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Susan Kools, RN, PhD, FAAN

TitleProfessor Emeritus
SchoolUCSF School of Nursing
DepartmentFamily Health Care Nursing
Address2 Koret Way
San Francisco CA 94143
EmailSusan.Kools@ucsf.edu
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPh.D.1993 Nursing
    University of California, San FranciscoM.S.1984 Nursing
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    University of California, San Francisco2012Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Award
    American Academy of Nursing2007Fellow

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    As a child and adolescent psychiatric nurse scientist, I have studied vulnerable adolescents for almost 30 years. I am an international expert in adolescence and qualitative research methods. The focus of my program of research is the mental health and development of adolescents. My aim is to promote a greater understanding of developmentally appropriate interventions and contexts for care for young people. I have primarily studied adolescents in foster care and its influence on health and well being. I have explored adolescent illness experiences, including pediatric hyperlipidemia, congenital heart disease, hospitalization in Hong Kong and China, and HIV prevention in Malawi, Africa.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    UVa MHIRT: Training Future Leaders to Address Global Rural Health Disparities
    NIH/NIMHD T37MD008659Sep 25, 2014 - May 31, 2019
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Improving Health and Development of Foster Adolescents
    NIH/NINR R01NR008243Sep 15, 2003 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Global Health

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Smith ST, Blanchard J, Kools S, Butler D. Reconnecting to Spirituality: Christian-Identified Adolescents and Emerging Adult Young Men's Journey from Diagnosis of HIV to Coping. J Relig Health. 2017 Feb; 56(1):188-204. PMID: 27216031.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Chen AK, Rivera J, Rotter N, Green E, Kools S. Interprofessional education in the clinical setting: A qualitative look at the preceptor's perspective in training advanced practice nursing students. Nurse Educ Pract. 2016 Nov; 21:29-36. PMID: 27710811.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Smith ST, Dawson-Rose C, Blanchard J, Kools S, Butler D. "I Am Normal": Claiming Normalcy in Christian-Identified HIV-Infected Adolescent and Emerging Adult Males. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2016 Nov - Dec; 27(6):835-848. PMID: 27301910.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Staveski SL, Parveen VP, Madathil SB, Kools S, Franck LS. Parent education discharge instruction program for care of children at home after cardiac surgery in Southern India. Cardiol Young. 2016 Aug; 26(6):1213-20. PMID: 26894411.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Keim-Malpass J, Stegenga K, Loudin B, Kennedy C, Kools S. "It's Back! My Remission Is Over": Online Communication of Disease Progression Among Adolescents With Cancer. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2016 May-Jun; 33(3):209-17. PMID: 26483425.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Staveski SL, Parveen VP, Madathil SB, Kools S, Franck LS. Nurse and parent perceptions associated with the Parent Education Discharge Instruction Programme in southern India. Cardiol Young. 2016 Aug; 26(6):1168-75. PMID: 26455596.
      View in: PubMed
    7. McLemore MR, Kools S, Levi AJ. Calculus formation: nurses' decision-making in abortion-related care. Res Nurs Health. 2015 Jun; 38(3):222-31. PMID: 25820100.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Staveski SL, Zhelva B, Paul R, Conway R, Carlson A, Soma G, Kools S, Franck LS. Pediatric cardiac surgery Parent Education Discharge Instruction (PEDI) program: a pilot study. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. 2015 Jan; 6(1):18-25. PMID: 25548339.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Mullen K, Gillen M, Kools S, Blanc P. Hospital nurses working wounded: motivations and obstacles to return to work as experienced by nurses with injuries. Work. 2015 Jan 01; 50(2):295-304. PMID: 24284694.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Schneiderman JU, Kools S, Negriff S, Smith S, Trickett PK. Differences in caregiver-reported health problems and health care use in maltreated adolescents and a comparison group from the same urban environment. Res Nurs Health. 2015 Feb; 38(1):60-70. PMID: 25557881; PMCID: PMC4297563.
    11. Kools S, Chimwaza A, Macha S. Cultural humility and working with marginalized populations in developing countries. Glob Health Promot. 2015 Mar; 22(1):52-9. PMID: 24842988.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Harpin S, Kenyon DB, Kools S, Bearinger LH, Ireland M. Correlates of emotional distress in out-of-home youth. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2013 May; 26(2):110-8. PMID: 23607822.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Schapiro NA, Kools SM, Weiss SJ, Brindis CD. Separation and reunification: the experiences of adolescents living in transnational families. Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. 2013 Mar; 43(3):48-68. PMID: 23419833.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Shade K, Kools S, Pinderhughes H, Weiss SJ. Adolescent fathers in the justice system: hoping for a boy and making him a man. Qual Health Res. 2013 Apr; 23(4):435-49. PMID: 23264534.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Anderson WG, Kools S, Lyndon A. Dancing around death: hospitalist-patient communication about serious illness. Qual Health Res. 2013 Jan; 23(1):3-13. PMID: 23034778; PMCID: PMC3502664.
    16. Kools S, Paul SM, Jones R, Monasterio E, Norbeck J. Health profiles of adolescents in foster care. J Pediatr Nurs. 2013 May-Jun; 28(3):213-22. PMID: 23036596; PMCID: PMC3540143.
    17. Trompeta JA, Cooper BA, Ascher NL, Kools SM, Kennedy CM, Chen JL. Asian American adolescents' willingness to donate organs and engage in family discussion about organ donation and transplantation. Prog Transplant. 2012 Mar; 22(1):33-40, 70. PMID: 22489441.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Shade K, Kools S, Pinderhughes H, Weiss SJ. Choosing fatherhood: how teens in the justice system embrace or reject a father identity. J Community Health Nurs. 2012; 29(2):91-105. PMID: 22536913.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Trompeta, J. A., Cooper, B. A., Ascher, N. L., & Kools, S. M., Chen, J. L., Kennedy, C. . Asian-American adolescents' willingness to donate organs and engage in family discussion about organ donation and transplantation. Progress in Transplantation. 2012; 22(1):1-10.
    20. Beaulieu R, Kools S, Kennedy HP, Humphreys J. Misconceptions about missed conceptions: the meanings of emergency contraceptive pills use among young adult couples. J Fam Nurs. 2011 Nov; 17(4):463-84. PMID: 22084483.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Shade K, Kools S, Weiss SJ, Pinderhughes H. A conceptual model of incarcerated adolescent fatherhood: adolescent identity development and the concept of intersectionality. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2011 May; 24(2):98-104. PMID: 21501286.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Beaulieu R, Kools SM, Kennedy HP, Humphreys J. Young adult couples' decision making regarding emergency contraceptive pills. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2011 Mar; 43(1):41-8. PMID: 21342423.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Clark, L., Calvillo, E., dela Cruz, F. A., Fongwa, M., Kools, S., Lowe, J., & Mastel-Smith, B . Cultural competencies for graduate nursing education. Journal of Professional Nursing. 2011; 27(3):133-139.
    24. Rankin, S., Kools, S., Nyagondwe Fiedler, R., Schell, E., Phiri, J., & Mguntha, A. . 'The wind of openness': Religious organizations, Malawi youth and HIV. International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health. 2011; 4(3):141-153.
    25. Trompeta JA, Chen JL, Cooper BA, Ascher NL, Kools SM. Development of the Organ Donation and Transplantation Knowledge Survey for use in Asian American adolescents. Transplant Proc. 2010 Jun; 42(5):1427-31. PMID: 20620448.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Gramkowski B, Kools S, Paul S, Boyer CB, Monasterio E, Robbins N. Health risk behavior of youth in foster care. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2009 May; 22(2):77-85. PMID: 19490278; PMCID: PMC3436904.
    27. Kools S, Paul SM, Norbeck JS, Robbins NR. Dimensions of health in young people in foster care. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2009 Apr-Jun; 21(2):221-33. PMID: 19702202; PMCID: PMC3436751.
    28. Rankin SH, Lindgren T, Kools SM, Schell E. The condom divide: disenfranchisement of Malawi women by church and state. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008 Sep-Oct; 37(5):596-604; quiz 604-6. PMID: 18811780; PMCID: PMC2562253.
    29. Kools S, Kennedy C, Engler M, Engler M. Pediatric hyperlipidemia: child and adolescent disease understandings and perceptions about dietary adherence. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2008 Jul; 13(3):168-79. PMID: 18638047.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Kools, S. . From heritage to postmodern grounded theorizing: 40 years of grounded theory. Studies in Symbolic Interaction. 2008; 32:71-84.
    31. Crandall M, Kools S, Miaskowski C, Savedra M. Adolescents' pain experiences following acute blunt traumatic injury: struggle for internal control. J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2007 Oct; 12(4):224-37. PMID: 17956371.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Gruskin E, Byrne K, Kools S, Altschuler A. Consequences of frequenting the lesbian bar. Women Health. 2006; 44(2):103-20. PMID: 17255061.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Chen JL, Kennedy C, Yeh CH, Kools S. Risk factors for childhood obesity in elementary school-age Taiwanese children. Prog Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005; 20(3):96-103. PMID: 16030409.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Linnard-Palmer L, Kools S. Parents' refusal of medical treatment for cultural or religious beliefs: an ethnographic study of health care professionals' experiences. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2005 Jan-Feb; 22(1):48-57. PMID: 15574726.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Tong EM, Kools S. Health care transitions for adolescents with congenital heart disease: patient and family perspectives. Nurs Clin North Am. 2004 Dec; 39(4):727-40. PMID: 15561156.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Linnard-Palmer L, Kools S. Parents' refusal of medical treatment based on religious and/or cultural beliefs: the law, ethical principles, and clinical implications. J Pediatr Nurs. 2004 Oct; 19(5):351-6. PMID: 15614259.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Franck LS, Kools S, Kennedy C, Kong SK, Chen JL, Wong TK. The symptom experience of hospitalised Chinese children and adolescents and relationship to pre-hospital factors and behaviour problems. Int J Nurs Stud. 2004 Aug; 41(6):661-9. PMID: 15240090.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Kools S, Kennedy C, Kong SK, Chen JL, Franck L, Wong TK. Psychosocial functioning of hospitalized Chinese adolescents and their families. J Pediatr Nurs. 2004 Apr; 19(2):95-103. PMID: 15077207.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Kennedy C, Kools S, Kong SK, Chen JL, Franck L, Wong TK. Behavioural, emotional and family functioning of hospitalized children in China and Hong Kong. Int Nurs Rev. 2004 Mar; 51(1):34-46. PMID: 14764013.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Gillen M, Kools S, McCall C, Sum J, Moulden K. Construction managers' perceptions of construction safety practices in small and large firms: a qualitative investigation. Work. 2004; 23(3):233-43. PMID: 15579932.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Gale G, Franck LS, Kools S, Lynch M. Parents' perceptions of their infant's pain experience in the NICU. Int J Nurs Stud. 2004 Jan; 41(1):51-8. PMID: 14670394.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Gillen M, Kools S, Sum J, McCall C, Moulden K. Construction workers' perceptions of management safety practices: a qualitative investigation. Work. 2004; 23(3):245-56. PMID: 15579933.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Chen JL, Kennedy C, Kools S, Slaughter RE, Franck L, Kong SK, Wong TK. Culturally appropriate family assessment: analysis of the Family Assessment Device in a pediatric Chinese population. J Nurs Meas. 2003 Spring-Summer; 11(1):41-60. PMID: 15132011.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Kools S, Kennedy C. Foster child health and development: implications for primary care. Pediatr Nurs. 2003 Jan-Feb; 29(1):39-41, 44-6. PMID: 12630505.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Hyun MS, Kools S, Kim SA. A model of recovery from substance abuse and dependence for Korean adolescents. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2003 Jan-Mar; 16(1):25-34. PMID: 12790305.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Kools, S. Issue brief: Mental health and developmental needs of transitioning adolescents in foster care. California Partnership for Children. 2003.
    47. Kools S, Spiers J. Caregiver understanding of adolescent development in residential treatment. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2002 Oct-Dec; 15(4):151-62. PMID: 12562133.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Crandall M, Miaskowski C, Kools S, Savedra M. The pain experience of adolescents after acute blunt traumatic injury. Pain Manag Nurs. 2002 Sep; 3(3):104-14. PMID: 12198641.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Kools S, Kennedy C. Child sexual abuse treatment: misinterpretation and mismanagement of child sexual behavior. Child Care Health Dev. 2002 May; 28(3):211-8. PMID: 12064286.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Kools S, Tong EM, Hughes R, Jayne R, Scheibly K, Laughlin J, Gilliss CL. Hospital experiences of young adults with congenital heart disease: divergence in expectations and dissonance in care. Am J Crit Care. 2002 Mar; 11(2):115-25; quiz 126-7. PMID: 11888123.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Kennedy CM, Strzempko F, Danford C, Kools S. Children's perceptions of TV and health behavior effects. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2002; 34(3):289-94. PMID: 12237993.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Kennedy C, Kools S, Krueger R. Methodological considerations in children's focus groups. Nurs Res. 2001 May-Jun; 50(3):184-7. PMID: 11393641.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Kools S. Self-protection in adolescents in foster care. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 1999 Oct-Dec; 12(4):139-52. PMID: 10876516.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Kools, S. Developmental issues in adolescent health. Asian Journal of Nursing Studies. 1999; 4(3):11-23.
    55. Kools, S., Gilliss, C. L., & Tong, E. M. . Family transitions in congenital heart disease management: The impact of hospitalization in early adulthood. Journal of Family Nursing. 1999; 5(4):427-448.
    56. Kools S. Prevention of mental health problems in adolescence. Annu Rev Nurs Res. 1998; 16:83-116. PMID: 9695888.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Kools, S. Adolescent identity development in foster care. Family Relations. 1997; 46(3):1-9.
    58. Kools, S., McCarthy, M., Durham, R., & Robrecht, L. . Dimensional analysis: Broadening the conception of grounded theory. Qualitative Health Research. 1996; 6(3):312-330.
    59. Pothier PC, Kools SM. Position paper on foster care reform. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 1994 Apr-Jun; 7(2):41-3. PMID: 8000782.
      View in: PubMed
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