Loading...

Pearl Toy, MD

TitleProfessor Emeritus
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentLaboratory Medicine
Address521 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco CA 94117
vCardDownload vCard

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Smith College, Northampton, MAB.A., Phi Beta Kappa1969Biochemistry
    Stanford Medical School, Stanford, CAM.D., Alpha Omega Alpha1973Medicine
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    California Blood Bank Society2017Herbert Perkins & George Garratty Memorial Lectureship Award
    International Soc Blood Transfusion, Am Assoc Blood Banks, and British Blood Transfusion Society2007International Woman in Transfusion Medicine Award
    Harvard Hospitals Transfusion Medicine Joint Program2007Inaugural Transfusion Medicine Margot S. Kruskall Lectureship
    UCSF2005Nominee, Chancellor's Award for Public Service
    NIH2000 - 2004Member, NHLBI Advisory Council
    TCU/Cliburn Institute, Fort Worth, Texas1999Winner, Amateur Piano Concerto Competition
    Various orchestras1997 - 2002Soloist, the 5 Beethoven piano concertos
    NHLBI, NIH1996 - 2011PI, Transfusion Medicine Specialized Center of Research SCOR grants (3 consecutive 5-yr awards)
    Smith College, Northampton, MA1991Smith College Medal
    UCSF Academic Senate1985Distinguished Teaching Award
    NHLBI, NIH1983 - 1988Transfusion Medicine Academic Award
    UCSF Department of Laboratory Medicine1983Faculty Teaching Award
    Stanford University School of Medicine1973Alpha Omega Alpha
    Smith College, Northampton, MA1968Phi Beta Kappa (Jr year), Sigma Xi

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Board Certified in Internal Medicine
    Subspecialties: Hematology, Transfusion Medicine

    1980-2010: Chief, Blood Bank, UCSF (1980-1992 SF General, 1991-2010 Moffitt-Long Hospital)

    1998-present: Founder and Director of the noontime Chancellor's Concert Series that brings free, live classical music to the all-science UCSF campus 15 times a year



    1980-present: Prevention of diseases transmitted by blood and blood transfusion:

    1. Prevention of hepatitis B transmission from mother-to-infant, by perinatal administration of hepatitis B immunoglobulin and hepatitis B vaccine to infants of carrier mothers. After this work was published and provided evidence that vaccination of infants was safe and effective, the US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended routine hepatitis B vaccination for infants in 1991.

    REF: Stevens CE, Toy PT, Tong MJ, Taylor PE, Vyas GN, Nair PV, Gudavalli M, Krugman S. Perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission in the United States. Prevention by passive-active immunization. JAMA. 1985 Mar 22-29; 253(12):1740-5.

    2. Prevention of transfusion-associated diseases associated with transfusion by the use of autologous blood.

    REF: Toy PT, Strauss RG, Stehling LC, Sears R, Price TH, Rossi EC, Collins ML, Crowley JP, Eisenstaedt RS, Goodnough LT, et al. Predeposited autologous blood for elective surgery. A national multicenter study. N Engl J Med. 1987 Feb 26; 316(9):517-20.

    3. Prevention of unnecessary plasma transfusion, by determining that there is no increased risk of bleeding in patients with mild coagulopathy who underwent percutaneous needle procedures.

    REF: McVay PA, Toy PT. Lack of increased bleeding after liver biopsy in patients with mild hemostatic abnormalities. Am J Clin Pathol. 1990 Dec; 94(6):747-53.

    REF: McVay PA, Toy PT. Lack of increased bleeding after paracentesis and thoracentesis in patients with mild coagulation abnormalities. Transfusion. 1991 Feb; 31(2):164-71.

    4. Prevention of bleeding from dilutional coagulopathy in trauma patients massively transfused with packed red blood cells, by earlier transfusion of plasma and/or whole blood.

    REF: Leslie SD, Toy PT. Laboratory hemostatic abnormalities in massively transfused patients given red blood cells and crystalloid. Am J Clin Pathol. 1991 Dec; 96(6):770-3.

    REF: San Francisco General Hospital Blood Bank procedures


    5. Prevention of unnecessary transfusions by physician education and prospective review of blood orders.

    REF: Toy PT. Audit and education in transfusion medicine. Vox Sang. 1996; 70(1):1-5.

    REF: UCSF Blood Bank procedures

    6. Prevention of unnecessary red blood cell transfusion, by examining the red blood cell transfusion trigger level. We determined that only hemoglobin levels below 7 g/dL are associated with organ impairment (cognitive dysfunction) during acute normovolemic anemia in normal humans.

    REF: Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Hopf HW, Viele MK, Watson JJ, Kramer JH, Ho R, Toy P. Oxygen reverses deficits of cognitive function and memory and increased heart rate induced by acute severe isovolemic anemia. Anesthesiology. 2002 Apr; 96(4):871-7.


    7. Prevention of hyperkalemia (high potassium levels) and associated cardiac abnormalities in pediatric cardiac surgery patients, by washing stored red blood cells prior to transfusion on the morning of surgery.

    REF: Weiskopf RB, Schnapp S, Rouine-Rapp K, Bostrom A, Toy P. Extracellular potassium concentrations in red blood cell suspensions after irradiation and washing. Transfusion. 2005 Aug; 45(8):1295-301.

    REF: UCSF Blood Bank procedures

    8. Prevention of exsanguination in acutely bleeding hospitalized patients, by establishing an Emergency Release procedure so that blood and blood components are rapidly available.

    REF: Weiskopf RB, Webb M, Stangle D, Klinbergs G, Toy P. A procedure for rapid issue of red cells for emergency use. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2005 Apr; 129(4):492-6.

    REF: UCSF Blood Bank procedures

    9. Prevention of most hemolytic transfusion reactions associated with transfusion of Group O plasma, by not transfusing group O plasma to group A and AB patients (most ABO hemolytic reactions associated with transfusion of group O plasma are in group A patients, and rarely in group B patients).

    REF: UCSF Blood Bank Procedures

    10. Prevention of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) by establishing a clinical definition, determining the transfusion and patient risk factors, and observing the efficacy of transfusing plasma from predominantly male donors in reducing TRALI incidence.

    REF: Toy P, Popovsky MA, Abraham E, Ambruso DR, Holness LG, Kopko PM, McFarland JG, Nathens AB, Silliman CC, Stroncek D. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: definition and review. Crit Care Med. 2005 Apr; 33(4):721-6.

    REF: Toy P, Gajic O, Bacchetti P, Looney MR, Gropper MA, Hubmayr R, Lowell CA, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Weiskopf RB, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee D, Schuller R, Wu P, Grimes B, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair D, Hirschler N, Sanchez Rosen R, Matthay MA. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: incidence and risk factors. Blood. 2012 Feb 16; 119(7):1757-67.

    11. Prevention of TRALI in pediatric patients undergoing spine surgery, by identifying transfusion of maternal blood as an important risk factor.

    REF: Dunbar N, Cooke M, Diab M, Toy P. Transfusion-related acute lung injury after transfusion of maternal blood: a case-control study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 1; 35(23):E1322-7.

    REF: UCSF Blood Donor Center procedures

    12. Prevention of septic platelet transfusion reactions being mistaken for TRALI.

    REF: Rollins MD, Molofsky AB, Nambiar A, Pandey S, Weiskopf RB, Toy P. Two septic transfusion reactions presenting as transfusion-related acute lung injury from a split plateletpheresis unit. Crit Care Med. 2012 Aug; 40(8):2488-91.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Transfusion and Lung Injury
    NIH/NHLBI P50HL081027Sep 30, 2005 - Aug 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TRANSFUSION BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
    NIH/NHLBI P50HL054476Feb 1, 1996 - Dec 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    TRANSFUSION REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTIVE SURGERY PROCEDURES
    NIH/NHLBI R03HL050280Apr 1, 1994 - Mar 31, 1998
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MODEL AUTOLOGOUS PREDEPOSIT BLOOD DONATION PROGRAM
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL036715Apr 1, 1987 - Mar 31, 1993
    Role: Principal Investigator
    SCIENTIFIC REVIEW AND EVALUATION AWARD
    NIH/NHLBI U09HL007541Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1996
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    TRANSFUSION MEDICINE
    NIH/NHLBI K07HL001270Sep 30, 1983 - Sep 29, 1988
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Toy P, Kleinman SH, Looney MR. Proposed revised nomenclature for transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfusion. 2016 Dec 26. PMID: 28019007.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Toy P, Kleinman SH, Looney MR. Reply to concerns regarding dropping the term "possible TRALI". Transfusion. 2016 Sep; 56(9):2394-5. PMID: 27624212.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Feiner JR, Gropper MA, Toy P, Lieberman J, Twiford J, Weiskopf RB. A Clinical Trial to Detect Subclinical Transfusion-induced Lung Injury during Surgery. Anesthesiology. 2015 Jul; 123(1):126-35. PMID: 25946480; PMCID: PMC4626309 [Available on 07/01/16].
    4. Roubinian NH, Looney MR, Kor DJ, Lowell CA, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Gropper MA, Koenigsberg M, Wilson GA, Matthay MA, Toy P, Murphy EL. Cytokines and clinical predictors in distinguishing pulmonary transfusion reactions. Transfusion. 2015 Aug; 55(8):1838-46. PMID: 25702590; PMCID: PMC4536135 [Available on 08/01/16].
    5. Schmickl CN, Mastrobuoni S, Filippidis FT, Shah S, Radic J, Murad MH, Toy P, Gajic O. Male-predominant plasma transfusion strategy for preventing transfusion-related acute lung injury: a systematic review. Crit Care Med. 2015 Jan; 43(1):205-25. PMID: 25514705.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Toy P, Bacchetti P, Grimes B, Gajic O, Murphy EL, Winters JL, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD, Matthay MA, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee DC, Hirschler NV, Lowell CA, Schuller RM, Gandhi MJ, Norris PJ, Mair DC, Sanchez Rosen R, Looney MR. Recipient clinical risk factors predominate in possible transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfusion. 2015 May; 55(5):947-52. PMID: 25488517; PMCID: PMC4428945 [Available on 05/01/16].
    7. Looney MR, Roubinian N, Gajic O, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD, Lowell CA, Bacchetti P, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee DC, Wu P, Grimes B, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair DC, Schuller RM, Hirschler NV, Rosen RS, Matthay MA, Toy P. Prospective study on the clinical course and outcomes in transfusion-related acute lung injury*. Crit Care Med. 2014 Jul; 42(7):1676-87. PMID: 24776608; PMCID: PMC4284060.
    8. Murphy EL, Kwaan N, Looney MR, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Gropper MA, Koenigsberg M, Wilson G, Matthay M, Bacchetti P, Toy P. Risk factors and outcomes in transfusion-associated circulatory overload. Am J Med. 2013 Apr; 126(4):357.e29-38. PMID: 23357450; PMCID: PMC3652681.
    9. Gandhi MJ, Carrick DM, Jenkins S, De Goey S, Ploeger NA, Wilson GA, Lee JH, Winters JL, Stubbs JR, Toy P, Norris PJ. Lot-to-lot variability in HLA antibody screening using a multiplexed bead-based assay. Transfusion. 2013 Sep; 53(9):1940-7. PMID: 23305156; PMCID: PMC3626740.
    10. Clifford L, Singh A, Wilson GA, Toy P, Gajic O, Malinchoc M, Herasevich V, Pathak J, Kor DJ. Electronic health record surveillance algorithms facilitate the detection of transfusion-related pulmonary complications. Transfusion. 2013 Jun; 53(6):1205-16. PMID: 22934792.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Rollins MD, Molofsky AB, Nambiar A, Pandey S, Weiskopf RB, Toy P. Two septic transfusion reactions presenting as transfusion-related acute lung injury from a split plateletpheresis unit. Crit Care Med. 2012 Aug; 40(8):2488-91. PMID: 22809916; PMCID: PMC3733455.
    12. Sayah DM, Looney MR, Toy P. Transfusion reactions: newer concepts on the pathophysiology, incidence, treatment, and prevention of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Crit Care Clin. 2012 Jul; 28(3):363-72, v. PMID: 22713611; PMCID: PMC3380279.
    13. Caudrillier A, Kessenbrock K, Gilliss BM, Nguyen JX, Marques MB, Monestier M, Toy P, Werb Z, Looney MR. Platelets induce neutrophil extracellular traps in transfusion-related acute lung injury. J Clin Invest. 2012 Jul; 122(7):2661-71. PMID: 22684106; PMCID: PMC3386815.
    14. Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Toy P, Twiford J, Shimabukuro D, Lieberman J, Looney MR, Lowell CA, Gropper MA. Fresh and stored red blood cell transfusion equivalently induce subclinical pulmonary gas exchange deficit in normal humans. Anesth Analg. 2012 Mar; 114(3):511-9. PMID: 22262647; PMCID: PMC3927839.
    15. Toy P, Gajic O, Bacchetti P, Looney MR, Gropper MA, Hubmayr R, Lowell CA, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Weiskopf RB, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee D, Schuller R, Wu P, Grimes B, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair D, Hirschler N, Sanchez Rosen R, Matthay MA. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: incidence and risk factors. Blood. 2012 Feb 16; 119(7):1757-67. PMID: 22117051; PMCID: PMC3286351.
    16. Feiner JR, Finlay-Morreale HE, Toy P, Lieberman JA, Viele MK, Hopf HW, Weiskopf RB. High oxygen partial pressure decreases anemia-induced heart rate increase equivalent to transfusion. Anesthesiology. 2011 Sep; 115(3):492-8. PMID: 21768873; PMCID: PMC3166888.
    17. Dunbar N, Cooke M, Diab M, Toy P. Transfusion-related acute lung injury after transfusion of maternal blood: a case-control study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 1; 35(23):E1322-7. PMID: 20938390; PMCID: PMC2964398.
    18. Weiskopf RB, Yau R, Sanchez R, Lowell C, Toy P. Microarray kit analysis of cytokines in blood product units and segments. Transfusion. 2009 Nov; 49(11):2269-75. PMID: 19548981; PMCID: PMC2783862.
    19. Green WS, Toy P, Bozic KJ. Cost minimization analysis of preoperative erythropoietin vs autologous and allogeneic blood donation in total joint arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2010 Jan; 25(1):93-6. PMID: 19056224.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Toy P. Red blood cell age and function. Transfusion. 2008 Sep; 48(9):2026. PMID: 18811899.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Finlay-Morreale HE, Louie C, Toy P. Computer-generated automatic alerts of respiratory distress after blood transfusion. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008 May-Jun; 15(3):383-5. PMID: 18308991; PMCID: PMC2410003.
    22. Sanchez R, Bacchetti P, Toy P. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: a case-control pilot study of risk factors. Am J Clin Pathol. 2007 Jul; 128(1):128-34. PMID: 17580280.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Toy P, Lowell C. TRALI--definition, mechanisms, incidence and clinical relevance. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2007 Jun; 21(2):183-93. PMID: 17650771; PMCID: PMC2767181.
    24. Fiebig EW, Wu AH, Krombach J, Tang J, Nguyen KA, Toy P. Transfusion-related acute lung injury and transfusion-associated circulatory overload: mutually exclusive or coexisting entities? Transfusion. 2007 Jan; 47(1):171-2. PMID: 17207246.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Hopf H, Lieberman J, Finlay HE, Quah C, Kramer JH, Bostrom A, Toy P. Fresh blood and aged stored blood are equally efficacious in immediately reversing anemia-induced brain oxygenation deficits in humans. Anesthesiology. 2006 May; 104(5):911-20. PMID: 16645441.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Gajic O, Dzik WH, Toy P. Fresh frozen plasma and platelet transfusion for nonbleeding patients in the intensive care unit: benefit or harm? Crit Care Med. 2006 May; 34(5 Suppl):S170-3. PMID: 16617262.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Finlay HE, Cassorla L, Feiner J, Toy P. Designing and testing a computer-based screening system for transfusion-related acute lung injury. Am J Clin Pathol. 2005 Oct; 124(4):601-9. PMID: 16146824.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Sanchez R, Toy P. Transfusion related acute lung injury: a pediatric perspective. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2005 Sep; 45(3):248-55. PMID: 15852432.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Weiskopf RB, Schnapp S, Rouine-Rapp K, Bostrom A, Toy P. Extracellular potassium concentrations in red blood cell suspensions after irradiation and washing. Transfusion. 2005 Aug; 45(8):1295-301. PMID: 16078915.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Weiskopf RB, Webb M, Stangle D, Klinbergs G, Toy P. A procedure for rapid issue of red cells for emergency use. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2005 Apr; 129(4):492-6. PMID: 15794672.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Toy P, Popovsky MA, Abraham E, Ambruso DR, Holness LG, Kopko PM, McFarland JG, Nathens AB, Silliman CC, Stroncek D. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: definition and review. Crit Care Med. 2005 Apr; 33(4):721-6. PMID: 15818095.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Weiskopf RB, Toy P, Hopf HW, Feiner J, Finlay HE, Takahashi M, Bostrom A, Songster C, Aminoff MJ. Acute isovolemic anemia impairs central processing as determined by P300 latency. Clin Neurophysiol. 2005 May; 116(5):1028-32. PMID: 15826842.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Toy P, Hollis-Perry KM, Jun J, Nakagawa M. Recipients of blood from a donor with multiple HLA antibodies: a lookback study of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfusion. 2004 Dec; 44(12):1683-8. PMID: 15584980.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Nakagawa M, Toy P. Acute and transient decrease in neutrophil count in transfusion-related acute lung injury: cases at one hospital. Transfusion. 2004 Dec; 44(12):1689-94. PMID: 15584981.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Toy P, Gajic O. Transfusion-related acute lung injury. Anesth Analg. 2004 Dec; 99(6):1623-4, table of contents. PMID: 15562043.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Nakagawa M, Dempsey DA, Haller C, Toy P. Safe lead levels: blood transfusion of extremely low birth weight infants. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2004 Sep; 43(7):681. PMID: 15378161.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Weiskopf RB, Aminoff MJ, Hopf HW, Feiner J, Viele MK, Watson JJ, Ho R, Songster C, Toy P. Acute isovolemic anemia does not impair peripheral or central nerve conduction. Anesthesiology. 2003 Sep; 99(3):546-51. PMID: 12960537.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Hopf H, Viele MK, Watson JJ, Lieberman J, Kelley S, Toy P. Heart rate increases linearly in response to acute isovolemic anemia. Transfusion. 2003 Feb; 43(2):235-40. PMID: 12559019.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Hopf HW, Viele MK, Watson JJ, Kramer JH, Ho R, Toy P. Oxygen reverses deficits of cognitive function and memory and increased heart rate induced by acute severe isovolemic anemia. Anesthesiology. 2002 Apr; 96(4):871-7. PMID: 11964594.
      View in: PubMed
    40. McVay PA, Toy PT. Very severe outcomes associated with autologous blood donation. Transfusion. 1996 Aug; 36(8):761. PMID: 8780675.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Toy PT, Kerr K. Preoperative autologous blood donation. AACN Clin Issues. 1996 May; 7(2):221-8. PMID: 8718384.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Toy PT. Audit and education in transfusion medicine. Vox Sang. 1996; 70(1):1-5. PMID: 8928483.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Ferguson KJ, Strauss RG, Toy PT. Physician recommendation as the key factor in patients' decisions to participate in preoperative autologous blood donation programs: Preoperative Autologous Blood Donation Study Group. Am J Surg. 1994 Jul; 168(1):2-5. PMID: 8024094.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Toy PT. Effectiveness of transfusion audits and practice guidelines. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1994 Apr; 118(4):435-7. PMID: 8166594.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Toy PT, Menozzi D, Strauss RG, Stehling LC, Kruskall M, Ahn DK. Efficacy of preoperative donation of blood for autologous use in radical prostatectomy. Transfusion. 1993 Sep; 33(9):721-4. PMID: 8212117.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Toy P, McVay PA, Strauss RG, Stehling LC, Ahn DK. Improvement in appropriate autologous donations with local education: 1987 to 1989. Transfusion. 1992 Jul-Aug; 32(6):562-4. PMID: 1502710.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Stevens CE, Toy P, Taylor PE, Lee T, Yip HY. Prospects for control of hepatitis B virus infection: implications of childhood vaccination and long-term protection. Pediatrics. 1992 Jul; 90(1 Pt 2):170-3. PMID: 1534885.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Toy P. Continuous quality improvement. Autologous blood donations. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1992 Jun; 116(6):611-2. PMID: 1616420.
      View in: PubMed
    49. McVay PA, Hoag MS, Lee SJ, Toy P. Factors associated with successful autologous blood donation for elective surgery. Am J Clin Pathol. 1992 Mar; 97(3):304-8. PMID: 1543153.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Toy P, Kaplan EB, McVay PA, Lee SJ, Strauss RG, Stehling LC. Blood loss and replacement in total hip arthroplasty: a multicenter study. The Preoperative Autologous Blood Donation Study Group. Transfusion. 1992 Jan; 32(1):63-7. PMID: 1731438.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Leslie SD, Toy P. Laboratory hemostatic abnormalities in massively transfused patients given red blood cells and crystalloid. Am J Clin Pathol. 1991 Dec; 96(6):770-3. PMID: 1746495.
      View in: PubMed
    52. McVay PA, Strauss RG, Stehling LC, Toy P. Probable reasons that autologous blood was not donated by patients having surgery for which crossmatched blood was ordered. Transfusion. 1991 Nov-Dec; 31(9):810-3. PMID: 1755085.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Skettino S, Ferguson K, Andrews A, Stehling LC, Strauss RG, Toy P. Donor room personnel attitudes toward autologous donors. Transfusion. 1991 Mar-Apr; 31(3):249-53. PMID: 2003325.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Miller AC, Scherba-Krugliak L, Toy P, Drasner K. Hypotension during transfusion of autologous blood. Anesthesiology. 1991 Mar; 74(3):624-8. PMID: 2001042.
      View in: PubMed
    55. McVay PA, Fung HC, Toy P. Return of autologous blood donors as homologous blood donors. Transfusion. 1991 Feb; 31(2):119-21. PMID: 1996480.
      View in: PubMed
    56. McVay PA, Toy P. Lack of increased bleeding after paracentesis and thoracentesis in patients with mild coagulation abnormalities. Transfusion. 1991 Feb; 31(2):164-71. PMID: 1996485.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Goodnough LT, Johnston MF, Toy P. The variability of transfusion practice in coronary artery bypass surgery. Transfusion Medicine Academic Award Group. JAMA. 1991 Jan 2; 265(1):86-90. PMID: 1984129.
      View in: PubMed
    58. McVay PA, Toy P. Lack of increased bleeding after liver biopsy in patients with mild hemostatic abnormalities. Am J Clin Pathol. 1990 Dec; 94(6):747-53. PMID: 2123077.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Strauss RG, Ferguson KJ, Stone GG, McVay PA, Black D, Stehling L, Toy PT, Daniels M, Randels J, Sears R. Surgeons' knowledge, attitude, and use of preoperative autologous blood donation. Transfusion. 1990 Jun; 30(5):418-22. PMID: 2360231.
      View in: PubMed
    60. McVay PA, Andrews A, Kaplan EB, Black DB, Stehling LC, Strauss RG, Toy P. Donation reactions among autologous donors. Transfusion. 1990 Mar-Apr; 30(3):249-52. PMID: 2315998.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Jacobson MA, Peiperl L, Volberding PA, Porteous D, Toy PT, Feigal D. Red cell transfusion therapy for anemia in patients with AIDS and ARC: incidence, associated factors, and outcome. Transfusion. 1990 Feb; 30(2):133-7. PMID: 2305441.
      View in: PubMed
    62. McVay PA, Andrews A, Hoag MS, Polan D, Skettino S, Stehling LC, Strauss RG, Toy P. Moderate and severe reactions during autologous blood donations are no more frequent than during homologous blood donations. Vox Sang. 1990; 59(2):70-2. PMID: 2238567.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Ellisor SS, Toy P, Reid ME, Avoy DR. Agglutination of red blood cells from patients with diabetes mellitus by a polyclonal human antibody specific for D-glucose. Vox Sang. 1990; 58(3):215-8. PMID: 2339533.
      View in: PubMed
    64. McVay PA, Hoag RW, Hoag MS, Toy P. Safety and use of autologous blood donation during the third trimester of pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Jun; 160(6):1479-86; discussion 1486-8. PMID: 2735369.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Adams M, Toy P, Reid ME. Exposure of cryptantigens on red blood cell membranes in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS-related complex. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1989; 2(3):224-8. PMID: 2656988.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Lane PK, Embury SH, Toy P. Oxygen-induced marrow red cell hypoplasia leading to transfusion in sickle painful crisis. Am J Hematol. 1988 Jan; 27(1):67-8. PMID: 3128106.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Toy PT, Reid ME, Papenfus L, Yeap HH, Black D. Prevalence of ABO maternal-infant incompatibility in Asians, Blacks, Hispanics and Caucasians. Vox Sang. 1988; 54(3):181-3. PMID: 3369141.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Stevens CE, Taylor PE, Tong MJ, Toy PT, Vyas GN, Nair PV, Weissman JY, Krugman S. Yeast-recombinant hepatitis B vaccine. Efficacy with hepatitis B immune globulin in prevention of perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission. JAMA. 1987 May 15; 257(19):2612-6. PMID: 2952812.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Toy PT, Strauss RG, Stehling LC, Sears R, Price TH, Rossi EC, Collins ML, Crowley JP, Eisenstaedt RS, Goodnough LT. Predeposited autologous blood for elective surgery. A national multicenter study. N Engl J Med. 1987 Feb 26; 316(9):517-20. PMID: 3807996.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Toy PT, Stehling LC, Strauss RG, Esposito B, Huling D, Poole L, Sears R. Underutilization of autologous blood donation among eligible elective surgical patients. Am J Surg. 1986 Nov; 152(5):483-6. PMID: 3777325.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Stevens CE, Taylor PE, Tong MJ, Toy P, Vyas GN. Yeast recombinant hepatitis B vaccine in perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission: a preliminary report. J Infect. 1986 Jul; 13 Suppl A:13. PMID: 2943810.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Toy PT, Reid ME, Burns M. Positive direct antiglobulin test associated with hyperglobulinemia in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Am J Hematol. 1985 Jun; 19(2):145-50. PMID: 4003386.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Reid ME, Bottenfield LK, Toy PT, Ellisor SS, Hart CA. Agglutination of an EDTA blood sample caused by an EDTA-dependent panagglutinin. Am J Clin Pathol. 1985 Apr; 83(4):534-5. PMID: 3920896.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Stevens CE, Toy PT, Tong MJ, Taylor PE, Vyas GN, Nair PV, Gudavalli M, Krugman S. Perinatal hepatitis B virus transmission in the United States. Prevention by passive-active immunization. JAMA. 1985 Mar 22-29; 253(12):1740-5. PMID: 3974052.
      View in: PubMed
    75. Toy PT, Chin CA, Reid ME, Burns MA. Factors associated with positive direct antiglobulin tests in pretransfusion patients: a case-control study. Vox Sang. 1985; 49(3):215-20. PMID: 4049807.
      View in: PubMed
    76. Purcelli J, Reid ME, Burns MA, Toy PT. Elimination of 37 degrees C reading: reduction of workload in a transfusion service. Transfusion. 1984 Nov-Dec; 24(6):542-3. PMID: 6506192.
      View in: PubMed
    77. Toy PT, Reid ME. Sample collection for determination of plasma fibronectin concentration. J Clin Pathol. 1984 Aug; 37(8):951-2. PMID: 6470172; PMCID: PMC498898.
    78. Reid ME, Toy PT. Use of preserved autologous red blood cells to absorb warm autoantibodies from the serum of patients receiving blood transfusion therapy. Vox Sang. 1984; 46(6):355-9. PMID: 6464409.
      View in: PubMed
    79. Samoszuk M, Reid ME, Toy PT. Intravenous dimethylsulfoxide therapy causes severe hemolysis mimicking a hemolytic transfusion reaction. Transfusion. 1983 Sep-Oct; 23(5):405. PMID: 6623613.
      View in: PubMed
    80. Reid ME, Toy PT. Simplified method for recovery of autologous red blood cells from transfused patients. Am J Clin Pathol. 1983 Mar; 79(3):364-6. PMID: 6829505.
      View in: PubMed
    81. Toy PT, Reid M. Severity of ABO-hemolytic disease of the newborn. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1982 May; 71(3):507-8. PMID: 6890295.
      View in: PubMed
    82. Ellisor SS, Reid ME, Avoy DR, Toy PT, Mecoli J. Transient anti-Gya in an untransfused man. Serologic characteristics and cell survival study. Transfusion. 1982 Mar-Apr; 22(2):166-8. PMID: 7071923.
      View in: PubMed
    83. Toy PT, Reid M, Lewis T, Ellisor S, Avoy DR. Amniotic fluid assessement of Jra-sensitized pregnant patients. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1981 Jun 1; 140(3):352. PMID: 7246647.
      View in: PubMed
    Pearl's Networks
    Concepts
    Derived automatically from this person's publications.
    _
    Co-Authors
    People in Profiles who have published with this person.
    _
    Related Authors
    People who share related concepts with this person.
    _
    Back to TOP