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Kieran O'Brien, MPH

Title(s)Postdoctoral Researcher, Proctor Foundation
SchoolChancellor/EVC/FAS
Address490 Illinois Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-514-2163
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, BerkeleyPhD08/2020Epidemiology
    University of Michigan, Ann ArborMPH04/2012Global Health Epidemiology
    University of Michigan, Ann ArborBA04/2008International Development

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Cluster-randomised trial of community-based screening for eye disease in adults in Nepal: the Village-Integrated Eye Worker Trial II (VIEW II) trial protocol. BMJ Open. 2020 10 15; 10(10):e040219. O'Brien KS, Stevens VM, Byanju R, Kandel RP, Bhandari G, Bhandari S, Melo JS, Porco TC, Lietman TM, Keenan JD. PMID: 33060092.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Knowledge and Practices in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Corneal Infections by Nepalese Pharmaceutical Shop Workers. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 10; 103(4):1694-1696. Bhandari S, Nesemann JM, Kandel RP, Poudyal B, Bhandari G, Byanju R, Shrestha R, Ramirez DA, O'Brien KS, M Lietman T, Keenan JD. PMID: 32700676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Biannual azithromycin distribution and child mortality among malnourished children: A subgroup analysis of the MORDOR cluster-randomized trial in Niger. PLoS Med. 2020 09; 17(9):e1003285. O'Brien KS, Arzika AM, Maliki R, Manzo F, Mamkara AK, Lebas E, Cook C, Bailey RL, West SK, Oldenburg CE, Porco TC, Arnold B, Keenan JD, Lietman TM. PMID: 32931496.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    4. Malaria Parasitemia and Nutritional Status during the Low Transmission Season in the Presence of Azithromycin Distribution among Preschool Children in Niger. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 09; 103(3):1315-1318. Arzika AM, Maliki R, Boubacar N, Kane S, Cook CA, Lebas E, Lin Y, O'Brien KS, Austin A, Keenan JD, Lietman TM, Oldenburg CE. PMID: 32067628.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    5. Optimizing the Number of Child Deaths Averted with Mass Azithromycin Distribution. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 09; 103(3):1308-1310. Oldenburg CE, Arzika AM, Maliki R, Lin Y, O'Brien KS, Keenan JD, Lietman TM. PMID: 32067626.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    6. Noninferiority: It's All in the Margins. Ophthalmology. 2020 06; 127(6):711-712. Lietman TM, Oldenburg CE, O'Brien KS. PMID: 32444016.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Precision of the Abbott RealTime Assay in the Detection of Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis in a Trachoma-Endemic Area of Ethiopia. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 07; 103(1):234-237. O'Brien KS, Chernet A, Moncada J, Schachter J, Emerson PM, Nash SD, Chanyalew M, Tadesse Z, Zhou Z, McCulloch CE, Lietman TM, Keenan JD. PMID: 32394877.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    8. Antioxidant Vitamins for Cataracts: 15-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Trial. Ophthalmology. 2020 07; 127(7):986-987. Srinivasan M, Ravindran RD, O'Brien KS, Kim UR, Wilkins JH, Whitcher JP, Lietman TM, Gritz DC, Keenan JD. PMID: 32273125.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Comparison of anthropometric indicators to predict mortality in a population-based prospective study of children under 5 years in Niger. Public Health Nutr. 2020 02; 23(3):538-543. O'Brien KS, Amza A, Kadri B, Nassirou B, Cotter SY, Stoller NE, West SK, Bailey RL, Porco TC, Keenan JD, Lietman TM, Oldenburg CE. PMID: 31496465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    10. Short-term weight gain among preschool children in rural Burkina Faso: a secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2019 07 29; 9(7):e029634. Dennis EG, Sie A, Ouermi L, Dah C, Tapsoba C, Zabre P, Bärnighausen T, O'Brien KS, Lebas E, Keenan JD, Oldenburg CE. PMID: 31362969.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    11. Longer-Term Assessment of Azithromycin for Reducing Childhood Mortality in Africa. N Engl J Med. 2019 Jun 06; 380(23):2207-2214. Keenan JD, Arzika AM, Maliki R, Boubacar N, Elh Adamou S, Moussa Ali M, Cook C, Lebas E, Lin Y, Ray KJ, O'Brien KS, Doan T, Oldenburg CE, Callahan EK, Emerson PM, Porco TC, Lietman TM. PMID: 31167050.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    12. Mass Oral Azithromycin for Childhood Mortality: Timing of Death After Distribution in the MORDOR Trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2019 05 30; 68(12):2114-2116. Porco TC, Hart J, Arzika AM, Weaver J, Kalua K, Mrango Z, Cotter SY, Stoller NE, O'Brien KS, Fry DM, Vanderschelden B, Oldenburg CE, West SK, Bailey RL, Keenan JD, Lietman TM. PMID: 30561577.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    13. Visual Impairment in Fungal Versus Bacterial Corneal Ulcers 4 Years After Successful Antimicrobial Treatment. Am J Ophthalmol. 2019 08; 204:124-129. Prajna NV, Srinivasan M, Mascarenhas J, Lalitha P, Rajaraman R, McClintic SM, O'Brien KS, Ray KJ, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, Keenan JD. PMID: 30902692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    14. Mass Azithromycin Distribution to Prevent Childhood Mortality: A Pooled Analysis of Cluster-Randomized Trials. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2019 03; 100(3):691-695. Oldenburg CE, Arzika AM, Amza A, Gebre T, Kalua K, Mrango Z, Cotter SY, West SK, Bailey RL, Emerson PM, O'Brien KS, Porco TC, Keenan JD, Lietman TM. PMID: 30608051.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    15. Childhood Mortality After Mass Distribution of Azithromycin: A Secondary Analysis of the PRET Cluster-randomized Trial in Niger. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 11; 37(11):1082-1086. O'Brien KS, Cotter SY, Amza A, Kadri B, Nassirou B, Stoller NE, Zhou Z, West SK, Bailey RL, Keenan JD, Porco TC, Lietman TM. PMID: 29561511.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    16. Antimicrobial resistance following mass azithromycin distribution for trachoma: a systematic review. Lancet Infect Dis. 2019 01; 19(1):e14-e25. O'Brien KS, Emerson P, Hooper PJ, Reingold AL, Dennis EG, Keenan JD, Lietman TM, Oldenburg CE. PMID: 30292480.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    17. Village-Integrated Eye Worker trial (VIEW): rationale and design of a cluster-randomised trial to prevent corneal ulcers in resource-limited settings. BMJ Open. 2018 08 10; 8(8):e021556. O'Brien KS, Byanju R, Kandel RP, Poudyal B, Gautam M, Gonzales JA, Porco TC, Whitcher JP, Srinivasan M, Upadhyay M, Lietman TM, Keenan JD. PMID: 30099393.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Mass Azithromycin Distribution and Community Microbiome: A Cluster-Randomized Trial. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018 Aug; 5(8):ofy182. Doan T, Hinterwirth A, Arzika AM, Cotter SY, Ray KJ, O'Brien KS, Zhong L, Chow ED, Zhou Z, Cummings SL, Fry D, Oldenburg CE, Worden L, Porco TC, Keenan JD, Lietman TM. PMID: 30151409.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Anthropometry and Malaria among Children in Niger: A Cross-Sectional Study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2018 09; 99(3):665-669. O'Brien KS, Amza A, Kadri B, Nassirou B, Cotter SY, Stoller NE, West SK, Bailey RL, Porco TC, Gaynor BD, Lietman TM, Oldenburg CE. PMID: 30014814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Regression Discontinuity and Randomized Controlled Trial Estimates: An Application to The Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trials. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2018 08; 25(4):315-322. Oldenburg CE, Venkatesh Prajna N, Krishnan T, Rajaraman R, Srinivasan M, Ray KJ, O'Brien KS, Glymour MM, Porco TC, Acharya NR, Rose-Nussbaumer J, Lietman TM. PMID: 29718751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    21. Azithromycin to Reduce Childhood Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 26; 378(17):1583-1592. Keenan JD, Bailey RL, West SK, Arzika AM, Hart J, Weaver J, Kalua K, Mrango Z, Ray KJ, Cook C, Lebas E, O'Brien KS, Emerson PM, Porco TC, Lietman TM. PMID: 29694816.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 55     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    22. Mass Azithromycin and Malaria Parasitemia in Niger: Results from a Community-Randomized Trial. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Sep; 97(3):696-701. O'Brien KS, Cotter SY, Amza A, Kadri B, Nassirou B, Stoller NE, Zhou Z, Cotter C, West SK, Bailey RL, Rosenthal PJ, Gaynor BD, Porco TC, Lietman TM. PMID: 28722569.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Adjunctive Oral Voriconazole Treatment of Fusarium Keratitis: A Secondary Analysis From the Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trial II. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017 06 01; 135(6):520-525. Prajna NV, Krishnan T, Rajaraman R, Patel S, Shah R, Srinivasan M, Devi L, Das M, Ray KJ, O'Brien KS, Oldenburg CE, McLeod SD, Zegans ME, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, Rose-Nussbaumer J. PMID: 28426856.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    24. Effect of Oral Voriconazole on Fungal Keratitis in the Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trial II (MUTT II): A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 12 01; 134(12):1365-1372. Prajna NV, Krishnan T, Rajaraman R, Patel S, Srinivasan M, Das M, Ray KJ, O'Brien KS, Oldenburg CE, McLeod SD, Zegans ME, Porco TC, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, Rose-Nussbaumer J. PMID: 27787540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    25. Effect of pretreatment with antifungal agents on clinical outcomes in fungal keratitis. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2016 Dec; 44(9):763-767. Sun CQ, Prajna NV, Krishnan T, Rajaraman R, Srinivasan M, Raghavan A, O'Brien KS, McLeod SD, Acharya NR, Rose-Nussbaumer J. PMID: 27329780.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Changing Azole Resistance: A Secondary Analysis of the MUTT I Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Jun 01; 134(6):693-6. Prajna NV, Lalitha P, Rajaraman R, Krishnan T, Raghavan A, Srinivasan M, O'Brien KS, Zegans M, McLeod SD, Acharya NR, Keenan JD, Lietman TM, Rose-Nussbaumer J. PMID: 27054515.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    27. Risk factors for low vision related functioning in the Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trial: a randomised trial comparing natamycin with voriconazole. Br J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jul; 100(7):929-932. Rose-Nussbaumer J, Prajna NV, Krishnan T, Mascarenhas J, Rajaraman R, Srinivasan M, Raghavan A, Oldenburg CE, O'Brien KS, Ray KJ, Porco TC, McLeod SD, Acharya NR, Keenan JD, Lietman TM. PMID: 26531051.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Expert opinion in the management of aqueous Deficient Dry Eye Disease (DED). BMC Ophthalmol. 2015 Oct 13; 15:133. Sy A, O'Brien KS, Liu MP, Cuddapah PA, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, Rose-Nussbaumer J. PMID: 26462481.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    29. Association of pretreatment with antifungal medication and fungal resistance in the mycotic ulcer treatment trial I. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Oct; 133(10):1210-1. Prajna NV, Prajna L, O'Brien KS, Sun CQ, Acharya N, Lietman TM, Rose-Nussbaumer J. PMID: 26110254.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    30. The Effect of Mass Azithromycin Distribution on Childhood Mortality: Beliefs and Estimates of Efficacy. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Nov; 93(5):1106-9. See CW, O'Brien KS, Keenan JD, Stoller NE, Gaynor BD, Porco TC, Lietman TM. PMID: 26392160.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Vision-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes in the Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trial I: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Jun; 133(6):642-6. Rose-Nussbaumer J, Prajna NV, Krishnan KT, Mascarenhas J, Rajaraman R, Srinivasan M, Raghavan A, Oldenburg CE, O'Brien KS, Ray KJ, McLeod SD, Porco TC, Lietman TM, Acharya NR, Keenan JD. PMID: 25764482.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    32. Microbial keratitis: a community eye health approach. Community Eye Health. 2015; 28(89):1-2. O'Brien KS, Lietman TM, Keenan JD, Whitcher JP. PMID: 26435582.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    33. Visual outcomes in treated bacterial keratitis: four years of prospective follow-up. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 May 02; 55(5):2935-40. McClintic SM, Prajna NV, Srinivasan M, Mascarenhas J, Lalitha P, Rajaraman R, Oldenburg CE, O'Brien KS, Ray KJ, Acharya NR, Lietman TM, Keenan JD. PMID: 24618327.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Association between in vitro susceptibility to natamycin and voriconazole and clinical outcomes in fungal keratitis. Ophthalmology. 2014 Aug; 121(8):1495-500.e1. Sun CQ, Lalitha P, Prajna NV, Karpagam R, Geetha M, O'Brien KS, Oldenburg CE, Ray KJ, McLeod SD, Acharya NR, Lietman TM. PMID: 24746358.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    35. Antibiotic use as a tragedy of the commons: a cross-sectional survey. Comput Math Methods Med. 2014; 2014:837929. O'Brien KS, Blumberg S, Enanoria WT, Ackley S, Sippl-Swezey N, Lietman TM. PMID: 24587818.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    36. In vitro susceptibility of filamentous fungal isolates from a corneal ulcer clinical trial. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb; 157(2):318-26. Lalitha P, Sun CQ, Prajna NV, Karpagam R, Geetha M, O'Brien KS, Cevallos V, McLeod SD, Acharya NR, Lietman TM. PMID: 24439440.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    37. The steroids for corneal ulcers trial (SCUT): secondary 12-month clinical outcomes of a randomized controlled trial. Am J Ophthalmol. 2014 Feb; 157(2):327-333.e3. Srinivasan M, Mascarenhas J, Rajaraman R, Ravindran M, Lalitha P, O'Brien KS, Glidden DV, Ray KJ, Oldenburg CE, Zegans ME, Whitcher JP, McLeod SD, Porco TC, Lietman TM, Acharya NR. PMID: 24315294.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    38. Voriconazole for fungal keratitis. Ophthalmology. 2013 Sep; 120(9):e62-3. Prajna NV, O'Brien KS, Acharya NR, Lietman TM. PMID: 24001540.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Expert prior elicitation and Bayesian analysis of the Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trial I. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Jun 14; 54(6):4167-73. Sun CQ, Prajna NV, Krishnan T, Mascarenhas J, Rajaraman R, Srinivasan M, Raghavan A, O'Brien KS, Ray KJ, McLeod SD, Porco TC, Acharya NR, Lietman TM. PMID: 23702779.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    40. Traditional herbalists and cancer management in Kumasi, Ghana. J Cancer Educ. 2012 Jun; 27(3):573-9. O'Brien KS, Soliman AS, Annan K, Lartey RN, Awuah B, Merajver SD. PMID: 22549472.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Career development needs assessment in cancer prevention and control: focus on research in minority and international settings. J Cancer Educ. 2011 Sep; 26(3):409-19. Soliman AS, Mullan PB, O'Brien KS, Thaivalappil S, Chamberlain RM. PMID: 21681434.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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