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V Courtney Broaddus, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentMedicine
Address1001 Potrero Ave
San Francisco CA 94110
Phone415-206-3513
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPost-Doc Fellow/Scholar1986 Medicine
    University of PennsylvaniaResidency 1982School of Medicine
    University of PennsylvaniaMedical Degree1979Medicine
    Duke UniversityBS1975Zoology

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Amplification of TRIAL-Indcued Apoptosis in Mesothelioma
    NIH R01CA095671Mar 12, 2003 - Feb 28, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PROTECTIVE ROLE OF APOPTOSIS IN ASBESTOS PLEURAL INJURY
    NIH R01ES008985Aug 29, 1997 - Jul 31, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    MOLECULAR INTERACTIONS ON ASBESTOS AND MESOTHELIAL CELLS
    NIH R01ES006331Jul 15, 1994 - Jun 30, 1999
    Role: Principal Investigator
    COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY OF THE NORMAL AND INFLAMED PLEURA
    NIH K08HL001893Aug 1, 1987 - Jul 31, 1992
    Role: Principal Investigator
    PLEURAL LIQUID TRANSPORT
    NIH F32HL007271Mar 15, 1986
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Global Health

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Follo C, Barbone D, Richards WG, Bueno R, Broaddus VC. Autophagy initiation correlates with the autophagic flux in 3D models of mesothelioma and with patient outcome. Autophagy. 2016 Jul 2; 12(7):1180-94. PMID: 27097020; PMCID: PMC4990992.
    2. Barbone D, Van Dam L, Follo C, Jithesh PV, Zhang SD, Richards WG, Bueno R, Fennell DA, Broaddus VC. Analysis of Gene Expression in 3D Spheroids Highlights a Survival Role for ASS1 in Mesothelioma. PLoS One. 2016; 11(3):e0150044. PMID: 26982031; PMCID: PMC4794185.
    3. Weinstock T, Kidambi P, Channick CL, Michaud GC, Broaddus C, Makani SS, Wiener RS, Wilson KC, Thomson CC. Implementation of Lung Cancer Screening Programs with Low-Dose Computed Tomography in Clinical Practice. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Mar; 13(3):425-7. PMID: 26963353.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Barbone D, Follo C, Echeverry N, Gerbaudo VH, Klabatsa A, Bueno R, Felley-Bosco E, Broaddus VC. Autophagy Correlates with the Therapeutic Responsiveness of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma in 3D Models. PLoS One. 2015; 10(8):e0134825. PMID: 26284517; PMCID: PMC4540424.
    5. Broaddus VC, Grippi MA. Medical Subspecialty Textbooks in the 21st Century. Essential or Headed for Extinction? Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2015 Aug; 12(8):1113-5. PMID: 26177458.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Acencio MM, Soares B, Marchi E, Silva CS, Teixeira LR, Broaddus VC. Inflammatory Cytokines Contribute to Asbestos-Induced Injury of Mesothelial Cells. Lung. 2015 Oct; 193(5):831-7. PMID: 26059286.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Echeverry N, Ziltener G, Barbone D, Weder W, Stahel RA, Broaddus VC, Felley-Bosco E. Inhibition of autophagy sensitizes malignant pleural mesothelioma cells to dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitors. Cell Death Dis. 2015; 6:e1757. PMID: 25950487; PMCID: PMC4669703.
    8. Busacca S, Chacko AD, Klabatsa A, Arthur K, Sheaff M, Barbone D, Mutti L, Gunasekharan VK, Gorski JJ, El-Tanani M, Broaddus VC, Gaudino G, Fennell DA. BAK and NOXA are critical determinants of mitochondrial apoptosis induced by bortezomib in mesothelioma. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e65489. PMID: 23762382; PMCID: PMC3676324.
    9. Barbone D, Cheung P, Battula S, Busacca S, Gray SG, Longley DB, Bueno R, Sugarbaker DJ, Fennell DA, Broaddus VC. Vorinostat eliminates multicellular resistance of mesothelioma 3D spheroids via restoration of Noxa expression. PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e52753. PMID: 23300762; PMCID: PMC3530471.
    10. Lee HK, Park GB, Kim YS, Song H, Broaddus VC, Hur DY. Ligation of CM1 enhances apoptosis of lung cancer cells through different mechanisms in conformity with EGFR mutation. Int J Oncol. 2013 Feb; 42(2):469-77. PMID: 23232551; PMCID: PMC3583643.
    11. Hurwitz JL, Stasik I, Kerr EM, Holohan C, Redmond KM, McLaughlin KM, Busacca S, Barbone D, Broaddus VC, Gray SG, O'Byrne KJ, Johnston PG, Fennell DA, Longley DB. Vorinostat/SAHA-induced apoptosis in malignant mesothelioma is FLIP/caspase 8-dependent and HR23B-independent. Eur J Cancer. 2012 May; 48(7):1096-107. PMID: 22154545.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Phung YT, Barbone D, Broaddus VC, Ho M. Rapid generation of in vitro multicellular spheroids for the study of monoclonal antibody therapy. J Cancer. 2011; 2:507-14. PMID: 22043235; PMCID: PMC3204399.
    13. Barbone D, Ryan JA, Kolhatkar N, Chacko AD, Jablons DM, Sugarbaker DJ, Bueno R, Letai AG, Coussens LM, Fennell DA, Broaddus VC. The Bcl-2 repertoire of mesothelioma spheroids underlies acquired apoptotic multicellular resistance. Cell Death Dis. 2011; 2:e174. PMID: 21697949; PMCID: PMC3169000.
    14. Iyer AK, Lan X, Zhu X, Su Y, Feng J, Zhang X, Gao D, Seo Y, Vanbrocklin HF, Broaddus VC, Liu B, He J. Novel human single chain antibody fragments that are rapidly internalizing effectively target epithelioid and sarcomatoid mesotheliomas. Cancer Res. 2011 Apr 1; 71(7):2428-32. PMID: 21447742; PMCID: PMC3071798.
    15. Xiang X, Phung Y, Feng M, Nagashima K, Zhang J, Broaddus VC, Hassan R, Fitzgerald D, Ho M. The development and characterization of a human mesothelioma in vitro 3D model to investigate immunotoxin therapy. PLoS One. 2011; 6(1):e14640. PMID: 21305058; PMCID: PMC3031536.
    16. Broaddus VC, Everitt JI, Black B, Kane AB. Non-neoplastic and neoplastic pleural endpoints following fiber exposure. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2011; 14(1-4):153-78. PMID: 21534088; PMCID: PMC3118521.
    17. Bidlingmaier S, He J, Wang Y, An F, Feng J, Barbone D, Gao D, Franc B, Broaddus VC, Liu B. Identification of MCAM/CD146 as the target antigen of a human monoclonal antibody that recognizes both epithelioid and sarcomatoid types of mesothelioma. Cancer Res. 2009 Feb 15; 69(4):1570-7. PMID: 19221091; PMCID: PMC2752656.
    18. Yang TM, Barbone D, Fennell DA, Broaddus VC. Bcl-2 family proteins contribute to apoptotic resistance in lung cancer multicellular spheroids. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2009 Jul; 41(1):14-23. PMID: 19097992; PMCID: PMC2701959.
    19. Wilson SM, Barbone D, Yang TM, Jablons DM, Bueno R, Sugarbaker DJ, Nishimura SL, Gordon GJ, Broaddus VC. mTOR mediates survival signals in malignant mesothelioma grown as tumor fragment spheroids. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008 Nov; 39(5):576-83. PMID: 18511708; PMCID: PMC2574528.
    20. Barbone D, Yang TM, Morgan JR, Gaudino G, Broaddus VC. Mammalian target of rapamycin contributes to the acquired apoptotic resistance of human mesothelioma multicellular spheroids. J Biol Chem. 2008 May 9; 283(19):13021-30. PMID: 18339627; PMCID: PMC2442321.
    21. An F, Drummond DC, Wilson S, Kirpotin DB, Nishimura SL, Broaddus VC, Liu B. Targeted drug delivery to mesothelioma cells using functionally selected internalizing human single-chain antibodies. Mol Cancer Ther. 2008 Mar; 7(3):569-78. PMID: 18319332; PMCID: PMC2943512.
    22. Hassan R, Broaddus VC, Wilson S, Liewehr DJ, Zhang J. Anti-mesothelin immunotoxin SS1P in combination with gemcitabine results in increased activity against mesothelin-expressing tumor xenografts. Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Dec 1; 13(23):7166-71. PMID: 18056197.
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    23. Araya J, Cambier S, Markovics JA, Wolters P, Jablons D, Hill A, Finkbeiner W, Jones K, Broaddus VC, Sheppard D, Barzcak A, Xiao Y, Erle DJ, Nishimura SL. Squamous metaplasia amplifies pathologic epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in COPD patients. J Clin Invest. 2007 Nov; 117(11):3551-62. PMID: 17965775; PMCID: PMC2040320.
    24. Acencio MM, Vargas FS, Marchi E, Carnevale GG, Teixeira LR, Antonangelo L, Broaddus VC. Pleural mesothelial cells mediate inflammatory and profibrotic responses in talc-induced pleurodesis. Lung. 2007 Dec; 185(6):343-8. PMID: 17932716.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Abayasiriwardana KS, Barbone D, Kim KU, Vivo C, Lee KK, Dansen TB, Hunt AE, Evan GI, Broaddus VC. Malignant mesothelioma cells are rapidly sensitized to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by low-dose anisomycin via Bim. Mol Cancer Ther. 2007 Oct; 6(10):2766-76. PMID: 17938269.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Carbone M, Albelda SM, Broaddus VC, Flores RM, Hillerdal G, Jaurand MC, Kjaerheim K, Pass HI, Robinson B, Tsao A. Eighth international mesothelioma interest group. Oncogene. 2007 Oct 25; 26(49):6959-67. PMID: 17496929.
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    27. Pespeni MH, Hodnett M, Abayasiriwardana KS, Roux J, Howard M, Broaddus VC, Pittet JF. Sensitization of mesothelioma cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-induced apoptosis by heat stress via the inhibition of the 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1/Akt pathway. Cancer Res. 2007 Mar 15; 67(6):2865-71. PMID: 17363610.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Kim KU, Wilson SM, Abayasiriwardana KS, Collins R, Fjellbirkeland L, Xu Z, Jablons DM, Nishimura SL, Broaddus VC. A novel in vitro model of human mesothelioma for studying tumor biology and apoptotic resistance. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2005 Dec; 33(6):541-8. PMID: 16123394; PMCID: PMC2715331.
    29. Broaddus VC, Dansen TB, Abayasiriwardana KS, Wilson SM, Finch AJ, Swigart LB, Hunt AE, Evan GI. Bid mediates apoptotic synergy between tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and DNA damage. J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 1; 280(13):12486-93. PMID: 15615731.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Mutti L, Broaddus VC. Malignant mesothelioma as both a challenge and an opportunity. Oncogene. 2004 Dec 9; 23(57):9155-61. PMID: 15516978.
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    31. Leard LE, Broaddus VC. Mesothelial cell proliferation and apoptosis. Respirology. 2004 Aug; 9(3):292-9. PMID: 15362999.
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    32. Geiser T, Ishigaki M, van Leer C, Matthay MA, Broaddus VC. H(2)O(2) inhibits alveolar epithelial wound repair in vitro by induction of apoptosis. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2004 Aug; 287(2):L448-53. PMID: 15121637.
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    33. Fjellbirkeland L, Cambier S, Broaddus VC, Hill A, Brunetta P, Dolganov G, Jablons D, Nishimura SL. Integrin alphavbeta8-mediated activation of transforming growth factor-beta inhibits human airway epithelial proliferation in intact bronchial tissue. Am J Pathol. 2003 Aug; 163(2):533-42. PMID: 12875973; PMCID: PMC1868219.
    34. Crapo JD, Broaddus VC, Brody AR, Malindzak G, Samet J, Wright JR. Workshop on lung disease and the environment: where do we go from here? Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2003 Jul 15; 168(2):250-4. PMID: 12851246.
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    35. Vivo C, Liu W, Broaddus VC. c-Jun N-terminal kinase contributes to apoptotic synergy induced by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand plus DNA damage in chemoresistant, p53 inactive mesothelioma cells. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 11; 278(28):25461-7. PMID: 12707267.
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    36. Mu D, Cambier S, Fjellbirkeland L, Baron JL, Munger JS, Kawakatsu H, Sheppard D, Broaddus VC, Nishimura SL. The integrin alpha(v)beta8 mediates epithelial homeostasis through MT1-MMP-dependent activation of TGF-beta1. J Cell Biol. 2002 Apr 29; 157(3):493-507. PMID: 11970960; PMCID: PMC2173277.
    37. Liu W, Bodle E, Chen JY, Gao M, Rosen GD, Broaddus VC. Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and chemotherapy cooperate to induce apoptosis in mesothelioma cell lines. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2001 Jul; 25(1):111-8. PMID: 11472983.
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    38. Broaddus VC. Diuresis and transudative effusions--changing the rules of the game. Am J Med. 2001 Jun 15; 110(9):732-5. PMID: 11403759.
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    39. Broaddus VC. Apoptosis and asbestos-induced disease: Is there a connection? J Lab Clin Med. 2001 May; 137(5):314-5. PMID: 11329527.
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    40. Cambier S, Mu DZ, O'Connell D, Boylen K, Travis W, Liu WH, Broaddus VC, Nishimura SL. A role for the integrin alphavbeta8 in the negative regulation of epithelial cell growth. Cancer Res. 2000 Dec 15; 60(24):7084-93. PMID: 11156415.
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    41. Wu J, Liu W, Koenig K, Idell S, Broaddus VC. Vitronectin adsorption to chrysotile asbestos increases fiber phagocytosis and toxicity for mesothelial cells. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 Nov; 279(5):L916-23. PMID: 11053028.
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    42. Liu W, Ernst JD, Broaddus VC. Phagocytosis of crocidolite asbestos induces oxidative stress, DNA damage, and apoptosis in mesothelial cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2000 Sep; 23(3):371-8. PMID: 10970829.
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    43. Levresse V, Renier A, Levy F, Broaddus VC, Jaurand M. DNA breakage in asbestos-treated normal and transformed (TSV40) rat pleural mesothelial cells. Mutagenesis. 2000 May; 15(3):239-44. PMID: 10792017.
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    44. Marchi E, Liu W, Broaddus VC. Mesothelial cell apoptosis is confirmed in vivo by morphological change in cytokeratin distribution. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2000 Mar; 278(3):L528-35. PMID: 10710525.
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    45. Perkins RC, Broaddus VC, Shetty S, Hamilton S, Idell S. Asbestos upregulates expression of the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor on mesothelial cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1999 Nov; 21(5):637-46. PMID: 10536123.
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    46. Miyazaki H, Broaddus VC, Wiener-Kronish JP, Sawa T, Pittet JF, Kravchenko V, Mathison JC, Nishizawa H, Hattori S, Yamakawa T, Yamada H, Kudoh I. The effects of two antiinflammatory pretreatments on bacterial-induced lung injury. Anesthesiology. 1999 Jun; 90(6):1650-62. PMID: 10360864.
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    47. Narasimhan SR, Yang L, Gerwin BI, Broaddus VC. Resistance of pleural mesothelioma cell lines to apoptosis: relation to expression of Bcl-2 and Bax. Am J Physiol. 1998 Jul; 275(1 Pt 1):L165-71. PMID: 9688948.
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    48. Ernst JD, Yang L, Rosales JL, Broaddus VC. Preparation and characterization of an endogenously fluorescent annexin for detection of apoptotic cells. Anal Biochem. 1998 Jun 15; 260(1):18-23. PMID: 9648647.
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    49. Nishimura SL, Broaddus VC. Asbestos-induced pleural disease. Clin Chest Med. 1998 Jun; 19(2):311-29. PMID: 9646983.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Broaddus VC. Asbestos, the mesothelial cell and malignancy: a matter of life or death. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1997 Dec; 17(6):657-9. PMID: 9409552.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Broaddus VC, Yang L, Scavo LM, Ernst JD, Boylan AM. Crocidolite asbestos induces apoptosis of pleural mesothelial cells: role of reactive oxygen species and poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerase. Environ Health Perspect. 1997 Sep; 105 Suppl 5:1147-52. PMID: 9400715; PMCID: PMC1470163.
    52. Marchi E, Broaddus VC. Mechanisms of pleural liquid formation in pleural inflammation. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 1997 Jul; 3(4):305-9. PMID: 9262118.
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    53. Broaddus VC, Hébert CA. Neutralization of interleukin-8 in in vivo models of lung and pleural injury. Methods Enzymol. 1997; 288:161-81. PMID: 9356994.
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    54. Broaddus VC, Yang L, Scavo LM, Ernst JD, Boylan AM. Asbestos induces apoptosis of human and rabbit pleural mesothelial cells via reactive oxygen species. J Clin Invest. 1996 Nov 1; 98(9):2050-9. PMID: 8903324; PMCID: PMC507649.
    55. Boylan AM, Sanan DA, Sheppard D, Broaddus VC. Vitronectin enhances internalization of crocidolite asbestos by rabbit pleural mesothelial cells via the integrin alpha v beta 5. J Clin Invest. 1995 Oct; 96(4):1987-2001. PMID: 7560092; PMCID: PMC185837.
    56. Folkesson HG, Matthay MA, Hébert CA, Broaddus VC. Acid aspiration-induced lung injury in rabbits is mediated by interleukin-8-dependent mechanisms. J Clin Invest. 1995 Jul; 96(1):107-16. PMID: 7615779; PMCID: PMC185178.
    57. Boylan AM, Hébert CA, Sadick M, Wong WL, Chuntharapai A, Hoeffel JM, Hartiala KT, Broaddus VC. Interleukin-8 is a major component of pleural liquid chemotactic activity in a rabbit model of endotoxin pleurisy. Am J Physiol. 1994 Aug; 267(2 Pt 1):L137-44. PMID: 8074236.
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    58. Broaddus VC, Feigal DW. Starting an academic career. A survey of junior academic pulmonary physicians. Chest. 1994 Jun; 105(6):1858-63. PMID: 8205889.
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    59. Broaddus VC, Boylan AM, Hoeffel JM, Kim KJ, Sadick M, Chuntharapai A, Hébert CA. Neutralization of IL-8 inhibits neutrophil influx in a rabbit model of endotoxin-induced pleurisy. J Immunol. 1994 Mar 15; 152(6):2960-7. PMID: 8144895.
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    60. Wiener-Kronish JP, Broaddus VC. Interrelationship of pleural and pulmonary interstitial liquid. Annu Rev Physiol. 1993; 55:209-26. PMID: 8466174.
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    61. Broaddus V, Hébert CA, Vitangcol RV, Hoeffel JM, Bernstein MS, Boylan AM. Interleukin-8 is a major neutrophil chemotactic factor in pleural liquid of patients with empyema. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Oct; 146(4):825-30. PMID: 1416405.
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    62. Broaddus V, Light RW. What is the origin of pleural transudates and exudates? Chest. 1992 Sep; 102(3):658-9. PMID: 1516384.
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    63. Boylan AM, Rüegg C, Kim KJ, Hébert CA, Hoeffel JM, Pytela R, Sheppard D, Goldstein IM, Broaddus V. Evidence of a role for mesothelial cell-derived interleukin 8 in the pathogenesis of asbestos-induced pleurisy in rabbits. J Clin Invest. 1992 Apr; 89(4):1257-67. PMID: 1556187; PMCID: PMC442986.
    64. Broaddus V, Araya M. Liquid and protein dynamics using a new minimally invasive pleural catheter in rabbits. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Mar; 72(3):851-7. PMID: 1568980.
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    65. Broaddus V, Araya M, Carlton DP, Bland RD. Developmental changes in pleural liquid protein concentration in sheep. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1991 Jan; 143(1):38-41. PMID: 1986682.
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    66. Broaddus V, Wiener-Kronish JP, Staub NC. Clearance of lung edema into the pleural space of volume-loaded anesthetized sheep. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 Jun; 68(6):2623-30. PMID: 2384440.
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    67. Wiener-Kronish JP, Broaddus V, Albertine KH, Gropper MA, Matthay MA, Staub NC. Relationship of pleural effusions to increased permeability pulmonary edema in anesthetized sheep. J Clin Invest. 1988 Oct; 82(4):1422-9. PMID: 3170750; PMCID: PMC442700.
    68. Berthiaume Y, Broaddus V, Gropper MA, Tanita T, Matthay MA. Alveolar liquid and protein clearance from normal dog lungs. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Aug; 65(2):585-93. PMID: 3170409.
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    69. Broaddus VC, Wiener-Kronish JP, Berthiaume Y, Staub NC. Removal of pleural liquid and protein by lymphatics in awake sheep. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1988 Jan; 64(1):384-90. PMID: 3356657.
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    70. Wiener-Kronish JP, Goldstein R, Matthay RA, Biondi JW, Broaddus VC, Chatterjee K, Matthay MA. Lack of association of pleural effusion with chronic pulmonary arterial and right atrial hypertension. Chest. 1987 Dec; 92(6):967-70. PMID: 3677841.
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    71. Seltzer J, Broaddus VC, Jacobs R, Golden JA. Reactivation of coccidioides infection. West J Med. 1986 Jul; 145(1):96-8. PMID: 3529635; PMCID: PMC1306837.
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