Mohammad Diab, MD

Title(s)Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
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    Stanford UniversityB.A. Classics
    Stanford UniversityM.D.
    University of WashingtonGeneral Orthopaedic Surgery
    Harvard UniversityPaediatric Orthopaedic Surgery

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    Dr. Mohammad Diab is a Professor and Vice Chair (Pediatric Othopaedics) in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Department of Pediatrics at UCSF. He also holds the Endowed Professorship in Pediatric Orthoaedic Medical Education.

    Dr. Diab sees children and adolescents with the full spectrum of musculoskeletal conditions, from fractures to infections to bone deformity to congenital anomalies to neuromuscular disorders to skeletal dysplasias. He has a special interest in the axial skeleton, in particular spine and hip conditions, including scoliosis, kyphosis, spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis, hip dysplasia and femoro-acetabular impingement. He also is the go-to surgeon for residual childhood deformities in young adults, such as previously undiagnosed hip dysplasia. He began the periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) and surgical hip dislocation program at Northern California Kaiser. Procedures he routinely performs include fusion, instrumentation, reduction, osteotomy and stabilization. Dr. Diab is one of the innovators in spine tethering, having performed his first procedure in 2007 and trained many surgeons in the technique.

    Dr. Diab is world-renowned in the field of Pediatric Orthoaedic Surgery. He has written two books, Lexicon of Orthopædic Surgery (Taylor & Francis, 1999) and Practice of Pædiatric Orthopædics (Wolters Kluwer-Lippincott, 2015), one of the major international textbooks in the field. He has presented his research at national and international meetings, has taught in numerous courses for orthopædic surgeons, and regularly mentors resident, fellows and medical students.

    Diab earned his undergraduate and medical degrees from Stanford University. He completed training in Orthoaedic Surgery at the University of Washington and in Pediatric Orthoaedic Surgery at Harvard University. He began as an Assistant Professor of Orthoaedic Surgery at the University of Washington, from where he came to UCSF in 2002 as Chief of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery. Dr. Diab sees and treats patients at UCSF Children’s Hospitals San Francisco (Mission Bay) and Oakland, as well as in Marin at UCSF's Greenbrae clinic.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Radiographic and perioperative outcomes following anterior thoracic vertebral body tethering and posterior lumbar spine tethering: a pilot series. Spine Deform. 2023 Nov; 11(6):1399-1408. Siu JW, Wu HH, Saggi S, Allahabadi S, Katyal T, Diab M. PMID: 37355490; PMCID: PMC10587020.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Anterior vertebral body tethering for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis associated with less early post-operative pain and shorter recovery compared with fusion. Spine Deform. 2023 07; 11(4):919-925. O'Donnell JM, Gornitzky AL, Wu HH, Furie KS, Diab M. PMID: 36809648; PMCID: PMC10261228.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Perioperative Outcomes of Open Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering and Instrumented Posterior Spinal Fusion for Skeletally Immature Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2023 Mar 01; 43(3):143-150. Siu JW, Wu HH, Saggi S, Allahabadi S, Katyal T, Diab M. PMID: 36746139.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Thoracic posterior spinal instrumented fusion vs. thoracic anterior spinal tethering for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum of 2-year follow-up: a cost comparison of index and revision operations. Spine Deform. 2023 03; 11(2):359-366. Theologis AA, Wu HH, Diab M. PMID: 36131225.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Concurrent and overlapping surgery: perspectives from surgeons on spinal posterior instrumented fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Child Orthop. 2021 Dec 01; 15(6):589-595. Allahabadi S, Wu HH, Allahabadi S, Woolridge T, Kohn MA, Diab M. PMID: 34987670; PMCID: PMC8670537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    6. Institution-wide shape analysis of 3D spinal curvature and global alignment parameters. J Orthop Res. 2022 08; 40(8):1896-1908. Iriondo C, Mehany S, Shah R, Bharadwaj U, Bahroos E, Chin C, Diab M, Pedoia V, Majumdar S. PMID: 34845751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Surgeon Suicide Remains a Critical Issue for the Orthopaedic Profession. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2021 10 20; 103(20):e81. Zaid M, Diab M. PMID: 34003810.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Ureteral injury following anterior thoracolumbar spinal instrumented fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a case report with CT angiography analysis of surgically relevant anatomy. Spine Deform. 2021 11; 9(6):1691-1698. Hung NJ, Theologis AA, Courtier JL, Harmon D, Diab M. PMID: 34075563.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Physician Ratings: Determinants, Accuracy, and Impact. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2021 04 07; 103(7):e27. Khanna K, Diab M. PMID: 33787556.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Neurophysiologic Detection of Spinal Cord Ischemia During Anterior Vertebral Tethering. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Dec 15; 45(24):E1703-E1706. Clark JP, Diab M. PMID: 32925681.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Bilateral optic disc pits in a pediatric patient with Cobb syndrome. Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep. 2020 Sep; 19:100749. Mekonnen B, Richardson Q, Bhisitkul JM, Diab M, Rasool N. PMID: 32518855; PMCID: PMC7270543.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    12. Preoperative CT Angiography Informs Instrumentation in Anterior Spine Surgery for Idiopathic Scoliosis. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2020 04; 4(4). Theologis AA, Ramirez J, Diab M. PMID: 32377614; PMCID: PMC7188266.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Patient Satisfaction: Inception, Impact, and Correlation with Outcomes. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019 Nov 06; 101(21):e115. Khanna K, Diab M. PMID: 31567669.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Idiopathic stroke after syndromic and neuromuscular scoliosis surgery: a case report and literature review. AME Case Rep. 2019; 3:28. Nguyen T, Khanna K, Gornitzky AL, Diab M. PMID: 31559384; PMCID: PMC6736787.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    15. Schimke immunoosseous dysplasia and management considerations for vascular risks. Am J Med Genet A. 2019 07; 179(7):1246-1252. Beleford DT, Diab M, Qubty WF, Malloy MJ, Long RK, Shieh JT. PMID: 31039288.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Concurrent and Overlapping Surgery: Perspectives From Parents of Adolescents Undergoing Spinal Posterior Instrumented Fusion for Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jan 01; 44(1):53-59. Bryant J, Markes A, Woolridge T, Cerruti D, Dzeng E, Koenig B, Diab M. PMID: 29901538; PMCID: PMC6551350.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Ethnic Variation in Satisfaction and Appearance Concerns in Adolescents With Idiopathic Scoliosis Undergoing Posterior Spinal Fusion With Instrumentation. Spine Deform. 2018 Mar - Apr; 6(2):148-155. Theologis AA, Crawford M, Diab M, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 29413737.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. National Trends in the Surgical Management of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Analysis of a National Estimate of 60,108 Children From the National Inpatient Sample Over a 13-Year Time Period in the United States. Spine Deform. 2017 Jan; 5(1):56-65. Theologis AA, Sing DC, Chekeni F, Diab M. PMID: 28038695.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    
    19. Rates and risk factors associated with unplanned hospital readmission after fusion for pediatric spinal deformity. Spine J. 2017 03; 17(3):369-379. Roddy E, Diab M. PMID: 27765710.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Surgical Consent of Children and Guardians for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis is Incompletely Informed. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jan; 41(1):53-61. Theologis AA, Anaya A, Sabatini C, Sucato DJ, Parent S, Erickson M, Diab M. PMID: 26335670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Type of bone graft or substitute does not affect outcome of spine fusion with instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Sep 01; 40(17):1345-51. Theologis AA, Tabaraee E, Lin T, Lubicky J, Diab M, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 26010036.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Spinal fusion for scoliosis in patients with globally involved cerebral palsy: an ethical assessment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 May 06; 97(9):782-7. Whitaker AT, Sharkey M, Diab M. PMID: 25948526.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Grey-scale ultrasound findings of lower extremity entheses in healthy children. Pediatr Rheumatol Online J. 2015 May 06; 13:14. Lin C, Diab M, Milojevic D. PMID: 25943381; PMCID: PMC4432950.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Vertebral body stapling in children younger than 10 years with idiopathic scoliosis with curve magnitude of 30° to 39°. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Dec 01; 38(25):E1583-8. Theologis AA, Cahill P, Auriemma M, Betz R, Diab M. PMID: 23963018.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Discriminative Properties of the Spinal Appearance Questionnaire Compared With the Scoliosis Research Society-22 Revised. Spine Deform. 2013 Sep; 1(5):328-338. Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Polly DW, Diamond BE, Sucato DJ. PMID: 27927388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    
    26. Culture and ethnicity influence outcomes of the Scoliosis Research Society Instrument in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 20; 37(12):1072-6. Morse LJ, Kawakami N, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO, Diab M. PMID: 22076648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Use and outcomes of wound drain in spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 15; 37(11):966-73. Diab M, Smucny M, Dormans JP, Erickson MA, Ibrahim K, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO. PMID: 22037527.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Musculoskeletal disorders among spine surgeons: results of a survey of the Scoliosis Research Society membership. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Dec 15; 36(26):E1715-21. Auerbach JD, Weidner ZD, Milby AH, Diab M, Lonner BS. PMID: 21508887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 32     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Fixation points within the main thoracic curve: does more instrumentation produce greater curve correction and improved results? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Oct 01; 36(21):E1402-6. Sanders JO, Diab M, Richards SB, Lenke LG, Johnston CE, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Erickson MA, Bridwell KH, McCarthy RE, Sarwark JF, Dormans JP, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 21681134.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Patient satisfaction after surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 20; 36(12):965-8. Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Sturm PF, Sucato DJ, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 21224771.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Prevalence and predictors of pain in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 01; 36(10):825-9. Landman Z, Oswald T, Sanders J, Diab M, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 21192302.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Use and outcome of MRI in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Apr 15; 36(8):667-71. Diab M, Landman Z, Lubicky J, Dormans J, Erickson M, Richards BS, members of the Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 21178850.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. Patient self-assessment of appearance is improved more by all pedicle screw than by hybrid constructs in surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Feb 01; 36(3):248-54. Smucny M, Lubicky JP, Sanders JO, Carreon LY, Diab M. PMID: 21248593.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. The minimum clinically important difference in Scoliosis Research Society-22 Appearance, Activity, And Pain domains after surgical correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 01; 35(23):2079-83. Carreon LY, Sanders JO, Diab M, Sucato DJ, Sturm PF, Glassman SD, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 20395881.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Transfusion-related acute lung injury after transfusion of maternal blood: a case-control study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Nov 01; 35(23):E1322-7. Dunbar N, Cooke M, Diab M, Toy P. PMID: 20938390; PMCID: PMC2964398.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Preoperative and perioperative factors effect on adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgical outcomes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Sep 15; 35(20):1867-71. Sanders JO, Carreon LY, Sucato DJ, Sturm PF, Diab M, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 20802382.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Preoperative bracing affects postoperative outcome of posterior spine fusion with instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Sep 15; 35(20):1876-9. Diab M, Sharkey M, Emans J, Lenke L, Oswald T, Sucato D, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 20844423.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Right thoracic curves in presumed adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: which clinical and radiographic findings correlate with a preoperative abnormal magnetic resonance image? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Sep 15; 35(20):1855-60. Richards BS, Sucato DJ, Johnston CE, Diab M, Sarwark JF, Lenke LG, Parent S, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 20802396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. High-risk pediatric orthopedic pitfalls. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2010 Feb; 28(1):85-102, viii. Laine JC, Kaiser SP, Diab M. PMID: 19945600.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Delayed presentation of tetraparesis following posterior thoracolumbar spinal fusion and instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Dec 01; 34(25):E936-41. Dapunt UA, Mok JM, Sharkey MS, Davis AA, Foster-Barber A, Diab M. PMID: 19940725.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Symptomatic coalition between the first and second metatarsals in a child. Orthopedics. 2008 Dec; 31(12). Novak EJ, Elzik M, Diab M. PMID: 19226053.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    42. Music playing in a cast room reduced heart rate in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Aug; 90(8):1791. Diab M. PMID: 18676924.
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    43. Cost-effectiveness analysis of periacetabular osteotomy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jul; 90(7):1447-56. Sharifi E, Sharifi H, Morshed S, Bozic K, Diab M. PMID: 18594092.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Comparison of observer variation in conventional and three digital radiographic methods used in the evaluation of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Mar 15; 33(6):681-6. Mok JM, Berven SH, Diab M, Hackbarth M, Hu SS, Deviren V. PMID: 18344863.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Spondylolisthesis and spondylolysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Mar; 90(3):656-71. Hu SS, Tribus CB, Diab M, Ghanayem AJ. PMID: 18326106.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Spondylolisthesis and spondylolysis. Instr Course Lect. 2008; 57:431-45. Hu SS, Tribus CB, Diab M, Ghanayem AJ. PMID: 18399601.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Neural complications in the surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 15; 32(24):2759-63. Diab M, Smith AR, Kuklo TR, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 18007257.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 43     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. The Spinal Appearance Questionnaire: results of reliability, validity, and responsiveness testing in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 15; 32(24):2719-22. Sanders JO, Harrast JJ, Kuklo TR, Polly DW, Bridwell KH, Diab M, Dormans JP, Drummond DS, Emans JB, Johnston CE, Lenke LG, McCarthy RE, Newton PO, Richards BS, Sucato DJ, Spinal Deformity Study Group. PMID: 18007251.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 52     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Physical examination in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2007 Apr; 18(2):229-36. Diab M. PMID: 17556123.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. A biomechanical analysis of sublaminar and subtransverse process fixation using metal wires and polyethylene cables. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Sep 01; 31(19):2202-8. Fujita M, Diab M, Xu Z, Puttlitz CM. PMID: 16946654.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    51. The effect of age on motor evoked potentials in children under propofol/isoflurane anesthesia. Anesth Analg. 2006 Aug; 103(2):316-21, table of contents. Lieberman JA, Lyon R, Feiner J, Diab M, Gregory GA. PMID: 16861411.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Osteotomy does not improve early outcome after slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2006 Mar; 15(2):87-92. Diab M, Daluvoy S, Snyder BD, Kasser JR. PMID: 16436941.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Scapulothoracic fusion for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Oct; 87(10):2267-75. Diab M, Darras BT, Shapiro F. PMID: 16203893.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Intertrochanteric versus subcapital osteotomy in slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Oct; (427):204-12. Diab M, Hresko MT, Millis MB. PMID: 15552159.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Osseous fragility in Marshall-Smith syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2003 Jun 01; 119A(2):218-22. Diab M, Raff M, Gunther DF. PMID: 12749068.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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