Jennifer Jain, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Community Health Systems
SchoolSchool of Nursing
Address2 Koret Way, #531J
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPostdoctoral FellowCurrentSubstance Use Disorders Treatment and Services Research
    University of California, San DiegoPhD10/2019Substance Use, HIV and Related Infections
    San Francisco State UniversityMPH05/2011Public Health
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    UCSF2022  - 2027Women, Intersectionality, Substance Use and HIV (WISH)(1K01DA056306-01)
    UCSF2021  - 2023Examining the interplay between COVID-19, substance use, mental health and HIV care (L60DA054664)
    UCSF2021Women in Nueroscience
    UCSF2020  - 2022Strategic Support Award, AIDS Research Institute
    UCSF2020  - 2022National Research Service Award for Institutional Postdoctoral Traineeship (5T32DA007250)
    UCSD2017  - 2019National Research Service Award for Institutional Predoctoral Traineeship (2T32DA023356)

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My program of research focuses on the intersection of substance use, HIV and related infections in marginalized populations including: people who inject drugs (PWID), female sex workers (FSW) and men who have sex with men (MSM). I have a decade of experience testing and delivering interventions for substance users who are HIV-positive, at high-risk of acquiring HIV, other sexually transmitted infections and/or hepatitis C.

    My career in research began at the University of California, San Francisco where I contributed to a series of research projects including: testing the efficacy of an integrative intervention designed to enhance antiretroviral medication adherence and reduce stimulant use among MSM living with HIV; the correlates of syphilis reinfection among MSM; the parameters (e.g., racial/ethnic disparities) of incident HIV infection, and reliable biomarkers of alcohol consumption among young PWID in San Francisco, CA.

    I have also examined several key global public health issues surrounding substance use and HIV among marginalized populations in the Mexico-United States border region. My research in this region explores: how syndemic factors impact perceived barriers to pre-exposure prophylaxis use among FSW, MSM and transgender women; the social and structural drivers of elevated HIV incidence among female PWID; the environmental (e.g., sexual violence and homelessness) correlates of bacterial vaginosis among FSW-PWID; and sex differences in the multilevel determinants of injection risk behaviors among PWID. Taken together, my research examines the behavioral and contextual drivers of substance use and HIV in several vulnerable groups in a domestic and international context.

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Collaboration Interests

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Viral Suppression Trajectories Destabilized After Coronavirus Disease 2019 Among US People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2024 Apr 10; 78(4):991-994. Spinelli MA, Christopoulos KA, Moreira CV, Jain JP, Lisha N, Glidden DV, Burkholder GA, Crane HM, Shapiro AE, Jacobson JM, Cachay ER, Mayer KH, Napravnik S, Moore RD, Gandhi M, Johnson MO. PMID: 37963086; PMCID: PMC11006098.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    2. "If you're strung out and female, they will take advantage of you": A qualitative study exploring drug use and substance use service experiences among women in Boston and San Francisco. J Subst Use Addict Treat. 2024 Feb; 157:209190. Harris MTH, Laks J, Hurstak E, Jain JP, Lambert AM, Maschke AD, Bagley SM, Farley J, Coffin PO, McMahan VM, Barrett C, Walley AY, Gunn CM. PMID: 37866442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Pandemic expertise: qualitative findings on the experiences of living with HIV during the COVID-19 pandemic. AIDS Care. 2024 Mar; 36(3):382-389. Mars SG, Spinelli MA, Ondocsin J, Koester KA, Rodriguez ES, Jain J, Arreguin M, Johnson MO, Gandhi M. PMID: 37621106; PMCID: PMC10891295.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    4. Stimulant Use Associated With Psychosocial Factors, HIV Risk, and Concurrent Hazardous Alcohol Use Among US Adults: Exploratory Cross-Sectional Questionnaire Study. JMIR Form Res. 2023 Aug 17; 7:e45717. Lee F, Jain JP, Duthely LM, Ikeda J, Santos GM. PMID: 37590045; PMCID: PMC10472175.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Socio-ecological Barriers to Viral Suppression Among Transgender Women Living with HIV in San Francisco and Los Angeles, California. AIDS Behav. 2023 Aug; 27(8):2523-2534. Jain JP, Hill M, Gamarel KE, Santos GM, Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Reback CJ, Sevelius J. PMID: 36682008; PMCID: PMC10362091.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Prevalence and correlates of methamphetamine use in transitional age youth experiencing homelessness or housing instability in San Francisco, CA. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2023 05; 55(3):711-720. Leonard A, Broussard J, Jain J, Kumar S, Santos GM, Dawson-Rose C. PMID: 36480216.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Prevalence and correlates of substance use and associations with HIV-related outcomes among trans women in the San Francisco Bay Area. BMC Infect Dis. 2022 Nov 26; 22(1):886. Hsiang E, Gyamerah A, Baguso G, Jain J, McFarland W, Wilson EC, Santos GM. PMID: 36435761; PMCID: PMC9701418.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Targeted Oral Naltrexone for Mild to Moderate Alcohol Use Disorder Among Sexual and Gender Minority Men: A Randomized Trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2022 12 01; 179(12):915-926. Santos GM, Ikeda J, Coffin P, Walker J, Matheson T, Ali A, McLaughlin M, Jain J, Arenander J, Vittinghoff E, Batki S. PMID: 36285404; PMCID: PMC10072332.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Impact of Multicomponent Support Strategies on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Virologic Suppression Rates During Coronavirus Disease 2019: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2022 08 24; 75(1):e947-e954. Spinelli MA, Le Tourneau N, Glidden DV, Hsu L, Hickey MD, Imbert E, Arreguin M, Jain JP, Oskarsson JJ, Buchbinder SP, Johnson MO, Havlir D, Christopoulos KA, Gandhi M. PMID: 35245934; PMCID: PMC9129130.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    10. Mechanisms linking gender-based violence to worse HIV treatment and care outcomes among women in the United States. AIDS. 2022 11 01; 36(13):1861-1869. Jain JP, Sheira LA, Frongillo EA, Neilands TB, Cohen MH, Wilson TE, Chandran A, Adimora AA, Kassaye SG, Sheth AN, Fischl MA, Adedimeji AA, Turan JM, Tien PC, Weiser SD, Conroy AA. PMID: 35950940; PMCID: PMC9529878.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Correlates of high phosphatidylethanol (PEth) levels and their concordance with self-reported heavy alcohol consumption among men who have sex with men who binge drink alcohol. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2022 08; 46(8):1565-1579. McLaughlin MF, Jain JP, Ikeda J, Walker JE, Coffin P, Santos GM. PMID: 35722862; PMCID: PMC10079307.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Intermittent Targeted Oral Naltrexone for Mild to Moderate Alcohol Use Disorder: A Randomized Trial. American Journal of Psychiatry. 2022. 1. Santos GM, Ikeda J, Coffin P, Walker J, Matheson T, Ali A, McLaughlin M, Jain JP, Arenander J, Vittinghoff E and Batki S.
    13. The syndemic effects of adverse mental health conditions and polysubstance use on being at risk of clinical depression among marginally housed and homeless transitional age youth living in San Francisco, California. PLoS One. 2022; 17(3):e0265397. Jain JP, Santos GM, Hao J, Leonard A, Miller AM, Cuca YP, Dawson-Rose C. PMID: 35298526; PMCID: PMC8929626.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Mental Health Mediates the Association Between Gender-Based Violence and HIV Treatment Engagement in US Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2022 02 01; 89(2):151-158. Conroy AA, Jain JP, Sheira L, Frongillo EA, Neilands TB, Cohen MH, Wilson TE, Chandran A, Adimora AA, Kassaye S, Sheth AN, Fischl MA, Adedimeji A, Turan JM, Tien PC, Weiser SD. PMID: 34723926; PMCID: PMC8752473.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. "I would rather do it myself": injection initiation and current injection patterns among women who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico. Harm Reduct J. 2021 10 13; 18(1):105. Stewart A, West BS, Rafful C, Lazos K, Jain J, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rocha-Jimenez T. PMID: 34645473; PMCID: PMC8513336.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Prevalence and correlates of methamphetamine use among older men who have sex with men in San Francisco, CA. Winter 2020-21 Generations Journal, American Society on Aging. 2021. Santos, GM, Miller, D, Jain, JP, Gyamerah, A, Wilson, E, McFarland, W, Raymond, HF. View Publication.
    17. Pilot study of extended-release lorcaserin for cocaine use disorder among men who have sex with men: A double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. PLoS One. 2021; 16(7):e0254724. Santos GM, Ikeda J, Coffin P, Walker JE, Matheson T, McLaughlin M, Jain J, Vittinghoff E, Batki SL. PMID: 34265007; PMCID: PMC8282062.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Social and Behavioral Correlates of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Men who Have Sex with Men who Use Alcohol in the San Francisco Bay Area. Am J Mens Health. 2021 May-Jun; 15(3):15579883211026830. Jain JP, Gyamerah AO, Baguso GN, Dawson-Rose C, Ikeda J, Santos GM. PMID: 34134567; PMCID: PMC8216375.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. The Psychosocial Predictors and Day-Level Correlates of Substance Use Among Participants Recruited via an Online Crowdsourcing Platform in the United States: Daily Diary Study. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2021 04 27; 7(4):e23872. Jain JP, Offer C, Rowe C, Turner C, Dawson-Rose C, Hoffmann T, Santos GM. PMID: 33904828; PMCID: PMC8114164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: Translation:Humans
    20. Finding Sunshine on a Cloudy Day: A Positive Affect Intervention for Co-Occurring Methamphetamine Use and HIV. Cogn Behav Pract. 2022 May; 29(2):267-279. Olem D, Earle M, Gómez W, Coffin L, Cotten P, Jain JP, Moskowitz JT, Carrico AW. PMID: 35812005; PMCID: PMC9269980.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    21. Sex Work as a Mediator Between Female Gender and Incident HIV Infection Among People Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico. AIDS Behav. 2020 Sep; 24(9):2720-2731. Jain JP, Abramovitz D, Strathdee SA, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, West BS, Pitpitan EV. PMID: 32185596; PMCID: PMC7453791.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Sex differences in the multilevel determinants of injection risk behaviours among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2020 11; 39(7):898-907. Jain JP, Strathdee SA, West BS, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, Pitpitan EV. PMID: 32794626; PMCID: PMC7959186.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention to reduce HIV viral load among sexual minority men who use methamphetamine. J Int AIDS Soc. 2019 12; 22(12):e25436. Carrico AW, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Evans JL, G?mez W, Jain JP, Gandhi M, Shoptaw S, Horvath KJ, Coffin L, Discepola MV, Andrews R, Woods WJ, Feaster DJ, Moskowitz JT. PMID: 31860172; PMCID: PMC6924317.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Perceived barriers to pre-exposure prophylaxis use among HIV-negative men who have sex with men in Tijuana, Mexico: A latent class analysis. PLoS One. 2019; 14(8):e0221558. Patrick R, Jain J, Harvey-Vera A, Semple SJ, Rangel G, Patterson TL, Pines HA. PMID: 31437243; PMCID: PMC6705824.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    25. Perceived barriers to pre-exposure prophylaxis use and the role of syndemic factors among female sex workers in the Mexico-United States border region: a latent class analysis. AIDS Care. 2020 05; 32(5):557-566. Jain JP, Strathdee SA, Patterson TL, Semple SJ, Harvey-Vera A, Magis-Rodríguez C, Martinez G, Pines HA. PMID: 31163975; PMCID: PMC6891112.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    26. A novel technology-enhanced internalized stigma and shame intervention for HIV-positive persons with substance use disorders. Cogn Behav Pract. 2020 Feb; 27(1):55-69. Batchelder AW, Moskowitz JT, Jain J, Cohn M, Earle MA, Carrico AW. PMID: 33790528; PMCID: PMC8009529.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11  
    27. Randomized controlled trial of a positive affect intervention for methamphetamine users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 11 01; 192:8-15. Carrico AW, G?mez W, Jain J, Shoptaw S, Discepola MV, Olem D, Lagana-Jackson J, Andrews R, Neilands TB, Dilworth SE, Evans JL, Woods WJ, Moskowitz JT. PMID: 30195243; PMCID: PMC6200638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Factors in the HIV risk environment associated with bacterial vaginosis among HIV-negative female sex workers who inject drugs in the Mexico-United States border region. BMC Public Health. 2018 Aug 20; 18(1):1032. Jain JP, Bristow CC, Pines HA, Harvey-Vera A, Rangel G, Staines H, Patterson TL, Strathdee SA. PMID: 30126411; PMCID: PMC6102857.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Continued Transmission of HIV Among Young Adults Who Inject Drugs in San Francisco: Still Room for Improvement. AIDS Behav. 2018 04; 22(4):1383-1394. Mirzazadeh A, Evans JL, Hahn JA, Jain J, Briceno A, Shiboski S, Lum PJ, Bentsen C, Davis G, Shriver K, Dimapasoc M, Stone M, Busch MP, Page K. PMID: 29168067; PMCID: PMC6054135.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Underreporting in HIV-related high-risk behaviors: comparing the results of multiple data collection methods in a behavioral survey of prisoners in Iran. Prison J. 2018 Mar; 98(2):213-228. Mirzazadeh A, Shokoohi M, Navadeh S, Danesh A, Jain J, Sedaghat A, Farnia M, Haghdoost A. PMID: 30078913; PMCID: PMC6075723.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    31. Rates and Correlates of Syphilis Reinfection in Men Who Have Sex with Men. LGBT Health. 2017 06; 4(3):232-236. Jain J, Santos GM, Scheer S, Gibson S, Crouch PC, Kohn R, Chang W, Carrico AW. PMID: 27991843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. A community-engaged randomized controlled trial of an integrative intervention with HIV-positive, methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. BMC Public Health. 2016 07 30; 16:673. Carrico AW, Jain J, Discepola MV, Olem D, Andrews R, Woods WJ, Neilands TB, Shoptaw S, Gómez W, Dilworth SE, Moskowitz JT. PMID: 27476110; PMCID: PMC4967339.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Comparison of phosphatidylethanol results to self-reported alcohol consumption among young injection drug users. Alcohol Alcohol. 2014 Sep-Oct; 49(5):520-4. Jain J, Evans JL, Briceño A, Page K, Hahn JA. PMID: 24939855; PMCID: PMC4128670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    34. Community-based harm reduction substance abuse treatment with methamphetamine-using men who have sex with men. J Urban Health. 2014 Jun; 91(3):555-67. Carrico AW, Flentje A, Gruber VA, Woods WJ, Discepola MV, Dilworth SE, Neilands TB, Jain J, Siever MD. PMID: 24744105; PMCID: PMC4074324.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans