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Michael Lawton, MD

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentNeurological Surgery
Address505 Parnassus Ave, Moffitt
San Francisco CA 94117
Phone415-353-3998
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Johns HopkinsM.D.1990School of Medicine

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Brain Vascular Malformation Consortium: Predictors of clinical course
    NIH/NINDS U54NS065705Sep 30, 2009 - Jul 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    RADIATION ARTERIOPATHY IN A TRANSGENIC AV FISTULA MODEL
    NIH/NINDS K08NS002220Sep 30, 2000 - Aug 31, 2006
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse Clinical Trials

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Burkhardt JK, Lawton M. Trends in Resident Operative Teaching Opportunities for Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2017 Apr 21. PMID: 28438650.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Kuwabara A, Liu J, Kamio Y, Liu A, Lawton M, Lee JW, Hashimoto T. Protective Effect of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Against the Development of Intracranial Aneurysm Rupture in Mice. Neurosurgery. 2017 Apr 19. PMID: 28431181.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Zhu W, Shen F, Mao L, Zhan L, Kang S, Sun Z, Nelson J, Zhang R, Zou D, McDougall CM, Lawton M, Vu TH, Wu Z, Scaria A, Colosi P, Forsayeth J, Su H. Soluble FLT1 Gene Therapy Alleviates Brain Arteriovenous Malformation Severity. Stroke. 2017 Mar 21. PMID: 28325846.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Wang DD, Burkhardt JK, Magill ST, Lawton M. Anterior transposition of anomalous tortuous vertebral artery causing cervical radiculopathy - A report of 2 cases and review of literature. World Neurosurg. 2017 Feb 09. PMID: 28192269.
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    5. Tayebi Meybodi A, Lawton M, Griswold D, Mokhtari P, Payman A, Yousef S, Tabani H, Benet A. The Anterior Temporal Artery-to-Anterior Cerebral Artery Bypass: Anatomical Feasibility of a Novel Intracranial-Intracranial Revascularization Technique. World Neurosurg. 2016 Dec 10. PMID: 27965074.
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    6. Zygourakis CC, Valencia V, Moriates C, Boscardin CK, Catschegn S, Rajkomar A, Bozic KJ, Soo Hoo K, Goldberg AN, Pitts L, Lawton M, Dudley RA, Gonzales R. Association Between Surgeon Scorecard Use and Operating Room Costs. JAMA Surg. 2016 Dec 07. PMID: 27926758.
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    7. Guo X, Tabani H, Griswold D, Tayebi Meybodi A, Sanchez JJ, Lawton M, Benet A. Hearing Preservation During Anterior Petrosectomy: the "Cochlear Safety Line". World Neurosurg. 2016 Nov 29. PMID: 27913265.
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    8. Tayebi Meybodi A, Lawton M, Griswold D, Mokhtari P, Payman A, Benet A. The anterior temporal artery: an underutilized but robust donor for revascularization of the distal middle cerebral artery. J Neurosurg. 2016 Nov 11; 1-8. PMID: 27834592.
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    9. Vali A, Abla AA, Lawton M, Saloner D, Rayz VL. Computational Fluid Dynamics modeling of contrast transport in basilar aneurysms following flow-altering surgeries. J Biomech. 2016 Nov 11. PMID: 27890537.
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    10. Tayebi Meybodi A, Lawton M, Tabani H, Benet A. Tonsillobiventral fissure approach to the lateral recess of the fourth ventricle. J Neurosurg. 2016 Oct 28; 1-7. PMID: 27791522.
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    11. Davies JM, Lawton M. Improved outcomes for patients with cerebrovascular malformations at high-volume centers: the impact of surgeon and hospital volume in the United States, 2000-2009. J Neurosurg. 2016 Oct 14; 1-12. PMID: 27739942.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Zygourakis CC, Valencia V, Boscardin C, Nayak RU, Moriates C, Gonzales R, Theodosopoulos P, Lawton M. Predictors of Variation in Neurosurgical Supply Costs and Outcomes Across 4904 Surgeries at a Single Institution. World Neurosurg. 2016 Dec; 96:177-183. PMID: 27613498.
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    13. Griswold D, Benet A, Berger MS, Lawton M. Meeting the Unmet Need: Training General Surgeons to Perform Life-Saving Neurosurgical Procedures in Low-Resource Settings. World Neurosurg. 2016 Sep; 93:474. PMID: 27637695.
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    14. Walcott BP, Winkler EA, Rouleau GA, Lawton M. Molecular, Cellular, and Genetic Determinants of Sporadic Brain Arteriovenous Malformations. Neurosurgery. 2016 Aug; 63 Suppl 1:37-42. PMID: 27399362.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Bekelis K, Gottlieb D, MacKenzie T, Lanzino G, Lawton M, Tjoumakaris SI, Jabbour P. 101 Medicare Expenditures for Elderly Patients Undergoing Surgical Clipping or Endovascular Intervention for Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 2016 Aug; 63 Suppl 1:143. PMID: 27399381.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Zygourakis CC, Valencia V, Moriates C, Boscardin C, Catschegn S, Goldberg A, Bozic K, Hoo KS, Wustrack R, Pitts LH, Dudley A, Gonzales R, Lawton M. 152 A Prospective Controlled Trial of the Effect of Surgeon Cost Scorecards on Operating Room Surgical Cost Reduction. Neurosurgery. 2016 Aug; 63 Suppl 1:161-2. PMID: 27399431.
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    17. Zygourakis CC, Liu C, Theodosopoulos PV, Lawton M, Dudley A, Gonzales R. 153 Significant Interhospital Variation in Cranial Surgery Costs Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database. Neurosurgery. 2016 Aug; 63 Suppl 1:162. PMID: 27399432.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Michalak SM, Rolston JD, Lawton M. Incidence and Predictors of Complications and Mortality in Cerebrovascular Surgery: National Trends From 2007 to 2012. Neurosurgery. 2016 Aug; 79(2):182-93. PMID: 27171325.
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    19. Choudhri O, Schoen M, Mantha A, Feroze A, Ali R, Lawton M, Do HM. Increased risk for complications following diagnostic cerebral angiography in older patients: Trends from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (1999-2009). J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Oct; 32:109-14. PMID: 27430411.
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    20. Lawton M, Abla AA, Rutledge WC, Benet A, Zador Z, Rayz V, Saloner D, Halbach V. Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Dolichoectatic Basilar Trunk Aneurysms: A Work in Progress. Neurosurgery. 2016 Jul; 79(1):83-99. PMID: 26671632.
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    21. Butler CC, Sterne JA, Lawton M, O'Brien K, Wootton M, Hood K, Hollingworth W, Little P, Delaney BC, van der Voort J, Dudley J, Birnie K, Pickles T, Waldron CA, Downing H, Thomas-Jones E, Lisles C, Rumsby K, Durbaba S, Whiting P, Harman K, Howe R, MacGowan A, Fletcher M, Hay AD. Nappy pad urine samples for investigation and treatment of UTI in young children: the 'DUTY' prospective diagnostic cohort study. Br J Gen Pract. 2016 Jul; 66(648):e516-24. PMID: 27364678.
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    22. Hay AD, Birnie K, Busby J, Delaney B, Downing H, Dudley J, Durbaba S, Fletcher M, Harman K, Hollingworth W, Hood K, Howe R, Lawton M, Lisles C, Little P, MacGowan A, O'Brien K, Pickles T, Rumsby K, Sterne JA, Thomas-Jones E, van der Voort J, Waldron CA, Whiting P, Wootton M, Butler CC. The Diagnosis of Urinary Tract infection in Young children (DUTY): a diagnostic prospective observational study to derive and validate a clinical algorithm for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in children presenting to primary care with an acute illness. Health Technol Assess. 2016 Jul; 20(51):1-294. PMID: 27401902.
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    23. Walcott BP, Choudhri O, Lawton M. Brainstem cavernous malformations: Natural history versus surgical management. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Oct; 32:164-5. PMID: 27320373; PMCID: PMC5011020 [Available on 10/01/17].
    24. Safaee MM, Englot DJ, Han SJ, Lawton M, Berger MS. The transsylvian approach for resection of insular gliomas: technical nuances of splitting the Sylvian fissure. J Neurooncol. 2016 Nov; 130(2):283-287. PMID: 27294356.
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    25. Walcott BP, Choudhri O, Lawton M. Hemodynamics in Symptomatic Atherosclerotic Vertebrobasilar Occlusive Disease. JAMA Neurol. 2016 Jun 1; 73(6):759. PMID: 27088447.
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    26. Meybodi AT, Griswold D, Tabani H, Lawton M, Mokhtari P, Payman A, Benet A. Topographic Surgical Anatomy of the Parasylvian Anterior Temporal Artery for Intracranial-Intracranial Bypass. World Neurosurg. 2016 Sep; 93:67-72. PMID: 27241097.
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    27. Bekelis K, Gottlieb DJ, Su Y, O'Malley AJ, Labropoulos N, Goodney P, Lawton M, MacKenzie TA. Comparison of clipping and coiling in elderly patients with unruptured cerebral aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 2016 May 20; 1-8. PMID: 27203150.
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    28. Rutledge WC, Choudhri O, Walcott BP, Benet A, Fox CK, Gupta N, Lawton M. Indirect and direct revascularization of ACTA2 cerebral arteriopathy: feasibility of the superficial temporal artery to anterior cerebral artery bypass with posterior auricular artery interposition graft: case report. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 May 13; 1-5. PMID: 27176728.
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    29. Zygourakis CC, Yoon S, Valencia V, Boscardin C, Moriates C, Gonzales R, Lawton M. Operating room waste: disposable supply utilization in neurosurgical procedures. J Neurosurg. 2016 May 6; 1-6. PMID: 27153160.
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    30. Neidert MC, Lawton M, Mader M, Seifert B, Valavanis A, Regli L, Bozinov O, Burkhardt JK, et al. The AVICH-score: A novel grading system to predict clinical outcome in arteriovenous malformations related intracerebral hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2016 May 2. PMID: 27150647.
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    31. Lawton M. Response to Journal Club: Validation of the Supplemented Spetzler-Martin Grading System for Brain Arteriovenous Malformations in a Multicenter Cohort of 1009 Surgical Patients. Neurosurgery. 2016 May; 78(5):758-9. PMID: 27082968.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Pekmezci M, Nelson J, Su H, Hess C, Lawton M, Sonmez M, Young WL, Kim H, Tihan T. Morphometric characterization of brain arteriovenous malformations for clinical and radiological studies to identify silent intralesional microhemorrhages. Clin Neuropathol. 2016 May-Jun; 35(3):114-21. PMID: 27049066.
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    33. Zygourakis CC, Winkler E, Pitts L, Hannegan L, Franc B, Lawton M. Clinical utility and cost analysis of routine postoperative head CT in elective aneurysm clippings. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr 29; 1-6. PMID: 27128595.
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    34. Benet A, Tabani H, Griswold D, Zhang X, Kola O, Meybodi AT, Lawton M. Three-Dimensional Imaging in Neurosurgical Research and Education. World Neurosurg. 2016 Jul; 91:317-25. PMID: 27102636.
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    35. Bekelis K, Gottlieb D, Su Y, Labropoulos N, Bovis G, Lawton M, MacKenzie TA. Medicare expenditures for elderly patients undergoing surgical clipping or endovascular intervention for unruptured cerebral aneurysms. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Mar 24. PMID: 27013232.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Walcott BP, Reinshagen C, Stapleton CJ, Choudhri O, Rayz V, Saloner D, Lawton M. Predictive modeling and in vivo assessment of cerebral blood flow in the management of complex cerebral aneurysms. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2016 Jun; 36(6):998-1003. PMID: 27009946.
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    37. Zhu C, Haraldsson H, Tian B, Meisel K, Ko N, Lawton M, Grinstead J, Ahn S, Laub G, Hess C, Saloner D. High resolution imaging of the intracranial vessel wall at 3 and 7 T using 3D fast spin echo MRI. MAGMA. 2016 Jun; 29(3):559-70. PMID: 26946509.
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    38. Su YS, Ali R, Feroze AH, Li G, Lawton M, Choudhri O. Endovascular therapies for malignant gliomas: Challenges and the future. J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Apr; 26:26-32. PMID: 26857294.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Sanmillan JL, Lawton M, Rincon-Torroella J, El-Sayed IH, Zhang X, Meybodi AT, Gabarros A, Benet A. Assessment of the Endoscopic Endonasal Transclival Approach for Surgical Clipping of Anterior Pontine Anterior-Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2016 May; 89:368-75. PMID: 26852706.
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    40. Weinsheimer S, Bendjilali N, Nelson J, Guo DE, Zaroff JG, Sidney S, McCulloch CE, Al-Shahi Salman R, Berg JN, Koeleman BP, Simon M, Bostroem A, Fontanella M, Sturiale CL, Pola R, Puca A, Lawton M, Young WL, Pawlikowska L, Klijn CJ, Kim H. Genome-wide association study of sporadic brain arteriovenous malformations. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2016 Jan 27. PMID: 26818729.
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    41. Tayebi Meybodi A, Lawton M, Feng X, Benet A. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery reimplantation: buffer lengths, perforator anatomy, and technical limitations. J Neurosurg. 2016 Jan 22; 1-6. PMID: 26799299.
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    42. Choudhri O, Lawton M. Microsurgical resection of ambient cistern arteriovenous malformation. Neurosurg Focus. 2016 Jan; 40 Video Suppl 1:1. PMID: 26722691.
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    43. Michalak SM, Rolston JD, Lawton M. Prospective, multidisciplinary recording of perioperative errors in cerebrovascular surgery: is error in the eye of the beholder? J Neurosurg. 2016 Jun; 124(6):1794-804. PMID: 26636377.
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    44. Abla AA, McDougall CM, Breshears JD, Lawton M. Intracranial-to-intracranial bypass for posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms: options, technical challenges, and results in 35 patients. J Neurosurg. 2016 May; 124(5):1275-86. PMID: 26566199.
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    45. Lawton M, Abla AA. In Reply: Silent Arteriovenous Malformation Hemorrhage and the Recognition of "Unruptured" Arteriovenous Malformation Patients Who Benefit From Surgical Intervention. Neurosurgery. 2015 Nov; 77(5):E843-4. PMID: 26200773.
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    46. Benet A, Plata-Bello J, Abla AA, Acevedo-Bolton G, Saloner D, Lawton M. Implantation of 3D-Printed Patient-Specific Aneurysm Models into Cadaveric Specimens: A New Training Paradigm to Allow for Improvements in Cerebrovascular Surgery and Research. Biomed Res Int. 2015; 2015:939387. PMID: 26539542; PMCID: PMC4619899.
    47. Teo M, St George J, Lawton M. Time for BARBADOS after ARUBA trial. Br J Neurosurg. 2015 Oct; 29(5):635-6. PMID: 26449792.
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    48. Choudhri O, Ivan ME, Lawton M. Transvenous Approach to Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations: Challenging the Axioms of Arteriovenous Malformation Therapy? Neurosurgery. 2015 Oct; 77(4):644-51; discussion 652. PMID: 26120797.
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    49. Nielsen CM, Huang L, Murphy PA, Lawton M, Wang RA. Mouse Models of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformation. Stroke. 2016 Jan; 47(1):293-300. PMID: 26351360.
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    50. Benet A, Hervey-Jumper SL, Sánchez JJ, Lawton M, Berger MS. Surgical assessment of the insula. Part 1: surgical anatomy and morphometric analysis of the transsylvian and transcortical approaches to the insula. J Neurosurg. 2016 Feb; 124(2):469-81. PMID: 26339854.
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    51. Etminan N, Brown RD, Beseoglu K, Juvela S, Raymond J, Morita A, Torner JC, Derdeyn CP, Raabe A, Mocco J, Korja M, Abdulazim A, Amin-Hanjani S, Al-Shahi Salman R, Barrow DL, Bederson J, Bonafe A, Dumont AS, Fiorella DJ, Gruber A, Hankey GJ, Hasan DM, Hoh BL, Jabbour P, Kasuya H, Kelly ME, Kirkpatrick PJ, Knuckey N, Koivisto T, Krings T, Lawton M, Marotta TR, Mayer SA, Mee E, Pereira VM, Molyneux A, Morgan MK, Mori K, Murayama Y, Nagahiro S, Nakayama N, Niemelä M, Ogilvy CS, Pierot L, Rabinstein AA, Roos YB, Rinne J, Rosenwasser RH, Ronkainen A, Schaller K, Seifert V, Solomon RA, Spears J, Steiger HJ, Vergouwen MD, Wanke I, Wermer MJ, Wong GK, Wong JH, Zipfel GJ, Connolly ES, Steinmetz H, Lanzino G, Pasqualin A, Rüfenacht D, Vajkoczy P, McDougall C, Hänggi D, LeRoux P, Rinkel GJ, Macdonald RL. The unruptured intracranial aneurysm treatment score: a multidisciplinary consensus. Neurology. 2015 Sep 8; 85(10):881-9. PMID: 26276380; PMCID: PMC4560059.
    52. Owen CM, Montemurro N, Lawton M. Microsurgical Management of Residual and Recurrent Aneurysms After Coiling and Clipping: An Experience With 97 Patients. Neurosurgery. 2015 Aug; 62 Suppl 1:92-102. PMID: 26181926.
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    53. Han SJ, Rutledge WC, Englot DJ, Winkler EA, Browne JL, Pflugrath L, Cronsier D, Abla AA, Kliot M, Lawton M. The Presto 1000: A novel automated transcranial Doppler ultrasound system. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Nov; 22(11):1771-5. PMID: 26238693.
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    54. Hetts SW, Tsai T, Cooke DL, Amans MR, Settecase F, Moftakhar P, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Halbach VV. Progressive versus Nonprogressive Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: Characteristics and Outcomes. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 Oct; 36(10):1912-9. PMID: 26206813.
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    55. Seymour ZA, Sneed PK, Gupta N, Lawton M, Molinaro AM, Young W, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, McDermott MW. Volume-staged radiosurgery for large arteriovenous malformations: an evolving paradigm. J Neurosurg. 2016 Jan; 124(1):163-74. PMID: 26140495.
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    56. Davies JM, Lawton M. "Picket Fence" clipping technique for large and complex aneurysms. Neurosurg Focus. 2015 Jul; 39 Video Suppl 1:V17. PMID: 26132615.
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    57. Miousse IR, Currie R, Datta K, Ellinger-Ziegelbauer H, French JE, Harrill AH, Koturbash I, Lawton M, Mann D, Meehan RR, Moggs JG, O'Lone R, Rasoulpour RJ, Pera RA, Thompson K. Importance of investigating epigenetic alterations for industry and regulators: An appraisal of current efforts by the Health and Environmental Sciences Institute. Toxicology. 2015 Sep 1; 335:11-9. PMID: 26134581.
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    58. Montemurro N, Benet A, Lawton M. Julius Caesar's Epilepsy: Was It Caused by A Brain Arteriovenous Malformation? World Neurosurg. 2015 Dec; 84(6):1985-7. PMID: 26118720.
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    59. Shen F, Mao L, Zhu W, Lawton M, Pechan P, Colosi P, Wu Z, Scaria A, Su H. Inhibition of pathological brain angiogenesis through systemic delivery of AAV vector expressing soluble FLT1. Gene Ther. 2015 Nov; 22(11):893-900. PMID: 26090874; PMCID: PMC4636448 [Available on 05/01/16].
    60. Abla AA, Lawton M. Predictors of Complications with Unruptured Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm Clipping in a Surgically Treated Series of 416 Patients: A Clip First Approach Is Still Best. World Neurosurg. 2015 Oct; 84(4):884-5. PMID: 26092531.
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    61. Benet A, Rincon-Torroella J, Lawton M. Microsurgical clipping of a superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm: part 1: intradural anterior clinoidectomy: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery. 2015 Jun; 11 Suppl 2:358; discussion 358. PMID: 25730118.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Benet A, Rincon-Torroella J, Lawton M. Microsurgical clipping of a superior hypophyseal artery aneurysm: part 2: distal dural ring dissection and clipping: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery. 2015 Jun; 11 Suppl 2:359; discussion 359. PMID: 25650740.
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    63. Lawton M, Rutledge WC, Kim H, Stapf C, Whitehead KJ, Li DY, Krings T, terBrugge K, Kondziolka D, Morgan MK, Moon K, Spetzler RF. Brain arteriovenous malformations. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2015; 1:15008. PMID: 27188382.
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    64. Conger A, Kulwin C, Lawton M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Diagnosis and evaluation of intracranial arteriovenous malformations. Surg Neurol Int. 2015; 6:76. PMID: 25984390; PMCID: PMC4429335.
    65. Abla AA, Nelson J, Kim H, Hess CP, Tihan T, Lawton M. Silent arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage and the recognition of "unruptured" arteriovenous malformation patients who benefit from surgical intervention. Neurosurgery. 2015 May; 76(5):592-600; discussion 600. PMID: 25714514; PMCID: PMC4425306 [Available on 05/01/16].
    66. Shimada K, Furukawa H, Wada K, Korai M, Wei Y, Tada Y, Kuwabara A, Shikata F, Kitazato KT, Nagahiro S, Lawton M, Hashimoto T. Protective Role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-? in the Development of Intracranial Aneurysm Rupture. Stroke. 2015 Jun; 46(6):1664-72. PMID: 25931465; PMCID: PMC4447500 [Available on 06/01/16].
    67. Choquet H, Pawlikowska L, Lawton M, Kim H. Genetics of cerebral cavernous malformations: current status and future prospects. J Neurosurg Sci. 2015 Sep; 59(3):211-20. PMID: 25900426; PMCID: PMC4461471 [Available on 09/01/16].
    68. Davies JM, Kim H, Lawton M. Surgical treatment of cerebral cavernous malformations. J Neurosurg Sci. 2015 Sep; 59(3):255-70. PMID: 25881653.
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    69. Abla AA, Lawton M. Variability in Endovascular Treatment of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia and Vasospasm in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2015 Sep; 84(3):625-6. PMID: 25882794.
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    70. Kim H, Nelson J, Krings T, terBrugge KG, McCulloch CE, Lawton M, Young WL, Faughnan ME. Hemorrhage rates from brain arteriovenous malformation in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Stroke. 2015 May; 46(5):1362-4. PMID: 25858236; PMCID: PMC4415515 [Available on 05/01/16].
    71. Pawlikowska L, Nelson J, Guo DE, McCulloch CE, Lawton M, Young WL, Kim H, Faughnan ME. The ACVRL1 c.314-35A>G polymorphism is associated with organ vascular malformations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia patients with ENG mutations, but not in patients with ACVRL1 mutations. Am J Med Genet A. 2015 Jun; 167(6):1262-7. PMID: 25847705; PMCID: PMC4449292 [Available on 06/01/16].
    72. Palace J, Duddy M, Bregenzer T, Lawton M, Zhu F, Boggild M, Piske B, Robertson NP, Oger J, Tremlett H, Tilling K, Ben-Shlomo Y, Dobson C. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interferon beta and glatiramer acetate in the UK Multiple Sclerosis Risk Sharing Scheme at 6 years: a clinical cohort study with natural history comparator. Lancet Neurol. 2015 May; 14(5):497-505. PMID: 25841667.
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    73. Conger A, Kulwin C, Lawton M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Endovascular and microsurgical treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations: Current recommendations. Surg Neurol Int. 2015; 6:39. PMID: 25883831; PMCID: PMC4392538.
    74. Shimada K, Furukawa H, Wada K, Wei Y, Tada Y, Kuwabara A, Shikata F, Kanematsu Y, Lawton M, Kitazato KT, Nagahiro S, Hashimoto T. Angiotensin-(1-7) protects against the development of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in mice. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2015 Jul; 35(7):1163-8. PMID: 25757758; PMCID: PMC4640268 [Available on 07/01/16].
    75. Garcia RM, Ivan ME, Lawton M. Brainstem cavernous malformations: surgical results in 104 patients and a proposed grading system to predict neurological outcomes. Neurosurgery. 2015 Mar; 76(3):265-77; discussion 277-8. PMID: 25599205.
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    76. Pancucci G, Potts MB, Rodríguez-Hernández A, Andrade H, Guo L, Lawton M. Rescue Bypass for Revascularization After Ischemic Complications in the Treatment of Giant or Complex Intracranial Aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2015 Jun; 83(6):912-20. PMID: 25700972.
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    77. Potts MB, Lau D, Abla AA, Kim H, Young WL, Lawton M. Current surgical results with low-grade brain arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg. 2015 Apr; 122(4):912-20. PMID: 25658789; PMCID: PMC4422639 [Available on 04/01/16].
    78. Alexander MD, Cooke DL, Nelson J, Guo DE, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Lawton M, Kim H, Hetts SW. Association between Venous Angioarchitectural Features of Sporadic Brain Arteriovenous Malformations and Intracranial Hemorrhage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 May; 36(5):949-52. PMID: 25634722; PMCID: PMC4433780 [Available on 05/01/16].
    79. Yang ST, Rodriguez-Hernandez A, Walker EJ, Young WL, Su H, Lawton M. Adult mouse venous hypertension model: common carotid artery to external jugular vein anastomosis. J Vis Exp. 2015; (95):50472. PMID: 25650793; PMCID: PMC4354570.
    80. Han SJ, Englot DJ, Kim H, Lawton M. Brainstem arteriovenous malformations: anatomical subtypes, assessment of "occlusion in situ" technique, and microsurgical results. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jan; 122(1):107-17. PMID: 25343188.
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    81. Kim H, Abla AA, Nelson J, McCulloch CE, Bervini D, Morgan MK, Stapleton C, Walcott BP, Ogilvy CS, Spetzler RF, Lawton M. Validation of the supplemented Spetzler-Martin grading system for brain arteriovenous malformations in a multicenter cohort of 1009 surgical patients. Neurosurgery. 2015 Jan; 76(1):25-31; discussion 31-2; quiz 32-3. PMID: 25251197; PMCID: PMC4270816 [Available on 01/01/16].
    82. Lawton M, Baig F, Rolinski M, Ruffman C, Nithi K, May MT, Ben-Shlomo Y, Hu MT. Parkinson's Disease Subtypes in the Oxford Parkinson Disease Centre (OPDC) Discovery Cohort. J Parkinsons Dis. 2015; 5(2):269-79. PMID: 26405788; PMCID: PMC4923737.
    83. Davies JM, Ozpinar A, Lawton M. Volume-outcome relationships in neurosurgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2015 Apr; 26(2):207-18, viii. PMID: 25771276.
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    84. Lawton M. The role of AVM microsurgery in the aftermath of a randomized trial of unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 Apr; 36(4):617-9. PMID: 25477357.
      View in: PubMed
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    86. Tada Y, Makino H, Furukawa H, Shimada K, Wada K, Liang EI, Murakami S, Kudo M, Kung DK, Hasan DM, Kitazato KT, Nagahiro S, Lawton M, Hashimoto T. Roles of estrogen in the formation of intracranial aneurysms in ovariectomized female mice. Neurosurgery. 2014 Dec; 75(6):690-5; discussion 695. PMID: 25181430; PMCID: PMC4399640.
    87. Abla AA, Rutledge WC, Seymour ZA, Guo D, Kim H, Gupta N, Sneed PK, Barani IJ, Larson D, McDermott MW, Lawton M. A treatment paradigm for high-grade brain arteriovenous malformations: volume-staged radiosurgical downgrading followed by microsurgical resection. J Neurosurg. 2015 Feb; 122(2):419-32. PMID: 25423274.
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    88. Desai SJ, Lawton M, McDermott MW, Horton JC. Vertical diplopia and ptosis from removal of the orbital roof in pterional craniotomy. Ophthalmology. 2015 Mar; 122(3):631-8. PMID: 25439610; PMCID: PMC4339521 [Available on 03/01/16].
    89. Wang L, Shi W, Su Z, Liu X, Su H, Liu J, Liu Z, Lawton M. Endovascular treatment of severe acute basilar artery occlusion. J Clin Neurosci. 2015 Jan; 22(1):195-8. PMID: 25443091; PMCID: PMC4657565.
    90. Rayz VL, Abla A, Boussel L, Leach JR, Acevedo-Bolton G, Saloner D, Lawton M. Computational modeling of flow-altering surgeries in basilar aneurysms. Ann Biomed Eng. 2015 May; 43(5):1210-22. PMID: 25348846; PMCID: PMC4412751 [Available on 05/01/16].
    91. Abla AA, Ivan ME, Lawton M. Subtemporal-medial transpetrous (Kawase) approach for anterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm clipping: operative 3-dimensional video. Neurosurgery. 2014 Sep; 10 Suppl 3:488; discussion 488-9. PMID: 24871145.
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    92. Abla AA, Benet A, Lawton M. The far lateral transpontomedullary sulcus approach to pontine cavernous malformations: technical report and surgical results. Neurosurgery. 2014 Sep; 10 Suppl 3:472-80. PMID: 24762704.
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    93. Abla AA, Nelson J, Rutledge WC, Young WL, Kim H, Lawton M. The natural history of AVM hemorrhage in the posterior fossa: comparison of hematoma volumes and neurological outcomes in patients with ruptured infra- and supratentorial AVMs. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep; 37(3):E6. PMID: 25175444; PMCID: PMC4425310.
    94. Rutledge WC, Abla AA, Nelson J, Halbach VV, Kim H, Lawton M. Treatment and outcomes of ARUBA-eligible patients with unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations at a single institution. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep; 37(3):E8. PMID: 25175446; PMCID: PMC4420142.
    95. Torné R, Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Intraoperative arteriovenous malformation rupture: causes, management techniques, outcomes, and the effect of neurosurgeon experience. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep; 37(3):E12. PMID: 25175431.
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    96. Russin JJ, Spetzler RF, Giannotta S, Meyer FB, Lawton M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Introduction: Strategies for management and outcomes of arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep; 37(3):Introduction. PMID: 25175448.
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    97. Abla AA, Lawton M. Editorial: Prenidal aneurysm rupture with posterior fossa AVMs. Neurosurg Focus. 2014 Sep; 37(3):E5. PMID: 25175443.
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    98. Abla AA, Lawton M. Revascularization for unclippable posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms: extracranial-intracranial or intracranial-intracranial bypass? World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov; 82(5):586-8. PMID: 25150208.
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    99. Abla AA, Lawton M. The superficial temporal artery trunk-to-M2 middle cerebral artery bypass with short radial artery interposition graft: the forgotten bypass. World Neurosurg. 2015 Feb; 83(2):145-6. PMID: 25153288.
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    100. Abla AA, Lawton M. Indocyanine green angiography for cerebral aneurysm surgery: advantages, limitations, and neurosurgeon intuition. World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov; 82(5):e585-6. PMID: 25153292.
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    101. Amin-Hanjani S, Albuquerque FC, Britz G, Connolly ES, Gunel M, Lavine SD, Lawton M, MacDonald J, Ogilvy CS, Prestigiacomo CJ. Commentary: unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations: what a tangled web they weave. Neurosurgery. 2014 Aug; 75(2):195-6. PMID: 24867203.
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    102. Korja M, Hernesniemi J, Lawton M, Spetzler RF, Morgan MK. Is cerebrovascular neurosurgery sacrificed on the altar of RCTs? Lancet. 2014 Jul 5; 384(9937):27-8. PMID: 24998812.
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    103. Abla AA, Lawton M. Current treatment strategies for cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6):994-5. PMID: 24954253.
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    104. Rutledge WC, Ko NU, Lawton M, Kim H. Hemorrhage rates and risk factors in the natural history course of brain arteriovenous malformations. Transl Stroke Res. 2014 Oct; 5(5):538-42. PMID: 24930128; PMCID: PMC4139097.
    105. Abla AA, Lawton M. Cerebellomedullary fissure dissection and tonsillar mobilization: a gateway to lesions around the medulla. World Neurosurg. 2014 Nov; 82(5):e591-2. PMID: 24937601.
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    106. Shen F, Degos V, Chu PL, Han Z, Westbroek EM, Choi EJ, Marchuk D, Kim H, Lawton M, Maze M, Young WL, Su H. Endoglin deficiency impairs stroke recovery. Stroke. 2014 Jul; 45(7):2101-6. PMID: 24876084; PMCID: PMC4118747.
    107. Lawton M, Abla AA. Management of brain arteriovenous malformations. Lancet. 2014 May 10; 383(9929):1634-5. PMID: 24814452.
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    108. Potts MB, Sheth SA, Louie J, Smyth MD, Sneed PK, McDermott MW, Lawton M, Young WL, Hetts SW, Fullerton HJ, Gupta N. Stereotactic radiosurgery at a low marginal dose for the treatment of pediatric arteriovenous malformations: obliteration, complications, and functional outcomes. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Jul; 14(1):1-11. PMID: 24766309.
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    109. Abla AA, Lawton M. Anterior cerebral artery bypass for complex aneurysms: an experience with intracranial-intracranial reconstruction and review of bypass options. J Neurosurg. 2014 Jun; 120(6):1364-77. PMID: 24745711.
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    110. Etminan N, Beseoglu K, Barrow DL, Bederson J, Brown RD, Connolly ES, Derdeyn CP, Hänggi D, Hasan D, Juvela S, Kasuya H, Kirkpatrick PJ, Knuckey N, Koivisto T, Lanzino G, Lawton M, LeRoux P, McDougall CG, Mee E, Mocco J, Molyneux A, Morgan MK, Mori K, Morita A, Murayama Y, Nagahiro S, Pasqualin A, Raabe A, Raymond J, Rinkel GJ, Rüfenacht D, Seifert V, Spears J, Steiger HJ, Steinmetz H, Torner JC, Vajkoczy P, Wanke I, Wong GK, Wong JH, Macdonald RL. Multidisciplinary consensus on assessment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms: proposal of an international research group. Stroke. 2014 May; 45(5):1523-30. PMID: 24668202.
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    111. Potts MB, Jahangiri A, Jen M, Sneed PK, McDermott MW, Gupta N, Hetts SW, Young WL, Lawton M. Deep arteriovenous malformations in the basal ganglia, thalamus, and insula: multimodality management, patient selection, and results. World Neurosurg. 2014 Sep-Oct; 82(3-4):386-94. PMID: 24657255; PMCID: PMC4169357.
    112. Hetts SW, Cooke DL, Nelson J, Gupta N, Fullerton H, Amans MR, Narvid JA, Moftakhar P, McSwain H, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Lawton M, Kim H. Influence of patient age on angioarchitecture of brain arteriovenous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Jul; 35(7):1376-80. PMID: 24627452; PMCID: PMC4102659.
    113. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. End-to-end reanastomosis technique for fusiform aneurysms: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery. 2014 Mar; 10 Suppl 1:157; discussion 157-8. PMID: 23921709.
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    114. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Microsurgical technique for posterior inferior cerebellar artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery in situ bypass: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery. 2014 Mar; 10 Suppl 1:156. PMID: 23842549.
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    115. Benet A, Rincon-Torroella J, Lawton M, González Sánchez JJ. Novel embalming solution for neurosurgical simulation in cadavers. J Neurosurg. 2014 May; 120(5):1229-37. PMID: 24527814.
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    116. Brott DA, Katein A, Thomas H, Lawton M, Montgomery RR, Richardson RJ, Louden CS. Evaluation of von Willebrand factor and von Willebrand factor propeptide in models of vascular endothelial cell activation, perturbation, and/or injury. Toxicol Pathol. 2014 Jun; 42(4):672-83. PMID: 24499802; PMCID: PMC4222990.
    117. Davies JM, Lawton M. Advances in open microsurgery for cerebral aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2014 Feb; 74 Suppl 1:S7-16. PMID: 24402495.
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    118. Abla AA, Lawton M. Three-dimensional hollow intracranial aneurysm models and their potential role for teaching, simulation, and training. World Neurosurg. 2015 Jan; 83(1):35-6. PMID: 24486860.
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    119. Abla AA, Lawton M, McDermott MW. Intracranial aneurysm formation following radiation. World Neurosurg. 2014 Mar-Apr; 81(3-4):492-3. PMID: 24444793.
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    120. Nacar OA, Rodriguez-Hernandez A, Ulu MO, Rodriguez-Mena R, Lawton M. Bilateral ophthalmic segment aneurysm clipping with one craniotomy: operative technique and results. Turk Neurosurg. 2014; 24(6):937-45. PMID: 25448212.
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    121. Guo Y, Tihan T, Kim H, Hess C, Lawton M, Young WL, Zhao Y, Su H. Distinctive distribution of lymphocytes in unruptured and previously untreated brain arteriovenous malformation. Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2014; 1(3):147-152. PMID: 25568888.
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    122. Zador Z, Coope DJ, Gnanalingham K, Lawton M. Quantifying surgical access in eyebrow craniotomy with and without orbital bar removal: cadaver and surgical phantom studies. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2014 Apr; 156(4):697-702; discussion 702. PMID: 24327059.
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    123. Sheth SA, Hausrath D, Numis AL, Lawton M, Josephson SA. Intraoperative rerupture during surgical treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is not associated with an increased risk of vasospasm. J Neurosurg. 2014 Feb; 120(2):409-14. PMID: 24313615.
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    124. Liu J, Wang Y, Akamatsu Y, Lee CC, Stetler RA, Lawton M, Yang GY. Vascular remodeling after ischemic stroke: mechanisms and therapeutic potentials. Prog Neurobiol. 2014 Apr; 115:138-56. PMID: 24291532; PMCID: PMC4295834.
    125. Laifenfeld D, Qiu L, Swiss R, Park J, Macoritto M, Will Y, Younis HS, Lawton M. Utilization of causal reasoning of hepatic gene expression in rats to identify molecular pathways of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury. Toxicol Sci. 2014 Jan; 137(1):234-48. PMID: 24136188.
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    126. Bendjilali N, Kim H, Weinsheimer S, Guo DE, Kwok PY, Zaroff JG, Sidney S, Lawton M, McCulloch CE, Koeleman BP, Klijn CJ, Young WL, Pawlikowska L. A genome-wide investigation of copy number variation in patients with sporadic brain arteriovenous malformation. PLoS One. 2013; 8(10):e71434. PMID: 24098321; PMCID: PMC3789669.
    127. Abla AA, Lawton M. Awake motor examination during intracranial aneurysm surgery. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6):e683-4. PMID: 24056217.
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    128. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Awad AJ, Lawton M. Posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 2013 Dec; 119(6):1653-4. PMID: 24032697.
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    129. Abla AA, Lawton M, Spetzler RF. The art of basilar apex aneurysm surgery: is it sustainable in the future? World Neurosurg. 2014 Jul-Aug; 82(1-2):e51-3. PMID: 24012471.
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    130. Lawton M. Temporal lobe arteriovenous malformations. Response. J Neurosurg. 2013 Sep; 119(3):615. PMID: 24137777.
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    131. Potts MB, Young WL, Lawton M. Deep arteriovenous malformations in the Basal Ganglia, thalamus, and insula: microsurgical management, techniques, and results. Neurosurgery. 2013 Sep; 73(3):417-29. PMID: 23728451; PMCID: PMC4123817.
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    133. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Contralateral transcallosal approach to basal ganglia cavernous malformation: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery. 2013 Jun; 72(2 Suppl Operative):ons182. PMID: 23190631.
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    134. Rowland NC, Huang MC, Lawton M, Carter J, Maa J, McDermott MW. Treatment of recurrent, multiloculated, obstructive hydrocephalus with suprahepatic peritoneal catheter placement. J Clin Neurosci. 2013 Jul; 20(7):1038-9. PMID: 23618678.
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    135. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Huang C, Lawton M. Superior cerebellar artery-posterior cerebral artery bypass: in situ bypass for posterior cerebral artery revascularization. J Neurosurg. 2013 May; 118(5):1053-7. PMID: 23521548.
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    136. Ivan ME, Lawton M. Mini supraorbital approach to inferior frontal lobe cavernous malformations: case series. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2013 May; 74(3):187-91. PMID: 23512585.
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    137. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Sughrue ME, Akhavan S, Habdank-Kolaczkowski J, Lawton M. Current management of middle cerebral artery aneurysms: surgical results with a "clip first" policy. Neurosurgery. 2013 Mar; 72(3):415-27. PMID: 23208060.
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    138. Lawton M. Editorial: middle cerebral artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 2013 May; 118(5):947-8; discussion 948-9. PMID: 23394333.
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    139. Chen W, Guo Y, Walker EJ, Shen F, Jun K, Oh SP, Degos V, Lawton M, Tihan T, Davalos D, Akassoglou K, Nelson J, Pile-Spellman J, Su H, Young WL. Reduced mural cell coverage and impaired vessel integrity after angiogenic stimulation in the Alk1-deficient brain. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Feb; 33(2):305-10. PMID: 23241407; PMCID: PMC3569037.
    140. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Management of a recurrent coiled giant posterior cerebral artery aneurysm with trapping and thrombectomy: 3-dimensional operative video. Neurosurgery. 2012 Dec; 71(2 Suppl Operative):ons191. PMID: 22986602.
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    141. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Kim H, Pourmohamad T, Young WL, Lawton M. Cerebellar arteriovenous malformations: anatomic subtypes, surgical results, and increased predictive accuracy of the supplementary grading system. Neurosurgery. 2012 Dec; 71(6):1111-24. PMID: 22986595; PMCID: PMC3923506.
    142. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Zador Z, Rodríguez-Mena R, Lawton M. Distal aneurysms of intracranial arteries: application of numerical nomenclature, predilection for cerebellar arteries, and results of surgical management. World Neurosurg. 2013 Jul-Aug; 80(1-2):103-12. PMID: 23017587.
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    143. Davies J, Tawk RG, Lawton M. The contralateral transcingulate approach: operative technique and results with vascular lesions. Neurosurgery. 2012 Sep; 71(1 Suppl Operative):4-13; discussion 13-4. PMID: 22186844.
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    144. Englot DJ, Young WL, Han SJ, McCulloch CE, Chang EF, Lawton M. Seizure predictors and control after microsurgical resection of supratentorial arteriovenous malformations in 440 patients. Neurosurgery. 2012 Sep; 71(3):572-80; discussion 580. PMID: 22592327.
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    145. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Gabarrós A, Lawton M. Contralateral clipping of middle cerebral artery aneurysms: rationale, indications, and surgical technique. Neurosurgery. 2012 Sep; 71(1 Suppl Operative):116-23; discussion 123-4. PMID: 22307073.
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    146. Weinsheimer S, Brettman AD, Pawlikowska L, Wu DC, Mancuso MR, Kuhnert F, Lawton M, Sidney S, Zaroff JG, McCulloch CE, Young WL, Kuo C, Kim H. G Protein-Coupled Receptor 124 (GPR124) Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Brain Arteriovenous Malformation. Transl Stroke Res. 2012 Dec; 3(4):418-27. PMID: 23329986; PMCID: PMC3544200.
    147. Sanai N, Caldwell N, Englot DJ, Lawton M. Advanced technical skills are required for microsurgical clipping of posterior communicating artery aneurysms in the endovascular era. Neurosurgery. 2012 Aug; 71(2):285-94; discussion 294-5. PMID: 22472555.
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    148. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Miric S, Lawton M. Twiglike middle cerebral arteries. Neurosurgery. 2012 Aug; 71(2):E522; author reply E522-3. PMID: 22513842.
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    149. Kim H, Pourmohamad T, Westbroek EM, McCulloch CE, Lawton M, Young WL. Evaluating performance of the spetzler-martin supplemented model in selecting patients with brain arteriovenous malformation for surgery. Stroke. 2012 Sep; 43(9):2497-9. PMID: 22821608; PMCID: PMC3431204.
    150. Kahle MP, Lee B, Pourmohamad T, Cunningham A, Su H, Kim H, Chen Y, McCulloch CE, Barbaro NM, Lawton M, Young WL, Bix GJ. Perlecan domain V is upregulated in human brain arteriovenous malformation and could mediate the vascular endothelial growth factor effect in lesional tissue. Neuroreport. 2012 Jul 11; 23(10):627-30. PMID: 22643235; PMCID: PMC3535489.
    151. Hetts SW, Keenan K, Fullerton HJ, Young WL, English JD, Gupta N, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Halbach VV. Pediatric intracranial nongalenic pial arteriovenous fistulas: clinical features, angioarchitecture, and outcomes. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012 Oct; 33(9):1710-9. PMID: 22766672.
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    152. Westbroek EM, Pawlikowska L, Lawton M, McCulloch CE, Young WL, Kim H. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism predicts worse functional outcome after surgery in patients with unruptured brain arteriovenous malformation. Stroke. 2012 Aug; 43(8):2255-7. PMID: 22773554; PMCID: PMC3431194.
    153. Davies JM, Yanamadala V, Lawton M. Comparative effectiveness of treatments for cerebral arteriovenous malformations: trends in nationwide outcomes from 2000 to 2009. Neurosurg Focus. 2012 Jul; 33(1):E11. PMID: 22746228.
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    154. Hasan DM, Amans M, Tihan T, Hess C, Guo Y, Cha S, Su H, Martin AJ, Lawton M, Neuwelt EA, Saloner DA, Young WL. Ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI to Image Inflammation within Human Brain Arteriovenous Malformations: A Pilot Investigation. Transl Stroke Res. 2012 Jul; 3(Suppl 1):166-73. PMID: 23002401; PMCID: PMC3445332.
    155. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Flash fluorescence with indocyanine green videoangiography to identify the recipient artery for bypass with distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms: operative technique. Neurosurgery. 2012 Jun; 70(2 Suppl Operative):209-20. PMID: 21841520.
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    156. Wang DD, Englot DJ, Garcia PA, Lawton M, Young WL. Minocycline- and tetracycline-class antibiotics are protective against partial seizures in vivo. Epilepsy Behav. 2012 Jul; 24(3):314-8. PMID: 22579030; PMCID: PMC3761078.
    157. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Coment on the study "Abordaje contralateral en aneurismas de la arteria cerebral media con segmento M1 largo: a propósito de dos casos" de Arrese et al. Neurocirugia (Astur). 2012 May; 23(3):127. PMID: 22561233.
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    158. Potts MB, Chang EF, Young WL, Lawton M. Transsylvian-transinsular approaches to the insula and basal ganglia: operative techniques and results with vascular lesions. Neurosurgery. 2012 Apr; 70(4):824-34; discussion 834. PMID: 21937930; PMCID: PMC3303997.
    159. Martino J, De Witt Hamer PC, Berger MS, Lawton M, Arnold CM, de Lucas EM, Duffau H. Analysis of the subcomponents and cortical terminations of the perisylvian superior longitudinal fasciculus: a fiber dissection and DTI tractography study. Brain Struct Funct. 2013 Jan; 218(1):105-21. PMID: 22422148.
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    160. Hetts SW, Moftakhar P, English JD, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Douglas VC, Halbach VV. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas and intrathecal venous drainage: correlation between digital subtraction angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and clinical findings. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012 May; 16(5):433-40. PMID: 22324803.
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    161. Hasan DM, Mahaney KB, Magnotta VA, Kung DK, Lawton M, Hashimoto T, Winn HR, Saloner D, Martin A, Gahramanov S, Dósa E, Neuwelt E, Young WL. Macrophage imaging within human cerebral aneurysms wall using ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI: a pilot study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 Apr; 32(4):1032-8. PMID: 22328774; PMCID: PMC3557844.
    162. Guo Y, Saunders T, Su H, Kim H, Akkoc D, Saloner DA, Hetts SW, Hess C, Lawton M, Bollen AW, Pourmohamad T, McCulloch CE, Tihan T, Young WL. Silent intralesional microhemorrhage as a risk factor for brain arteriovenous malformation rupture. Stroke. 2012 May; 43(5):1240-6. PMID: 22308253; PMCID: PMC3335931.
    163. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Josephson SA, Lawton M. Bypass surgery for the prevention of ischemic stroke: current indications and techniques. Neurocirugia (Astur). 2012 Feb; 23(1):5-14. PMID: 22520098.
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    164. Davies JM, Kim H, Young WL, Lawton M. Classification schemes for arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2012 Jan; 23(1):43-53. PMID: 22107857.
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    165. Sughrue ME, Saloner D, Rayz VL, Lawton M. Giant intracranial aneurysms: evolution of management in a contemporary surgical series. Neurosurgery. 2011 Dec; 69(6):1261-70; discussion 1270-1. PMID: 21734614; PMCID: PMC3529163.
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    168. Bharatha A, Faughnan ME, Kim H, Pourmohamad T, Krings T, Bayrak-Toydemir P, Pawlikowska L, McCulloch CE, Lawton M, Dowd CF, Young WL, Terbrugge KG. Brain arteriovenous malformation multiplicity predicts the diagnosis of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: quantitative assessment. Stroke. 2012 Jan; 43(1):72-8. PMID: 22034007; PMCID: PMC3727386.
    169. Englot DJ, Han SJ, Lawton M, Chang EF. Predictors of seizure freedom in the surgical treatment of supratentorial cavernous malformations. J Neurosurg. 2011 Dec; 115(6):1169-74. PMID: 21819194.
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    170. Taub PR, Fields JD, Wu AH, Miss JC, Lawton M, Smith WS, Young WL, Zaroff JG, Ko NU. Elevated BNP is associated with vasospasm-independent cerebral infarction following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2011 Aug; 15(1):13-8. PMID: 21479679; PMCID: PMC3133817.
    171. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lu DC, Miric S, Lawton M. Aneurysms associated with non-moyamoya collateral arterial networks: report of three cases and review of literature. Neurosurg Rev. 2011 Oct; 34(4):517-22. PMID: 21789572.
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    172. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Rhoton AL, Lawton M. Segmental anatomy of cerebellar arteries: a proposed nomenclature. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg. 2011 Aug; 115(2):387-97. PMID: 21548748.
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    173. Walker EJ, Su H, Shen F, Choi EJ, Oh SP, Chen G, Lawton M, Kim H, Chen Y, Chen W, Young WL. Arteriovenous malformation in the adult mouse brain resembling the human disease. Ann Neurol. 2011 Jun; 69(6):954-62. PMID: 21437931; PMCID: PMC3117949.
    174. Boussel L, Rayz V, Martin A, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Temporal stability of dysmorphic fusiform aneurysms of the intracranial internal carotid artery. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Jul; 22(7):1007-11. PMID: 21419648; PMCID: PMC3125409.
    175. Lawton M. Selecting therapy for complex aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2011 Mar-Apr; 75(3-4):408. PMID: 21600474.
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    176. Gabarrós A, Young WL, McDermott MW, Lawton M. Language and motor mapping during resection of brain arteriovenous malformations: indications, feasibility, and utility. Neurosurgery. 2011 Mar; 68(3):744-52. PMID: 21311300.
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    178. Mikhak B, Weinsheimer S, Pawlikowska L, Poon A, Kwok PY, Lawton M, Chen Y, Zaroff JG, Sidney S, McCulloch CE, Young WL, Kim H. Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) gene polymorphisms and risk of brain arteriovenous malformations. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2011; 31(4):338-45. PMID: 21212665; PMCID: PMC3030504.
    179. Kanematsu Y, Kanematsu M, Kurihara C, Tada Y, Tsou TL, van Rooijen N, Lawton M, Young WL, Liang EI, Nuki Y, Hashimoto T. Critical roles of macrophages in the formation of intracranial aneurysm. Stroke. 2011 Jan; 42(1):173-8. PMID: 21106959; PMCID: PMC3021554.
    180. Martin AJ, Hetts SW, Dillon WP, Higashida RT, Halbach V, Dowd CF, Lawton M, Saloner D. MR imaging of partially thrombosed cerebral aneurysms: characteristics and evolution. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2011 Feb; 32(2):346-51. PMID: 21087941; PMCID: PMC3542832.
    181. Gao P, Chen Y, Lawton M, Barbaro NM, Yang GY, Su H, Ling F, Young WL. Evidence of endothelial progenitor cells in the human brain and spinal cord arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2010 Oct; 67(4):1029-35. PMID: 20881566; PMCID: PMC2949301.
    182. Lu DC, Zador Z, Mummaneni PV, Lawton M. Rotational vertebral artery occlusion-series of 9 cases. Neurosurgery. 2010 Oct; 67(4):1066-72; discussion 1072. PMID: 20881570.
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    183. Rodríguez-Hernández A, Lawton M. Anatomical triangles defining surgical routes to posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 2011 Apr; 114(4):1088-94. PMID: 20887088.
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    184. Huang AP, Arora S, Wintermark M, Ko N, Tu YK, Lawton M. Perfusion computed tomographic imaging and surgical selection with patients after poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 2010 Oct; 67(4):964-74; discussion 975. PMID: 20881562.
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    185. Mirzadeh Z, Sanai N, Lawton M. The azygos anterior cerebral artery bypass: double reimplantation technique for giant anterior communicating artery aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 2011 Apr; 114(4):1154-8. PMID: 20868213.
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    186. Antonietti L, Sheth SA, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Lawton M, English JD, Hetts SW. Long-term outcome in the repair of spinal cord perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Nov; 31(10):1824-30. PMID: 20813874.
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    187. Lu DC, Lawton M. Clinical presentation and surgical management of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Sep; 29(3):E12. PMID: 20809753.
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    188. Sanai N, Auguste KI, Lawton M. Microsurgical management of pediatric intracranial aneurysms. Childs Nerv Syst. 2010 Oct; 26(10):1319-27. PMID: 20625742.
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    189. Jun P, Ko NU, English JD, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Hetts SW. Endovascular treatment of medically refractory cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2010 Nov; 31(10):1911-6. PMID: 20616179; PMCID: PMC4067264.
    190. Chang EF, Gabriel RA, Potts MB, Berger MS, Lawton M. Supratentorial cavernous malformations in eloquent and deep locations: surgical approaches and outcomes. Clinical article. J Neurosurg. 2011 Mar; 114(3):814-27. PMID: 20597603.
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    191. Jian BJ, Hetts SW, Lawton M, Gupta N. Pediatric intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2010 Jul; 21(3):491-501. PMID: 20561498.
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    192. Clark AJ, Lu DC, Richardson RM, Tihan T, Parsa AT, Chou D, Barbaro NM, Kunwar S, Weinstein PR, Lawton M, Berger MS, McDermott MW. Surgical technique of temporary arterial occlusion in the operative management of spinal hemangioblastomas. World Neurosurg. 2010 Jul; 74(1):200-5. PMID: 21300014.
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    193. Czabanka M, Ali M, Schmiedek P, Vajkoczy P, Lawton M. Vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery bypass using a radial artery graft for hemorrhagic dissecting vertebral artery aneurysms: surgical technique and report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg. 2011 Apr; 114(4):1074-9. PMID: 20540594.
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    194. Sanai N, Mirzadeh Z, Lawton M. Supracerebellar-supratrochlear and infratentorial-infratrochlear approaches: gravity-dependent variations of the lateral approach over the cerebellum. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jun; 66(6 Suppl Operative):264-74; discussion 274. PMID: 20489515.
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    195. Rayz VL, Boussel L, Ge L, Leach JR, Martin AJ, Lawton M, McCulloch C, Saloner D. Flow residence time and regions of intraluminal thrombus deposition in intracranial aneurysms. Ann Biomed Eng. 2010 Oct; 38(10):3058-69. PMID: 20499185; PMCID: PMC2940011.
    196. Kim H, McCulloch CE, Johnston SC, Lawton M, Sidney S, Young WL. Comparison of 2 approaches for determining the natural history risk of brain arteriovenous malformation rupture. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jun 15; 171(12):1317-22. PMID: 20472570; PMCID: PMC2915493.
    197. Lawton M, Kim H, McCulloch CE, Mikhak B, Young WL. A supplementary grading scale for selecting patients with brain arteriovenous malformations for surgery. Neurosurgery. 2010 Apr; 66(4):702-13; discussion 713. PMID: 20190666; PMCID: PMC2847513.
    198. Josephson SA, Douglas VC, Lawton M, English JD, Smith WS, Ko NU. Improvement in intensive care unit outcomes in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage after initiation of neurointensivist co-management. J Neurosurg. 2010 Mar; 112(3):626-30. PMID: 19731990.
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    199. Zador Z, Lu DC, Arnold CM, Lawton M. Deep bypasses to the distal posterior circulation: anatomical and clinical comparison of pretemporal and subtemporal approaches. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jan; 66(1):92-100; discussion 100-1. PMID: 19935435.
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    200. Su H, Kim H, Pawlikowska L, Kitamura H, Shen F, Cambier S, Markovics J, Lawton M, Sidney S, Bollen AW, Kwok PY, Reichardt L, Young WL, Yang GY, Nishimura SL. Reduced expression of integrin alphavbeta8 is associated with brain arteriovenous malformation pathogenesis. Am J Pathol. 2010 Feb; 176(2):1018-27. PMID: 20019187; PMCID: PMC2808104.
    201. ZhuGe Q, Zhong M, Zheng W, Yang GY, Mao X, Xie L, Chen G, Chen Y, Lawton M, Young WL, Greenberg DA, Jin K. Notch-1 signalling is activated in brain arteriovenous malformations in humans. Brain. 2009 Dec; 132(Pt 12):3231-41. PMID: 19812212; PMCID: PMC2792368.
    202. Waldron JS, Hetts SW, Armstrong-Wells J, Dowd CF, Fullerton HJ, Gupta N, Lawton M. Multiple intracranial aneurysms and moyamoya disease associated with microcephalic osteodysplastic primordial dwarfism type II: surgical considerations. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2009 Nov; 4(5):439-44. PMID: 19877776.
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    203. Sanai N, Zador Z, Lawton M. Bypass surgery for complex brain aneurysms: an assessment of intracranial-intracranial bypass. Neurosurgery. 2009 Oct; 65(4):670-83; discussion 683. PMID: 19834371.
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    204. Weinsheimer S, Kim H, Pawlikowska L, Chen Y, Lawton M, Sidney S, Kwok PY, McCulloch CE, Young WL. EPHB4 gene polymorphisms and risk of intracranial hemorrhage in patients with brain arteriovenous malformations. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2009 Oct; 2(5):476-82. PMID: 20031623; PMCID: PMC2939745.
    205. Chang EF, Gabriel RA, Potts MB, Garcia PA, Barbaro NM, Lawton M. Seizure characteristics and control after microsurgical resection of supratentorial cerebral cavernous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2009 Jul; 65(1):31-7; discussion 37-8. PMID: 19574823.
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    206. Chen Y, Hao Q, Kim H, Su H, Letarte M, Karumanchi SA, Lawton M, Barbaro NM, Yang GY, Young WL. Soluble endoglin modulates aberrant cerebral vascular remodeling. Ann Neurol. 2009 Jul; 66(1):19-27. PMID: 19670444; PMCID: PMC2773229.
    207. Waldron JS, Halbach VV, Lawton M. Microsurgical management of incompletely coiled and recurrent aneurysms: trends, techniques, and observations on coil extrusion. Neurosurgery. 2009 May; 64(5 Suppl 2):301-15; discussion 315-7. PMID: 19404109.
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    208. Hetts SW, Narvid J, Sanai N, Lawton M, Gupta N, Fullerton HJ, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Intracranial aneurysms in childhood: 27-year single-institution experience. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2009 Aug; 30(7):1315-24. PMID: 19357386.
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    209. Waldron JS, Lawton M. The supracarotid-infrafrontal approach: surgical technique and clinical application to cavernous malformations in the anteroinferior Basal Ganglia. Neurosurgery. 2009 Mar; 64(3 Suppl):ons86-95; discussion ons95. PMID: 19240576.
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    210. Boussel L, Rayz V, Martin A, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging measurements in intracranial aneurysms in vivo of flow patterns, velocity fields, and wall shear stress: comparison with computational fluid dynamics. Magn Reson Med. 2009 Feb; 61(2):409-17. PMID: 19161132; PMCID: PMC3055272.
    211. Sanchez-Mejia RO, McDermott MW, Tan J, Kim H, Young WL, Lawton M. Radiosurgery facilitates resection of brain arteriovenous malformations and reduces surgical morbidity. Neurosurgery. 2009 Feb; 64(2):231-8; discussion 238-40. PMID: 19057424; PMCID: PMC2893586.
    212. Kim H, Hysi PG, Pawlikowska L, Poon A, Burchard EG, Zaroff JG, Sidney S, Ko NU, Achrol AS, Lawton M, McCulloch CE, Kwok PY, Young WL. Common variants in interleukin-1-Beta gene are associated with intracranial hemorrhage and susceptibility to brain arteriovenous malformation. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009; 27(2):176-82. PMID: 19092239; PMCID: PMC2649796.
    213. Rayz VL, Boussel L, Acevedo-Bolton G, Martin AJ, Young WL, Lawton M, Higashida R, Saloner D. Numerical simulations of flow in cerebral aneurysms: comparison of CFD results and in vivo MRI measurements. J Biomech Eng. 2008 Oct; 130(5):051011. PMID: 19045518.
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    214. Rayz VL, Boussel L, Lawton M, Acevedo-Bolton G, Ge L, Young WL, Higashida RT, Saloner D. Numerical modeling of the flow in intracranial aneurysms: prediction of regions prone to thrombus formation. Ann Biomed Eng. 2008 Nov; 36(11):1793-804. PMID: 18787954; PMCID: PMC2664710.
    215. Boussel L, Rayz V, McCulloch C, Martin A, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Aneurysm growth occurs at region of low wall shear stress: patient-specific correlation of hemodynamics and growth in a longitudinal study. Stroke. 2008 Nov; 39(11):2997-3002. PMID: 18688012; PMCID: PMC2661849.
    216. Racine CA, Lawton M, Hetts SW, Josephson SA. Neuropyschological profile of reversible cognitive impairment in a patient with a dural arteriovenous fistula. Neurocase. 2008; 14(3):231-8. PMID: 18609005.
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    217. Lawton M, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Sanai N, Malek JY, Dowd CF. Combined microsurgical and endovascular management of complex intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6 Suppl 3):1503-15. PMID: 18695569.
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    218. Sanai N, Tarapore P, Lee AC, Lawton M. The current role of microsurgery for posterior circulation aneurysms: a selective approach in the endovascular era. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6):1236-49; discussion 1249-53. PMID: 18824990.
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    219. Chen Y, Zhu W, Bollen AW, Lawton M, Barbaro NM, Dowd CF, Hashimoto T, Yang GY, Young WL. Evidence of inflammatory cell involvement in brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6):1340-9; discussion 1349-50. PMID: 18825001; PMCID: PMC2582017.
    220. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Lawton M. In situ bypass in the management of complex intracranial aneurysms: technique application in 13 patients. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6 Suppl 3):1442-9. PMID: 18695563.
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    221. Kamath A, Smith WS, Powers WJ, Cianfoni A, Chien JD, Videen T, Lawton M, Finley B, Dillon WP, Wintermark M. Perfusion CT compared to H(2) (15)O/O (15)O PET in patients with chronic cervical carotid artery occlusion. Neuroradiology. 2008 Sep; 50(9):745-51. PMID: 18509627; PMCID: PMC2586154.
    222. Lawton M, Arnold CM, Kim YJ, Bogarin EA, Stewart CL, Wulfstat AA, Derugin N, Deen D, Young WL. Radiation arteriopathy in the transgenic arteriovenous fistula model. Neurosurgery. 2008 May; 62(5):1129-38; discussion 138-9. PMID: 18580811.
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    223. Yang I, Lawton M. Clipping of complex aneurysms with fenestration tubes: application and assessment of three types of clip techniques. Neurosurgery. 2008 May; 62(5 Suppl 2):ONS371-8; discussion 378-9. PMID: 18596517.
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    224. Rayz VL, Lawton M, Martin AJ, Young WL, Saloner D. Numerical simulation of pre- and postsurgical flow in a giant basilar aneurysm. J Biomech Eng. 2008 Apr; 130(2):021004. PMID: 18412491.
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    225. Sanai N, Fullerton H, Karl TR, Lawton M. Aortocarotid bypass for hemispheric hypoperfusion in a child. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2008 Apr; 1(4):343-7. PMID: 18377314.
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    226. Elijovich L, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Duckwiler G, Giannotta S, Johnston SC. Predictors and outcomes of intraprocedural rupture in patients treated for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the CARAT study. Stroke. 2008 May; 39(5):1501-6. PMID: 18323484.
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    227. Singh V, Smith WS, Lawton M, Halbach VV, Young WL. Risk factors for hemorrhagic presentation in patients with dural arteriovenous fistulae. Neurosurgery. 2008 Mar; 62(3):628-35; discussion 628-35. PMID: 18425010.
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    228. Lawton M, Sanchez-Mejia RO, Pham D, Tan J, Halbach VV. Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae: operative strategies and microsurgical results for six types. Neurosurgery. 2008 Mar; 62(3 Suppl 1):110-24; discussion 124-5. PMID: 18424975.
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    229. Ko NU, Rajendran P, Kim H, Rutkowski M, Pawlikowska L, Kwok PY, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Smith WS, Zaroff JG, Young WL. Endothelial nitric oxide synthase polymorphism (-786T->C) and increased risk of angiographic vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2008 Apr; 39(4):1103-8. PMID: 18309169; PMCID: PMC2650384.
    230. Frenzel T, Lee CZ, Kim H, Quinnine NJ, Hashimoto T, Lawton M, Guglielmo BJ, McCulloch CE, Young WL. Feasibility of minocycline and doxycycline use as potential vasculostatic therapy for brain vascular malformations: pilot study of adverse events and tolerance. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2008; 25(1-2):157-63. PMID: 18212521; PMCID: PMC2605012.
    231. Narvid J, Hetts SW, Larsen D, Neuhaus J, Singh TP, McSwain H, Lawton M, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae: clinical features and long-term results. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jan; 62(1):159-66; discussion 166-7. PMID: 18300903.
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    232. Pruett S, Lapointe JM, Reagan W, Lawton M, Kawabata TT. Urinary corticosterone as an indicator of stress-mediated immunological changes in rats. J Immunotoxicol. 2008 Jan; 5(1):17-22. PMID: 18382854.
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    233. Johnston SC, Dowd CF, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Duckwiler GR, Gress DR. Predictors of rehemorrhage after treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the Cerebral Aneurysm Rerupture After Treatment (CARAT) study. Stroke. 2008 Jan; 39(1):120-5. PMID: 18048860.
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    234. Boussel L, Wintermark M, Martin A, Dispensa B, VanTijen R, Leach J, Rayz V, Acevedo-Bolton G, Lawton M, Higashida R, Smith WS, Young WL, Saloner D. Monitoring serial change in the lumen and outer wall of vertebrobasilar aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008 Feb; 29(2):259-64. PMID: 17974611.
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    235. Achrol AS, Kim H, Pawlikowska L, Trudy Poon KY, McCulloch CE, Ko NU, Johnston SC, McDermott MW, Zaroff JG, Lawton M, Kwok PY, Young WL. Association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-238G>A and apolipoprotein E2 polymorphisms with intracranial hemorrhage after brain arteriovenous malformation treatment. Neurosurgery. 2007 Oct; 61(4):731-9; discussion 740. PMID: 17986934.
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    236. Sanchez-Mejia RO, Lawton M. Distal aneurysms of basilar perforating and circumferential arteries. Report of three cases. J Neurosurg. 2007 Sep; 107(3):654-9. PMID: 17886568.
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    237. Kim H, Sidney S, McCulloch CE, Poon KY, Singh V, Johnston SC, Ko NU, Achrol AS, Lawton M, Higashida RT, Young WL. Racial/Ethnic differences in longitudinal risk of intracranial hemorrhage in brain arteriovenous malformation patients. Stroke. 2007 Sep; 38(9):2430-7. PMID: 17673729.
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    238. Lawton M, Lu DC, Young WL. Sylvian fissure arteriovenous malformations: an application of the Sugita classification to 28 surgical patients. Neurosurgery. 2007 Jul; 61(1):29-36; discussion 36-8. PMID: 17621016.
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    239. Dispensa BP, Saloner DA, Acevedo-Bolton G, Achrol AS, Jou LD, McCulloch CE, Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Ko NU, Lawton M, Martin AJ, Quinnine N, Young WL. Estimation of fusiform intracranial aneurysm growth by serial magnetic resonance imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2007 Jul; 26(1):177-83. PMID: 17659544.
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    240. Wang VY, Barbaro NM, Lawton M, Pitts L, Kunwar S, Parsa AT, Gupta N, McDermott MW. Complications of lumboperitoneal shunts. Neurosurgery. 2007 Jun; 60(6):1045-8; discussion 1049. PMID: 17538378.
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    241. Fan Y, Ye J, Shen F, Zhu Y, Yeghiazarians Y, Zhu W, Chen Y, Lawton M, Young WL, Yang GY. Interleukin-6 stimulates circulating blood-derived endothelial progenitor cell angiogenesis in vitro. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008 Jan; 28(1):90-8. PMID: 17519976; PMCID: PMC2581498.
    242. Lawton M, Narvid J, Quiñones-Hinojosa A. Predictors of neurosurgical career choice among residents and residency applicants. Neurosurgery. 2007 May; 60(5):934-9; discussion 934-9. PMID: 17460530.
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    243. Du R, Keyoung HM, Dowd CF, Young WL, Lawton M. The effects of diffuseness and deep perforating artery supply on outcomes after microsurgical resection of brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2007 Apr; 60(4):638-46; discussion 646-8. PMID: 17415200.
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    244. Young WL, Kwok PY, Pawlikowska L, Lawton M, Kim H, Hysi PG, Marchuk DA. Arteriovenous malformation. J Neurosurg. 2007 Apr; 106(4):731-2; author reply 732-3. PMID: 17432733.
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    245. Du R, Hashimoto T, Tihan T, Young WL, Perry V, Lawton M. Growth and regression of arteriovenous malformations in a patient with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2007 Mar; 106(3):470-7. PMID: 17367071.
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    246. Pruett S, Hebert P, Lapointe JM, Reagan W, Lawton M, Kawabata TT. Characterization of the action of drug-induced stress responses on the immune system: evaluation of biomarkers for drug-induced stress in rats. J Immunotoxicol. 2007 Jan; 4(1):25-38. PMID: 18958710.
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    247. Lawton M, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Jun P. The supratonsillar approach to the inferior cerebellar peduncle: anatomy, surgical technique, and clinical application to cavernous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2006 Oct; 59(4 Suppl 2):ONS244-51; discussion ONS251-2. PMID: 17041494.
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    248. Zhu Y, Lawton M, Du R, Shwe Y, Chen Y, Shen F, Young WL, Yang GY. Expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor in response to venous hypertension. Neurosurgery. 2006 Sep; 59(3):687-96; discussion 687-96. PMID: 16955051.
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    249. Chen Y, Fan Y, Poon KY, Achrol AS, Lawton M, Zhu Y, McCulloch CE, Hashimoto T, Lee C, Barbaro NM, Bollen AW, Yang GY, Young WL. MMP-9 expression is associated with leukocytic but not endothelial markers in brain arteriovenous malformations. Front Biosci. 2006; 11:3121-8. PMID: 16720380.
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    250. Acevedo-Bolton G, Jou LD, Dispensa BP, Lawton M, Higashida RT, Martin AJ, Young WL, Saloner D. Estimating the hemodynamic impact of interventional treatments of aneurysms: numerical simulation with experimental validation: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):E429-30; author reply E429-30. PMID: 16883156.
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    251. Sanchez-Mejia RO, Chennupati SK, Gupta N, Fullerton H, Young WL, Lawton M. Superior outcomes in children compared with adults after microsurgical resection of brain arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg. 2006 Aug; 105(2 Suppl):82-7. PMID: 16922067.
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    252. Yao JS, Zhai W, Fan Y, Lawton M, Barbaro NM, Young WL, Yang GY. Interleukin-6 upregulates expression of KDR and stimulates proliferation of human cerebrovascular smooth muscle cells. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2007 Mar; 27(3):510-20. PMID: 16820800.
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    253. Chi JH, Sughrue M, Kunwar S, Lawton M. The "yo-yo" technique to prevent cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea after anterior clinoidectomy for proximal internal carotid artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jul; 59(1 Suppl 1):ONS101-7; discussion ONS101-7. PMID: 16888539.
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    254. Chi JH, Lawton M. Posterior interhemispheric approach: surgical technique, application to vascular lesions, and benefits of gravity retraction. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jul; 59(1 Suppl 1):ONS41-9; discussion ONS41-9. PMID: 16888550.
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    255. Banki N, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Lawton M, Gress D, Drew B, Dae M, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. Prospective analysis of prevalence, distribution, and rate of recovery of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Neurosurg. 2006 Jul; 105(1):15-20. PMID: 16871878.
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    256. Zaroff JG, Pawlikowska L, Miss JC, Yarlagadda S, Ha C, Achrol A, Kwok PY, McCulloch CE, Lawton M, Ko N, Smith W, Young WL. Adrenoceptor polymorphisms and the risk of cardiac injury and dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2006 Jul; 37(7):1680-5. PMID: 16728691.
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    257. Kerchner GA, Smith W, Lawton M, Singh V. Co-occurrence of a cavernous malformation and contralateral moyamoya. Neurology. 2006 May 23; 66(10):1601-2. PMID: 16717235.
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    258. Pawlikowska L, Poon KY, Achrol AS, McCulloch CE, Ha C, Lum K, Zaroff JG, Ko NU, Johnston SC, Sidney S, Marchuk DA, Lawton M, Kwok PY, Young WL. Apolipoprotein E epsilon 2 is associated with new hemorrhage risk in brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2006 May; 58(5):838-43; discussion 838-43. PMID: 16639317.
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    259. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Chang EF, Lawton M. The extended retrosigmoid approach: an alternative to radical cranial base approaches for posterior fossa lesions. Neurosurgery. 2006 Apr; 58(4 Suppl 2):ONS-208-14; discussion ONS-214. PMID: 16582642.
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    260. Lawton M, Quiñones-Hinojosa A. Double reimplantation technique to reconstruct arterial bifurcations with giant aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2006 Apr; 58(4 Suppl 2):ONS-347-53; discussion ONS-353-4. PMID: 16582659.
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    261. Sanchez-Mejia RO, Ojemann SG, Simko J, Chaudhary UB, Levy J, Lawton M. Sacral epithelioid angiosarcoma associated with a bleeding diathesis and spinal epidural hematoma: case report. J Neurosurg Spine. 2006 Mar; 4(3):246-50. PMID: 16572625.
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    262. Sanai N, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Gupta NM, Perry V, Sun PP, Wilson CB, Lawton M. Pediatric intracranial aneurysms: durability of treatment following microsurgical and endovascular management. J Neurosurg. 2006 Feb; 104(2 Suppl):82-9. PMID: 16506494.
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    263. Chen Y, Pawlikowska L, Yao JS, Shen F, Zhai W, Achrol AS, Lawton M, Kwok PY, Yang GY, Young WL. Interleukin-6 involvement in brain arteriovenous malformations. Ann Neurol. 2006 Jan; 59(1):72-80. PMID: 16278864.
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    264. Fisher LA, Ko N, Miss J, Tung PP, Kopelnik A, Banki NM, Gardner D, Smith WS, Lawton M, Zaroff JG. Hypernatremia predicts adverse cardiovascular and neurological outcomes after SAH. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 5(3):180-5. PMID: 17290085.
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    265. Kothavale A, Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Yarlagadda S, Lawton M, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff JG. Predictors of left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 4(3):199-205. PMID: 16757824.
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    266. Yarlagadda S, Rajendran P, Miss JC, Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Wu AH, Ko N, Gelb AW, Lawton M, Smith WS, Young WL, Zaroff JG. Cardiovascular predictors of in-patient mortality after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2006; 5(2):102-7. PMID: 17099255.
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    267. Achrol AS, Pawlikowska L, McCulloch CE, Poon KY, Ha C, Zaroff JG, Johnston SC, Lee C, Lawton M, Sidney S, Marchuk DA, Kwok PY, Young WL. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha-238G>A promoter polymorphism is associated with increased risk of new hemorrhage in the natural course of patients with brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2006 Jan; 37(1):231-4. PMID: 16322490.
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    268. Banki NM, Kopelnik A, Dae MW, Miss J, Tung P, Lawton M, Drew BJ, Foster E, Smith W, Parmley WW, Zaroff JG. Acute neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Circulation. 2005 Nov 22; 112(21):3314-9. PMID: 16286583.
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    269. Johnston SC, Zhang H, Messina LM, Lawton M, Dean D. Chlamydia pneumoniae burden in carotid arteries is associated with upregulation of plaque interleukin-6 and elevated C-reactive protein in serum. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Dec; 25(12):2648-53. PMID: 16210572.
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    270. Jou LD, Wong G, Dispensa B, Lawton M, Higashida RT, Young WL, Saloner D. Correlation between lumenal geometry changes and hemodynamics in fusiform intracranial aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2005 Oct; 26(9):2357-63. PMID: 16219845.
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    271. Du R, Dowd CF, Johnston SC, Young WL, Lawton M. Interobserver variability in grading of brain arteriovenous malformations using the Spetzler-Martin system. Neurosurgery. 2005 Oct; 57(4):668-75; discussion 668-75. PMID: 16239878.
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    272. Pawlikowska L, Tran MN, Achrol AS, Ha C, Burchard E, Choudhry S, Zaroff J, Lawton M, Castro R, McCulloch CE, Marchuk D, Kwok PY, Young WL. Polymorphisms in transforming growth factor-beta-related genes ALK1 and ENG are associated with sporadic brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2005 Oct; 36(10):2278-80. PMID: 16179574.
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    273. Fullerton HJ, Achrol AS, Johnston SC, McCulloch CE, Higashida RT, Lawton M, Sidney S, Young WL. Long-term hemorrhage risk in children versus adults with brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2005 Oct; 36(10):2099-104. PMID: 16141419.
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    274. Vates GE, Hashimoto T, Young WL, Lawton M. Angiogenesis in the brain during development: the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiopoietin-2 in an animal model. J Neurosurg. 2005 Jul; 103(1):136-45. PMID: 16121984.
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    275. Lawton M, Du R. Effect of the neurosurgeon's surgical experience on outcomes from intraoperative aneurysmal rupture. Neurosurgery. 2005 Jul; 57(1):9-15; discussion 9-15. PMID: 15987535.
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    276. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Lawton M. In situ bypass in the management of complex intracranial aneurysms: technique application in 13 patients. Neurosurgery. 2005 Jul; 57(1 Suppl):140-5; discussion 140-5. PMID: 15987580.
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    277. Tung PP, Olmsted E, Kopelnik A, Banki NM, Drew BJ, Ko N, Lawton M, Smith W, Foster E, Young WL, Zaroff JG. Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide levels are associated with early cardiac dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2005 Jul; 36(7):1567-9. PMID: 15947264.
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    278. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Du R, Lawton M. Revascularization with saphenous vein bypasses for complex intracranial aneurysms. Skull Base. 2005 May; 15(2):119-32. PMID: 16148973; PMCID: PMC1150875.
    279. Hashimoto T, Wu Y, Lawton M, Yang GY, Barbaro NM, Young WL. Coexpression of angiogenic factors in brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2005 May; 56(5):1058-65; discussion 1058-65. PMID: 15854255.
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    280. Mao Y, Zhao Y, Zhou LF, Huang CX, Shou XF, Gong JL, Lawton M, Yang GY. A novel gene mutation (1292 deletion) in a Chinese family with cerebral cavernous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2005 May; 56(5):1149-53; discussion 1149-53. PMID: 15854263.
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    281. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Lyon R, Du R, Lawton M. Intraoperative motor mapping of the cerebral peduncle during resection of a midbrain cavernous malformation: technical case report. Neurosurgery. 2005 Apr; 56(2 Suppl):E439; discussion E439. PMID: 15794843.
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    282. Lawton M, Du R, Tran MN, Achrol AS, McCulloch CE, Johnston SC, Quinnine NJ, Young WL. Effect of presenting hemorrhage on outcome after microsurgical resection of brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2005 Mar; 56(3):485-93; discussion 485-93. PMID: 15730573.
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    283. Lawton M, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Chang EF, Yu T. Thrombotic intracranial aneurysms: classification scheme and management strategies in 68 patients. Neurosurgery. 2005 Mar; 56(3):441-54; discussion 441-54. PMID: 15730569.
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    284. Khush K, Kopelnik A, Tung P, Banki N, Dae M, Lawton M, Smith W, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff J. Age and aneurysm position predict patterns of left ventricular dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2005 Feb; 18(2):168-74. PMID: 15682055.
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    285. Hashimoto T, Matsumoto MM, Li JF, Lawton M, Young WL. Suppression of MMP-9 by doxycycline in brain arteriovenous malformations. BMC Neurol. 2005 Jan 24; 5(1):1. PMID: 15667660; PMCID: PMC547916.
    286. Kopelnik A, Fisher L, Miss JC, Banki N, Tung P, Lawton M, Ko N, Smith WS, Drew B, Foster E, Zaroff J. Prevalence and implications of diastolic dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurocrit Care. 2005; 3(2):132-8. PMID: 16174882.
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    287. Du R, McDermott MW, Dowd CF, Young WL, Lawton M. Neurosurgery at the crossroads: integrated multidisciplinary management of 449 patients with brain arteriovenous malformations. Clin Neurosurg. 2005; 52:177-91. PMID: 16626069.
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    288. Miss JC, Kopelnik A, Fisher LA, Tung PP, Banki NM, Lawton M, Smith WS, Dowd CF, Zaroff JG. Cardiac injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage is independent of the type of aneurysm therapy. Neurosurgery. 2004 Dec; 55(6):1244-50; discussion 1250-1. PMID: 15574206.
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    289. Auguste KI, Ware ML, Lawton M. Nonsaccular aneurysms of the azygos anterior cerebral artery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Nov 15; 17(5):E12. PMID: 15633977.
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    290. Smith WS, Dowd CF, Johnston SC, Ko NU, DeArmond SJ, Dillon WP, Setty D, Lawton M, Young WL, Higashida RT, Halbach VV. Neurotoxicity of intra-arterial papaverine preserved with chlorobutanol used for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Nov; 35(11):2518-22. PMID: 15472097.
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    291. Lawton M, Vates GE, Quinones-Hinojosa A, McDonald WC, Marchuk DA, Young WL. Giant infiltrative cavernous malformation: clinical presentation, intervention, and genetic analysis: case report. Neurosurgery. 2004 Oct; 55(4):979-80. PMID: 15934180.
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    292. Pawlikowska L, Tran MN, Achrol AS, McCulloch CE, Ha C, Lind DL, Hashimoto T, Zaroff J, Lawton M, Marchuk DA, Kwok PY, Young WL. Polymorphisms in genes involved in inflammatory and angiogenic pathways and the risk of hemorrhagic presentation of brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2004 Oct; 35(10):2294-300. PMID: 15331795.
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    293. Lawton M, Stewart CL, Wulfstat AA, Derugin N, Hashimoto T, Young WL. The transgenic arteriovenous fistula in the rat: an experimental model of gene therapy for brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jun; 54(6):1463-71; discussion 1471. PMID: 15157304.
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    294. Kim EJ, Halim AX, Dowd CF, Lawton M, Singh V, Bennett J, Young WL. The relationship of coexisting extranidal aneurysms to intracranial hemorrhage in patients harboring brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2004 Jun; 54(6):1349-57; discussion 1357-8. PMID: 15157291.
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    295. Bardach NS, Olson SJ, Elkins JS, Smith WS, Lawton M, Johnston SC. Regionalization of treatment for subarachnoid hemorrhage: a cost-utility analysis. Circulation. 2004 May 11; 109(18):2207-12. PMID: 15117848.
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    296. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Alam M, Lyon R, Yingling CD, Lawton M. Transcranial motor evoked potentials during basilar artery aneurysm surgery: technique application for 30 consecutive patients. Neurosurgery. 2004 Apr; 54(4):916-24; discussion 924. PMID: 15046658.
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    297. Waring JF, Ulrich RG, Flint N, Morfitt D, Kalkuhl A, Staedtler F, Lawton M, Beekman JM, Suter L. Interlaboratory evaluation of rat hepatic gene expression changes induced by methapyrilene. Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Mar; 112(4):439-48. PMID: 15033593; PMCID: PMC1241897.
    298. Binder DK, Horton JC, Lawton M, McDermott MW. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurosurgery. 2004 Mar; 54(3):538-51; discussion 551-2. PMID: 15028127.
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    299. Du R, Young WL, Lawton M. "Tangential" resection of medial temporal lobe arteriovenous malformations with the orbitozygomatic approach. Neurosurgery. 2004 Mar; 54(3):645-51; discussion 651-2. PMID: 15028139.
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    300. Thompson KL, Afshari CA, Amin RP, Bertram TA, Car B, Cunningham M, Kind C, Kramer JA, Lawton M, Mirsky M, Naciff JM, Oreffo V, Pine PS, Sistare FD. Identification of platform-independent gene expression markers of cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Mar; 112(4):488-94. PMID: 15033599; PMCID: PMC1241903.
    301. Sanai N, Tramontin AD, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Barbaro NM, Gupta N, Kunwar S, Lawton M, McDermott MW, Parsa AT, Manuel-García Verdugo J, Berger MS, Alvarez-Buylla A. Unique astrocyte ribbon in adult human brain contains neural stem cells but lacks chain migration. Nature. 2004 Feb 19; 427(6976):740-4. PMID: 14973487.
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    302. Hashimoto T, Lawton M, Wen G, Yang GY, Chaly T, Stewart CL, Dressman HK, Barbaro NM, Marchuk DA, Young WL. Gene microarray analysis of human brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2004 Feb; 54(2):410-23; discussion 423-5. PMID: 14744289.
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    303. Quinones-Hinojosa A, Chang EF, Khan SA, Lawton M, McDermott MW. Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the choroid mimicking intraventricular meningioma. Can J Neurol Sci. 2004 Feb; 31(1):115-20. PMID: 15038482.
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    304. Tung P, Kopelnik A, Banki N, Ong K, Ko N, Lawton M, Gress D, Drew B, Foster E, Parmley W, Zaroff J. Predictors of neurocardiogenic injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Stroke. 2004 Feb; 35(2):548-51. PMID: 14739408.
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    305. Chun JY, Gulati M, Halbach V, Lawton M. Thrombosis of a spinal arteriovenous malformation after hemorrhage: case report. Surg Neurol. 2004 Jan; 61(1):92-4. PMID: 14706393.
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    306. Josephson SA, Dillon WP, Dowd CF, Malek R, Lawton M, Smith WS. Continuous bleeding from a basilar terminus aneurysm imaged with CT angiography and conventional angiography. Neurocrit Care. 2004; 1(1):103-6. PMID: 16174904.
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    307. Quinones-Hinojosa A, Gulati M, Singh V, Lawton M. Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage due to coagulation disorders. Neurosurg Focus. 2003 Oct 15; 15(4):E3. PMID: 15344896.
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    308. Jou LD, Quick CM, Young WL, Lawton M, Higashida R, Martin A, Saloner D. Computational approach to quantifying hemodynamic forces in giant cerebral aneurysms. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2003 Oct; 24(9):1804-10. PMID: 14561606.
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    309. Lawton M. Spetzler-Martin Grade III arteriovenous malformations: surgical results and a modification of the grading scale. Neurosurgery. 2003 Apr; 52(4):740-8; discussion 748-9. PMID: 12657169.
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    310. Hashimoto T, Wen G, Lawton M, Boudreau NJ, Bollen AW, Yang GY, Barbaro NM, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Young WL. Abnormal expression of matrix metalloproteinases and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in brain arteriovenous malformations. Stroke. 2003 Apr; 34(4):925-31. PMID: 12649522.
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    311. Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Auguste K, Lawton M. Unusual venous drainage of an arteriovenous malformation. Case illustration. J Neurosurg. 2003 Mar; 98(3):642. PMID: 12650442.
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    312. Lawton M, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Sanai N, Malek JY, Dowd CF. Combined microsurgical and endovascular management of complex intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2003 Feb; 52(2):263-74; discussion 274-5. PMID: 12535354.
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    313. Vates GE, Lawton M, Wilson CB, McDermott MW, Halbach VV, Roberts TP, Rowley HA. Magnetic source imaging demonstrates altered cortical distribution of function in patients with arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2002 Sep; 51(3):614-23; discussion 623-7. PMID: 12188939.
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    314. Kirkwood PA, Lawton M, Ford TW. Plateau potentials in hindlimb motoneurones of female cats under anaesthesia. Exp Brain Res. 2002 Oct; 146(3):399-403. PMID: 12232698.
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    315. von Koch CS, Young G, Chin CT, Lawton M. Magnetic resonance imaging/spectroscopy of an intraaxial epidermoid: similarity to an abscess. Case illustration. J Neurosurg. 2002 Aug; 97(2):492. PMID: 12186484.
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    316. Smyth MD, Sneed PK, Ciricillo SF, Edwards MS, Wara WM, Larson DA, Lawton M, Gutin PH, McDermott MW. Stereotactic radiosurgery for pediatric intracranial arteriovenous malformations: the University of California at San Francisco experience. J Neurosurg. 2002 Jul; 97(1):48-55. PMID: 12134932.
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    317. Bardach NS, Zhao S, Gress DR, Lawton M, Johnston SC. Association between subarachnoid hemorrhage outcomes and number of cases treated at California hospitals. Stroke. 2002 Jul; 33(7):1851-6. PMID: 12105365.
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    318. Halim AX, Singh V, Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Halbach VV, Lawton M, Gress DR, McCulloch CE, Young WL. Characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations with coexisting aneurysms: a comparison of two referral centers. Stroke. 2002 Mar; 33(3):675-9. PMID: 11872886.
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    319. Young WL, Lawton M, Gupta DK, Hashimoto T. Anesthetic management of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest for cerebral aneurysm clipping. Anesthesiology. 2002 Feb; 96(2):497-503. PMID: 11818785.
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    320. Lawton M. Commentary. Skull Base. 2002 Feb; 12(1):17. PMID: 17167636; PMCID: PMC1654764.
    321. Vates GE, Wang KC, Bonovich D, Dowd CF, Lawton M. Bow hunter stroke caused by cervical disc herniation. Case report. J Neurosurg. 2002 Jan; 96(1 Suppl):90-3. PMID: 11795720.
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    322. Lawton M. Basilar apex aneurysms: surgical results and perspectives from an initial experience. Neurosurgery. 2002 Jan; 50(1):1-8; discussion 8-10. PMID: 11844228.
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    323. Johnston SC, Messina LM, Browner WS, Lawton M, Morris C, Dean D. C-reactive protein levels and viable Chlamydia pneumoniae in carotid artery atherosclerosis. Stroke. 2001 Dec 1; 32(12):2748-52. PMID: 11739967.
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    324. Vates GE, Arthur KA, Ojemann SG, Williams F, Lawton M. A neurocytoma and an associated lenticulostriate artery aneurysm presenting with intraventricular hemorrhage: case report. Neurosurgery. 2001 Sep; 49(3):721-5. PMID: 11523685.
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    325. Auguste KI, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Lawton M. The tandem bypass: subclavian artery-to-middle cerebral artery bypass with dacron and saphenous vein grafts. Technical case report. Surg Neurol. 2001 Sep; 56(3):164-9. PMID: 11597642.
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    326. Vates GE, Quiñones-Hinojosa A, Halbach VV, Lawton M. Conus perimedullary arteriovenous fistula with intracranial drainage: case report. Neurosurgery. 2001 Aug; 49(2):457-61; discussion 461-2. PMID: 11504125.
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    327. Hashimoto T, Lam T, Boudreau NJ, Bollen AW, Lawton M, Young WL. Abnormal balance in the angiopoietin-tie2 system in human brain arteriovenous malformations. Circ Res. 2001 Jul 20; 89(2):111-3. PMID: 11463715.
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    328. Hashimoto T, Mesa-Tejada R, Quick CM, Bollen AW, Joshi S, Pile-Spellman J, Lawton M, Young WL. Evidence of increased endothelial cell turnover in brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2001 Jul; 49(1):124-31; discussion 131-2. PMID: 11440433.
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    329. Lam E, Kato N, Lawton M. Programmed cell death, mitochondria and the plant hypersensitive response. Nature. 2001 Jun 14; 411(6839):848-53. PMID: 11459068.
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    330. Chun JY, Smith W, Halbach VV, Higashida RT, Wilson CB, Lawton M. Current multimodality management of infectious intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2001 Jun; 48(6):1203-13; discussion 1213-4. PMID: 11383721.
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    331. Meyers PM, Halbach VV, Malek AM, Phatouros CC, Dowd CF, Lawton M, Lempert TE, Higashida RT. Endovascular treatment of cerebral artery aneurysms during pregnancy: report of three cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Aug; 21(7):1306-11. PMID: 10954284.
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    332. Theodosopoulos PV, Lawton M. Fenestration of the posteroinferior cerebellar artery: case report. Neurosurgery. 2000 Aug; 47(2):463-5. PMID: 10942023.
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    333. Lawton M, Chun J, Wilson CB, Halbach VV. Ethmoidal dural arteriovenous fistulae: an assessment of surgical and endovascular management. Neurosurgery. 1999 Oct; 45(4):805-10; discussion 810-1. PMID: 10515474.
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    334. Haase J, Magnussen IB, Ogilvy CS, Ojemann RG, Meyer FB, Quest DO, Lawton M, McDougall CG, Spetzler RF, Samson D, Takahashi A, Yoshimoto T, Ausman JI, Charbel FT, Debrun G, Aletich V, Dujovny M. Evaluating patients with vertebrobasilar transient ischemic attacks. Surg Neurol. 1999 Oct; 52(4):386-92. PMID: 10555845.
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    335. David CA, Vishteh AG, Spetzler RF, Lemole M, Lawton M, Partovi S. Late angiographic follow-up review of surgically treated aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1999 Sep; 91(3):396-401. PMID: 10470813.
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    336. Han PP, Theodore N, Porter RW, Detwiler PW, Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Subdural hematoma from a Type I spinal arteriovenous malformation. Case report. J Neurosurg. 1999 Apr; 90(2 Suppl):255-7. PMID: 10199259.
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    337. Malek AM, Halbach VV, Phatouros CC, Higashida RT, Dowd CF, Wachhorst S, Lawton M. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula with an associated feeding artery aneurysm: case report. Neurosurgery. 1999 Apr; 44(4):877-80. PMID: 10201316.
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    338. Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Surgical strategies for giant intracranial aneurysms. Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1999; 72:141-56. PMID: 10337420.
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    339. Porter RW, Detwiler PW, Spetzler RF, Lawton M, Baskin JJ, Derksen PT, Zabramski JM. Cavernous malformations of the brainstem: experience with 100 patients. J Neurosurg. 1999 Jan; 90(1):50-8. PMID: 10413155.
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    340. du Boulay GH, Lawton M, Wallis A. The story of the internal carotid artery of mammals: from Galen to sudden infant death syndrome. Neuroradiology. 1998 Nov; 40(11):697-703. PMID: 9860117.
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    341. Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Surgical strategies for giant intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1998 Oct; 9(4):725-42. PMID: 9738103.
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    342. Lawton M, Raudzens PA, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Hypothermic circulatory arrest in neurovascular surgery: evolving indications and predictors of patient outcome. Neurosurgery. 1998 Jul; 43(1):10-20; discussion 20-1. PMID: 9657183.
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    343. Detwiler PW, Henn JS, Porter RW, Lawton M, White WL, Spetzler RF. Medulloblastoma presenting with tentorial "dural-tail" sign: is the "dural-tail" sign specific for meningioma? Skull Base Surg. 1998; 8(4):233-6. PMID: 17171073; PMCID: PMC1656697.
    344. Detwiler PW, Porter R, Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Detection of delayed cerebral vasospasm, after rupture of intracranial aneurysms, by magnetic resonance angiography. Neurosurgery. 1997 Oct; 41(4):997-8. PMID: 9316071.
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    345. Lawton M, Daspit CP, Spetzler RF. Technical aspects and recent trends in the management of large and giant midbasilar artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 1997 Sep; 41(3):513-20; discussion 520-1. PMID: 9310966.
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    346. Lawton M, Jacobowitz R, Spetzler RF. Redefined role of angiogenesis in the pathogenesis of dural arteriovenous malformations. J Neurosurg. 1997 Aug; 87(2):267-74. PMID: 9254092.
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    347. Kobayashi S, Hongo K, Bhagwati SN, Rappaport ZH, Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Management of arteriovenous malformations: Part II. Surg Neurol. 1997 Jul; 48(1):2-6. PMID: 9199676.
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    348. Porter RW, Lawton M, Hamilton MG, Spetzler RF. Concurrent aneurysm rupture and thrombosis of high grade internal carotid artery stenosis: report of two cases. Surg Neurol. 1997 Jun; 47(6):532-9; discussion 539-40. PMID: 9167777.
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    349. Apostolides PJ, Lawton M, Smith KA, Spetzler RF. Embolization and radiosurgery for AVMs. J Neurosurg. 1997 Feb; 86(2):318-9; author reply 320-1. PMID: 9010442.
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    350. Lawton M, Heiserman JE, Coons SW, Ragsdale BD, Spetzler RF. Juvenile active ossifying fibroma. Report of four cases. J Neurosurg. 1997 Feb; 86(2):279-85. PMID: 9010430.
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    351. Lawton M, Daspit CP, Spetzler RF. Presigmoid approaches to skull base lesions. Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg. 1997; 23:189-204. PMID: 9075473.
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    352. Mangiarini L, Sathasivam K, Seller M, Cozens B, Harper A, Hetherington C, Lawton M, Trottier Y, Lehrach H, Davies SW, Bates GP. Exon 1 of the HD gene with an expanded CAG repeat is sufficient to cause a progressive neurological phenotype in transgenic mice. Cell. 1996 Nov 1; 87(3):493-506. PMID: 8898202.
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    353. Lawton M, Golfinos JG, Spetzler RF. The contralateral transcallosal approach: experience with 32 patients. Neurosurgery. 1996 Oct; 39(4):729-34; discussion 734-5. PMID: 8880765.
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    354. Lawton M, Heiserman JE, Prendergast VC, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Titanium aneurysm clips: Part III--Clinical application in 16 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery. 1996 Jun; 38(6):1170-5. PMID: 8727149.
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    355. Lawton M, Ho JC, Bichard WD, Coons SW, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Titanium aneurysm clips: Part I--Mechanical, radiological, and biocompatibility testing. Neurosurgery. 1996 Jun; 38(6):1158-63; discussion 1164. PMID: 8727147.
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    356. Fisher RS, Ehsan T, Smith K, Lawton M, Bichard WD, Spetzler RF. Titanium aneurysm clips: Part II--Seizure and electroencephalographic studies in implanted rabbits. Neurosurgery. 1996 Jun; 38(6):1165-9. PMID: 8727148.
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    357. Anson JA, Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Characteristics and surgical treatment of dolichoectatic and fusiform aneurysms. J Neurosurg. 1996 Feb; 84(2):185-93. PMID: 8592220.
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    358. Lawton M, Daspit CP, Spetzler RF. Transpetrosal and combination approaches to skull base lesions. Clin Neurosurg. 1996; 43:91-112. PMID: 9247797.
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    359. Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Internal carotid artery sacrifice for radical resection of skull base tumors. Skull Base Surg. 1996; 6(2):119-23. PMID: 17170986; PMCID: PMC1656574.
    360. Lawton M, Hamilton MG, Morcos JJ, Spetzler RF. Revascularization and aneurysm surgery: current techniques, indications, and outcome. Neurosurgery. 1996 Jan; 38(1):83-92; discussion 92-4. PMID: 8747955.
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    361. Lawton M, Hamilton MG, Spetzler RF. Multimodality treatment of deep arteriovenous malformations: thalamus, basal ganglia, and brain stem. Neurosurgery. 1995 Jul; 37(1):29-35; discussion 35-6. PMID: 8587687.
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    362. Lawton M, Porter RW, Heiserman JE, Jacobowitz R, Sonntag VK, Dickman CA. Surgical management of spinal epidural hematoma: relationship between surgical timing and neurological outcome. J Neurosurg. 1995 Jul; 83(1):1-7. PMID: 7782824.
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    363. Lawton M, Hamilton MG, Beals SP, Joganic EF, Spetzler RF. Radical resection of anterior skull base tumors. Clin Neurosurg. 1995; 42:43-70. PMID: 8846608.
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    364. Lawton M, Spetzler RF. Surgical management of giant intracranial aneurysms: experience with 171 patients. Clin Neurosurg. 1995; 42:245-66. PMID: 8846596.
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    365. North RB, Ewend MG, Lawton M, Kidd DH, Piantadosi S. Failed back surgery syndrome: 5-year follow-up after spinal cord stimulator implantation. Neurosurgery. 1991 May; 28(5):692-9. PMID: 1831547.
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    366. Ardell JL, Randall WC, Pomeroy G, Lawton M, Kim T. Autonomic regulation of subsidiary atrial pacemakers during exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1991 Mar; 70(3):1175-83. PMID: 2032983.
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    367. North RB, Ewend MG, Lawton M, Piantadosi S. Spinal cord stimulation for chronic, intractable pain: superiority of "multi-channel" devices. Pain. 1991 Feb; 44(2):119-30. PMID: 2052378.
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    368. Harbour JW, Lawton M, Criscuolo GR, Holliday MJ, Mattox DE, Long DM. Clivus chordoma: a report of 12 recent cases and review of the literature. Skull Base Surg. 1991; 1(4):200-6. PMID: 17170837; PMCID: PMC1656331.
    369. Dugan JD, Lawton M, Glaser B, Brem H. A new technique for explantation and in vitro cultivation of chicken embryos. Anat Rec. 1991 Jan; 229(1):125-8. PMID: 1996778.
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