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Amy Padula, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Ob/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone--
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-1435-4814 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, BerkeleyPhD2010Epidemiology
    University of PennsylvaniaMSc2001Anthropology
    University of PennsylvaniaBA2000Anthropology

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Her research has been on the effects of ambient air pollution during pregnancy on adverse birth outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight and birth defects. The projects have expanded to evaluate social factors including neighborhood socioeconomic status and acculturation and comorbidities including diabetes and hypertension during pregnancy. More recently, she investigated interactions between biotransformation enzymes gene variants and air pollution and risk of congenital anomalies. She is a co-investigator of the NIH’s Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) study at UCSF. This study is currently recruiting pregnant women to examine the relationship between endocrine disrupting chemicals and psychosocial stress during pregnancy and their effects on adverse birth and child health outcomes. Dr. Padula has an K99/R00 Transition to Independence Award from the National Institute of Environmental Health Science and was recently awarded an R03 grant to investigate cumulative environmental, social and biological factors and disparities in preterm birth in California. In 2017, she was named one of the 20 Pioneers under 40 in Environmental Public Health by the Collaborative on Health and the Environment.

    Collapse Research 
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    Wildfires and intentional biomass burning in California and Preterm Birth
    NIH/NIEHS R01ES031261Jun 18, 2020 - Mar 31, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Environmental, Social and Biological Factors and Disparities in Preterm Birth
    NIH/NIEHS R03ES028368Apr 1, 2018 - Mar 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cumulative Effects of Prenatal Stress and Chemical Exposures on Child Development
    NIH UG3OD023272Sep 21, 2016 - Aug 31, 2018
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Social Disparities in NICU Care
    NIH R01HD084667Apr 1, 2016 - Jan 31, 2020
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Traffic-related Air Pollution, Social Factors and Adverse Birth Outcomes
    NIH R00ES021470Apr 1, 2016 - Mar 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Relationships between psychosocial stressors among pregnant women in San Francisco: A path analysis. PLoS One. 2020; 15(6):e0234579. Eick SM, Goin DE, Izano MA, Cushing L, DeMicco E, Padula AM, Woodruff TJ, Morello-Frosch R. PMID: 32530956.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Oil and gas production and spontaneous preterm birth in the San Joaquin Valley, CA: A case-control study. Environ Epidemiol. 2020 Aug; 4(4):e099. Gonzalez DJX, Sherris AR, Yang W, Stevenson DK, Padula AM, Baiocchi M, Burke M, Cullen MR, Shaw GM. PMID: 32832838.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    3. Combined Impacts of Prenatal Environmental Exposures and Psychosocial Stress on Offspring Health: Air Pollution and Metals. Curr Environ Health Rep. 2020 Jun; 7(2):89-100. Padula AM, Rivera-Núñez Z, Barrett ES. PMID: 32347455.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    4. Multilevel social factors and NICU quality of care in California. J Perinatol. 2020 Mar 10. Padula AM, Shariff-Marco S, Yang J, Jain J, Liu J, Conroy SM, Carmichael SL, Gomez SL, Phibbs C, Oehlert J, Gould JB, Profit J. PMID: 32157221.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Joint Impact of Synthetic Chemical and Non-chemical Stressors on Children's Health. Curr Environ Health Rep. 2019 12; 6(4):225-235. Barrett ES, Padula AM. PMID: 31637664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    6. A review of maternal prenatal exposures to environmental chemicals and psychosocial stressors-implications for research on perinatal outcomes in the ECHO program. J Perinatol. 2020 01; 40(1):10-24. Padula AM, Monk C, Brennan PA, Borders A, Barrett ES, McEvoy CT, Foss S, Desai P, Alshawabkeh A, Wurth R, Salafia C, Fichorova R, Varshavsky J, Kress A, Woodruff TJ, Morello-Frosch R. PMID: 31616048.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    7. Air pollution, maternal hypertensive disorders, and preterm birth. Environmental Epidemiology. 2019 Oct 1; 3(5):e062. Kari A. Weber, Wei Yang, Frederick Lurmann, S. Katharine Hammond, Gary M. Shaw, Amy M. Padula. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    8. Short interpregnancy interval as a risk factor for preterm birth in non-Hispanic Black and White women in California. J Perinatol. 2019 09; 39(9):1175-1181. Lonhart JA, Mayo JA, Padula AM, Wise PH, Stevenson DK, Shaw GM. PMID: 31209276.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Heightened susceptibility: A review of how pregnancy and chemical exposures influence maternal health. Reprod Toxicol. 2020 Mar; 92:14-56. Varshavsky J, Smith A, Wang A, Hom E, Izano M, Huang H, Padula A, Woodruff TJ. PMID: 31055053.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    10. Developing evidence-based recommendations for optimal interpregnancy intervals in high-income countries: protocol for an international cohort study. BMJ Open. 2019 01 29; 9(1):e027941. Marinovich ML, Regan AK, Gissler M, Magnus MC, Håberg SE, Padula AM, Mayo JA, Shaw GM, Ball S, Malacova E, Gebremedhin AT, Nassar N, Marston C, de Klerk N, Betran AP, Pereira GF. PMID: 30700492.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. A Population-Based Matched-Sibling Analysis Estimating the Associations Between First Interpregnancy Interval and Birth Outcomes. Am J Epidemiol. 2019 01 01; 188(1):9-16. Regan AK, Ball SJ, Warren JL, Malacova E, Padula A, Marston C, Nassar N, Stanley F, Leonard H, de Klerk N, Pereira G. PMID: 30188970.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. A machine learning approach to investigate potential risk factors for gastroschisis in California. Birth Defects Res. 2019 03 01; 111(4):212-221. Weber KA, Yang W, Carmichael SL, Padula AM, Shaw GM. PMID: 30588769.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Prenatal exposure to air pollution, maternal diabetes and preterm birth. Environ Res. 2019 03; 170:160-167. Padula AM, Yang W, Lurmann FW, Balmes J, Hammond SK, Shaw GM. PMID: 30579990.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    14. Environmental pollution and social factors as contributors to preterm birth in Fresno County. Environ Health. 2018 08 29; 17(1):70. Padula AM, Huang H, Baer RJ, August LM, Jankowska MM, Jellife-Pawlowski LL, Sirota M, Woodruff TJ. PMID: 30157858.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. Investigation of association between environmental and socioeconomic factors and preterm birth in California. Environ Int. 2018 12; 121(Pt 2):1066-1078. Huang H, Woodruff TJ, Baer RJ, Bangia K, August LM, Jellife-Palowski LL, Padula AM, Sirota M. PMID: 30075861.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    16. Genetic variation in biotransformation enzymes, air pollution exposures, and risk of spina bifida. Am J Med Genet A. 2018 05; 176(5):1055-1090. Padula AM, Yang W, Schultz K, Lurmann F, Hammond SK, Shaw GM. PMID: 29681089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    17. Cumulative Risk and Impact Modeling on Environmental Chemical and Social Stressors. Curr Environ Health Rep. 2018 03; 5(1):88-99. Huang H, Wang A, Morello-Frosch R, Lam J, Sirota M, Padula A, Woodruff TJ. PMID: 29441463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    18. Social disadvantage and the black-white disparity in spontaneous preterm delivery among California births. PLoS One. 2017; 12(8):e0182862. Carmichael SL, Kan P, Padula AM, Rehkopf DH, Oehlert JW, Mayo JA, Weber AM, Wise PH, Shaw GM, Stevenson DK. PMID: 28800643.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Air pollution, neighborhood acculturation factors, and neural tube defects among Hispanic women in California. Birth Defects Res. 2017 Apr 03; 109(6):403-422. Padula AM, Yang W, Carmichael SL, Lurmann F, Balmes J, Hammond SK, Shaw GM. PMID: 28398703.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    20. Gene variants as risk factors for gastroschisis. Am J Med Genet A. 2016 11; 170(11):2788-2802. Padula AM, Yang W, Schultz K, Tom L, Lin B, Carmichael SL, Lammer EJ, Shaw GM. PMID: 27616475.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Environmental influences on reproductive health: the importance of chemical exposures. Fertil Steril. 2016 09 15; 106(4):905-29. Wang A, Padula A, Sirota M, Woodruff TJ. PMID: 27513554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    22. Air Pollution, Neighbourhood Socioeconomic Factors, and Neural Tube Defects in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2015 Nov; 29(6):536-45. Padula AM, Yang W, Carmichael SL, Tager IB, Lurmann F, Hammond SK, Shaw GM. PMID: 26443985.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    23. Role of infant sex in the association between air pollution and preterm birth. Ann Epidemiol. 2015 Nov; 25(11):874-6. Cossi M, Zuta S, Padula AM, Gould JB, Stevenson DK, Shaw GM. PMID: 26475983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    24. Traffic-related air pollution and risk of preterm birth in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Ann Epidemiol. 2014 Dec; 24(12):888-95e4. Padula AM, Mortimer KM, Tager IB, Hammond SK, Lurmann FW, Yang W, Stevenson DK, Shaw GM. PMID: 25453347.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    25. Exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during pregnancy and risk of preterm birth. Environ Res. 2014 Nov; 135:221-6. Padula AM, Noth EM, Hammond SK, Lurmann FW, Yang W, Tager IB, Shaw GM. PMID: 25282280.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    26. Risk factors associated with laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infections in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Oct; 33(10):1027-32. Padula MA, Dewan ML, Shah SS, Padula AM, Srinivasan L, McGowan KL, Mahoney KR, Harris MC. PMID: 24776516.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Residential agricultural pesticide exposures and risk of selected congenital heart defects among offspring in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Environ Res. 2014 Nov; 135:133-8. Carmichael SL, Yang W, Roberts E, Kegley SE, Padula AM, English PB, Lammer EJ, Shaw GM. PMID: 25262086.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    28. Ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and pulmonary function in children. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol. 2015 May; 25(3):295-302. Padula AM, Balmes JR, Eisen EA, Mann J, Noth EM, Lurmann FW, Pratt B, Tager IB, Nadeau K, Hammond SK. PMID: 24938508.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    29. Early pregnancy agricultural pesticide exposures and risk of gastroschisis among offspring in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2014 Sep; 100(9):686-94. Shaw GM, Yang W, Roberts E, Kegley SE, Padula A, English PB, Carmichael SL. PMID: 24910073.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    30. Residential agricultural pesticide exposures and risk of neural tube defects and orofacial clefts among offspring in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Mar 15; 179(6):740-8. Yang W, Carmichael SL, Roberts EM, Kegley SE, Padula AM, English PB, Shaw GM. PMID: 24553680.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    31. Traffic-related air pollution and selected birth defects in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2013 Nov; 97(11):730-5. Padula AM, Tager IB, Carmichael SL, Hammond SK, Yang W, Lurmann FW, Shaw GM. PMID: 24108522.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    32. Ambient air pollution and traffic exposures and congenital heart defects in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2013 Jul; 27(4):329-39. Padula AM, Tager IB, Carmichael SL, Hammond SK, Yang W, Lurmann F, Shaw GM. PMID: 23772934.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. The association of ambient air pollution and traffic exposures with selected congenital anomalies in the San Joaquin Valley of California. Am J Epidemiol. 2013 May 15; 177(10):1074-85. Padula AM, Tager IB, Carmichael SL, Hammond SK, Lurmann F, Shaw GM. PMID: 23538941.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    34. Exposure to traffic-related air pollution during pregnancy and term low birth weight: estimation of causal associations in a semiparametric model. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Nov 01; 176(9):815-24. Padula AM, Mortimer K, Hubbard A, Lurmann F, Jerrett M, Tager IB. PMID: 23045474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    35. Placebo adherence and mortality in the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study. Am J Med. 2012 Aug; 125(8):804-10. Padula AM, Pressman AR, Vittinghoff E, Grady D, Neuhaus J, Ackerson L, Rudd P, Avins AL. PMID: 22840666.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Maternal and neonatal outcomes of elective induction of labor. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep). 2009 Mar; (176):1-257. Caughey AB, Sundaram V, Kaimal AJ, Cheng YW, Gienger A, Little SE, Lee JF, Wong L, Shaffer BL, Tran SH, Padula A, McDonald KM, Long EF, Owens DK, Bravata DM. PMID: 19408970.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Initial experience with a group presentation of study results to research participants. Trials. 2008 Mar 21; 9:16. Avins AL, Bent S, Padula A, Staccone S, Badua E, Goldberg H. PMID: 18355417.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    38. A detailed safety assessment of a saw palmetto extract. Complement Ther Med. 2008 Jun; 16(3):147-54. Avins AL, Bent S, Staccone S, Badua E, Padula A, Goldberg H, Neuhaus J, Hudes E, Shinohara K, Kane C. PMID: 18534327.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    39. Valerian for sleep: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2006 Dec; 119(12):1005-12. Bent S, Padula A, Moore D, Patterson M, Mehling W. PMID: 17145239.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    40. Brief communication: Better ways to question patients about adverse medical events: a randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Feb 21; 144(4):257-61. Bent S, Padula A, Avins AL. PMID: 16490911.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Spontaneous bleeding associated with ginkgo biloba: a case report and systematic review of the literature: a case report and systematic review of the literature. J Gen Intern Med. 2005 Jul; 20(7):657-61. Bent S, Goldberg H, Padula A, Avins AL. PMID: 16050865.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    42. Safety and efficacy of citrus aurantium for weight loss. Am J Cardiol. 2004 Nov 15; 94(10):1359-61. Bent S, Padula A, Neuhaus J. PMID: 15541270.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
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