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Ann Bolger, MD

Title(s)Professor Emeritus, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone628-206-8087
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Liu J, Wang Y, Wen Z, Feng L, Lima APS, Mahadevan VS, Bolger A, Saloner D, Ordovas K. Extending Cardiac Functional Assessment with Respiratory-Resolved 3D Cine MRI. Sci Rep. 2019 Aug 09; 9(1):11563. PMID: 31399608.
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    2. Karlsson LO, Erixon H, Ebbers T, Bolger A, Carlhäll CJ. Post-cardioversion Improvement in LV Function Defined by 4D Flow Patterns and Energetics in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation. Front Physiol. 2019; 10:659. PMID: 31191353.
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    3. Tamis-Holland JE, Jneid H, Reynolds HR, Agewall S, Brilakis ES, Brown TM, Lerman A, Cushman M, Kumbhani DJ, Arslanian-Engoren C, Bolger AF, Beltrame JF. Contemporary Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Myocardial Infarction in the Absence of Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2019 Apr 30; 139(18):e891-e908. PMID: 30913893.
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    4. Bolger AF. Preventing Endocarditis: No Rest for the Worrier. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 Nov 13; 72(20):2455-2456. PMID: 30409565.
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    5. Casas B, Viola F, Cedersund G, Bolger AF, Karlsson M, Carlhäll CJ, Ebbers T. Non-invasive Assessment of Systolic and Diastolic Cardiac Function During Rest and Stress Conditions Using an Integrated Image-Modeling Approach. Front Physiol. 2018; 9:1515. PMID: 30425650.
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    6. Nunes MCP, Beaton A, Acquatella H, Bern C, Bolger AF, Echeverría LE, Dutra WO, Gascon J, Morillo CA, Oliveira-Filho J, Ribeiro ALP, Marin-Neto JA. Chagas Cardiomyopathy: An Update of Current Clinical Knowledge and Management: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2018 Sep 18; 138(12):e169-e209. PMID: 30354432.
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    7. Gaeta S, Dyverfeldt P, Eriksson J, Carlhäll CJ, Ebbers T, Bolger AF. Fixed volume particle trace emission for the analysis of left atrial blood flow using 4D Flow MRI. Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 04; 47:83-88. PMID: 29217489.
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    8. Zajac J, Eriksson J, Alehagen U, Ebbers T, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ. Mechanical dyssynchrony alters left ventricular flow energetics in failing hearts with LBBB: a 4D flow CMR pilot study. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Apr; 34(4):587-596. PMID: 29098524.
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    9. Casas B, Lantz J, Viola F, Cedersund G, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ, Karlsson M, Ebbers T. Bridging the gap between measurements and modelling: a cardiovascular functional avatar. Sci Rep. 2017 07 24; 7(1):6214. PMID: 28740184.
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    10. Eriksson J, Zajac J, Alehagen U, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Left ventricular hemodynamic forces as a marker of mechanical dyssynchrony in heart failure patients with left bundle branch block. Sci Rep. 2017 06 07; 7(1):2971. PMID: 28592851.
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    11. McCrindle BW, Rowley AH, Newburger JW, Burns JC, Bolger AF, Gewitz M, Baker AL, Jackson MA, Takahashi M, Shah PB, Kobayashi T, Wu MH, Saji TT, Pahl E. Diagnosis, Treatment, and Long-Term Management of Kawasaki Disease: A Scientific Statement for Health Professionals From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017 Apr 25; 135(17):e927-e999. PMID: 28356445.
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    12. Wilson WR, Bower TC, Creager MA, Amin-Hanjani S, O'Gara PT, Lockhart PB, Darouiche RO, Ramlawi B, Derdeyn CP, Bolger AF, Levison ME, Taubert KA, Baltimore RS, Baddour LM. Vascular Graft Infections, Mycotic Aneurysms, and Endovascular Infections: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2016 11 15; 134(20):e412-e460. PMID: 27737955.
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    13. Svalbring E, Fredriksson A, Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Ebbers T, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Carlhäll CJ. Altered Diastolic Flow Patterns and Kinetic Energy in Subtle Left Ventricular Remodeling and Dysfunction Detected by 4D Flow MRI. PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0161391. PMID: 27532640.
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    14. Kazi DS, Bolger AF. Caveat Emptor: Antibiotics, Endocarditis, and Statistical Artifacts. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 05 03; 67(17):2088-90. PMID: 27126541.
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    15. Eriksson J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Assessment of left ventricular hemodynamic forces in healthy subjects and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy using 4D flow MRI. Physiol Rep. 2016 Feb; 4(3). PMID: 26841965.
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    16. Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, Fowler VG, Tleyjeh IM, Rybak MJ, Barsic B, Lockhart PB, Gewitz MH, Levison ME, Bolger AF, Steckelberg JM, Baltimore RS, Fink AM, O'Gara P, Taubert KA. Infective Endocarditis in Adults: Diagnosis, Antimicrobial Therapy, and Management of Complications: A Scientific Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 Oct 13; 132(15):1435-86. PMID: 26373316.
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    17. Spinale FG, Bolger AF. Fate Versus Flow: Wall Shear Stress in the Aortopathy Associated With Bicuspid Aortic Valves. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Aug 25; 66(8):901-4. PMID: 26293759.
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    18. Dyverfeldt P, Bissell M, Barker AJ, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ, Ebbers T, Francios CJ, Frydrychowicz A, Geiger J, Giese D, Hope MD, Kilner PJ, Kozerke S, Myerson S, Neubauer S, Wieben O, Markl M. 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance consensus statement. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2015 Aug 10; 17:72. PMID: 26257141.
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    19. Kazi DS, Bolger AF. Infective endocarditis and antibiotic prophylaxis. Lancet. 2015 Aug 08; 386(9993):530. PMID: 26293437.
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    20. Lange DC, Glidden D, Secemsky EA, Ordovas K, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Bolger AF, Hsue PY. Mitral Annular and Coronary Artery Calcification Are Associated with Mortality in HIV-Infected Individuals. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0130592. PMID: 26132465.
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    21. Gewitz MH, Baltimore RS, Tani LY, Sable CA, Shulman ST, Carapetis J, Remenyi B, Taubert KA, Bolger AF, Beerman L, Mayosi BM, Beaton A, Pandian NG, Kaplan EL. Revision of the Jones Criteria for the diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever in the era of Doppler echocardiography: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2015 May 19; 131(20):1806-18. PMID: 25908771.
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    22. Kazi DS, Prabhakaran D, Bolger AF. Rising above the rhetoric: mobile applications and the delivery of cost-effective cardiovascular care in resource-limited settings. Future Cardiol. 2015; 11(1):1-4. PMID: 25606694.
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    23. Eriksson J, Bolger AF, Carlhäll CJ, Ebbers T. Spatial heterogeneity of four-dimensional relative pressure fields in the human left ventricle. Magn Reson Med. 2015 Dec; 74(6):1716-25. PMID: 25427056.
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    24. Zajac J, Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Turbulent kinetic energy in normal and myopathic left ventricles. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2015 Apr; 41(4):1021-9. PMID: 24711057.
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    25. Dubin RF, Beatty AL, Teerlink JR, Schiller NB, Bolger AF, Alokozai D, Peralta CA, Johansen KL. Determinants of hemodialysis-induced segmental wall motion abnormalities. Hemodial Int. 2014 Apr; 18(2):396-405. PMID: 24224868.
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    26. Bolger AF. Challenges in treating prosthetic valve endocarditis. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Sep 09; 173(16):1504-5. PMID: 23857327.
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    27. Wu AHB, Bolger AF, Hollander JE. Growing pains with the use of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Oct 01; 62(14):1250-1251. PMID: 23583241.
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    28. Thygesen K, Alpert JS, Jaffe AS, Simoons ML, Chaitman BR, White HD, Thygesen K, Alpert JS, White HD, Jaffe AS, Katus HA, Apple FS, Lindahl B, Morrow DA, Chaitman BR, Clemmensen PM, Johanson P, Hod H, Underwood R, Bax JJ, Bonow JJ, Pinto F, Gibbons RJ, Fox KA, Atar D, Newby LK, Galvani M, Hamm CW, Uretsky BF, Steg PG, Wijns W, Bassand JP, Menasche P, Ravkilde J, Ohman EM, Antman EM, Wallentin LC, Armstrong PW, Simoons ML, Januzzi JL, Nieminen MS, Gheorghiade M, Filippatos G, Luepker RV, Fortmann SP, Rosamond WD, Levy D, Wood D, Smith SC, Hu D, Lopez-Sendon JL, Robertson RM, Weaver D, Tendera M, Bove AA, Parkhomenko AN, Vasilieva EJ, Mendis S, Bax JJ, Baumgartner H, Ceconi C, Dean V, Deaton C, Fagard R, Funck-Brentano C, Hasdai D, Hoes A, Kirchhof P, Knuuti J, Kolh P, McDonagh T, Moulin C, Popescu BA, Reiner Z, Sechtem U, Sirnes PA, Tendera M, Torbicki A, Vahanian A, Windecker S, Morais J, Aguiar C, Almahmeed W, Arnar DO, Barili F, Bloch KD, Bolger AF, Botker HE, Bozkurt B, Bugiardini R, Cannon C, de Lemos J, Eberli FR, Escobar E, Hlatky M, James S, Kern KB, Moliterno DJ, Mueller C, Neskovic AN, Pieske BM, Schulman SP, Storey RF, Taubert KA, Vranckx P, Wagner DR. Third universal definition of myocardial infarction. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Oct 16; 60(16):1581-98. PMID: 22958960.
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    29. Eriksson J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Four-dimensional blood flow-specific markers of LV dysfunction in dilated cardiomyopathy. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2013 May; 14(5):417-24. PMID: 22879457.
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    30. Hsue PY, Scherzer R, Hunt PW, Schnell A, Bolger AF, Kalapus SC, Maka K, Martin JN, Ganz P, Deeks SG. Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Progression in HIV-Infected Adults Occurs Preferentially at the Carotid Bifurcation and Is Predicted by Inflammation. J Am Heart Assoc. 2012 Apr; 1(2). PMID: 23130122.
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    31. Lockhart PB, Bolger AF, Papapanou PN, Osinbowale O, Trevisan M, Levison ME, Taubert KA, Newburger JW, Gornik HL, Gewitz MH, Wilson WR, Smith SC, Baddour LM. Periodontal disease and atherosclerotic vascular disease: does the evidence support an independent association?: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2012 May 22; 125(20):2520-44. PMID: 22514251.
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    32. Fredriksson AG, Zajac J, Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. 4-D blood flow in the human right ventricle. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Dec; 301(6):H2344-50. PMID: 21926347.
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    33. Hsue PY, Bolger AF, Martin JN. Pulmonary hypertension in HIV-infected individuals. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jul 01; 53(1):96; author reply 96-7. PMID: 21653312.
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    34. Eriksson J, Dyverfeldt P, Engvall J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Carlhäll CJ. Quantification of presystolic blood flow organization and energetics in the human left ventricle. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011 Jun; 300(6):H2135-41. PMID: 21421820.
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    35. Dyverfeldt P, Kvitting JP, Carlhäll CJ, Boano G, Sigfridsson A, Hermansson U, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Ebbers T. Hemodynamic aspects of mitral regurgitation assessed by generalized phase-contrast MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Mar; 33(3):582-8. PMID: 21563241.
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    36. Bolger AF. The special challenge of left-sided endocarditis. Heart. 2011 Jul; 97(14):1117-8. PMID: 21357639.
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    37. Kvitting JP, Dyverfeldt P, Sigfridsson A, Franzén S, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Ebbers T. In vitro assessment of flow patterns and turbulence intensity in prosthetic heart valves using generalized phase-contrast MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2010 May; 31(5):1075-80. PMID: 20432341.
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    38. Kaul S, Bolger AF, Herrington D, Giugliano RP, Eckel RH. Thiazolidinedione drugs and cardiovascular risks: a science advisory from the American Heart Association and American College Of Cardiology Foundation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010 Apr 27; 55(17):1885-94. PMID: 20413044.
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    39. Carlhäll CJ, Bolger A. Passing strange: flow in the failing ventricle. Circ Heart Fail. 2010 Mar; 3(2):326-31. PMID: 20233994.
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    40. Kaul S, Bolger AF, Herrington D, Giugliano RP, Eckel RH. Thiazolidinedione drugs and cardiovascular risks: a science advisory from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology Foundation. Circulation. 2010 Apr 27; 121(16):1868-77. PMID: 20179252.
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    41. Farzaneh-Far R, Bolger AF. Surgical timing in infectious endocarditis: wrestling with the unrandomized. Circulation. 2010 Mar 02; 121(8):960-2. PMID: 20159835.
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    42. Eriksson J, Carlhäll CJ, Dyverfeldt P, Engvall J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T. Semi-automatic quantification of 4D left ventricular blood flow. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2010 Feb 12; 12:9. PMID: 20152026.
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    43. Baddour LM, Epstein AE, Erickson CC, Knight BP, Levison ME, Lockhart PB, Masoudi FA, Okum EJ, Wilson WR, Beerman LB, Bolger AF, Estes NA, Gewitz M, Newburger JW, Schron EB, Taubert KA. Update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010 Jan 26; 121(3):458-77. PMID: 20048212.
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    44. Hsue PY, Hunt PW, Ho JE, Farah HH, Schnell A, Hoh R, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Bolger AF. Impact of HIV infection on diastolic function and left ventricular mass. Circ Heart Fail. 2010 Jan; 3(1):132-9. PMID: 19933410.
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    45. Kvitting JP, Sigfridsson A, Wigström L, Bolger AF, Karlsson M. Analysis of human myocardial dynamics using virtual markers based on magnetic resonance imaging. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2010 Jan; 30(1):23-9. PMID: 19780762.
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    46. Kvitting JP, Dyverfeldt P, Carlhäll CJ, Sigfridsson A, Bolger AF, Ebbers T, Engvall J. [MR allows a unique possibility to see how the blood flow affects the cardiovascular system]. Lakartidningen. 2009 Jul 22-Aug 4; 106(30-31):1901-4. PMID: 19739444.
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    47. Bolger AF. The rationale for the new infective endocarditis guidelines. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2009 Mar; 11(2):101-6. PMID: 19236825.
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    48. Bolger AF. Aortic intramural haematoma. Heart. 2008 Dec; 94(12):1670-4. PMID: 19011143.
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    49. Haraldsson H, Wigström L, Lundberg M, Bolger AF, Engvall J, Ebbers T, Kvitting JP. Improved estimation and visualization of two-dimensional myocardial strain rate using MR velocity mapping. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Sep; 28(3):604-11. PMID: 18777541.
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    50. Dyverfeldt P, Kvitting JP, Sigfridsson A, Engvall J, Bolger AF, Ebbers T. Assessment of fluctuating velocities in disturbed cardiovascular blood flow: in vivo feasibility of generalized phase-contrast MRI. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Sep; 28(3):655-63. PMID: 18777557.
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    51. Jain V, Yang MH, Kovacicova-Lezcano G, Juhle LS, Bolger AF, Winston LG. Infective endocarditis in an urban medical center: association of individual drugs with valvular involvement. J Infect. 2008 Aug; 57(2):132-8. PMID: 18597851.
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    52. Hsue PY, Squires K, Bolger AF, Capili B, Mensah GA, Temesgen Z, Wanke CA, Wohl DA. Screening and assessment of coronary heart disease in HIV-infected patients. Circulation. 2008 Jul 08; 118(2):e41-7. PMID: 18566317.
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    53. Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Baddour LM, Levison M, Bolger A, Cabell CH, Takahashi M, Baltimore RS, Newburger JW, Strom BL, Tani LY, Gerber M, Bonow RO, Pallasch T, Shulman ST, Rowley AH, Burns JC, Ferrieri P, Gardner T, Goff D, Durack DT. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. J Am Dent Assoc. 2008 Jan; 139 Suppl:3S-24S. PMID: 18167394.
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    54. Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Baddour LM, Levison M, Bolger A, Cabell CH, Takahashi M, Baltimore RS, Newburger JW, Strom BL, Tani LY, Gerber M, Bonow RO, Pallasch T, Shulman ST, Rowley AH, Burns JC, Ferrieri P, Gardner T, Goff D, Durack DT. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007 Jun; 138(6):739-45, 747-60. PMID: 17545263.
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    55. Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, Lockhart PB, Baddour LM, Levison M, Bolger A, Cabell CH, Takahashi M, Baltimore RS, Newburger JW, Strom BL, Tani LY, Gerber M, Bonow RO, Pallasch T, Shulman ST, Rowley AH, Burns JC, Ferrieri P, Gardner T, Goff D, Durack DT. Prevention of infective endocarditis: guidelines from the American Heart Association: a guideline from the American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Circulation. 2007 Oct 09; 116(15):1736-54. PMID: 17446442.
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    56. Bolger AF, Heiberg E, Karlsson M, Wigström L, Engvall J, Sigfridsson A, Ebbers T, Kvitting JP, Carlhäll CJ, Wranne B. Transit of blood flow through the human left ventricle mapped by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2007; 9(5):741-7. PMID: 17891610.
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    57. Winston LG, Bolger AF. Modern epidemiology, prophylaxis, and diagnosis and therapy for infective endocarditis. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2006 Mar; 8(2):102-8. PMID: 16524536.
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    58. Bolger AF. Do you see what I see? Agreeing to disagree. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Jan 03; 47(1):129-30. PMID: 16386675.
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    59. Baddour LM, Wilson WR, Bayer AS, Fowler VG, Bolger AF, Levison ME, Ferrieri P, Gerber MA, Tani LY, Gewitz MH, Tong DC, Steckelberg JM, Baltimore RS, Shulman ST, Burns JC, Falace DA, Newburger JW, Pallasch TJ, Takahashi M, Taubert KA. Infective endocarditis: diagnosis, antimicrobial therapy, and management of complications: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, and the Councils on Clinical Cardiology, Stroke, and Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, American Heart Association: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Circulation. 2005 Jun 14; 111(23):e394-434. PMID: 15956145.
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    60. Newburger JW, Takahashi M, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Tani LY, Burns JC, Shulman ST, Bolger AF, Ferrieri P, Baltimore RS, Wilson WR, Baddour LM, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Falace DA, Taubert KA. Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of Kawasaki disease: a statement for health professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association. Circulation. 2004 Oct 26; 110(17):2747-71. PMID: 15505111.
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    61. Kvitting JP, Ebbers T, Wigström L, Engvall J, Olin CL, Bolger AF. Flow patterns in the aortic root and the aorta studied with time-resolved, 3-dimensional, phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging: implications for aortic valve-sparing surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2004 Jun; 127(6):1602-7. PMID: 15173713.
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    62. Hsue PY, Lo JC, Franklin A, Bolger AF, Martin JN, Deeks SG, Waters DD. Progression of atherosclerosis as assessed by carotid intima-media thickness in patients with HIV infection. Circulation. 2004 Apr 06; 109(13):1603-8. PMID: 15023877.
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    63. Baddour LM, Bettmann MA, Bolger AF, Epstein AE, Ferrieri P, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Jacobs AK, Levison ME, Newburger JW, Pallasch TJ, Wilson WR, Baltimore RS, Falace DA, Shulman ST, Tani LY, Taubert KA. Nonvalvular cardiovascular device-related infections. Circulation. 2003 Oct 21; 108(16):2015-31. PMID: 14568887.
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    64. Nielsen SL, Timek TA, Green GR, Dagum P, Daughters GT, Hasenkam JM, Bolger AF, Ingels NB, Miller DC. Influence of anterior mitral leaflet second-order chordae tendineae on left ventricular systolic function. Circulation. 2003 Jul 29; 108(4):486-91. PMID: 12860916.
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    65. Webb CL, Jenkins KJ, Karpawich PP, Bolger AF, Donner RM, Allen HD, Barst RJ. Collaborative care for adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2002 May 14; 105(19):2318-23. PMID: 12010916.
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    66. Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Gerber MA, Newburger JW, Dajani AS, Shulman ST, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Taubert KA. Unique features of infective endocarditis in childhood. Pediatrics. 2002 May; 109(5):931-43. PMID: 11986458.
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    67. Ferrieri P, Gewitz MH, Gerber MA, Newburger JW, Dajani AS, Shulman ST, Wilson W, Bolger AF, Bayer A, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Gage TW, Taubert KA. Unique features of infective endocarditis in childhood. Circulation. 2002 Apr 30; 105(17):2115-26. PMID: 11980694.
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    68. Bolger AF. Endocarditis beyond the annulus: eat your heart out. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Apr 03; 39(7):1212-3. PMID: 11923048.
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    69. Hsue PY, Salinas CL, Bolger AF, Benowitz NL, Waters DD. Acute aortic dissection related to crack cocaine. Circulation. 2002 Apr 02; 105(13):1592-5. PMID: 11927528.
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