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George Sawaya, MD

Title(s)Professor, Ob/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-885-7788
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Hendrix CollegeBA1985Chemistry
    Vanderbilt UniversityMD1990School of Medicine
    University of California, San FranciscoResidency 1994School of Medicine
    University of California, San FranciscoFellowship1996VA, Epidemiology & Biostatistics
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2019Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr George Sawaya is an obstetrician-gynecologist and a professor in Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Epidemiology & Biostatistics at UCSF. His main research interest is in cervical cancer screening with particular interest in patient-centered and economic effects of various screening strategies. He has served as an invited expert to CDC and the American Cancer Society.

    He is the director of the Colposcopy and Cervical Dysplasia Clinic at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital. He has taught the core curriculum in clinical decision making, evidence-based medicine and value-based decision-making at the UCSF School of Medicine for over a decade. He has received the Academic Senate Distinction in Teaching Award and is a member of the UCSF Academy of Medical Educators. He served as the inaugural Director of the Pathways to Discovery Program in Clinical and Translational Research and currently serves as the Educational Lead for the UCSF Center for Healthcare Value.

    Dr Sawaya earned a medical degree at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. He completed his internship and residency at UCSF and a fellowship in UCSF's Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics. He is a former member of the US Preventive Services Task Force.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Using comparative effectiveness analyses to optimize cervical cancer screening
    NIH/NCI R01CA169093Mar 8, 2013 - Feb 28, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING IN OLDER WOMEN
    NIH/NCI K08CA074973Aug 8, 1997 - Jul 31, 2002
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH/NCRR M01RR000079Dec 1, 1974 - Sep 29, 2006
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Effectiveness of 'catch-up' human papillomavirus vaccination to prevent cervical neoplasia in immunosuppressed and non-immunosuppressed women. Vaccine. 2020 Jun 15; 38(29):4520-4523. Silverberg MJ, Leyden WA, Lam JO, Chao CR, Gregorich SE, Huchko MJ, Kulasingam S, Kuppermann M, Smith-McCune KK, Sawaya GF. PMID: 32446836.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. 2019 ASCCP Risk-Based Management Consensus Guidelines for Abnormal Cervical Cancer Screening Tests and Cancer Precursors. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2020 04; 24(2):102-131. Perkins RB, Guido RS, Castle PE, Chelmow D, Einstein MH, Garcia F, Huh WK, Kim JJ, Moscicki AB, Nayar R, Saraiya M, Sawaya GF, Wentzensen N, Schiffman M. PMID: 32243307.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    3. Prevalence of Potentially Unnecessary Bimanual Pelvic Examinations and Papanicolaou Tests Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women Aged 15-20 Years in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2020 Jan 06. Qin J, Saraiya M, Martinez G, Sawaya GF. PMID: 31904768.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    4. Social Media as a Tool to Promote Health Awareness: Results from an Online Cervical Cancer Prevention Study. J Cancer Educ. 2019 Aug; 34(4):819-822. Lyson HC, Le GM, Zhang J, Rivadeneira N, Lyles C, Radcliffe K, Pasick RJ, Sawaya G, Sarkar U, Centola D. PMID: 29948924.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. Effect of cost exposure on medical students' preferred mammography screening strategies: A randomized comparison. Med Teach. 2019 11; 41(11):1293-1297. Nguyen C, Sawaya GF, Hoffman A. PMID: 31339438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. Estimated Quality of Life and Economic Outcomes Associated With 12 Cervical Cancer Screening Strategies: A Cost-effectiveness Analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2019 07 01; 179(7):867-878. Sawaya GF, Sanstead E, Alarid-Escudero F, Smith-McCune K, Gregorich SE, Silverberg MJ, Leyden W, Huchko MJ, Kuppermann M, Kulasingam S. PMID: 31081851.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    7. Facts or stories? How to use social media for cervical cancer prevention: A multi-method study of the effects of sender type and content type on increased message sharing. Prev Med. 2019 09; 126:105751. Zhang J, Le G, Larochelle D, Pasick R, Sawaya GF, Sarkar U, Centola D. PMID: 31226342.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Receipt of Pelvic Examinations Among Women Aged 15-44 in the United States, 1988-2017. NCHS Data Brief. 2019 Jun; (339):1-8. Martinez GM, Qin J, Saraiya M, Sawaya GF. PMID: 31442190.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Cervical Cancer Screening: More Choices in 2019. JAMA. 2019 May 28; 321(20):2018-2019. Sawaya GF, Smith-McCune K, Kuppermann M. PMID: 31135834.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    10. Perceptions of cervical cancer prevention on Twitter uncovered by different sampling strategies. PLoS One. 2019; 14(2):e0211931. Le GM, Radcliffe K, Lyles C, Lyson HC, Wallace B, Sawaya G, Pasick R, Centola D, Sarkar U. PMID: 30742683.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Hot flushes, coronary heart disease, and hormone therapy in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2018 11; 25(11):1286-1290. Huang AJ, Sawaya GF, Vittinghoff E, Lin F, Grady D. PMID: 30358724.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Cervical Cancer Screening-Moving From the Value of Evidence to the Evidence of Value. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 10 01; 178(10):1293-1295. Sawaya GF. PMID: 30140917.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    13. Effectiveness of catch-up human papillomavirus vaccination on incident cervical neoplasia in a US health-care setting: a population-based case-control study. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2018 10; 2(10):707-714. Silverberg MJ, Leyden WA, Lam JO, Gregorich SE, Huchko MJ, Kulasingam S, Kuppermann M, Smith-McCune KK, Sawaya GF. PMID: 30236379.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Equal Management of Equal Risks: What Should be Used as the Standard for Cervical Cancer Prevention? J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2018 Jul; 22(3):237-241. Kinney WK, Perkins RB, Sawaya GF. PMID: 29794532.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Recent intrauterine device use and the risk of precancerous cervical lesions and cervical cancer. Contraception. 2018 Apr 17. Averbach S, Silverberg MJ, Leyden W, Smith-McCune K, Raine-Bennett T, Sawaya GF. PMID: 29673740.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    16. Screening for Ovarian Cancer: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force. JAMA. 2018 02 13; 319(6):595-606. Henderson JT, Webber EM, Sawaya GF. PMID: 29450530.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    17. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)- and Non-HIV-Associated Immunosuppression and Risk of Cervical Neoplasia. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 01; 131(1):47-55. Silverberg MJ, Leyden WA, Chi A, Gregorich S, Huchko MJ, Kulasingam S, Kuppermann M, Seto A, Smith-McCune KK, Sawaya GF. PMID: 29215531.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Effect of professional society recommendations on women's desire for a routine pelvic examination. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 09; 217(3):338.e1-338.e7. Sawaya GF, Smith-McCune KK, Gregorich SE, Moghadassi M, Kuppermann M. PMID: 28528899.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Cervical Cancer Screening. Med Clin North Am. 2017 Jul; 101(4):743-753. Sawaya GF, Huchko MJ. PMID: 28577624.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Screening Pelvic Examinations: The Emperor's New Clothes, Now in 3 Sizes? JAMA Intern Med. 2017 04 01; 177(4):467-468. Sawaya GF. PMID: 28267832.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    21. Women's beliefs about the purpose and value of routine pelvic examinations. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 07; 217(1):86.e1-86.e6. Norrell LL, Kuppermann M, Moghadassi MN, Sawaya GF. PMID: 28040449.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Cervical cancer screening in women over 65. CON: Reasons for uncertainty. Gynecol Oncol. 2016 09; 142(3):383-4. Sawaya GF. PMID: 27545586.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    23. Population-based screening for cancer: hope and hype. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2016 09; 13(9):550-65. Shieh Y, Eklund M, Sawaya GF, Black WC, Kramer BS, Esserman LJ. PMID: 27071351.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    24. Cervical Cancer Screening. Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Mar; 127(3):459-67. Sawaya GF, Smith-McCune K. PMID: 26855089.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    25. Obstetrician-Gynecologist Practices and Beliefs Regarding External Genitalia Inspection and Speculum Examinations in Healthy Older Asymptomatic Women. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2016 Feb; 64(2):293-8. Hsu A, Henderson JT, Harper CC, Sawaya GF. PMID: 26805728.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Re-envisioning the Annual Well-Woman Visit: The Task Forward. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Oct; 126(4):695-6. Sawaya GF. PMID: 26348172.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    27. Obstetrician-gynecologists' beliefs about performing less cervical cancer screening: the pendulum swings. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Nov; 213(5):744-5. Schneider A, Henderson JT, Harper CC, Hsu A, Saraiya M, Sawaya GF. PMID: 26184779.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    28. Acceptable and Preferred Cervical Cancer Screening Intervals Among U.S. Women. Am J Prev Med. 2015 Dec; 49(6):e99-107. Cooper CP, Saraiya M, Sawaya GF. PMID: 26141914.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    29. Cervical Cancer Screening in Average-Risk Women: Best Practice Advice From the Clinical Guidelines Committee of the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jun 16; 162(12):851-9. Sawaya GF, Kulasingam S, Denberg TD, Qaseem A. PMID: 25928075.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    30. A randomized trial comparing the diagnostic accuracy of visual inspection with acetic acid to Visual Inspection with Lugol's Iodine for cervical cancer screening in HIV-infected women. PLoS One. 2015; 10(4):e0118568. Huchko MJ, Sneden J, Zakaras JM, Smith-McCune K, Sawaya G, Maloba M, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 25849627.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    31. Defining competencies for education in health care value: recommendations from the University of California, San Francisco Center for Healthcare Value Training Initiative. Acad Med. 2015 Apr; 90(4):421-4. Moriates C, Dohan D, Spetz J, Sawaya GF. PMID: 25354077.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    
    32. Identifying a "range of reasonable options" for cervical cancer screening. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Feb; 125(2):308-10. Sawaya GF, Kuppermann M. PMID: 25569012.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. Shared decision-making: easy to evoke, challenging to implement. JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Feb; 175(2):167-8. Kuppermann M, Sawaya GF. PMID: 25436939.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Women's clinical preventive services in the United States: who is doing what? JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Sep; 174(9):1512-4. Stormo AR, Saraiya M, Hing E, Henderson JT, Sawaya GF. PMID: 25003954.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    35. Screening pelvic examinations: right, wrong, or rite? Ann Intern Med. 2014 Jul 01; 161(1):78-9. Sawaya GF, Jacoby V. PMID: 24979453.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    36. Obstetrician-gynecologists' beliefs on the importance of pelvic examinations in assessing hormonal contraception eligibility. Contraception. 2014 Dec; 90(6):612-4. Yu JM, Henderson JT, Harper CC, Sawaya GF. PMID: 25108582.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Accuracy of visual inspection with acetic acid to detect cervical cancer precursors among HIV-infected women in Kenya. Int J Cancer. 2015 Jan 15; 136(2):392-8. Huchko MJ, Sneden J, Sawaya G, Smith-McCune K, Maloba M, Abdulrahim N, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 24889387.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. Type-specific HPV and Pap test results among low-income, underserved women: providing insights into management strategies. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Oct; 211(4):354.e1-6. Saraiya M, Benard VB, Greek AA, Steinau M, Patel S, Massad LS, Sawaya GF, Unger ER. PMID: 24813971.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    39. U.S. clinicians' perspectives on less frequent routine gynecologic examinations. Prev Med. 2014 May; 62:49-53. Henderson JT, Yu JM, Harper CC, Sawaya GF. PMID: 24518004.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Is there an association between HIV-1 genital shedding and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3 among women on antiretroviral therapy? J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2013 Jul; 17(3):354-60. Huchko MJ, Woo V, Liegler T, Leddy A, Smith-McCune K, Sawaya GF, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 23486070.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    41. Cervical cancer screening intervals, 2006 to 2009: moving beyond annual testing. JAMA Intern Med. 2013 May 27; 173(10):922-4. Berkowitz Z, Saraiya M, Sawaya GF. PMID: 23568334.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Association of cervical biopsy with HIV type 1 genital shedding among women on highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Jul; 29(7):1000-5. Woo VG, Liegler T, Cohen CR, Sawaya GF, Smith-McCune K, Bukusi EA, Huchko MJ. PMID: 23594240.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    43. Impact of loop electrosurgical excision procedure for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia on HIV-1 genital shedding: a prospective cohort study. BJOG. 2013 Sep; 120(10):1233-9. Huchko MJ, Woo VG, Liegler T, Leslie H, Smith-McCune K, Sawaya GF, Bukusi EA, Cohen CR. PMID: 23647852.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    44. Receipt of cervical cancer screening in female veterans: impact of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Womens Health Issues. 2013 May-Jun; 23(3):e153-9. Weitlauf JC, Jones S, Xu X, Finney JW, Moos RH, Sawaya GF, Frayne SM. PMID: 23660429.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. New guidelines: it's complicated. Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Apr; 121(4):703-4. Sawaya GF. PMID: 23635667.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. NIH consensus development conference: diagnosing gestational diabetes mellitus. NIH Consens State Sci Statements. 2013 Mar 06; 29(1):1-31. Vandorsten JP, Dodson WC, Espeland MA, Grobman WA, Guise JM, Mercer BM, Minkoff HL, Poindexter B, Prosser LA, Sawaya GF, Scott JR, Silver RM, Smith L, Thomas A, Tita AT. PMID: 23748438.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 50     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    47. Treatment patterns for cervical carcinoma in situ in Michigan, 1998-2003. J Registry Manag. 2013; 40(2):84-92. Patel DA, Saraiya M, Copeland G, Cote ML, Datta SD, Sawaya GF. PMID: 24002133.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Routine bimanual pelvic examinations: practices and beliefs of US obstetrician-gynecologists. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Feb; 208(2):109.e1-7. Henderson JT, Harper CC, Gutin S, Saraiya M, Chapman J, Sawaya GF. PMID: 23159688.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Changes to cervical cancer prevention guidelines: effects on screening among U.S. women ages 15-29. Prev Med. 2013 Jan; 56(1):25-9. Henderson JT, Saraiya M, Martinez G, Harper CC, Sawaya GF. PMID: 23137444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    50. Evidence at the point of practice change: lung cancer screening. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Oct 08; 172(18):1415-7. Sawaya GF, Tice JA. PMID: 22965303.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    51. Colorectal cancer screening: what do women from diverse ethnic groups want? J Gen Intern Med. 2013 Feb; 28(2):239-46. Walsh JM, Kim SE, Sawaya G, Kaplan CP, Wong ST, Gregorich SE, Pérez-Stable EJ. PMID: 22968796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    52. Willingness to use tamoxifen to prevent breast cancer among diverse women. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2012 May; 133(1):357-66. Kaplan CP, Kim SE, Wong ST, Sawaya GF, Walsh JM, Pérez-Stable EJ. PMID: 22315131.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Using visual displays to communicate risk of cancer to women from diverse race/ethnic backgrounds. Patient Educ Couns. 2012 Jun; 87(3):327-35. Wong ST, Pérez-Stable EJ, Kim SE, Gregorich SE, Sawaya GF, Walsh JM, Washington AE, Kaplan CP. PMID: 22244322.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    54. Pelvic examinations in asymptomatic women: tipping a sacred cow. Arch Intern Med. 2011 Dec 12; 171(22):2054-5. Sawaya GF. PMID: 22158577.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    55. Investigating Potential Associations between Cervical Procedures and HIV Acquisition. ISRN Obstet Gynecol. 2011; 2011:789106. Diouf K, Sawaya GF, Shiboski S, Magure T, Makunike-Mutasa R, Darragh TM, Tuveson J, Chipato T, Palefsky JM, Moscicki AB, Chirenje M, Smith-McCune K. PMID: 22191049.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    56. Performance of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' ovarian tumor referral guidelines with a multivariate index assay. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Nov; 118(5):1178; author reply 1178-9. Sawaya GF, Jacoby V. PMID: 22015896.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Reconsidering the criteria for evaluating proposed screening programs: reflections from 4 current and former members of the U.S. Preventive services task force. Epidemiol Rev. 2011; 33:20-35. Harris R, Sawaya GF, Moyer VA, Calonge N. PMID: 21666224.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    58. Updated recommendations for breast cancer screening. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Dec; 22(6):498-505. Gregory KD, Sawaya GF. PMID: 20978442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    59. Pelvic examinations and access to oral hormonal contraception. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Dec; 116(6):1257-64. Henderson JT, Sawaya GF, Blum M, Stratton L, Harper CC. PMID: 21099589.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Surveillance after treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: outcomes, costs, and cost-effectiveness. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Nov; 116(5):1158-70. Melnikow J, Kulasingam S, Slee C, Helms LJ, Kuppermann M, Birch S, McGahan CE, Coldman A, Chan BK, Sawaya GF. PMID: 20966702.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    61. The new mammographic screening guidelines: what were they thinking? Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Nov; 116(5):1216; author reply 1216-7. Sawaya GF, Gregory KD. PMID: 20966713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Preferences for surveillance strategies for women treated for high-grade precancerous cervical lesions. Gynecol Oncol. 2010 Aug 01; 118(2):108-15. Kuppermann M, Melnikow J, Slee C, Tancredi DJ, Kulasingam S, Birch S, Helms LJ, Bayoumi AM, Sawaya GF. PMID: 20553960.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Rightsizing cervical cancer screening: comment on "Cervical cancer screening with both human papillomavirus and Papanicolaou testing vs Papanicolaou testing alone". Arch Intern Med. 2010 Jun 14; 170(11):985-6. Sawaya GF. PMID: 20548012.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    64. Type-specific cervico-vaginal human papillomavirus infection increases risk of HIV acquisition independent of other sexually transmitted infections. PLoS One. 2010 Apr 08; 5(4):e10094. Smith-McCune KK, Shiboski S, Chirenje MZ, Magure T, Tuveson J, Ma Y, Da Costa M, Moscicki AB, Palefsky JM, Makunike-Mutasa R, Chipato T, van der Straten A, Sawaya GF. PMID: 20386706.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Update on quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccination and pregnancy outcomes: is contraception advisable? Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Dec; 114(6):1168-9. Smith-McCune K, Sawaya GF. PMID: 19935015.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Cervical-cancer screening--new guidelines and the balance between benefits and harms. N Engl J Med. 2009 Dec 24; 361(26):2503-5. Sawaya GF. PMID: 19940285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    67. Hot flushes, coronary heart disease, and hormone therapy in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2009 Jul-Aug; 16(4):639-43. Huang AJ, Sawaya GF, Vittinghoff E, Lin F, Grady D. PMID: 19325499.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia outcomes after treatment: long-term follow-up from the British Columbia Cohort Study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2009 May 20; 101(10):721-8. Melnikow J, McGahan C, Sawaya GF, Ehlen T, Coldman A. PMID: 19436026.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    69. Cervical human papillomavirus incidence and persistence in a cohort of HIV-negative women in Zimbabwe. Sex Transm Dis. 2009 May; 36(5):305-11. Fukuchi E, Sawaya GF, Chirenje M, Magure T, Tuveson J, Ma Y, Shiboski S, Da Costa M, Palefsky J, Moscicki AB, Makunike-Mutasa R, Chipato T, Smith-McCune KK. PMID: 19295468.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    70. MF101, a selective estrogen receptor beta modulator for the treatment of menopausal hot flushes: a phase II clinical trial. Menopause. 2009 May-Jun; 16(3):458-65. Grady D, Sawaya GF, Johnson KC, Koltun W, Hess R, Vittinghoff E, Kristof M, Tagliaferri M, Cohen I, Ensrud KE. PMID: 19182698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    71. Frequency and severity of hot flashes and sleep disturbance in postmenopausal women with hot flashes. Menopause. 2009 Mar-Apr; 16(2):286-92. Ensrud KE, Stone KL, Blackwell TL, Sawaya GF, Tagliaferri M, Diem SJ, Grady D. PMID: 19002015.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Update on the methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: insufficient evidence. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Feb 03; 150(3):199-205. Petitti DB, Teutsch SM, Barton MB, Sawaya GF, Ockene JK, DeWitt T. PMID: 19189910.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    
    73. Posttreatment human papillomavirus testing for recurrent cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a systematic review. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Apr; 200(4):422.e1-9. Chan BK, Melnikow J, Slee CA, Arellanes R, Sawaya GF. PMID: 19167697.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    74. Oophorectomy as a risk factor for coronary heart disease. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Feb; 200(2):140.e1-9. Jacoby VL, Grady D, Sawaya GF. PMID: 19019330.
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    75. Effect of diaphragm and lubricant gel provision on human papillomavirus infection among women provided with condoms: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 11; 112(5):990-7. Sawaya GF, Chirenje MZ, Magure MT, Tuveson JL, Ma Y, Shiboski SC, Da Costa MM, Palefsky JM, Moscicki AB, Mutasa RM, Chipato T, Smith-McCune KK. PMID: 18978097.
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    76. Ending cervical cancer screening: attitudes and beliefs from ethnically diverse older women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Jan; 200(1):40.e1-7. Sawaya GF, Iwaoka-Scott AY, Kim S, Wong ST, Huang AJ, Washington AE, Pérez-Stable EJ. PMID: 18976734.
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    77. Preferences for human papillomavirus testing with routine cervical cancer screening in diverse older women. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Sep; 23(9):1324-9. Huang AJ, Pérez-Stable EJ, Kim SE, Wong ST, Kaplan CP, Walsh JM, Iwaoka-Scott AY, Sawaya GF. PMID: 18506546.
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    78. Persistent hot flushes in older postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Apr 28; 168(8):840-6. Huang AJ, Grady D, Jacoby VL, Blackwell TL, Bauer DC, Sawaya GF. PMID: 18443259.
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    79. Association between cancer risk perception and screening behavior among diverse women. Arch Intern Med. 2008 Apr 14; 168(7):728-34. Kim SE, Pérez-Stable EJ, Wong S, Gregorich S, Sawaya GF, Walsh JM, Kaplan CP. PMID: 18413555.
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    80. Adding human papillomavirus testing to cytology for primary cervical cancer screening: shooting first and asking questions later. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Apr 01; 148(7):557-9. Sawaya GF. PMID: 18378951.
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    81. USPSTF recommendations for STI screening. Am Fam Physician. 2008 Mar 15; 77(6):819-24. Meyers D, Wolff T, Gregory K, Marion L, Moyer V, Nelson H, Petitti D, Sawaya GF. PMID: 18386598.
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    82. Evidence-based medicine versus liquid-based cytology. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jan; 111(1):2-3. Sawaya GF. PMID: 18165385.
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    83. Update on the methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force: estimating certainty and magnitude of net benefit. Ann Intern Med. 2007 Dec 18; 147(12):871-5. Sawaya GF, Guirguis-Blake J, LeFevre M, Harris R, Petitti D. PMID: 18087058.
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    84. Trials that matter: liquid-based cervical cytology: disadvantages seem to outweigh advantages. Ann Intern Med. 2007 Nov 06; 147(9):668-9. Sawaya GF, Sox HC. PMID: 17975190.
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    85. How to read the new recommendation statement: methods update from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2007 Jul 17; 147(2):123-7. Barton MB, Miller T, Wolff T, Petitti D, LeFevre M, Sawaya G, Yawn B, Guirguis-Blake J, Calonge N, Harris R. PMID: 17576997.
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    86. HPV vaccination--more answers, more questions. N Engl J Med. 2007 May 10; 356(19):1991-3. Sawaya GF, Smith-McCune K. PMID: 17494933.
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    87. Ineffectiveness of sertraline for treatment of menopausal hot flushes: a randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Apr; 109(4):823-30. Grady D, Cohen B, Tice J, Kristof M, Olyaie A, Sawaya GF. PMID: 17400842.
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    88. Outcomes associated with cesarean section versus vaginal breech delivery at a university hospital. J Perinatol. 2007 Mar; 27(3):141-6. Hopkins LM, Esakoff T, Noah MS, Moore DH, Sawaya GF, Laros RK. PMID: 17036031.
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    89. Effect of Replens gel used with a diaphragm on tests for human papillomavirus and other lower genital tract infections. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2006 Oct; 10(4):213-8. Smith-McCune KK, Tuveson JL, Rubin MM, Da Costa MM, Darragh TM, Shiboski SC, Van Der Pol B, Moscicki AB, Palefsky JM, Sawaya GF. PMID: 17012985.
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    90. Cost-effectiveness of extending cervical cancer screening intervals among women with prior normal pap tests. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Feb; 107(2 Pt 1):321-8. Kulasingam SL, Myers ER, Lawson HW, McConnell KJ, Kerlikowske K, Melnikow J, Washington AE, Sawaya GF. PMID: 16449119.
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    91. Discontinuation of postmenopausal hormone therapy. Am J Med. 2005 Dec 19; 118 Suppl 12B:163-5. Grady D, Sawaya GF. PMID: 16414343.
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    92. A 21-year-old woman with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance. JAMA. 2005 Nov 02; 294(17):2210-8. Sawaya GF. PMID: 16264163.
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    93. Cervical cancer screening continues to limit provision of contraception. Contraception. 2005 Sep; 72(3):179-81. Schwarz EB, Saint M, Gildengorin G, Weitz TA, Stewart FH, Sawaya GF. PMID: 16102551.
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    94. Cervical cancer after multiple negative cytologic tests in long-term members of a prepaid health plan. Acta Cytol. 2005 Jul-Aug; 49(4):391-7. Sawaya GF, Sung HY, Kinney W, Kearney KA, Miller MG, Hiatt RA. PMID: 16124168.
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    95. Current cervical neoplasia screening practices of obstetrician/gynecologists in the US. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Feb; 192(2):414-21. Saint M, Gildengorin G, Sawaya GF. PMID: 15695980.
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    96. Papanicolaou testing: when does more become less? Am J Med. 2005 Feb; 118(2):159-60. Sawaya GF. PMID: 15694901.
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    97. Cervical cancer screening among women without a cervix. JAMA. 2004 Oct 06; 292(13):1551; author reply 1551-2. Saraiya M, Sawaya GF. PMID: 15467052.
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    98. Should routine screening Papanicolaou smears be done for women older than 65 years? Arch Intern Med. 2004 Feb 09; 164(3):243-5; discussion 247-8. Sawaya GF. PMID: 14769617.
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    99. Risk of cervical cancer associated with extending the interval between cervical-cancer screenings. N Engl J Med. 2003 Oct 16; 349(16):1501-9. Sawaya GF, McConnell KJ, Kulasingam SL, Lawson HW, Kerlikowske K, Melnikow J, Lee NC, Gildengorin G, Myers ER, Washington AE. PMID: 14561792.
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    100. Changes in cervical cancer incidence after three decades of screening US women less than 30 years old. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Oct; 102(4):765-73. Chan PG, Sung HY, Sawaya GF. PMID: 14551007.
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    101. Stage at diagnosis and mortality in patients with adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix diagnosed as a consequence of cytologic screening. Acta Cytol. 2003 Mar-Apr; 47(2):167-71. Kinney W, Sawaya GF, Sung HY, Kearney KA, Miller M, Hiatt RA. PMID: 12685183.
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    102. Screening interval and risk of invasive squamous cell cervical cancer. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jan; 101(1):29-37. Miller MG, Sung HY, Sawaya GF, Kearney KA, Kinney W, Hiatt RA. PMID: 12517642.
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    103. Testing for human papillomavirus in women with abnormal pap smear results. JAMA. 2002 Sep 18; 288(11):1350-1; author reply 1351-2. Sawaya GF, Smith-McCune K. PMID: 12234220.
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    104. Advancing age and cervical cancer screening and prognosis. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Nov; 49(11):1499-504. Sawaya GF, Sung HY, Kearney KA, Miller M, Kinney W, Hiatt RA, Mandelblatt J. PMID: 11890589.
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    105. Clinical practice. Current approaches to cervical-cancer screening. N Engl J Med. 2001 May 24; 344(21):1603-7. Sawaya GF, Brown AD, Washington AE, Garber AM. PMID: 11372013.
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    106. Clinical breast and pelvic examination requirements for hormonal contraception: Current practice vs evidence. JAMA. 2001 May 02; 285(17):2232-9. Stewart FH, Harper CC, Ellertson CE, Grimes DA, Sawaya GF, Trussell J. PMID: 11325325.
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    107. Cervical neoplasia risk in women provided hormonal contraception without a Pap smear. Contraception. 2001 Feb; 63(2):57-60. Sawaya GF, Harper C, Balistreri E, Boggess J, Darney P. PMID: 11292467.
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    108. The positive predictive value of cervical smears in previously screened postmenopausal women: the Heart and Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study (HERS). Ann Intern Med. 2000 Dec 19; 133(12):942-50. Sawaya GF, Grady D, Kerlikowske K, Valleur JL, Barnabei VM, Bass K, Snyder TE, Pickar JH, Agarwal SK, Mandelblatt J. PMID: 11119395.
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    109. Hysterectomy and urinary incontinence: a systematic review. Lancet. 2000 Aug 12; 356(9229):535-9. Brown JS, Sawaya G, Thom DH, Grady D. PMID: 10950229.
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    110. Frequency of cervical smear abnormalities within 3 years of normal cytology. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Aug; 96(2):219-23. Sawaya GF, Kerlikowske K, Lee NC, Gildengorin G, Washington AE. PMID: 10908766.
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    111. Papanicolaou smear history and diagnosis of invasive cervical carcinoma among members of a large prepaid health plan. Cancer. 2000 May 15; 88(10):2283-9. Sung HY, Kearney KA, Miller M, Kinney W, Sawaya GF, Hiatt RA. PMID: 10820350.
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    112. Cervical cancer screening: which techniques should be used and why? Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Dec; 42(4):922-38. Sawaya GF, Washington AE. PMID: 10572705.
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    113. New technologies in cervical cytology screening: a word of caution. Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Aug; 94(2):307-10. Sawaya GF, Grimes DA. PMID: 10432148.
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    114. Invasive cervical cancer in members of a prepaid health plan: the effect of menopausal status on disease characteristics. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 1999 Jan; 3(1):41. Sawaya G, Sung H, Kearney K, Miller M, Kinney W, Hiatt R. PMID: 25950313.
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    115. Missed opportunities for cervical cancer screening of HMO members developing invasive cervical cancer (ICC). Gynecol Oncol. 1998 Dec; 71(3):428-30. Kinney W, Sung HY, Kearney KA, Miller M, Sawaya G, Hiatt RA. PMID: 9887244.
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    116. Postmenopausal hormone therapy increases risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Am J Med. 1998 Jul; 105(1):41-3. Grady D, Sawaya G. PMID: 9688020.
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    117. Estrogen therapy in postmenopausal women: effects on cognitive function and dementia. JAMA. 1998 Mar 04; 279(9):688-95. Yaffe K, Sawaya G, Lieberburg I, Grady D. PMID: 9496988.
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    118. Antibiotics at the time of induced abortion: the case for universal prophylaxis based on a meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 1996 May; 87(5 Pt 2):884-90. Sawaya GF, Grady D, Kerlikowske K, Grimes DA. PMID: 8677129.
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    119. Hepatotoxicity with the administration of nifedipine for treatment of preterm labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Aug; 167(2):512-3. Sawaya GF, Robertson PA. PMID: 1497061.
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