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Barbara Drew, RN, PhD, FAAN

Title(s)Professor Emeritus, Physiological Nursing
SchoolSchool of Nursing
Address2 Koret Way
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPh.D.1990 Nursing
    University of California, San FranciscoM.S.1980 Nursing
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    American Nurses' Association2018Hall of Fame Award
    American Heart Association2014Distinguished Scientist Award
    National Institute for Nursing Research, NIH2014NINR Director’s Lecture
    UCSF2013David Mortara Distinguished Professor
    International Society for Computerized Electrocardiology2010Kenichi Harumi Plenary Address
    UCSF2010Lillian & Dudley Aldous Professor in Nursing Science (Endowed Chair)
    UCSF Division of the Academic Senate2009Distinguished Teaching Award
    UCSF School of Nursing 200626thHelen Nahm Research Lecture Award
    Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Switzerland2006Fulbright Senior Scientist Award
    UCSF Graduate Students’ Association 2003Outstanding Faculty Mentorship Award
    American Heart Association2001Katherine A. Lembright Award Lecture for achievement in cardiovascular nursing research, Council on
    American Association of Critical-Care Nurses 2002Distinguished Research Lecturer Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My program of research focuses on expanding information obtained from electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings to improve clinical decision-making and patient outcomes in hospital and pre-hospital settings. I helped develop a monitoring strategy, “reduced lead set” technology, a method to derive a multi-lead electrocardiogram from a reduced number of electrodes. I was invited to present my research in reduced lead set technology at the Einthoven Foundation’s Celebration of 100 years of the Electrocardiogram in the Netherlands in 2002. Einthoven won a Nobel Prize for inventing the ECG machine in 1902, and this celebration acknowledged scientists who had made important and lasting contributions to the field.
    Results of studies from my research laboratory (ECG Monitoring Research Lab in the School of Nursing) have informed the development of ST-segment (ischemia) monitoring algorithms for cardiac monitors. We discovered causes of false ischemia monitoring alarms, such as changes in a patient’s body position, which can alter waveforms and mimic the electrocardiographic changes of myocardial ischemia. Our publications provided evidence for the importance of ischemia monitoring in patients presenting to the emergency room with chest pain or treated in hospital units for acute coronary syndromes. A series of studies from my laboratory have shown that transient ischemia following treatment for acute coronary syndromes is: (1) usually missed with routine “arrhythmia” monitoring leads, (2) associated with poor hospital outcomes and, (3) most often (80%) clinically silent (asymptomatic). In addition, we were the first to publish that automated ST segment ischemia monitoring provided prognostic information above and beyond the initial standard 12-lead ECG in patients with acute coronary syndrome.
    Realizing that the under-utilization of ischemia monitoring by clinicians in emergency rooms and hospital units was due to a lack of clarity about how to perform it, I organized an international group of experts to develop a practice guideline. The resultant report was entitled, Multi-lead ST-segment monitoring in patients with acute coronary syndromes: A consensus statement for healthcare professionals, published in 1999. This guideline has influenced clinical practice internationally.
    Recent studies have focused on ECG monitoring in emergency rooms and pre-hospital settings. I helped design computer software for an ambulance device capable of monitoring patients for ischemia using reduced lead set technology and automatically transmitting abnormal ECGs by cell phone to the destination hospital. Results from our study show that this pre-hospital monitoring strategy increases paramedic utilization of pre-hospital ECG, reduces time from 911call to first ECG, and reduces hospital time to treatment for acute coronary syndrome.
    I have also worked recently on another goal of hospital ECG monitoring: QT interval monitoring. By monitoring QT intervals in patients who are started on potentially pro-arrhythmic drugs, it may be possible to prevent the complication of torsade de pointes, a cause of sudden cardiac death in hospital settings. I advised engineers to design an automated QT interval measurement strategy that was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2008. After implementing the QT monitoring system in the 5 critical care units at Stanford Hospitals & Clinics, we found that a high proportion (24%) of patients had dangerous QT interval prolongation episodes and that they were 3 times more likely to have in-hospital death. I believe this upgrade to cardiac monitors will save nursing time by eliminating the need for manual measurements and provide more frequent, reliable, and accurate measurement of the QT interval and may prevent cardiac arrests in hospital settings.
    In collaboration with a professor at Yale School of Nursing, we have been funded by NHLBI for a 5-yr, multi-center randomized clinical trial to implement the American Heart Association Practice Standards for ECG Monitoring in Hospital Settings and to determine whether it will improve nurse monitoring behaviors, quality of care, and patient outcomes. We developed interactive educational computer modules recommending the best practices for arrhythmia, ischemia, and QT interval monitoring for use in the study.
    Currently, I am conducting a pilot study in post-heart-transplant patients to determine whether an increase in the QT interval measured with a home ECG device and transmitted to my research laboratory is an early biomarker for acute cardiac allograft rejection. If this noninvasive biomarker proves sensitive for the detection of acute rejection, then I will submit a proposal for a randomized clinical trial comparing it with routine invasive endomyocardial biopsies.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Home ECG Monitoring to Detect Allograft Rejection Following Heart Transplantation
    NIH/NINR R01NR012003Mar 15, 2011 - Jan 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Tele-electrocardiography in Emergency Cardiac Care
    NIH/NINR R01NR007881Sep 15, 2003 - Jun 30, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NOVEL METHOD TO DIAGNOSE ACUTE MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL069753Sep 30, 1993 - Jun 30, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    NURSING STRATEGY FOR CARDIAC ISCHEMIA MONITORING
    NIH/NINR R01NR003436Sep 30, 1993 - Jul 31, 2001
    Role: Principal Investigator
    DIFFERENTIATION OF WIDE QRS COMPLEX TACHYCARDIAS
    NIH/NINR F31NR006230Jan 15, 1989
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Nonspecific electrocardiographic abnormalities are associated with increased length of stay and adverse cardiac outcomes in prehospital chest pain. Heart Lung. 2019 Mar - Apr; 48(2):121-125. Rivero D, Alhamaydeh M, Faramand Z, Alrawashdeh M, Martin-Gill C, Callaway C, Drew B, Al-Zaiti S. PMID: 30309629.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Electrocardiographic Correlates of Acute Allograft Rejection Among Heart Transplant Recipients. Am J Crit Care. 2018 03; 27(2):145-150. Hickey KT, Sciacca RR, Chen B, Drew BJ, Pickham D, Carter EV, Castillo C, Doering LV. PMID: 29496772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Understanding heart rate alarm adjustment in the intensive care units through an analytical approach. PLoS One. 2017; 12(11):e0187855. Fidler RL, Pelter MM, Drew BJ, Palacios JA, Bai Y, Stannard D, Aldrich JM, Hu X. PMID: 29176776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Debatable issues in automated ECG reporting. J Electrocardiol. 2017 Nov - Dec; 50(6):833-840. Macfarlane PW, Mason JW, Kligfield P, Sommargren CE, Drew B, van Dam P, Abächerli R, Albert DE, Hodges M. PMID: 28985886.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. ECG-derived Cheyne-Stokes respiration and periodic breathing in healthy and hospitalized populations. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2017 Nov; 22(6). Tinoco A, Drew BJ, Hu X, Mortara D, Cooper BA, Pelter MM. PMID: 28618169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Utility of Conventional Electrocardiographic Criteria in Patients With Idiopathic Ventricular Tachycardia. JACC Clin Electrophysiol. 2017 07; 3(7):669-677. Yadav AV, Nazer B, Drew BJ, Miller JM, El Masry H, Groh WJ, Natale A, Marrouche N, Badhwar N, Yang Y, Scheinman MM. PMID: 29759535.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Association of Implementation of Practice Standards for Electrocardiographic Monitoring With Nurses' Knowledge, Quality of Care, and Patient Outcomes: Findings From the Practical Use of the Latest Standards of Electrocardiography (PULSE) Trial. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017 02; 10(2). Funk M, Fennie KP, Stephens KE, May JL, Winkler CG, Drew BJ. PMID: 28174175.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Clinical and gender differences in heart transplant recipients in the NEW HEART study. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2017 03; 16(3):222-229. Hickey KT, Doering LV, Chen B, Carter EV, Sciacca RR, Pickham D, Castillo C, Hauser NR, Drew BJ. PMID: 27189203.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. In memoriam: A tribute to the work and lives of Ron Selvester and Rory Childers. J Electrocardiol. 2015 Nov-Dec; 48(6):1088-98. Drew BJ, Sommargren CE, Tolan GD, Macfarlane PW, Wagner GS, Strauss DG, Burke MC, Kligfield PD, Rowlandson I, Lux RL. PMID: 26422547.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Human factors approach to evaluate the user interface of physiologic monitoring. J Electrocardiol. 2015 Nov-Dec; 48(6):982-7. Fidler R, Bond R, Finlay D, Guldenring D, Gallagher A, Pelter M, Drew B, Hu X. PMID: 26375330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Computer-assisted interventions to improve QTc documentation in patients receiving QT-prolonging drugs. Am J Crit Care. 2015 Mar; 24(2):e6-e15. Sandau KE, Sendelbach S, Fletcher L, Frederickson J, Drew BJ, Funk M. PMID: 25727282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Normal prehospital electrocardiography is linked to long-term survival in patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2015 Jul-Aug; 48(4):520-6. Zègre-Hemsey JK, Sommargren CE, Asafu-Adjei JK, Drew BJ. PMID: 25683824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Reply: nurse practitioners (and other physician extenders) are not an appropriate replacement for expert physician electrocardiogram readers in routine clinical practice. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Jan 06; 65(1):107-108. Drew BJ, Dracup K, Criley JM, Fung G, Marcus F, Mortara D, Laks M, Scheinman M. PMID: 25572520.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Insights into the problem of alarm fatigue with physiologic monitor devices: a comprehensive observational study of consecutive intensive care unit patients. PLoS One. 2014; 9(10):e110274. Drew BJ, Harris P, Zègre-Hemsey JK, Mammone T, Schindler D, Salas-Boni R, Bai Y, Tinoco A, Ding Q, Hu X. PMID: 25338067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Integrating monitor alarms with laboratory test results to enhance patient deterioration prediction. J Biomed Inform. 2015 Feb; 53:81-92. Bai Y, Do DH, Harris PR, Schindler D, Boyle NG, Drew BJ, Hu X. PMID: 25240252.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Finding ECG readers in clinical practice: is it time to change the paradigm? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Aug 05; 64(5):528. Drew BJ, Dracup K, Childers R, Criley JM, Fung G, Marcus F, Mortara D, Laks M, Scheinman M. PMID: 25082590.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Heart rate variability measured early in patients with evolving acute coronary syndrome and 1-year outcomes of rehospitalization and mortality. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2014; 10:451-64. Harris PR, Stein PK, Fung GL, Drew BJ. PMID: 25143740.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. False ventricular tachycardia alarm suppression in the ICU based on the discrete wavelet transform in the ECG signal. J Electrocardiol. 2014 Nov-Dec; 47(6):775-80. Salas-Boni R, Bai Y, Harris PR, Drew BJ, Hu X. PMID: 25172188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Heart rate variability measurement and clinical depression in acute coronary syndrome patients: narrative review of recent literature. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014; 10:1335-47. Harris PR, Sommargren CE, Stein PK, Fung GL, Drew BJ. PMID: 25071372.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    20. Prevalence and prognostic significance of long QT interval in patients with acute coronary syndrome: review of the literature. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3):271-9. Hasanien AA, Drew BJ, Howie-Esquivel J. PMID: 23839573.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Hyperglycemia is associated with corrected QT prolongation and mortality in acutely ill patients. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2014 May-Jun; 29(3):264-70. Pickham D, Flowers E, Drew BJ. PMID: 23364575.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Electrocardiographic abnormalities in the first year after heart transplantation. J Electrocardiol. 2014 Mar-Apr; 47(2):135-9. Pickham D, Hickey K, Doering L, Chen B, Castillo C, Drew BJ. PMID: 24119878.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    23. Arrhythmias in patients with acute coronary syndrome in the first 24 hours of hospitalization. Heart Lung. 2013 Nov-Dec; 42(6):422-7. Winkler C, Funk M, Schindler DM, Hemsey JZ, Lampert R, Drew BJ. PMID: 23972554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Prognostic value of heart rate turbulence for risk assessment in patients with unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2013; 9:465-73. Harris PR, Stein PK, Fung GL, Drew BJ. PMID: 23976860.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Prevalence and prognostic significance of long QT interval among patients with chest pain: selecting an optimum QT rate correction formula. J Electrocardiol. 2013 Jul-Aug; 46(4):336-42. Hasanien AA, Drew BJ, Howie-Esquivel J, Fung G, Harris P. PMID: 23597403.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Prehospital electrocardiographic manifestations of acute myocardial ischemia independently predict adverse hospital outcomes. J Emerg Med. 2013 May; 44(5):955-61. Zègre Hemsey JK, Dracup K, Fleischmann KE, Sommargren CE, Paul SM, Drew BJ. PMID: 23357378.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Complications of liver resection: laparoscopic versus open procedures. JSLS. 2013 Jan-Mar; 17(1):46-55. Slakey DP, Simms E, Drew B, Yazdi F, Roberts B. PMID: 23743371.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Time dependent history improves QT interval estimation in atrial fibrillation. J Electrocardiol. 2012 Nov-Dec; 45(6):556-60. Pickham D, Mortara D, Drew BJ. PMID: 23040546.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Latency of ECG displays of hospital telemetry systems: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 Sep 25; 126(13):1665-9. Turakhia MP, Estes NA, Drew BJ, Granger CB, Wang PJ, Knight BP, Page RL. PMID: 22927339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    30. Electrocardiographic characteristics of potential organ donors and associations with cardiac allograft use. Circ Heart Fail. 2012 Jul 01; 5(4):475-83. Khush KK, Menza R, Nguyen J, Goldstein BA, Zaroff JG, Drew BJ. PMID: 22615333.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Quasi-experimental study to improve nurses' QT-interval monitoring: results of QTIP study. Am J Crit Care. 2012 May; 21(3):195-200; quiz 201. Pickham D, Shinn JA, Chan GK, Funk M, Drew BJ. PMID: 22549576.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Development and implementation of a critical pathway for patients with chest pain through action research. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2012 Dec; 11(4):466-71. Siebens K, Miljoen H, De Geest S, Drew B, Vrints C. PMID: 21676654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Feasibility and compliance with daily home electrocardiogram monitoring of the QT interval in heart transplant recipients. Heart Lung. 2012 Jul-Aug; 41(4):368-73. Carter EV, Hickey KT, Pickham DM, Doering LV, Chen B, Harris PR, Drew BJ. PMID: 22459508.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Remote noninvasive allograft rejection monitoring for heart transplant recipients: study protocol for the novel evaluation with home electrocardiogram and remote transmission (NEW HEART) study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2012 Mar 02; 12:14. Doering LV, Hickey K, Pickham D, Chen B, Drew BJ. PMID: 22386040.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    35. High prevalence of corrected QT interval prolongation in acutely ill patients is associated with mortality: results of the QT in Practice (QTIP) Study. Crit Care Med. 2012 Feb; 40(2):394-9. Pickham D, Helfenbein E, Shinn JA, Chan G, Funk M, Weinacker A, Liu JN, Drew BJ. PMID: 22001585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Prehospital electrocardiography: a review of the literature. J Emerg Nurs. 2012 Jan; 38(1):9-14. Zègre Hemsey JK, Drew BJ. PMID: 22137883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Prehospital 12-lead ST-segment monitoring improves the early diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2012 May-Jun; 45(3):266-71. Zègre Hemsey JK, Dracup K, Fleischmann K, Sommargren CE, Drew BJ. PMID: 22115367.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. A simple strategy improves prehospital electrocardiogram utilization and hospital treatment for patients with acute coronary syndrome (from the ST SMART Study). Am J Cardiol. 2011 Feb 01; 107(3):347-52. Drew BJ, Sommargren CE, Schindler DM, Benedict K, Zegre-Hemsey J, Glancy JP. PMID: 21256997.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Standardization of electrode placement for continuous patient monitoring: introduction of an assessment tool to compare proposed electrocardiogram lead configurations. J Electrocardiol. 2011 Mar-Apr; 44(2):115-8. Drew B. PMID: 21216412.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. The new universal definition of myocardial infarction criteria improve electrocardiographic diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2011 Jan-Feb; 44(1):69-73. Fleischmann KE, Zègre-Hemsey J, Drew BJ. PMID: 21168005.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. How many patients need QT interval monitoring in critical care units? Preliminary report of the QT in Practice study. J Electrocardiol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 43(6):572-6. Pickham D, Helfenbein E, Shinn JA, Chan G, Funk M, Drew BJ. PMID: 21040827.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Unnecessary arrhythmia monitoring and underutilization of ischemia and QT interval monitoring in current clinical practice: baseline results of the Practical Use of the Latest Standards for Electrocardiography trial. J Electrocardiol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 43(6):542-7. Funk M, Winkler CG, May JL, Stephens K, Fennie KP, Rose LL, Turkman YE, Drew BJ. PMID: 20832819.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Prevention of torsade de pointes in hospital settings: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Mar 02; 55(9):934-47. Drew BJ, Ackerman MJ, Funk M, Gibler WB, Kligfield P, Menon V, Philippides GJ, Roden DM, Zareba W. PMID: 20185054.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 60     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Implementation of the guidelines for the management of patients with chest pain through a critical pathway approach improves length of stay and patient satisfaction but not anxiety. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2010 Mar; 9(1):30-4. Siebens K, Miljoen H, Fieuws S, Drew B, De Geest S, Vrints C. PMID: 20215908.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Prevention of torsade de pointes in hospital settings: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Circulation. 2010 Mar 02; 121(8):1047-60. Drew BJ, Ackerman MJ, Funk M, Gibler WB, Kligfield P, Menon V, Philippides GJ, Roden DM, Zareba W. PMID: 20142454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 82     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Initial ECG acquisition within 10 minutes of arrival at the emergency department in persons with chest pain: time and gender differences. J Emerg Nurs. 2011 Jan; 37(1):109-12. Zègre-Hemsey J, Sommargren CE, Drew BJ. PMID: 21237383.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Patient Perspective of Arrhythmia Questionnaire. Res Nurs Health. 2009 Oct; 32(5):504-16. Wood KA, Stewart AL, Drew BJ, Scheinman MM, Frolicher ES. PMID: 19701927.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Patient perception of symptoms and quality of life following ablation in patients with supraventricular tachycardia. Heart Lung. 2010 Jan-Feb; 39(1):12-20. Wood KA, Stewart AL, Drew BJ, Scheinman MM, Froëlicher ES. PMID: 20109982.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Overcoming barriers to developing seamless ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction care systems in the United States: recommendations from a comprehensive Prehospital 12-lead Electrocardiogram Working Group. J Electrocardiol. 2009 Sep-Oct; 42(5):426-31. Frendl DM, Palmeri ST, Clapp JR, Hampton D, Sejersten M, Young D, Drew B, Farrell R, Innes J, Russell J, Rowlandson GI, Purim-Shem-Tov Y, Underhill BK, Zhou S, Wagner GS. PMID: 19446840.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Sequence of electrocardiographic and acoustic cardiographic changes and angina during coronary occlusion and reperfusion in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol. 2009 Apr; 14(2):137-46. Lee E, Drew BJ, Selvester RH, Michaels AD. PMID: 19419398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Diastolic heart sounds as an adjunctive diagnostic tool with ST criteria for acute myocardial ischemia. Acute Card Care. 2009; 11(4):229-35. Lee E, Drew BJ, Selvester RH, Michaels AD. PMID: 19995262.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Frequency of diastolic third and fourth heart sounds with myocardial ischemia induced during percutaneous coronary intervention. J Electrocardiol. 2009 Jan-Feb; 42(1):39-45. Lee E, Michaels AD, Selvester RH, Drew BJ. PMID: 19012901.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    53. Standardization of reduced and optimal lead sets for continuous electrocardiogram monitoring: where do we stand? J Electrocardiol. 2008 Nov-Dec; 41(6):458-65. Drew BJ, Finlay DD. PMID: 18817928.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    54. Implementation and integration of prehospital ECGs into systems of care for acute coronary syndrome: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Nursing, and Council on Clinical Cardiology. Circulation. 2008 Sep 02; 118(10):1066-79. Ting HH, Krumholz HM, Bradley EH, Cone DC, Curtis JP, Drew BJ, Field JM, French WJ, Gibler WB, Goff DC, Jacobs AK, Nallamothu BK, O'Connor RE, Schuur JD. PMID: 18703464.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. QT/QTc interval monitoring in the emergency department. J Emerg Nurs. 2008 Oct; 34(5):428-34. Pickham D, Drew BJ. PMID: 18804716.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Standardizing electrocardiographic leads: introduction to a symposium. J Electrocardiol. 2008 May-Jun; 41(3):187-9. Drew B, Kligfield P. PMID: 18433610.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    57. Pseudo myocardial injury patterns because of nonstandard electrocardiogram electrode placement. J Electrocardiol. 2008 May-Jun; 41(3):202-4. Drew BJ. PMID: 18353344.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Management of cocaine-associated chest pain and myocardial infarction: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Acute Cardiac Care Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology. Circulation. 2008 Apr 08; 117(14):1897-907. McCord J, Jneid H, Hollander JE, de Lemos JA, Cercek B, Hsue P, Gibler WB, Ohman EM, Drew B, Philippides G, Newby LK. PMID: 18347214.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Karhunen-Loève representation distinguishes ST-T wave morphology differences in emergency department chest pain patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction versus nonacute coronary syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S145-9. Schindler DM, Lux RL, Shusterman V, Drew BJ. PMID: 17993312.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Dynamic tracking of ischemia in the surface electrocardiogram. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S179-86. Shusterman V, Goldberg A, Schindler DM, Fleischmann KE, Lux RL, Drew BJ. PMID: 17993319.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Estimated body surface potential maps in emergency department patients with unrecognized transient myocardial ischemia. J Electrocardiol. 2007 Nov-Dec; 40(6 Suppl):S15-20. Drew BJ, Schindler DM, Zegre JK, Fleischmann KE, Lux RL. PMID: 17993313.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Preventing torsades de pointes by careful cardiac monitoring in hospital settings. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2007 Jul-Sep; 18(3):285-93. Sommargren CE, Drew BJ. PMID: 18019519.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Pulling it all together: case studies on ECG monitoring. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2007 Jul-Sep; 18(3):305-17. Drew BJ. PMID: 18019521.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Atrial electrograms after cardiac surgery: survey of clinical practice. Am J Crit Care. 2007 Jul; 16(4):350-6; quiz 357; discussion 358-9. Miller JN, Drew BJ. PMID: 17595365.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Development of systems of care for ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients: policy recommendations. Circulation. 2007 Jul 10; 116(2):e73-6. Solis P, Amsterdam EA, Bufalino V, Drew BJ, Jacobs AK. PMID: 17538035.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Critical care nurses in industry: deserters or leaders? Am J Crit Care. 2007 May; 16(3):204-5. Drew BJ. PMID: 17460308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. The role of nurses in a chest pain unit. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2007 Dec; 6(4):265-72. Siebens K, Moons P, De Geest S, Miljoen H, Drew BJ, Vrints C. PMID: 17349824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Novel electrocardiogram configurations and transmission procedures in the prehospital setting: effect on ischemia and arrhythmia determination. J Electrocardiol. 2006 Oct; 39(4 Suppl):S157-60. Drew BJ, Sommargren CE, Schindler DM, Zegre J, Benedict K, Krucoff MW. PMID: 17015064.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Pitfalls and artifacts in electrocardiography. Cardiol Clin. 2006 Aug; 24(3):309-15, vii. Drew BJ. PMID: 16939825.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    70. Prospective analysis of prevalence, distribution, and rate of recovery of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2006 Jul; 105(1):15-20. Banki N, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Lawton MT, Gress D, Drew B, Dae M, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. PMID: 16871878.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Practice standards for ECG monitoring in hospital settings: executive summary and guide for implementation. Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2006 Jun; 18(2):157-68, ix. Drew BJ, Funk M. PMID: 16728301.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Phonocardiographic timing of third and fourth heart sounds during acute myocardial infarction. J Electrocardiol. 2006 Jul; 39(3):305-9. Harris IS, Lee E, Yeghiazarians Y, Drew BJ, Michaels AD. PMID: 16777517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Predictors of left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 4(3):199-205. Kothavale A, Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Yarlagadda S, Lawton MT, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff JG. PMID: 16757824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Acute neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Circulation. 2005 Nov 22; 112(21):3314-9. Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Dae MW, Miss J, Tung P, Lawton MT, Drew BJ, Foster E, Smith W, Parmley WW, Zaroff JG. PMID: 16286583.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Designing prehospital ECG systems for acute coronary syndromes. Lessons learned from clinical trials involving 12-lead ST-segment monitoring. J Electrocardiol. 2005 Oct; 38(4 Suppl):180-5. Drew BJ, Pelter MM, Lee E, Zegre J, Schindler D, Fleischmann KE. PMID: 16226097.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Practical implementation of the Guidelines for Unstable Angina/Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2005 Aug; 46(2):185-97. Gibler WB, Cannon CP, Blomkalns AL, Char DM, Drew BJ, Hollander JE, Jaffe AS, Jesse RL, Newby LK, Ohman EM, Peterson ED, Pollack CV. PMID: 16046952.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels are associated with early cardiac dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2005 Jul; 36(7):1567-9. Tung PP, Olmsted E, Kopelnik A, Banki NM, Drew BJ, Ko N, Lawton MT, Smith W, Foster E, Young WL, Zaroff JG. PMID: 15947264.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Practical implementation of the guidelines for unstable angina/non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in the emergency department: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology (Subcommittee on Acute Cardiac Care), Council on Cardiovascular Nursing, and Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group, in Collaboration With the Society of Chest Pain Centers. Circulation. 2005 May 24; 111(20):2699-710. Gibler WB, Cannon CP, Blomkalns AL, Char DM, Drew BJ, Hollander JE, Jaffe AS, Jesse RL, Newby LK, Ohman EM, Peterson ED, Pollack CV. PMID: 15911720.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. AHA scientific statement: practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: an American Heart Association Scientific Statement from the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Clinical Cardiology, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Young: endorsed by the International Society of Computerized electrocardiology and the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2005 Mar-Apr; 20(2):76-106. Drew BJ, Califf RM, Funk M, Kaufman ES, Krucoff MW, Laks MM, Macfarlane PW, Sommargren C, Swiryn S, Van Hare GF. PMID: 15855856.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    80. Age and aneurysm position predict patterns of left ventricular dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Feb; 18(2):168-74. Khush K, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Banki N, Dae M, Lawton M, Smith W, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff J. PMID: 15682055.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Prevalence and implications of diastolic dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2005; 3(2):132-8. Kopelnik A, Fisher L, Miss JC, Banki N, Tung P, Lawton MT, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff J. PMID: 16174882.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    82. Practice standards for electrocardiographic monitoring in hospital settings: an American Heart Association scientific statement from the Councils on Cardiovascular Nursing, Clinical Cardiology, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Young: endorsed by the International Society of Computerized Electrocardiology and the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. Circulation. 2004 Oct 26; 110(17):2721-46. Drew BJ, Califf RM, Funk M, Kaufman ES, Krucoff MW, Laks MM, Macfarlane PW, Sommargren C, Swiryn S, Van Hare GF. PMID: 15505110.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 53     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Predictors of neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Feb; 35(2):548-51. Tung P, Kopelnik A, Banki N, Ong K, Ko N, Lawton MT, Gress D, Drew B, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. PMID: 14739408.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    84. Pre-hospital synthesized 12-lead ECG ischemia monitoring with trans-telephonic transmission in acute coronary syndromes: pilot study results of the ST SMART trial. J Electrocardiol. 2004; 37 Suppl:214-21. Drew BJ, Dempsey ED, Joo TH, Sommargren CE, Glancy JP, Benedict K, Krucoff MW. PMID: 15534844.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    85. Optimal leads, estimation, and continuous monitoring improve detection of acute MI and transient ischemia. J Electrocardiol. 2004; 37 Suppl:240-3. Lux R, Bilbao M, Pelter M, Fleischmann K, Zegre J, Schindler D, Drew B. PMID: 15534848.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Frequency and outcomes of transient myocardial ischemia in critically ill adults admitted for noncardiac conditions. Am J Crit Care. 2003 Nov; 12(6):508-16; discussion 517. Booker KJ, Holm K, Drew BJ, Lanuza DM, Hicks FD, Carrigan T, Wright M, Moran J. PMID: 14619356.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    87. Transient myocardial ischemia is an independent predictor of adverse in-hospital outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes treated in the telemetry unit. Heart Lung. 2003 Mar-Apr; 32(2):71-8. Pelter MM, Adams MG, Drew BJ. PMID: 12734529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    88. Factors to consider when analyzing 12-lead electrocardiograms for evidence of acute myocardial ischemia. Am J Crit Care. 2003 Jan; 12(1):9-16; quiz 17-8. Adams-Hamoda MG, Caldwell MA, Stotts NA, Drew BJ. PMID: 12526232.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    89. Association of transient myocardial ischemia with adverse in-hospital outcomes for angina patients treated in a telemetry unit or a coronary care unit. Am J Crit Care. 2002 Jul; 11(4):318-25. Pelter MM, Adams MG, Drew BJ. PMID: 12102432.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    90. Celebrating the 100th birthday of the electrocardiogram: lessons learned from research in cardiac monitoring. Am J Crit Care. 2002 Jul; 11(4):378-86; quiz 387-8. Drew BJ. PMID: 12102439.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    91. Comparison of a new reduced lead set ECG with the standard ECG for diagnosing cardiac arrhythmias and myocardial ischemia. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:13-21. Drew BJ, Pelter MM, Brodnick DE, Yadav AV, Dempel D, Adams MG. PMID: 12539095.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    92. Efficacy of 2 strategies to detect body position ST-segment changes during continuous 12-lead electrocardiographic monitoring. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:193-200. Adams MG, Drew BJ. PMID: 12539117.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    93. The first ISCE Board of "Trustees" overview panel session: ischemia monitoring, state of the art. International Society of Computerized Electrocardiology. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:207-30. Booker KJ, Drew BJ, Lux RL, Johanson P, Krucoff MW, Hampton D, Hubelbank M, Feild DQ, Stadler RW, Mortara DM. PMID: 12539121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    94. Electrocardiographic repolarization abnormalities in subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Electrocardiol. 2002; 35 Suppl:257-62. Sommargren CE, Zaroff JG, Banki N, Drew BJ. PMID: 12539136.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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