Mika Varma, MD

Title(s)Professor, Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-885-7676
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Brown UniversityM.D.1991School of Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2018Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Madhulika Varma, Chief of Colorectal Surgery, specializes in the surgical treatment of diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus. Her areas of expertise include colon and rectal cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and pelvic floor disorders. She is also a specialist in advanced laparoscopic and robotic colorectal surgery, using minimally invasive techniques to treat many of these diseases. Dr. Varma is the director of the UCSF Center for Pelvic Physiology, which evaluates patients with fecal incontinence, constipation, pelvic floor prolapse, rectal cancer, and anal fistulas. She is a member of the clinical team of the UCSF Women’s Continence Center and the UCSF Center for Colitis and Crohn’s Disease.

    Dr. Varma earned her medical degree at Brown University School of Medicine in Providence, R.I. She completed her residency in general surgery at UCSF and spent a year at the University of Minnesota to obtain specialized training in colon and rectal surgery. She returned to the faculty at UCSF in 2000, where she completed a fellowship in Clinical Outcomes Research and Epidemiology. Her research interests include the assessment of clinical outcomes and quality of life for patients with colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases, and defecation disorders.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Proof-of-concept for intervention to prevent post-operative ileus in patients undergoing ileostomy formation. Perioper Med (Lond). 2022 Jul 12; 11(1):25. Greenberg AL, Kelly YM, Sarin A, Varma MG. PMID: 35818058; PMCID: PMC9275170.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    2. Organ Preservation in Patients With Rectal Adenocarcinoma Treated With Total Neoadjuvant Therapy. J Clin Oncol. 2022 08 10; 40(23):2546-2556. Garcia-Aguilar J, Patil S, Gollub MJ, Kim JK, Yuval JB, Thompson HM, Verheij FS, Omer DM, Lee M, Dunne RF, Marcet J, Cataldo P, Polite B, Herzig DO, Liska D, Oommen S, Friel CM, Ternent C, Coveler AL, Hunt S, Gregory A, Varma MG, Bello BL, Carmichael JC, Krauss J, Gleisner A, Paty PB, Weiser MR, Nash GM, Pappou E, Guillem JG, Temple L, Wei IH, Widmar M, Lin S, Segal NH, Cercek A, Yaeger R, Smith JJ, Goodman KA, Wu AJ, Saltz LB. PMID: 35483010; PMCID: PMC9362876.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    3. Comparison of advanced techniques for local excision of rectal lesions: a case series. BMC Surg. 2022 Mar 27; 22(1):117. Schwab ME, Hernandez S, Watanaskul S, Chern H, Varma M, Sarin A. PMID: 35346146; PMCID: PMC8962117.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Risk factors and outcomes associated with postoperative ileus following ileostomy formation: a retrospective study. Perioper Med (Lond). 2021 Dec 13; 10(1):55. Greenberg AL, Kelly YM, McKay RE, Varma MG, Sarin A. PMID: 34895339; PMCID: PMC8667388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    5. Survival impact of bowel resection at the time of interval cytoreductive surgery for advanced ovarian cancer. Gynecol Oncol Rep. 2021 Nov; 38:100870. McNamara B, Guerra R, Qin J, Craig AD, Chen LM, Varma MG, Chapman JS. PMID: 34646929; PMCID: PMC8496105.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. Perfusion Assessment in Left-Sided/Low Anterior Resection (PILLAR III): A Randomized, Controlled, Parallel, Multicenter Study Assessing Perfusion Outcomes With PINPOINT Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging in Low Anterior Resection. Dis Colon Rectum. 2021 08 01; 64(8):995-1002. Jafari MD, Pigazzi A, McLemore EC, Mutch MG, Haas E, Rasheid SH, Wait AD, Paquette IM, Bardakcioglu O, Safar B, Landmann RG, Varma MG, Maron DJ, Martz J, Bauer JJ, George VV, Fleshman JW, Steele SR, Stamos MJ. PMID: 33872284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Colorectal Cancer Before and After Treatment Initiation. J Gastrointest Cancer. 2019 Dec; 50(4):769-779. Savoie MB, Paciorek A, Zhang L, Van Blarigan EL, Sommovilla N, Abrams D, Atreya CE, Bergsland EK, Chern H, Kelley RK, Ko A, Laffan A, Sarin A, Varma MG, Venook AP, Van Loon K. PMID: 30058032; PMCID: PMC6650370.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Consolidation mFOLFOX6 Chemotherapy After Chemoradiotherapy Improves Survival in Patients With Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer: Final Results of a Multicenter Phase II Trial. Dis Colon Rectum. 2018 Oct; 61(10):1146-1155. Marco MR, Zhou L, Patil S, Marcet JE, Varma MG, Oommen S, Cataldo PA, Hunt SR, Kumar A, Herzig DO, Fichera A, Polite BN, Hyman NH, Ternent CA, Stamos MJ, Pigazzi A, Dietz D, Yakunina Y, Pelossof R, Garcia-Aguilar J, Timing of Rectal Cancer Response to Chemoradiation Consortium. PMID: 30192323; PMCID: PMC6130918.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    9. Does Extended PET Acquisition in PET/MRI Rectal Cancer Staging Improve Results? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2018 10; 211(4):896-900. Bailey JJ, Jordan EJ, Burke C, Ohliger MA, Wang ZJ, Van Loon K, Varma MG, Hope TA. PMID: 30106609; PMCID: PMC7000107.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Consensus Statement of Definitions for Anorectal Physiology Testing and Pelvic Floor Terminology (Revised). Dis Colon Rectum. 2018 Apr; 61(4):421-427. Bordeianou LG, Carmichael JC, Paquette IM, Wexner S, Hull TL, Bernstein M, Keller DS, Zutshi M, Varma MG, Gurland BH, Steele SR. PMID: 29521821.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Expert Commentary on Rectal Prolapse. Dis Colon Rectum. 2017 11; 60(11):1135-1136. Varma MG. PMID: 28991076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. SNMMI Comment on the 2016 Society of Surgical Oncology "Choosing Wisely" Recommendation on the Use of PET/CT in Colorectal Cancer. J Nucl Med. 2017 01; 58(1):11-12. Zukotynski K, Jadvar H, Hope T, Subramaniam RM, Van Loon K, Varma M, Niederkohr RD, PET Center of Excellence. PMID: 27688471.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Characteristics Associated With Successful Fitting of a Vaginal Bowel Control System for Fecal Incontinence. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2016 Sep-Oct; 22(5):359-63. Matthews CA, Varma MG, Takase-Sanchez MM, Hale DS, Van Drie D, Muir T, Wells E, Jannelli M, Richter HE. PMID: 27564386.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    14. Successful implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program shortens length of stay and improves postoperative pain, and bowel and bladder function after colorectal surgery. BMC Anesthesiol. 2016 08 03; 16(1):55. Sarin A, Litonius ES, Naidu R, Yost CS, Varma MG, Chen LL. PMID: 27488470; PMCID: PMC4973042.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. A Novel Decision Aid for Surgical Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: Results of a Pilot Study. Dis Colon Rectum. 2016 Jun; 59(6):520-8. Cohan JN, Ozanne EM, Sewell JL, Hofer RK, Mahadevan U, Varma MG, Finlayson E. PMID: 27145309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    16. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons' Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Constipation. Dis Colon Rectum. 2016 Jun; 59(6):479-92. Paquette IM, Varma M, Ternent C, Melton-Meaux G, Rafferty JF, Feingold D, Steele SR. PMID: 27145304.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Impact of a Novel Vaginal Bowel Control System on Bowel Function. Dis Colon Rectum. 2016 Feb; 59(2):127-31. Varma MG, Matthews CA, Muir T, Takase-Sanchez MM, Hale DS, Van Drie D, Richter HE. PMID: 26734971.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    18. Impact of Surgery on Relationship Quality in Patients With Ulcerative Colitis and Their Partners. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015 Dec; 58(12):1144-50. Cohan JN, Rhee JY, Finlayson E, Varma MG. PMID: 26544811.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    19. Differences in Symptom Severity and Quality of Life in Patients With Obstructive Defecation and Colonic Inertia. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015 Oct; 58(10):994-8. Chou AB, Cohan JN, Varma MG. PMID: 26347972.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Faecal incontinence in men referred for specialty care: a cross-sectional study. Colorectal Dis. 2015 Sep; 17(9):802-9. Cohan JN, Chou AB, Varma MG. PMID: 25757510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Outcomes Analysis of Biologic Mesh Use for Abdominal Wall Reconstruction in Clean-Contaminated and Contaminated Ventral Hernia Repair. Ann Plast Surg. 2015 Aug; 75(2):201-4. Sbitany H, Kwon E, Chern H, Finlayson E, Varma MG, Hansen SL. PMID: 24317239.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Impact of Patient Age on Procedure Type for Ulcerative Colitis: A National Study. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015 Aug; 58(8):769-74. Cohan JN, Bacchetti P, Varma MG, Finlayson E. PMID: 26163956.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Effect of adding mFOLFOX6 after neoadjuvant chemoradiation in locally advanced rectal cancer: a multicentre, phase 2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Aug; 16(8):957-66. Garcia-Aguilar J, Chow OS, Smith DD, Marcet JE, Cataldo PA, Varma MG, Kumar AS, Oommen S, Coutsoftides T, Hunt SR, Stamos MJ, Ternent CA, Herzig DO, Fichera A, Polite BN, Dietz DW, Patil S, Avila K, Timing of Rectal Cancer Response to Chemoradiation Consortium. PMID: 26187751; PMCID: PMC4670237.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 166     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    24. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons' Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Fecal Incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015 Jul; 58(7):623-36. Paquette IM, Varma MG, Kaiser AM, Steele SR, Rafferty JF. PMID: 26200676.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Outcomes after ileoanal pouch surgery in frail and older adults. J Surg Res. 2015 Oct; 198(2):327-33. Cohan JN, Bacchetti P, Varma MG, Finlayson E. PMID: 25937568.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. A vaginal bowel-control system for the treatment of fecal incontinence. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Mar; 125(3):540-547. Richter HE, Matthews CA, Muir T, Takase-Sanchez MM, Hale DS, Van Drie D, Varma MG. PMID: 25730213.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    27. The evolution of evaluation and management of urinary or fecal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Curr Probl Surg. 2015 Mar; 52(3):92-136. Steele SR, Varma MG, Prichard D, Bharucha AE, Vogler SA, Erdogan A, Rao SS, Lowry AC, Lange EO, Hall GM, Bleier JI, Senagore AJ, Maykel J, Chan SY, Paquette IM, Audett MC, Bastawrous A, Umamaheswaran P, Fleshman JW, Caton G, O'Brien BS, Nelson JM, Steiner A, Garely A, Noor N, Desrosiers L, Kelley R, Jacobson NS. PMID: 25933741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. The evolution of evaluation and management of urinary or fecal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Curr Probl Surg. 2015 Feb; 52(2):17-75. Steele SR, Varma MG, Prichard D, Bharucha AE, Vogler SA, Erdogan A, Rao SS, Lowry AC, Lange EO, Hall GM, Bleier JI, Senagore AJ, Maykel J, Chan SY, Paquette IM, Audett MC, Bastawrous A, Umamaheswaran P, Fleshman JW, Caton G, O'Brien BS, Nelson JM, Steiner A, Garely A, Noor N, Desrosiers L, Kelley R, Jacobson NS. PMID: 25919203.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Perineal flap reconstruction following oncologic anorectal extirpation: an outcomes assessment. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Jan; 135(1):176e-184e. Wang ED, Conkling N, Xu X, Chern H, Finlayson E, Varma MG, Hansen SL, Foster RD, Hoffman WY, Sbitany H. PMID: 25539325.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Treatment of fecal incontinence: state of the science summary for the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases workshop. Am J Gastroenterol. 2015 Jan; 110(1):138-46; quiz 147. Whitehead WE, Rao SS, Lowry A, Nagle D, Varma M, Bitar KN, Bharucha AE, Hamilton FA. PMID: 25331348.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Simple interventions for complex complications: moving surgery forward. Dis Colon Rectum. 2014 Jan; 57(1):3-4. Cohan JN, Varma MG. PMID: 24316940.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Impact of depression and anxiety on the quality of life of constipated patients. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. 2013 Mar; 20(1):123-32. Albiani JJ, Hart SL, Katz L, Berian J, Del Rosario A, Lee J, Varma M. PMID: 22581107.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. Outcomes after rectal cancer surgery in elderly nursing home residents. Dis Colon Rectum. 2012 Dec; 55(12):1229-35. Finlayson E, Zhao S, Varma MG. PMID: 23135580.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Exacerbation of symptom severity of pelvic floor disorders in women who report a history of sexual abuse. Arch Surg. 2012 Dec; 147(12):1123-9. Imhoff LR, Liwanag L, Varma M. PMID: 23248015.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Fecal incontinence decreases sexual quality of life, but does not prevent sexual activity in women. Dis Colon Rectum. 2012 Oct; 55(10):1059-65. Imhoff LR, Brown JS, Creasman JM, Subak LL, Van den Eeden SK, Thom DH, Varma MG, Huang AJ. PMID: 22965405; PMCID: PMC3720983.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Practice parameters for anal squamous neoplasms. Dis Colon Rectum. 2012 Jul; 55(7):735-49. Steele SR, Varma MG, Melton GB, Ross HM, Rafferty JF, Buie WD, Standards Practice Task Force of the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. PMID: 22706125.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. A randomized controlled trial of anorectal biofeedback for constipation. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2012 Apr; 27(4):459-66. Hart SL, Lee JW, Berian J, Patterson TR, Del Rosario A, Varma MG. PMID: 22159695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Development and assessment of the constipation-related disability scale. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Jan; 35(1):183-92. Hart SL, Albiani JJ, Crangle CJ, Torbit LA, Varma MG. PMID: 22093056.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Practice parameters for the management of rectal prolapse. Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Nov; 54(11):1339-46. Varma M, Rafferty J, Buie WD, Standards Practice Task Force of American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. PMID: 21979176.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Chromosomal copy number alterations are associated with tumor response to chemoradiation in locally advanced rectal cancer. Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2011 Sep; 50(9):689-99. Chen Z, Liu Z, Li W, Qu K, Deng X, Varma MG, Fichera A, Pigazzi A, Garcia-Aguilar J. PMID: 21584903; PMCID: PMC3134546.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    41. Gender-specific differences in pelvic organ function after proctectomy for inflammatory bowel disease. Dis Colon Rectum. 2011 Jan; 54(1):66-76. Wang JY, Hart SL, Wilkowski KS, Lee JW, Delmotte EC, del Rosario KM, del Rosario AS, Varma MG. PMID: 21160316.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Sew or staple: does it make a difference? Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Apr; 17(4):1046-7. Varma MG. PMID: 21391287.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    43. Age differences in patients evaluated for constipation: constipation characteristics, symptoms, and bowel and dietary habits. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2010 Nov-Dec; 37(6):667-76. McCrea GL, Miaskowski C, Stotts NA, Macera L, Paul SM, Varma MG. PMID: 21052025.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Validation of the risk index category as a predictor of surgical site infection in elective colorectal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum. 2010 May; 53(5):721-7. Pastor C, Baek JH, Varma MG, Kim E, Indorf LA, Garcia-Aguilar J. PMID: 20389205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. An increase in compliance with the Surgical Care Improvement Project measures does not prevent surgical site infection in colorectal surgery. Dis Colon Rectum. 2010 Jan; 53(1):24-30. Pastor C, Artinyan A, Varma MG, Kim E, Gibbs L, Garcia-Aguilar J. PMID: 20010346.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Pelvic floor disorders and quality of life in women with self-reported irritable bowel syndrome. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2010 Feb 01; 31(3):424-31. Wang J, Varma MG, Creasman JM, Subak LL, Brown JS, Thom DH, van den Eeden SK. PMID: 19863498; PMCID: PMC2807921.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. A valid and reliable measure of constipation-related quality of life. Dis Colon Rectum. 2009 Aug; 52(8):1434-42. Wang JY, Hart SL, Lee J, Berian JR, McCrea GL, Varma MG. PMID: 19617757.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas: are fistula plugs an acceptable alternative? Dis Colon Rectum. 2009 Apr; 52(4):692-7. Wang JY, Garcia-Aguilar J, Sternberg JA, Abel ME, Varma MG. PMID: 19404076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Gender differences in self-reported constipation characteristics, symptoms, and bowel and dietary habits among patients attending a specialty clinic for constipation. Gend Med. 2009 Apr; 6(1):259-71. McCrea GL, Miaskowski C, Stotts NA, Macera L, Paul SM, Varma MG. PMID: 19467522.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Hospitalized ulcerative colitis patients have an elevated risk of thromboembolic events. World J Gastroenterol. 2009 Feb 28; 15(8):927-35. Wang JY, Terdiman JP, Vittinghoff E, Minichiello T, Varma MG. PMID: 19248191; PMCID: PMC2653404.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Factors that increase risk of colon polyps. Clin Colon Rectal Surg. 2008 Nov; 21(4):247-55. Grahn SW, Varma MG. PMID: 20011435; PMCID: PMC2780253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9  
    52. A review of the literature on gender and age differences in the prevalence and characteristics of constipation in North America. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2009 Apr; 37(4):737-45. McCrea GL, Miaskowski C, Stotts NA, Macera L, Varma MG. PMID: 18789639.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Surgery for inflammatory bowel disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2008 May 07; 14(17):2678-90. Hwang JM, Varma MG. PMID: 18461653; PMCID: PMC2709047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Pathophysiology of constipation in the older adult. World J Gastroenterol. 2008 May 07; 14(17):2631-8. McCrea GL, Miaskowski C, Stotts NA, Macera L, Varma MG. PMID: 18461648; PMCID: PMC2709058.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Implementation of quality measures to reduce surgical site infection in colorectal patients. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Jul; 51(7):1004-9. Wick EC, Gibbs L, Indorf LA, Varma MG, Garcia-Aguilar J. PMID: 18415649.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Obstructive defecation in middle-aged women. Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Oct; 53(10):2702-9. Varma MG, Hart SL, Brown JS, Creasman JM, Van Den Eeden SK, Thom DH. PMID: 18340532; PMCID: PMC3030249.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Review article: self-report measures to evaluate constipation. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Apr; 27(8):638-48. McCrea GL, Miaskowski C, Stotts NA, Macera L, Hart SA, Varma MG. PMID: 18221405.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Fecal incontinence: does age matter? Characteristics of older vs. younger women presenting for treatment of fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Apr; 51(4):426-31. Wang JY, Patterson TR, Hart SL, Varma MG. PMID: 18213493.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. The constipation severity instrument: a validated measure. Dis Colon Rectum. 2008 Feb; 51(2):162-72. Varma MG, Wang JY, Berian JR, Patterson TR, McCrea GL, Hart SL. PMID: 18172725.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Dartos muscle interposition flap for the treatment of rectourethral fistulas. Dis Colon Rectum. 2007 Nov; 50(11):1849-55. Varma MG, Wang JY, Garcia-Aguilar J, Shelton AA, McAninch JW, Goldberg SM. PMID: 17828402.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Small bowel bezoar in a patient with Noonan syndrome: report of a case. MedGenMed. 2007 Feb 21; 9(1):34. Bitton A, Keagle JN, Varma MG. PMID: 17435641; PMCID: PMC1925032.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Fecal incontinence in females older than aged 40 years: who is at risk? Dis Colon Rectum. 2006 Jun; 49(6):841-51. Varma MG, Brown JS, Creasman JM, Thom DH, Van Den Eeden SK, Beattie MS, Subak LL, Reproductive Risks for Incontinence Study at Kaiser (RRISK) Research Group. PMID: 16741640; PMCID: PMC1557355.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Faecal incontinence in adults. Lancet. 2004 Aug 14-20; 364(9434):621-32. Madoff RD, Parker SC, Varma MG, Lowry AC. PMID: 15313364.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 64     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Gross versus microscopic pancolitis and the occurrence of neoplasia in ulcerative colitis. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2003 Nov; 9(6):351-5. Mathy C, Schneider K, Chen YY, Varma M, Terdiman JP, Mahadevan U. PMID: 14671483.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Conserved motifs in somatostatin, D2-dopamine, and alpha 2B-adrenergic receptors for inhibiting the Na-H exchanger, NHE1. J Biol Chem. 2003 Apr 25; 278(17):15128-35. Lin CY, Varma MG, Joubel A, Madabushi S, Lichtarge O, Barber DL. PMID: 12566440.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    66. Local therapy for rectal cancer. Surg Oncol. 2001 Jul-Aug; 10(1-2):61-9. Visser BC, Varma MG, Welton ML. PMID: 11719030.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Local excision of rectal carcinoma. Arch Surg. 1999 Aug; 134(8):863-7; discussion 867-8. Varma MG, Rogers SJ, Schrock TR, Welton ML. PMID: 10443810.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Evaluation of plasma insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 as a potential predictor of preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Oct; 169(4):995-9. Varma M, de Groot CJ, Lanyi S, Taylor RN. PMID: 7694465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
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