Diane Wara, MD

Title(s)Professor, Pediatrics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th Street, #4667
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-2171
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency School of Medicine
    University of California IrvineM.D.1969School of Medicine

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Diane Wara, MD, is a professor emeritus of pediatrics in the Allergy/Immunology Bone Marrow Transplant Division, director of the Northern California Pediatric HIV Program, and a member of the leadership group for the NIAID-funded domestic and international clinical trials program in HIV (IMPAACT). Her work, along with that of others, led to the successful strategy for the interruption of perinatal transmission in the developed world. Currently, she is working through IMPAACT to extend and modify successful strategies to prevent transmission throughout the developing world. Dr. Wara has authored more than180 publications and, throughout her career, has focused her research on the pathogenesis and treatment strategies of pediatric immune deficiency syndromes (PIDD) and pediatric HIV. She contributed to reports of the first child with adenosine deaminase deficiency as well as treatment strategies for this disorder, including the successful gene transfer in neonates with known ADA deficiency; the first child with purine nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency; the first child with ZAP-70 deficiency; and mutations in IKK -gamma leading to NEMO syndrome. Dr. Wara contributed to reports of the first child with HIV, the first subject to acquire HIV from a blood transfusion, the first report of vertical transmission of hepatitis C, the role(s) of genetic factors as well as neutralizing antibody in the perinatal transmission of HIV as well as long-term progression; the detection and diagnosis of in-utero versus peripartum transmission. She reported the successful interruption of HIV perinatal transmission by the use of intrapartum AZT to the mother and infant prophylaxis for 6 weeks; she reported numerous successful HIV treatment strategies for children and youth. Dr. Wara led the Immunology Division and the UCSF Pediatric Clinical Research Center for over 25 years. She served as member and chair of two NIH study sections as well as member and chair of the NIH Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (2002-2006). Dr. Wara was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, in 1998.

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    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    BAY AREA PERINATAL AIDS CENTER
    NIH P01HD024640Jan 1, 1989 - Mar 31, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator
    BAY AREA PERINATAL AIDS COHORT STUDY
    NIH R01HD024640Jan 1, 1989 - Dec 31, 1993
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Northern California Pediatrics AIDS Treatment Center
    NIH U01AI027541Sep 30, 1988 - Feb 28, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    IMMUNOLOGICAL SCIENCES STUDY SECTION
    NIH U09RG000003Jul 1, 1985 - Jun 30, 1992
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    PEDIATRIC CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
    NIH M01RR001271Dec 1, 1981 - Mar 31, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Co-Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR000083Oct 1, 1974 - Nov 30, 2007
    Role: Co-Investigator

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    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Academic Senate

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Brief Report: Markers of Spontaneous Preterm Delivery in Women Living With HIV: Relationship With Protease Inhibitors and Vitamin D. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 10 01; 82(2):181-187. Weinberg A, Huo Y, Kacanek D, Patel K, Watts DH, Wara D, Hoffman RM, Klawitter J, Christians U, for IMPAACT P1025 Team. PMID: 31513074; PMCID: PMC6760328.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Ophthalmic manifestations of perinatally acquired HIV in a US cohort of long-term survivors. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 May; 99(5):650-3. Rutar T, Youm J, Porco T, Tilton N, Muskat M, McNamara N, Wara D. PMID: 25416182.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    3. Family adversity and autonomic reactivity association with immune changes in HIV-affected school children. Psychosom Med. 2013 Jul-Aug; 75(6):557-65. Thomas MR, Wara D, Saxton K, Truskier M, Chesney MA, Boyce WT. PMID: 23766380; PMCID: PMC3830556.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    4. The effect of prophylaxis on pediatric HIV costs. AIDS Care. 2012; 24(1):108-18. Wilson LS, Hensic L, Paoli CJ, Basu R, Christenson M, Moskowitz JT, Wara D. PMID: 21780991; PMCID: PMC4201115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    5. Dendritic cells from humans with hypomorphic mutations in IKBKG/NEMO have impaired mitogen-activated protein kinase activity. Hum Mutat. 2011 Mar; 32(3):318-24. Ma CA, Wang HY, Temmerman S, Zhao Y, Wu L, Hornung RL, Wara D, Jain A. PMID: 21309033; PMCID: PMC3134100.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    6. Anti-influenza serum and mucosal antibody responses after administration of live attenuated or inactivated influenza vaccines to HIV-infected children. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Oct; 55(2):189-96. Weinberg A, Song LY, Walker R, Allende M, Fenton T, Patterson-Bartlett J, Nachman S, Kemble G, Yi TT, Defechereux P, Wara D, Read JS, Levin M, IMPAACT P1057 Team. PMID: 20581690; PMCID: PMC3290334.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    7. Pediatric HIV costs across three treatment eras from 1986 to 2007. Pediatrics. 2010 Sep; 126(3):e541-9. Wilson LS, Basu R, Christenson M, Hensic L, Paoli C, Wara D, Moskowitz JT. PMID: 20696721.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Persistent systemic inflammation and atypical enterocolitis in patients with NEMO syndrome. Clin Immunol. 2009 Jul; 132(1):124-31. Cheng LE, Kanwar B, Tcheurekdjian H, Grenert JP, Muskat M, Heyman MB, McCune JM, Wara DW. PMID: 19375390; PMCID: PMC2800791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Altered iron metabolism in children with human immunodeficiency virus disease. Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2009 Mar; 26(2):69-84. Butensky James E, Harmatz P, Lee M, Kennedy C, Petru A, Wara D, Miaskowski C. PMID: 19322737.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Regulatory T cells and their role in rheumatic diseases: a potential target for novel therapeutic development. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2008 Dec 01; 6:20. Milojevic D, Nguyen KD, Wara D, Mellins ED. PMID: 19046457; PMCID: PMC2633304.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    11. Population pharmacokinetics of lamivudine in human immunodeficiency virus-exposed and -infected infants. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007 Dec; 51(12):4297-302. Tremoulet AH, Capparelli EV, Patel P, Acosta EP, Luzuriaga K, Bryson Y, Wara D, Zorrilla C, Holland D, Mirochnick M, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. PMID: 17893155; PMCID: PMC2168008.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Phase I/II trial of intermittent subcutaneous IL-2 administration in pediatric patients with moderate immune suppression: results of Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Study 402. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Jun; 119(6):1538-41. Pahwa S, Muresan P, Sleasman J, Fenton T, Moye J, Deveikis A, Wara D, Van Dyke R, Pediatric Aids Clinical Trials Study 402 team. PMID: 17418382.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    13. JC virus granule cell neuronopathy in a child with CD40 ligand deficiency. Pediatr Neurol. 2007 Mar; 36(3):186-9. Hecht JH, Glenn OA, Wara DW, Wu YW. PMID: 17352955.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    14. Pharmacokinetics and safety of indinavir in human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnant women. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007 Feb; 51(2):783-6. Unadkat JD, Wara DW, Hughes MD, Mathias AA, Holland DT, Paul ME, Connor J, Huang S, Nguyen BY, Watts DH, Mofenson LM, Smith E, Deutsch P, Kaiser KA, Tuomala RE. PMID: 17158945; PMCID: PMC1797783.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    15. Index of suspicion. Pediatr Rev. 2006 Dec; 27(12):463-9. Taylor Z, Butani L, Blumberg D, Cowan M, Wara D, Gopal S, Gavrilita C, Da-Silva S. PMID: 17142468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Impaired integrin-dependent function in Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-deficient murine and human neutrophils. Immunity. 2006 Aug; 25(2):285-95. Zhang H, Schaff UY, Green CE, Chen H, Sarantos MR, Hu Y, Wara D, Simon SI, Lowell CA. PMID: 16901726; PMCID: PMC4698343.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 66     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    17. Antibody responses to hepatitis A virus vaccine in HIV-infected children with evidence of immunologic reconstitution while receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2006 Jan 15; 193(2):302-11. Weinberg A, Gona P, Nachman SA, Defechereux P, Yogev R, Hughes W, Wara D, Spector SA, Read J, Elgie C, Cooper M, Dankner W, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 1008 Team. PMID: 16362896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Long-term efficacy of enzyme replacement therapy for adenosine deaminase (ADA)-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Clin Immunol. 2005 Nov; 117(2):133-43. Chan B, Wara D, Bastian J, Hershfield MS, Bohnsack J, Azen CG, Parkman R, Weinberg K, Kohn DB. PMID: 16112907.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 58     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    19. Perinatal transmission of multidrug-resistant HIV-1 despite viral suppression on an enfuvirtide-based treatment regimen. AIDS. 2005 Jun 10; 19(9):989-90. Cohan D, Feakins C, Wara D, Petru A, McNicholl I, Schillinger D, Lu J, Kuritzkes D, Deeks SG. PMID: 15905684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    20. Thrombosis and pediatric Wegener's granulomatosis: acquired and genetic risk factors for hypercoagulability. Arthritis Rheum. 2003 Dec 15; 49(6):862-5. von Scheven E, Lu TT, Emery HM, Elder ME, Wara DW. PMID: 14673976.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Lymphocyte subsets in healthy children from birth through 18 years of age: the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group P1009 study. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Nov; 112(5):973-80. Shearer WT, Rosenblatt HM, Gelman RS, Oyomopito R, Plaeger S, Stiehm ER, Wara DW, Douglas SD, Luzuriaga K, McFarland EJ, Yogev R, Rathore MH, Levy W, Graham BL, Spector SA, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. PMID: 14610491.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 337     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    22. When the time comes to talk about HIV: factors associated with diagnostic disclosure and emotional distress in HIV-infected children. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Nov 01; 31(3):309-17. Lester P, Chesney M, Cooke M, Weiss R, Whalley P, Perez B, Glidden D, Petru A, Dorenbaum A, Wara D. PMID: 12439206.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Safety of 2 recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope vaccines in neonates born to HIV-1-infected women. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Mar 01; 32(5):801-7. Cunningham CK, Wara DW, Kang M, Fenton T, Hawkins E, McNamara J, Mofenson L, Duliege AM, Francis D, McFarland EJ, Borkowsky W, Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group 230 Collaborators. PMID: 11229849.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 33     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    24. Ensuring the success of women faculty at AMCs: lessons learned from the National Centers of Excellence in Women's Health. Acad Med. 2001 Jan; 76(1):19-31. Morahan PS, Voytko ML, Abbuhl S, Means LJ, Wara DW, Thorson J, Cotsonas CE. PMID: 11154189.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Recombinant CD4-IgG2 in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected children: phase 1/2 study. The Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 351 Study Team. J Infect Dis. 2000 Dec; 182(6):1774-9. Shearer WT, Israel RJ, Starr S, Fletcher CV, Wara D, Rathore M, Church J, DeVille J, Fenton T, Graham B, Samson P, Staprans S, McNamara J, Moye J, Maddon PJ, Olson WC. PMID: 11069253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    26. A novel X-linked disorder of immune deficiency and hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia is allelic to incontinentia pigmenti and due to mutations in IKK-gamma (NEMO). Am J Hum Genet. 2000 Dec; 67(6):1555-62. Zonana J, Elder ME, Schneider LC, Orlow SJ, Moss C, Golabi M, Shapira SK, Farndon PA, Wara DW, Emmal SA, Ferguson BM. PMID: 11047757; PMCID: PMC1287930.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 122     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    27. Genetic analysis of viral variants selected in transmission of human immunodeficiency viruses to newborns. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2000 Sep 01; 16(13):1223-33. Kliks S, Contag CH, Corliss H, Learn G, Rodrigo A, Wara D, Mullins JI, Levy JA. PMID: 10957720.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    28. Shipment impairs lymphocyte proliferative responses to microbial antigens. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2000 Sep; 7(5):759-63. Betensky RA, Connick E, Devers J, Landay AL, Nokta M, Plaeger S, Rosenblatt H, Schmitz JL, Valentine F, Wara D, Weinberg A, Lederman HM. PMID: 10973450; PMCID: PMC95951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    29. Need for an external proficiency testing program for cytokines, chemokines, and plasma markers of immune activation. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2000 Jul; 7(4):540-8. Fahey JL, Aziz N, Spritzler J, Plaeger S, Nishanian P, Lathey JL, Seigel J, Landay AL, Kilarui R, Schmitz JL, White C, Wara DW, Akridge R, Cutili J, Douglas SD, Reuben J, Shearer WT, Nokta M, Polland R, Schooley R, Asthana D, Mizrachi Y, Waxdal M. PMID: 10882648; PMCID: PMC95910.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Oral manifestations and dental status in paediatric HIV infection. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2000 Mar; 10(1):3-11. Ramos-Gomez FJ, Petru A, Hilton JF, Canchola AJ, Wara D, Greenspan JS. PMID: 11310124.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    31. Lymphoproliferative responses to recombinant HIV-1 envelope antigens in neonates and infants receiving gp120 vaccines. AIDS Clinical Trial Group 230 Collaborators. J Infect Dis. 2000 Mar; 181(3):890-6. Borkowsky W, Wara D, Fenton T, McNamara J, Kang M, Mofenson L, McFarland E, Cunningham C, Duliege AM, Francis D, Bryson Y, Burchett S, Spector SA, Frenkel LM, Starr S, Van Dyke R, Jimenez E. PMID: 10720509.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    32. Use of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) human hyperimmune immunoglobulin in HIV type 1-infected children (Pediatric AIDS clinical trials group protocol 273). J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb; 181(2):548-54. Stiehm ER, Fletcher CV, Mofenson LM, Palumbo PE, Kang M, Fenton T, Sapan CV, Meyer WA, Shearer WT, Hawkins E, Fowler MG, Bouquin P, Purdue L, Sloand EM, Nemo GJ, Wara D, Bryson YJ, Starr SE, Petru A, Burchett S. PMID: 10669338.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    33. Pharmacokinetics of dapsone administered daily and weekly in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1999 Nov; 43(11):2586-91. Mirochnick M, Cooper E, McIntosh K, Xu J, Lindsey J, Jacobus D, Mofenson L, Sullivan JL, Dankner W, Frenkel LM, Nachman S, Wara DW, Johnson D, Bonagura VR, Rathore MH, Cunningham CK, McNamara J. PMID: 10543733; PMCID: PMC89529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    34. Sleep disturbances in children with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatrics. 1999 Nov; 104(5):e62. Franck LS, Johnson LM, Lee K, Hepner C, Lambert L, Passeri M, Manio E, Dorenbaum A, Wara D. PMID: 10545588.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Cytokine profile of a long-term pediatric HIV survivor with hyper-IgE syndrome and a normal CD4 T-cell count. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Nov; 104(5):1045-51. Seroogy CM, Wara DW, Bluth MH, Dorenbaum A, White C, Durkin HG, Elder ME. PMID: 10550751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Immunization with envelope MN rgp120 vaccine in human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnant women. J Infect Dis. 1999 Oct; 180(4):1080-8. Wright PF, Lambert JS, Gorse GJ, Hsieh RH, McElrath MJ, Weinhold K, Wara DW, Anderson EL, Keefer MC, Jackson S, Wagner LJ, Francis DP, Fast PE, McNamara J. PMID: 10479134.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    37. Amendment to Clinical Research Project. Project 90-C-195. April 1, 1993. Treatment of severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) due to adenosine deaminase deficiency with autologous lymphocytes transduced with a human ADA gene. Hum Gene Ther. 1999 Feb 10; 10(3):477-88. Dunbar C, Chang L, Mullen C, Ramsey WJ, Carter C, Kohn D, Parkman R, Lenarsky C, Weinberg K, Wara D, Culver KW, Anderson WF, Leitman S, Fleisher T, Klein H, Shearer G, Clerici M, McGarrity G, Bastian J, Hershfield MS. PMID: 10048399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. Planning for children whose parents are dying of HIV/AIDS. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Pediatric AIDS, 1998-1999. Pediatrics. 1999 Feb; 103(2):509-11. Wilfert C, Aronson JE, Beck DT, Fleischman AR, Kline MW, Mofenson LM, Scott GB, Wara DW, Whitley-Williams PN. PMID: 9925854.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Safety and immunogenicity of HIV recombinant envelope vaccines in HIV-infected infants and children. National Institutes of Health-sponsored Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG-218). J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998 Dec 15; 19(5):451-61. Lambert JS, McNamara J, Katz SL, Fenton T, Kang M, VanCott TC, Livingston R, Hawkins E, Moye J, Borkowsky W, Johnson D, Yogev R, Duliege AM, Francis D, Gershon A, Wara D, Martin N, Levin M, McSherry G, Smith G. PMID: 9859958.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    40. A randomized study of combined zidovudine-lamivudine versus didanosine monotherapy in children with symptomatic therapy-naive HIV-1 infection. The Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 300 Study Team. J Pediatr. 1998 Oct; 133(4):500-8. McKinney RE, Johnson GM, Stanley K, Yong FH, Keller A, O'Donnell KJ, Brouwers P, Mitchell WG, Yogev R, Wara DW, Wiznia A, Mofenson L, McNamara J, Spector SA. PMID: 9787687.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    41. T lymphocytes with a normal ADA gene accumulate after transplantation of transduced autologous umbilical cord blood CD34+ cells in ADA-deficient SCID neonates. Nat Med. 1998 Jul; 4(7):775-80. Kohn DB, Hershfield MS, Carbonaro D, Shigeoka A, Brooks J, Smogorzewska EM, Barsky LW, Chan R, Burotto F, Annett G, Nolta JA, Crooks G, Kapoor N, Elder M, Wara D, Bowen T, Madsen E, Snyder FF, Bastian J, Muul L, Blaese RM, Weinberg K, Parkman R. PMID: 9662367; PMCID: PMC3777239.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 57     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    42. CD8 cell noncytotoxic antiviral activity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected and -uninfected children. J Infect Dis. 1998 Feb; 177(2):470-2. Levy JA, Hsueh F, Blackbourn DJ, Wara D, Weintrub PS. PMID: 9466540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    43. Funding for patient-oriented research. Critical strain on a fundamental linchpin. JAMA. 1997 Jul 16; 278(3):227-31. Williams GH, Wara DW, Carbone P. PMID: 9218670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Influence of HLA alleles on the rate of progression of vertically transmitted HIV infection in children: association of several HLA-DR13 alleles with long-term survivorship and the potential association of HLA-A*2301 with rapid progression to AIDS. Long-Term Survivor Study. Hum Immunol. 1997 Jul; 55(2):154-62. Chen Y, Winchester R, Korber B, Gagliano J, Bryson Y, Hutto C, Martin N, McSherry G, Petru A, Wara D, Ammann A. PMID: 9361967.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    45. Comparative trial of two dosages of zalcitabine in zidovudine-experienced children with advanced human immunodeficiency virus disease. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997 Jun; 16(6):623-6. Spector SA, Blanchard S, Wara DW, Oleske JM, McIntosh K, Hodes D, Dankner WM, Salgo M, McNamara J. PMID: 9194115.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    46. Transmission of HIV-1 in infants born to seropositive mothers: PCR-amplified proviral DNA detected by flow cytometric analysis of immunoreactive beads. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 May 01; 15(1):35-42. Dorenbaum A, Venkateswaran KS, Yang G, Comeau AM, Wara D, Vyas GN. PMID: 9215652.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    47. A descriptive survey of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus-infected long-term survivors. Pediatrics. 1997 Apr; 99(4):E4. Nielsen K, McSherry G, Petru A, Frederick T, Wara D, Bryson Y, Martin N, Hutto C, Ammann AJ, Grubman S, Oleske J, Scott GB. PMID: 9099779.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    48. Life events, frontal electroencephalogram laterality, and functional immune status after acute psychological stressors in adolescents. Psychosom Med. 1997 Mar-Apr; 59(2):178-86. Liang SW, Jemerin JM, Tschann JM, Wara DW, Boyce WT. PMID: 9088055.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    49. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of a large cohort of symptomatic, human immunodeficiency virus-infected infants and children. AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 152 Study Team. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996 Nov; 15(11):1025-36. Englund JA, Baker CJ, Raskino C, McKinney RE, Lifschitz MH, Petrie B, Fowler MG, Connor JD, Mendez H, O'Donnell K, Wara DW. PMID: 8933553.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    50. The utility of IgA antibody to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in early diagnosis of vertically transmitted infection. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Women and Infants Transmission Study Group. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996 Jun; 150(6):598-602. McIntosh K, Comeau AM, Wara D, Diaz C, Landesman S, Pitt J, Rich K, Lew J, Moye J, Kalish LA. PMID: 8646309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    51. Toxicities of total-body irradiation for pediatric bone marrow transplantation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1996 Mar 01; 34(4):843-51. Chou RH, Wong GB, Kramer JH, Wara DW, Matthay KK, Crittenden MR, Swift PS, Cowan MJ, Wara WM. PMID: 8598361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Adrenocortical and behavioral predictors of immune responses to starting school. Pediatr Res. 1995 Dec; 38(6):1009-17. Boyce WT, Adams S, Tschann JM, Cohen F, Wara D, Gunnar MR. PMID: 8618776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Life events, cardiovascular reactivity, and risk behavior in adolescent boys. Pediatrics. 1995 Dec; 96(6):1101-5. Liang SW, Jemerin JM, Tschann JM, Irwin CE, Wara DW, Boyce WT. PMID: 7491228.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Influence of host genotype on progression to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Pediatr. 1995 Oct; 127(4):544-9. Just JJ, Abrams E, Louie LG, Urbano R, Wara D, Nicholas SW, Stein Z, King MC. PMID: 7562274.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    55. Severe combined immunodeficiency with absence of peripheral blood CD8+ T cells due to ZAP-70 deficiency. Cell Immunol. 1995 Oct 01; 165(1):110-7. Elder ME, Hope TJ, Parslow TG, Umetsu DT, Wara DW, Cowan MJ. PMID: 7671314.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    56. Psychobiologic reactivity to stress and childhood respiratory illnesses: results of two prospective studies. Psychosom Med. 1995 Sep-Oct; 57(5):411-22. Boyce WT, Chesney M, Alkon A, Tschann JM, Adams S, Chesterman B, Cohen F, Kaiser P, Folkman S, Wara D. PMID: 8552730.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 83     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    57. Recurrent Staphylococcus aureus renal abscess in a child positive for the human immunodeficiency virus. Urology. 1995 Aug; 46(2):246-8. Brandeis JM, Baskin LS, Kogan BA, Wara D, Dorenbaum A. PMID: 7624995.
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    58. A controlled trial of intravenous immune globulin for the prevention of serious bacterial infections in children receiving zidovudine for advanced human immunodeficiency virus infection. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1994 Nov 03; 331(18):1181-7. Spector SA, Gelber RD, McGrath N, Wara D, Barzilai A, Abrams E, Bryson YJ, Dankner WM, Livingston RA, Connor EM. PMID: 7935655.
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    59. HIV-1 Tat induces cytokine synthesis by uninfected mononuclear cells. AIDS. 1994 Oct; 8(10):1504-6. Rautonen N, Rautonen J, Martin NL, Wara DW. PMID: 7818827.
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    60. Features of HIV-1 that could influence maternal-child transmission. JAMA. 1994 Aug 10; 272(6):467-74. Kliks SC, Wara DW, Landers DV, Levy JA. PMID: 8040983.
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    61. Association between anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity antibody titers at birth and vertical transmission of HIV-1. J Infect Dis. 1994 Aug; 170(2):308-12. Jenkins M, Landers D, Williams-Herman D, Wara D, Viscarello RR, Hammill HA, Kline MW, Shearer WT, Charlebois ED, Kohl S. PMID: 8035015.
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    62. HIV type 1 Tat protein induces immunoglobulin and interleukin 6 synthesis by uninfected peripheral blood mononuclear cells. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994 Jul; 10(7):781-5. Rautonen J, Rautonen N, Martin NL, Wara DW. PMID: 7986583.
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    63. Antibodies in HIV Tat in Kawasaki disease. Lancet. 1994 Apr 09; 343(8902):920-1. Rautonen N, White C, Martin NL, Wara DW, Salo E, Pelkonen P, Rautonen J. PMID: 7908382.
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    64. Anti-tetanus toxoid antibody production after mismatched T cell-depleted bone marrow transplantation. J Clin Immunol. 1994 Mar; 14(2):98-106. Benkerrou M, Wara DW, Elder M, Dror Y, Merino A, Colombe BW, Garovoy M, Cowan MJ. PMID: 8195318.
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    65. Performance evaluation in multicenter clinical trials: development of a model by the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Control Clin Trials. 1993 Dec; 14(6):523-37. Rosendorf LL, Dafni U, Amato DA, Lunghofer B, Bartlett JG, Leedom JM, Wara DW, Armstrong JA, Godfrey E, Sukkestad E, et al. PMID: 8119067.
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    66. Maternal transmission and diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus during infancy. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1993 Oct 29; 693:14-9. Wara DW, Luzuriaga K, Martin NL, Sullivan JL, Bryson YJ. PMID: 8267258.
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    67. Immunologic changes occurring at kindergarten entry predict respiratory illnesses after the Loma Prieta earthquake. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1993 Oct; 14(5):296-303. Boyce WT, Chesterman EA, Martin N, Folkman S, Cohen F, Wara D. PMID: 8254059.
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    68. Immune reconstitution in severe combined immunodeficiency disease after lectin-treated, T-cell-depleted haplocompatible bone marrow transplantation. Blood. 1993 Apr 15; 81(8):2021-30. Dror Y, Gallagher R, Wara DW, Colombe BW, Merino A, Benkerrou M, Cowan MJ. PMID: 8471764.
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    69. Serum levels of soluble CD8, neopterin, beta 2-microglobulin and p24 antigen as indicators of disease progression in children with AIDS on zidovudine therapy. AIDS. 1993 Mar; 7(3):369-73. Siller L, Martin NL, Kostuchenko P, Beckett L, Rautonen J, Cheng SC, Wara DW. PMID: 8097095.
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    70. Failure of intravenous pentamidine prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. J Pediatr. 1993 Jan; 122(1):163-4. Weintrub PS, Wara DW, Duliege AM. PMID: 8419606.
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    71. Low number of antibody producing cells in patients with sickle cell anemia. Immunol Lett. 1992 Dec; 34(3):207-11. Rautonen N, Martin NL, Rautonen J, Rooks Y, Mentzer WC, Wara DW. PMID: 1487307.
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    72. Proposed definitions for in utero versus intrapartum transmission of HIV-1. N Engl J Med. 1992 Oct 22; 327(17):1246-7. Bryson YJ, Luzuriaga K, Sullivan JL, Wara DW. PMID: 1406816.
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    73. Natural history of HIV-associated salivary gland disease. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1992 Sep; 74(3):326-31. Schiødt M, Dodd CL, Greenspan D, Daniels TE, Chernoff D, Hollander H, Wara D, Greenspan JS. PMID: 1407995.
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    74. Heterogeneity in the clastogenic response to X-rays in lymphocytes from ataxia-telangiectasia heterozygotes and controls. Cancer Causes Control. 1992 May; 3(3):237-45. Wiencke JK, Wara DW, Little JB, Kelsey KT. PMID: 1610970.
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    75. Genetic risk factors for perinatally acquired HIV-1 infection. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 1992 Apr; 6(2):215-24. Just J, Louie L, Abrams E, Nicholas SW, Wara D, Stein Z, King MC. PMID: 1584723.
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    76. A screening test for the detection of anti-HIV-1 IgA in young infants. Immunol Invest. 1992 Feb; 21(1):65-70. Martin NL, Rautonen J, Crombleholme W, Rautonen N, Wara DW. PMID: 1548047.
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    77. Neutrophil function screening in patients with chronic granulomatous disease by a flow cytometric method. Cytometry. 1992; 13(6):615-20. Epling CL, Stites DP, McHugh TM, Chong HO, Blackwood LL, Wara DW. PMID: 1451593.
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    78. Serum interleukin-6 concentrations are elevated and associated with elevated tumor necrosis factor-alpha and immunoglobulin G and A concentrations in children with HIV infection. AIDS. 1991 Nov; 5(11):1319-25. Rautonen J, Rautonen N, Martin NL, Philip R, Wara DW. PMID: 1768380.
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    79. Vertical transmission of hepatitis C virus. Lancet. 1991 Jul 06; 338(8758):17-8. Thaler MM, Park CK, Landers DV, Wara DW, Houghton M, Veereman-Wauters G, Sweet RL, Han JH. PMID: 1676085.
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    80. Neopterin in diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus infection in infants. J Clin Microbiol. 1991 Apr; 29(4):850-1. Rautonen J, Martin NI, Rautonen N, Wara DW. PMID: 1890191; PMCID: PMC269889.
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    81. Detection of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 in infants by an anti-HIV immunoglobulin A assay using recombinant proteins. J Pediatr. 1991 Mar; 118(3):354-8. Martin NL, Levy JA, Legg H, Weintrub PS, Cowan MJ, Wara DW. PMID: 1705583.
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    82. Total body irradiation and bone marrow transplantation for immunodeficiency disorders in young children. Radiother Oncol. 1990; 18 Suppl 1:114-7. Halberg FE, Wara WM, Weaver KE, Wara DW, Ablin AR, Matthay KK, Mentzer WC, O'Leary MC, Cowan MJ. PMID: 2247633.
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    83. ATFresno: a phenotype linking ataxia-telangiectasia with the Nijmegen breakage syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 1989 Aug; 45(2):270-5. Curry CJ, O'Lague P, Tsai J, Hutchison HT, Jaspers NG, Wara D, Gatti RA, Hutchinson HT. PMID: 2491181; PMCID: PMC1683342.
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    84. Polymerase chain reaction compared with concurrent viral cultures for rapid identification of human immunodeficiency virus infection among high-risk infants and children. J Pediatr. 1989 Aug; 115(2):200-3. Edwards JR, Ulrich PP, Weintrub PS, Cowan MJ, Levy JA, Wara DW, Vyas GN. PMID: 2754549.
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    85. Parotid gland enlargement and xerostomia associated with labial sialadenitis in HIV-infected patients. J Autoimmun. 1989 Aug; 2(4):415-25. Schiødt M, Greenspan D, Daniels TE, Nelson J, Leggott PJ, Wara DW, Greenspan JS. PMID: 2789646.
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    86. Oral manifestations of pediatric AIDS. Pediatrician. 1989; 16(3-4):185-7. Silverman S, Wara D. PMID: 2692005.
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    87. Production of lymphotoxin and tumor necrosis factor by human neonatal mononuclear cells. Pediatr Res. 1988 Dec; 24(6):717-22. English BK, Burchett SK, English JD, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Wilson CB. PMID: 3264607.
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    88. Maternally transmitted HIV infection in children. AIDS. 1988 Dec; 2(6):437-41. Cowan MJ, Walker C, Culver K, Weintrub PS, Wara DW, Levy JA. PMID: 3149491.
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    89. Rejection of bone marrow transplant and resistance of alloantigen reactive cells to in vivo deoxyadenosine in adenosine deaminase deficiency. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1988 Nov; 49(2):242-50. Cowan MJ, Shannon KM, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 2971490.
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    90. Naproxen nephrotoxicity in a 2-year-old child. Am J Dis Child. 1988 May; 142(5):524-5. Ray PE, Rigolizzo D, Wara DR, Piel CF. PMID: 3358393.
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    91. Lymphocyte abnormalities in infants born to drug-abusing mothers. J Pediatr. 1987 Aug; 111(2):230-5. Culver KW, Ammann AJ, Partridge JC, Wong DF, Wara DW, Cowan MJ. PMID: 3039102.
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    92. Guidelines for the control of perinatally transmitted human immunodeficiency virus infection and care of infected mothers, infants and children. West J Med. 1987 Jul; 147(1):104-8. Rutherford GW, Oliva GE, Grossman M, Green JR, Wara DW, Shaw NS, Echenberg DF, Wofsy CB, Weinstein DH, Stroud F, et al. PMID: 3424801; PMCID: PMC1025844.
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    93. Oral manifestation of primary and acquired immunodeficiency diseases in children. Pediatr Dent. 1987 Jun; 9(2):98-104. Leggott PJ, Robertson PB, Greenspan D, Wara DW, Greenspan JS. PMID: 3475688.
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    94. Haploidentical bone marrow transplantation using soybean agglutinin-processed, T-depleted marrow. Transplant Proc. 1987 Feb; 19(1 Pt 3):2678-9. Matthay K, Wara DW, Ablin AJ, Cowan MJ. PMID: 3274578.
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    95. Lymphocyte reconstitution in children receiving soybean agglutinin T-depleted bone marrow transplants. Transplant Proc. 1987 Feb; 19(1 Pt 3):2744. Cowan MJ, McHugh T, Smith W, Wara D, Matthay K, Ablin A, Casavant C, Stites D. PMID: 3274585.
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    96. Alpha-fetoprotein levels in immunodeficiency. N Engl J Med. 1986 Mar 13; 314(11):717-8. Ammann AJ, Cowan M, Wara D, Heyman M, Thaler MM, Buckley R, Lawton A, Vogler LB, Hirschhorn R. PMID: 2419754.
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    97. Development of serum IgG subclass levels in children. Monogr Allergy. 1986; 19:108-21. Lee SI, Heiner DC, Wara D. PMID: 3762538.
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    98. Haploidentical bone marrow transplantation for severe combined immunodeficiency disease using soybean agglutinin-negative, T-depleted marrow cells. J Clin Immunol. 1985 Nov; 5(6):370-6. Cowan MJ, Wara DW, Weintrub PS, Pabst H, Ammann AJ. PMID: 3910675.
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    99. Deoxycytidine therapy in two patients with adenosine deaminase deficiency and severe immunodeficiency disease. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1985 Oct; 37(1):30-6. Cowan MJ, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 3161676.
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    100. Behçet syndrome. J Pediatr. 1985 Jul; 107(1):41-3. Ammann AJ, Johnson A, Fyfe GA, Leonards R, Wara DW, Cowan MJ. PMID: 4009339.
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    101. Immune regulation: what immunodeficiency disease has taught us. J Invest Dermatol. 1985 Jul; 85(1 Suppl):149s-154s. Wara DW. PMID: 2989376.
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    102. Maternal-fetal transfer of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide antibodies. Am J Dis Child. 1985 Apr; 139(4):378-80. Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Schiffman G, Artrip SG, Ammann AJ. PMID: 3976628.
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    103. Epstein-Barr (EB) virus infection in homosexual men in London. Br J Vener Dis. 1984 Aug; 60(4):258-64. Crawford DH, Weller I, Iliescu V, Wara DW. PMID: 6331569; PMCID: PMC1046322.
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    104. Prenatal diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease. Am J Med Genet. 1984 Apr; 17(4):731-9. Matthay KK, Golbus MS, Wara DW, Mentzer WC. PMID: 6720741.
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    105. Comparison of high-dose and low-dose intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases. Am J Med. 1984 Mar 30; 76(3A):78-82. Ochs HD, Fischer SH, Wedgwood RJ, Wara DW, Cowan MJ, Ammann AJ, Saxon A, Budinger MD, Allred RU, Rousell RH. PMID: 6424461.
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    106. Maternal transmission of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Pediatrics. 1984 Mar; 73(3):382-6. Cowan MJ, Hellmann D, Chudwin D, Wara DW, Chang RS, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6608091.
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    107. Pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1984; 437:340-9. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan MJ. PMID: 6242000.
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    108. Intravenous deoxycytidine therapy in a patient with adenosine deaminase deficiency. Adv Exp Med Biol. 1984; 165 Pt A:39-45. Cowan MJ, Martin DW, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6609530.
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    109. Significance of a positive antinuclear antibody test in a pediatric population. Am J Dis Child. 1983 Nov; 137(11):1103-6. Chudwin DS, Ammann AJ, Cowan MJ, Wara DW. PMID: 6356882.
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    110. Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infections in two immunodeficient patients. J Pediatr. 1983 Oct; 103(4):585-8. Hellmann D, Cowan MJ, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Chudwin D, Chang RS. PMID: 6312007.
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    111. Response of agranulocytosis to prolonged antithymocyte globulin therapy. J Pediatr. 1983 Aug; 103(2):223-7. Chudwin DS, Cowan MJ, Greenberg PL, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6875713.
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    112. Clinical and laboratory findings in childhood mixed connective tissue disease: presence of antibody to ribonucleoprotein containing the small nuclear ribonucleic acid U1. J Pediatr. 1983 Jun; 102(6):841-6. Savouret JF, Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Cowan MJ, Miller WL. PMID: 6189985.
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    113. Acquired immunodeficiency in an infant: possible transmission by means of blood products. Lancet. 1983 Apr 30; 1(8331):956-8. Ammann AJ, Cowan MJ, Wara DW, Weintrub P, Dritz S, Goldman H, Perkins HA. PMID: 6132270.
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    114. Effect of antibody concentration on opsonic requirements for phagocytosis in vitro of Streptococcus pneumoniae types 7 and 19. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1983 Feb; 172(2):178-86. Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Lameris-Martin NB, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6402784.
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    115. Increased serum opsonic activity and antibody concentration in patients with sickle cell disease after pneumococcal polysaccharide immunization. J Pediatr. 1983 Jan; 102(1):51-4. Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Matthay KK, Caulfield MH, Schiffmann G, Mentzer WC, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6848728.
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    116. Dipyridamole and intravenous deoxycytidine therapy in a patient with adenosine deaminase deficiency. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1983; 19(3):117-20. Ammann AJ, Cowan MJ, Martin DW, Wara DW. PMID: 6652234.
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    117. Patients with abnormal proportions of T-lymphocyte subsets have reduced in vitro cellular immunity. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1983 Jan; 26(1):126-36. Chudwin DS, Cowan MJ, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6223739.
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    118. Aspergillus pneumonia in chronic granulomatous disease: recurrence and long-term outcome. Acta Paediatr Scand. 1982 Nov; 71(6):915-7. Chudwin DS, Wara DW, Cowan MJ, Ammann AJ. PMID: 7158331.
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    119. The DiGeorge syndrome and the fetal alcohol syndrome. Am J Dis Child. 1982 Oct; 136(10):906-8. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan MJ, Barrett DJ, Stiehm ER. PMID: 6812410.
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    120. Posttransfusion syndrome. Rash, eosinophilia, and thrombocytopenia following intrauterine and exchange transfusions. Am J Dis Child. 1982 Jul; 136(7):612-4. Chudwin DS, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan MJ, Phibbs RH. PMID: 7201237.
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    121. Use of intravenous gamma-globulin in antibody immunodeficiency: results of a multicenter controlled trial. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1982 Jan; 22(1):60-7. Ammann AJ, Ashman RF, Buckley RH, Hardie WR, Krantmann HJ, Nelson J, Ochs H, Stiehm ER, Tiller T, Wara DW, Wedgwood R. PMID: 6749355.
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    122. Immunochemical studies on thymosin: radioimmunoassay of thymosin alpha 1. J Immunol. 1982 Jan; 128(1):368-75. McClure JE, Lameris N, Wara DW, Goldstein AL. PMID: 7054279.
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    123. Clinical and immunologic spectrum of the DiGeorge syndrome. J Clin Lab Immunol. 1981 Jul; 6(1):1-6. Barrett DJ, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Cowan MJ, Fisher TJ, Stiehm ER. PMID: 6973633.
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    124. Lung involvement in progressive vaccinia. West J Med. 1981 May; 134(5):446-8. Chudwin DS, Cowan MJ, Wara DW, Johnson AC. PMID: 6973241; PMCID: PMC1272785.
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    125. Helper cell function of human fetal thymocytes. Cell Immunol. 1981 Mar 15; 59(1):17-25. Barrett DJ, Stenmark S, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6971179.
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    126. Role of lymphotoxin in antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC). J Immunol. 1981 Mar; 126(3):1131-3. Kondo LL, Rosenau W, Wara DW. PMID: 6970216.
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    127. Host defense against Streptococcus pneumoniae: the role of the spleen. Rev Infect Dis. 1981 Mar-Apr; 3(2):299-309. Wara DW. PMID: 7256088.
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    128. Immunization of immunosuppressed patients with pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine. Rev Infect Dis. 1981 Mar-Apr; 3 Suppl:S160-7. Ammann AJ, Schiffman G, Addiego JE, Wara WM, Wara DW. PMID: 7280446.
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    129. Spectrum of Sjögren syndrome in children. J Pediatr. 1981 Feb; 98(2):213-7. Chudwin DS, Daniels TE, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Barrett DJ, Whitcher JP, Cowan MJ. PMID: 7463216.
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    130. Effect of thymosin on cellular immunity in old age. Mech Ageing Dev. 1981 Jan; 15(1):29-39. Cowan MJ, Fujiwara P, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6456383.
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    131. Thymic hormones and the immune system. Adv Pediatr. 1981; 28:229-70. Wara DW. PMID: 6280461.
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    132. Evaluation of the opsonic requirements for phagocytosis of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes VII, XIV, and XIX by chemiluminescence assay. Infect Immun. 1981 Jan; 31(1):228-35. Matthay KK, Mentzer WC, Wara DW, Preisler HK, Lameris NB, Ammann AJ. PMID: 7216447; PMCID: PMC351774.
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    133. Intermittent ataxia and immunodeficiency with multiple carboxylase deficiencies: a biotin-responsive disorder. Ann Neurol. 1980 Nov; 8(5):544-7. Sander JE, Malamud N, Cowan MJ, Packman S, Amman AJ, Wara DW. PMID: 7436398.
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    134. Immunoregulation in aged humans. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1980 Oct; 17(2):203-11. Barrett DJ, Stenmark S, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 6447566.
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    135. Thymosin therapy in the DiGeorge syndrome. J Pediatr. 1980 Jul; 97(1):66-71. Barrett DJ, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Cowan MJ. PMID: 7381650.
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    136. Immunoglobulin G and M antibodies to pneumococcal polysaccharides detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Infect Immun. 1980 Feb; 27(2):411-7. Barrett DJ, Ammann AJ, Stenmark S, Wara DW. PMID: 7380537; PMCID: PMC550780.
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    137. The prevalence of autoantibodies in T-cell, B-cell, and phagocytic immunodeficiency disorders. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1979 Dec; 14(4):456-66. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Pillarisetty RJ, Talal N. PMID: 315850.
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    138. Cell-mediated immunity in the newborn: clinical aspects. Pediatrics. 1979 Nov; 64(5 Pt 2 Suppl):822-8. Wara DW, Barrett DJ. PMID: 315535.
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    139. Multiple biotin-dependent carboxylase deficiencies associated with defects in T-cell and B-cell immunity. Lancet. 1979 Jul 21; 2(8134):115-8. Cowan MJ, Wara DW, Packman S, Ammann AJ, Yoshino M, Sweetman L, Nyhan W. PMID: 88554.
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    140. Immunosuppression and reconstitution with thymosin after radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1979 Jul; 5(7):997-1001. Wara WM, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Barnard JL, Phillips TL. PMID: 511632.
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    141. Milk precipitins in selective IgA deficiency. Ann Allergy. 1979 Feb; 42(2):73-6. Barrett DJ, Bertani L, Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 570365.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    142. In vitro and in vivo enhancement of mixed lymphocyte culture reactivity by thymosin in patients with primary immunodeficiency disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1979; 332:128-34. Wara DW, Barrett DJ, Ammann AJ, Cowan MJ. PMID: 161150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    143. Pneumococcal polysaccharide immunization in infants and children. Pediatrics. 1978 Nov; 62(5):721-7. Cowan MJ, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Howie VM, Schultz L, Doyle N, Kaplan M. PMID: 31592.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    144. Effect of thymosin and irradiation on immune modulation in head and neck and esophageal cancer patients. Cancer Treat Rep. 1978 Nov; 62(11):1775-8. Wara WM, Ammann AJ, Wara DW. PMID: 728896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    145. Immunotherapy and immunopathologic studies in a patient with nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1978 Jul; 10(3):262-9. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Allen T. PMID: 97038.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    146. Thymosin treatment of children with primary immunodeficiency disease. Transplant Proc. 1978 Mar; 10(1):203-9. Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 305674.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    147. Familial nephrosis, hydrocephalus, thin skin, blue sclerae syndrome: clinical, structural and biochemical studies. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1978; 14(6B):315-39. Daentl DL, Townsend JJ, Siegel RC, Godman JR, Piel CF, Wara DW, Bachmann RP. PMID: 728573.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    148. Cellular immunodeficiency associated with nucleoside phosphorylase deficiency. Immunologic and biochemical studies. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1977 Sep; 8(2):247-53. Sandman R, Ammann AJ, Grose C, Wara DW. PMID: 198175.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    149. Immunologic competence in adults following thymic irradiation in infancy. Radiology. 1977 Jul; 124(1):209-11. Ammann AJ, Wara WM, Wara DW, Phillips TL. PMID: 866641.
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    150. Laboratory diagnosis of immunodeficiency disease. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1977 May; 24(2):329-39. Wara DW. PMID: 854375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    151. Immunity to Aspergillus in patients with chronic granulomatous disease. J Pediatr. 1977 Apr; 90(4):601-3. Greenberg D, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Kaltreider HB. PMID: 320301.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    152. Autoantibody, autoimmune disease, and immunodeficiency. Arthritis Rheum. 1977 Mar; 20(2 Suppl):434-40. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Pillarisetty RJ, Talal N. PMID: 318125.
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    153. Quantitation of B cells in peripheral blood by polyacrylamide beads coated with anti-human chain antibody. J Immunol Methods. 1977; 17(3-4):365-71. Ammann AJ, Borg D, Kondo L, Wara DW. PMID: 410892.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    154. Editorial: Thymic cells and humoral factors as therapeutic agents. Pediatrics. 1976 May; 57(5):643-6. Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 1084986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    155. Thymus transplantation in patients with thymic hypoplasia and abnormal immunoglobulin synthesis. Transplantation. 1975 Dec; 20(6):457-66. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Doyle NE, Golbus MS. PMID: 1209726.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    156. Letter: Effect of thymosin on B-lymphocyte function. N Engl J Med. 1975 Sep 04; 293(10):507. Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 1080248.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    157. Evaluation of infants and children with recurrent infection. Curr Probl Pediatr. 1975 Sep; 5(11):3-47. Ammann AJ, Wara DW. PMID: 1175390.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    158. Serum IgA in the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal and paranasal sinus carcinoma. Radiology. 1975 Aug; 116(02):409-11. Wara WM, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Phillips TL. PMID: 1153745.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    159. Letter: Maternal-fetal graft vs host reaction. J Pediatr. 1975 Aug; 87(2):329-30. Ammann AJ, Wara DW. PMID: 239110.
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    160. Letter: Rosette-forming cells. Lancet. 1975 Jun 07; 1(7919):1298. Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Lipow HW, Diamond LK. PMID: 48928.
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    161. Nucleoside-phosphorylase deficiency in a child with severely defective T-cell immunity and normal B-cell immunity. Lancet. 1975 May 03; 1(7914):1010-3. Giblett ER, Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Sandman R, Diamond LK. PMID: 48676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 184     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    162. Elevated IGA in carcinoma of the nasopharynx. Cancer. 1975 May; 35(5):1313-5. Wara WM, Wara DW, Phillips TL, Ammann AJ. PMID: 1122483.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    163. Persistent Clq deficiency in a patient with a systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome. J Pediatr. 1975 May; 86(5):743-5. Wara DW, Reiter EO, Doyle NE, Gewurz H, Ammann AJ. PMID: 1079532.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    164. Immunosuppression following radiation therapy for carcinoma of the nasopharynx. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1975 Mar; 123(3):482-5. Wara WM, Phillips TL, Wara DW, Ammann AJ, Smith V. PMID: 804821.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    165. Activation of T-cells rosettes in immunodeficient patients by thymosin. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1975 Feb 28; 249:308-15. Wara DW, Ammann AJ. PMID: 1079429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    166. Thymosin activity in patients with cellular immunodeficiency. N Engl J Med. 1975 Jan 09; 292(2):70-4. Wara DW, Goldstein AL, Doyle NE, Ammann AJ. PMID: 1078552.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    167. Fetal thymus glands obtained from prostaglandin-induced abortions. Cellular immune function in vitro and evidence of in vivo thymocyte activity following transplantation. Transplantation. 1974 Nov; 18(5):387-90. Wara DW, Golbus MS, Ammann AJ. PMID: 4154522.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    168. Transfer factor: therapy in patients with deficient cell-mediated immunity and deficient antibody-mediated immunity. Cell Immunol. 1974 Apr; 12(1):94-101. Ammann AJ, Wara D, Salmon S. PMID: 4156497.
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    169. Letter: T-cell rosettes in thyrotoxic Graves's disease. N Engl J Med. 1973 11 22; 289(21):1145-6. Wara DW, Reiter EO, Ammann AJ, Kaplan SL. PMID: 4543183.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    170. Thymus transplantation. Permanent reconstitution of cellular immunity in a patient with sex-linked combined immunodeficiency. N Engl J Med. 1973 Jul 05; 289(1):5-9. Ammann AJ, Wara DW, Salmon S, Perkins H. PMID: 4145369.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells