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Betty Smoot, PT

Title(s)Associate Professor, Physical Therapy
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone707-494-8262
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    San Francisco State University Bachelor of Arts, BIology1981
    University of California, San FranciscoPost-Baccalaureate Certificate in Physical Therapy1983
    University of California, San FranciscoDoctorate of Physical Therapy Science (DPTSc)2009
    University of California, San FranciscoMasters of Advanced Studies (MAS) in Clinical Research2015

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Betty Smoot, PT, DPTSc, MAS, is Associate Professor at UCSF with appointments in the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science and the Department of Anatomy. She is a licensed physical therapist with certifications in lymphedema therapy and in exercise training for people with cancer. Dr. Smoot earned her entry-level Physical Therapy degree in 1983, her Doctorate in Physical Therapy Science in 2009, and her Masters of Advanced Studies in Clinical Research in 2015, from UCSF.

    Dr. Smoot's research encompasses two related areas: 1) The effects of breast cancer treatment on physical function and 2) the assessment and treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema. Dr. Smoot received a NIH/UCSF K12 Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women’s Health (BIRCWH) research award and a Foundation for Physical Therapy Magistro Family Foundation Research Grant to study breast cancer-related lymphedema.

    Dr. Smoot is a member of the American Physical Therapy Association, American Association of Anatomists, American College of Sports Medicine, International Association of Lymphologists, and the National Lymphedema Network. Dr. Smoot is on the Medical Advisory Board for Sunflower Wellness, a nonprofit San Francisco based corporation that provides exercise program design, exercise classes, and resources to people living with cancer, and training for fitness professionals. Dr. Smoot and colleague Dr. Jeannette Lee teach "Strength After Breast Cancer," an exercise series for women at risk for or with breast cancer-related lymphedema and have created several online patient resources for the UCSF Lymphedema Education and Prevention Program. Dr. Smoot teaches Human Anatomy to Physical Therapy and Medical Students, and Research Design and Evidence Based Practice to Physical Therapy students in the doctoral program.


    Licenses and Certifications:
    1983 Physical Therapy: California License # 11917
    2001 Certified Health and Fitness Specialist, American College of Sports Medicine
    2008 Certified Cancer Exercise Trainer, American College of Sports Medicine
    2010 Certified Lymphedema Therapist, Norton School of Lymphatic Therapy
    2012 American Association of Anatomists, 2-year Anatomy Training Program

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Mazor M, Paul SM, Chesney MA, Chen LM, Smoot B, Topp K, Conley YP, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Perceived stress is associated with a higher symptom burden in cancer survivors. Cancer. 2019 Sep 10. PMID: 31503333.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Petrovchich I, Kober KM, Wagner L, Paul SM, Abrams G, Chesney MA, Topp K, Smoot B, Schumacher M, Conley YP, Hammer M, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Deleterious Effects of Higher Body Mass Index on Subjective and Objective Measures of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Cancer Survivors. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2019 Aug; 58(2):252-263. PMID: 31047960.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Knisely MR, Conley YP, Smoot B, Paul SM, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Associations Between Catecholaminergic and Serotonergic Genes and Persistent Arm Pain Severity Following Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain. 2019 Sep; 20(9):1100-1111. PMID: 30904518.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kober KM, Olshen A, Conley YP, Schumacher M, Topp K, Smoot B, Mazor M, Chesney M, Hammer M, Paul SM, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Expression of mitochondrial dysfunction-related genes and pathways in paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy in breast cancer survivors. Mol Pain. 2018 Jan-Dec; 14:1744806918816462. PMID: 30426838.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Mazor M, Smoot BJ, Mastick J, Mausisa G, Paul SM, Kober KM, Elboim C, Singh K, Conley YP, Mickevicius G, Field J, Hutchison H, Miaskowski C. Assessment of local tissue water in the arms and trunk of breast cancer survivors with and without upper extremity lymphoedema. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2019 Jan; 39(1):57-64. PMID: 30207039.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Kober KM, Mazor M, Abrams G, Olshen A, Conley YP, Hammer M, Schumacher M, Chesney M, Smoot B, Mastick J, Paul SM, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Phenotypic Characterization of Paclitaxel-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Cancer Survivors. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018 12; 56(6):908-919.e3. PMID: 30172061.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Correll S, Field J, Hutchinson H, Mickevicius G, Fitzsimmons A, Smoot B. RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF THE HALO DIGITAL GONIOMETER FOR SHOULDER RANGE OF MOTION IN HEALTHY SUBJECTS. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2018 Aug; 13(4):707-714. PMID: 30140564.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Mazor M, Cataldo JK, Lee K, Dhruva A, Paul SM, Smoot BJ, Dunn LB, Levine JD, Mastick J, Conley YP, Miaskowski C. Influence of Menopausal Status on the Symptom Experience of Women Before Breast Cancer Surgery. Cancer Nurs. 2018 Jul/Aug; 41(4):265-278. PMID: 28945634.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Bernas M, Thiadens SRJ, Smoot B, Armer JM, Stewart P, Granzow J. Lymphedema following cancer therapy: overview and options. Clin Exp Metastasis. 2018 08; 35(5-6):547-551. PMID: 29774452.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Knisely MR, Conley YP, Kober KM, Smoot B, Paul SM, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Associations Between Catecholaminergic and Serotonergic Genes and Persistent Breast Pain Phenotypes After Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain. 2018 10; 19(10):1130-1146. PMID: 29723560.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Miaskowski C, Paul SM, Mastick J, Abrams G, Topp K, Smoot B, Kober KM, Chesney M, Mazor M, Mausisa G, Schumacher M, Conley YP, Sabes JH, Cheung S, Wallhagen M, Levine JD. Associations Between Perceived Stress and Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy and Otoxicity in Adult Cancer Survivors. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018 07; 56(1):88-97. PMID: 29524582.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Mazor M, Cataldo JK, Lee K, Dhruva A, Cooper B, Paul SM, Topp K, Smoot BJ, Dunn LB, Levine JD, Conley YP, Miaskowski C. Differences in symptom clusters before and twelve months after breast cancer surgery. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2018 Feb; 32:63-72. PMID: 29353634.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Mazor M, Lee K, Dhruva A, Cataldo JK, Paul SM, Melisko M, Smoot BJ, Levine JD, Elboim C, Conley YP, Miaskowksi C. Menopausal-Related Symptoms in Women One Year After Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2018 04; 55(4):1138-1151.e1. PMID: 29221848.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Miaskowski C, Mastick J, Paul SM, Abrams G, Cheung S, Sabes JH, Kober KM, Schumacher M, Conley YP, Topp K, Smoot B, Mausisa G, Mazor M, Wallhagen M, Levine JD. Impact of chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicities on adult cancer survivors' symptom burden and quality of life. J Cancer Surviv. 2018 04; 12(2):234-245. PMID: 29159795.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Miaskowski C, Paul SM, Mastick J, Schumacher M, Conley YP, Smoot B, Abrams G, Kober KM, Cheung S, Henderson-Sabes J, Chesney M, Mazor M, Wallhagen M, Levine JD. Hearing loss and tinnitus in survivors with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2018 Feb; 32:1-11. PMID: 29353626.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Mazor M, Lee JQ, Peled A, Zerzan S, Irwin C, Chesney MA, Serrurier K, Sbitany H, Dhruva A, Sacks D, Smoot B. The Effect of Yoga on Arm Volume, Strength, and Range of Motion in Women at Risk for Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema. J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Feb; 24(2):154-160. PMID: 29064279.
      View in: PubMed
    17. K. Kober, J. Mastick, S. Paul, K. Topp, B. Smoot, G. Abrams, L. Chen, Y. Conley, M. Chesney, K. Bolla, G. Mausisa, M. Azor, M. Wong, M. Schumacher, J. Levine, C. Miaskowski. (431) Characteristics of chemotherapy induced neuropathy (CIN) in cancer survivors who received taxol. 2017 Apr 1; 18(4):s82.
      View in: Publisher Site
    18. Smoot B, Kober KM, Paul SM, Levine JD, Abrams G, Mastick J, Topp K, Conley YP, Miaskowski CA. Potassium Channel Candidate Genes Predict the Development of Secondary Lymphedema Following Breast Cancer Surgery. Nurs Res. 2017 Mar/Apr; 66(2):85-94. PMID: 28252570.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Grace Mausisa, Judy Mastick, Melissa Mazor, Steven M. Paul, Bruce A. Cooper, Betty Smoot, Kimberly Topp, Gary Abrams, Lee-may Chen, Margaret Chesney, Kord Kober, Yvette Conley, Jon Levine, Christine Miaskowski. Subgroups of survivors with distinct aggravating factors associated with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN) in the hands. 2017 Feb 10; 35(5_suppl):157-157.
      View in: Publisher Site
    20. Judy Mastick, Grace Mausisa, Melissa Mazor, Steven M. Paul, Bruce A. Cooper, Betty Smoot, Kimberly Topp, Gary Abrams, Lee-may Chen, Margaret Chesney, Kord Kober, Yvette Conley, Jon Levine, Christine Miaskowski. Subgroups of survivors with distinct aggravating factors associated with chemotherapy-induced neuropathy (CIN) in the feet. 2017 Feb 10; 35(5_suppl):151-151.
      View in: Publisher Site
    21. Abid H, Kober KM, Smoot B, Paul SM, Hammer M, Levine JD, Lee K, Wright F, Cooper BA, Conley YP, Miaskowski C. Common and Distinct Characteristics Associated With Trajectories of Morning and Evening Energy in Oncology Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 05; 53(5):887-900.e2. PMID: 28063861.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Miaskowski C, Mastick J, Paul SM, Topp K, Smoot B, Abrams G, Chen LM, Kober KM, Conley YP, Chesney M, Bolla K, Mausisa G, Mazor M, Wong M, Schumacher M, Levine JD. Chemotherapy-Induced Neuropathy in Cancer Survivors. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 08; 54(2):204-218.e2. PMID: 28063866.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Sarah Zerzan, Betty Smoot, Jeannette Q. Lee, Andrew Lui, Diane D. Allen. The Effect of Bone-Loading Exercise on Bone Mineral Density in Women Following Treatment for Breast Cancer. 2016 Oct 1; 34(4):144-155.
      View in: Publisher Site
    24. Kober KM, Smoot B, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Levine JD, Miaskowski C. Polymorphisms in Cytokine Genes Are Associated With Higher Levels of Fatigue and Lower Levels of Energy in Women After Breast Cancer Surgery. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2016 11; 52(5):695-708.e4. PMID: 27664835.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Smoot B, Paul SM, Aouizerat BE, Dunn L, Elboim C, Schmidt B, Hamolsky D, Levine JD, Abrams G, Mastick J, Topp K, Miaskowski C. Predictors of Altered Upper Extremity Function During the First Year After Breast Cancer Treatment. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2016 09; 95(9):639-55. PMID: 26829093.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Boyd BS, Nee RJ, Smoot B. Safety of lower extremity neurodynamic exercises in adults with diabetes mellitus: a feasibility study. J Man Manip Ther. 2017 Feb; 25(1):30-38. PMID: 28855790.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Smoot B, Cooper BA, Conley Y, Kober K, Levine JD, Mastick J, Topp K, Miaskowski C. Differences in limb volume trajectories after breast cancer treatment. J Cancer Surviv. 2016 08; 10(4):772-82. PMID: 26678895.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Smoot B, Chiavola-Larson L, Lee J, Manibusan H, Allen DD. Effect of low-level laser therapy on pain and swelling in women with breast cancer-related lymphedema: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Cancer Surviv. 2015 Jun; 9(2):287-304. PMID: 25432632.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Chu J, Allen DD, Pawlowsky S, Smoot B. Peripheral response to cervical or thoracic spinal manual therapy: an evidence-based review with meta analysis. J Man Manip Ther. 2014 Nov; 22(4):220-9. PMID: 25395830.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Smoot B, Zerzan S, Krasnoff J, Wong J, Cho M, Dodd M. Upper extremity bioimpedance before and after treadmill testing in women post breast cancer treatment. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2014 Nov; 148(2):445-53. PMID: 25338320.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Smoot B, Paul SM, Aouizerat BE, Elboim C, Levine JD, Abrams G, Hamolsky D, Neuhaus J, Schmidt B, West C, Topp K, Miaskowski C. Side of cancer does not influence limb volumes in women prior to breast cancer surgery. Lymphat Res Biol. 2014 Sep; 12(3):189-93. PMID: 24834791.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Leung G, Baggott C, West C, Elboim C, Paul SM, Cooper BA, Abrams G, Dhruva A, Schmidt BL, Kober K, Merriman JD, Leutwyler H, Neuhaus J, Langford D, Smoot BJ, Aouizerat BE, Miaskowski C. Cytokine candidate genes predict the development of secondary lymphedema following breast cancer surgery. Lymphat Res Biol. 2014 Mar; 12(1):10-22. PMID: 24502445.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Laura ChiavolaLarson, Betty Smoot, Jeanette Jet Lee, Christina Berdoulay, Diane D. Allen. Effect of Laser Therapy on Swelling, Pain, and Range of Motion in Patients with Breast Cancer-related Lymphedema: A Systematic Review & Meta-analysis. 2014 Jan 1; 32(2):33-34.
      View in: Publisher Site
    34. Betty Smoot, Benjamin S. Boyd, Nancy Byl, Marylin Dodd. Mechanosensitivity in the Upper Limb Following Breast Cancer Treatment. 2014 Jan 1; 32(2):32.
      View in: Publisher Site
    35. Smoot B, Boyd BS, Byl N, Dodd M. Mechanosensitivity in the upper extremity following breast cancer treatment. J Hand Ther. 2014 Jan-Mar; 27(1):4-11. PMID: 24084387.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Miaskowski C, Dodd M, Paul SM, West C, Hamolsky D, Abrams G, Cooper BA, Elboim C, Neuhaus J, Schmidt BL, Smoot B, Aouizerat BE. Lymphatic and angiogenic candidate genes predict the development of secondary lymphedema following breast cancer surgery. PLoS One. 2013; 8(4):e60164. PMID: 23613720.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Stephanie Rennke, Lynda Mackin, Margaret Wallhagen, Eunice Tam, Vicki Jue, Betty Smoot, Cindy Lai. GeriWard: An Interprofessional Curriculum for Health Professions Student Teams on Systems-Based Care of the Hospitalized Older Adult. 2013 Jan 1.
      View in: Publisher Site
    38. Smoot B, Johnson M, Duda J J, Krasnoff J, Dodd M. Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Women with and without Lymphedema following Breast Cancer Treatment. Cancer Clin Oncol. 2012 May; 1(1):21-31. PMID: 24058390.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Smoot BJ, Wong JF, Dodd MJ. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of clinical measures of breast cancer-related lymphedema: area under the curve. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011 Apr; 92(4):603-10. PMID: 21440706.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Betty Smoot, Marylin Dodd, Josephine Wong. COMPARISON OF METHODS TO ASSESS BREAST-CANCER-RELATED LYMPHEDEMA. 2011 Jan 1; 29(1):27.
      View in: Publisher Site
    41. Smoot B, Wong J, Cooper B, Wanek L, Topp K, Byl N, Dodd M. Upper extremity impairments in women with or without lymphedema following breast cancer treatment. J Cancer Surviv. 2010 Jun; 4(2):167-78. PMID: 20373044.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Smoot BJ, Wampler MA, Topp KS.Breast cancer treatment and complications. Rehabilitation Oncology. 2009; 27:16-26.
    43. Betty Smoot, Meredith Wampler, Kimberly S. Topp. Breast Cancer Treatments and Complications: Implications for Rehabilitation. 2009 Jan 1; 27(3):16-26.
      View in: Publisher Site
    44. B. Smoot, N. Byl, J. Wong, M. Cho, M. J. Dodd. The Effect of Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema on Upper Extremity Function. 2009 Jan 1; 27(1):26.
      View in: Publisher Site
    45. Rennke S, Mackin L, Wallhagen M, Tam E, Jue V, Smoot B, Lai C.GeriWard: An Interprofessional Curriculum for Health Professions Student Teams on Systems-Based Care of the Hospitalized Older Adult. MedEdPORTAL; 2013. Available from: www.mededportal.org/publication/9533.