Kate Duchowny, PhD

Title(s)Postdoctoral Scholar, Epidemiology & Biostatistics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Emailkate.duchowny@ucsf.edu
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-9771-8454 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MIPhDEpidemiology
    University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FLMPHPublic Health
    University of Miami, Miami, FLBAPsychology/Political Science

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    I am a social epidemiologist and K99-funded postdoctoral scholar in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. My overarching research goal seeks to bridge the social, environmental, and biological determinants of musculoskeletal health and physical functioning in older adults to inform interventions.

    My current research is organized around two lines of inquiry: 1) Identifying which aspects of the built and social environment matter most in helping older adults maintain independence and physical mobility, and; 2) Examining life course sociobiologic mechanisms (e.g., viral infections, mitochondrial function) that drive disparate outcomes in physical disability especially related to neighborhoods.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Examining the role of the neighborhood environment on muscle function in older adults
    NIH K99AG066846Jan 1, 2021 - Dec 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Muscle mitochondrial bioenergetic capacities are associated with multimorbidity burden in older adults: the Study of Muscle, Mobility and Aging (SOMMA). J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2024 Apr 12. Mau T, Blackwell TL, Cawthon PM, Molina AJA, Coen PM, Distefano G, Kramer PA, Ramos SV, Forman DE, Goodpaster BH, Toledo FGS, Duchowny KA, Sparks LM, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, Cummings SR. PMID: 38605684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Skeletal Muscle Energetics Explain the Sex Disparity in Mobility Impairment in the Study of Muscle, Mobility and Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2024 Apr 01; 79(4). Kramer PA, Coen PM, Cawthon PM, Distefano G, Cummings SR, Goodpaster BH, Hepple RT, Kritchevsky SB, Shankland EG, Marcinek DJ, Toledo FGS, Duchowny KA, Ramos SV, Harrison S, Newman AB, Molina AJA. PMID: 38150179; PMCID: PMC10960628.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Associations Between D3Cr Muscle Mass and Magnetic Resonance Thigh Muscle Volume With Strength, Power, Physical Performance, Fitness, and Limitations in Older Adults in the SOMMA Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2024 Apr 01; 79(4). Cawthon PM, Blackwell TL, Kritchevsky SB, Newman AB, Hepple RT, Coen PM, Goodpaster BH, Duchowny K, Hetherington-Rauth M, Mau T, Shankaran M, Hellerstein M, Evans WJ, Cummings SR. PMID: 38367212.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Childhood adverse life events and skeletal muscle mitochondrial function. Sci Adv. 2024 Mar 08; 10(10):eadj6411. Duchowny KA, Marcinek DJ, Mau T, Diaz-Ramierz LG, Lui LY, Toledo FGS, Cawthon PM, Hepple RT, Kramer PA, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, Cummings SR, Coen PM, Molina AJA. PMID: 38446898; PMCID: PMC10917337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. State variation in neighborhood COVID-19 burden across the United States. Commun Med (Lond). 2024 Mar 01; 4(1):36. Noppert GA, Clarke P, Hoover A, Kubale J, Melendez R, Duchowny K, Hegde ST. PMID: 38429552; PMCID: PMC10907669.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. Associations between D3Cr muscle mass and MR thigh muscle volume with strength, power, physical performance, fitness, and limitations in older adults in the SOMMA study. medRxiv. 2023 Nov 10. Cawthon PM, Blackwell TL, Kritchevsky SB, Newman AB, Hepple RT, Coen PM, Goodpaster BH, Duchowny K, Hetherington-Rauth M, Mau T, Shankaran M, Hellerstein M, Evans WJ, Cummings SR. PMID: 37986809; PMCID: PMC10659521.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    7. Skeletal muscle energetics explain the sex disparity in mobility impairment in the Study of Muscle, Mobility and Aging (SOMMA). medRxiv. 2023 Nov 09. Kramer PA, Coen PM, Cawthon PM, Distefano G, Cummings SR, Goodpaster BH, Hepple RT, Kritchevsky SB, Shankland EG, Marcinek DJ, Toledo FGS, Duchowny KA, Ramos SV, Harrison S, Newman AB, Molina AJA. PMID: 37987007; PMCID: PMC10659490.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    8. Childhood adverse life events and skeletal muscle mitochondrial function. medRxiv. 2023 Nov 08. Duchowny KA, Mau T, Diaz-Ramierz LG, Lui LY, Marcinek DJ, Toledo FGS, Cawthon PM, Hepple RT, Kramer PA, Newman AB, Kritchevsky SB, Cummings SR, Coen PM, Molina AJA. PMID: 37986889; PMCID: PMC10659458.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    9. Mitochondrial Energetics in Skeletal Muscle Are Associated With Leg Power and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in the Study of Muscle, Mobility and Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2023 08 02; 78(8):1367-1375. Mau T, Lui LY, Distefano G, Kramer PA, Ramos SV, Toledo FGS, Santanasto AJ, Shankland EG, Marcinek DJ, Jurczak MJ, Sipula I, Bello FM, Duchowny KA, Molina AJA, Sparks LM, Goodpaster BH, Hepple RT, Kritchevsky SB, Newman AB, Cawthon PM, Cummings SR, Coen PM. PMID: 36462195; PMCID: PMC10395564.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    10. Perceived Neighborhood Characteristics and Later-Life Pain Outcomes: Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study. J Aging Health. 2024 Mar; 36(3-4):246-256. Yang Y, Sims KD, Lane NE, Duchowny KA, Torres JM. PMID: 37349863; PMCID: PMC10739572.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Biological expressions of early life trauma in the immune system of older adults. PLoS One. 2023; 18(6):e0286141. Noppert GA, Duchowny KA, Stebbins R, Aiello AE, Dowd JB, Clarke P. PMID: 37343002; PMCID: PMC10284407.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. State Variation in Neighborhood COVID-19 Burden: Findings from the COVID Neighborhood Project. medRxiv. 2023 May 19. Noppert GA, Clarke P, Hoover A, Kubale J, Melendez R, Duchowny K, Hegde ST. PMID: 37293100; PMCID: PMC10246150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    13. Discordance in chromosomal and self-reported sex in the UK Biobank: Implications for transgender- and intersex-inclusive data collection. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2023 05 02; 120(18):e2218700120. Ackley SF, Zimmerman SC, Flatt JD, Riley AR, Sevelius J, Duchowny KA. PMID: 37094118; PMCID: PMC10161036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Declining US life expectancy since covid-19-structural inequities foreshadow future fallout. BMJ. 2022 09 16; 378:o2249. Noppert GA, Duchowny KA, Clarke PJ. PMID: 36113875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. COVID-19 mortality and excess mortality among working-age residents in California, USA, by occupational sector: a longitudinal cohort analysis of mortality surveillance data. Lancet Public Health. 2022 09; 7(9):e744-e753. Chen YH, Riley AR, Duchowny KA, Aschmann HE, Chen R, Kiang MV, Mooney AC, Stokes AC, Glymour MM, Bibbins-Domingo K. PMID: 36057273; PMCID: PMC9433054.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    16. Excess Mortality in California by Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Am J Prev Med. 2022 11; 63(5):827-836. Chen YH, Matthay EC, Chen R, DeVost MA, Duchowny KA, Riley AR, Bibbins-Domingo K, Glymour MM. PMID: 36114132; PMCID: PMC9325680.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    17. Disparities in Health Care Spending and Utilization Among Black and White Medicaid Enrollees. JAMA Health Forum. 2022 06; 3(6):e221398. Wallace J, Lollo A, Duchowny KA, Lavallee M, Ndumele CD. PMID: 35977238; PMCID: PMC9187949.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Associations Between Handgrip Strength and Dementia Risk, Cognition, and Neuroimaging Outcomes in the UK Biobank Cohort Study. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 06 01; 5(6):e2218314. Duchowny KA, Ackley SF, Brenowitz WD, Wang J, Zimmerman SC, Caunca MR, Glymour MM. PMID: 35737388; PMCID: PMC9227006.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Occupation and Educational Attainment Characteristics Associated With COVID-19 Mortality by Race and Ethnicity in California. JAMA Netw Open. 2022 04 01; 5(4):e228406. Matthay EC, Duchowny KA, Riley AR, Thomas MD, Chen YH, Bibbins-Domingo K, Glymour MM. PMID: 35452107; PMCID: PMC9034406.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Factor analysis to determine relative contributions of strength, physical performance, body composition and muscle mass to disability and mobility disability outcomes in older men. Exp Gerontol. 2022 05; 161:111714. Zanker J, Blackwell T, Patel S, Duchowny K, Brennan-Olsen S, Cummings SR, Evans WJ, Orwoll ES, Scott D, Vogrin S, Duque G, Cawthon PM, Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study Group. PMID: 35104566; PMCID: PMC8932551.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Difficulties with Activities of Daily Living and Receipt of Care Among Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment: Differences Between Those Living Alone and Those Living with Others. J Alzheimers Dis. 2022; 89(1):31-37. Yang Y, Swinnerton K, Portacolone E, Allen IE, Torres JM, Duchowny K. PMID: 35871333; PMCID: PMC10117199.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. A descriptive analysis of 2020 California Occupational Safety and Health Administration covid-19-related complaints. SSM Popul Health. 2022 Mar; 17:101016. Thomas MD, Matthay EC, Duchowny KA, Riley AR, Khela H, Chen YH, Bibbins-Domingo K, Glymour MM. PMID: 34977326; PMCID: PMC8714613.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    23. A descriptive analysis of 2020 California Occupational Safety and Health Administration COVID-19-related complaints. medRxiv. 2021 Dec 09. Thomas MD, Matthay EC, Duchowny KA, Riley AR, Khela H, Chen YH, Bibbins-Domingo K, Glymour MM. PMID: 34909780; PMCID: PMC8669847.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    24. The Association Between Cytomegalovirus and Disability by Race/Ethnicity and Sex: Results From the Health and Retirement Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2021 11 02; 190(11):2314-2322. Duchowny KA, Noppert GA. PMID: 34017977; PMCID: PMC8799899.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Geographically targeted COVID-19 vaccination is more equitable and averts more deaths than age-based thresholds alone. Sci Adv. 2021 Oct; 7(40):eabj2099. Wrigley-Field E, Kiang MV, Riley AR, Barbieri M, Chen YH, Duchowny KA, Matthay EC, Van Riper D, Jegathesan K, Bibbins-Domingo K, Leider JP. PMID: 34586843; PMCID: PMC8480919.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    
    26. What Cut-Point in Gait Speed Best Discriminates Community-Dwelling Older Adults With Mobility Complaints From Those Without? A Pooled Analysis From the Sarcopenia Definitions and Outcomes Consortium. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2021 09 13; 76(10):e321-e327. Cawthon PM, Patel SM, Kritchevsky SB, Newman AB, Santanasto A, Kiel DP, Travison TG, Lane N, Cummings SR, Orwoll ES, Duchowny KA, Kwok T, Hirani V, Schousboe J, Karlsson MK, Mellström D, Ohlsson C, Ljunggren Ö, Xue QL, Shardell M, Jordan JM, Pencina KM, Fielding RA, Magaziner J, Correa-de-Araujo R, Bhasin S, Manini TM. PMID: 34166490; PMCID: PMC8436986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Geographically-targeted COVID-19 vaccination is more equitable than age-based thresholds alone. medRxiv. 2021 Jul 30. Wrigley-Field E, Kiang MV, Riley AR, Barbieri M, Chen YH, Duchowny KA, Matthay EC, Van Riper D, Jegathesan K, Bibbins-Domingo K, Leider JP. PMID: 33791718; PMCID: PMC8010750.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    28. Excess mortality associated with the COVID-19 pandemic among Californians 18-65 years of age, by occupational sector and occupation: March through November 2020. PLoS One. 2021; 16(6):e0252454. Chen YH, Glymour M, Riley A, Balmes J, Duchowny K, Harrison R, Matthay E, Bibbins-Domingo K. PMID: 34086762; PMCID: PMC8177528.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 114     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic HealthCTClinical Trials
    29. Projected All-Cause Deaths Attributable to COVID-19-Related Unemployment in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2021 Apr; 111(4):696-699. Matthay EC, Duchowny KA, Riley AR, Galea S. PMID: 33600244; PMCID: PMC7958047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Muscle Mass Assessed by the D3-Creatine Dilution Method and Incident Self-reported Disability and Mortality in a Prospective Observational Study of Community-Dwelling Older Men. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2021 01 01; 76(1):123-130. Cawthon PM, Blackwell T, Cummings SR, Orwoll ES, Duchowny KA, Kado DM, Stone KL, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Evans WJ. PMID: 32442245; PMCID: PMC7756711.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Putative Cut-Points in Sarcopenia Components and Incident Adverse Health Outcomes: An SDOC Analysis. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2020 07; 68(7):1429-1437. Cawthon PM, Manini T, Patel SM, Newman A, Travison T, Kiel DP, Santanasto AJ, Ensrud KE, Xue QL, Shardell M, Duchowny K, Erlandson KM, Pencina KM, Fielding RA, Magaziner J, Kwok T, Karlsson M, Ohlsson C, Mellström D, Hirani V, Ribom E, Correa-de-Araujo R, Bhasin S. PMID: 32633824; PMCID: PMC7508260.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 70     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Sarcopenia Definition & Outcomes Consortium Defined Low Grip Strength in Two Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Cohorts. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2020 07; 68(7):1438-1444. Patel SM, Duchowny KA, Kiel DP, Correa-de-Araujo R, Fielding RA, Travison T, Magaziner J, Manini T, Xue QL, Newman AB, Pencina KM, Santanasto AJ, Bhasin S, Cawthon PM. PMID: 32633830.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Life course trauma and muscle weakness in older adults by gender and race/ethnicity: Results from the U.S. health and Retirement Study. SSM Popul Health. 2020 Aug; 11:100587. Duchowny KA, Hicken MT, Cawthon PM, Glymour MM, Clarke P. PMID: 32490135; PMCID: PMC7260581.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    34. Walking Speed and Muscle Mass Estimated by the D3-Creatine Dilution Method Are Important Components of Sarcopenia Associated With Incident Mobility Disability in Older Men: A Classification and Regression Tree Analysis. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 12; 21(12):1997-2002.e1. Zanker J, Patel S, Blackwell T, Duchowny K, Brennan-Olsen S, Cummings SR, Evans WJ, Orwoll ES, Scott D, Vogrin S, Cauley JA, Duque G, Cawthon PM, Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study Group. PMID: 32381425; PMCID: PMC8057698.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Is perceived neighbourhood physical disorder associated with muscle strength in middle aged and older men and women? Findings from the US health and retirement study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2020 03; 74(3):240-247. Duchowny KA, Glymour MM, Cawthon PM. PMID: 31924624; PMCID: PMC7035691.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Association of change in muscle mass assessed by D3 -creatine dilution with changes in grip strength and walking speed. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2020 02; 11(1):55-61. Duchowny KA, Peters KE, Cummings SR, Orwoll ES, Hoffman AR, Ensrud KE, Cauley JA, Evans WJ, Cawthon PM, Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study Research Group. PMID: 31621207; PMCID: PMC7015254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Do Nationally Representative Cutpoints for Clinical Muscle Weakness Predict Mortality? Results From 9 Years of Follow-up in the Health and Retirement Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019 06 18; 74(7):1070-1075. Duchowny K. PMID: 30052779; PMCID: PMC6580687.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. What features of the built environment matter most for mobility? Using wearable sensors to capture real-time outdoor environment demand on gait performance. Gait Posture. 2019 02; 68:437-442. Twardzik E, Duchowny K, Gallagher A, Alexander N, Strasburg D, Colabianchi N, Clarke P. PMID: 30594872.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Low grip strength predicts incident diabetes among mid-life women: the Michigan Study of Women's Health Across the Nation. Age Ageing. 2018 09 01; 47(5):685-691. Karvonen-Gutierrez CA, Peng Q, Peterson M, Duchowny K, Nan B, Harlow S. PMID: 29726885; PMCID: PMC6108393.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Muscle Weakness and Physical Disability in Older Americans: Longitudinal Findings from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study. J Nutr Health Aging. 2018; 22(4):501-507. Duchowny KA, Clarke PJ, Peterson MD. PMID: 29582889; PMCID: PMC6472265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Using Mobile, Wearable, Technology to Understand the Role of Built Environment Demand for Outdoor Mobility. Environment and Behavior. 2018; 50(1):1-18. Duchowny, KA, Clarke, PJ, Gallagher, NA, Adams, R, Rosso, AL, Alexander, NB. View Publication.
    42. Low Normalized Grip Strength is a Biomarker for Cardiometabolic Disease and Physical Disabilities Among U.S. and Chinese Adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Oct 12; 72(11):1525-1531. Peterson MD, Duchowny K, Meng Q, Wang Y, Chen X, Zhao Y. PMID: 28329157; PMCID: PMC5861974.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Cut Points for Clinical Muscle Weakness Among Older Americans. Am J Prev Med. 2017 Jul; 53(1):63-69. Duchowny KA, Peterson MD, Clarke PJ. PMID: 28190692; PMCID: PMC5497994.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Declines in Strength and Mortality Risk Among Older Mexican Americans: Joint Modeling of Survival and Longitudinal Data. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2016 12; 71(12):1646-1652. Peterson MD, Zhang P, Duchowny KA, Markides KS, Ottenbacher KJ, Snih SA. PMID: 27013398; PMCID: PMC5106852.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. The effect of therapeutic horseback riding on social functioning in children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord. 2009 Sep; 39(9):1261-7. Bass MM, Duchowny CA, Llabre MM. PMID: 19350376.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 75     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
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