Karen Scott, MD, MPH

Title(s)Employee of Contracting Firm, Ob/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address490 Illinois Street, #001
San Francisco CA 94158
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0002-6237-664X Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GAMPH08/2018Applied Epidemiology
    Mercy Hospital and Medical Center, Chicago, ILInternship and Residency 06/2006Obstetrics & Gynecology
    Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, OHMD05/2002Medicine
    Kenyon College, Gambier, OHBA05/1998Molecular Biology
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation2019Voted Best Snapshot of Innovation: Mothers Voices Driving Birth Equity
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mercy Hospital and Medical Center, Chicago, IL2014CREOG Faculty Education, Excellence in Resident Education Award
    Illinois Caucus for Adolescent Health, Chicago, IL2013Healthcare Network Champion
    Institute of Women Today, Chicago, Illinois2012The Sister Margaret Traxler, SSND Award
    Joliet Chapter of the National Hook-Up of Black Women, Joliet, Illinois2007SHERO Award
    Berlex Laboratories, Department of Ob/Gyn Residency Program, Mercy Hospital & Medical Center2003Berlex Laboratories Best Teaching Award

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    At the University of California, San Francisco, Karen A. Scott, MD, MPH, FACOG is an Associate Professor and OBGYN Hospitalist in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. As a sexual, reproductive, and perinatal (SRP) epidemiologist and obstetric hospitalist, the ethics and science of her research, clinical practice, and teaching exists at the intersections of critical, interpretative, cultural, and biomedical anthropology and crunk public health, with a foundation rooted in Cultural Rigor, Black Feminism, and Reproductive Justice (RJ).

    As a "dissident, disruptive, and recovering" board certified OBGYN and critical public health scholar, her work examines interventions to eliminate and reduce disparities and inequities in SRP health services provision, through the integration of a Black Feminist and Reproductive Justice (RJ) Praxis , in the afterlife of slavery and passage of the Congressional Act of 1807 (which took effect in 1808, prohibiting further participation of the United States in the slave trade.). A Black Feminist-RJ Praxis informs the ethical considerations, theoretical concepts, methods, and methodologies in her participatory research, practice, pedagogy, and policy analysis. She examines health service provision in antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum units as sites through which racism (structural, gendered, and obstetric) can be understood, described, measured, and modified within patient-clinician, patient-system, and community-system interactions, across time, place, and levels of power in the following continuum of care: clinical cognition, assessment, diagnosis, service provision, and decision-making processes. Her research also examines the role of gendered racism, power, and economics in the authentic, coerced, and regulated formations and expressions of Blackness, Black womanhood, Black motherhood, Black births, and Black women's scholarship within hospital and health systems culture, organizational structures, and operating mechanisms.

    Inspired by Marshall, Pronovost, and Woods 2013 critical paper on the Promotion of Improvement as a Science and Deming’s System of Profound Knowledge (epistemology, variation, systems, and psychology), her participatory equity and justice based QI research aims to interrogate and dismantle traditional QI projects that rely on “contemporaneous, non-standardized unverified data to make judgments about their effectiveness” using atheoretical methods, at the exclusion and erasure of the wisdom and voices of the most impacted, marginalized, and minoritized patients, practitioners, and scholars. Her secondary research aim is to describe and amplify local wisdom and transferable knowledge with robust participatory research methods grounded in Cultural Rigor, Black Feminism, and Reproductive Justice, in order to facilitate local improvement in health systems and construct knowledge with external validity for, by, and with Black mothers, birthing, women-led/serving community-based organizations, and women scholars. The implications of her program of participatory QI research are three fold: 1) formation of authentic, affirming, and autonomous partnerships among community partners, patients, academic scholars, practitioners, payers, and policy makers; 2) theory of change development and clarification representing epistemological diversity from health services research, clinical epidemiology, medicine, nursing, public health, social sciences, humanities, bioethics, and legal studies; and 3) translation of participatory QI science into SRP health care services provision, interprofessional education, and policy at the local and national level.

    As an educator, she examines the approachability, acceptability, availability and accommodation, affordability, and appropriateness of individuals, institutions, and systems in public health and health care that have traditionally rendered marginalized voices and communities invisible or invaluable as decision-makers, generative thinkers, achievers, and connectors. As a clinician scientist, she works to build individual and system capacity to challenge the hierarchy of knowledge production and dissemination as well as the decision making that sustains the medical industrial complex and perpetuates social and health inequities.

    As the Principal Investigator of the SACRED Birth Study, she has defined three theoretical frameworks with the foal of redesigning perinatal QI through community driven measures, meanings, and methods: 1) sacred birth; 2) participatory QI research (QIR); and 3) participatory patient reported experience measure (PREM) of obstetric racism in partnership with Black birthing mothers and birthing people, Black women-led community based organizations, Black women scholars, and other scholar allies and accomplices, recently published in a public platform for greater accountability and dissemination to the public we serve.

    She has also examined the role of philanthropy in advancing cultural arrogance, philanthropic redlining, and community harm in addressing the perinatal health crisis in the United States. In response to the crisis, she has described four modalities of cultural rigor and offered recommendations on the operationalization of cultural rigor, reproductive justice, and Black feminism for funders, grantees, research teams, and QI experts.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    The SACRED Birth Study: Advancing a Culture of Dignity, Racial Justice, and Equity in Hospital Based Perinatal Care and Experiences
    California Health Care Foundation, The Grove Foundation Apr 1, 2020 - Mar 31, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Description: The purpose of the SACRED Birth Study, led by Dr. Karen A. Scott, MD, MPH, FACOG at UCSF and a team of patient, community, and content experts, is to develop and validate a participatory patient-reported experience measure (PREM) of obstetric racism that shifts the power of knowledge construction, in the evaluation and transformation of hospital based perinatal care, from Quality Improvement (QI) experts to a community of Black mothers and birthing people, in established equitable and dignified partnerships with Black women scholars, across disciplinary and geographic borders. To date, there are no community driven patient-reported experience measures of racism, bias, discrimination, or mistreatment by, for, and with impacted Black birthing communities, in partnerships with Black women scholars, about labor, birth, and immediate postpartum in hospital settings in California or the United States. Thus, the current QI clinical outcomes, measures, processes, and research activities in perinatal health lack the necessary scientific and cultural rigor, integrity, and validity to achieve and sustain equity, dignity, and accountability in birth care, experiences, and outcomes of Black mothers and birthing people. The study objectives include the following: 1) to develop a theoretical framework that describes the bias, discrimination, gendered racism, mistreatment, and violence of birthing in hospitals; 2) to operationalize Cultural Rigor, Black Feminism, Reproductive Justice, and the formative theoretical framework of birthing while Black in hospitals to develop a new racial equity and justice centered program of participatory quality improvement (QI) research; 3) to prioritize community voices, leadership, and expertise by facilitating authentic, autonomous, and affirming communications and collaborations; and 4) to foster critical participation of Black mothers, Black birthing people and Black women scholars in the design of community-based hospital strategies to prevent and/or mitigate the harm of obstetric racism, utilizing the accounts of Black mothers’ lived hospital birth experiences in their own words as opposed to relying exclusively on pre-existing theoretical frameworks.”
    California Birth Equity Collaborative Pilot
    California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative (CMQCC)/Stanford University, California Health Care Foundation Jan 1, 2019 - Sep 30, 2019
    Role: Director
    Description: The aim of the California Birth Equity Collaborative is to improve birth care, experiences, and outcomes for and with Black mothers and Black birthing people in California in three hospitals in Berkeley/Oakland, Long Beach, and Riverside. The goals will be achieved by: building a community informed knowledge on what constitutes respectful and dignified care in relationships, interactions, communication, counseling and shared decision making between patients and hospitals as well as communities and hospitals, and informing the development of a patient reported experience metric (PREM) of respect and dignity for use in community-hospital partnerships, quality improvement, systems accountability, interprofessional education, maternal data center, and patient advocacy. Our partners include hospitals, Black women led community-based organizations, Black women state and national mentors, and local community-hospital advisors from various disciplines in private and public sector. As Director, I created pilot goals, strategic vision, theory of change, organizational structure and work group goals, membership and strategies, and content on webpage about the pilot. I also cultivated relationships with Black women led community based organizations (CBOs) and leading Black women scholars in California and across the nation, and invited scholars and community leaders to join our team. As a public health scholar and clinician scientist, I led the patient reported experience measure (PREM) work group in the design of the interview guide, facilitation of focus group discussions/listening sessions, innovative and disruptive literature review, coding and analysis, and instrument development. I also provided expertise in content development and implementation of effective teaching and training practices for small and large group to increase engagement, learning, uptake, and utilization of information. In my administrative role, I developed scope of work and honorarium agreements, budgets, and multi-color coded pilot big picture and month to month timeline with deliverables across the Coordinating Body and six work groups: PREM, community partners, interprofessional education (IPE), quality improvement (QI) Task Force, research, evaluation, and measures (REM), and communications and social media.
    Mothers Voices Driving Birth Equity
    National Birth Equity Collaborative, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Dec 15, 2018 - Sep 30, 2019
    Role: Director, California Birth Equity Collaborative, California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative
    Description: The National Birth Equity Collaborative (NBEC), CMQCC, and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Alliance for Innovation of Maternal Health California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative (CMQCC) will partner together to listen, learn and build a community informed knowledge base on what constitutes care that leads to trusted relationships with health care providers, shared decision making and respectful and dignified communications from a patient perspective. This knowledge base will inform the development of a patient reported experience measure for use in community engagement, quality improvement, systems accountability, provider education, and patient advocacy. The ethical principles and guidelines that inform how we prioritize Black women-led CBOs, Black mothers, Black birthing people, and Black women scholars in the research and evaluations are informed by Reproductive Justice, Cultural Humility and Rigor, and Research Justice. As Director, I co-developed the aims, research questions, theories of change, and methods. I also cultivated relationships and provided technical assistance with Black women led CBOs in California, Oklahoma, Texas, Illinois, Maryland, and Georgia. I also provided subject matter expertise and technical assistance in coding, analysis, and development of the patient reported experience measure (PREM), with regional/state specific measures.
    Racial Equity Pilot Planning Project
    California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative (CMQCC, Stanford University, California Health Care Foundation May 1, 2018 - Dec 31, 2018
    Role: Co-Director
    Description: CMQCC successfully reduced maternal mortality by 50% in California. However, the four-fold death gap between Black and white women still persists. Based on the impact of structural gendered racism on Black women’s birth care and experiences in hospitals, CMQCC engaged hospital and community leaders about their insights and experiences on the gap in fatal complications, deaths, and first cesareans births between Black and white women. Data collected from phone and in person interviews and a full day stakeholder meeting will inform the proposal for the pilot implementation project with three local hospitals from January 2019 – December 2020. A co-Director, I provided content expertise in community participation and racial equity and planned and facilitated the full day stakeholder meeting. I also co-developed interview guide for the key informant interviews and the brief report and provided technical assistance in the development of the two-year proposal goals, activities, partnerships, measures of success, and budget.
    Partnering with Adolescents to Ready The Newest Engaged Researchers (PARTNER)
    Eugene Washington Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) Engagement Award Sep 1, 2016 - Jul 31, 2018
    Role: Evaluator
    Description: PARTNER is a Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) project to center youth voices and experiences in patient-centered outcomes research and comparative effectiveness research (PCOR/CER) and to evaluate the necessary and appropriate context, people, and processes for curriculum design, that will occur in concert with curriculum implementation and evaluation. Key population included youth and adults in community health center in Northern California and school-based health center in Central California. As the evaluator, I provided expertise and technical assistance in development of theories of change and process measures for the CQI project. I described and evaluated project activities and impact of the processes on the experience of the involved youth, adults, site directors, project facilitators, and project leadership. I conducted key informant interviews at both sites and provided early feedback as to whether the CQI project was being implemented as intended and identified barriers and successes, and recommended real time changes based on feedback.

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Alleviating Hypertension by Selectively Targeting Angiotensin Receptor-Expressing Vagal Sensory Neurons. J Neurosci. 2024 Feb 28; 44(9). Baumer-Harrison C, Elsaafien K, Johnson DN, Peñaloza Aponte JD, de Araujo A, Patel S, Bruce EB, Harden SW, Frazier CJ, Scott KA, de Lartigue G, Krause EG, de Kloet AD. PMID: 38242697; PMCID: PMC10904025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    2. Support for criminalization of self-managed abortion (SMA): A national representative survey. Soc Sci Med. 2024 Jan; 340:116433. Biggs MA, Becker A, Schroeder R, Kaller S, Scott K, Grossman D, Raifman S, Ralph L. PMID: 38039765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Reducing Fear to Help Build Healthy Families: Investing in Non-Punitive Approaches to Helping People with Substance Use Disorder. Matern Child Health J. 2023 Dec; 27(Suppl 1):177-181. Scott KA, Shogren M, Shatzkes K. PMID: 37755582; PMCID: PMC10691989.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Mechanosensation of the heart and gut elicits hypometabolism and vigilance in mice. bioRxiv. 2023 Jul 01. Scott KA, Tan Y, Johnson DN, Elsaafien K, Baumer-Harrison C, Eikenberry SA, Sa JM, de Lartigue G, de Kloet AD, Krause EG. PMID: 37425814; PMCID: PMC10327188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. FoxO1 regulates adipose transdifferentiation and iron influx by mediating Tgfβ1 signaling pathway. Redox Biol. 2023 07; 63:102727. Shi L, Tao Z, Zheng L, Yang J, Hu X, Scott K, de Kloet A, Krause E, Collins JF, Cheng Z. PMID: 37156218; PMCID: PMC10195981.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    6. Community Support Persons and Mitigating Obstetric Racism During Childbirth. Ann Fam Med. 2023 May-Jun; 21(3):227-233. Lett E, Hyacinthe MF, Davis DA, Scott KA. PMID: 37019478; PMCID: PMC10202510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Emotional safety is patient safety. BMJ Qual Saf. 2023 07; 32(7):369-372. Lyndon A, Davis DA, Sharma AE, Scott KA. PMID: 36732064.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Destigmatizing and Democratizing Postpartum Care: A "Black Woman-Person First" Approach. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2022 09 01; 65(3):663-675. Scott KA, Davis DA. PMID: 35723647; PMCID: PMC9301983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Clinicians' Perspectives on Racism and Black Women's Maternal Health. Womens Health Rep (New Rochelle). 2022; 3(1):476-482. Chambers BD, Taylor B, Nelson T, Harrison J, Bell A, O'Leary A, Arega HA, Hashemi S, McKenzie-Sampson S, Scott KA, Raine-Bennett T, Jackson AV, Kuppermann M, McLemore MR. PMID: 35651994; PMCID: PMC9148644.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11  
    10. Oxytocin and cardiometabolic interoception: Knowing oneself affects ingestive and social behaviors. Appetite. 2022 Aug 01; 175:106054. Smith JA, Eikenberry SA, Scott KA, Baumer-Harrison C, de Lartigue G, de Kloet AD, Krause EG. PMID: 35447163.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    11. A Novel Organ-Specific Approach to Selectively Target Sensory Afferents Innervating the Aortic Arch. Front Physiol. 2022; 13:841078. Elsaafien K, Harden SW, Johnson DN, Kimball AK, Sheng W, Smith JA, Scott KA, Frazier CJ, de Kloet AD, Krause EG. PMID: 35399269; PMCID: PMC8987286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    12. Psychometric validation of a patient-reported experience measure of obstetric racism© (The PREM-OB Scale™ suite). Birth. 2022 09; 49(3):514-525. White VanGompel E, Lai JS, Davis DA, Carlock F, Camara TL, Taylor B, Clary C, McCorkle-Jamieson AM, McKenzie-Sampson S, Gay C, Armijo A, Lapeyrolerie L, Singh L, Scott KA. PMID: 35301757; PMCID: PMC9544169.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Risk of early birth by body mass index in a propensity score-matched sample: A retrospective cohort study. BJOG. 2022 09; 129(10):1704-1711. Baer RJ, Chambers BD, Coleman-Phox K, Flowers E, Fuchs JD, Oltman SP, Scott KA, Ryckman KK, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. PMID: 35133077.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Targeting angiotensin type-2 receptors located on pressor neurons in the nucleus of the solitary tract to relieve hypertension in mice. Cardiovasc Res. 2022 02 21; 118(3):883-896. Mohammed M, Johnson DN, Wang LA, Harden SW, Sheng W, Spector EA, Elsaafien K, Bader M, Steckelings UM, Scott KA, Frazier CJ, Sumners C, Krause EG, de Kloet AD. PMID: 33723600; PMCID: PMC9020199.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    15. Conditioned social preference and reward value of activating oxytocin-receptor-expressing ventral tegmental area neurons following repeated daily binge ethanol intake. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2022 02; 46(2):194-206. Peris J, Totten K, Montgomery D, Lester H, Weatherington A, Piotrowski B, Sowell S, Doyle K, Scott K, Tan Y, MacFadyen KA, Engle H, de Kloet AD, Krause EG. PMID: 34964139; PMCID: PMC8858886.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    16. Pregnant people's experiences discussing their cannabis use with prenatal care providers in a state with legalized cannabis. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 10 01; 227:108998. Woodruff K, Scott KA, Roberts SCM. PMID: 34482037.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    17. The association of COVID-19 infection in pregnancy with preterm birth: A retrospective cohort study in California. Lancet Reg Health Am. 2021 Oct; 2:100027. Karasek D, Baer RJ, McLemore MR, Bell AJ, Blebu BE, Casey JA, Coleman-Phox K, Costello JM, Felder JN, Flowers E, Fuchs JD, Gomez AM, Karvonen K, Kuppermann M, Liang L, McKenzie-Sampson S, McCulloch CE, Oltman SP, Pantell MS, Piao X, Prather AA, Schmidt RJ, Scott KA, Spellen S, Stookey JD, Tesfalul M, Rand L, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. PMID: 34642685; PMCID: PMC8497178.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42  
    18. Maternal nativity and risk of adverse perinatal outcomes among Black women residing in California, 2011-2017. J Perinatol. 2021 12; 41(12):2736-2741. McKenzie-Sampson S, Baer RJ, Blebu BE, Karasek D, Oltman SP, Pantell MS, Rand L, Rogers EE, Torres JM, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL, Scott KA, Chambers BD. PMID: 34282261; PMCID: PMC8939260.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Early-life oxytocin attenuates the social deficits induced by caesarean-section delivery in the mouse. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2021 10; 46(11):1958-1968. Morais LH, Golubeva AV, Casey S, Scott KA, Ramos Costa AP, Moloney GM, Dinan TG, Cryan JF. PMID: 34040156; PMCID: PMC8429532.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    20. Identification of Novel Cross-Talk between the Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Stress Axes Controlling Blood Pressure. J Neurosci. 2021 05 26; 41(21):4641-4657. Elsaafien K, Kirchner MK, Mohammed M, Eikenberry SA, West C, Scott KA, de Kloet AD, Stern JE, Krause EG. PMID: 33858944; PMCID: PMC8260250.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    21. Central and peripheral GLP-1 systems independently suppress eating. Nat Metab. 2021 02; 3(2):258-273. Brierley DI, Holt MK, Singh A, de Araujo A, McDougle M, Vergara M, Afaghani MH, Lee SJ, Scott K, Maske C, Langhans W, Krause E, de Kloet A, Gribble FM, Reimann F, Rinaman L, de Lartigue G, Trapp S. PMID: 33589843; PMCID: PMC7116821.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 64     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Black Women's Perspectives on Structural Racism across the Reproductive Lifespan: A Conceptual Framework for Measurement Development. Matern Child Health J. 2021 Mar; 25(3):402-413. Chambers BD, Arega HA, Arabia SE, Taylor B, Barron RG, Gates B, Scruggs-Leach L, Scott KA, McLemore MR. PMID: 33398713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. An Angiotensin-Responsive Connection from the Lamina Terminalis to the Paraventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus Evokes Vasopressin Secretion to Increase Blood Pressure in Mice. J Neurosci. 2021 02 17; 41(7):1429-1442. Frazier CJ, Harden SW, Alleyne AR, Mohammed M, Sheng W, Smith JA, Elsaafien K, Spector EA, Johnson DN, Scott KA, Krause EG, de Kloet AD. PMID: 33328294; PMCID: PMC7896018.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    24. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Maternal and Neonatal Adverse Outcomes in College-Educated Women. Obstet Gynecol. 2020 11; 136(5):1062-1063. Leonard SA, Scott KA. PMID: 33093411.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Risk and Protective Factors for Preterm Birth Among Black Women in Oakland, California. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Oct; 8(5):1273-1280. McLemore MR, Berkowitz RL, Oltman SP, Baer RJ, Franck L, Fuchs J, Karasek DA, Kuppermann M, McKenzie-Sampson S, Melbourne D, Taylor B, Williams S, Rand L, Chambers BD, Scott K, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. PMID: 33034878; PMCID: PMC8079235.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Preterm birth and nativity among Black women with gestational diabetes in California, 2013–2017: a population-based retrospective cohort study. 2020; 593(20). Scott KA, Chambers BD, Baer RJ, Ryckman KK, McLemore MR, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL.
    27. Preterm birth and nativity among Black women with gestational diabetes in California, 2013-2017: a population-based retrospective cohort study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020 Oct 06; 20(1):593. Scott KA, Chambers BD, Baer RJ, Ryckman KK, McLemore MR, Jelliffe-Pawlowski LL. PMID: 33023524; PMCID: PMC7541301.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Enduring Behavioral Effects Induced by Birth by Caesarean Section in the Mouse. Curr Biol. 2020 10 05; 30(19):3761-3774.e6. Morais LH, Golubeva AV, Moloney GM, Moya-Pérez A, Ventura-Silva AP, Arboleya S, Bastiaanssen TFS, O'Sullivan O, Rea K, Borre Y, Scott KA, Patterson E, Cherry P, Stilling R, Hoban AE, El Aidy S, Sequeira AM, Beers S, Moloney RD, Renes IB, Wang S, Knol J, Ross RP, O'Toole PW, Cotter PD, Stanton C, Dinan TG, Cryan JF. PMID: 32822606.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    29. Reflecting on Equity in Perinatal Care During a Pandemic. Health Equity. 2020; 4(1):330-333. Niles PM, Asiodu IV, Crear-Perry J, Julian Z, Lyndon A, McLemore MR, Planey AM, Scott KA, Vedam S. PMID: 32775943; PMCID: PMC7410286.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18  
    30. Community-informed models of perinatal and reproductive health services provision: A justice-centered paradigm toward equity among Black birthing communities. Semin Perinatol. 2020 Aug; 44(5):151267. Julian Z, Robles D, Whetstone S, Perritt JB, Jackson AV, Hardeman RR, Scott KA. PMID: 32684310.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Overexpression of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 reduces anxiety-like behavior in female mice. Physiol Behav. 2020 10 01; 224:113002. de Kloet AD, Cahill KM, Scott KA, Krause EG. PMID: 32525008; PMCID: PMC7503770.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    32. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Hospital-Based Care Associated with Postpartum Depression. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 02; 8(1):220-229. Chan AL, Guo N, Popat R, Robakis T, Blumenfeld YY, Main E, Scott KA, Butwick AJ. PMID: 32474833.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Influence of forage level and corn grain processing on whole-body urea kinetics, and serosal-to-mucosal urea flux and expression of urea transporters and aquaporins in the ovine ruminal, duodenal, and cecal epithelia. J Anim Sci. 2020 Apr 01; 98(4). Scott KA, Penner GB, Mutsvangwa T. PMID: 32227169; PMCID: PMC7174056.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    34. First, Do No Harm: Why Philanthropy Needs to Re-Examine Its Role in Reproductive Equity and Racial Justice. Health Equity. 2020; 4(1):17-22. Scott KA, Bray S, McLemore MR. PMID: 32219193; PMCID: PMC7097698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15  
    35. Redesigning Perinatal Quality Improvement Initiative: Community Driven Measures, Meanings, and Methods. 2019. Scott KA. View Publication.
    36. An anti-CRF antibody suppresses the HPA axis and reverses stress-induced phenotypes. J Exp Med. 2019 11 04; 216(11):2479-2491. Futch HS, McFarland KN, Moore BD, Kuhn MZ, Giasson BI, Ladd TB, Scott KA, Shapiro MR, Nosacka RL, Goodwin MS, Ran Y, Cruz PE, Ryu DH, Croft CL, Levites Y, Janus C, Chakrabarty P, Judge AR, Brusko TM, de Kloet AD, Krause EG, Golde TE. PMID: 31467037; PMCID: PMC6829597.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    37. Race, Research, and Women's Health: Best Practice Guidelines for Investigators. Obstet Gynecol. 2019 08; 134(2):422-423. McLemore MR, Asiodu I, Crear-Perry J, Davis DA, Drew M, Hardeman RR, Mendez DD, Roberts L, Scott KA. PMID: 31348216.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Consistency of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing Results Among Identical Twins. Am J Med. 2020 01; 133(1):143-146.e2. Huml AM, Sullivan C, Figueroa M, Scott K, Sehgal AR. PMID: 31207220; PMCID: PMC6911647.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Mid-life microbiota crises: middle age is associated with pervasive neuroimmune alterations that are reversed by targeting the gut microbiome. Mol Psychiatry. 2020 10; 25(10):2567-2583. Boehme M, van de Wouw M, Bastiaanssen TFS, Olavarría-Ramírez L, Lyons K, Fouhy F, Golubeva AV, Moloney GM, Minuto C, Sandhu KV, Scott KA, Clarke G, Stanton C, Dinan TG, Schellekens H, Cryan JF. PMID: 31092898.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    40. The Ethics of Perinatal Care for Black Women: Dismantling the Structural Racism in "Mother Blame" Narratives. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 2019 Apr/Jun; 33(2):108-115. Scott KA, Britton L, McLemore MR. PMID: 31021935.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Pretreatment with a CRF antagonist amplifies feeding inhibition induced by fourth ventricular cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide. BMC Neurosci. 2019 Mar 18; 20(1):11. Smedh U, Scott KA, Moran TH. PMID: 30885137; PMCID: PMC6421688.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Racial and ethnic disparities in severe maternal morbidity prevalence and trends. Ann Epidemiol. 2019 05; 33:30-36. Leonard SA, Main EK, Scott KA, Profit J, Carmichael SL. PMID: 30928320; PMCID: PMC6502679.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 85     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. An inconvenient truth: You have no answer that Black women don’t already possess. An open letter to, birth workers, clinicians, funders, perinatal and systems re-designers and policy makers. Black Women Birthing Justice Blog. 2018. Scott KA, Bray SRM, Asiodu IV, McLemore MR. View Publication.
    44. Fourth ventricular thyrotropin induces satiety and increases body temperature in rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2018 05 01; 314(5):R734-R740. Smedh U, Scott KA, Moran TH. PMID: 29351420; PMCID: PMC6008111.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    45. Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) consensus statement on the definition and scope of prebiotics. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Aug; 14(8):491-502. Gibson GR, Hutkins R, Sanders ME, Prescott SL, Reimer RA, Salminen SJ, Scott K, Stanton C, Swanson KS, Cani PD, Verbeke K, Reid G. PMID: 28611480.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1323     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Susceptibility or resilience? Prenatal stress predisposes male rats to social subordination, but facilitates adaptation to subordinate status. Physiol Behav. 2017 Sep 01; 178:117-125. Scott KA, de Kloet AD, Smeltzer MD, Krause EG, Flak JN, Melhorn SJ, Foster MT, Tamashiro KLK, Sakai RR. PMID: 28284881; PMCID: PMC5513742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    47. Revisiting Metchnikoff: Age-related alterations in microbiota-gut-brain axis in the mouse. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Oct; 65:20-32. Scott KA, Ida M, Peterson VL, Prenderville JA, Moloney GM, Izumo T, Murphy K, Murphy A, Ross RP, Stanton C, Dinan TG, Cryan JF. PMID: 28179108.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 81     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    48. A closer look at the subordinate population within the visible burrow system. Physiol Behav. 2017 Sep 01; 178:110-116. Melhorn SJ, Elfers CT, Scott KA, Sakai RR. PMID: 28130085; PMCID: PMC5513744.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    49. Stress coping style does not determine social status, but influences the consequences of social subordination stress. Physiol Behav. 2017 Sep 01; 178:126-133. Boersma GJ, Smeltzer MD, Scott KA, Scheurink AJ, Tamashiro KL, Sakai RR. PMID: 28069459.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    50. Transferring the blues: Depression-associated gut microbiota induces neurobehavioural changes in the rat. J Psychiatr Res. 2016 11; 82:109-18. Kelly JR, Borre Y, O' Brien C, Patterson E, El Aidy S, Deane J, Kennedy PJ, Beers S, Scott K, Moloney G, Hoban AE, Scott L, Fitzgerald P, Ross P, Stanton C, Clarke G, Cryan JF, Dinan TG. PMID: 27491067.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 539     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    51. Chronic P-glycoprotein inhibition increases the brain concentration of escitalopram: potential implications for treating depression. Pharmacol Res Perspect. 2015 12; 3(6):e00190. O'Brien FE, Moloney GM, Scott KA, O'Connor RM, Clarke G, Dinan TG, Griffin BT, Cryan JF. PMID: 27022464; PMCID: PMC4777256.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    52. Fourth ventricular CART peptide induces c-fos in the area postrema and nucleus of the solitary tract via a CRF-receptor dependent mechanism. Neurosci Lett. 2015 Nov 16; 609:124-8. Smedh U, Scott KA, Moran TH. PMID: 26475505.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    53. Altered Colonic Bacterial Fermentation as a Potential Pathophysiological Factor in Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2015 Sep; 110(9):1339-46. Ringel-Kulka T, Choi CH, Temas D, Kim A, Maier DM, Scott K, Galanko JA, Ringel Y. PMID: 26303129; PMCID: PMC4983766.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 46     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    54. Adipocyte glucocorticoid receptors mediate fat-to-brain signaling. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2015 Jun; 56:110-9. de Kloet AD, Krause EG, Solomon MB, Flak JN, Scott KA, Kim DH, Myers B, Ulrich-Lai YM, Woods SC, Seeley RJ, Herman JP. PMID: 25808702; PMCID: PMC4511277.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    55. Thinking small: towards microRNA-based therapeutics for anxiety disorders. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2015 Apr; 24(4):529-42. Scott KA, Hoban AE, Clarke G, Moloney GM, Dinan TG, Cryan JF. PMID: 25566796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    56. Amylin blunts hyperphagia and reduces weight and fat gain during recovery in socially stressed rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2012 Sep 15; 303(6):R676-82. Smeltzer M, Scott K, Melhorn S, Krause E, Sakai R. PMID: 22832535; PMCID: PMC3468449.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    57. Effects of Chronic Social Stress on Obesity. Curr Obes Rep. 2012 Mar; 1(1):16-25. Scott KA, Melhorn SJ, Sakai RR. PMID: 22943039; PMCID: PMC3428710.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 94     Fields:    
    58. Blood-borne angiotensin II acts in the brain to influence behavioral and endocrine responses to psychogenic stress. J Neurosci. 2011 Oct 19; 31(42):15009-15. Krause EG, de Kloet AD, Scott KA, Flak JN, Jones K, Smeltzer MD, Ulrich-Lai YM, Woods SC, Wilson SP, Reagan LP, Herman JP, Sakai RR. PMID: 22016534; PMCID: PMC3214963.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    59. Central angiotensin II has catabolic action at white and brown adipose tissue. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Dec; 301(6):E1081-91. de Kloet AD, Krause EG, Scott KA, Foster MT, Herman JP, Sakai RR, Seeley RJ, Woods SC. PMID: 21862725; PMCID: PMC3233774.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    60. Obesity/hyperleptinemic phenotype adversely affects hippocampal plasticity: effects of dietary restriction. Physiol Behav. 2011 Aug 03; 104(2):235-41. Grillo CA, Piroli GG, Evans AN, Macht VA, Wilson SP, Scott KA, Sakai RR, Mott DD, Reagan LP. PMID: 21036186; PMCID: PMC3097290.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    61. Meal patterns and hypothalamic NPY expression during chronic social stress and recovery. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2010 Sep; 299(3):R813-22. Melhorn SJ, Krause EG, Scott KA, Mooney MR, Johnson JD, Woods SC, Sakai RR. PMID: 20610828; PMCID: PMC2944420.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    62. Glucose parameters are altered in mouse offspring produced by assisted reproductive technologies and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Biol Reprod. 2010 Aug 01; 83(2):220-7. Scott KA, Yamazaki Y, Yamamoto M, Lin Y, Melhorn SJ, Krause EG, Woods SC, Yanagimachi R, Sakai RR, Tamashiro KL. PMID: 20445127; PMCID: PMC2907285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    63. Acute exposure to a high-fat diet alters meal patterns and body composition. Physiol Behav. 2010 Jan 12; 99(1):33-9. Melhorn SJ, Krause EG, Scott KA, Mooney MR, Johnson JD, Woods SC, Sakai RR. PMID: 19835896; PMCID: PMC2794977.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    64. Role of dorsomedial hypothalamic neuropeptide Y in modulating food intake and energy balance. J Neurosci. 2009 Jan 07; 29(1):179-90. Yang L, Scott KA, Hyun J, Tamashiro KL, Tray N, Moran TH, Bi S. PMID: 19129396; PMCID: PMC2742174.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    65. Angiotensin type 1 receptors in the subfornical organ mediate the drinking and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to systemic isoproterenol. Endocrinology. 2008 Dec; 149(12):6416-24. Krause EG, Melhorn SJ, Davis JF, Scott KA, Ma LY, de Kloet AD, Benoit SC, Woods SC, Sakai RR. PMID: 18687780; PMCID: PMC2613063.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    66. Leptin activates hypothalamic acetyl-CoA carboxylase to inhibit food intake. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 30; 104(44):17358-63. Gao S, Kinzig KP, Aja S, Scott KA, Keung W, Kelly S, Strynadka K, Chohnan S, Smith WW, Tamashiro KL, Ladenheim EE, Ronnett GV, Tu Y, Birnbaum MJ, Lopaschuk GD, Moran TH. PMID: 17956983; PMCID: PMC2077261.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 79     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    67. The GLP-1 agonist exendin-4 reduces food intake in nonhuman primates through changes in meal size. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2007 Sep; 293(3):R983-7. Scott KA, Moran TH. PMID: 17581835.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 54     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    68. Eosinophilic airway disorders. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2006 Apr; 27(2):128-33. Scott KA, Wardlaw AJ. PMID: 16612763.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    69. Lateral ventricular ghrelin and fourth ventricular ghrelin induce similar increases in food intake and patterns of hypothalamic gene expression. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2006 Jun; 290(6):R1565-9. Kinzig KP, Scott KA, Hyun J, Bi S, Moran TH. PMID: 16424082.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    70. Altered hypothalamic signaling and responses to food deprivation in rats fed a low-carbohydrate diet. Obes Res. 2005 Oct; 13(10):1672-82. Kinzig KP, Scott KA, Hyun J, Bi S, Moran TH. PMID: 16286514.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    71. Dorsomedial hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor mediation of exercise-induced anorexia. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Jun; 288(6):R1800-5. Kawaguchi M, Scott KA, Moran TH, Bi S. PMID: 15677523.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    72. Running wheel activity prevents hyperphagia and obesity in Otsuka long-evans Tokushima Fatty rats: role of hypothalamic signaling. Endocrinology. 2005 Apr; 146(4):1676-85. Bi S, Scott KA, Hyun J, Ladenheim EE, Moran TH. PMID: 15625240.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 60     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    73. Peptide YY(3-36) inhibits gastric emptying and produces acute reductions in food intake in rhesus monkeys. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Feb; 288(2):R384-8. Moran TH, Smedh U, Kinzig KP, Scott KA, Knipp S, Ladenheim EE. PMID: 15388494.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 48     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    74. Differential roles for cholecystokinin a receptors in energy balance in rats and mice. Endocrinology. 2004 Aug; 145(8):3873-80. Bi S, Scott KA, Kopin AS, Moran TH. PMID: 15123537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:Animals
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