Anna Leddy, PhD

Title(s)Postdoctoral Scholar, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-6319
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CAPostdoctoral Fellowship2021Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MDPhD2017Social & Behavioral Sciences
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MDMHS2014Social Factors in Health
    University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CAB.A.2009Psychology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    University of California, San Francisco2018  - 2019CFAR Mentored Scientist Research Award
    NIMH2016  - 2017F31 NRSA Pre-Doctoral Fellowship Award
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health  - 2017Doctoral Distinguished Research Award
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health  - 2014Delta Omega Honorary Society
    University of California, Berkeley  - 2009Phi Beta Kappa

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Anna Leddy is postdoctoral fellow in the Traineeships in AIDS Prevention Studies (TAPS) at the University of California, San Francisco. Her research seeks to understand and intervene upon social and structural factors that contribute to HIV and limit engagement along the HIV care continuum. Most of this work is conducted in sub-Saharan Africa and involves vulnerable populations including women, adolescents, and female sex workers. Recently, she has worked on a community mobilization intervention with female sex workers in Tanzania to prevent GBV and improve HIV prevention and engagement in HIV care and treatment. Her research is informed by social and behavioral theory and employs both qualitative and quantitative methods to gain a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics that increase risk for HIV and limit engagement in HIV care and treatment.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Gender-based violence, social cohesion, and engagement in HIV care among female-sex workers in Iringa, Tanzania: A mixed methods approach
    NIH F31MH110303Jul 1, 2016 - Dec 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Mobility for sex work and recent experiences of gender-based violence among female sex workers in Iringa, Tanzania: A longitudinal analysis. PLoS One. 2021; 16(6):e0252728. Hendrickson ZM, Leddy AM, Galai N, Beckham SW, Davis W, Mbwambo JK, Likindikoki S, Kerrigan DL. PMID: 34081739.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Intersections of food insecurity, violence, poor mental health and substance use among US women living with and at risk for HIV: Evidence of a syndemic in need of attention. PLoS One. 2021; 16(5):e0252338. Leddy AM, Zakaras JM, Shieh J, Conroy AA, Ofotokun I, Tien PC, Weiser SD. PMID: 34038490.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Point-of-Care Test for Assessing Tenofovir Adherence: Feasibility and Recommendations from Women in an Oral PrEP Program in Kenya and Their Healthcare Providers. AIDS Behav. 2021 Apr 24. Thuo N, Polay M, Leddy AM, Ngure K, Chatterhee P, Gandhi M, Amico KR. PMID: 33893877.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. Cultural Adaptation of an Intervention to Reduce Hazardous Alcohol Use Among People Living with HIV in Southwestern Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2021 Feb 15. Leddy AM, Hahn JA, Getahun M, Emenyonu NI, Woolf-King SE, Sanyu N, Katusiime A, Fatch R, Chander G, Hutton HE, Muyindike WR, Camlin CS. PMID: 33590322.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Perceived Neighborhood-Level Drivers of Food Insecurity Among Aging Women in the United States: A Qualitative Study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2021 May; 121(5):844-853. Shieh JA, Leddy AM, Whittle HJ, Ofotokun I, Adimora AA, Tien PC, Weiser SD. PMID: 33547033.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. A conceptual model for understanding the rapid COVID-19-related increase in food insecurity and its impact on health and healthcare. Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 11 11; 112(5):1162-1169. Leddy AM, Weiser SD, Palar K, Seligman H. PMID: 32766740.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    7. Exploring the role of social capital in managing food insecurity among older women in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2020 11; 265:113492. Leddy AM, Whittle HJ, Shieh J, Ramirez C, Ofotokun I, Weiser SD. PMID: 33162195.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Bidirectional Violence Is Associated with Poor Engagement in HIV Care and Treatment in Malawian Couples. J Interpers Violence. 2020 Sep 18; 886260520959632. Conroy AA, Leddy AM, Darbes LA, Neilands TB, Mkandawire J, Stephenson R. PMID: 32946327.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    9. Food Insecurity Is Associated With Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Drug Concentrations in Hair Among a Cohort of Women Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2020 09 12; 71(6):1517-1523. Leddy AM, Sheira LA, Tamraz B, Sykes C, Kashuba ADM, Wilson TE, Adedimeji A, Merenstein D, Cohen MH, Wentz EL, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Metsch LR, Turan JM, Bacchetti P, Weiser SD. PMID: 31608363.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    10. Assessing and Addressing Social Determinants of HIV among Female Sex Workers in the Dominican Republic and Tanzania through Community Empowerment-Based Responses. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2020 04; 17(2):88-96. Kerrigan D, Donastorg Y, Barrington C, Perez M, Gomez H, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Mantsios A, Beckham SW, Leddy A, Karver TS, Galai N, Davis WW. PMID: 32072467.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    11. Precarity and health: Theorizing the intersection of multiple material-need insecurities, stigma, and illness among women in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 2020 01; 245:112683. Whittle HJ, Leddy AM, Shieh J, Tien PC, Ofotokun I, Adimora AA, Turan JM, Frongillo EA, Turan B, Weiser SD. PMID: 31760320.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Project Shikamana: Community Empowerment-Based Combination HIV Prevention Significantly Impacts HIV Incidence and Care Continuum Outcomes Among Female Sex Workers in Iringa, Tanzania. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 10 01; 82(2):141-148. Kerrigan D, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Davis W, Mantsios A, Beckham SW, Leddy A, Shembilu C, Mwampashi A, Aboud S, Galai N. PMID: 31513552.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Essential elements of a community empowerment approach to HIV prevention among female sex workers engaged in project Shikamana in Iringa, Tanzania. Cult Health Sex. 2020 04; 22(sup1):111-126. Leddy AM, Mantsios A, Davis W, Muraleetharan O, Shembilu C, Mwampashi A, Beckham SW, Galai N, Likindikoki S, Mbwambo J, Kerrigan D. PMID: 31496423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    
    14. Gender-based violence and engagement in biomedical HIV prevention, care and treatment: a scoping review. BMC Public Health. 2019 Jul 08; 19(1):897. Leddy AM, Weiss E, Yam E, Pulerwitz J. PMID: 31286914.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    15. Poverty stigma is associated with suboptimal HIV care and treatment outcomes among women living with HIV in the United States. AIDS. 2019 07 01; 33(8):1379-1384. Leddy AM, Turan JM, Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Kempf MC, Konkle-Parker D, Wingood G, Tien PC, Wilson TE, Logie CH, Weiser SD, Turan B. PMID: 30870197.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Food Insecurity Is Associated With Inflammation Among Women Living With HIV. J Infect Dis. 2019 01 09; 219(3):429-436. Leddy AM, Roque A, Sheira LA, Frongillo EA, Landay AL, Adedimeji AA, Wilson TE, Merenstein D, Wentz E, Adimora AA, Ofotokun I, Metsch LR, Cohen MH, Tien PC, Turan JM, Turan B, Weiser SD. PMID: 30165648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Community collective efficacy is associated with reduced physical intimate partner violence (IPV) incidence in the rural province of Mpumalanga, South Africa: findings from HPTN 068. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2019 02; 73(2):176-181. Leddy AM, Lippman SA, Neilands TB, Twine R, Ahern J, Gómez-Olivé FX, DeLong SM, MacPhail C, Kahn K, Pettifor AE. PMID: 30455373.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Community Savings Groups, Financial Security, and HIV Risk Among Female Sex Workers in Iringa, Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2018 Nov; 22(11):3742-3750. Mantsios A, Galai N, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Shembilu C, Mwampashi A, Beckham SW, Leddy A, Davis W, Sherman S, Kennedy C, Kerrigan D. PMID: 29478147.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Work-related mobility and experiences of gender-based violence among female sex workers in Iringa, Tanzania: a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from Project Shikamana. BMJ Open. 2018 10 04; 8(9):e022621. Hendrickson ZM, Leddy AM, Galai N, Mbwambo JK, Likindikoki S, Kerrigan DL. PMID: 30287609.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Village community mobilization is associated with reduced HIV incidence in young South African women participating in the HPTN 068 study cohort. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 10; 21 Suppl 7:e25182. Lippman SA, Leddy AM, Neilands TB, Ahern J, MacPhail C, Wagner RG, Peacock D, Twine R, Goin DE, Gómez-Olivé FX, Selin A, Tollman SM, Kahn K, Pettifor A. PMID: 30334377.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    21. Adapting the Risk Environment Framework to Understand Substance Use, Gender-Based Violence, and HIV Risk Behaviors Among Female Sex Workers in Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2018 Oct; 22(10):3296-3306. Leddy AM, Underwood C, Decker MR, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Galai N, Kerrigan D. PMID: 29767818.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. 'You already drank my beer, I can decide anything': using structuration theory to explore the dynamics of alcohol use, gender-based violence and HIV risk among female sex workers in Tanzania. Cult Health Sex. 2018 12; 20(12):1409-1423. Leddy AM, Kerrigan D, Kennedy CE, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Underwood CR. PMID: 29547070.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Structural Approaches Are Building Power: South Africa’s National HIV Response Among Female Sex Workers (1990–2016). Structural Dynamics of HIV. 2018 Jan 1; 4:157-171. Daniel M. Woznica, Anna M. Leddy, Tim Lane. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    24. What motivates serodiscordant couples to prevent HIV transmission within their relationships: findings from a PrEP implementation study in Kenya. Cult Health Sex. 2018 06; 20(6):625-639. Patel RC, Leddy AM, Odoyo J, Anand K, Stanford-Moore G, Wakhungu I, Bukusi EA, Baeten JM, Brown JM. PMID: 28903628.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    25. "If She is Drunk, I Don't Want Her to Take it": Partner Beliefs and Influence on Use of Alcohol and Antiretroviral Therapy in South African Couples. AIDS Behav. 2017 Jul; 21(7):1885-1891. Conroy AA, McKenna SA, Leddy A, Johnson MO, Ngubane T, Darbes LA, van Rooyen H. PMID: 28150121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. 'I told her this is your life': relationship dynamics, partner support and adherence to antiretroviral therapy among South African couples. Cult Health Sex. 2017 Nov; 19(11):1239-1253. Conroy A, Leddy A, Johnson M, Ngubane T, van Rooyen H, Darbes L. PMID: 28398134.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Project Shikamana: Baseline Findings From a Community Empowerment-Based Combination HIV Prevention Trial Among Female Sex Workers in Iringa, Tanzania. . 2017 01 01; 74 Suppl 1:S60-S68. Kerrigan D, Mbwambo J, Likindikoki S, Beckham S, Mwampashi A, Shembilu C, Mantsios A, Leddy A, Davis W, Galai N. PMID: 27930613.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    28. A Novel Safer Conception Counseling Toolkit for the Prevention of HIV: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation in Kisumu, Kenya. AIDS Educ Prev. 2016 12; 28(6):524-538. Brown J, Njoroge B, Akama E, Breitnauer B, Leddy A, Darbes L, Omondi R, Mmeje O. PMID: 27925487.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Perspectives of healthcare providers and HIV-affected individuals and couples during the development of a Safer Conception Counseling Toolkit in Kenya: stigma, fears, and recommendations for the delivery of services. AIDS Care. 2016; 28(6):750-7. Mmeje O, Njoroge B, Akama E, Leddy A, Breitnauer B, Darbes L, Brown J. PMID: 26960581.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Sexual communication self-efficacy, hegemonic masculine norms and condom use among heterosexual couples in South Africa. AIDS Care. 2016; 28(2):228-33. Leddy A, Chakravarty D, Dladla S, de Bruyn G, Darbes L. PMID: 26344386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Community perceptions of childbearing and use of safer conception strategies among HIV-discordant couples in Kisumu, Kenya. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18:19972. Breitnauer BT, Mmeje O, Njoroge B, Darbes LA, Leddy A, Brown J. PMID: 26077644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Is there an association between HIV-1 genital shedding and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3 among women on antiretroviral therapy? J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Jul; 17(3):354-60. Huchko MJ, Woo V, Liegler T, Leddy A, Smith-McCune K, Sawaya GF, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 23486070.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
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