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Kelly Knight, PhD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Anthro, History, Social Med
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address3333 California Street
San Francisco CA 94118
Phone415-867-8405
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoPhD2010 Graduate Division (Medical Anthropology)
    Harvard UniversityEdM1993Human Development and Psychology
    Georgetown UniversityBA1991Philosophy, Psychology, Theology
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2017Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    British Sociological Association2016Foundation for the Sociology of Health and Illness Book Award
    Society for Medical Anthropology2016Honorable Mention, Eileen Basker Memorial Prize
    Society for the Study of Social Problems2015Finalist (5/94), C. Wright Mills Award
    UCSF2008Chancellor’s Graduate Research Fellowship
    UCSF School of Medicine2018Bridges Curriculum Teaching Award: Excellence in Innovative Teaching Modalities

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Research Interests: The social construction and experience of addiction; Co-morbidity (HIV, substance abuse, mental illness), homelessness, and US urban health; Chronic non-cancer pain, clinical uncertainty, and scientific evidence; Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), bi-polar disorder, and the US welfare state; Gender, reproduction, motherhood and citizenship.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Examining the Consequences of Reductions in Opioid Prescribing on Patients, Clinical Care, and Community Health
    NIH/NIDA R01DA043631May 1, 2017 - Feb 28, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Family-assisted Housing for Older Homeless Adults
    NIH/NIA R01AG050630Sep 1, 2015 - Apr 30, 2020
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Pain Management in the Clinic &Community
    NIH/NIDA R01DA034625Jun 1, 2013 - Apr 30, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Student Projects

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Beyond a Moment - Reckoning with Our History and Embracing Antiracism in Medicine. N Engl J Med. 2020 Oct 08; 383(15):1404-1406. Paul DW, Knight KR, Campbell A, Aronson L. PMID: 32722907.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. "Chasing the pain relief, not the high": Experiences managing pain after opioid reductions among patients with HIV and a history of substance use. PLoS One. 2020; 15(3):e0230408. Behar E, Bagnulo R, Knight K, Santos GM, Coffin PO. PMID: 32210442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Structural Competency: Curriculum for Medical Students, Residents, and Interprofessional Teams on the Structural Factors That Produce Health Disparities. MedEdPORTAL. 2020 03 13; 16:10888. Neff J, Holmes SM, Knight KR, Strong S, Thompson-Lastad A, McGuinness C, Duncan L, Saxena N, Harvey MJ, Langford A, Carey-Simms KL, Minahan SN, Satterwhite S, Ruppel C, Lee S, Walkover L, De Avila J, Lewis B, Matthews J, Nelson N. PMID: 32342010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    4. "We Really Help, Taking Care of Each Other": Older Homeless Adults as Caregivers. Gerontol Geriatr Med. 2019 Jan-Dec; 5:2333721419894765. Rosenwohl-Mack S, Kushel M, Ramsey C, Handley M, Knight KR. PMID: 31903411.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Racial Discrimination in the Life Course of Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results of the HOPE HOME Study. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless. 2019. Paul DW, Knight KR, Olsen P, Weeks J, Yen IH, Kushel MB. View Publication.
    6. Reproductive (In)justice - Two Patients with Avoidable Poor Reproductive Outcomes. N Engl J Med. 2019 Aug 15; 381(7):593-596. Knight KR, Duncan LG, Szilvasi M, Premkumar A, Matache M, Jackson A. PMID: 31412176.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Vulnerable Patients' Psychosocial Experiences in a Group-Based, Integrative Pain Management Program. J Altern Complement Med. 2019 Jul; 25(7):719-726. Bruns EB, Befus D, Wismer B, Knight K, Adler SR, Leonoudakis-Watts K, Thompson-Lastad A, Chao MT. PMID: 31314560.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Sources and Impact of Time Pressure on Opioid Management in the Safety-Net. J Am Board Fam Med. 2019 May-Jun; 32(3):375-382. Satterwhite S, Knight KR, Miaskowski C, Chang JS, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Kushel M. PMID: 31068401.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. “Reflections on the Intersection of Student Activism and Structural Competency Training in a New Medical School Curriculum”. Structural Competency in Mental Health and Medicine: A Case-Based Approach to Treating the Social Determinants of Health, edited by Metzl and Hansen. 2019. Donald C; Fernandez F; Hsiang E; Mesina, O; Rosenwohl-Mack S; Medeiros A; Knight KR. .
    10. “The Structural Competency Working Group: Lessons from Iterative, Interdisciplinary Development of a Structural Competency Training Module”. Structural Competency in Mental Health and Medicine: A Case-Based Approach to Treating the Social Determinants of Health, edited by Metzl and Hansen. 2019. Neff J; Holmes S; Strong S; Chin G; De Avila J; Dubal S; Duncan L; Halpern J; Harvey M; Knight KR; Lemay E; Lewis B; Matthews J; Nelson N; Satterwhite S; Thompson-Lastad A; Walkover L . .
    11. Patients' and clinicians' perspectives of co-use of cannabis and opioids for chronic non-cancer pain management in primary care. Int J Drug Policy. 2019 01; 63:23-28. Cooke AC, Knight KR, Miaskowski C. PMID: 30472467.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    12. Women on the Edge: Opioids, Benzodiazepines, and the Social Anxieties Surrounding Women's Reproduction in the U.S. "Opioid Epidemic". Contemp Drug Probl. 2017 Dec 01; 44(4):301-320. Knight KR. PMID: 31537950.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    13. Opioid pharmacovigilance: A clinical-social history of the changes in opioid prescribing for patients with co-occurring chronic non-cancer pain and substance use. Soc Sci Med. 2017 08; 186:87-95. Knight KR, Kushel M, Chang JS, Zamora K, Ceasar R, Hurstak E, Miaskowski C. PMID: 28599142.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. The risks of opioid treatment: Perspectives of primary care practitioners and patients from safety-net clinics. Subst Abus. 2017 Apr-Jun; 38(2):213-221. Hurstak EE, Kushel M, Chang J, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Miaskowski C, Knight K. PMID: 28394752.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Teaching Structure: A Qualitative Evaluation of a Structural Competency Training for Resident Physicians. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Apr; 32(4):430-433. Neff J, Knight KR, Satterwhite S, Nelson N, Matthews J, Holmes SM. PMID: 27896692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Provider Experiences With the Identification, Management, and Treatment of Co-occurring Chronic Noncancer Pain and Substance Use in the Safety Net. Subst Use Misuse. 2017 01 28; 52(2):251-255. Chang JS, Kushel M, Miaskowski C, Ceasar R, Zamora K, Hurstak E, Knight KR. PMID: 27754719.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Primary care providers' experiences with urine toxicology tests to manage prescription opioid misuse and substance use among chronic noncancer pain patients in safety net health care settings. Subst Abus. 2016; 37(1):154-60. Ceasar R, Chang J, Zamora K, Hurstak E, Kushel M, Miaskowski C, Knight K. PMID: 26682471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    18. addicted.pregnant.poor. Duke University Press. 2015; p.296. Knight, KR.
    19. Risk factors for stimulant use among homeless and unstably housed adult women. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Aug 01; 153:173-9. Riley ED, Shumway M, Knight KR, Guzman D, Cohen J, Weiser SD. PMID: 26070454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Syndemic vulnerability, sexual and injection risk behaviors, and HIV continuum of care outcomes in HIV-positive injection drug users. AIDS Behav. 2015 Apr; 19(4):684-93. Mizuno Y, Purcell DW, Knowlton AR, Wilkinson JD, Gourevitch MN, Knight KR. PMID: 25249392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Recent violence in a community-based sample of homeless and unstably housed women with high levels of psychiatric comorbidity. Am J Public Health. 2014 Sep; 104(9):1657-63. Riley ED, Cohen J, Knight KR, Decker A, Marson K, Shumway M. PMID: 25033127.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. A roadmap for adapting an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention: personal cognitive counseling (PCC) for episodic substance-using men who have sex with men. Prev Sci. 2014 Jun; 15(3):364-75. Knight KR, Das M, DeMicco E, Raiford JL, Matheson T, Shook A, Antunez E, Santos GM, Dadasovich R, Dilley JW, Colfax GN, Herbst JH. PMID: 23412947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Single room occupancy (SRO) hotels as mental health risk environments among impoverished women: the intersection of policy, drug use, trauma, and urban space. Int J Drug Policy. 2014 May; 25(3):556-61. Knight KR, Lopez AM, Comfort M, Shumway M, Cohen J, Riley ED. PMID: 24411945.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Agents of change: peer mentorship as HIV prevention among HIV-positive injection drug users. Subst Use Misuse. 2012 Apr; 47(5):522-34. Mackenzie S, Pearson C, Frye V, Gómez CA, Latka MH, Purcell DW, Knowlton AR, Metsch LR, Tobin KE, Valverde EE, Knight KR. PMID: 22428820.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. San Francisco and the Biomedicalization of Poverty. American Ethnological Society Section. Anthropology News. 2012; 9(53):24. Knight, KR.
    26. The public life of sex work: risk, politics, and public health. Western Humanities Review. 2012; (Fall):55-76. Knight, KR.
    27. HIV intervention for providers study: a randomized controlled trial of a clinician-delivered HIV risk-reduction intervention for HIV-positive people. . 2010 Dec 15; 55(5):572-81. Rose CD, Courtenay-Quirk C, Knight K, Shade SB, Vittinghoff E, Gomez C, Lum PJ, Bacon O, Colfax G. PMID: 20827218.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    28. Predictors of sharing injection equipment by HIV-seropositive injection drug users. . 2008 Dec 01; 49(4):447-50. Latkin CA, Buchanan AS, Metsch LR, Knight K, Latka MH, Mizuno Y, Knowlton AR. PMID: 19186356.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    29. Predictors of current housing status among HIV-seropositive injection drug users (IDUs): results from a 1-year study. AIDS Behav. 2009 Feb; 13(1):165-72. Mizuno Y, Purcell DW, Zhang J, Knowlton AR, De Varona M, Arnsten JH, Knight KR. PMID: 18247113.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Results from a randomized controlled trial of a peer-mentoring intervention to reduce HIV transmission and increase access to care and adherence to HIV medications among HIV-seropositive injection drug users. . 2007 Nov 01; 46 Suppl 2:S35-47. Purcell DW, Latka MH, Metsch LR, Latkin CA, Gómez CA, Mizuno Y, Arnsten JH, Wilkinson JD, Knight KR, Knowlton AR, Santibanez S, Tobin KE, Rose CD, Valverde EE, Gourevitch MN, Eldred L, Borkowf CB. PMID: 18089983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    31. Intimate partner violence perpetration against main female partners among HIV-positive male injection drug users. . 2007 Nov 01; 46 Suppl 2:S101-9. Frye V, Latka MH, Wu Y, Valverde EE, Knowlton AR, Knight KR, Arnsten JH, O'Leary A. PMID: 18089979.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    32. Factors associated with antiretroviral therapy adherence and medication errors among HIV-infected injection drug users. . 2007 Nov 01; 46 Suppl 2:S64-71. Arnsten JH, Li X, Mizuno Y, Knowlton AR, Gourevitch MN, Handley K, Knight KR, Metsch LR. PMID: 18089986.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    33. Sexual transmission risk behavior reported among behaviorally bisexual HIV-positive injection drug-using men. . 2007 Nov 01; 46 Suppl 2:S80-7. Knight KR, Shade SB, Purcell DW, Rose CD, Metsch LR, Latka MH, Latkin CA, Gómez CA. PMID: 18089988.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    34. Unprotected sexual behavior among heterosexual HIV-positive injection drug using men: associations by partner type and partner serostatus. J Urban Health. 2006 Jul; 83(4):656-68. Purcell DW, Mizuno Y, Metsch LR, Garfein R, Tobin K, Knight K, Latka MH. PMID: 16736116.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Split Ends: Masculinity, sexuality and emotional intimacy among HIV-positive heterosexual men. Men and Masculinities 8:309-320. 2006. Missildine, W., Parsons, J.T., Knight, KR.
    36. Sexual risk taking among HIV-positive injection drug users: contexts, characteristics, and implications for prevention. AIDS Educ Prev. 2005 Feb; 17(1 Suppl A):76-88. Knight KR, Purcell D, Dawson-Rose C, Halkitis PN, Gomez CA. PMID: 15843119.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. "You cannot do nothing in this damn place": sex and intimacy among couples with an incarcerated male partner. J Sex Res. 2005 Feb; 42(1):3-12. Comfort M, Grinstead O, McCartney K, Bourgois P, Knight K. PMID: 15795799.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. With a little help from my friends: community affiliation and social support among HIV-positive gay and bisexual men. HIV + sex: The psychological and interpersonal dynamics of HIV-seropositive gay and bisexual men's relationships. Halkitis, P.N., Gomez, C., & Wolitski, R. APA Press. 2005. Knight, KR.
    39. The Health Care Experience of HIV Positive Injection Drug Users. Journal of Multicultural Nursing and Health, 11(1): 23-30. 2005. Dawson Rose, C.S., Shade, S.B., Lum, P.J., Knight, K.R., Purcell, D.P., & Parsons, J.
    40. The life priorities of HIV-seropositive injection drug users: findings from a community-based sample. AIDS Behav. 2003 Dec; 7(4):395-403. Mizuno Y, Purcell D, Borkowski TM, Knight K. PMID: 14707536.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Drug users talk about HIV testing: motivating and deterring factors. AIDS Care. 2001 Oct; 13(5):561-77. Downing M, Knight K, Reiss TH, Vernon K, Mulia N, Ferreboeuf M, Carroll A, Vu C. PMID: 11571004.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. "I don't know when it might pop up": understanding repeat HIV testing and perceptions of HIV among drug users. J Subst Abuse. 2001; 13(1-2):215-27. Vernon KA, Mulia N, Downing M, Knight K, Riess T. PMID: 11547621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Voices from the field: providers discuss HIV counseling and testing programs for drug users. AIDS Public Policy J. 2000; 15(2):48-64. Downing M, Mulia N, Vernon K, Knight K, Ferreboeuf M, Carroll A. PMID: 11519367.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. This is my story: a descriptive analysis of a peer education HIV/STD risk reduction program for women living in housing developments. AIDS Educ Prev. 1999 Jun; 11(3):243-61. Downing M, Knight KR, Vernon KA, Seigel S, Ajaniku I, Acosta PS, Thomas L, Porter S. PMID: 10407458.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Managing HIV among serodiscordant heterosexual couples: serostatus, stigma and sex. AIDS Care. 1998 Oct; 10(5):533-48. van der Straten A, Vernon KA, Knight KR, Gómez CA, Padian NS. PMID: 9828951.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Methadone maintenance: treatment as harm reduction, defunding as harm maximization. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 28(3). 1996. Rosenbaum, M.; Washburn, A.; Knight, K.R.; Kelley, M.S.; Irwin, J.
    47. Involuntary verses voluntary detoxification from methadone maintenance treatment: the importance of choice. Addiction Research 3(4): 351-362. 1996. Knight, K.R.; Rosenbaum, M.; Irwin, J.; Kelley, M.S.; Wenger, L.; Washburn, A.
    48. Defunding the poor: the impact of lost access to subsidized methadone maintenance treatment on women injection drug users. Journal of Drug Issues. 26(4): 923-942. 1996. Knight, K.R.; Rosenbaum, M.; Kelley, M.S.; Irwin, J.; Washburn, A.; Wenger, L.
    49. Violence: a barrier to methadone maintenance treatment for women injection drug users. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 16(5): 143-164. 1996. Kelley, M.S.; Rosenbaum, M.; Knight, K.R.; Irwin, J.; Washburn, A.
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