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Jeffrey Milush, PhD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone628-206-3881
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-0773-6411 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, DallasMolecular Microbiology2005Microbiology
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, DallasPostdoctoral StudiesInfectious Diseases
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral StudiesGraduate Division

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Jeff Milush is an Associate Adjunct Professor of Medicine in the Division of Experimental Medicine (DEM) at the University of California San Francisco. He received a B.S. degree from Youngstown State University and a Ph.D. degree in Molecular Microbiology from the University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center in 2005. He joined the UCSF Division of Experimental Medicine faculty in 2011. Dr. Milush directs the UCSF Core Immunology Laboratory that provides consulting, sample processing and immunologic assays to basic and translational research projects.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Role of Monocyte Oxidative Stress and Mineralocorticoid Receptor Signaling on Cardiovascular Disease and Persistent Inflammation in Antiretroviral-Treated HIV+ Persons
    NIH/NHLBI R21HL128123Sep 1, 2015 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Molecular effects of mind-body intervention on GC sensitivity and immune function
    NIH/NCCIH K01AT006153Apr 1, 2011 - Mar 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse In The News

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Prator CA, Thanh C, Kumar S, Pan T, Peluso MJ, Bosch R, Jones N, Milush JM, Bakkour S, Stone M, Busch MP, Deeks SG, Hunt PW, Henrich TJ. Circulating CD30+ CD4+ T Cells Increase Prior to HIV Rebound Following Analytical Antiretroviral Treatment Interruption. J Infect Dis. 2019 Nov 02. PMID: 31677350.
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    2. Lee E, Bacchetti P, Milush J, Shao W, Boritz E, Douek D, Fromentin R, Liegler T, Hoh R, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Chomont N, Palmer S. Memory CD4 + T-Cells Expressing HLA-DR Contribute to HIV Persistence During Prolonged Antiretroviral Therapy. Front Microbiol. 2019; 10:2214. PMID: 31611857.
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    3. McManus WR, Bale MJ, Spindler J, Wiegand A, Musick A, Patro SC, Sobolewski MD, Musick VK, Anderson EM, Cyktor JC, Halvas EK, Shao W, Wells D, Wu X, Keele BF, Milush JM, Hoh R, Mellors JW, Hughes SH, Deeks SG, Coffin JM, Kearney MF. HIV-1 in lymph nodes is maintained by cellular proliferation during antiretroviral therapy. J Clin Invest. 2019 Jul 30; 130. PMID: 31361603.
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    4. Jabs DA, Van Natta ML, Trang G, Jones N, Milush JM, Cheu R, Klatt NR, Pak JW, Danis RP, Hunt PW. Association of Systemic Inflammation With Retinal Vascular Caliber in Patients With AIDS. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2019 05 01; 60(6):2218-2225. PMID: 31108552.
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    5. Scully EP, Gandhi M, Johnston R, Hoh R, Lockhart A, Dobrowolski C, Pagliuzza A, Milush JM, Baker CA, Girling V, Ellefson A, Gorelick R, Lifson J, Altfeld M, Alter G, Cedars M, Solomon A, Lewin SR, Karn J, Chomont N, Bacchetti P, Deeks SG. Sex-Based Differences in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Reservoir Activity and Residual Immune Activation. J Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 15; 219(7):1084-1094. PMID: 30371873.
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    6. Jabs DA, Van Natta ML, Trang G, Jones NG, Milush JM, Cheu R, Klatt NR, Danis RP, Hunt PW. Association of Age-related Macular Degeneration With Mortality in Patients With Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Role of Systemic Inflammation. Am J Ophthalmol. 2019 Mar; 199:230-237. PMID: 30552890.
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    7. Wang CC, Thanh C, Gibson EA, Ball-Burack M, Hogan LE, Descours B, Jones N, Carvidi AB, Munter S, Bakkour S, Busch MP, Milush JM, Deeks SG, Henrich TJ. Transient loss of detectable HIV-1 RNA following brentuximab vedotin anti-CD30 therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood Adv. 2018 12 11; 2(23):3479-3482. PMID: 30530753.
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    8. Telwatte S, Lee S, Somsouk M, Hatano H, Baker C, Kaiser P, Kim P, Chen TH, Milush J, Hunt PW, Deeks SG, Wong JK, Yukl SA. Gut and blood differ in constitutive blocks to HIV transcription, suggesting tissue-specific differences in the mechanisms that govern HIV latency. PLoS Pathog. 2018 11; 14(11):e1007357. PMID: 30440043.
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    9. Kattah MG, Milush JM, Burt T, McCabe RP, Whang MI, Ma A, Mahadevan U. Correction: Anti-TNF and thiopurine therapy in pregnant IBD patients does not significantly alter a panel of B-cell and T-cell subsets in 1-year-old infants. Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2018 07 31; 9(7):172. PMID: 30065242.
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    10. Lin J, Sun J, Wang S, Milush JM, Baker CAR, Coccia M, Effros RB, Puterman E, Blackburn E, Prather AA, Epel E. In vitro proinflammatory gene expression predicts in vivo telomere shortening: A preliminary study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2018 10; 96:179-187. PMID: 29980010.
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    11. Kattah MG, Milush JM, Burt T, McCabe RP, Whang MI, Ma A, Mahadevan U. Anti-TNF and thiopurine therapy in pregnant IBD patients does not significantly alter a panel of B-cell and T-cell subsets in 1-year-old infants. Clin Transl Gastroenterol. 2018 04 03; 9(4):143. PMID: 29618720.
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    12. Hiener B, Horsburgh BA, Eden JS, Barton K, Schlub TE, Lee E, von Stockenstrom S, Odevall L, Milush JM, Liegler T, Sinclair E, Hoh R, Boritz EA, Douek D, Fromentin R, Chomont N, Deeks SG, Hecht FM, Palmer S. Identification of Genetically Intact HIV-1 Proviruses in Specific CD4+ T Cells from Effectively Treated Participants. Cell Rep. 2017 Oct 17; 21(3):813-822. PMID: 29045846.
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    13. Gurfein BT, Hasdemir B, Milush JM, Touma C, Palme R, Nixon DF, Darcel N, Hecht FM, Bhargava A. Enriched environment and stress exposure influence splenic B lymphocyte composition. PLoS One. 2017; 12(7):e0180771. PMID: 28704473.
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    14. Ribeiro SP, Milush JM, Cunha-Neto E, Kallas EG, Kalil J, Passero LFD, Hunt PW, Deeks SG, Nixon DF, SenGupta D. Correction: p16INK4a Expression and Immunologic Aging in Chronic HIV Infection. PLoS One. 2017; 12(4):e0176509. PMID: 28426830.
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    15. Tomiyama AJ, Milush JM, Lin J, Flynn JM, Kapahi P, Verdin E, Sinclair E, Melov S, Epel ES. Long-term calorie restriction in humans is not associated with indices of delayed immunologic aging: A descriptive study. Nutr Healthy Aging. 2017 Mar 31; 4(2):147-156. PMID: 28447069.
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    16. Ribeiro SP, Milush JM, Cunha-Neto E, Kallas EG, Kalil J, Passero LFD, Hunt PW, Deeks SG, Nixon DF, SenGupta D. p16INK4a Expression and Immunologic Aging in Chronic HIV Infection. PLoS One. 2016; 11(11):e0166759. PMID: 27861555.
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    17. Aschbacher K, Milush JM, Gilbert A, Almeida C, Sinclair E, Epling L, Grenon SM, Marco EJ, Puterman E, Epel E. Chronic stress is associated with reduced circulating hematopoietic progenitor cell number: A maternal caregiving model. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Jan; 59:245-252. PMID: 27622676.
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    18. Bersani FS, Wolkowitz OM, Milush JM, Sinclair E, Eppling L, Aschbacher K, Lindqvist D, Yehuda R, Flory J, Bierer LM, Matokine I, Abu-Amara D, Reus VI, Coy M, Hough CM, Marmar CR, Mellon SH. A population of atypical CD56(-)CD16(+) natural killer cells is expanded in PTSD and is associated with symptom severity. Brain Behav Immun. 2016 Aug; 56:264-70. PMID: 27025668.
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    19. Daubenmier J, Moran PJ, Kristeller J, Acree M, Bacchetti P, Kemeny ME, Dallman M, Lustig RH, Grunfeld C, Nixon DF, Milush JM, Goldman V, Laraia B, Laugero KD, Woodhouse L, Epel ES, Hecht FM. Effects of a mindfulness-based weight loss intervention in adults with obesity: A randomized clinical trial. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Apr; 24(4):794-804. PMID: 26955895.
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    20. Peter Kuebler, Megha Mehrotra, Jeff McConnell, Sara Holditch, Brian Shaw, Leandro Tarosso, Kaitlyn Leadabrand, Jeffrey Milush, Vanessa York, Rui Andre Saraiva Raposo, Rex Cheng, Emily Eriksson, Vanessa McMahan, David Glidden, Stephen Shiboski, Robert Grant, Esper Kallas, Douglas Nixon. D-106 Cellular immune correlates analysis of an HIV-1 pre- exposure prophylaxis trial. 2016 Jan 1; 71(&NA;):54.
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    21. Kuebler PJ, Mehrotra ML, Shaw BI, Leadabrand KS, Milush JM, York VA, Defechereux P, Grant RM, Kallás EG, Nixon DF. Persistent HIV Type 1 Seronegative Status Is Associated With Lower CD8+ T-Cell Activation. J Infect Dis. 2016 Feb 15; 213(4):569-73. PMID: 26310308.
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    22. Kuebler PJ, Mehrotra ML, McConnell JJ, Holditch SJ, Shaw BI, Tarosso LF, Leadabrand KS, Milush JM, York VA, Raposo RA, Cheng RG, Eriksson EM, McMahan V, Glidden DV, Shiboski S, Grant RM, Nixon DF, Kallás EG. Cellular immune correlates analysis of an HIV-1 preexposure prophylaxis trial. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Jul 07; 112(27):8379-84. PMID: 26100867.
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    23. York VA, Milush JM. Ex vivo Human Natural Killer (NK) Cell Stimulation and Intracellular IFN? and CD107a Cytokine Staining. Bio Protoc. 2015 Jun 20; 5(12). PMID: 27453912.
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    24. Ribeiro SP, Milush JM, Cunha-Neto E, Kallas EG, Kalil J, Somsouk M, Hunt PW, Deeks SG, Nixon DF, SenGupta D. The CD8? memory stem T cell (T(SCM)) subset is associated with improved prognosis in chronic HIV-1 infection. J Virol. 2014 Dec; 88(23):13836-44. PMID: 25253339.
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    25. Blake Gurfein, Olga Davidenko, Mary Premenko-Lanier, Jeffrey Milush, Michael Acree, Mary Dallman, Chadi Touma, Rupert Palme, Vanessa York, Gilles Fromentin, Nicolas Darcel, Douglas Nixon, Frederick Hecht. Mouse Stress Reduction Alters Splenic Immune Cell Composition and Enhances Influenza Vaccine Responses. 2014 May 1; 20(5):a32-a32.
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    26. Gurfein BT, Davidenko O, Premenko-Lanier M, Milush JM, Acree M, Dallman MF, Touma C, Palme R, York VA, Fromentin G, Darcel N, Nixon DF, Hecht FM. Environmental enrichment alters splenic immune cell composition and enhances secondary influenza vaccine responses in mice. Mol Med. 2014 Apr 22; 20:179-90. PMID: 24687160.
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    27. Milush JM, López-Vergès S, York VA, Deeks SG, Martin JN, Hecht FM, Lanier LL, Nixon DF. CD56negCD16? NK cells are activated mature NK cells with impaired effector function during HIV-1 infection. Retrovirology. 2013 Dec 18; 10:158. PMID: 24351015.
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    28. Milush JM, Chen HL, Atteberry G, Sodora DL. Early detection of simian immunodeficiency virus in the central nervous system following oral administration to rhesus macaques. Front Immunol. 2013; 4:236. PMID: 23966995.
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    29. Snyder-Cappione JE, Nixon DF, Chi JC, Nguyen ML, Kirby CK, Milush JM, Koth LL. Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cell exhaustion in sarcoidosis. Eur J Immunol. 2013 Aug; 43(8):2194-205. PMID: 23661497.
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    30. Batista MD, Tincati C, Milush JM, Ho EL, Ndhlovu LC, York VA, Kallas EG, Kalil J, Keating SM, Norris PJ, Chang D, Unemori P, Leslie KS, Maurer T, Liao W, Nixon DF. CD57 expression and cytokine production by T cells in lesional and unaffected skin from patients with psoriasis. PLoS One. 2013; 8(2):e52144. PMID: 23468834.
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    31. Perez CL, Milush JM, Buggert M, Eriksson EM, Larsen MV, Liegler T, Hartogensis W, Bacchetti P, Lund O, Hecht FM, Nixon DF, Karlsson AC. Targeting of conserved gag-epitopes in early HIV infection is associated with lower plasma viral load and slower CD4(+) T cell depletion. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 Mar; 29(3):602-12. PMID: 23140171.
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    32. Batista MD, Ho EL, Kuebler PJ, Milush JM, Lanier LL, Kallas EG, York VA, Chang D, Liao W, Unemori P, Leslie KS, Maurer T, Nixon DF. Skewed distribution of natural killer cells in psoriasis skin lesions. Exp Dermatol. 2013 Jan; 22(1):64-6. PMID: 23278897.
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    33. ina Höhne, Hildegard Pfister, Tanja Brückl, Petra Zimmermann, Manfred Uhr, Florian Holsboer, Marcus Ising, Sandra Cornelisse, Vanessa A. van Ast, Marian Joëls, Merel Kindt, Nadine Skoluda, Johanna Marie Doerr, Urs Markus Nater, Myriam V. Thoma, Ulrike Ehlert, Barbara Vanaelst, Inge Huybrechts, Karin Bammann, Nathalie Michels, Tineke de Vriendt, Krishna Vyncke, Isabelle Sioen, Licia Iacoviello, Kathrin Gunther, Denes Molnar, Lauren Lissner, Noellie Rivet, Jean-Sebastien Raul, Stefaan de Henauw, Stefanie Eva Mayer, James L. Abelson, Thane Erickson, Hedieh Briggs, Jennifer Crocker, Israel Liberzon, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir, Kristina Glise, Gunnar Ahlborg, Anna Sjörs, Magdalena Buckert, Christiane Schwieren, Brigitte M. Kudielka, Christian J. Fiebach, Blake Gurfein, Andrew Stamm, Peter Bacchetti, Mary Dallman, Nachiket Nadkarni, Jeffrey Milush, Chadi Touma, Rupert Palme, Jan Pieter Konsman, Michael Acree, Mary Premenko-Lanier, Nicolas Darcel, Frederick Hecht, Douglas Nixon, Laura Ortega, Rosa Monseny, Itziar Montalvo, Núria Manzanares, Joan Franch, Brian R. Walker, Alfonso Gutiérrez-Zotes, Rebecca M. Reynolds, Javier Labad, Andrea Amaro Quesada, Rosana M. Tristão, Fernanda B. Vianna, Lucas B.D. Barbosa, Igor C. Carneiro, Caroline N. Minchillo, Riccardo Pratesi, Oliver T. Wolf, Nitsan Kozlovsky, Joseph Zohar, Zeev Kaplan, Hagit Cohen, Marcia J. Slattery, Adam J. Grieve, Elliott M. Paletz, Ned H. Kalin, Charissa Andreotti, Paige Garrard, Sneha Venkatraman, Linda Luecken, Bruce Compas, Katri Savolainen, Johan G. Eriksson, Laura Kananen, Eero Kajantie, Iiris Hovatta, Marius Lahti, Jari Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Kati Heinonen, Katri Räikkönen, Nagisa Sugaya, Shuhei Izawa, Keisuke Saito, Kentaro Shirotsuki, Shinobu Nomura, Hironori Shimada, Kazutaka Ikeda, Tobias Stalder, Clemens Kirschbaum, Robert Miller, Joachim Fischer, Anne Marita Milde, Tove Saga Nordling, Dag Øystein Nordanger, Kristin J. Ziegler, Jan-Felix Kersten, Schulamith Krüger, Karl-Heinz Schulz, Christoph Heesen, Stefan M. Gold, Jeffrey Milush, Vanessa York, Aric Prather, Douglas Nixon, Hecht Frederick, Elissa S. Epel, Nina Alexander, Franziska Rosenlöcher, Tobias Stalder, Julia Linke, Wolfgang Distler, Joachim Morgner, Clemens Kirschbaum, Mary Eileen Saczawa, Julia. A. Graber, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Malak Abu Shakra, Jens C. Pruessner, Alain Dagher, Marco Leyton, Robert Pihl, Owen M. Wolkowitz, Synthia H. Mellon, Yali Su, Victor I. Reus, Scott Mackin, Heather M. Burke, Rebecca Rosser, John Coetzee, Elissa S. Epel, Steven P. Hamilton, Craig J. Nelson, Laura Mahan, Michelle Coy, Michael W. Weiner, Susanne Mueller, Hannah Bruehl, Peter N.C. Mohr, Alex Hatri, Hauke R. Heekeren, Owen M. Wolkowitz, Jodie Bryk, Synthia H. Mellon, Elissa S. Epel, Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Jue Lin, Robert H. Lustig, Peter J. Havel, Victor I. Reus, Heather M. Burke, Rebecca Rosser, John Coetzee, Laura Mahan, Michelle Coy, Steven P. Hamilton, Craig J. Nelson, Agorastos Agorastos, Oliver Stiedl, Judith A. Boel, Pia S. Heppner, Torben Hager, Tobias Moeller-Bertram, Uzair Haji, Arame Motazedi, Dewleen G. Baker, Danielle Gianferante, Myriam V. Thoma, Juliette Saltz, Brian Dahlben, Holly Beaulac, Nicolas Rohleder, Chia-Ying Chou, Roberto La Marca, Andrew Steptoe, Chris R. Brewin, Jessie Frijling, Mirjam van Zuiden, Saskia Koch, Laura Nawijn, Dick Veltman, Miranda Olff, Anna Sjörs, Per-Anders Jansson, Jan W. Eriksson, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir, Tony W. Buchanan, Christina N. White, Mary Kralemann, Stephanie D. Preston, Victor L. Kallen, Jan-Willem Mark, Luc Bischoff, Ben van Ommen, Nico van Meeteren, Marie-France Marin, Catherine Raymond, Julie-Katia Morin-Major, Anne Hand, Robert-Paul Juster, Shireen Sindi, Sonia J. Lupien, Jinshia Ly, Sivan Rotenberg, Jennifer J. McGrath, Yrsa Bergmann Sverrisdóttir, Anna-Karin Lennartsson, Ingibjörg H. Jonsdottir, Pelle de Koning, Robert-Paul Juster, Nathan G. Smith, Philip J. Johnson, Jean-Philippe Lefebvre-Louis, Marie-France Marin, Shireen Sindi, Jens C. Pruessner, Sonia J. Lupien, Pierrich Plusquellec, Alexandra Fiocco, Sonia J. Lupien, Claudia Vega-Michel, Everardo Camacho, Robert Miller, Tobias Stalder, Fr...POSTERS. 2012 Dec 1; 3(1):19557.
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    34. Blake Gurfein, Andrew Stamm, Peter Bacchetti, Mary Dallman, Nachiket Nadkarni, Jeffrey Milush, Chadi Touma, Rupert Palme, Jan Pieter Konsman, Michael Acree, Mary Premenko-Lanier, Nicolas Darcel, Frederick Hecht, Douglas Nixon. The calm mouse: an animal model of stress reduction. 2012 Sep 10; 3(0).
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    35. Jeffrey Milush, Vanessa York, Aric Prather, Douglas Nixon, Hecht Frederick, Elissa S. Epel. Effect of chronic stress and in vivo cortisol measures on immune cell glucocorticoid receptor expression and cellular immune activation. 2012 Sep 10; 3(0).
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    36. Gurfein BT, Stamm AW, Bacchetti P, Dallman MF, Nadkarni NA, Milush JM, Touma C, Palme R, Di Borgo CP, Fromentin G, Lown-Hecht R, Konsman JP, Acree M, Premenko-Lanier M, Darcel N, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. The calm mouse: an animal model of stress reduction. Mol Med. 2012 May 09; 18:606-17. PMID: 22398685.
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    37. Shravan Kooragayalu, Jeffrey Milush, Ramin Nazari, Yikania Pichardo, Douglas Nixon, Andrew Wiznia, Gabriele de Vos. Effect Of Inhaled Steroids And Montelukast On Peripheral Blood T-Cell Sub-Types In Young Atopic Children At Risk For Asthma. 2012 May 1; a2847-a2847.
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    38. de Vos G, Milush JM, Aaron J, Pichardo Y, York VA, Nazari R, Rosenstreich D, Nixon DF, Wiznia A. Peripheral CD8+ T-cell levels are decreased in atopic wheezing children aged less than 4 years. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2012; 22(6):442-4. PMID: 23101192.
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    39. Eriksson EM, Milush JM, Ho EL, Batista MD, Holditch SJ, Keh CE, Norris PJ, Keating SM, Deeks SG, Hunt PW, Martin JN, Rosenberg MG, Hecht FM, Nixon DF. Expansion of CD8+ T cells lacking Sema4D/CD100 during HIV-1 infection identifies a subset of T cells with decreased functional capacity. Blood. 2012 Jan 19; 119(3):745-55. PMID: 22134167.
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    40. Lopez-Vergès S, Milush JM, Schwartz BS, Pando MJ, Jarjoura J, York VA, Houchins JP, Miller S, Kang SM, Norris PJ, Nixon DF, Lanier LL. Expansion of a unique CD57?NKG2Chi natural killer cell subset during acute human cytomegalovirus infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Sep 06; 108(36):14725-32. PMID: 21825173.
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    41. Durudas A, Chen HL, Gasper MA, Sundaravaradan V, Milush JM, Silvestri G, Johnson W, Giavedoni LD, Sodora DL. Differential innate immune responses to low or high dose oral SIV challenge in Rhesus macaques. Curr HIV Res. 2011 Jul; 9(5):276-88. PMID: 21861823.
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    42. Milush JM, Mir KD, Sundaravaradan V, Gordon SN, Engram J, Cano CA, Reeves JD, Anton E, O'Neill E, Butler E, Hancock K, Cole KS, Brenchley JM, Else JG, Silvestri G, Sodora DL. Lack of clinical AIDS in SIV-infected sooty mangabeys with significant CD4+ T cell loss is associated with double-negative T cells. J Clin Invest. 2011 Mar; 121(3):1102-10. PMID: 21317533.
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    43. G. de Vos, J. Milush, J. Aaron, Y. Pichardo, R. Nazari, M. Chin, D. Serebrisky, D. Rosenstreich, D. Nixon, A. Wiznia. A Decrease of CD3+CD8+ T-cells is Significantly Associated with Atopy, Wheezing and Increased IgE Levels in Young Children. 2011 Feb 1; 127(2):ab259.
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    44. Lopez-Vergès S, Milush JM, Pandey S, York VA, Arakawa-Hoyt J, Pircher H, Norris PJ, Nixon DF, Lanier LL. CD57 defines a functionally distinct population of mature NK cells in the human CD56dimCD16+ NK-cell subset. Blood. 2010 Nov 11; 116(19):3865-74. PMID: 20733159.
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    45. J.M. Milush, V.A. York, M. Acree, M.E. Kemeny, D.F. Nixon, F.M. Hecht. Disruption of the HPA axis through down-regulation of glucocorticoid receptor expression in T cells of HIV-1-infected patients as a mechanism of chronic immune activation. 2010 Aug 1; 24:s42.
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    46. Milush JM, Long BR, Snyder-Cappione JE, Cappione AJ, York VA, Ndhlovu LC, Lanier LL, Michaëlsson J, Nixon DF. Functionally distinct subsets of human NK cells and monocyte/DC-like cells identified by coexpression of CD56, CD7, and CD4. Blood. 2009 Nov 26; 114(23):4823-31. PMID: 19805616.
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    47. Durudas A, Milush JM, Chen HL, Engram JC, Silvestri G, Sodora DL. Elevated levels of innate immune modulators in lymph nodes and blood are associated with more-rapid disease progression in simian immunodeficiency virus-infected monkeys. J Virol. 2009 Dec; 83(23):12229-40. PMID: 19759147.
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    48. Kosub DA, Durudas A, Lehrman G, Milush JM, Cano CA, Jain MK, Sodora DL. Gamma/Delta T cell mRNA levels decrease at mucosal sites and increase at lymphoid sites following an oral SIV infection of macaques. Curr HIV Res. 2008 Nov; 6(6):520-30. PMID: 18991617.
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    49. Kosub DA, Lehrman G, Milush JM, Zhou D, Chacko E, Leone A, Gordon S, Silvestri G, Else JG, Keiser P, Jain MK, Sodora DL. Gamma/Delta T-cell functional responses differ after pathogenic human immunodeficiency virus and nonpathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus infections. J Virol. 2008 Feb; 82(3):1155-65. PMID: 18045946.
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    50. Gordon SN, Klatt NR, Bosinger SE, Brenchley JM, Milush JM, Engram JC, Dunham RM, Paiardini M, Klucking S, Danesh A, Strobert EA, Apetrei C, Pandrea IV, Kelvin D, Douek DC, Staprans SI, Sodora DL, Silvestri G. Severe depletion of mucosal CD4+ T cells in AIDS-free simian immunodeficiency virus-infected sooty mangabeys. J Immunol. 2007 Sep 01; 179(5):3026-34. PMID: 17709517.
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    51. Milush JM, Reeves JD, Gordon SN, Zhou D, Muthukumar A, Kosub DA, Chacko E, Giavedoni LD, Ibegbu CC, Cole KS, Miamidian JL, Paiardini M, Barry AP, Staprans SI, Silvestri G, Sodora DL. Virally induced CD4+ T cell depletion is not sufficient to induce AIDS in a natural host. J Immunol. 2007 Sep 01; 179(5):3047-56. PMID: 17709519.
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    52. Apetrei C, Gautam R, Sumpter B, Carter AC, Gaufin T, Staprans SI, Else J, Barnes M, Cao R, Garg S, Milush JM, Sodora DL, Pandrea I, Silvestri G. Virus subtype-specific features of natural simian immunodeficiency virus SIVsmm infection in sooty mangabeys. J Virol. 2007 Aug; 81(15):7913-23. PMID: 17507488.
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    53. Milush JM, Stefano-Cole K, Schmidt K, Durudas A, Pandrea I, Sodora DL. Mucosal innate immune response associated with a timely humoral immune response and slower disease progression after oral transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus to rhesus macaques. J Virol. 2007 Jun; 81(12):6175-86. PMID: 17428863.
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    54. Sumpter B, Dunham R, Gordon S, Engram J, Hennessy M, Kinter A, Paiardini M, Cervasi B, Klatt N, McClure H, Milush JM, Staprans S, Sodora DL, Silvestri G. Correlates of preserved CD4(+) T cell homeostasis during natural, nonpathogenic simian immunodeficiency virus infection of sooty mangabeys: implications for AIDS pathogenesis. J Immunol. 2007 Feb 01; 178(3):1680-91. PMID: 17237418.
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    55. Estes JD, Wietgrefe S, Schacker T, Southern P, Beilman G, Reilly C, Milush JM, Lifson JD, Sodora DL, Carlis JV, Haase AT. Simian immunodeficiency virus-induced lymphatic tissue fibrosis is mediated by transforming growth factor beta 1-positive regulatory T cells and begins in early infection. J Infect Dis. 2007 Feb 15; 195(4):551-61. PMID: 17230415.
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    56. Milush JM, Kosub D, Marthas M, Schmidt K, Scott F, Wozniakowski A, Brown C, Westmoreland S, Sodora DL. Rapid dissemination of SIV following oral inoculation. AIDS. 2004 Dec 03; 18(18):2371-80. PMID: 15622313.
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    57. Sodora DL, Milush JM, Ware F, Wozniakowski A, Montgomery L, McClure HM, Lackner AA, Marthas M, Hirsch V, Johnson RP, Douek DC, Koup RA. Decreased levels of recent thymic emigrants in peripheral blood of simian immunodeficiency virus-infected macaques correlate with alterations within the thymus. J Virol. 2002 Oct; 76(19):9981-90. PMID: 12208974.
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