Adam Numis, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address675 Nelson Rising Lane, #402A
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-1594-9812 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Pennsylvania State UniversityBS2004
    Harvard Medical SchoolMD2009
    Boston Children's Hospital/Boston Medical Center2011Pediatric Residency
    University of California, San Francisco2014Child Neurology Residency
    University of California, Los Angeles2015Clinical Neurophysiology Fellowship
    University of California, Los Angeles2016Epilepsy Fellowship

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Adam L. Numis is a pediatric neurologist and specialist in epilepsy. He focuses on evaluating and caring for children with epilepsy, particularly those with difficult-to-treat seizures.

    His research includes evaluating the connection between inflammation and epilepsy. His work attempts to understand how inflammatory markers in the blood could help predict which patients might respond best to a particular antiseizure medications, in particular for a severe type of epilepsy termed infantile spasms. Additionally, his work seeks to understand the role inflammation and genetics may play in epilepsy development in certain at-risk populations, including children with neonatal encephalopathy, traumatic brain injuries, and stroke.

    Dr. Numis received his medical degree from Harvard Medical School. He completed a residency in pediatrics at Boston Children's Hospital, a residency in child neurology at UCSF, and fellowships in clinical neurophysiology and epilepsy at the University of California, Los Angeles.

    To make an appointment with Dr. Numis in the Pediatric Center of Excellence, ask your child's pediatrician to fax a referral to (415) 353-2400 or call (855) 722-8273. Learn more at:

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Evaluating the Role of Inflammation in Neonatal Epileptogenesis
    NIH K23NS105918Dec 15, 2018 - Nov 30, 2023
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HEAL - EEG - Neurophysiologic measures of Epo treatment for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)
    NIH R01NS104322Sep 30, 2018 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Collaboration Interests

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Relationship of Neonatal Seizure Burden Before Treatment and Response to Initial Antiseizure Medication. J Pediatr. 2024 Feb 13; 268:113957. Numis AL, Glass HC, Comstock BA, Gonzalez F, Maitre NL, Massey SL, Mayock DE, Mietzsch U, Natarajan N, Sokol GM, Bonifacio S, Van Meurs K, Thomas C, Ahmad K, Heagerty P, Juul SE, Wu YW, Wusthoff CJ. PMID: 38360261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Association of EEG Background and Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Neonates With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy Receiving Hypothermia. Neurology. 2023 Nov 27; 101(22):e2223-e2233. Glass HC, Numis AL, Comstock BA, Gonzalez FF, Mietzsch U, Bonifacio SL, Massey S, Thomas C, Natarajan N, Mayock DE, Sokol GM, Van Meurs KP, Ahmad KA, Maitre N, Heagerty PJ, Juul SE, Wu YW, Wusthoff CJ. PMID: 37816642; PMCID: PMC10727206.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. A quantitative EEG index for the recognition of arterial ischemic stroke in children. Clin Neurophysiol. 2023 12; 156:113-124. Caffarelli M, Karukonda V, Aghaeeaval M, McQuillen PS, Numis AL, Mackay MT, Press CA, Wintermark M, Fox CK, Amorim E, SIPS Investigators. PMID: 37918222.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Neonatal brain MRI and short-term outcomes after acute provoked seizures. J Perinatol. 2023 11; 43(11):1392-1397. Li Y, Scheffler A, Barkovich AJ, Chang T, Chu CJ, Massey SL, Abend NS, Lemmon ME, Thomas C, Numis A, Franck LS, Rogers E, Callen A, McCulloch CE, Shellhaas RA, Glass HC. PMID: 37454174; PMCID: PMC10615741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Association of High-Dose Erythropoietin With Circulating Biomarkers and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Among Neonates With Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy: A Secondary Analysis of the HEAL Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Jul 03; 6(7):e2322131. Juul SE, Voldal E, Comstock BA, Massaro AN, Bammler TK, Mayock DE, Heagerty PJ, Wu YW, Numis AL, HEAL consortium. PMID: 37418263; PMCID: PMC10329214.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Responsive Neurostimulation in Drug-Resistant Pediatric Epilepsy: Findings From the Epilepsy Surgery Subgroup of the Pediatric Epilepsy Research Consortium. Pediatr Neurol. 2023 06; 143:106-112. Singh RK, Eschbach K, Samanta D, Perry MS, Liu G, Alexander AL, Wong-Kisiel L, Ostendorf A, Tatachar P, Reddy SB, McCormack MJ, Manuel CM, Gonzalez-Giraldo E, Numis AL, Wolf S, Karia S, Karakas C, Olaya J, Shrey D, Auguste KI, Depositario-Cabacar D, PERC Surgery Registry Workgroup. PMID: 37084698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Proceedings of the 14th International Newborn Brain Conference: Neonatal Neurocritical Care, seizures, and continuous aEEG and /or EEG monitoring. J Neonatal Perinatal Med. 2023; 16(s1):S33-S62. Abramsky R, Acun C, Alt J, Aly H, Arad N, Baak LM, Bakalar D, Balasingham T, Bammler T, Benders MJNL, Benitez D, Boni E, Boylan G, Campbell E, Castri P, Chandrashekar P, Chavez-Valdez R, Chen M, Chiodin E, Comstock B, Damien J, Damien J, de Vries LS, de Vries L, Dickman J, Doucette L, Duckworth E, Duckworth E, Echeverria-Palacio C, El Jalbout R, El-Dib M, Elshibiny H, Flock D, Gallagher A, Gasperoni E, Glass H, Harteman JC, Harvey-Jones K, Hazan I, Heagerty P, Inder T, Jantzie L, Juul S, Karnati S, Kute N, Lacaille H, Lange F, Lemmers PMA, Liu W, Llaguno N, Magalhães M, Mambule I, Marandyuk B, Marks K, Martin LJ, Massaro A, Mathieson S, Mathieson S, McCaul MC, Meehan C, Meledin I, Menna E, Menzato F, Mintoft A, Mitra S, Nakimuli A, Nanyunya C, Norris G, Northington FJ, Numis A, O'Reilly JJ, Ortiz S, Padiyar S, Paquette N, Parmeggiani L, Patrizi S, Pavlidis E, Pellegrin S, Penn AA, Petitpas L, Pinchefsky E, Ponta A, Puthuraya JPS, Rais R, Robertson NJ, Rodrigues D, Salandin M, Salzbank J, Sánchez L, Schalij N, Serrano-Tabares C, Shany E, Staffler A, Steggerda S, Tachtsidis I, Tann C, Tataranno ML, Trabatti C, Tremblay J, Tromp S, Tucker K, Turnbill V, Vacher CM, van Bel F, van der Aa NE, Van Meurs K, Van Steenis A, van Wyk L, Vannasing P, Variane G, Verma V, Voldal E, Wagenaar N, Wu Y, Wustoff C. PMID: 37599542.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    8. Risk of seizures in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy receiving hypothermia plus erythropoietin or placebo. Pediatr Res. 2023 07; 94(1):252-259. Glass HC, Wusthoff CJ, Comstock BA, Numis AL, Gonzalez FF, Maitre N, Massey SL, Mayock DE, Mietzsch U, Natarajan N, Sokol GM, Bonifacio SL, Van Meurs KP, Thomas C, Ahmad KA, Heagerty PJ, Juul SE, Wu YW. PMID: 36470964; PMCID: PMC10239788.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Seizure Burden, EEG, and Outcome in Neonates With Acute Intracranial Infections: A Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study. Pediatr Neurol. 2022 12; 137:54-61. Mehta N, Shellhaas RA, McCulloch CE, Chang T, Wusthoff CJ, Abend NS, Lemmon ME, Chu CJ, Massey SL, Franck LS, Thomas C, Soul JS, Rogers E, Numis A, Glass HC. PMID: 36270133.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Inequities in Therapy for Infantile Spasms: A Call to Action. Ann Neurol. 2022 07; 92(1):32-44. Baumer FM, Mytinger JR, Neville K, Briscoe Abath C, Gutierrez CA, Numis AL, Harini C, He Z, Hussain SA, Berg AT, Chu CJ, Gaillard WD, Loddenkemper T, Pasupuleti A, Samanta D, Singh RK, Singhal NS, Wusthoff CJ, Wirrell EC, Yozawitz E, Knupp KG, Shellhaas RA, Grinspan ZM, Pediatric Epilepsy Research Consortium, National Infantile Spasms Consortium. PMID: 35388521; PMCID: PMC9482145.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Neonatal Seizure Management: What Is Timely Treatment and Does It Influence Neurodevelopment? J Pediatr. 2022 04; 243:7-8. Numis AL, Shellhaas RA. PMID: 34896429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Disorders of Neuronal Migration/Organization Convey the Highest Risk of Neonatal Onset Epilepsy Compared With Other Congenital Brain Malformations. Pediatr Neurol. 2022 02; 127:20-27. Simmons R, Martinez AB, Barkovich J, Numis AL, Cilio MR, Glenn OA, Gano D, Rogers EE, Glass HC. PMID: 34933271.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Early-life epilepsy after acute symptomatic neonatal seizures: A prospective multicenter study. Epilepsia. 2021 08; 62(8):1871-1882. Shellhaas RA, Wusthoff CJ, Numis AL, Chu CJ, Massey SL, Abend NS, Soul JS, Chang T, Lemmon ME, Thomas C, McNamara NA, Guillet R, Franck LS, Sturza J, McCulloch CE, Glass HC. PMID: 34212365.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Safety of Early Discontinuation of Antiseizure Medication After Acute Symptomatic Neonatal Seizures. JAMA Neurol. 2021 07 01; 78(7):817-825. Glass HC, Soul JS, Chang T, Wusthoff CJ, Chu CJ, Massey SL, Abend NS, Lemmon M, Thomas C, Numis AL, Guillet R, Sturza J, McNamara NA, Rogers EE, Franck LS, McCulloch CE, Shellhaas RA. PMID: 34028496; PMCID: PMC8145161.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Neonatal presentation of genetic epilepsies: Early differentiation from acute provoked seizures. Epilepsia. 2021 08; 62(8):1907-1920. Cornet MC, Morabito V, Lederer D, Glass HC, Ferrao Santos S, Numis AL, Ferriero DM, Sands TT, Cilio MR. PMID: 34153113.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Seizure and Interictal Electroencephalographic (EEG) Changes with Cannabinoid Concentrate Use. Am J Case Rep. 2021 Apr 18; 22:e931360. Kahan MD, Breithaupt A, Nash K, Numis AL. PMID: 33866321; PMCID: PMC8063765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Whole-exome sequencing with targeted analysis and epilepsy after acute symptomatic neonatal seizures. Pediatr Res. 2022 03; 91(4):896-902. Numis AL, da Gente G, Sherr EH, Glass HC. PMID: 33846556; PMCID: PMC9064802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Comparison of multiplex cytokine assays in a pediatric cohort with epilepsy. Heliyon. 2021 Mar; 7(3):e06445. Numis AL, Fox CH, Lowenstein DJ, Norris PJ, Di Germanio C. PMID: 33748497; PMCID: PMC7966851.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  
    19. Potential induction of epileptic spasms by nonselective voltage-gated sodium channel blockade: Interaction with etiology. Epilepsy Behav. 2021 02; 115:107624. Hussain SA, Heesch J, Weng J, Rajaraman RR, Numis AL, Sankar R. PMID: 33341392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. De Novo Variants in the ATPase Module of MORC2 Cause a Neurodevelopmental Disorder with Growth Retardation and Variable Craniofacial Dysmorphism. Am J Hum Genet. 2020 08 06; 107(2):352-363. Guillen Sacoto MJ, Tchasovnikarova IA, Torti E, Forster C, Andrew EH, Anselm I, Baranano KW, Briere LC, Cohen JS, Craigen WJ, Cytrynbaum C, Ekhilevitch N, Elrick MJ, Fatemi A, Fraser JL, Gallagher RC, Guerin A, Haynes D, High FA, Inglese CN, Kiss C, Koenig MK, Krier J, Lindstrom K, Marble M, Meddaugh H, Moran ES, Morel CF, Mu W, Muller EA, Nance J, Natowicz MR, Numis AL, Ostrem B, Pappas J, Stafstrom CE, Streff H, Sweetser DA, Szybowska M, Undiagnosed Diseases Network, Walker MA, Wang W, Weiss K, Weksberg R, Wheeler PG, Yoon G, Kingston RE, Juusola J. PMID: 32693025; PMCID: PMC7413887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. ECI biocommentary november 2019. Pediatr Res. 2019 11; 86(5):553. Numis A. PMID: 31476760.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Early changes in pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in neonates with encephalopathy are associated with remote epilepsy. Pediatr Res. 2019 11; 86(5):616-621. Numis AL, Foster-Barber A, Deng X, Rogers EE, Barkovich AJ, Ferriero DM, Glass HC. PMID: 31234194; PMCID: PMC6851466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Clinical spectrum of STX1B-related epileptic disorders. Neurology. 2019 03 12; 92(11):e1238-e1249. Wolking S, May P, Mei D, Møller RS, Balestrini S, Helbig KL, Altuzarra CD, Chatron N, Kaiwar C, Stöhr K, Widdess-Walsh P, Mendelsohn BA, Numis A, Cilio MR, Van Paesschen W, Svendsen LL, Oates S, Hughes E, Goyal S, Brown K, Sifuentes Saenz M, Dorn T, Muhle H, Pagnamenta AT, Vavoulis DV, Knight SJL, Taylor JC, Canevini MP, Darra F, Gavrilova RH, Powis Z, Tang S, Marquetand J, Armstrong M, McHale D, Klee EW, Kluger GJ, Lowenstein DH, Weckhuysen S, Pal DK, Helbig I, Guerrini R, Thomas RH, Rees MI, Lesca G, Sisodiya SM, Weber YG, Lal D, Marini C, Lerche H, Schubert J. PMID: 30737342; PMCID: PMC6511102.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Lack of response to quinidine in KCNT1-related neonatal epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2018 10; 59(10):1889-1898. Numis AL, Nair U, Datta AN, Sands TT, Oldham MS, Patel A, Li M, Gazina E, Petrou S, Cilio MR. PMID: 30182418.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    25. Outcomes After Acute Symptomatic Seizures in Children Admitted to a Neonatal Neurocritical Care Service. Pediatr Neurol. 2018 07; 84:39-45. Glass HC, Numis AL, Gano D, Bali V, Rogers EE. PMID: 29886041.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Responsive neurostimulation for treatment of pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav Case Rep. 2018; 10:21-24. Singhal NS, Numis AL, Lee MB, Chang EF, Sullivan JE, Auguste KI, Rao VR. PMID: 30013930; PMCID: PMC6019859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15  
    27. Population-based study of ischemic stroke risk after trauma in children and young adults. Neurology. 2017 Dec 05; 89(23):2310-2316. Fox CK, Hills NK, Vinson DR, Numis AL, Dicker RA, Sidney S, Fullerton HJ. PMID: 29117963; PMCID: PMC5719927.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. AR2, a novel automatic artifact reduction software method for ictal EEG interpretation: Validation and comparison of performance with commercially available software. F1000Res. 2017; 6:30. Weiss SA, Asadi-Pooya AA, Vangala S, Moy S, Wyeth DH, Orosz I, Gibbs M, Schrader L, Lerner J, Cheng CK, Chang E, Rajaraman R, Keselman I, Churchman P, Bower-Baca C, Numis AL, Ho MG, Rao L, Bhat A, Suski J, Asadollahi M, Ambrose T, Fernandez A, Nei M, Skidmore C, Mintzer S, Eliashiv DS, Mathern GW, Nuwer MR, Sperling M, Engel J, Stern JM. PMID: 28491280; PMCID: PMC5399961.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    29. WONOEP appraisal: Biomarkers of epilepsy-associated comorbidities. Epilepsia. 2017 03; 58(3):331-342. Ravizza T, Onat FY, Brooks-Kayal AR, Depaulis A, Galanopoulou AS, Mazarati A, Numis AL, Sankar R, Friedman A. PMID: 28035782; PMCID: PMC6582945.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    30. Cerebral palsy research funding from the National Institutes of Health, 2001 to 2013. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2015 Oct; 57(10):936-41. Wu YW, Mehravari AS, Numis AL, Gross P. PMID: 25951080.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Early and effective treatment of KCNQ2 encephalopathy. Epilepsia. 2015 May; 56(5):685-91. Pisano T, Numis AL, Heavin SB, Weckhuysen S, Angriman M, Suls A, Podesta B, Thibert RL, Shapiro KA, Guerrini R, Scheffer IE, Marini C, Cilio MR. PMID: 25880994.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 70     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Arterial ischemic stroke in children: risk factors and etiologies. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2014 Jan; 14(1):422. Numis AL, Fox CK. PMID: 24384876; PMCID: PMC3954544.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. KCNQ2 encephalopathy: delineation of the electroclinical phenotype and treatment response. Neurology. 2014 Jan 28; 82(4):368-70. Numis AL, Angriman M, Sullivan JE, Lewis AJ, Striano P, Nabbout R, Cilio MR. PMID: 24371303; PMCID: PMC3929196.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Intraoperative rerupture during surgical treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is not associated with an increased risk of vasospasm. J Neurosurg. 2014 Feb; 120(2):409-14. Sheth SA, Hausrath D, Numis AL, Lawton MT, Josephson SA. PMID: 24313615.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia: computed tomographic appearance and follow-up in tuberous sclerosis complex. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2012 Sep-Oct; 36(5):518-22. Muzykewicz DA, Black ME, Muse V, Numis AL, Rajagopal J, Thiele EA, Sharma A. PMID: 22992599.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. The relationship of ketosis and growth to the efficacy of the ketogenic diet in infantile spasms. Epilepsy Res. 2011 Sep; 96(1-2):172-5. Numis AL, Yellen MB, Chu-Shore CJ, Pfeifer HH, Thiele EA. PMID: 21700429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Identification of risk factors for autism spectrum disorders in tuberous sclerosis complex. Neurology. 2011 Mar 15; 76(11):981-7. Numis AL, Major P, Montenegro MA, Muzykewicz DA, Pulsifer MB, Thiele EA. PMID: 21403110; PMCID: PMC3271577.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 90     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Characterizing sleep disorders of adults with tuberous sclerosis complex: a questionnaire-based study and review. Epilepsy Behav. 2011 Jan; 20(1):68-74. van Eeghen AM, Numis AI, Staley BA, Therrien SE, Thibert RL, Thiele EA. PMID: 21130696; PMCID: PMC3439194.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. TSC1 and TSC2 mutations in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis and tuberous sclerosis complex. J Med Genet. 2009 Jul; 46(7):465-8. Muzykewicz DA, Sharma A, Muse V, Numis AL, Rajagopal J, Thiele EA. PMID: 19419980.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Role of mutational analysis in diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis complex. Clin Genet. 2009 Mar; 75(3):282-5. Vail EA, Rakowski SK, Numis AL, Thiele EA. PMID: 19250385.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. The role of membrane and vesicular monoamine transporters in the neurotoxic and hypothermic effects of 1-methyl-4-(2'-aminophenyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (2'-NH(2)-MPTP). Mol Pharmacol. 2004 Sep; 66(3):718-27. Numis AL, Unger EL, Sheridan DL, Chisnell AC, Andrews AM. PMID: 15322265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Late onset loss of hippocampal 5-HT and NE is accompanied by increases in BDNF protein expression in mice co-expressing mutant APP and PS1. Neurobiol Dis. 2004 Aug; 16(3):572-80. Szapacs ME, Numis AL, Andrews AM. PMID: 15262269.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
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