jacobson MA, Merigan TC, Glesby MJ. Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor induces modest increases in plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 RNA levels and CD4+ lymphocyte counts in patients with uncontrolled HIV infection. J Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 15; 188(12):1804-14.
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      31. Shacklett BL, Cox CA, Sandberg JK, Stollman NH, Jacobson MA, Nixon DF. Trafficking of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-specific CD8+ T cells to gut-associated lymphoid tissue during chronic infection. J Virol. 2003 May; 77(10):5621-31.
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      32. Jacobson MA, Liu L, Khayam-Bashi H, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Kahn J. Absolute or total lymphocyte count as a marker for the CD4 T lymphocyte criterion for initiating antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2003 Apr 11; 17(6):917-9.
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      33. Jacobson MA, Khayam-Bashi H, Martin JN, Black D, Ng V. Effect of long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy in restoring HIV-induced abnormal B-lymphocyte function. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Dec 15; 31(5):472-7.
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      34. Jacobson MA, Bredt BM. Association of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD4+ T lymphocyte reactivity and protective immunity against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related CMV retinitis. J Infect Dis. 2002 Dec 1; 186(11):1701-2; author reply 1702-3.
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      35. Lalezari JP, Aberg JA, Wang LH, Wire MB, Miner R, Snowden W, Talarico CL, Shaw S, Jacobson MA, Drew WL. Phase I dose escalation trial evaluating the pharmacokinetics, anti-human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) activity, and safety of 1263W94 in human immunodeficiency virus-infected men with asymptomatic HCMV shedding. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002 Sep; 46(9):2969-76.
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      36. Nokta MA, Holland F, De Gruttola V, Emery VC, Jacobson MA, Griffiths P, Pollard RB, Feinberg JE. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) polymerase chain reaction profiles in individuals with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection: relationship to CMV disease. J Infect Dis. 2002 Jun 15; 185(12):1717-22.
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      37. Jacobson MA, Spritzler J, Landay A, Chan E, Katzenstein D, Schock B, Fox L, Roe J, Kundu S, Pollard R. A Phase I, placebo-controlled trial of multi-dose recombinant human interleukin-12 in patients with HIV infection. AIDS. 2002 May 24; 16(8):1147-54.
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      38. Aberg JA, Wong MK, Flamm R, Notario GF, Jacobson MA. Presence of macrolide resistance in respiratory flora of HIV-Infected patients receiving either clarithromycin or azithromycin for Mycobacterium avium complex prophylaxis. HIV Clin Trials. 2001 Nov-Dec; 2(6):453-9.
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      39. Jacobson MA, Schrier R, McCune JM, Torriani FJ, Holland GN, O'Donnell JJ, Freeman WR, Bredt BM. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD4+ T lymphocyte immune function in long-term survivors of AIDS-related CMV end-organ disease who are receiving potent antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2001 May 1; 183(9):1399-404.
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      40. Chin-Hong PV, Sutton DA, Roemer M, Jacobson MA, Aberg JA. Invasive fungal sinusitis and meningitis due to Arthrographis kalrae in a patient with AIDS. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Feb; 39(2):804-7.
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      41. Angel JB, Jacobson MA, Skolnik PR, Giordano M, Shapiro L, LeBeaut A, Greaves W, Fuchs AC. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of recombinant human interleukin-10 in HIV-infected subjects. AIDS. 2000 Nov 10; 14(16):2503-8.
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      42. Jacobson MA, Hardy D, Connick E, Watson J, DeBruin M. Phase 1 trial of a single dose of recombinant human interleukin-12 in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with 100-500 CD4 cells/microL. J Infect Dis. 2000 Oct; 182(4):1070-6.
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      43. Jacobson MA, Stanley H, Holtzer C, Margolis TP, Cunningham ET. Natural history and outcome of new AIDS-related cytomegalovirus retinitis diagnosed in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Jan; 30(1):231-3.
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      44. Aweeka FT, Jacobson MA, Martin-Munley S, Hedman A, Schoenfeld P, Omachi R, Tsunoda S, Gambertoglio JG. Effect of renal disease and hemodialysis on foscarnet pharmacokinetics and dosing recommendations. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1999 Apr 1; 20(4):350-7.
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      45. Jacobson MA, Wilson S, Stanley H, Holtzer C, Cherrington J, Safrin S. Phase I study of combination therapy with intravenous cidofovir and oral ganciclovir for cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Mar; 28(3):528-33.
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      46. Jacobson MA. Editorial comment: when to discontinue maintenance therapy for OIs in patients on HAART. AIDS Read. 1999 Mar-Apr; 9(2):124.
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      47. Robles R, Lugo D, Gee L, Jacobson MA. Effect of antiviral drugs used to treat cytomegalovirus end-organ disease on subsequent course of previously diagnosed Kaposi's sarcoma in patients with AIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1999 Jan 1; 20(1):34-8.
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      48. Aberg JA, Yajko DM, Jacobson MA. Eradication of AIDS-related disseminated mycobacterium avium complex infection after 12 months of antimycobacterial therapy combined with highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 1998 Nov; 178(5):1446-9.
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      49. Gambertoglio J, Kumar P, Dieterich D, Jacobson MA. Absence of effect of glutamic acid hydrochloride on the bioavailability of oral ganciclovir in AIDS patients with cytomegalovirus disease. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998 Aug 1; 18(4):394-6.
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      50. Komanduri KV, Viswanathan MN, Wieder ED, Schmidt DK, Bredt BM, Jacobson MA, McCune JM. Restoration of cytomegalovirus-specific CD4+ T-lymphocyte responses after ganciclovir and highly active antiretroviral therapy in individuals infected with HIV-1. Nat Med. 1998 Aug; 4(8):953-6.
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      51. Whitley RJ, Jacobson MA, Friedberg DN, Holland GN, Jabs DA, Dieterich DT, Hardy WD, Polis MA, Deutsch TA, Feinberg J, Spector SA, Walmsley S, Drew WL, Powderly WG, Griffiths PD, Benson CA, Kessler HA. Guidelines for the treatment of cytomegalovirus diseases in patients with AIDS in the era of potent antiretroviral therapy: recommendations of an international panel. International AIDS Society-USA. Arch Intern Med. 1998 May 11; 158(9):957-69.
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      52. Jacobson MA. AIDS-related cytomegalovirus retinitis. Drugs Today (Barc). 1998 May; 34(5):409-13.
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      53. Zegans ME, Walton RC, Holland GN, O'Donnell JJ, Jacobson MA, Margolis TP. Transient vitreous inflammatory reactions associated with combination antiretroviral therapy in patients with AIDS and cytomegalovirus retinitis. Am J Ophthalmol. 1998 Mar; 125(3):292-300.
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      54. Kuritzkes DR, Parenti D, Ward DJ, Rachlis A, Wong RJ, Mallon KP, Rich WJ, Jacobson MA. Filgrastim prevents severe neutropenia and reduces infective morbidity in patients with advanced HIV infection: results of a randomized, multicenter, controlled trial. G-CSF 930101 Study Group. AIDS. 1998 Jan 1; 12(1):65-74.
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      55. Jacobson MA, French M. Altered natural history of AIDS-related opportunistic infections in the era of potent combination antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 1998; 12 Suppl A:S157-63.
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      56. Feinberg JE, Hurwitz S, Cooper D, Sattler FR, MacGregor RR, Powderly W, Holland GN, Griffiths PD, Pollard RB, Youle M, Gill MJ, Holland FJ, Power ME, Owens S, Coakley D, Fry J, Jacobson MA. A randomized, double-blind trial of valaciclovir prophylaxis for cytomegalovirus disease in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 204/Glaxo Wellcome 123-014 International CMV Prophylaxis Study Group. J Infect Dis. 1998 Jan; 177(1):48-56.
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      57. Jacobson MA. Ganciclovir therapy for severe cytomegalovirus infection in immunocompetent patients. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Dec; 25(6):1487-8.
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      58. Fredricks DN, Rojanasthien N, Jacobson MA. AIDS-related disseminated histoplasmosis in San Francisco, California. West J Med. 1997 Nov; 167(5):315-21.
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      59. Jacobson MA, Liu RC, Davies D, Cohen PT. Human immunodeficiency virus disease-related neutropenia and the risk of hospitalization for bacterial infection. Arch Intern Med. 1997 Sep 8; 157(16):1825-31.
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      60. Holtzer CD, Stanley HD, Jacobson MA. Severe reversible thrombocytopenia caused by recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in an AIDS patient receiving chronic ganciclovir therapy. AIDS. 1997 Sep; 11(11):1403-5.
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      61. Jacobson MA. Treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1997 Jul 10; 337(2):105-14.
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      62. Jacobson MA, Zegans M, Pavan PR, O'Donnell JJ, Sattler F, Rao N, Owens S, Pollard R. Cytomegalovirus retinitis after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Lancet. 1997 May 17; 349(9063):1443-5.
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      63. Mueller AJ, Jacobson MA, Hurwitz S, Chuang EL, Friedberg DN, Haidt SJ, Heinemann MH, Jabs DA, Kaplan HJ, Freeman WR. Re-evaluation of time to progression of foscarnet salvage therapy for cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS patients clinically resistant to ganciclovir. AIDS. 1997 Mar; 11(3):397-9.
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      64. Kohl S, Sigaroudinia M, Charlebois ED, Jacobson MA. Interleukin-12 administered in vivo decreases human NK cell cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity to human immunodeficiency virus-infected cells. J Infect Dis. 1996 Nov; 174(5):1105-8.
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      65. Marra CM, Gary DW, Kuypers J, Jacobson MA. Diagnosis of neurosyphilis in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Infect Dis. 1996 Jul; 174(1):219-21.
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      66. Jacobson MA. Current management of cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS update on ganciclovir and foscarnet for CMV infections. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1996; 394:85-92.
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      67. Harb GE, Mandema JW, Delahunty T, Benowitz NB, Coleman R, Sheiner LB, Jacobson MA. Population pharmacokinetics of didanosine in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1996 Jan; 173(1):273.
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      68. Jacobson MA, Gundacker H, Hughes M, Fischl M, Volberding P. Zidovudine side effects as reported by black, Hispanic, and white/non-Hispanic patients with early HIV disease: combined analysis of two multicenter placebo-controlled trials. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996 Jan 1; 11(1):45-52.
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      69. Jacobson MA, De Gruttola V, Reddy M, Arduino JM, Strickland S, Reichman RC, Bartlett JA, Phair JP, Hirsch MS, Collier AC, et al. The predictive value of changes in serologic and cell markers of HIV activity for subsequent clinical outcome in patients with asymptomatic HIV disease treated with zidovudine. AIDS. 1995 Jul; 9(7):727-34.
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      70. Spector SA, Busch DF, Follansbee S, Squires K, Lalezari JP, Jacobson MA, Connor JD, Jung D, Shadman A, Mastre B, et al. Pharmacokinetic, safety, and antiviral profiles of oral ganciclovir in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: a phase I/II study. AIDS Clinical Trials Group, and Cytomegalovirus Cooperative Study Group. J Infect Dis. 1995 Jun; 171(6):1431-7.
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      71. Holland GN, Levinson RD, Jacobson MA. Dose-related difference in progression rates of cytomegalovirus retinopathy during foscarnet maintenance therapy. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 915 Team. Am J Ophthalmol. 1995 May; 119(5):576-86.
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      72. Aweeka FT, Gambertoglio JG, Kramer F, van der Horst C, Polsky B, Jayewardene A, Lizak P, Emrick L, Tong W, Jacobson MA. Foscarnet and ganciclovir pharmacokinetics during concomitant or alternating maintenance therapy for AIDS-related cytomegalovirus retinitis. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1995 Apr; 57(4):403-12.
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      73. Jacobson MA. Update (1995) on clinical trials of antiviral therapy and prophylaxis for AIDS-related cytomegalovirus disease. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1995; 99:96-9.
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      74. Flexner C, van der Horst C, Jacobson MA, Powderly W, Duncanson F, Ganes D, Barditch-Crovo PA, Petty BG, Baron PA, Armstrong D, et al. Relationship between plasma concentrations of 3'-deoxy-3'-fluorothymidine (alovudine) and antiretroviral activity in two concentration-controlled trials. J Infect Dis. 1994 Dec; 170(6):1394-403.
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      75. Burack JH, Hahn JA, Saint-Maurice D, Jacobson MA. Microbiology of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia in persons with and at risk for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Implications for rational empiric antibiotic therapy. Arch Intern Med. 1994 Nov 28; 154(22):2589-96.
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      76. Jacobson MA. Current management of cytomegalovirus disease in patients with AIDS. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994 Aug; 10(8):917-23.
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      77. Jacobson MA, Gallant J, Wang LH, Coakley D, Weller S, Gary D, Squires L, Smiley ML, Blum MR, Feinberg J. Phase I trial of valaciclovir, the L-valyl ester of acyclovir, in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus disease. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1994 Jul; 38(7):1534-40.
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      78. Jacobson MA, Kramer F, Bassiakos Y, Hooton T, Polsky B, Geheb H, O'Donnell JJ, Walker JD, Korvick JA, van der Horst C. Randomized phase I trial of two different combination foscarnet and ganciclovir chronic maintenance therapy regimens for AIDS patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis: AIDS clinical Trials Group Protocol 151. J Infect Dis. 1994 Jul; 170(1):189-93.
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      79. Jacobson MA, Polsky B, Causey D, Davis R, Tong W, O'Donnell JJ, Kuppermann BD, Heinemann MH, Feinberg J, Lizak P, et al. Pharmacodynamic relationship of pharmacokinetic parameters of maintenance doses of foscarnet and clinical outcome of cytomegalovirus retinitis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1994 May; 38(5):1190-3.
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      80. Jacobson MA, Wulfsohn M, Feinberg JE, Davis R, Power M, Owens S, Causey D, Heath-Chiozzi ME, Murphy RL, Cheung TW, et al. Phase II dose-ranging trial of foscarnet salvage therapy for cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS patients intolerant of or resistant to ganciclovir (ACTG protocol 093). AIDS Clinical Trials Group of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. AIDS. 1994 Apr; 8(4):451-9.
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      81. Stanley HD, Charlebois E, Harb G, Jacobson MA. Central venous catheter infections in AIDS patients receiving treatment for cytomegalovirus disease. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Mar; 7(3):272-8.
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      82. Chin DP, Hopewell PC, Yajko DM, Vittinghoff E, Horsburgh CR, Hadley WK, Stone EN, Nassos PS, Ostroff SM, Jacobson MA, et al. Mycobacterium avium complex in the respiratory or gastrointestinal tract and the risk of M. avium complex bacteremia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1994 Feb; 169(2):289-95.
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      83. Jacobson MA, Besch CL, Child C, Hafner R, Matts JP, Muth K, Wentworth DN, Neaton JD, Abrams D, Rimland D, et al. Primary prophylaxis with pyrimethamine for toxoplasmic encephalitis in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus disease: results of a randomized trial. Terry Beirn Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1994 Feb; 169(2):384-94.
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      84. Harb GE, Alldredge BK, Coleman R, Jacobson MA. Pharmacoepidemiology of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients with human immunodeficiency virus disease. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1993 Aug; 6(8):919-26.
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      85. Jacobson MA, Causey D, Polsky B, Hardy D, Chown M, Davis R, O'Donnell JJ, Kuppermann BD, Heinemann MH, Holland GN, et al. A dose-ranging study of daily maintenance intravenous foscarnet therapy for cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1993 Aug; 168(2):444-8.
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      86. Jacobson MA, Yajko D, Northfelt D, Charlebois E, Gary D, Brosgart C, Sanders CA, Hadley WK. Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of rifampin, ethambutol, and ciprofloxacin for AIDS patients with disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection. J Infect Dis. 1993 Jul; 168(1):112-9.
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      87. Harb GE, Jacobson MA. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Does it increase susceptibility to adverse drug reactions? Drug Saf. 1993 Jul; 9(1):1-8.
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      88. Dyner TS, Lang W, Geaga J, Golub A, Stites D, Winger E, Galmarini M, Masterson J, Jacobson MA. An open-label dose-escalation trial of oral dehydroepiandrosterone tolerance and pharmacokinetics in patients with HIV disease. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1993 May; 6(5):459-65.
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      89. Jacobson MA, Owen W, Campbell J, Brosgart C, Abrams DI. Tolerability of combined ganciclovir and didanosine for the treatment of cytomegalovirus disease associated with AIDS. Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Feb; 16 Suppl 1:S69-73.
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      90. Jacobson MA. Valaciclovir (BW256U87): the L-valyl ester of acyclovir. J Med Virol. 1993; Suppl 1:150-3.
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      91. Bayard PJ, Berger TG, Jacobson MA. Drug hypersensitivity reactions and human immunodeficiency virus disease. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992 Dec; 5(12):1237-57.
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      92. Reddy MM, Grieco MH, McKinley GF, Causey DM, van der Horst CM, Parenti DM, Hooton TM, Davis RB, Jacobson MA. Effect of foscarnet therapy on human immunodeficiency virus p24 antigen levels in AIDS patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis. J Infect Dis. 1992 Sep; 166(3):607-10.
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      93. Aweeka FT, Gambertoglio JG, van der Horst C, Raasch R, Jacobson MA. Pharmacokinetics of concomitantly administered foscarnet and zidovudine for treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection (AIDS Clinical Trials Group protocol 053). Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1992 Aug; 36(8):1773-8.
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      94. Jacobson MA, Stanley HD, Heard SE. Ganciclovir with recombinant methionyl human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for treatment of cytomegalovirus disease in AIDS patients. AIDS. 1992 May; 6(5):515-7.
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      95. Jacobson MA. Maintenance therapy for cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: foscarnet. Am J Med. 1992 Feb 14; 92(2A):26S-29S.
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      96. Jacobson MA, Besch CL, Child C, Hafner R, Matts JP, Muth K, Wentworth DN, Deyton L. Toxicity of clindamycin as prophylaxis for AIDS-associated toxoplasmic encephalitis. Community Programs for Clinical Research on AIDS. Lancet. 1992 Feb 8; 339(8789):333-4.
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      97. Jacobson MA. Review of the toxicities of foscarnet. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992; 5 Suppl 1:S11-7.
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      98. Bacchetti P, Moss AR, Andrews JC, Jacobson MA. Early predictors of survival in symptomatic HIV-infected persons treated with high-dose zidovudine. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992; 5(7):732-6.
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      99. Jacobson MA, Fusaro RE, Galmarini M, Lang W. Decreased serum dehydroepiandrosterone is associated with an increased progression of human immunodeficiency virus infection in men with CD4 cell counts of 200-499. J Infect Dis. 1991 Nov; 164(5):864-8.
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      100. Jacobson MA, Hopewell PC, Yajko DM, Hadley WK, Lazarus E, Mohanty PK, Modin GW, Feigal DW, Cusick PS, Sande MA. Natural history of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex infection in AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1991 Nov; 164(5):994-8.
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      101. Harb GE, Bacchetti P, Jacobson MA. Survival of patients with AIDS and cytomegalovirus disease treated with ganciclovir or foscarnet. AIDS. 1991 Aug; 5(8):959-65.
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      102. Jacobson MA, Mills J, Rush J, Peiperl L, Seru V, Mohanty PK, Hopewell PC, Hadley WK, Broadus VC, Leoung G, et al. Morbidity and mortality of patients with AIDS and first-episode Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia unaffected by concomitant pulmonary cytomegalovirus infection. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Jul; 144(1):6-9.
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      103. Jacobson MA, Drew WL, Feinberg J, O'Donnell JJ, Whitmore PV, Miner RD, Parenti D. Foscarnet therapy for ganciclovir-resistant cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1991 Jun; 163(6):1348-51.
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      104. Jacobson MA, Gambertoglio JG, Aweeka FT, Causey DM, Portale AA. Foscarnet-induced hypocalcemia and effects of foscarnet on calcium metabolism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1991 May; 72(5):1130-5.
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      105. Jacobson MA, Besch CL, Child C, Hafner R, Muth K, Deyton L. Clinical programs for clinical research on AIDS: description of a randomized prospective study of clindamycin versus pyrimethamine for prevention of Toxoplasma gondii infection. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1991 Mar; 10(3):195-8.
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      106. Jacobson MA, Bacchetti P, Kolokathis A, Chaisson RE, Szabo S, Polsky B, Valainis GT, Mildvan D, Abrams D, Wilber J, et al. Surrogate markers for survival in patients with AIDS and AIDS related complex treated with zidovudine. BMJ. 1991 Jan 12; 302(6768):73-8.
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      107. Jacobson MA, O'Donnell JJ. Approaches to the treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis: ganciclovir and foscarnet. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1991; 4 Suppl 1:S11-5.
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      108. Wilcox CM, Diehl DL, Cello JP, Margaretten W, Jacobson MA. Cytomegalovirus esophagitis in patients with AIDS. A clinical, endoscopic, and pathologic correlation. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Oct 15; 113(8):589-93.
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      109. Wilcox CM, Byford BA, Forsmark CE, Hadley WK, Cello JP, Jacobson MA. Campylobacter-like organisms are uncommon pathogens in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. J Clin Microbiol. 1990 Oct; 28(10):2370-1.
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      110. Leoung GS, Feigal DW, Montgomery AB, Corkery K, Wardlaw L, Adams M, Busch D, Gordon S, Jacobson MA, Volberding PA, et al. Aerosolized pentamidine for prophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. The San Francisco community prophylaxis trial. N Engl J Med. 1990 Sep 20; 323(12):769-75.
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      111. Farese RV, Schambelan M, Hollander H, Stringari S, Jacobson MA. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus associated with foscarnet treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis. Ann Intern Med. 1990 Jun 15; 112(12):955-6.
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      112. Jacobson MA, Peiperl L, Volberding PA, Porteous D, Toy PT, Feigal D. Red cell transfusion therapy for anemia in patients with AIDS and ARC: incidence, associated factors, and outcome. Transfusion. 1990 Feb; 30(2):133-7.
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      113. Hassanzadeh MK, Aweeka FT, Wu S, Jacobson MA, Gambertoglio JG. Determination of phosphonoformic acid in human plasma and urine by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. J Chromatogr. 1990 Jan 26; 525(1):133-40.
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      114. Jacobson MA, O'Donnell JJ, Rousell R, Dionian B, Mills J. Failure of adjunctive cytomegalovirus intravenous immune globulin to improve efficacy of ganciclovir in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and cytomegalovirus retinitis: a phase 1 study. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Jan; 34(1):176-8.
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      115. Jacobson MA, Abrams DI, Volberding PA, Bacchetti P, Wilber J, Chaisson RE, Crowe S, Howard W, Moss A. Serum beta 2-microglobulin decreases in patients with AIDS or ARC treated with azidothymidine. J Infect Dis. 1989 Jun; 159(6):1029-36.
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      116. Erlich KS, Jacobson MA, Koehler JE, Follansbee SE, Drennan DP, Gooze L, Safrin S, Mills J. Foscarnet therapy for severe acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus type-2 infections in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). An uncontrolled trial. Ann Intern Med. 1989 May 1; 110(9):710-3.
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      117. Jacobson MA, O'Donnell JJ, Mills J. Foscarnet treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1989 May; 33(5):736-41.
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      118. Aweeka F, Gambertoglio J, Mills J, Jacobson MA. Pharmacokinetics of intermittently administered intravenous foscarnet in the treatment of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients with serious cytomegalovirus retinitis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1989 May; 33(5):742-5.
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      119. Small PM, McPhaul LW, Sooy CD, Wofsy CB, Jacobson MA. Cytomegalovirus infection of the laryngeal nerve presenting as hoarseness in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Med. 1989 Jan; 86(1):108-10.
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      120. O'Donnell JJ, Jacobson MA. Cotton-wool spots and cytomegalovirus retinitis in AIDS. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1989; 29(2):105-7.
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      121. Jacobson MA, McGrath MS, Joseph P, Molaghan JB, Tadepalli S, Quinn R. Zidovudine-induced fever. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1989; 2(4):382-8.
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      122. Jacobson MA, Mills J, Rush J, O'Donnell JJ, Miller RG, Greco C, Gonzales MF. Failure of antiviral therapy for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cytomegalovirus myelitis. Arch Neurol. 1988 Oct; 45(10):1090-2.
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      123. Jacobson MA, Crowe S, Levy J, Aweeka F, Gambertoglio J, McManus N, Mills J. Effect of Foscarnet therapy on infection with human immunodeficiency virus in patients with AIDS. J Infect Dis. 1988 Oct; 158(4):862-5.
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      124. Jacobson MA, de Miranda P, Gordon SM, Blum MR, Volberding P, Mills J. Prolonged pancytopenia due to combined ganciclovir and zidovudine therapy. J Infect Dis. 1988 Aug; 158(2):489-90.
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      125. Jacobson MA, Gellermann H, Chambers H. Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and recurrent staphylococcal infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and AIDS-related complex. Am J Med. 1988 Aug; 85(2):172-6.
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      126. Jacobson MA, O'Donnell JJ, Brodie HR, Wofsy C, Mills J. Randomized prospective trial of ganciclovir maintenance therapy for cytomegalovirus retinitis. J Med Virol. 1988 Jul; 25(3):339-49.
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      127. Mills J, Jacobson MA, O'Donnell JJ, Cederberg D, Holland GN. Treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS. Rev Infect Dis. 1988 Jul-Aug; 10 Suppl 3:S522-31.
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      128. Ng VL, Jacobson MA, Khayam-Bashi H, McGrath MS. Lymphoma in an HIV-positive man after disappearance of a paraprotein. N Engl J Med. 1988 Jun 30; 318(26):1761.
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      129. Jacobson MA, O'Donnell JJ, Porteous D, Brodie HR, Feigal D, Mills J. Retinal and gastrointestinal disease due to cytomegalovirus in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome: prevalence, natural history, and response to ganciclovir therapy. Q J Med. 1988 Jun; 67(254):473-86.
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      130. Jacobson MA, Mills J. Serious cytomegalovirus disease in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Clinical findings, diagnosis, and treatment. Ann Intern Med. 1988 Apr; 108(4):585-94.
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      131. Jacobson MA, Cello JP, Sande MA. Cholestasis and disseminated cytomegalovirus disease in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Am J Med. 1988 Feb; 84(2):218-24.
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      132. Jacobson MA, de Miranda P, Cederberg DM, Burnette T, Cobb E, Brodie HR, Mills J. Human pharmacokinetics and tolerance of oral ganciclovir. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1987 Aug; 31(8):1251-4.
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      133. O'Donnell JJ, Jacobson MA, Mills J. Development of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in a patient with AIDS during ganciclovir therapy of CMV colitis. N Engl J Med. 1987 Jun 18; 316(25):1607-8.
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