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Joanna Hellmuth, MD, MHS

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
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    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences


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    Dr. Joanna Hellmuth is neurologist with sub-specialty training in cognitive and behavioral neurology. She practices at the UCSF Memory and Aging Center, where she evaluates and manages patients with mild cognitive impairment; neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Lewy body disease, frontotemporal dementia, vascular dementia; and patients with HIV-related cognitive changes. Dr. Hellmuth completed her bachelor's degree at the Johns Hopkins University, a master's degree from Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, and her medical degree from the University of Vermont College of Medicine. She completed her neurology residency at the University of California, San Francisco and later joined the Memory and Aging Center for fellowship training in neurodegenerative disorders prior to joining the faculty in the department of Neurology. Dr. Hellmuth's research interests are unraveling the neuroimmunologic mechanisms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) to develop effective treatments and interventions.

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    Defining the clinical utility of CSF biomarkers of neurodegeneration in HIV+ elders
    NIH/NIMH K23MH114724Jul 18, 2017 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Can we trust The End of Alzheimer's?. Lancet Neurology. 2020; 5(19):389-390. View Publication.
    2. Bilateral basal ganglia infarcts presenting as rapid onset cognitive and behavioral disturbance. Neurocase. 2020 04; 26(2):115-119. Hellmuth J, Casaletto K, Cuneo R, Possin KL, Dillon W, Geschwind MD. PMID: 32046584.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Plasma inflammatory biomarkers link to diffusion tensor imaging metrics in virally suppressed HIV-infected individuals. AIDS. 2020 02 01; 34(2):203-213. Chang K, Premeaux TA, Cobigo Y, Milanini B, Hellmuth J, Rubin LH, Javandel S, Allen I, Ndhlovu LC, Paul R, Valcour V. PMID: 31634200.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    4. Very Early Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy During Acute HIV Infection Is Associated With Normalized Levels of Immune Activation Markers in Cerebrospinal Fluid but Not in Plasma. J Infect Dis. 2019 11 06; 220(12):1885-1891. Hellmuth J, Slike BM, Sacdalan C, Best J, Kroon E, Phanuphak N, Fletcher JLK, Prueksakaew P, Jagodzinski LL, Valcour V, Robb M, Ananworanich J, Allen IE, Krebs SJ, Spudich S. PMID: 30668739.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. Deep Sequencing Reveals Central Nervous System Compartmentalization in Multiple Transmitted/Founder Virus Acute HIV-1 Infection. Cells. 2019 08 15; 8(8). Tovanabutra S, Sirijatuphat R, Pham PT, Bonar L, Harbolick EA, Bose M, Song H, Chang D, Oropeza C, O'Sullivan AM, Balinang J, Kroon E, Colby DJ, Sacdalan C, Hellmuth J, Chan P, Prueksakaew P, Pinyakorn S, Jagodzinski LL, Sutthichom D, Pattamaswin S, de Souza M, Gramzinski RA, Kim JH, Michael NL, Robb ML, Phanuphak N, Ananworanich J, Valcour V, Kijak GH, Sanders-Buell E, Spudich S. PMID: 31443253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    6. Longitudinal brain atrophy patterns and neuropsychological performance in older adults with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder compared with early Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiol Aging. 2019 10; 82:69-76. Milanini B, Samboju V, Cobigo Y, Paul R, Javandel S, Hellmuth J, Allen I, Miller B, Valcour V. PMID: 31425903.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Dietary Supplements for Brain Health-Reply. JAMA. 2019 06 25; 321(24):2467-2468. Hellmuth J, Rabinovici GD, Miller BL. PMID: 31237635.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. The Rise of Pseudomedicine for Dementia and Brain Health. JAMA. 2019; 6(321):543-544. View Publication.
    9. Abnormal Cerebral Perfusion Profile in Older Adults with HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorder: Discriminative Power of Arterial Spin-Labeling. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 12; 39(12):2211-2217. Narvid J, McCoy D, Dupont SM, Callen A, Tosun D, Hellmuth J, Valcour V. PMID: 30467218.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. A neuropathologic diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease in an older adult with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder. Neurocase. 2018 08; 24(4):213-219. Hellmuth J, Milanini B, Masliah E, Tartaglia MC, Dunlop MB, Moore DJ, Javandel S, DeVaughn S, Valcour V. PMID: 30304986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Distribution of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Ribonucleic Acid in Cerebrospinal Fluid and Blood Is Linked to CD4/CD8 Ratio During Acute HIV. J Infect Dis. 2018 08 14; 218(6):937-945. Chan P, Patel P, Hellmuth J, Colby DJ, Kroon E, Sacdalan C, Pinyakorn S, Jagodzinski L, Krebs S, Ananworanich J, Valcour V, Spudich S. PMID: 29741638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    12. Structural and functional brain imaging in acute HIV. Neuroimage Clin. 2018; 20:327-335. Samboju V, Philippi CL, Chan P, Cobigo Y, Fletcher JLK, Robb M, Hellmuth J, Benjapornpong K, Dumrongpisutikul N, Pothisri M, Paul R, Ananworanich J, Spudich S, Valcour V. PMID: 30101063.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Safety of lumbar puncture procedure in an international research setting during acute HIV infection. J Virus Erad. 2018 Jan 01; 4(1):16-20. Chan P, Hellmuth J, Colby D, Kroon E, Sacdalan C, Fletcher J, Patel P, Pinyakorn S, Valcour V, Ananworanich J, Spudich S. PMID: 29568548.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    14. Depression and Anxiety are Common in Acute HIV Infection and Associate with Plasma Immune Activation. AIDS Behav. 2017 Nov; 21(11):3238-3246. Hellmuth J, Colby D, Valcour V, Suttichom D, Spudich S, Ananworanich J, Prueksakaew P, Sailasuta N, Allen I, Jagodzinski LL, Slike B, Ochi D, Paul R. PMID: 28484888.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Progressive Brain Atrophy Despite Persistent Viral Suppression in HIV Patients Older Than 60 Years. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 11 01; 76(3):289-297. Clifford KM, Samboju V, Cobigo Y, Milanini B, Marx GA, Hellmuth JM, Rosen HJ, Kramer JH, Allen IE, Valcour VG. PMID: 28650401.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. High Number of Activated CD8+ T Cells Targeting HIV Antigens Are Present in Cerebrospinal Fluid in Acute HIV Infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 05 01; 75(1):108-117. Kessing CF, Spudich S, Valcour V, Cartwright P, Chalermchai T, Fletcher JL, Takata H, Nichols C, Josey BJ, Slike B, Krebs SJ, Sailsuta N, Lerdlum S, Jagodzinski L, Tipsuk S, Suttichom D, Rattanamanee S, Zetterberg H, Hellmuth J, Phanuphak N, Robb ML, Michael NL, Ananworanich J, Trautmann L. PMID: 28177966.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    17. Immediate initiation of cART is associated with lower levels of cerebrospinal fluid YKL-40, a marker of microglial activation, in HIV-1 infection. AIDS. 2017 01 14; 31(2):247-252. Peluso MJ, Valcour V, Phanuphak N, Ananworanich J, Fletcher JL, Chalermchai T, Krebs SJ, Robb ML, Hellmuth J, Gisslén M, Zetterberg H, Spudich S. PMID: 27819802.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    18. Neurologic signs and symptoms frequently manifest in acute HIV infection. Neurology. 2016 11 29; 87(22):2386. Kamtchum-Tatuene J, Wan Sulaiman WA, Lekoubou A, Hellmuth J, Valcour V, Spudich S. PMID: 27895248.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Cognitive Impairment and Persistent CNS Injury in Treated HIV. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2016 08; 13(4):209-17. Chan P, Hellmuth J, Spudich S, Valcour V. PMID: 27188299.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    20. Neurologic signs and symptoms frequently manifest in acute HIV infection. Neurology. 2016 07 12; 87(2):148-54. Hellmuth J, Fletcher JL, Valcour V, Kroon E, Ananworanich J, Intasan J, Lerdlum S, Narvid J, Pothisri M, Allen I, Krebs SJ, Slike B, Prueksakaew P, Jagodzinski LL, Puttamaswin S, Phanuphak N, Spudich S. PMID: 27287217.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Neurological Response to cART vs. cART plus Integrase Inhibitor and CCR5 Antagonist Initiated during Acute HIV. PLoS One. 2015; 10(11):e0142600. Valcour VG, Spudich SS, Sailasuta N, Phanuphak N, Lerdlum S, Fletcher JL, Kroon ED, Jagodzinski LL, Allen IE, Adams CL, Prueksakaew P, Slike BM, Hellmuth JM, Kim JH, Ananworanich J. PMID: 26555069.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. CNS reservoirs for HIV: implications for eradication. J Virus Erad. 2015 Apr; 1(2):67-71. Hellmuth J, Valcour V, Spudich S. PMID: 26430703.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    23. Interactions between ageing and NeuroAIDS. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2014 Nov; 9(6):527-32. Hellmuth J, Milanini B, Valcour V. PMID: 25203641.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Multicenter validation of a bedside antisaccade task as a measure of executive function. Neurology. 2012 Jun 05; 78(23):1824-31. Hellmuth J, Mirsky J, Heuer HW, Matlin A, Jafari A, Garbutt S, Widmeyer M, Berhel A, Sinha L, Miller BL, Kramer JH, Boxer AL. PMID: 22573640.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Saccade abnormalities in autopsy-confirmed frontotemporal lobar degeneration and Alzheimer disease. Arch Neurol. 2012 Apr; 69(4):509-17. Boxer AL, Garbutt S, Seeley WW, Jafari A, Heuer HW, Mirsky J, Hellmuth J, Trojanowski JQ, Huang E, DeArmond S, Neuhaus J, Miller BL. PMID: 22491196.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. P3-005: The antisaccade task is sensitive to attention network integrity in normal elderly and dementia. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2008 Jul 1; 4(4):t517-t518. Adam L. Boxer, Alisa Matlin, Daniel Handwerker, Siobhan Garbutt, Joanna Hellmuth, Ana Schenk, Simona Brambati, Marilu Gorno-Tempini, Stephen G. Lisberger, Bruce L. Miller, RolG Henry. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    27. Oculomotor function in frontotemporal lobar degeneration, related disorders and Alzheimer's disease. Brain. 2008 May; 131(Pt 5):1268-81. Garbutt S, Matlin A, Hellmuth J, Schenk AK, Johnson JK, Rosen H, Dean D, Kramer J, Neuhaus J, Miller BL, Lisberger SG, Boxer AL. PMID: 18362099.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Essential function of HIPK2 in TGFbeta-dependent survival of midbrain dopamine neurons. Nat Neurosci. 2007 Jan; 10(1):77-86. Zhang J, Pho V, Bonasera SJ, Holtzman J, Tang AT, Hellmuth J, Tang S, Janak PH, Tecott LH, Huang EJ. PMID: 17159989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    29. Medial versus lateral frontal lobe contributions to voluntary saccade control as revealed by the study of patients with frontal lobe degeneration. J Neurosci. 2006 Jun 07; 26(23):6354-63. Boxer AL, Garbutt S, Rankin KP, Hellmuth J, Neuhaus J, Miller BL, Lisberger SG. PMID: 16763044.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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