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David Vlahov, RN, PhD, FAAN

TitleProfessor Emeritus
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentCommunity Health Systems
Address2 Koret Way
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Other Positions
    TitleProfessor, School of Nursing


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Johns Hopkins School of Public Health and HygienePh.D.1988Epidemiology
    University of MarylandMS1980Nursing
    University of MarylandBSN1977Nursing
    Earlham CollegeBA1974History
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Johns Hopkins University2015Society of Scholars
    National Academy of Medicine2011Member

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Vlahov is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, San Francisco School of Nursing after serving five years as Dean. He served on the faculty as Professor of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins and Columbia Universities, and was Adjunct Professor in Medical Schools at Cornell, Mount Sinai and New York University and the College of Nursing at New York University. He has also served as co-Director of the National Program Office(NPO) for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars program and currently, the NPO for the Foundation's Evidence for Action program. He brings research expertise in urban health, epidemiology, infectious diseases, substance abuse and mental health. Dr. Vlahov conducted studies of urban populations in Baltimore for over 20 years including several longitudinal cohort studies for which he received the NIH MERIT Award. More recently, Dr. Vlahov led epidemiologic studies in Harlem and the Bronx, which have served as a platform for subsequent individual- and community-level intervention studies and community based participatory research (involving partnerships with residents, community based organizations, academic/ public health departments) to address social determinants of health. This work has contributed information on racial/ethnic disparities in health and approaches to address such disparities. Uniting these interests, Dr. Vlahov became Director of the Center for Urban Epidemiologic Studies at the New York Academy of Medicine He was a Visiting Professor at the Medical School in Belo Horizonte, Brazil to develop their programs in urban health, and has been an expert consultant to the WHO’s Urban Health Center in Kobe, Japan. He served on the New York City Board of Health during the Bloomberg administration. Dr. Vlahov is the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Urban Health, has edited three books on urban health and published over 650 scholarly papers. With colleagues he initiated the International Society for Urban Health (www.isuh.org), serving as its first President. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine (formerly theInstitute of Medicine) and a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing. He has served on the Board of Directors for the American Association of Colleges of Nursing and as a member on the National Advisory Council for Nursing Education and Practice at HRSA.




    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    9th International Conference on Urban Health
    NIH/NIMHD R13MD005789Jul 1, 2010 - Jun 30, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    7th International Conference on Urban Health
    NIH/NIEHS R13ES017205Sep 22, 2008 - Aug 31, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Harlem Community Academic Partnership: Influenza Immunizations
    NIH/NIMHD R24MD002754May 22, 2008 - Jan 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Heroin Cessation and Hiv Risk: A Case-Control Study
    NIH/NIDA R01DA022123Sep 20, 2007 - Jul 31, 2014
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    ICUH - 4th Annual Conference
    NIH/NIDA R13DA020999Sep 30, 2005 - Aug 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The HIV Risk Behavior and the Urban Environment
    NIH/NIDA R01DA018061Feb 15, 2005 - Jan 31, 2011
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Club Drug Use and HIV Risks among Minorities in NYC
    NIH/NIDA R01DA017020Aug 1, 2004 - Jun 30, 2009
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    RAPID VACCINATION OF HARD TO REACH POPULATI0NS
    NIH/NIDA R01DA017004Sep 30, 2003 - Jun 30, 2008
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Mental health in NYC after WTC disaster
    NIH/NIMH R01MH066391Aug 23, 2002 - Jul 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Prevalence/Correlates: Psychological Impact of WTC
    NIH/NIMH R01MH066081Feb 20, 2002 - Jan 31, 2003
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Expanded Syringe Access Program--NY Evaluation
    NIH/NIDA R01DA014219Apr 5, 2001 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator
    EVALUATING SUPERVISED HAART IN LATE STAGE HIV IN IDUS
    NIH/NIDA R01DA012809Sep 1, 2000 - Apr 30, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HEPATITIS C IN NEW IDUS: IMPLICATIONS FOR HIV PREVENTION
    NIH/NIDA R01DA013146Mar 10, 2000 - Feb 28, 2006
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    PREVENTION OF HIV AMONG NEW IDUS AND NON-IDUS IN HARLEM
    NIH/NIDA R01DA012801Feb 10, 2000 - Jan 31, 2006
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    HIV/AIDS Nursing Care and Prevention
    NIH/NINR T32NR007081Sep 1, 1995 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    JOHNS HOPKINS SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES--CRC
    NIH U19AI038533Jul 1, 1995 - Jun 30, 2000
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Baltimore Needle Exchange Program Evaluation
    NIH/NIDA R01DA009225Jul 1, 1994 - Mar 31, 2006
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    TUBERCULOSIS AND HIV INFECTION IN IV DRUG USERS
    NIH/NIDA R01DA007061May 15, 1992 - Apr 30, 1997
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Natural History of HIV Infection in Injection Drug Users
    NIH/NIDA R01DA004334Apr 1, 1987 - Nov 30, 2012
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Natural History of HIV Infection in Injection Drug Users
    NIH/NIDA R37DA004334Apr 1, 1987 - Mar 22, 2007
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Thompson LM, Zablotska LB, Chen JL, Jong S, Alkon A, Lee SJ, Vlahov D. Development of Quantitative Research Skills Competencies to Improve Doctor of Philosophy Nursing Student Training. J Nurs Educ. 2018 Aug 01; 57(8):483-488. PMID: 30070673.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Vlahov D. Building the Evidence Base to Prevent Firearm Deaths and Injuries. J Urban Health. 2018 Jun; 95(3):293-294. PMID: 29869318.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Cheung R, Hoffman RS, Vlahov D, Manini AF. Prognostic Utility of Initial Lactate in Patients With Acute Drug Overdose: A Validation Cohort. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 06. PMID: 29628190.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Hojilla JC, Vlahov D, Crouch PC, Dawson-Rose C, Freeborn K, Carrico A. HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Uptake and Retention Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in a Community-Based Sexual Health Clinic. AIDS Behav. 2018 Apr; 22(4):1096-1099. PMID: 29243109.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Hojilla JC, Vlahov D, Glidden DV, Amico KR, Mehrotra M, Hance R, Grant RM, Carrico AW. Skating on thin ice: stimulant use and sub-optimal adherence to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. J Int AIDS Soc. 2018 Mar; 21(3):e25103. PMID: 29577616.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Sebastian JG, Breslin ET, Trautman DE, Cary AH, Rosseter RJ, Vlahov D. Leadership by collaboration: Nursing's bold new vision for academic-practice partnerships. J Prof Nurs. 2018 Mar - Apr; 34(2):110-116. PMID: 29703312.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Hojilla JC, Mehrotra M, Truong HM, Glidden DV, Amico KR, McMahan V, Vlahov D, Chariyalertsak S, Guanira JV, Grant RM. HIV sero disclosure among men who have sex with men and transgender women on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis. AIDS Care. 2018 Apr; 30(4):466-472. PMID: 29082776.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Fox LM, Hoffman RS, Vlahov D, Manini AF. Risk factors for severe respiratory depression from prescription opioid overdose. Addiction. 2018 Jan; 113(1):59-66. PMID: 28646524.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Manini AF, Nair AP, Vedanthan R, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Validation of the Prognostic Utility of the Electrocardiogram for Acute Drug Overdose. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Feb 03; 6(2). PMID: 28159815.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Manini AF, Stimmel B, Hoffman RS, Vlahov D. Utility of Cardiac Troponin to Predict Drug Overdose Mortality. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2016 Oct; 16(4):355-60. PMID: 26541348; PMCID: PMC4970948 [Available on 10/01/17].
    11. Zaurova M, Hoffman RS, Vlahov D, Manini AF. Clinical Effects of Synthetic Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists Compared with Marijuana in Emergency Department Patients with Acute Drug Overdose. J Med Toxicol. 2016 Dec; 12(4):335-340. PMID: 27255136.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Asher AK, Portillo CJ, Cooper BA, Dawson-Rose C, Vlahov D, Page KA. Clinicians' Views of Hepatitis C Virus Treatment Candidacy With Direct-Acting Antiviral Regimens for People Who Inject Drugs. Subst Use Misuse. 2016 Jul 28; 51(9):1218-23. PMID: 27219274.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Santos GM, Coffin P, Santos D, Huffaker S, Matheson T, Euren J, DeMartini A, Rowe C, Hahn JA, Vlahov D, Vittinghoff E, Batki SL. Feasibility, Acceptability, and Tolerability of Targeted Naltrexone for Nondependent Methamphetamine-Using and Binge-Drinking Men Who Have Sex with Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 May 01; 72(1):21-30. PMID: 26674372; PMCID: PMC4837026 [Available on 05/01/17].
    14. Lewis CF, Rivera AV, Crawford ND, Gordon K, White K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Individual and Neighborhood Characteristics Associated with HIV Among Black and Latino Adults Who Use Drugs and Unaware of Their HIV-Positive Status, New York City, 2000-2004. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2016 Dec; 3(4):573-581. PMID: 27294761.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Gottlieb L, Glymour MM, Kersten E, Taing E, Hagan E, Vlahov D, Adler NE. Challenges to an integrated population health research agenda: Targets, scale, tradeoffs and timing. Soc Sci Med. 2016 Feb; 150:279-85. PMID: 26794721.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Vlahov D. A pivotal moment for urban health. Cad Saude Publica. 2015 Nov; 31 Suppl 1:7-8. PMID: 26648352.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Todd CS, Nasir A, Stanekzai MR, Fiekert K, Sipsma HL, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Hepatitis C and HIV incidence and harm reduction program use in a conflict setting: an observational cohort of injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan. Harm Reduct J. 2015 Oct 16; 12:22. PMID: 26472126; PMCID: PMC4608295.
    18. Ompad DC, Benjamin EO, Weiss L, Palamar JJ, Galea S, Wang J, Vlahov D. The CHANGE Study: Methods and Sample Description for a Cross-Sectional Study of Heroin Cessation in New York City. J Urban Health. 2015 Oct; 92(5):955-65. PMID: 26215650; PMCID: PMC4608942 [Available on 10/01/16].
    19. Todd CS, Nasir A, Stanekzai MR, Fiekert K, Sipsma HL, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D. Impact of conflict and displacement on risk behaviours amongst people who inject drugs in Kabul, Afghanistan. Int J Drug Policy. 2016 Jan; 27:173-7. PMID: 26303577.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Genberg BL, Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Kirk GD, Mehta SH. Incarceration and injection drug use in Baltimore, Maryland. Addiction. 2015 Jul; 110(7):1152-9. PMID: 25845621; PMCID: PMC4478154.
    21. Manini AF, Hoffman RS, Stimmel B, Vlahov D. Clinical risk factors for in-hospital adverse cardiovascular events after acute drug overdose. Acad Emerg Med. 2015 May; 22(5):499-507. PMID: 25903997; PMCID: PMC4426077.
    22. Carrico AW, Shoptaw S, Cox C, Stall R, Li X, Ostrow DG, Vlahov D, Plankey MW. Stimulant use and progression to AIDS or mortality after the initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Dec 15; 67(5):508-13. PMID: 25271387; PMCID: PMC4232455.
    23. Frye V, Blaney S, Cerdá M, Vlahov D, Galea S, Ompad DC. Neighborhood characteristics and sexual intimate partner violence against women among low-income, drug-involved New York City residents: results from the IMPACT Studies. Violence Against Women. 2014 Jul; 20(7):799-824. PMID: 25062819; PMCID: PMC4516172.
    24. Weiss L, Gass J, Egan JE, Ompad DC, Trezza C, Vlahov D. Understanding prolonged cessation from heroin use: findings from a community-based sample. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2014 Apr-Jun; 46(2):123-32. PMID: 25052788; PMCID: PMC4112471.
    25. Manini AF, Stimmel B, Vlahov D. Racial susceptibility for QT prolongation in acute drug overdoses. J Electrocardiol. 2014 Mar-Apr; 47(2):244-50. PMID: 24438862; PMCID: PMC3951924.
    26. Cerdá M, Ransome Y, Keyes KM, Koenen KC, Tardiff K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Revisiting the role of the urban environment in substance use: the case of analgesic overdose fatalities. Am J Public Health. 2013 Dec; 103(12):2252-60. PMID: 24134362; PMCID: PMC3828967.
    27. Manini A, Jacobs M, Vlahov D, Hurd Y. On the role of genetic testing for personalized drug overdose management. J Med Toxicol. 2013 Sep; 9(3):294-5. PMID: 23860728; PMCID: PMC3770995.
    28. Genberg BL, Gillespie M, Schuster CR, Johanson CE, Astemborski J, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Mehta SH. Prevalence and correlates of street-obtained buprenorphine use among current and former injectors in Baltimore, Maryland. Addict Behav. 2013 Dec; 38(12):2868-73. PMID: 24018232; PMCID: PMC3805723.
    29. Cook RL, Zhu F, Belnap BH, Weber KM, Cole SR, Vlahov D, Cook JA, Hessol NA, Wilson TE, Plankey M, Howard AA, Sharp GB, Richardson JL, Cohen MH. Alcohol consumption trajectory patterns in adult women with HIV infection. AIDS Behav. 2013 Jun; 17(5):1705-12. PMID: 22836592; PMCID: PMC3534826.
    30. Latkin CA, German D, Vlahov D, Galea S. Neighborhoods and HIV: a social ecological approach to prevention and care. Am Psychol. 2013 May-Jun; 68(4):210-24. PMID: 23688089; PMCID: PMC3717355.
    31. Cerdá M, Ransome Y, Keyes KM, Koenen KC, Tracy M, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Prescription opioid mortality trends in New York City, 1990-2006: examining the emergence of an epidemic. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 01; 132(1-2):53-62. PMID: 23357743; PMCID: PMC3748247.
    32. Fu TC, Westergaard RP, Lau B, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Mehta SH, Kirk GD. Changes in sexual and drug-related risk behavior following antiretroviral therapy initiation among HIV-infected injection drug users. AIDS. 2012 Nov 28; 26(18):2383-91. PMID: 23079804; PMCID: PMC3678983.
    33. Foltin GL, Richmond N, Treiber M, Skomorowsky A, Galea S, Vlahov D, Blaney S, Kusick M, Silverman R, Tunik MG. Pediatric prehospital evaluation of NYC cardiac arrest survival (PHENYCS). Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Sep; 28(9):864-8. PMID: 22929131.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Tunik MG, Richmond N, Treiber M, Skomorowsky A, Galea S, Vlahov D, Blaney S, Kusick M, Silverman R, Foltin GL. Pediatric prehospital evaluation of NYC respiratory arrest survival (PHENYCS). Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Sep; 28(9):859-63. PMID: 22929130.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Ward D, Vlahov D. Commentary on: Meta-analysis and public policy: opportunity for nursing impact. Nurs Outlook. 2012 Sep-Oct; 60(5):302-4. PMID: 23036767.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Ahern J, Cerdá M, Lippman SA, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Navigating non-positivity in neighbourhood studies: an analysis of collective efficacy and violence. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Feb; 67(2):159-65. PMID: 22918895; PMCID: PMC3551615.
    37. Robinson S, Howie-Esquivel J, Vlahov D. Readmission risk factors after hospital discharge among the elderly. Popul Health Manag. 2012 Dec; 15(6):338-51. PMID: 22823255.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Manini AF, Nelson LS, Stimmel B, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in adults following drug overdose. Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Jul; 19(7):843-9. PMID: 22725631; PMCID: PMC3399948.
    39. Vlahov D, Bond KT, Jones KC, Ompad DC. Factors associated with differential uptake of seasonal influenza immunizations among underserved communities during the 2009-2010 influenza season. J Community Health. 2012 Apr; 37(2):282-7. PMID: 21785857; PMCID: PMC3369692.
    40. Nandi A, Prescott MR, Cerdá M, Vlahov D, Tardiff KJ, Galea S. Economic conditions and suicide rates in New York City. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Mar 15; 175(6):527-35. PMID: 22362583; PMCID: PMC3299418.
    41. Kessler DA, Ortiz C, Grima K, Vlahov D, Nandi V, Jones R, Hillyer CD, Shaz BH. Cardiovascular disease risk assessment and prevention in blood donors. Transfusion. 2012 Oct; 52(10):2174-82. PMID: 22320854.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Goston JL, Caiaffa WT, de Souza Andrade AC, Vlahov D. Health behaviors and occupational stress of Brazilian civil servants living in an urban center. Am J Ind Med. 2013 Jan; 56(1):49-57. PMID: 22228199.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Kopp JB, Nelson GW, Sampath K, Johnson RC, Genovese G, An P, Friedman D, Briggs W, Dart R, Korbet S, Mokrzycki MH, Kimmel PL, Limou S, Ahuja TS, Berns JS, Fryc J, Simon EE, Smith MC, Trachtman H, Michel DM, Schelling JR, Vlahov D, Pollak M, Winkler CA. APOL1 genetic variants in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and HIV-associated nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Nov; 22(11):2129-37. PMID: 21997394; PMCID: PMC3231787.
    44. Friel S, Vlahov D, Buckley RM. No data, no problem, no action: addressing urban health inequity in the 21st century. J Urban Health. 2011 Oct; 88(5):858-9. PMID: 21956281; PMCID: PMC3191207.
    45. Vlahov D, Agarwal SR, Buckley RM, Caiaffa WT, Corvalan CF, Ezeh AC, Finkelstein R, Friel S, Harpham T, Hossain M, de Faria Leao B, Mboup G, Montgomery MR, Netherland JC, Ompad DC, Prasad A, Quinn AT, Rothman A, Satterthwaite DE, Stansfield S, Watson VJ. Roundtable on Urban Living Environment Research (RULER). J Urban Health. 2011 Oct; 88(5):793-857. PMID: 21910089; PMCID: PMC3191208.
    46. Friel S, Akerman M, Hancock T, Kumaresan J, Marmot M, Melin T, Vlahov D. Addressing the social and environmental determinants of urban health equity: evidence for action and a research agenda. J Urban Health. 2011 Oct; 88(5):860-74. PMID: 21877255; PMCID: PMC3191214.
    47. Factor SH, Sackoff JE, Raj-Singh S, Wu Y, Monserrate J, Munsiff S, Vlahov D. Street-outreach improves detection but not referral for drug users with latent tuberculosis, New York City. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(14):1711-5. PMID: 21943282.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Todd CS, Nasir A, Stanekzai MR, Fiekert K, Rasuli MZ, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Prevalence and correlates of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C infection and harm reduction program use among male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional assessment. Harm Reduct J. 2011 Aug 25; 8:22. PMID: 21867518; PMCID: PMC3180253.
    49. Ompad DC, Nandi V, Cerdá M, Crawford N, Galea S, Vlahov D. Beyond income: material resources among drug users in economically-disadvantaged New York City neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Jan 01; 120(1-3):127-34. PMID: 21835561; PMCID: PMC3225725.
    50. Friedland G, Vlahov D. Integration of buprenorphine for substance-abuse treatment by HIV care providers. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Mar 01; 56 Suppl 1:S1-2. PMID: 21317588.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Mehta SH, Astemborski J, Kirk GD, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Thomas DL. Changes in blood-borne infection risk among injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 2011 Mar 01; 203(5):587-94. PMID: 21282191; PMCID: PMC3072736.
    52. Ompad DC, Friedman SR, Hwahng SJ, Nandi V, Fuller CM, Vlahov D. HIV risk behaviors among young drug using women who have sex with women (WSWs) in New York City. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(2-3):274-84. PMID: 21303247.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Frye V, Ompad D, Chan C, Koblin B, Galea S, Vlahov D. Intimate partner violence perpetration and condom use-related factors: associations with heterosexual men's consistent condom use. AIDS Behav. 2011 Jan; 15(1):153-62. PMID: 20069447; PMCID: PMC4423735.
    54. Vlahov D, Ompad DC, Fuller CM, Nandi V. Comparison of HIV risk by duration of injection drug use. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(2-3):181-91. PMID: 21303238.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Crawford ND, Vlahov D. Progress in HIV reduction and prevention among injection and noninjection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Dec; 55 Suppl 2:S84-7. PMID: 21406993; PMCID: PMC3298118.
    56. Freudenberg N, Ramaswamy M, Daniels J, Crum M, Ompad DC, Vlahov D. Reducing drug use, human immunodeficiency virus risk, and recidivism among young men leaving jail: evaluation of the REAL MEN re-entry program. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Nov; 47(5):448-55. PMID: 20970079; PMCID: PMC2963792.
    57. Bohnert AS, Nandi A, Tracy M, Cerdá M, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Policing and risk of overdose mortality in urban neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Jan 01; 113(1):62-8. PMID: 20727684; PMCID: PMC3008306.
    58. Yanik EL, Lucas GM, Vlahov D, Kirk GD, Mehta SH. HIV and proteinuria in an injection drug user population. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Oct; 5(10):1836-43. PMID: 20705967; PMCID: PMC2974385.
    59. Manini AF, Kumar A, Olsen D, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Utility of serum lactate to predict drug-overdose fatality. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2010 Aug; 48(7):730-6. PMID: 20704455; PMCID: PMC4091774.
    60. Manini AF, Nelson LS, Olsen D, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Medical examiner and medical toxicologist agreement on cause of death. Forensic Sci Int. 2011 Mar 20; 206(1-3):71-6. PMID: 20655675; PMCID: PMC4094358.
    61. Vlahov D, Robertson AM, Strathdee SA. Prevention of HIV infection among injection drug users in resource-limited settings. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 May 15; 50 Suppl 3:S114-21. PMID: 20397939; PMCID: PMC3114556.
    62. Cerdá M, Messner SF, Tracy M, Vlahov D, Goldmann E, Tardiff KJ, Galea S. Investigating the effect of social changes on age-specific gun-related homicide rates in New York City during the 1990s. Am J Public Health. 2010 Jun; 100(6):1107-15. PMID: 20395590; PMCID: PMC2866619.
    63. Bohnert AS, Prescott MR, Vlahov D, Tardiff KJ, Galea S. Ambient temperature and risk of death from accidental drug overdose in New York City, 1990-2006. Addiction. 2010 Jun; 105(6):1049-54. PMID: 20219056; PMCID: PMC2898915.
    64. Panchanadeswaran S, Frye V, Nandi V, Galea S, Vlahov D, Ompad D. Intimate partner violence and consistent condom use among drug-using heterosexual women in New York City. Women Health. 2010 Mar; 50(2):107-24. PMID: 20437300; PMCID: PMC2882151.
    65. Nandi A, Glass TA, Cole SR, Chu H, Galea S, Celentano DD, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Latimer WW, Mehta SH. Neighborhood poverty and injection cessation in a sample of injection drug users. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Feb 15; 171(4):391-8. PMID: 20093307; PMCID: PMC2877451.
    66. Mezuk B, Larkin GL, Prescott MR, Tracy M, Vlahov D, Tardiff K, Galea S. The influence of a major disaster on suicide risk in the population. J Trauma Stress. 2009 Dec; 22(6):481-8. PMID: 19902463.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Guerrero-Preston R, Siegel A, Renz J, Vlahov D, Neugut A. HCV infection and cryptogenic cirrhosis are risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma among Latinos in New York City. J Community Health. 2009 Dec; 34(6):500-5. PMID: 19705261.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Nandi A, Tracy M, Beard JR, Vlahov D, Galea S. Patterns and predictors of trajectories of depression after an urban disaster. Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Nov; 19(11):761-70. PMID: 19699656; PMCID: PMC2762481.
    69. Castor D, Vlahov D, Hoover DR, Berkman A, Wu YF, Zeller B, Brechtl J, Hammer SM. The relationship between genotypic sensitivity score and treatment outcomes in late stage HIV disease after supervised HAART. J Med Virol. 2009 Aug; 81(8):1323-35. PMID: 19551816.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Laumbach RJ, Harris G, Kipen HM, Georgopoulos P, Shade P, Isukapalli SS, Efstathiou C, Galea S, Vlahov D, Wartenberg D. Lack of association between estimated World Trade Center plume intensity and respiratory symptoms among New York City residents outside of Lower Manhattan. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Sep 01; 170(5):640-9. PMID: 19622671; PMCID: PMC2732985.
    71. Cerdá M, Tracy M, Messner SF, Vlahov D, Tardiff K, Galea S. Misdemeanor policing, physical disorder, and gun-related homicide: a spatial analytic test of "broken-windows" theory. Epidemiology. 2009 Jul; 20(4):533-41. PMID: 19525689.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Ghebremichael M, Paintsil E, Ickovics JR, Vlahov D, Schuman P, Boland R, Schoenbaum E, Moore J, Zhang H. Longitudinal association of alcohol use with HIV disease progression and psychological health of women with HIV. AIDS Care. 2009 Jul; 21(7):834-41. PMID: 20024739; PMCID: PMC3292857.
    73. Holtzman D, Barry V, Ouellet LJ, Des Jarlais DC, Vlahov D, Golub ET, Hudson SM, Garfein RS. The influence of needle exchange programs on injection risk behaviors and infection with hepatitis C virus among young injection drug users in select cities in the United States, 1994-2004. Prev Med. 2009 Aug; 49(1):68-73. PMID: 19410600.
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    74. Vlahov D, Strathdee S. The bottom line on cash incentives with drug users. Addiction. 2009 May; 104(5):796-7. PMID: 19413791.
      View in: PubMed
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    78. Golub JE, Astemborski J, Ahmed M, Cronin W, Mehta SH, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Chaisson RE. Long-term effectiveness of diagnosing and treating latent tuberculosis infection in a cohort of HIV-infected and at-risk injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Dec 15; 49(5):532-7. PMID: 18989223; PMCID: PMC2637943.
    79. Shardell M, Scharfstein DO, Vlahov D, Galai N. Inference for cumulative incidence functions with informatively coarsened discrete event-time data. Stat Med. 2008 Dec 10; 27(28):5861-79. PMID: 18759370; PMCID: PMC2796438.
    80. Hendrickson SL, Hutcheson HB, Ruiz-Pesini E, Poole JC, Lautenberger J, Sezgin E, Kingsley L, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Donfield S, Wallace DC, O'Brien SJ. Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups influence AIDS progression. AIDS. 2008 Nov 30; 22(18):2429-39. PMID: 19005266.
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    81. Gershon RR, Pearson JM, Nandi V, Vlahov D, Bucciarelli-Prann A, Tracy M, Tardiff K, Galea S. Epidemiology of subway-related fatalities in New York City, 1990-2003. J Safety Res. 2008; 39(6):583-8. PMID: 19064043.
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    83. Mezuk B, Prescott MR, Tardiff K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Suicide in older adults in long-term care: 1990 to 2005. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Nov; 56(11):2107-11. PMID: 19016944.
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    84. Ompad DC, Fuller CM, Chan CA, Frye V, Vlahov D, Galea S. Correlates of illicit methadone use in New York City: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2008 Oct 28; 8:375. PMID: 18957116; PMCID: PMC2588458.
    85. Shardell M, Scharfstein DO, Vlahov D, Galai N. Sensitivity analysis using elicited expert information for inference with coarsened data: illustration of censored discrete event times in the AIDS Link to Intravenous Experience (ALIVE) Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec 15; 168(12):1460-9. PMID: 18952850; PMCID: PMC2732953.
    86. Beard JR, Galea S, Vlahov D. Longitudinal population-based studies of affective disorders: where to from here? BMC Psychiatry. 2008 Sep 23; 8:83. PMID: 18811958; PMCID: PMC2561026.
    87. Kopp JB, Smith MW, Nelson GW, Johnson RC, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Oleksyk T, McKenzie LM, Kajiyama H, Ahuja TS, Berns JS, Briggs W, Cho ME, Dart RA, Kimmel PL, Korbet SM, Michel DM, Mokrzycki MH, Schelling JR, Simon E, Trachtman H, Vlahov D, Winkler CA. MYH9 is a major-effect risk gene for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Nat Genet. 2008 Oct; 40(10):1175-84. PMID: 18794856.
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    88. Frye V, Koblin B, Chin J, Beard J, Blaney S, Halkitis P, Vlahov D, Galea S. Neighborhood-level correlates of consistent condom use among men who have sex with men: a multi-level analysis. AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug; 14(4):974-85. PMID: 18712593; PMCID: PMC4226223.
    89. Cerda M, Vlahov D, Tracy M, Galea S. Alcohol use trajectories among adults in an urban area after a disaster: evidence from a population-based cohort study. Addiction. 2008 Aug; 103(8):1296-307. PMID: 18855819.
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    90. Cook JA, Burke-Miller JK, Cohen MH, Cook RL, Vlahov D, Wilson TE, Golub ET, Schwartz RM, Howard AA, Ponath C, Plankey MW, Levine AM, Levine A, Grey DD. Crack cocaine, disease progression, and mortality in a multicenter cohort of HIV-1 positive women. AIDS. 2008 Jul 11; 22(11):1355-63. PMID: 18580615; PMCID: PMC2645902.
    91. Amon JJ, Garfein RS, Ahdieh-Grant L, Armstrong GL, Ouellet LJ, Latka MH, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Hudson SM, Kerndt P, Des Jarlais D, Williams IT. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection among injection drug users in the United States, 1994-2004. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jun 15; 46(12):1852-8. PMID: 18462109.
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    93. Coady MH, Galea S, Blaney S, Ompad DC, Sisco S, Vlahov D. Project VIVA: a multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul; 98(7):1314-21. PMID: 18511725; PMCID: PMC2424104.
    94. Phillips-Caesar E, Coady MH, Blaney S, Ompad DC, Sisco S, Glidden K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Predictors of influenza vaccination in an urban community during a national shortage. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2008 May; 19(2):611-24. PMID: 18469431.
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    95. Beard JR, Tracy M, Vlahov D, Galea S. Trajectory and socioeconomic predictors of depression in a prospective study of residents of New York City. Ann Epidemiol. 2008 Mar; 18(3):235-43. PMID: 18083544.
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    96. Guerrero-Preston R, Chan C, Vlahov D, Mitchell MK, Johnson SB, Freeman H. Previous cancer screening behavior as predictor of endoscopic colon cancer screening among women aged 50 and over, in NYC 2002. J Community Health. 2008 Feb; 33(1):10-21. PMID: 18080204.
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    97. Ompad DC, Galea S, Marshall G, Fuller CM, Weiss L, Beard JR, Chan C, Edwards V, Vlahov D. Sampling and recruitment in multilevel studies among marginalized urban populations: the IMPACT studies. J Urban Health. 2008 Mar; 85(2):268-80. PMID: 18214686; PMCID: PMC2430116.
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    99. Kapadia F, Vlahov D, Wu Y, Cohen MH, Greenblatt RM, Howard AA, Cook JA, Goparaju L, Golub E, Richardson J, Wilson TE. Impact of drug abuse treatment modalities on adherence to ART/HAART among a cohort of HIV seropositive women. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2008; 34(2):161-70. PMID: 18293232.
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    102. Lucas GM, Mehta SH, Atta MG, Kirk GD, Galai N, Vlahov D, Moore RD. End-stage renal disease and chronic kidney disease in a cohort of African-American HIV-infected and at-risk HIV-seronegative participants followed between 1988 and 2004. AIDS. 2007 Nov 30; 21(18):2435-43. PMID: 18025880.
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    104. Vlahov D, Coady MH, Galea S, Ompad DC, Barondess JA. Pandemic preparedness and hard to reach populations. Am J Disaster Med. 2007 Nov-Dec; 2(6):281-3. PMID: 18297948.
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    105. Bonanno GA, Galea S, Bucciarelli A, Vlahov D. What predicts psychological resilience after disaster? The role of demographics, resources, and life stress. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2007 Oct; 75(5):671-82. PMID: 17907849.
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    106. Gross C, Piper TM, Bucciarelli A, Tardiff K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Suicide tourism in Manhattan, New York City, 1990-2004. J Urban Health. 2007 Nov; 84(6):755-65. PMID: 17885807; PMCID: PMC2232032.
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    109. Vlahov D, Coady MH, Ompad DC, Galea S. Strategies for improving influenza immunization rates among hard-to-reach populations. J Urban Health. 2007 Jul; 84(4):615-31. PMID: 17562184; PMCID: PMC2219560.
    110. Semba RD, Ricketts EP, Mehta S, Netski D, Thomas D, Kirk G, Wu AW, Vlahov D. Effect of micronutrients and iron supplementation on hemoglobin, iron status, and plasma hepatitis C and HIV RNA levels in female injection drug users: a controlled clinical trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Jul 01; 45(3):298-303. PMID: 17414930.
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    113. Weiss L, Ompad D, Galea S, Vlahov D. Defining neighborhood boundaries for urban health research. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Jun; 32(6 Suppl):S154-9. PMID: 17543706; PMCID: PMC2467386.
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    122. Nash D, Chan C, Horowitz D, Vlahov D. Barriers and missed opportunities in breast and cervical cancer screening among women aged 50 and over, New York City, 2002. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2007 Jan-Feb; 16(1):46-56. PMID: 17324096.
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    125. Gershon RR, Sherman M, Mitchell C, Vlahov D, Erwin MJ, Lears MK, Felknor S, Lubelczyk RA, Alter MJ. Prevalence and risk factors for bloodborne exposure and infection in correctional healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Jan; 28(1):24-30. PMID: 17230384.
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    126. Carrieri MP, Amass L, Lucas GM, Vlahov D, Wodak A, Woody GE. Buprenorphine use: the international experience. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Dec 15; 43 Suppl 4:S197-215. PMID: 17109307.
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    129. Absalon J, Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Blaney S, Koblin B, Galea S, Vlahov D. Gender differences in sexual behaviors, sexual partnerships, and HIV among drug users in New York City. AIDS Behav. 2006 Nov; 10(6):707-15. PMID: 16676223.
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    131. Israel BA, Krieger J, Vlahov D, Ciske S, Foley M, Fortin P, Guzman JR, Lichtenstein R, McGranaghan R, Palermo AG, Tang G. Challenges and facilitating factors in sustaining community-based participatory research partnerships: lessons learned from the Detroit, New York City and Seattle Urban Research Centers. J Urban Health. 2006 Nov; 83(6):1022-40. PMID: 17139552; PMCID: PMC3261295.
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    136. Bashirova AA, Bleiber G, Qi Y, Hutcheson H, Yamashita T, Johnson RC, Cheng J, Alter G, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, May M, Maldarelli F, Jacobson L, O'brien SJ, Telenti A, Carrington M. Consistent effects of TSG101 genetic variability on multiple outcomes of exposure to human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Virol. 2006 Jul; 80(14):6757-63. PMID: 16809281; PMCID: PMC1489017.
    137. Bower WA, Culver DH, Castor D, Wu Y, James VN, Zheng H, Hammer S, Kuhnert WL, Williams IT, Bell BP, Vlahov D, Dezzutti CS. Changes in hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral load and interferon-alpha levels in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Jul; 42(3):293-7. PMID: 16763522.
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    139. Ompad DC, Galea S, Vlahov D. Distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups. Epidemiol Rev. 2006; 28:54-70. PMID: 16707648.
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    141. Cofrancesco J, Shah N, Ghanem KG, Dobs AS, Klein RS, Mayer K, Schuman P, Vlahov D, Rompalo AM. The effects of illicit drug use and HIV infection on sex hormone levels in women. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2006 May; 22(5):244-51. PMID: 16785144.
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    147. Washington TA, Galai N, Cohn S, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. The relationship between self-reported sexual orientation and behavior in a sample of middle-aged male injection drug users. Arch Sex Behav. 2006 Feb; 35(1):67-74. PMID: 16502154; PMCID: PMC2749680.
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    149. Miguel-Tobal JJ, Cano-Vindel A, Gonzalez-Ordi H, Iruarrizaga I, Rudenstine S, Vlahov D, Galea S. PTSD and depression after the Madrid March 11 train bombings. J Trauma Stress. 2006 Feb; 19(1):69-80. PMID: 16568454.
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    150. Des Jarlais DC, Galea S, Tracy M, Tross S, Vlahov D. Stigmatization of newly emerging infectious diseases: AIDS and SARS. Am J Public Health. 2006 Mar; 96(3):561-7. PMID: 16449597; PMCID: PMC1470501.
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    152. Lawyer SR, Resnick HS, Galea S, Ahern J, Kilpatrick DG, Vlahov D. Predictors of peritraumatic reactions and PTSD following the September 11th terrorist attacks. Psychiatry. 2006; 69(2):130-41. PMID: 16822192.
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    153. Coffin PO, Blaney S, Fuller C, Vadnai L, Miller S, Vlahov D. Support for buprenorphine and methadone prescription to heroin-dependent patients among New York City physicians. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2006; 32(1):1-6. PMID: 16450639.
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    162. Gao X, Bashirova A, Iversen AK, Phair J, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, Altfeld M, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. AIDS restriction HLA allotypes target distinct intervals of HIV-1 pathogenesis. Nat Med. 2005 Dec; 11(12):1290-2. PMID: 16288280.
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    164. Gershon RR, Mitchell C, Sherman MF, Vlahov D, Lears MK, Felknor S, Lubelczyk RA. Hepatitis B vaccination in correctional health care workers. Am J Infect Control. 2005 Nov; 33(9):510-8. PMID: 16260326.
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    165. Deloria-Knoll M, Steinhoff M, Semba RD, Nelson K, Vlahov D, Meinert CL. Effect of zinc and vitamin A supplementation on antibody responses to a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in HIV-positive injection drug users: a randomized trial. Vaccine. 2006 Mar 06; 24(10):1670-9. PMID: 16256250.
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    168. Novoa RA, Ompad DC, Wu Y, Vlahov D, Galea S. Ecstasy use and its association with sexual behaviors among drug users in New York City. J Community Health. 2005 Oct; 30(5):331-43. PMID: 16175956.
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    169. Galea S, Ahern J, Rudenstine S, Wallace Z, Vlahov D. Urban built environment and depression: a multilevel analysis. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Oct; 59(10):822-7. PMID: 16166352; PMCID: PMC1732922.
    170. Rusch ML, Farzadegan H, Tarwater PM, Safaeian M, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Sexual risk behavior among injection drug users before widespread availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Behav. 2005 Sep; 9(3):289-99. PMID: 16133905.
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    171. Golub ET, Purvis LA, Sapun M, Safaeian M, Beyrer C, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Changes in willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials among HIV-negative injection drug users. AIDS Behav. 2005 Sep; 9(3):301-9. PMID: 16088366.
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    172. Macalino GE, Vlahov D, Dickinson BP, Schwartzapfel B, Rich JD. Community incidence of hepatitis B and C among reincarcerated women. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Oct 01; 41(7):998-1002. PMID: 16142665.
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    173. Kapadia F, Vlahov D, Donahoe RM, Friedland G. The role of substance abuse in HIV disease progression: reconciling differences from laboratory and epidemiologic investigations. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Oct 01; 41(7):1027-34. PMID: 16142670.
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    174. Vlahov D, Galea S. Invited commentary: Considering bias in the assessment of respiratory symptoms among residents of Lower Manhattan following the events of September 11, 2001. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Sep 15; 162(6):508-10; discussion 511-2. PMID: 16093297.
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    175. Miller JR, Piper TM, Ahern J, Tracy M, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Income inequality and risk of suicide in New York City neighborhoods: a multilevel case-control study. Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2005 Aug; 35(4):448-59. PMID: 16178697.
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    176. Pouget ER, Deren S, Fuller CM, Blaney S, McMahon JM, Kang SY, Tortu S, Andia JF, Des Jarlais DC, Vlahov D. Receptive syringe sharing among injection drug users in Harlem and the Bronx during the New York State Expanded Syringe Access Demonstration Program. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Aug 01; 39(4):471-7. PMID: 16010172.
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    177. Milan S, Ickovics J, Vlahov D, Boland R, Schoenbaum E, Schuman P, Moore J. Interpersonal predictors of depression trajectories in women with HIV. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2005 Aug; 73(4):678-88. PMID: 16173855.
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    178. Kapadia F, Cook JA, Cohen MH, Sohler N, Kovacs A, Greenblatt RM, Choudhary I, Vlahov D. The relationship between non-injection drug use behaviors on progression to AIDS and death in a cohort of HIV seropositive women in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy use. Addiction. 2005 Jul; 100(7):990-1002. PMID: 15955015; PMCID: PMC3128378.
    179. Wang C, Vlahov D, Galai N, Cole SR, Bareta J, Pollini R, Mehta SH, Nelson KE, Galea S. The effect of HIV infection on overdose mortality. AIDS. 2005 Jun 10; 19(9):935-42. PMID: 15905674.
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    180. Vlahov D, Galai N, Safaeian M, Galea S, Kirk GD, Lucas GM, Sterling TR. Effectiveness of highly active antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users with late-stage human immunodeficiency virus infection. Am J Epidemiol. 2005 Jun 01; 161(11):999-1012. PMID: 15901620; PMCID: PMC4078731.
    181. Mitchell CS, Gershon RR, Lears MK, Vlahov D, Felknor S, Lubelczyk RA, Sherman MF, Comstock GW. Risk of tuberculosis in correctional healthcare workers. J Occup Environ Med. 2005 Jun; 47(6):580-6. PMID: 15951718.
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    182. Vlahov D, Galea S, Gibble E, Freudenberg N. Perspectives on urban conditions and population health. Cad Saude Publica. 2005 May-Jun; 21(3):949-57. PMID: 15868055.
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    183. Vlahov D, Galea S, Freudenberg N. Toward an urban health advantage. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2005 May-Jun; 11(3):256-8. PMID: 15829840.
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    184. Howe CJ, Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Galea S, Koblin B, Thomas D, Vlahov D. Association of sex, hygiene and drug equipment sharing with hepatitis C virus infection among non-injecting drug users in New York City. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Sep 01; 79(3):389-95. PMID: 16102381.
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    185. Duggal P, Winkler CA, An P, Yu XF, Farzadegan H, O'Brien SJ, Beaty TH, Vlahov D. The effect of RANTES chemokine genetic variants on early HIV-1 plasma RNA among African American injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Apr 15; 38(5):584-9. PMID: 15793370.
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    186. Ompad DC, Ikeda RM, Shah N, Fuller CM, Bailey S, Morse E, Kerndt P, Maslow C, Wu Y, Vlahov D, Garfein R, Strathdee SA. Childhood sexual abuse and age at initiation of injection drug use. Am J Public Health. 2005 Apr; 95(4):703-9. PMID: 15798133; PMCID: PMC1449244.
    187. Fuller CM, Borrell LN, Latkin CA, Galea S, Ompad DC, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D. Effects of race, neighborhood, and social network on age at initiation of injection drug use. Am J Public Health. 2005 Apr; 95(4):689-95. PMID: 15798131; PMCID: PMC1449242.
    188. Lai S, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano D, Tong W, Bartlett JG, Margolick J, Fishman EK. Human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection, cocaine, and coronary calcification. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Mar 28; 165(6):690-5. PMID: 15795348.
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    189. Cox AL, Netski DM, Mosbruger T, Sherman SG, Strathdee S, Ompad D, Vlahov D, Chien D, Shyamala V, Ray SC, Thomas DL. Prospective evaluation of community-acquired acute-phase hepatitis C virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2005 Apr 01; 40(7):951-8. PMID: 15824985.
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    190. Tardiff AK, Wallace Z, Tracy M, Piper TM, Vlahov D, Galea S. Drug and alcohol use as determinants of New York City homicide trends from 1990 to 1998. J Forensic Sci. 2005 Mar; 50(2):470-4. PMID: 15813562.
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    191. Galea S, Freudenberg N, Vlahov D. Cities and population health. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Mar; 60(5):1017-33. PMID: 15589671.
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    192. Galea S, Rudenstine S, Vlahov D. Drug use, misuse, and the urban environment. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2005 Mar; 24(2):127-36. PMID: 16076582.
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    193. Lambert E, Normand J, Stall R, Aral S, Vlahov D. Introduction: new dynamics of HIV risk among drug-using men who have sex with men. J Urban Health. 2005 Mar; 82(1 Suppl 1):i1-8. PMID: 15738326; PMCID: PMC3456167.
    194. Fuller CM, Absalon J, Ompad DC, Nash D, Koblin B, Blaney S, Galea S, Vlahov D. A comparison of HIV seropositive and seronegative young adult heroin- and cocaine-using men who have sex with men in New York City, 2000-2003. J Urban Health. 2005 Mar; 82(1 Suppl 1):i51-61. PMID: 15738320; PMCID: PMC3456162.
    195. Tracy M, Piper TM, Ompad D, Bucciarelli A, Coffin PO, Vlahov D, Galea S. Circumstances of witnessed drug overdose in New York City: implications for intervention. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2005 Aug 01; 79(2):181-90. PMID: 16002027.
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    196. Sterling TR, Pisell-Noland T, Perez JL, Astemborski J, McGriff JR, Nutting L, Hoover DR, Vlahov D, Bollinger RC. Sex-based differences in T lymphocyte responses in HIV-1-seropositive individuals. J Infect Dis. 2005 Mar 15; 191(6):881-5. PMID: 15717262.
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    197. Orloff MS, Iyengar SK, Winkler CA, Goddard KA, Dart RA, Ahuja TS, Mokrzycki M, Briggs WA, Korbet SM, Kimmel PL, Simon EE, Trachtman H, Vlahov D, Michel DM, Berns JS, Smith MC, Schelling JR, Sedor JR, Kopp JB. Variants in the Wilms' tumor gene are associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in the African American population. Physiol Genomics. 2005 Apr 14; 21(2):212-21. PMID: 15687485.
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    198. Freudenberg N, Galea S, Vlahov D. Beyond urban penalty and urban sprawl: back to living conditions as the focus of urban health. J Community Health. 2005 Feb; 30(1):1-11. PMID: 15751595.
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    199. Galai N, Vlahov D, Bareta JC, Wang C, Cohn S, Sterling TR. Prognostic factors for survival differ according to CD4+ cell count among HIV-infected injection drug users: pre-HAART and HAART eras. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Jan 01; 38(1):74-81. PMID: 15608529.
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    200. Smit E, Semba RD, Pilibosian E, Vlahov D, Tun W, Purvis L, Tang AM. Body habitus in a cohort of HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative injection drug users. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2005 Jan; 19(1):19-30. PMID: 15665632.
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    201. Nandi A, Galea S, Ahern J, Vlahov D. Probable cigarette dependence, PTSD, and depression after an urban disaster: results from a population survey of New York City residents 4 months after September 11, 2001. Psychiatry. 2005; 68(4):299-310. PMID: 16599397.
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    202. Ompad DC, Galea S, Fuller CM, Edwards V, Vlahov D. Ecstasy use among Hispanic and black substance users in New York City. Subst Use Misuse. 2005; 40(9-10):1399-407. PMID: 16048824.
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    203. Vlahov D, Ahern J, Vazquez T, Johnson S, Philips LA, Nash D, Mitchell MK, Freeman H. Racial/ethnic differences in screening for colon cancer: report from the New York Cancer Project. Ethn Dis. 2005; 15(1):76-83. PMID: 15720052.
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    204. Galea S, Vlahov D. Urban health: evidence, challenges, and directions. Annu Rev Public Health. 2005; 26:341-65. PMID: 15760293.
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    205. Galea S, Nandi A, Vlahov D. The epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder after disasters. Epidemiol Rev. 2005; 27:78-91. PMID: 15958429.
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    206. Galea S, Sisco S, Vlahov D. Reducing disparities in vaccination rates between different racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups: the potential of community-based multilevel interventions. J Ambul Care Manage. 2005 Jan-Mar; 28(1):49-59. PMID: 15682961.
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    207. Havens JR, Ompad DC, Latkin CA, Fuller CM, Arria AM, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Suicidal ideation among African-American non-injection drug users. Ethn Dis. 2005; 15(1):110-5. PMID: 15720057.
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    208. Golub ET, Bareta JC, Mehta SH, McCall LD, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Correlates of unsafe syringe acquisition and disposal among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Subst Use Misuse. 2005; 40(12):1751-64. PMID: 16419554.
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    209. Martin MP, Lederman MM, Hutcheson HB, Goedert JJ, Nelson GW, van Kooyk Y, Detels R, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. Association of DC-SIGN promoter polymorphism with increased risk for parenteral, but not mucosal, acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. J Virol. 2004 Dec; 78(24):14053-6. PMID: 15564514; PMCID: PMC533922.
    210. Winkler CA, Hendel H, Carrington M, Smith MW, Nelson GW, O'brien SJ, Phair J, Vlahov D, Jacobson LP, Rappaport J, Vasilescu A, Bertin-Maghit S, An P, Lu W, Andrieu JM, Schächter F, Therwath A, Zagury JF. Dominant effects of CCR2-CCR5 haplotypes in HIV-1 disease progression. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Dec 01; 37(4):1534-8. PMID: 15602133.
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    211. Vlahov D, Gibble E, Freudenberg N, Galea S. Cities and health: history, approaches, and key questions. Acad Med. 2004 Dec; 79(12):1133-8. PMID: 15563646.
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    212. Dorrucci M, Valdarchi C, Suligoi B, Zaccarelli M, Sinicco A, Giuliani M, Vlahov D, Pezzotti P, Rezza G. The effect of hepatitis C on progression to AIDS before and after highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2004 Nov 19; 18(17):2313-8. PMID: 15577544.
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    213. Dezzutti CS, Astemborski J, Thomas DL, Marshall JH, Cabrera T, Purdy M, Vlahov D, Garfein RS. Prevalence of cryoglobulinemia in hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. J Clin Virol. 2004 Nov; 31(3):210-4. PMID: 15465414.
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    214. Pilowsky DJ, Zybert PA, Vlahov D. Resilient children of injection drug users. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2004 Nov; 43(11):1372-9. PMID: 15502596.
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    215. Ahern J, Galea S, Fernandez WG, Koci B, Waldman R, Vlahov D. Gender, social support, and posttraumatic stress in postwar Kosovo. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Nov; 192(11):762-70. PMID: 15505520.
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    216. Nandi A, Galea S, Tracy M, Ahern J, Resnick H, Gershon R, Vlahov D. Job loss, unemployment, work stress, job satisfaction, and the persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder one year after the September 11 attacks. J Occup Environ Med. 2004 Oct; 46(10):1057-64. PMID: 15602180.
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    217. Thio CL, Mosbruger TL, Kaslow RA, Karp CL, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Astemborski J, Thomas DL. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 gene and recovery from hepatitis B virus infection. J Virol. 2004 Oct; 78(20):11258-62. PMID: 15452244; PMCID: PMC521829.
    218. An P, Bleiber G, Duggal P, Nelson G, May M, Mangeat B, Alobwede I, Trono D, Vlahov D, Donfield S, Goedert JJ, Phair J, Buchbinder S, O'Brien SJ, Telenti A, Winkler CA. APOBEC3G genetic variants and their influence on the progression to AIDS. J Virol. 2004 Oct; 78(20):11070-6. PMID: 15452227; PMCID: PMC521814.
    219. Galea S, Vlahov D, Tracy M, Hoover DR, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D. Hispanic ethnicity and post-traumatic stress disorder after a disaster: evidence from a general population survey after September 11, 2001. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Sep; 14(8):520-31. PMID: 15350950.
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    220. Vlahov D, Galea S. Epidemiologic research and disasters. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Sep; 14(8):532-4. PMID: 15350951.
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    221. Hamburger ME, Moore J, Koenig LJ, Vlahov D, Schoenbaum EE, Schuman P, Mayer K. Persistence of inconsistent condom use: relation to abuse history and HIV serostatus. AIDS Behav. 2004 Sep; 8(3):333-44. PMID: 15475680.
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    222. Ompad DC, Galea S, Fuller CM, Phelan D, Vlahov D. Club drug use among minority substance users in New York City. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2004 Sep; 36(3):397-9. PMID: 15559686.
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    223. Wang C, Vlahov D, Galai N, Bareta J, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE, Sterling TR. Mortality in HIV-seropositive versus -seronegative persons in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: implications for when to initiate therapy. J Infect Dis. 2004 Sep 15; 190(6):1046-54. PMID: 15319852.
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    224. Becker Buxton M, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Des Jarlais DC, Morse EV, Ouellet L, Kerndt P, Garfein RS. Association between injection practices and duration of injection among recently initiated injection drug users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2004 Aug 16; 75(2):177-83. PMID: 15276223.
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    225. Khakoo SI, Thio CL, Martin MP, Brooks CR, Gao X, Astemborski J, Cheng J, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Hilgartner M, Cox S, Little AM, Alexander GJ, Cramp ME, O'Brien SJ, Rosenberg WM, Thomas DL, Carrington M. HLA and NK cell inhibitory receptor genes in resolving hepatitis C virus infection. Science. 2004 Aug 06; 305(5685):872-4. PMID: 15297676.
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    226. Vlahov D, Wang CL, Galai N, Bareta J, Mehta SH, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE. Mortality risk among new onset injection drug users. Addiction. 2004 Aug; 99(8):946-54. PMID: 15265091.
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    227. Macalino GE, Vlahov D, Sanford-Colby S, Patel S, Sabin K, Salas C, Rich JD. Prevalence and incidence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among males in Rhode Island prisons. Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul; 94(7):1218-23. PMID: 15226146; PMCID: PMC1448424.
    228. Garfein RS, Monterroso ER, Tong TC, Vlahov D, Des Jarlais DC, Selwyn P, Kerndt PR, Word C, Fernando MD, Ouellet LJ, Holmberg SD. Comparison of HIV infection risk behaviors among injection drug users from East and West Coast US cities. J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):260-7. PMID: 15136659; PMCID: PMC3456450.
    229. Vlahov D. Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND). J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):163-4. PMID: 15136648; PMCID: PMC3456441.
    230. Mitchell MK, Gregersen PK, Johnson S, Parsons R, Vlahov D. The New York Cancer Project: rationale, organization, design, and baseline characteristics. J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):301-10. PMID: 15136663; PMCID: PMC3456454.
    231. Nelson BD, Fernandez WG, Galea S, Sisco S, Dierberg K, Gorgieva GS, Nandi AK, Ahern J, Mitrovic M, VanRooyen M, Vlahov D. War-related psychological sequelae among emergency department patients in the former Republic of Yugoslavia. BMC Med. 2004 Jun 01; 2:22. PMID: 15171785; PMCID: PMC425605.
    232. Vlahov D, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Boscarino JA, Gold J, Bucuvalas M, Kilpatrick D. Consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among New York City residents six months after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2004 May; 30(2):385-407. PMID: 15230082.
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    233. Rompalo AM, Shah N, Margolick JB, Farzadegan H, Arnsten J, Schuman P, Rich JD, Gardner LI, Smith DK, Vlahov D. Evaluation of possible effects of continued drug use on HIV progression among women. Int J STD AIDS. 2004 May; 15(5):322-7. PMID: 15117502.
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    234. Sethi AK, Celentano DD, Gange SJ, Gallant JE, Vlahov D, Farzadegan H. High-risk behavior and potential transmission of drug-resistant HIV among injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Apr 15; 35(5):503-10. PMID: 15021315.
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    235. Smith MW, Patterson N, Lautenberger JA, Truelove AL, McDonald GJ, Waliszewska A, Kessing BD, Malasky MJ, Scafe C, Le E, De Jager PL, Mignault AA, Yi Z, De The G, Essex M, Sankale JL, Moore JH, Poku K, Phair JP, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Williams SM, Tishkoff SA, Winkler CA, De La Vega FM, Woodage T, Sninsky JJ, Hafler DA, Altshuler D, Gilbert DA, O'Brien SJ, Reich D. A high-density admixture map for disease gene discovery in african americans. Am J Hum Genet. 2004 May; 74(5):1001-13. PMID: 15088270; PMCID: PMC1181963.
    236. Tun W, Gange SJ, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Celentano DD. Increase in sexual risk behavior associated with immunologic response to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected injection drug users. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Apr 15; 38(8):1167-74. PMID: 15095224.
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    237. Ahern J, Galea S, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Television images and probable posttraumatic stress disorder after September 11: the role of background characteristics, event exposures, and perievent panic. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Mar; 192(3):217-26. PMID: 15091303.
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    238. Vlahov D, Galea S. War and anxiety disorders. Epidemiology. 2004 Mar; 15(2):129-30. PMID: 15127901.
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    239. Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Galea S, Wu Y, Koblin B, Vlahov D. Hepatitis C incidence--a comparison between injection and noninjection drug users in New York City. J Urban Health. 2004 Mar; 81(1):20-4. PMID: 15047780; PMCID: PMC3456148.
    240. Vlahov D, Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Galea S, Des Jarlais DC. Updating the infection risk reduction hierarchy: preventing transition into injection. J Urban Health. 2004 Mar; 81(1):14-9. PMID: 15047779; PMCID: PMC3456135.
    241. Frangakis CE, Brookmeyer RS, Varadhan R, Safaeian M, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Methodology for Evaluating a Partially Controlled Longitudinal Treatment Using Principal Stratification, With Application to a Needle Exchange Program. J Am Stat Assoc. 2004 Mar; 99(465):239-249. PMID: 25705065.
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    242. Boscarino JA, Galea S, Adams RE, Ahern J, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Mental health service and medication use in New York City after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack. Psychiatr Serv. 2004 Mar; 55(3):274-83. PMID: 15001728.
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    243. Vlahov D, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D. Sustained increased consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among Manhattan residents after september 11, 2001. Am J Public Health. 2004 Feb; 94(2):253-4. PMID: 14759935; PMCID: PMC1448236.
    244. Fernandez WG, Galea S, Ahern J, Sisco S, Waldman RJ, Koci B, Vlahov D. Mental health status among ethnic Albanians seeking medical care in an emergency department two years after the war in Kosovo: a pilot project. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Feb; 43(2):E1-8. PMID: 14747823.
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    245. Garten RJ, Lai S, Zhang J, Liu W, Chen J, Vlahov D, Yu XF. Rapid transmission of hepatitis C virus among young injecting heroin users in Southern China. Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Feb; 33(1):182-8. PMID: 15075167.
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    246. Coffin PO, Fuller C, Blaney S, Vadnai L, Miller S, Vlahov D. Syringe distribution to injection drug users for prevention of HIV infection: opinions and practices of health care providers in New York City. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 01; 38(3):438-41. PMID: 14727219.
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    247. Galea S, Nandi A, Vlahov D. The social epidemiology of substance use. Epidemiol Rev. 2004; 26:36-52. PMID: 15234946.
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    248. Fuller CM, Galea S, Blaney S, Ompad DC, Deren S, Des Jarlais D, Vlahov D. Explaining the relationship between race/ethnicity and pharmacy purchased syringes among injection drug users in New York City. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(4):589-96. PMID: 15724781.
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    249. Torbenson M, Kannangai R, Astemborski J, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, Thomas DL. High prevalence of occult hepatitis B in Baltimore injection drug users. Hepatology. 2004 Jan; 39(1):51-7. PMID: 14752822.
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    250. Normand JL, Lambert EY, Vlahov D. Understanding the dynamics of sexual transmission of HIV among drug-using populations: an integration of biological, behavioral, and environmental perspectives. J Urban Health. 2003 Dec; 80(4 Suppl 3):iii1-6. PMID: 14713666; PMCID: PMC3456263.
    251. Galea S, Ahern J, Vlahov D. Contextual determinants of drug use risk behavior: a theoretic framework. J Urban Health. 2003 Dec; 80(4 Suppl 3):iii50-8. PMID: 14713671; PMCID: PMC3456256.
    252. Fagan J, Galea S, Ahern J, Bonner S, Vlahov D. Relationship of self-reported asthma severity and urgent health care utilization to psychological sequelae of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center among New York City area residents. Psychosom Med. 2003 Nov-Dec; 65(6):993-6. PMID: 14645777.
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    253. Vlahov D, Galea S. Urban health: a new discipline. Lancet. 2003 Oct 04; 362(9390):1091-2. PMID: 14550692.
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    254. Rudenstine S, Galea S, Ahern J, Felton C, Vlahov D. Awareness and perceptions of a communitywide mental health program in New York city after September 11. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Oct; 54(10):1404-6. PMID: 14557529.
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    255. Zwahlen M, Vlahov D. Commentary: Modelling and understanding differences in human immunodeficiency and hepatitis C virus epidemiology in injection drug users. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 32(5):715-6. PMID: 14559737.
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    256. Pulcino T, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Foley M, Vlahov D. Posttraumatic stress in women after the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Oct; 12(8):809-20. PMID: 14588131.
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    257. Galea S, Vlahov D, Resnick H, Ahern J, Susser E, Gold J, Bucuvalas M, Kilpatrick D. Trends of probable post-traumatic stress disorder in New York City after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Sep 15; 158(6):514-24. PMID: 12965877.
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    258. Tun W, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Attitudes toward HIV treatments influence unsafe sexual and injection practices among injecting drug users. AIDS. 2003 Sep 05; 17(13):1953-62. PMID: 12960828.
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    259. Mayer KH, Hogan JW, Smith D, Klein RS, Schuman P, Margolick JB, Korkontzelou C, Farzedegan H, Vlahov D, Carpenter CC. Clinical and immunologic progression in HIV-infected US women before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Aug 15; 33(5):614-24. PMID: 12902807.
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    260. Pilowsky DJ, Zybert PA, Hsieh PW, Vlahov D, Susser E. Children of HIV-positive drug-using parents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003 Aug; 42(8):950-6. PMID: 12874497.
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    261. An P, Vlahov D, Margolick JB, Phair J, O'Brien TR, Lautenberger J, O'Brien SJ, Winkler CA. A tumor necrosis factor-alpha-inducible promoter variant of interferon-gamma accelerates CD4+ T cell depletion in human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected individuals. J Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 15; 188(2):228-31. PMID: 12854077.
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    262. Koblin BA, Factor SH, Wu Y, Vlahov D. Hepatitis C virus infection among noninjecting drug users in New York City. J Med Virol. 2003 Jul; 70(3):387-90. PMID: 12767001.
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    263. Coffin PO, Galea S, Ahern J, Leon AC, Vlahov D, Tardiff K. Opiates, cocaine and alcohol combinations in accidental drug overdose deaths in New York City, 1990-98. Addiction. 2003 Jun; 98(6):739-47. PMID: 12780362.
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    264. Coffin PO, Fuller C, Vadnai L, Blaney S, Galea S, Vlahov D. Preliminary evidence of health care provider support for naloxone prescription as overdose fatality prevention strategy in New York City. J Urban Health. 2003 Jun; 80(2):288-90. PMID: 12791804; PMCID: PMC3456271.
    265. Boscarino JA, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Psychiatric medication use among Manhattan residents following the World Trade Center disaster. J Trauma Stress. 2003 Jun; 16(3):301-6. PMID: 12816344.
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    266. Galea S, Ahern J, Tardiff K, Leon A, Coffin PO, Derr K, Vlahov D. Racial/ethnic disparities in overdose mortality trends in New York City, 1990-1998. J Urban Health. 2003 Jun; 80(2):201-11. PMID: 12791796; PMCID: PMC3456270.
    267. Galea S, Ahern J, Vlahov D, Coffin PO, Fuller C, Leon AC, Tardiff K. Income distribution and risk of fatal drug overdose in New York City neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2003 May 21; 70(2):139-48. PMID: 12732407.
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    268. Lai S, Lai H, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Ren S, Margolick J, Lima JA, Bartlett JG. Factors associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in HIV-1-infected persons treated with protease inhibitors. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2003 May; 17(5):211-9. PMID: 12816615.
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    269. Modi WS, O'Brien TR, Vlahov D, Buchbinder S, Gomperts E, Phair J, O'Brien SJ, Winkler C. Haplotype diversity in the interleukin-4 gene is not associated with HIV-1 transmission and AIDS progression. Immunogenetics. 2003 Jun; 55(3):157-164. PMID: 12715242.
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    270. Stover CT, Smith DK, Schmid DS, Pellett PE, Stewart JA, Klein RS, Mayer K, Vlahov D, Schuman P, Cannon MJ. Prevalence of and risk factors for viral infections among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and high-risk HIV-uninfected women. J Infect Dis. 2003 May 01; 187(9):1388-96. PMID: 12717619.
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    271. Meng Q, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Margolick JB, Lai S. Elevated C-reactive protein levels are associated with endothelial dysfunction in chronic cocaine users. Int J Cardiol. 2003 Apr; 88(2-3):191-8. PMID: 12714198.
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    272. Golub ET, Astemborski JA, Hoover DR, Anthony JC, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Psychological distress and progression to AIDS in a cohort of injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Apr 01; 32(4):429-34. PMID: 12640202.
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    273. Juday TR, Wu A, Celentano DD, Frick KD, Wang MC, Vlahov D. The role of Medicaid HMO enrollment in the longitudinal utilization of medical care services in a cohort of injecting drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Subst Abus. 2003 Mar; 24(1):27-41. PMID: 12652093.
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    274. Bernstein KT, Jacobson LP, Jenkins FJ, Vlahov D, Armenian HK. Factors associated with human herpesvirus type 8 infection in an injecting drug user cohort. Sex Transm Dis. 2003 Mar; 30(3):199-204. PMID: 12616135.
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    275. Des Jarlais DC, Diaz T, Perlis T, Vlahov D, Maslow C, Latka M, Rockwell R, Edwards V, Friedman SR, Monterroso E, Williams I, Garfein RS. Variability in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infection among young injecting drug users in New York City. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Mar 01; 157(5):467-71. PMID: 12615611.
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    276. Mulherin SA, O'Brien TR, Ioannidis JP, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder SP, Coutinho RA, Jamieson BD, Meyer L, Michael NL, Pantaleo G, Rizzardi GP, Schuitemaker H, Sheppard HW, Theodorou ID, Vlahov D, Rosenberg PS. Effects of CCR5-Delta32 and CCR2-64I alleles on HIV-1 disease progression: the protection varies with duration of infection. AIDS. 2003 Feb 14; 17(3):377-87. PMID: 12556692.
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    277. Henderson LA, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA. Readiness for cessation of drug use among recent attenders and nonattenders of a needle exchange program. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Feb 01; 32(2):229-37. PMID: 12571535.
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    278. Fuller CM, Vlahov D, Latkin CA, Ompad DC, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA. Social circumstances of initiation of injection drug use and early shooting gallery attendance: implications for HIV intervention among adolescent and young adult injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Jan 01; 32(1):86-93. PMID: 12514419.
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    279. Kuo I, Brady J, Butler C, Schwartz R, Brooner R, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Feasibility of referring drug users from a needle exchange program into an addiction treatment program: experience with a mobile treatment van and LAAM maintenance. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003 Jan; 24(1):67-74. PMID: 12646332.
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    280. Gruskin L, Gange SJ, Celentano D, Schuman P, Moore JS, Zierler S, Vlahov D. Incidence of violence against HIV-infected and uninfected women: findings from the HIV Epidemiology Research (HER) study. J Urban Health. 2002 Dec; 79(4):512-24. PMID: 12468671; PMCID: PMC3456714.
    281. Vlahov D, Galea S. Urbanization, urbanicity, and health. J Urban Health. 2002 Dec; 79(4 Suppl 1):S1-S12. PMID: 12473694; PMCID: PMC3456615.
    282. Howard AA, Arnsten JH, Lo Y, Vlahov D, Rich JD, Schuman P, Stone VE, Smith DK, Schoenbaum EE. A prospective study of adherence and viral load in a large multi-center cohort of HIV-infected women. AIDS. 2002 Nov 08; 16(16):2175-82. PMID: 12409739.
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    283. Kapadia F, Vlahov D, Des Jarlais DC, Strathdee SA, Ouellet L, Kerndt P, Morse E EV, Williams I, Garfein RS. Does bleach disinfection of syringes protect against hepatitis C infection among young adult injection drug users? Epidemiology. 2002 Nov; 13(6):738-41. PMID: 12410020.
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    284. Coffin PO, Ahern J, Dorris S, Stevenson L, Fuller C, Vlahov D. More pharmacists in high-risk neighborhoods of New York City support selling syringes to injection drug users. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2002 Nov-Dec; 42(6 Suppl 2):S62-7. PMID: 12489618.
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    285. Fuller CM, Ahern J, Vadnai L, Coffin PO, Galea S, Factor SH, Vlahov D. Impact of increased syringe access: preliminary findings on injection drug user syringe source, disposal, and pharmacy sales in Harlem, New York. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2002 Nov-Dec; 42(6 Suppl 2):S77-82. PMID: 12489621.
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    286. Macalino GE, Celentano DD, Latkin C, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D. Risk behaviors by audio computer-assisted self-interviews among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative injection drug users. AIDS Educ Prev. 2002 Oct; 14(5):367-78. PMID: 12413183.
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    287. Nelson KE, Galai N, Safaeian M, Strathdee SA, Celentano DD, Vlahov D. Temporal trends in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and risk behavior among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, 1988-1998. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Oct 01; 156(7):641-53. PMID: 12244033.
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    288. Meng Q, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE, Wu KC, Chen S, Tong W, Lai S. Coronary artery calcification, atherogenic lipid changes, and increased erythrocyte volume in black injection drug users infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 treated with protease inhibitors. Am Heart J. 2002 Oct; 144(4):642-8. PMID: 12360160.
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    289. Sheu M, Hogan J, Allsworth J, Stein M, Vlahov D, Schoenbaum EE, Schuman P, Gardner L, Flanigan T. Continuity of medical care and risk of incarceration in HIV-positive and high-risk HIV-negative women. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2002 Oct; 11(8):743-50. PMID: 12570040.
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    290. Sterling TR, Hoover DR, Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Bartlett JG, Schupbach J. Heat-denatured human immunodeficiency virus type 1 protein 24 antigen: prognostic value in adults with early-stage disease. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 15; 186(8):1181-5. PMID: 12355373.
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    291. Ompad DC, Fuller CM, Vlahov D, Thomas D, Strathdee SA. Lack of behavior change after disclosure of hepatitis C virus infection among young injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 01; 35(7):783-8. PMID: 12228813.
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    292. Galea S, Resnick H, Ahern J, Gold J, Bucuvalas M, Kilpatrick D, Stuber J, Vlahov D. Posttraumatic stress disorder in Manhattan, New York City, after the September 11th terrorist attacks. J Urban Health. 2002 Sep; 79(3):340-53. PMID: 12200503; PMCID: PMC3456781.
    293. Factor SH, Wu Y, Monserrate J, Edwards V, Cuevas Y, Del Vecchio S, Vlahov D. Drug use frequency among street-recruited heroin and cocaine users in Harlem and the Bronx before and after September 11, 2001. J Urban Health. 2002 Sep; 79(3):404-8. PMID: 12200509; PMCID: PMC3456797.
    294. Galea S, Vlahov D, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D, Bucuvalas MJ, Morgan MD, Gold J. An investigation of the psychological effects of the September 11, 2001, attacks on New York City: developing and implementing research in the acute postdisaster period. CNS Spectr. 2002 Aug; 7(8):585-7, 593-6. PMID: 15094695.
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    295. Lai S, Lai H, Meng Q, Tong W, Vlahov D, Celentano D, Strathdee S, Nelson K, Fishman EK, Lima JA. Effect of cocaine use on coronary calcium among black adults in Baltimore, Maryland. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Aug 01; 90(3):326-8. PMID: 12127624.
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    296. Martin MP, Gao X, Lee JH, Nelson GW, Detels R, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, Trowsdale J, Wilson M, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. Epistatic interaction between KIR3DS1 and HLA-B delays the progression to AIDS. Nat Genet. 2002 Aug; 31(4):429-34. PMID: 12134147.
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    297. An P, Nelson GW, Wang L, Donfield S, Goedert JJ, Phair J, Vlahov D, Buchbinder S, Farrar WL, Modi W, O'Brien SJ, Winkler CA. Modulating influence on HIV/AIDS by interacting RANTES gene variants. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 23; 99(15):10002-7. PMID: 12114533; PMCID: PMC126614.
    298. Meng Q, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Strathdee S, Nelson KE, Tong W, Lai S. Use of HIV protease inhibitors is associated with left ventricular morphologic changes and diastolic dysfunction. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Jul 01; 30(3):306-10. PMID: 12131567.
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    299. Stuber J, Fairbrother G, Galea S, Pfefferbaum B, Wilson-Genderson M, Vlahov D. Determinants of counseling for children in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Jul; 53(7):815-22. PMID: 12096163.
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    300. Celentano DD, Cohn S, Davis RO, Vlahov D. Self-efficacy estimates for drug use practices predict risk reduction among injection drug users. J Urban Health. 2002 Jun; 79(2):245-56. PMID: 12023500; PMCID: PMC3456808.
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    302. Factor SH, Galea S, de Duenas Geli LG, Saynisch M, Blumenthal S, Canales E, Poulson M, Foley M, Vlahov D. Development of a "survival" guide for substance users in Harlem, New York City. Health Educ Behav. 2002 Jun; 29(3):312-25. PMID: 12038741.
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    303. Galea S, Factor SH, Palermo AG, Aaron D, Canales E, Vlahov D. Access to resources for substance users in Harlem, New York City: service provider and client perspectives. Health Educ Behav. 2002 Jun; 29(3):296-311. PMID: 12038740.
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    304. Wilson LE, Thomas DL, Astemborski J, Freedman TL, Vlahov D. Prospective study of infective endocarditis among injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 2002 Jun 15; 185(12):1761-6. PMID: 12085322.
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    305. Thio CL, Gao X, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Hilgartner MW, O'Brien SJ, Karacki P, Astemborski J, Carrington M, Thomas DL. HLA-Cw*04 and hepatitis C virus persistence. J Virol. 2002 May; 76(10):4792-7. PMID: 11967296; PMCID: PMC136132.
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    307. Mehta SH, Cox A, Hoover DR, Wang XH, Mao Q, Ray S, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, Thomas DL. Protection against persistence of hepatitis C. Lancet. 2002 Apr 27; 359(9316):1478-83. PMID: 11988247.
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    308. Fuller CM, Vlahov D, Ompad DC, Shah N, Arria A, Strathdee SA. High-risk behaviors associated with transition from illicit non-injection to injection drug use among adolescent and young adult drug users: a case-control study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002 Apr 01; 66(2):189-98. PMID: 11906806.
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    309. Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D, Bucuvalas M, Gold J, Vlahov D. Psychological sequelae of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. N Engl J Med. 2002 Mar 28; 346(13):982-7. PMID: 11919308.
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    310. Vlahov D, Galea S, Frankel D. New York City, 2001: reaction and response. J Urban Health. 2002 Mar; 79(1):2-5. PMID: 11937606.
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    311. Riley ED, Vlahov D, Huettner S, Beilenson P, Bonds M, Chaisson RE. Characteristics of injection drug users who utilize tuberculosis services at sites of the Baltimore city needle exchange program. J Urban Health. 2002 Mar; 79(1):113-27. PMID: 11937620.
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    312. Galea S, Ahern J, Tardiff K, Leon AC, Vlahov D. Drugs and firearm deaths in New York City, 1990-1998. J Urban Health. 2002 Mar; 79(1):70-86. PMID: 11937617; PMCID: PMC3456372.
    313. Fischer B, Chin AT, Kuo I, Kirst M, Vlahov D. Canadian illicit opiate users' views on methadone and other opiate prescription treatment: an exploratory qualitative study. Subst Use Misuse. 2002 Mar; 37(4):495-522. PMID: 12064431.
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    314. Semba RD, Shah N, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D. High prevalence of iron deficiency and anemia among female injection drug users with and without HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Feb 01; 29(2):142-4. PMID: 11832682.
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    315. Semba RD, Shah N, Vlahov D. Risk factors and cumulative incidence of anaemia among HIV-infected injection drug users. Int J STD AIDS. 2002 Feb; 13(2):119-23. PMID: 11839167.
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    316. Safaeian M, Brookmeyer R, Vlahov D, Latkin C, Marx M, Strathdee SA. Validity of self-reported needle exchange attendance among injection drug users: implications for program evaluation. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Jan 15; 155(2):169-75. PMID: 11790681.
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    317. Galea S, Vlahov D. Social determinants and the health of drug users: socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration. Public Health Rep. 2002; 117 Suppl 1:S135-45. PMID: 12435837; PMCID: PMC1913691.
    318. Riley ED, Wu AW, Junge B, Marx M, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D. Health services utilization by injection drug users participating in a needle exchange program. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2002; 28(3):497-511. PMID: 12211362.
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    319. Boscarino JA, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Utilization of mental health services following the September 11th terrorist attacks in Manhattan, New York City. Int J Emerg Ment Health. 2002; 4(3):143-55. PMID: 12387188.
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    320. Riley ED, Safaeian M, Strathdee SA, Brooner RK, Beilenson P, Vlahov D. Drug user treatment referrals and entry among participants of a needle exchange program. Subst Use Misuse. 2002; 37(14):1869-86. PMID: 12511056.
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    321. Ahern J, Galea S, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D, Bucuvalas M, Gold J, Vlahov D. Television images and psychological symptoms after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Psychiatry. 2002; 65(4):289-300. PMID: 12530330.
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    322. Semba RD, Shah N, Klein RS, Mayer KH, Schuman P, Vlahov D. Prevalence and cumulative incidence of and risk factors for anemia in a multicenter cohort study of human immunodeficiency virus-infected and -uninfected women. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Jan 15; 34(2):260-6. PMID: 11740716.
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