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    Stefan Walter, PhD

    TitleSPECIALIST NEX
    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    DepartmentEpidemiology & Biostatistics
    Address3333 Calif. St,Laurel Heights
    San Francisco CA 94118
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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Glymour MM, Walter S, Mejía-Guevara I. Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index-Reply. JAMA. 2016 Nov 1; 316(17):1826-1827. PMID: 27802541.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Nguyen TT, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Gilman SE, Walter S, Glymour MM. Comparing Alternative Effect Decomposition Methods: The Role of Literacy in Mediating Educational Effects on Mortality. Epidemiology. 2016 Sep; 27(5):670-6. PMID: 27280331.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Walter S, Mejía-Guevara I, Estrada K, Liu SY, Glymour MM. Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index Across Different Birth Cohorts. JAMA. 2016 Jul 5; 316(1):63-9. PMID: 27380344.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Hamad R, Walter S, Rehkopf DH. Telomere length and health outcomes: A two-sample genetic instrumental variables analysis. Exp Gerontol. 2016 Sep; 82:88-94. PMID: 27321645.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Walter S, Beltrán-Sánchez H, Regidor E, Gomez-Martin C, Del-Barrio JL, Gil-de-Miguel A, Subramanian SV, Gil-Prieto R. No evidence of morbidity compression in Spain: a time series study based on national hospitalization records. Int J Public Health. 2016 Sep; 61(7):729-38. PMID: 27233641.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Becker S, Walter S, Witzke O, Körber A, Bienholz A, Kottmann T, Kribben A, Kaiser G, Mitchell A. Edema, Hyperpigmentation, Induration: 3 Skin Signs Heralding Danger in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Mar; 95(12):e3121. PMID: 27015187.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Gil-Prieto R, Pascual-Garcia R, Walter S, Álvaro-Meca A, Gil-De-Miguel Á. Risk of hospitalization due to pneumococcal disease in adults in Spain. The CORIENNE study. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 Jul 2; 12(7):1900-5. PMID: 26901683.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Marden JR, Mayeda ER, Walter S, Vivot A, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Using an Alzheimer Disease Polygenic Risk Score to Predict Memory Decline in Black and White Americans Over 14 Years of Follow-up. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2016 Jan 11. PMID: 26756387.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Marden JR, Walter S, Kaufman JS, Glymour MM. African Ancestry, Social Factors, and Hypertension Among Non-Hispanic Blacks in the Health and Retirement Study. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2016; 62(1):19-35. PMID: 27050031.
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      10. Walter S, Marden JR, Kubzansky LD, Mayeda ER, Crane PK, Chang SC, Cornelis M, Rehkopf DH, Mukherjee S, Glymour MM. Diabetic Phenotypes and Late-Life Dementia Risk: A Mechanism-specific Mendelian Randomization Study. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2016 Jan-Mar; 30(1):15-20. PMID: 26650880.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Shen L, Walter S, Melles RB, Glymour MM, Jorgenson E. Diabetes Pathology and Risk of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: Evaluating Causal Mechanisms by Using Genetic Information. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Jan 15; 183(2):147-55. PMID: 26608880.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Nguyen TT, Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Gilman SE, Walter S, Liu SY, Manly JJ, Glymour MM. Instrumental variable approaches to identifying the causal effect of educational attainment on dementia risk. Ann Epidemiol. 2016 Jan; 26(1):71-76.e3. PMID: 26633592.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Pega F, Liu SY, Walter S, Lhachimi SK. Unconditional cash transfers for assistance in humanitarian disasters: effect on use of health services and health outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015; 9:CD011247. PMID: 26360970.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Østergaard SD, Mukherjee S, Sharp SJ, Proitsi P, Lotta LA, Day F, Perry JR, Boehme KL, Walter S, Kauwe JS, Gibbons LE, Larson EB, Powell JF, Langenberg C, Crane PK, Wareham NJ, Scott RA. Associations between Potentially Modifiable Risk Factors and Alzheimer Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Study. PLoS Med. 2015 Jun; 12(6):e1001841; discussion e1001841. PMID: 26079503; PMCID: PMC4469461.
      15. Mukherjee S, Walter S, Kauwe JS, Saykin AJ, Bennett DA, Larson EB, Crane PK, Glymour MM. Genetically predicted body mass index and Alzheimer's disease-related phenotypes in three large samples: Mendelian randomization analyses. Alzheimers Dement. 2015 Dec; 11(12):1439-51. PMID: 26079416.
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      16. Gilsanz P, Walter S, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Patton KK, Moon JR, Capistrant BD, Marden JR, Kubzansky LD, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Changes in Depressive Symptoms and Incidence of First Stroke Among Middle-Aged and Older US Adults. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015 May; 4(5). PMID: 25971438; PMCID: PMC4599421.
      17. Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Walter S, Vansteelandt S, Martinussen T, Glymour M. Instrumental variable estimation in a survival context. Epidemiology. 2015 May; 26(3):402-10. PMID: 25692223; PMCID: PMC4387894 [Available on 05/01/16].
      18. Walter S, Kubzansky LD, Koenen KC, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis MC, Chang SC, Rimm E, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Revisiting Mendelian randomization studies of the effect of body mass index on depression. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2015 Mar; 168B(2):108-15. PMID: 25656382; PMCID: PMC4387873 [Available on 03/01/16].
      19. Marden JR, Mayeda ER, Walter S, Vivot A, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Glymour MM . . Using an Alzheimer’s disease polygenic risk score to predict memory decline in black and white Americans over 14 years of follow-up. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders. 2015; (in press).
      20. Stefan Walter, Jessica R. Marden, Laura D. Kubzansky, Elizabeth Rose Mayeda, Paul K. Crane, Shun-Chiao Chang, Marilyn Cornelis, David H. Rehkopf, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, M. Maria Glymour. . Diabetic Phenotypes and Late Life Dementia Risk: A Mechanism-Specific Mendelian Randomization Study. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders - An International Journal. 2015; (in press).
      21. Iturrieta-Zuazo I, Walter S. Mendelian randomization: present and future of epidemiological studies in cardiology. Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2015 Feb; 68(2):87-91. PMID: 25449812.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Liu SY, Walter S, Marden J, Rehkopf DH, Kubzansky LD, Nguyen T, Glymour MM. Genetic vulnerability to diabetes and obesity: does education offset the risk? Soc Sci Med. 2015 Feb; 127:150-8. PMID: 25245452.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Marden JR, Walter S, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kawachi I, Glymour MM. Validation of a polygenic risk score for dementia in black and white individuals. Brain Behav. 2014 Sep; 4(5):687-97. PMID: 25328845; PMCID: PMC4107377.
      24. Walter S, Glymour M, Avendano M. The health effects of US unemployment insurance policy: does income from unemployment benefits prevent cardiovascular disease? PLoS One. 2014; 9(7):e101193. PMID: 25025281; PMCID: PMC4098914.
      25. Walter S, Glymour MM, Koenen K, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis M, Chang SC, Rewak M, Rimm E, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Do genetic risk scores for body mass index predict risk of phobic anxiety? Evidence for a shared genetic risk factor. Psychol Med. 2015 Jan; 45(1):181-91. PMID: 25065638; PMCID: PMC4387884 [Available on 01/01/16].
      26. Wang Q, Mejía-Guevara I, Rist PM, Walter S, Capistrant BD, Glymour MM. Changes in memory before and after stroke differ by age and sex, but not by race. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014; 37(4):235-43. PMID: 24686293; PMCID: PMC4347666.
      27. Chang SC, Glymour MM, Walter S, Liang L, Koenen KC, Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis MC, Kawachi I, Rimm E, Kubzansky LD. Genome-wide polygenic scoring for a 14-year long-term average depression phenotype. Brain Behav. 2014 Mar; 4(2):298-311. PMID: 24683521; PMCID: PMC3967544.
      28. Lubitz SA, Lunetta KL, Lin H, Arking DE, Trompet S, Li G, Krijthe BP, Chasman DI, Barnard J, Kleber ME, Dörr M, Ozaki K, Smith AV, Müller-Nurasyid M, Walter S, Agarwal SK, Bis JC, Brody JA, Chen LY, Everett BM, Ford I, Franco OH, Harris TB, Hofman A, Kääb S, Mahida S, Kathiresan S, Kubo M, Launer LJ, Macfarlane PW, Magnani JW, McKnight B, McManus DD, Peters A, Psaty BM, Rose LM, Rotter JI, Silbernagel G, Smith JD, Sotoodehnia N, Stott DJ, Taylor KD, Tomaschitz A, Tsunoda T, Uitterlinden AG, Van Wagoner DR, Völker U, Völzke H, Murabito JM, Sinner MF, Gudnason V, Felix SB, März W, Chung M, Albert CM, Stricker BH, Tanaka T, Heckbert SR, Jukema JW, Alonso A, Benjamin EJ, Ellinor PT. Novel genetic markers associate with atrial fibrillation risk in Europeans and Japanese. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Apr 1; 63(12):1200-10. PMID: 24486271; PMCID: PMC4009240.
      29. Gil-Prieto R, Walter S, Gonzalez-Escalada A, Garcia-Garcia L, Marín-García P, Gil-de-Miguel A. Different vaccination strategies in Spain and its impact on severe varicella and zoster. Vaccine. 2014 Jan 3; 32(2):277-83. PMID: 24275483.
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      30. Walter S, Glymour MM, Koenen K, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Cornelis M, Chang SC, Rimm E, Kawachi I, Kubzansky LD. Performance of polygenic scores for predicting phobic anxiety. PLoS One. 2013; 8(11):e80326. PMID: 24278274; PMCID: PMC3835914.
      31. Chang SC, Glymour MM, Rewak M, Cornelis MC, Walter S, Koenen KC, Kawachi I, Liang L, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Kubzansky LD. Are genetic variations in OXTR, AVPR1A, and CD38 genes important to social integration? Results from two large U.S. cohorts. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2014 Jan; 39:257-68. PMID: 24209975; PMCID: PMC3864016.
      32. Thorgeirsson TE, Gudbjartsson DF, Sulem P, Besenbacher S, Styrkarsdottir U, Thorleifsson G, Walters GB, Furberg H, Sullivan PF, Marchini J, McCarthy MI, Steinthorsdottir V, Thorsteinsdottir U, Stefansson K. A common biological basis of obesity and nicotine addiction. Transl Psychiatry. 2013; 3:e308. PMID: 24084939; PMCID: PMC3818010.
      33. Ho JE, Chen WY, Chen MH, Larson MG, McCabe EL, Cheng S, Ghorbani A, Coglianese E, Emilsson V, Johnson AD, Walter S, Franceschini N, O'Donnell CJ, Dehghan A, Lu C, Levy D, Newton-Cheh C, Lin H, Felix JF, Schreiter ER, Vasan RS, Januzzi JL, Lee RT, Wang TJ. Common genetic variation at the IL1RL1 locus regulates IL-33/ST2 signaling. J Clin Invest. 2013 Oct; 123(10):4208-18. PMID: 23999434; PMCID: PMC3784527.
      34. Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Walter S, Glymour MM. Commentary: building an evidence base for mendelian randomization studies: assessing the validity and strength of proposed genetic instrumental variables. Int J Epidemiol. 2013 Feb; 42(1):328-31. PMID: 23508417; PMCID: PMC3600630.
      35. de Hollander EL, Bemelmans WJ, Boshuizen HC, Friedrich N, Wallaschofski H, Guallar-Castillón P, Walter S, Zillikens MC, Rosengren A, Lissner L, Bassett JK, Giles GG, Orsini N, Heim N, Visser M, de Groot LC. The association between waist circumference and risk of mortality considering body mass index in 65- to 74-year-olds: a meta-analysis of 29 cohorts involving more than 58 000 elderly persons. Int J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun; 41(3):805-17. PMID: 22467292; PMCID: PMC4492417.
      36. Walter S, Mackenbach J, Vokó Z, Lhachimi S, Ikram MA, Uitterlinden AG, Newman AB, Murabito JM, Garcia ME, Gudnason V, Tanaka T, Tranah GJ, Wallaschofski H, Kocher T, Launer LJ, Franceschini N, Schipper M, Hofman A, Tiemeier H. Genetic, physiological, and lifestyle predictors of mortality in the general population. Am J Public Health. 2012 Apr; 102(4):e3-10. PMID: 22397355; PMCID: PMC3489349.
      37. Gil-Prieto R, Walter S, Alvar J, de Miguel AG. Epidemiology of leishmaniasis in Spain based on hospitalization records (1997-2008). Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Nov; 85(5):820-5. PMID: 22049034; PMCID: PMC3205626.
      38. Walter S, Atzmon G, Demerath EW, Garcia ME, Kaplan RC, Kumari M, Lunetta KL, Milaneschi Y, Tanaka T, Tranah GJ, Völker U, Yu L, Arnold A, Benjamin EJ, Biffar R, Buchman AS, Boerwinkle E, Couper D, De Jager PL, Evans DA, Harris TB, Hoffmann W, Hofman A, Karasik D, Kiel DP, Kocher T, Kuningas M, Launer LJ, Lohman KK, Lutsey PL, Mackenbach J, Marciante K, Psaty BM, Reiman EM, Rotter JI, Seshadri S, Shardell MD, Smith AV, van Duijn C, Walston J, Zillikens MC, Bandinelli S, Baumeister SE, Bennett DA, Ferrucci L, Gudnason V, Kivimaki M, Liu Y, Murabito JM, Newman AB, Tiemeier H, Franceschini N. A genome-wide association study of aging. Neurobiol Aging. 2011 Nov; 32(11):2109.e15-28. PMID: 21782286; PMCID: PMC3193030.
      39. Krijthe BP, Walter S, Newson RS, Hofman A, Hunink MG, Tiemeier H. Is positive affect associated with survival? A population-based study of elderly persons. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Jun 1; 173(11):1298-307. PMID: 21454828.
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      40. Thorgeirsson TE, Gudbjartsson DF, Surakka I, Vink JM, Amin N, Geller F, Sulem P, Rafnar T, Esko T, Walter S, Gieger C, Rawal R, Mangino M, Prokopenko I, Mägi R, Keskitalo K, Gudjonsdottir IH, Gretarsdottir S, Stefansson H, Thompson JR, Aulchenko YS, Nelis M, Aben KK, den Heijer M, Dirksen A, Ashraf H, Soranzo N, Valdes AM, Steves C, Uitterlinden AG, Hofman A, Tönjes A, Kovacs P, Hottenga JJ, Willemsen G, Vogelzangs N, Döring A, Dahmen N, Nitz B, Pergadia ML, Saez B, De Diego V, Lezcano V, Garcia-Prats MD, Ripatti S, Perola M, Kettunen J, Hartikainen AL, Pouta A, Laitinen J, Isohanni M, Huei-Yi S, Allen M, Krestyaninova M, Hall AS, Jones GT, van Rij AM, Mueller T, Dieplinger B, Haltmayer M, Jonsson S, Matthiasson SE, Oskarsson H, Tyrfingsson T, Kiemeney LA, Mayordomo JI, Lindholt JS, Pedersen JH, Franklin WA, Wolf H, Montgomery GW, Heath AC, Martin NG, Madden PA, Giegling I, Rujescu D, Järvelin MR, Salomaa V, Stumvoll M, Spector TD, Wichmann HE, Metspalu A, Samani NJ, Penninx BW, Oostra BA, Boomsma DI, Tiemeier H, van Duijn CM, Kaprio J, Gulcher JR, McCarthy MI, Peltonen L, Thorsteinsdottir U, Stefansson K. Sequence variants at CHRNB3-CHRNA6 and CYP2A6 affect smoking behavior. Nat Genet. 2010 May; 42(5):448-53. PMID: 20418888; PMCID: PMC3080600.
      41. Newman AB, Walter S, Lunetta KL, Garcia ME, Slagboom PE, Christensen K, Arnold AM, Aspelund T, Aulchenko YS, Benjamin EJ, Christiansen L, D'Agostino RB, Fitzpatrick AL, Franceschini N, Glazer NL, Gudnason V, Hofman A, Kaplan R, Karasik D, Kelly-Hayes M, Kiel DP, Launer LJ, Marciante KD, Massaro JM, Miljkovic I, Nalls MA, Hernandez D, Psaty BM, Rivadeneira F, Rotter J, Seshadri S, Smith AV, Taylor KD, Tiemeier H, Uh HW, Uitterlinden AG, Vaupel JW, Walston J, Westendorp RG, Harris TB, Lumley T, van Duijn CM, Murabito JM. A meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies of survival to age 90 years or older: the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Consortium. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2010 May; 65(5):478-87. PMID: 20304771; PMCID: PMC2854887.
      42. Walter S, Tiemeier H. Variable selection: current practice in epidemiological studies. Eur J Epidemiol. 2009; 24(12):733-6. PMID: 19967429.
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      43. Walter S, Kunst A, Mackenbach J, Hofman A, Tiemeier H. Mortality and disability: the effect of overweight and obesity. Int J Obes (Lond). 2009 Dec; 33(12):1410-8. PMID: 19786964.
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