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Lawrence Fong, MD

Title(s)Professor, Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-514-3160
EmailLawrence.Fong@ucsf.edu
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Columbia, New YorkBA05/1988
    Stanford, StanfordMD05/1992
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Stanford1990Stanford Alumni Medical Scholar
    1993Alpha Omega Alpha
    1997American Society of Clinical Oncology Young Investigator Award
    1997American Cancer Society Post-Doctoral Fellowship
    2002American Association for Cancer Research Scholar-in-Training Award
    2003V Foundation Scholar
    2014Earle Chiles Visiting Professorship
    2015American Society for Clinical Investigation

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Mechanisms of Exosome Driven Immunoregulation of Cancer Progression
    NIH/NCI U01CA244452Sep 23, 2019 - Aug 31, 2024
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Molecular and immune drivers of immunotherapy responsiveness in prostate cancer
    NIH/NCI U01CA233100Sep 19, 2018 - Aug 31, 2023
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Determinants of prostate cancer sensitivity to PD-1 blockade
    NIH/NCI R01CA223484Jan 16, 2018 - Dec 31, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Immunotherapy of human bladder cancer
    NIH/NCI R01CA194511Jul 2, 2015 - Jun 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Prostatitis and Prostate Cancer Development
    NIH/NCI R01CA163012Sep 1, 2012 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Prostate Cancer Immunotherapy
    NIH/NCI R01CA136753Mar 1, 2009 - Feb 28, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Dendritics Cell Immunotherapy for Colorectal Cancer
    NIH/NCI R01CA102303Apr 1, 2004 - Mar 31, 2009
    Role: Principal Investigator
    DENDRITIC CELL IMMUNOTHERAPY FOR LUNG AND COLON CANCER
    NIH/NCI K23CA082584Jul 6, 1999 - Jun 30, 2004
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Uldrick TS, Gonçalves PH, Abdul-Hay M, Claeys AJ, Emu B, Ernstoff MS, Fling SP, Fong L, Kaiser JC, Lacroix AM, Lee SY, Lundgren LM, Lurain K, Parsons CH, Peeramsetti S, Ramaswami R, Sharon E, Sznol M, Wang CJ, Yarchoan R, Cheever MA. Assessment of the Safety of Pembrolizumab in Patients With HIV and Advanced Cancer-A Phase 1 Study. JAMA Oncol. 2019 Jun 02. PMID: 31154457.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Fradet Y, Bellmunt J, Vaughn DJ, Lee JL, Fong L, Vogelzang NJ, Climent MA, Petrylak DP, Choueiri TK, Necchi A, Gerritsen W, Gurney H, Quinn DI, Culine S, Sternberg CN, Nam K, Frenkl TL, Perini RF, de Wit R, Bajorin DF. Randomized phase III KEYNOTE-045 trial of pembrolizumab versus paclitaxel, docetaxel, or vinflunine in recurrent advanced urothelial cancer: results of?>?2 years of follow-up. Ann Oncol. 2019 May 03. PMID: 31050707.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Poggio M, Hu T, Pai CC, Chu B, Belair CD, Chang A, Montabana E, Lang UE, Fu Q, Fong L, Blelloch R. Suppression of Exosomal PD-L1 Induces Systemic Anti-tumor Immunity and Memory. Cell. 2019 Apr 04; 177(2):414-427.e13. PMID: 30951669.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Zhao SG, Lehrer J, Chang SL, Das R, Erho N, Liu Y, Sjöström M, Den RB, Freedland SJ, Klein EA, Karnes RJ, Schaeffer EM, Xu M, Speers C, Nguyen PL, Ross AE, Chan JM, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Davicioni E, Fong L, Spratt DE, Feng FY. The Immune Landscape of Prostate Cancer and Nomination of PD-L2 as a Potential Therapeutic Target. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 Mar 01; 111(3):301-310. PMID: 30321406.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Pai CS, Huang JT, Lu X, Simons DM, Park C, Chang A, Tamaki W, Liu E, Roybal KT, Seagal J, Chen M, Hagihara K, Wei XX, DuPage M, Kwek SS, Oh DY, Daud A, Tsai KK, Wu C, Zhang L, Fasso M, Sachidanandam R, Jayaprakash A, Lin I, Casbon AJ, Kinsbury GA, Fong L. Clonal Deletion of Tumor-Specific T Cells by Interferon-? Confers Therapeutic Resistance to Combination Immune Checkpoint Blockade. Immunity. 2019 02 19; 50(2):477-492.e8. PMID: 30737146.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Oh DY, Fong L. Immunity in the Time of Metastases. Immunity. 2018 12 18; 49(6):1002-1003. PMID: 30566878.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Pai CS, Simons DM, Lu X, Evans M, Wei J, Wang YH, Chen M, Huang J, Park C, Chang A, Wang J, Westmoreland S, Beam C, Banach D, Bowley D, Dong F, Seagal J, Ritacco W, Richardson PL, Mitra S, Lynch G, Bousquet P, Mankovich J, Kingsbury G, Fong L. Tumor-conditional anti-CTLA4 uncouples antitumor efficacy from immunotherapy-related toxicity. J Clin Invest. 2019 Jan 02; 129(1):349-363. PMID: 30530991.
      View in: PubMed
    8. McDermott DF, Huseni MA, Atkins MB, Motzer RJ, Rini BI, Escudier B, Fong L, Joseph RW, Pal SK, Reeves JA, Sznol M, Hainsworth J, Rathmell WK, Stadler WM, Hutson T, Gore ME, Ravaud A, Bracarda S, Suárez C, Danielli R, Gruenwald V, Choueiri TK, Nickles D, Jhunjhunwala S, Piault-Louis E, Thobhani A, Qiu J, Chen DS, Hegde PS, Schiff C, Fine GD, Powles T. Publisher Correction: Clinical activity and molecular correlates of response to atezolizumab alone or in combination with bevacizumab versus sunitinib in renal cell carcinoma. Nat Med. 2018 Dec; 24(12):1941. PMID: 30291359.
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    9. Quigley DA, Dang HX, Zhao SG, Lloyd P, Aggarwal R, Alumkal JJ, Foye A, Kothari V, Perry MD, Bailey AM, Playdle D, Barnard TJ, Zhang L, Zhang J, Youngren JF, Cieslik MP, Parolia A, Beer TM, Thomas G, Chi KN, Gleave M, Lack NA, Zoubeidi A, Reiter RE, Rettig MB, Witte O, Ryan CJ, Fong L, Kim W, Friedlander T, Chou J, Li H, Das R, Li H, Moussavi-Baygi R, Goodarzi H, Gilbert LA, Lara PN, Evans CP, Goldstein TC, Stuart JM, Tomlins SA, Spratt DE, Cheetham RK, Cheng DT, Farh K, Gehring JS, Hakenberg J, Liao A, Febbo PG, Shon J, Sickler B, Batzoglou S, Knudsen KE, He HH, Huang J, Wyatt AW, Dehm SM, Ashworth A, Chinnaiyan AM, Maher CA, Small EJ, Feng FY. Genomic Hallmarks and Structural Variation in Metastatic Prostate Cancer. Cell. 2018 10 18; 175(3):889. PMID: 30340047.
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    10. Hagihara K, Chan S, Zhang L, Oh DY, Wei XX, Simko J, Fong L. Neoadjuvant sipuleucel-T induces both Th1 activation and immune regulation in localized prostate cancer. Oncoimmunology. 2019; 8(1):e1486953. PMID: 30546940.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Lee M, Hong H, Kim W, Zhang L, Friedlander TW, Fong L, Lin AM, Small EJ, Wei XX, Rodvelt TJ, Miralda B, Stocksdale B, Ryan CJ, Aggarwal R. Itraconazole as a Noncastrating Treatment for Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer: A Phase 2 Study. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2019 Feb; 17(1):e92-e96. PMID: 30327180.
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    12. Moroz A, Lee CY, Wang YH, Hsiao JC, Sevillano N, Truillet C, Craik CS, Fong L, Wang CI, Evans MJ. A Preclinical Assessment of 89Zr-atezolizumab Identifies a Requirement for Carrier Added Formulations Not Observed with 89Zr-C4. Bioconjug Chem. 2018 10 17; 29(10):3476-3482. PMID: 30227708.
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    13. Quigley DA, Dang HX, Zhao SG, Lloyd P, Aggarwal R, Alumkal JJ, Foye A, Kothari V, Perry MD, Bailey AM, Playdle D, Barnard TJ, Zhang L, Zhang J, Youngren JF, Cieslik MP, Parolia A, Beer TM, Thomas G, Chi KN, Gleave M, Lack NA, Zoubeidi A, Reiter RE, Rettig MB, Witte O, Ryan CJ, Fong L, Kim W, Friedlander T, Chou J, Li H, Das R, Li H, Moussavi-Baygi R, Goodarzi H, Gilbert LA, Lara PN, Evans CP, Goldstein TC, Stuart JM, Tomlins SA, Spratt DE, Cheetham RK, Cheng DT, Farh K, Gehring JS, Hakenberg J, Liao A, Febbo PG, Shon J, Sickler B, Batzoglou S, Knudsen KE, He HH, Huang J, Wyatt AW, Dehm SM, Ashworth A, Chinnaiyan AM, Maher CA, Small EJ, Feng FY. Genomic Hallmarks and Structural Variation in Metastatic Prostate Cancer. Cell. 2018 07 26; 174(3):758-769.e9. PMID: 30033370.
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    14. Wang D, Quiros J, Mahuron K, Pai CC, Ranzani V, Young A, Silveria S, Harwin T, Abnousian A, Pagani M, Rosenblum MD, Van Gool F, Fong L, Bluestone JA, DuPage M. Targeting EZH2 Reprograms Intratumoral Regulatory T Cells to Enhance Cancer Immunity. Cell Rep. 2018 06 12; 23(11):3262-3274. PMID: 29898397.
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    15. McDermott DF, Huseni MA, Atkins MB, Motzer RJ, Rini BI, Escudier B, Fong L, Joseph RW, Pal SK, Reeves JA, Sznol M, Hainsworth J, Rathmell WK, Stadler WM, Hutson T, Gore ME, Ravaud A, Bracarda S, Suárez C, Danielli R, Gruenwald V, Choueiri TK, Nickles D, Jhunjhunwala S, Piault-Louis E, Thobhani A, Qiu J, Chen DS, Hegde PS, Schiff C, Fine GD, Powles T. Clinical activity and molecular correlates of response to atezolizumab alone or in combination with bevacizumab versus sunitinib in renal cell carcinoma. Nat Med. 2018 06; 24(6):749-757. PMID: 29867230.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Patel A, Fong L. Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Where Do We Go From Here?-PART 2: Checkpoint Inhibitors, Immunotherapy Combinations, Tumor Microenvironment Modulation, and Cellular Therapies. Oncology (Williston Park). 2018 06; 32(6):e65-e73. PMID: 29940064.
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    17. Vaughn DJ, Bellmunt J, Fradet Y, Lee JL, Fong L, Vogelzang NJ, Climent MA, Petrylak DP, Choueiri TK, Necchi A, Gerritsen W, Gurney H, Quinn DI, Culine S, Sternberg CN, Mai Y, Li H, Perini RF, Bajorin DF, de Wit R. Health-Related Quality-of-Life Analysis From KEYNOTE-045: A Phase III Study of Pembrolizumab Versus Chemotherapy for Previously Treated Advanced Urothelial Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2018 06 01; 36(16):1579-1587. PMID: 29590008.
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    18. Patel A, Fong L. Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer: Where Do We Go From Here?-PART 1: Prostate Cancer Vaccines. Oncology (Williston Park). 2018 03 15; 32(3):112-20. PMID: 29548065.
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    19. Cha E, Fong L. Shuffling the deck with CTLA-4 therapy: Deep sequencing of rearranged TCRB genes demonstrates T cell repertoire remodeling in cancer patients. Oncoimmunology. 2018; 7(4):e956016. PMID: 29632706.
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    20. Wei XX, Siegel AP, Aggarwal R, Lin AM, Friedlander TW, Fong L, Kim W, Louttit M, Chang E, Zhang L, Ryan CJ. A Phase II Trial of Selinexor, an Oral Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export Compound, in Abiraterone- and/or Enzalutamide-Refractory Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. Oncologist. 2018 06; 23(6):656-e64. PMID: 29487219.
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    21. Mariathasan S, Turley SJ, Nickles D, Castiglioni A, Yuen K, Wang Y, Kadel EE, Koeppen H, Astarita JL, Cubas R, Jhunjhunwala S, Banchereau R, Yang Y, Guan Y, Chalouni C, Ziai J, Senbabaoglu Y, Santoro S, Sheinson D, Hung J, Giltnane JM, Pierce AA, Mesh K, Lianoglou S, Riegler J, Carano RAD, Eriksson P, Höglund M, Somarriba L, Halligan DL, van der Heijden MS, Loriot Y, Rosenberg JE, Fong L, Mellman I, Chen DS, Green M, Derleth C, Fine GD, Hegde PS, Bourgon R, Powles T. TGFß attenuates tumour response to PD-L1 blockade by contributing to exclusion of T cells. Nature. 2018 02 22; 554(7693):544-548. PMID: 29443960.
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    22. Sun Z, Wang CY, Lawson DA, Kwek S, Velozo HG, Owyong M, Lai MD, Fong L, Wilson M, Su H, Werb Z, Cooke DL. Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals gene expression signatures of breast cancer-associated endothelial cells. Oncotarget. 2018 Feb 16; 9(13):10945-10961. PMID: 29541388.
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    23. Wei XX, Perry J, Chang E, Zhang L, Hiatt RA, Ryan CJ, Small EJ, Fong L. Clinical Variables Associated With Overall Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Patients Treated With Sipuleucel-T Immunotherapy. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2018 06; 16(3):184-190.e2. PMID: 29352713.
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    24. Truillet C, Oh HLJ, Yeo SP, Lee CY, Huynh LT, Wei J, Parker MFL, Blakely C, Sevillano N, Wang YH, Shen YS, Olivas V, Jami KM, Moroz A, Jego B, Jaumain E, Fong L, Craik CS, Chang AJ, Bivona TG, Wang CI, Evans MJ. Imaging PD-L1 Expression with ImmunoPET. Bioconjug Chem. 2018 01 17; 29(1):96-103. PMID: 29125731.
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    25. Bakhru P, Zhu ML, Wang HH, Hong LK, Khan I, Mouchess M, Gulati AS, Starmer J, Hou Y, Sailer D, Lee S, Zhao F, Kirkwood JM, Moschos S, Fong L, Anderson MS, Su MA. Combination central tolerance and peripheral checkpoint blockade unleashes antimelanoma immunity. JCI Insight. 2017 09 21; 2(18). PMID: 28931755.
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    26. Cabana MD, McKean M, Caughey AB, Fong L, Lynch S, Wong A, Leong R, Boushey HA, Hilton JF. Early Probiotic Supplementation for Eczema and Asthma Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pediatrics. 2017 Sep; 140(3). PMID: 28784701.
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    27. Friedlander TW, Graff JN, Zejnullahu K, Anantharaman A, Zhang L, Paz R, Premasekharan G, Russell C, Huang Y, Kim W, Aggarwal RR, Lin AM, Fong L, Alumkal JJ, Beer TM, Sharifi N, Alyamani M, Dittamore R, Small EJ, Paris PL, Ryan CJ. High-Dose Abiraterone Acetate in Men With Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2017 12; 15(6):733-741.e1. PMID: 28655452.
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    28. Zhang L, Cham J, Paciorek A, Trager J, Sheikh N, Fong L. 3D: diversity, dynamics, differential testing - a proposed pipeline for analysis of next-generation sequencing T cell repertoire data. BMC Bioinformatics. 2017 Feb 27; 18(1):129. PMID: 28241742.
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    29. Bellmunt J, de Wit R, Vaughn DJ, Fradet Y, Lee JL, Fong L, Vogelzang NJ, Climent MA, Petrylak DP, Choueiri TK, Necchi A, Gerritsen W, Gurney H, Quinn DI, Culine S, Sternberg CN, Mai Y, Poehlein CH, Perini RF, Bajorin DF. Pembrolizumab as Second-Line Therapy for Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma. N Engl J Med. 2017 03 16; 376(11):1015-1026. PMID: 28212060.
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    30. Spitzer MH, Carmi Y, Reticker-Flynn NE, Kwek SS, Madhireddy D, Martins MM, Gherardini PF, Prestwood TR, Chabon J, Bendall SC, Fong L, Nolan GP, Engleman EG. Systemic Immunity Is Required for Effective Cancer Immunotherapy. Cell. 2017 01 26; 168(3):487-502.e15. PMID: 28111070.
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    31. Oh DY, Cham J, Zhang L, Fong G, Kwek SS, Klinger M, Faham M, Fong L. Immune Toxicities Elicted by CTLA-4 Blockade in Cancer Patients Are Associated with Early Diversification of the T-cell Repertoire. Cancer Res. 2017 03 15; 77(6):1322-1330. PMID: 28031229.
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    32. McNeel DG, Bander NH, Beer TM, Drake CG, Fong L, Harrelson S, Kantoff PW, Madan RA, Oh WK, Peace DJ, Petrylak DP, Porterfield H, Sartor O, Shore ND, Slovin SF, Stein MN, Vieweg J, Gulley JL. The Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer consensus statement on immunotherapy for the treatment of prostate carcinoma. J Immunother Cancer. 2016; 4:92. PMID: 28031820.
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    33. Thimmig LM, Cabana MD, Bentz MG, Potocka K, Beck A, Fong L, Chao C, Caughey AB, Wong A, McKean M. Television During Meals in the First 4 Years of Life. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 Jun; 56(7):659-666. PMID: 28503997.
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    34. Kim W, Fong L. Can Prostate Cancer Really Respond to Immunotherapy? J Clin Oncol. 2017 01; 35(1):4-5. PMID: 28034060.
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    35. Wattenberg MM, Fong L, Madan RA, Gulley JL. Immunotherapy in genitourinary malignancies. Curr Opin Urol. 2016 11; 26(6):501-7. PMID: 27471994.
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    36. Wei XX, Chan S, Kwek S, Lewis J, Dao V, Zhang L, Cooperberg MR, Ryan CJ, Lin AM, Friedlander TW, Rini B, Kane C, Simko JP, Carroll PR, Small EJ, Fong L. Systemic GM-CSF Recruits Effector T Cells into the Tumor Microenvironment in Localized Prostate Cancer. Cancer Immunol Res. 2016 11; 4(11):948-958. PMID: 27688020.
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    37. Sheikh N, Cham J, Zhang L, DeVries T, Letarte S, Pufnock J, Hamm D, Trager J, Fong L. Clonotypic Diversification of Intratumoral T Cells Following Sipuleucel-T Treatment in Prostate Cancer Subjects. Cancer Res. 2016 07 01; 76(13):3711-8. PMID: 27216195.
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    38. Choueiri TK, Fishman MN, Escudier B, McDermott DF, Drake CG, Kluger H, Stadler WM, Perez-Gracia JL, McNeel DG, Curti B, Harrison MR, Plimack ER, Appleman L, Fong L, Albiges L, Cohen L, Young TC, Chasalow SD, Ross-Macdonald P, Srivastava S, Jure-Kunkel M, Kurland JF, Simon JS, Sznol M. Immunomodulatory Activity of Nivolumab in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2016 Nov 15; 22(22):5461-5471. PMID: 27169994.
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    39. Wei XX, Fong L, Small EJ. Prospects for the use of ipilimumab in treating advanced prostate cancer. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2016; 16(3):421-32. PMID: 26698365.
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    40. Kwek SS, Kahn J, Greaney SK, Lewis J, Cha E, Zhang L, Weber RW, Leonard L, Markovic SN, Fong L, Spitler LE. GM-CSF and ipilimumab therapy in metastatic melanoma: Clinical outcomes and immunologic responses. Oncoimmunology. 2016 Apr; 5(4):e1101204. PMID: 27141383.
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    41. Wei XX, Fong L, Small EJ. Prostate Cancer Immunotherapy with Sipuleucel-T: Current Standards and Future Directions. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2015; 14(12):1529-41. PMID: 26488270.
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    42. Oh DY, Venook AP, Fong L. On the Verge: Immunotherapy for Colorectal Carcinoma. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2015 Aug; 13(8):970-8. PMID: 26285242.
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    43. Landegren N, Sharon D, Shum AK, Khan IS, Fasano KJ, Hallgren Å, Kampf C, Freyhult E, Ardesjö-Lundgren B, Alimohammadi M, Rathsman S, Ludvigsson JF, Lundh D, Motrich R, Rivero V, Fong L, Giwercman A, Gustafsson J, Perheentupa J, Husebye ES, Anderson MS, Snyder M, Kämpe O. Transglutaminase 4 as a prostate autoantigen in male subfertility. Sci Transl Med. 2015 Jun 17; 7(292):292ra101. PMID: 26084804.
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    44. Kwek SS, Lewis J, Zhang L, Weinberg V, Greaney SK, Harzstark AL, Lin AM, Ryan CJ, Small EJ, Fong L. Preexisting Levels of CD4 T Cells Expressing PD-1 Are Related to Overall Survival in Prostate Cancer Patients Treated with Ipilimumab. Cancer Immunol Res. 2015 Sep; 3(9):1008-16. PMID: 25968455.
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    45. Small EJ, Lance RS, Gardner TA, Karsh LI, Fong L, McCoy C, DeVries T, Sheikh NA, GuhaThakurta D, Chang N, Redfern CH, Shore ND. A Randomized Phase II Trial of Sipuleucel-T with Concurrent versus Sequential Abiraterone Acetate plus Prednisone in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Sep 01; 21(17):3862-9. PMID: 25925891.
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    46. Kim W, Zhang L, Wilton JH, Fetterly G, Mohler JL, Weinberg V, Morse A, Szmulewitz RZ, Friedlander TW, Fong L, Lin AM, Harzstark AL, Molina A, Small EJ, Ryan CJ. Sequential use of the androgen synthesis inhibitors ketoconazole and abiraterone acetate in castration-resistant prostate cancer and the predictive value of circulating androgens. Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Dec 15; 20(24):6269-76. PMID: 25336698.
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    47. Fong L, Carroll P, Weinberg V, Chan S, Lewis J, Corman J, Amling CL, Stephenson RA, Simko J, Sheikh NA, Sims RB, Frohlich MW, Small EJ. Activated lymphocyte recruitment into the tumor microenvironment following preoperative sipuleucel-T for localized prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014 Nov; 106(11). PMID: 25255802.
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    48. Cha E, Klinger M, Hou Y, Cummings C, Ribas A, Faham M, Fong L. Improved survival with T cell clonotype stability after anti-CTLA-4 treatment in cancer patients. Sci Transl Med. 2014 May 28; 6(238):238ra70. PMID: 24871131.
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    49. Khan IS, Mouchess ML, Zhu ML, Conley B, Fasano KJ, Hou Y, Fong L, Su MA, Anderson MS. Enhancement of an anti-tumor immune response by transient blockade of central T cell tolerance. J Exp Med. 2014 May 05; 211(5):761-8. PMID: 24752296.
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    50. Friedlander TW, Fong L. The end of the beginning: circulating tumor cells as a biomarker in castration-resistant prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2014 Apr 10; 32(11):1104-6. PMID: 24616311.
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    51. Cheng ML, Fong L. Beyond sipuleucel-T: immune approaches to treating prostate cancer. Curr Treat Options Oncol. 2014 Mar; 15(1):115-26. PMID: 24402184.
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    52. Lou DY, Fong L. Neoadjuvant therapy for localized prostate cancer: Examining mechanism of action and efficacy within the tumor. Urol Oncol. 2016 Apr; 34(4):182-92. PMID: 24495446.
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    53. Cheng ML, Fong L. Effects of RANKL-Targeted Therapy in Immunity and Cancer. Front Oncol. 2014 Jan 07; 3:329. PMID: 24432249.
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    54. Kwek SS, Dao V, Roy R, Hou Y, Alajajian D, Simko JP, Small EJ, Fong L. Diversity of antigen-specific responses induced in vivo with CTLA-4 blockade in prostate cancer patients. J Immunol. 2012 Oct 01; 189(7):3759-66. PMID: 22956585.
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    55. Kwek SS, Cha E, Fong L. Unmasking the immune recognition of prostate cancer with CTLA4 blockade. Nat Rev Cancer. 2012 03 01; 12(4):289-97. PMID: 22378189.
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    56. Friedlander TW, Weinberg VK, Huang Y, Mi JT, Formaker CG, Small EJ, Harzstark AL, Lin AM, Fong L, Ryan CJ. A phase II study of insulin-like growth factor receptor inhibition with nordihydroguaiaretic acid in men with non-metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. Oncol Rep. 2012 Jan; 27(1):3-9. PMID: 21971890.
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    57. Cha E, Fong L. Immunotherapy for prostate cancer: biology and therapeutic approaches. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Sep 20; 29(27):3677-85. PMID: 21825260.
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    58. Kapadia D, Sadikovic A, Vanloubbeeck Y, Brockstedt D, Fong L. Interplay between CD8a+ dendritic cells and monocytes in response to Listeria monocytogenes infection attenuates T cell responses. PLoS One. 2011 Apr 29; 6(4):e19376. PMID: 21559416.
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    59. Harzstark AL, Small EJ, Weinberg VK, Sun J, Ryan CJ, Lin AM, Fong L, Brocks DR, Rosenberg JE. A phase 1 study of everolimus and sorafenib for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Cancer. 2011 Sep 15; 117(18):4194-200. PMID: 21387258.
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    60. Posselt AM, Szot GL, Frassetto LA, Masharani U, Tavakol M, Amin R, McElroy J, Ramos MD, Kerlan RK, Fong L, Vincenti F, Bluestone JA, Stock PG. Islet transplantation in type 1 diabetic patients using calcineurin inhibitor-free immunosuppressive protocols based on T-cell adhesion or costimulation blockade. Transplantation. 2010 Dec 27; 90(12):1595-601. PMID: 20978464.
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    61. Moltzahn F, Olshen AB, Baehner L, Peek A, Fong L, Stöppler H, Simko J, Hilton JF, Carroll P, Blelloch R. Microfluidic-based multiplex qRT-PCR identifies diagnostic and prognostic microRNA signatures in the sera of prostate cancer patients. Cancer Res. 2011 Jan 15; 71(2):550-60. PMID: 21098088.
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    62. Friedlander TW, Weinberg VK, Small EJ, Sharib J, Harzstark AL, Lin AM, Fong L, Ryan CJ. Effect of the somatostatin analog octreotide acetate on circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 and related peptides in patients with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: results of a phase II study. Urol Oncol. 2012 Jul-Aug; 30(4):408-14. PMID: 20884247.
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    63. Chung KY, Gore I, Fong L, Venook A, Beck SB, Dorazio P, Criscitiello PJ, Healey DI, Huang B, Gomez-Navarro J, Saltz LB. Phase II study of the anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 monoclonal antibody, tremelimumab, in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Jul 20; 28(21):3485-90. PMID: 20498386.
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    64. DeVoss JJ, LeClair NP, Hou Y, Grewal NK, Johannes KP, Lu W, Yang T, Meagher C, Fong L, Strauss EC, Anderson MS. An autoimmune response to odorant binding protein 1a is associated with dry eye in the Aire-deficient mouse. J Immunol. 2010 Apr 15; 184(8):4236-46. PMID: 20237294.
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    91. Merad M, Sugie T, Engleman EG, Fong L. In vivo manipulation of dendritic cells to induce therapeutic immunity. Blood. 2002 Mar 01; 99(5):1676-82. PMID: 11861283.
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    92. Fong L, Brockstedt D, Benike C, Breen JK, Strang G, Ruegg CL, Engleman EG. Dendritic cell-based xenoantigen vaccination for prostate cancer immunotherapy. J Immunol. 2001 Dec 15; 167(12):7150-6. PMID: 11739538.
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