Philip Starr, MD, PhD

Title(s)Professor, Neurological Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address513 Parnassus Avenue, HSE, #813
San Francisco CA 94143
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Harvard UniversityM.D.1989School of Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2019Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    2013finalist, Israeli B.R.A.I.N. prize in neurotechnology
    2005Dolores Cakebread Endowed Chair in Neurological Surgery

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Starr is Professor of Neurological Surgery and holds the Dolores Cakebread Endowed Chair in Neurological Surgery. His clinical interests are in functional neurosurgery, especially in the use of implanted devices to improve brain function. He is co-director, with Dr. Jill Ostrem, of the UCSF Surgical Movement Disorders clinic, a multidisciplinary clinic serving a large population of patients with Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and tremor. In 2013, this clinic was designated as a Bachman-Strauss Center of Excellence in the treatment of movement disorders, one of four such Centers of Excellence in the United States. Dr. Starr directs an NIH-funded laboratory devoted to analyzing how movement disorders affect the network function of the brain, understanding the central mechanisms of therapeutic neurostimulation, and improving the effectiveness of neurostimulion.

    Dr. Starr and colleagues pioneered the use of electrocorticography (direct brain recording using an implanted cortical electrode) as a tool to understand Parkinson’s disease and dystonia. In 2013, this effort culminated in the first implant of a chronic multi-site (cortex and basal ganglia) brain recording device in a patient with Parkinson’s disease, as part of a ten patient study of a novel, totally implantable bidirectional neural interface. With Dr. Paul Larson and Dr. Alastair Martin, he has developed a new approach to improve the accuracy of delivery of devices and drugs to deep brain targets using interventional MRI, in conjunction with a skull mounted aiming device and a dedicated software system (Clearpoint system, MRI interventions).

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Accelerating Dissemination of Implantable Neurotechnology for Clinical Research
    NIH U24NS113637Aug 15, 2020 - Jun 30, 2025
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Fabrication and testing of next generation cortical paddle leads for bidirectional neural interfaces
    NIH R21MH120810Sep 10, 2019 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Technology development for closed-loop deep brain stimulation to treat refractory neuropathic pain
    NIH UH3NS109556Jul 1, 2019 - Jun 30, 2024
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Closed loop deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease
    NIH UH3NS100544Sep 30, 2016 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The motor network in Parkinson's disease: Mechanisms of therapy
    NIH R01NS090913Sep 30, 2014 - Mar 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cortical and basal ganglia local field potentials in human movement disorders
    NIH R56NS069779May 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cortical and basal ganglia local field potentials in human movement disorders
    NIH R01NS069779May 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pallidal Physiology in Human and Primate Dystonia
    NIH K08NS002201Sep 30, 2000 - Aug 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR002635Dec 1, 1984 - Mar 31, 2010
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Featured Content 
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. A spinal cord neuroprosthesis for locomotor deficits due to Parkinson's disease. Nat Med. 2023 Nov 06. Milekovic T, Moraud EM, Macellari N, Moerman C, Raschellà F, Sun S, Perich MG, Varescon C, Demesmaeker R, Bruel A, Bole-Feysot LN, Schiavone G, Pirondini E, YunLong C, Hao L, Galvez A, Hernandez-Charpak SD, Dumont G, Ravier J, Le Goff-Mignardot CG, Mignardot JB, Carparelli G, Harte C, Hankov N, Aureli V, Watrin A, Lambert H, Borton D, Laurens J, Vollenweider I, Borgognon S, Bourre F, Goillandeau M, Ko WKD, Petit L, Li Q, Buschman R, Buse N, Yaroshinsky M, Ledoux JB, Becce F, Jimenez MC, Bally JF, Denison T, Guehl D, Ijspeert A, Capogrosso M, Squair JW, Asboth L, Starr PA, Wang DD, Lacour SP, Micera S, Qin C, Bloch J, Bezard E, Courtine G. PMID: 37932548.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Sub-harmonic entrainment of cortical gamma oscillations to deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease: Model based predictions and validation in three human subjects. Brain Stimul. 2023 Sep-Oct; 16(5):1412-1424. Sermon JJ, Olaru M, Ansó J, Cernera S, Little S, Shcherbakova M, Bogacz R, Starr PA, Denison T, Duchet B. PMID: 37683763.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Mapping Dysfunctional Circuits in the Frontal Cortex Using Deep Brain Stimulation. medRxiv. 2023 Aug 25. Hollunder B, Ostrem JL, Sahin IA, Rajamani N, Oxenford S, Butenko K, Neudorfer C, Reinhardt P, Zvarova P, Polosan M, Akram H, Vissani M, Zhang C, Sun B, Navratil P, Reich MM, Volkmann J, Yeh FC, Baldermann JC, Dembek TA, Visser-Vandewalle V, Alho EJL, Franceschini PR, Nanda P, Finke C, Kuehn AA, Dougherty DD, Richardson RM, Bergman H, DeLong MR, Mazzoni A, Romito LM, Tyagi H, Zrinzo L, Joyce EM, Chabardes S, Starr PA, Li N, Horn A. PMID: 36945497; PMCID: PMC10029043.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. Human upper extremity motor cortex activity shows distinct oscillatory signatures for stereotyped arm and leg movements. Front Hum Neurosci. 2023; 17:1212963. Starkweather CK, Morrison MA, Yaroshinsky M, Louie K, Balakid J, Presbrey K, Starr PA, Wang DD. PMID: 37635808; PMCID: PMC10449648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    5. Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation for sleep stage targeting in Parkinson's disease. Brain Stimul. 2023 Sep-Oct; 16(5):1292-1296. Smyth C, Anjum MF, Ravi S, Denison T, Starr P, Little S. PMID: 37567463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Personalized chronic adaptive deep brain stimulation outperforms conventional stimulation in Parkinson's disease. medRxiv. 2023 Aug 08. Oehrn CR, Cernera S, Hammer LH, Shcherbakova M, Yao J, Hahn A, Wang S, Ostrem JL, Little S, Starr PA. PMID: 37649907; PMCID: PMC10463549.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    7. Participant perceptions of changes in psychosocial domains following participation in an adaptive deep brain stimulation trial. Brain Stimul. 2023 Jul-Aug; 16(4):990-998. Merner AR, Kostick-Quenet K, Campbell TA, Pham MT, Sanchez CE, Torgerson L, Robinson J, Pereira S, Outram S, Koenig BA, Starr PA, Gunduz A, Foote KD, Okun MS, Goodman W, McGuire AL, Zuk P, Lázaro-Muñoz G. PMID: 37330169; PMCID: PMC10529988.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    8. First-in-human prediction of chronic pain state using intracranial neural biomarkers. Nat Neurosci. 2023 06; 26(6):1090-1099. Shirvalkar P, Prosky J, Chin G, Ahmadipour P, Sani OG, Desai M, Schmitgen A, Dawes H, Shanechi MM, Starr PA, Chang EF. PMID: 37217725; PMCID: PMC10330878.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Cerebellar Deep Brain Stimulation in Cerebral Palsy: Promising Early Results and a Look Forward to a Larger Clinical Trial. World Neurosurg. 2023 Jun; 174:223-224. Cajigas I, Morrison MA, San Luciano M, Starr P. PMID: 36940804.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Advances in Technical Aspects of Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2023; 101(2):112-134. Schulder M, Mishra A, Mammis A, Horn A, Boutet A, Blomstedt P, Chabardes S, Flouty O, Lozano AM, Neimat JS, Ponce F, Starr PA, Krauss JK, Hariz M, Chang JW. PMID: 36809747; PMCID: PMC10184879.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Cerebellar deep brain stimulation for the treatment of movement disorders in cerebral palsy. J Neurosurg. 2023 09 01; 139(3):605-614. Cajigas I, Morrison MA, Luciano MS, Starr PA. PMID: 36789999.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Cortico-Subthalamic Field Potentials Support Classification of the Natural Gait Cycle in Parkinson's Disease and Reveal Individualized Spectral Signatures. eNeuro. 2022 Nov-Dec; 9(6). Louie KH, Gilron R, Yaroshinsky MS, Morrison MA, Choi J, de Hemptinne C, Little S, Starr PA, Wang DD. PMID: 36270803; PMCID: PMC9663205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Targeting Accuracy and Clinical Outcomes of Awake versus Asleep Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Guided Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease: The University of California, San Francisco Experience. Neurosurgery. 2022 11 01; 91(5):717-725. Lee AT, Han KJ, Nichols N, Sudhakar VR, Burke JF, Wozny TA, Chung JE, Volz MM, Ostrem JL, Martin AJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Wang DD. PMID: 36069560.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Post-trial access in implanted neural device research: Device maintenance, abandonment, and cost. Brain Stimul. 2022 Sep-Oct; 15(5):1029-1036. Lázaro-Muñoz G, Pham MT, Muñoz KA, Kostick-Quenet K, Sanchez CE, Torgerson L, Robinson J, Pereira S, Outram S, Koenig BA, Starr PA, Gunduz A, Foote KD, Okun MS, Goodman W, McGuire AL, Zuk P. PMID: 35926784; PMCID: PMC9588741.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    15. Concurrent stimulation and sensing in bi-directional brain interfaces: a multi-site translational experience. J Neural Eng. 2022 03 31; 19(2). Ansó J, Benjaber M, Parks B, Parker S, Oehrn CR, Petrucci M, Gilron R, Little S, Wilt R, Bronte-Stewart H, Gunduz A, Borton D, Starr PA, Denison T. PMID: 35234664; PMCID: PMC9095704.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Embedding digital chronotherapy into bioelectronic medicines. iScience. 2022 Apr 15; 25(4):104028. Fleming JE, Kremen V, Gilron R, Gregg NM, Zamora M, Dijk DJ, Starr PA, Worrell GA, Little S, Denison TJ. PMID: 35313697; PMCID: PMC8933700.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    17. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Pain, Interventional Psychiatry, Epilepsy, and Traumatic Brain Injury. Front Hum Neurosci. 2022; 16:813387. Wong JK, Deuschl G, Wolke R, Bergman H, Muthuraman M, Groppa S, Sheth SA, Bronte-Stewart HM, Wilkins KB, Petrucci MN, Lambert E, Kehnemouyi Y, Starr PA, Little S, Anso J, Gilron R, Poree L, Kalamangalam GP, Worrell GA, Miller KJ, Schiff ND, Butson CR, Henderson JM, Judy JW, Ramirez-Zamora A, Foote KD, Silburn PA, Li L, Oyama G, Kamo H, Sekimoto S, Hattori N, Giordano JJ, DiEuliis D, Shook JR, Doughtery DD, Widge AS, Mayberg HS, Cha J, Choi K, Heisig S, Obatusin M, Opri E, Kaufman SB, Shirvalkar P, Rozell CJ, Alagapan S, Raike RS, Bokil H, Green D, Okun MS. PMID: 35308605; PMCID: PMC8931265.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  
    18. Artifact Characterization and a Multipurpose Template-Based Offline Removal Solution for a Sensing-Enabled Deep Brain Stimulation Device. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2022; 100(3):168-183. Hammer LH, Kochanski RB, Starr PA, Little S. PMID: 35130555; PMCID: PMC9064887.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Practical Closed-Loop Strategies for Deep Brain Stimulation: Lessons From Chronic Pain. Front Neurosci. 2021; 15:762097. Prosky J, Cagle J, Sellers KK, Gilron R, de Hemptinne C, Schmitgen A, Starr PA, Chang EF, Shirvalkar P. PMID: 34975374; PMCID: PMC8716790.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    20. Rapid Dynamic Naturalistic Monitoring of Bradykinesia in Parkinson's Disease Using a Wrist-Worn Accelerometer. Sensors (Basel). 2021 Nov 26; 21(23). Habets JGV, Herff C, Kubben PL, Kuijf ML, Temel Y, Evers LJW, Bloem BR, Starr PA, Gilron R, Little S. PMID: 34883886; PMCID: PMC8659489.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Use of Topical Vancomycin Powder to Reduce Surgical Site Infections after Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery: UCSF Experience and Meta-Analysis. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2022; 100(2):130-139. Kondapavulur S, Burke JF, Volz M, Wang DD, Starr PA. PMID: 34839296; PMCID: PMC8917085.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Prefrontal Physiomarkers of Anxiety and Depression in Parkinson's Disease. Front Neurosci. 2021; 15:748165. de Hemptinne C, Chen W, Racine CA, Seritan AL, Miller AM, Yaroshinsky MS, Wang SS, Gilron R, Little S, Bledsoe I, San Luciano M, Katz M, Chang EF, Dawes HE, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 34744613; PMCID: PMC8568318.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    23. Sleep-Aware Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation Control: Chronic Use at Home With Dual Independent Linear Discriminate Detectors. Front Neurosci. 2021; 15:732499. Gilron R, Little S, Wilt R, Perrone R, Anso J, Starr PA. PMID: 34733132; PMCID: PMC8558614.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9  
    24. Patient, Caregiver, and Decliner Perspectives on Whether to Enroll in Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation Research. Front Neurosci. 2021; 15:734182. Outram S, Muñoz KA, Kostick-Quenet K, Sanchez CE, Kalwani L, Lavingia R, Torgerson L, Sierra-Mercado D, Robinson JO, Pereira S, Koenig BA, Starr PA, Gunduz A, Foote KD, Okun MS, Goodman WK, McGuire AL, Zuk P, Lázaro-Muñoz G. PMID: 34690676; PMCID: PMC8529029.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    25. Closed-loop neuromodulation in an individual with treatment-resistant depression. Nat Med. 2021 10; 27(10):1696-1700. Scangos KW, Khambhati AN, Daly PM, Makhoul GS, Sugrue LP, Zamanian H, Liu TX, Rao VR, Sellers KK, Dawes HE, Starr PA, Krystal AD, Chang EF. PMID: 34608328.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 72     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Corrigendum: Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Optogenetics, Ethical Issues Affecting DBS Research, Neuromodulatory Approaches for Depression, Adaptive Neurostimulation, and Emerging DBS Technologies. Front Hum Neurosci. 2021; 15:765150. Vedam-Mai V, Deisseroth K, Giordano J, Lazaro-Munoz G, Chiong W, Suthana N, Langevin JP, Gill J, Goodman W, Provenza NR, Halpern CH, Shivacharan RS, Cunningham TN, Sheth SA, Pouratian N, Scangos KW, Mayberg HS, Horn A, Johnson KA, Butson CR, Gilron R, de Hemptinne C, Wilt R, Yaroshinsky M, Little S, Starr P, Worrell G, Shirvalkar P, Chang E, Volkmann J, Muthuraman M, Groppa S, Kühn AA, Li L, Johnson M, Otto KJ, Raike R, Goetz S, Wu C, Silburn P, Cheeran B, Pathak YJ, Malekmohammadi M, Gunduz A, Wong JK, Cernera S, Hu W, Wagle Shukla A, Ramirez-Zamora A, Deeb W, Patterson A, Foote KD, Okun MS. PMID: 34658825; PMCID: PMC8517517.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2  
    27. The sensitivity of ECG contamination to surgical implantation site in brain computer interfaces. Brain Stimul. 2021 Sep-Oct; 14(5):1301-1306. Neumann WJ, Memarian Sorkhabi M, Benjaber M, Feldmann LK, Saryyeva A, Krauss JK, Contarino MF, Sieger T, Jech R, Tinkhauser G, Pollo C, Palmisano C, Isaias IU, Cummins DD, Little SJ, Starr PA, Kokkinos V, Gerd-Helge S, Herrington T, Brown P, Richardson RM, Kühn AA, Denison T. PMID: 34428554; PMCID: PMC8460992.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. A Clinically Interpretable Computer-Vision Based Method for Quantifying Gait in Parkinson's Disease. Sensors (Basel). 2021 Aug 12; 21(16). Rupprechter S, Morinan G, Peng Y, Foltynie T, Sibley K, Weil RS, Leyland LA, Baig F, Morgante F, Gilron R, Wilt R, Starr P, Hauser RA, O'Keeffe J. PMID: 34450879; PMCID: PMC8399017.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Chronic Sensing of Subthalamic Local Field Potentials: Comparison of First and Second Generation Implantable Bidirectional Systems Within a Single Subject. Front Neurosci. 2021; 15:725797. Cummins DD, Kochanski RB, Gilron R, Swann NC, Little S, Hammer LH, Starr PA. PMID: 34447294; PMCID: PMC8382799.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10  
    30. Embedded adaptive deep brain stimulation for cervical dystonia controlled by motor cortex theta oscillations. Exp Neurol. 2021 11; 345:113825. Johnson V, Wilt R, Gilron R, Anso J, Perrone R, Beudel M, Piña-Fuentes D, Saal J, Ostrem JL, Bledsoe I, Starr P, Little S. PMID: 34331900.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Analysis-rcs-data: Open-Source Toolbox for the Ingestion, Time-Alignment, and Visualization of Sense and Stimulation Data From the Medtronic Summit RC+S System. Front Hum Neurosci. 2021; 15:714256. Sellers KK, Gilron R, Anso J, Louie KH, Shirvalkar PR, Chang EF, Little SJ, Starr PA. PMID: 34322004; PMCID: PMC8312257.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6  
    32. Elevated Mood States in Patients With Parkinson's Disease Treated With Deep Brain Stimulation: Diagnosis and Management Strategies. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2021; 33(4):314-320. Seritan AL, Spiegel LL, Weinstein JL, Racine CA, Brown EG, Volz M, de Hemptinne C, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 34213980.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Uncovering biomarkers during therapeutic neuromodulation with PARRM: Period-based Artifact Reconstruction and Removal Method. Cell Rep Methods. 2021 06 21; 1(2). Dastin-van Rijn EM, Provenza NR, Calvert JS, Gilron R, Allawala AB, Darie R, Syed S, Matteson E, Vogt GS, Avendano-Ortega M, Vasquez AC, Ramakrishnan N, Oswalt DN, Bijanki KR, Wilt R, Starr PA, Sheth SA, Goodman WK, Harrison MT, Borton DA. PMID: 34532716; PMCID: PMC8443190.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8  Translation:HumansAnimals
    34. Musical Hallucinations in Chronic Pain: The Anterior Cingulate Cortex Regulates Internally Generated Percepts. Front Neurol. 2021; 12:669172. Schmitgen A, Saal J, Sankaran N, Desai M, Joseph I, Starr P, Chang EF, Shirvalkar P. PMID: 34017308; PMCID: PMC8129573.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    35. Long-term wireless streaming of neural recordings for circuit discovery and adaptive stimulation in individuals with Parkinson's disease. Nat Biotechnol. 2021 09; 39(9):1078-1085. Gilron R, Little S, Perrone R, Wilt R, de Hemptinne C, Yaroshinsky MS, Racine CA, Wang SS, Ostrem JL, Larson PS, Wang DD, Galifianakis NB, Bledsoe IO, San Luciano M, Dawes HE, Worrell GA, Kremen V, Borton DA, Denison T, Starr PA. PMID: 33941932; PMCID: PMC8434942.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Are preoperative chlorhexidine gluconate showers associated with a reduction in surgical site infection following craniotomy? A retrospective cohort analysis of 3126 surgical procedures. J Neurosurg. 2021 Apr 30; 135(6):1889-1897. Ammanuel SG, Edwards CS, Chan AK, Mummaneni PV, Kidane J, Vargas E, D'Souza S, Nichols AD, Sankaran S, Abla AA, Aghi MK, Chang EF, Hervey-Jumper SL, Kunwar S, Larson PS, Lawton MT, Starr PA, Theodosopoulos PV, Berger MS, McDermott MW. PMID: 33930864; PMCID: PMC9448162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    37. Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Optogenetics, Ethical Issues Affecting DBS Research, Neuromodulatory Approaches for Depression, Adaptive Neurostimulation, and Emerging DBS Technologies. Front Hum Neurosci. 2021; 15:644593. Vedam-Mai V, Deisseroth K, Giordano J, Lazaro-Munoz G, Chiong W, Suthana N, Langevin JP, Gill J, Goodman W, Provenza NR, Halpern CH, Shivacharan RS, Cunningham TN, Sheth SA, Pouratian N, Scangos KW, Mayberg HS, Horn A, Johnson KA, Butson CR, Gilron R, de Hemptinne C, Wilt R, Yaroshinsky M, Little S, Starr P, Worrell G, Shirvalkar P, Chang E, Volkmann J, Muthuraman M, Groppa S, Kühn AA, Li L, Johnson M, Otto KJ, Raike R, Goetz S, Wu C, Silburn P, Cheeran B, Pathak YJ, Malekmohammadi M, Gunduz A, Wong JK, Cernera S, Hu W, Wagle Shukla A, Ramirez-Zamora A, Deeb W, Patterson A, Foote KD, Okun MS. PMID: 33953663; PMCID: PMC8092047.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16  
    38. The Neurophysiology of Sleep in Parkinson's Disease. Mov Disord. 2021 07; 36(7):1526-1542. Zahed H, Zuzuarregui JRP, Gilron R, Denison T, Starr PA, Little S. PMID: 33826171.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Image-based biophysical modeling predicts cortical potentials evoked with subthalamic deep brain stimulation. Brain Stimul. 2021 May-Jun; 14(3):549-563. Howell B, Isbaine F, Willie JT, Opri E, Gross RE, De Hemptinne C, Starr PA, McIntyre CC, Miocinovic S. PMID: 33757931; PMCID: PMC8164987.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. A space-time continuum in DBS: structural and functional advances in Parkinson's disease. Brain. 2021 03 03; 144(2):357-359. Starr P, Little S. PMID: 33693692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. NeuroDAC: an open-source arbitrary biosignal waveform generator. J Neural Eng. 2021 02 05; 18(1). Powell MP, Anso J, Gilron R, Provenza NR, Allawala AB, Sliva DD, Bijanki KR, Oswalt D, Adkinson J, Pouratian N, Sheth SA, Goodman WK, Jones SR, Starr PA, Borton DA. PMID: 33152715; PMCID: PMC8096859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    42. CT and MRI Image Fusion Error: An Analysis of Co-Registration Error Using Commercially Available Deep Brain Stimulation Surgical Planning Software. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2021; 99(3):196-202. Burke JF, Tanzillo D, Starr PA, Lim DA, Larson PS. PMID: 33535219.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. A Qualitative Analysis of Ethical Perspectives on Recruitment and Consent for Human Intracranial Electrophysiology Studies. AJOB Neurosci. 2021 01; 12(1):57-67. Mergenthaler JV, Chiong W, Dohan D, Feler J, Lechner CR, Starr PA, Arias JJ. PMID: 33528320; PMCID: PMC8168380.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for acquired dystonia in children and young adults: a phase 1 clinical trial. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2020 Nov 27; 27(2):203-212. San Luciano M, Robichaux-Viehoever A, Dodenhoff KA, Gittings ML, Viser AC, Racine CA, Bledsoe IO, Watson Pereira C, Wang SS, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 33254134; PMCID: PMC8155109.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    45. Developing Collaborative Platforms to Advance Neurotechnology and Its Translation. Neuron. 2020 10 28; 108(2):286-301. Borton DA, Dawes HE, Worrell GA, Starr PA, Denison TJ. PMID: 33120024; PMCID: PMC7610607.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. A Deep Brain Stimulation Trial Period for Treating Chronic Pain. J Clin Med. 2020 Sep 29; 9(10). Shirvalkar P, Sellers KK, Schmitgen A, Prosky J, Joseph I, Starr PA, Chang EF. PMID: 33003443; PMCID: PMC7600449.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5  
    47. Eight cylindrical contact lead recordings in the subthalamic region localize beta oscillations source to the dorsal STN. Neurobiol Dis. 2020 12; 146:105090. Tamir I, Wang D, Chen W, Ostrem JL, Starr PA, de Hemptinne C. PMID: 32977021.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Studies of deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease. Lancet Neurol. 2020 10; 19(10):807-808. Vitek JL, Starr PA. PMID: 32949537.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Intraoperative Stereotactic Frame Registration Using a Three-Dimensional Imaging System with and without Preoperative Computed Tomography for Image Fusion. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2020; 98(5):313-318. Spatz JM, Conner AK, Young JS, Starr PA. PMID: 32818947.
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    50. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation with a multiple independent constant current-controlled device in Parkinson's disease (INTREPID): a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled study. Lancet Neurol. 2020 06; 19(6):491-501. Vitek JL, Jain R, Chen L, Tröster AI, Schrock LE, House PA, Giroux ML, Hebb AO, Farris SM, Whiting DM, Leichliter TA, Ostrem JL, San Luciano M, Galifianakis N, Verhagen Metman L, Sani S, Karl JA, Siddiqui MS, Tatter SB, Ul Haq I, Machado AG, Gostkowski M, Tagliati M, Mamelak AN, Okun MS, Foote KD, Moguel-Cobos G, Ponce FA, Pahwa R, Nazzaro JM, Buetefisch CM, Gross RE, Luca CC, Jagid JR, Revuelta GJ, Takacs I, Pourfar MH, Mogilner AY, Duker AP, Mandybur GT, Rosenow JM, Cooper SE, Park MC, Khandhar SM, Sedrak M, Phibbs FT, Pilitsis JG, Uitti RJ, Starr PA. PMID: 32470421.
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    51. Simultaneous cortical and subcortical recordings in humans with movement disorders: Acute and chronic paradigms. Neuroimage. 2020 08 15; 217:116904. Wozny TA, Wang DD, Starr PA. PMID: 32387742.
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    52. Phenomenology and Management of Subthalamic Stimulation-Induced Dyskinesia in Patients With Isolated Dystonia. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2020 Jul; 7(5):548-551. Bledsoe IO, Dodenhoff KA, San Luciano M, Volz MM, Starr PA, Markun LC, Ostrem JL. PMID: 32626800; PMCID: PMC7328432.
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    53. Prefrontal-Subthalamic Hyperdirect Pathway Modulates Movement Inhibition in Humans. Neuron. 2020 05 20; 106(4):579-588.e3. Chen W, de Hemptinne C, Miller AM, Leibbrand M, Little SJ, Lim DA, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 32155442; PMCID: PMC7274135.
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    54. Defining research priorities in dystonia. Neurology. 2020 03 24; 94(12):526-537. Lungu C, Ozelius L, Standaert D, Hallett M, Sieber BA, Swanson-Fisher C, Berman BD, Calakos N, Moore JC, Perlmutter JS, Pirio Richardson SE, Saunders-Pullman R, Scheinfeldt L, Sharma N, Sillitoe R, Simonyan K, Starr PA, Taylor A, Vitek J, participants and organizers of the NINDS Workshop on Research Priorities in Dystonia. PMID: 32098856; PMCID: PMC7274927.
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    55. Cerebellar Deep Brain Stimulation for Acquired Hemidystonia. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2020 Feb; 7(2):188-193. Brown EG, Bledsoe IO, Luthra NS, Miocinovic S, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 32071938; PMCID: PMC7011833.
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    56. Smart neuromodulation in movement disorders. Handb Clin Neurol. 2020; 168:153-161. Mitchell KT, Starr PA. PMID: 32164850.
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    57. Beta Oscillations in Working Memory, Executive Control of Movement and Thought, and Sensorimotor Function. J Neurosci. 2019 10 16; 39(42):8231-8238. Schmidt R, Herrojo Ruiz M, Kilavik BE, Lundqvist M, Starr PA, Aron AR. PMID: 31619492; PMCID: PMC6794925.
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    58. Proceedings of the Sixth Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank Modulation of Brain Networks and Application of Advanced Neuroimaging, Neurophysiology, and Optogenetics. Front Neurosci. 2019; 13:936. Ramirez-Zamora A, Giordano J, Boyden ES, Gradinaru V, Gunduz A, Starr PA, Sheth SA, McIntyre CC, Fox MD, Vitek J, Vedam-Mai V, Akbar U, Almeida L, Bronte-Stewart HM, Mayberg HS, Pouratian N, Gittis AH, Singer AC, Creed MC, Lazaro-Munoz G, Richardson M, Rossi MA, Cendejas-Zaragoza L, D'Haese PF, Chiong W, Gilron R, Chizeck H, Ko A, Baker KB, Wagenaar J, Harel N, Deeb W, Foote KD, Okun MS. PMID: 31572109; PMCID: PMC6751331.
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    59. Washout of chronic therapeutic deep brain stimulation increases cortical phase-amplitude coupling. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2019 09; 66:269-271. Rajagopalan SS, Miller AM, de Hemptinne C, San Luciano M, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 31477410; PMCID: PMC7376959.
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    60. Altered Prefrontal Theta and Gamma Activity during an Emotional Face Processing Task in Parkinson Disease. J Cogn Neurosci. 2019 11; 31(11):1768-1776. Chen W, de Hemptinne C, Leibbrand M, Miller AM, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 31322465.
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    61. Patient Experience with Rechargeable Implantable Pulse Generator Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2019; 97(2):113-119. Mitchell KT, Volz M, Lee A, San Luciano M, Wang S, Starr PA, Larson P, Galifianakis NB, Ostrem JL. PMID: 31288242; PMCID: PMC6689445.
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    62. Adding wisdom to 'smart' bioelectronic systems: a design framework for physiologic control including practical examples. Bioelectron Med (Lond). 2019 Mar; 2(1):29-41. Gunduz A, Opri E, Gilron R, Kremen V, Worrell G, Starr P, Leyde K, Denison T. PMID: 33868718; PMCID: PMC7610621.
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    63. Effect of levodopa on electroencephalographic biomarkers of the parkinsonian state. J Neurophysiol. 2019 07 01; 122(1):290-299. Miller AM, Miocinovic S, Swann NC, Rajagopalan SS, Darevsky DM, Gilron R, de Hemptinne C, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 31066605; PMCID: PMC6689788.
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    64. Pallidal thermolesion unleashes gamma oscillations in the motor cortex in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2019 06; 34(6):903-911. de Hemptinne C, Wang DD, Miocinovic S, Chen W, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 30868646.
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    65. Long-Term Outcomes of Bilateral Pallidal Deep Brain Stimulation for X-Linked Dystonia and Parkinsonism. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2018; 96(5):320-326. Kilbane C, Witt J, Galifianakis NB, Glass GA, Volz M, Heath S, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 30481788.
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    66. Surgical management of camptocormia in Parkinson's disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurosurg. 2018 09 14; 131(2):368-375. Chan AK, Chan AY, Lau D, Durcanova B, Miller CA, Larson PS, Starr PA, Mummaneni PV. PMID: 30215560.
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    67. Cortical Potentials Evoked by Subthalamic Stimulation Demonstrate a Short Latency Hyperdirect Pathway in Humans. J Neurosci. 2018 10 24; 38(43):9129-9141. Miocinovic S, de Hemptinne C, Chen W, Isbaine F, Willie JT, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 30201770; PMCID: PMC6199405.
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    68. Totally Implantable Bidirectional Neural Prostheses: A Flexible Platform for Innovation in Neuromodulation. Front Neurosci. 2018; 12:619. Starr PA. PMID: 30245616; PMCID: PMC6137308.
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    69. Benefits and risks of unilateral and bilateral ventral intermediate nucleus deep brain stimulation for axial essential tremor symptoms. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2019 03; 60:126-132. Mitchell KT, Larson P, Starr PA, Okun MS, Wharen RE, Uitti RJ, Guthrie BL, Peichel D, Pahwa R, Walker HC, Foote K, Marshall FJ, Jankovic J, Simpson R, Phibbs F, Neimat JS, Stewart RM, Dashtipour K, Ostrem JL. PMID: 30220556.
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    70. Adaptive deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease using motor cortex sensing. J Neural Eng. 2018 08; 15(4):046006. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Thompson MC, Miocinovic S, Miller AM, Gilron R, Ostrem JL, Chizeck HJ, Starr PA. PMID: 29741160; PMCID: PMC6021210.
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    71. Pallidal Deep-Brain Stimulation Disrupts Pallidal Beta Oscillations and Coherence with Primary Motor Cortex in Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2018 05 09; 38(19):4556-4568. Wang DD, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, San Luciano M, Starr PA. PMID: 29661966; PMCID: PMC5943981.
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    72. Venous Thromboembolism during Interventional MRI-Guided Stereotactic Surgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2018; 96(1):40-45. Kundishora AJ, Englot DJ, Starr PA, Martin AJ, Larson PS. PMID: 29495014; PMCID: PMC5949870.
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    73. Laser ablative therapy of sessile hypothalamic hamartomas in children using interventional MRI: report of 5 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 05; 21(5):460-465. Southwell DG, Birk HS, Larson PS, Starr PA, Sugrue LP, Auguste KI. PMID: 29451455.
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    74. Evolving Applications, Technological Challenges and Future Opportunities in Neuromodulation: Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank. Front Neurosci. 2017; 11:734. Ramirez-Zamora A, Giordano JJ, Gunduz A, Brown P, Sanchez JC, Foote KD, Almeida L, Starr PA, Bronte-Stewart HM, Hu W, McIntyre C, Goodman W, Kumsa D, Grill WM, Walker HC, Johnson MD, Vitek JL, Greene D, Rizzuto DS, Song D, Berger TW, Hampson RE, Deadwyler SA, Hochberg LR, Schiff ND, Stypulkowski P, Worrell G, Tiruvadi V, Mayberg HS, Jimenez-Shahed J, Nanda P, Sheth SA, Gross RE, Lempka SF, Li L, Deeb W, Okun MS. PMID: 29416498; PMCID: PMC5787550.
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    76. Deep Brain Stimulation: Interventional and Intraoperative MRI Approaches. Prog Neurol Surg. 2018; 33:187-197. Larson PS, Starr PA, Martin AJ. PMID: 29332083.
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    77. Before and after the veterans affairs cooperative program 468 study: Deep brain stimulator target selection for treatment of Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2018 03; 48:40-44. Southwell DG, Rutkowski MJ, San Luciano M, Racine C, Ostrem J, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 29249683.
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    78. Chronic deep brain stimulation normalizes scalp EEG activity in isolated dystonia. Clin Neurophysiol. 2018 02; 129(2):368-376. Miocinovic S, Miller A, Swann NC, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 29288993.
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    79. Hemorrhage Detection and Incidence during Magnetic Resonance-Guided Deep Brain Stimulator Implantations. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2017; 95(5):307-314. Martin AJ, Starr PA, Ostrem JL, Larson PS. PMID: 28889128.
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    80. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for orthostatic tremor: A multicenter international registry. Mov Disord. 2017 Aug; 32(8):1240-1244. Merola A, Fasano A, Hassan A, Ostrem JL, Contarino MF, Lyons M, Krauss JK, Wolf ME, Klassen BT, van Rootselaar AF, Regidor I, Duker AP, Ondo W, Guridi J, Volkmann J, Wagle Shukla A, Mandybur GT, Okun MS, Witt K, Starr PA, Deuschl G, Espay AJ. PMID: 28631862.
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    81. Nonsinusoidal Beta Oscillations Reflect Cortical Pathophysiology in Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2017 05 03; 37(18):4830-4840. Cole SR, van der Meij R, Peterson EJ, de Hemptinne C, Starr PA, Voytek B. PMID: 28416595; PMCID: PMC5426572.
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    82. Parkinson's disease patient preference and experience with various methods of DBS lead placement. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2017 Aug; 41:25-30. LaHue SC, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, San Luciano M, Ziman N, Wang S, Racine CA, Starr PA, Larson PS, Katz M. PMID: 28615151.
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    83. Chronic multisite brain recordings from a totally implantable bidirectional neural interface: experience in 5 patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurosurg. 2018 02; 128(2):605-616. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Qasim S, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Luciano MS, Wang SS, Ziman N, Taylor R, Starr PA. PMID: 28409730; PMCID: PMC5641233.
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    84. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in isolated dystonia: A 3-year follow-up study. Neurology. 2017 Jan 03; 88(1):25-35. Ostrem JL, San Luciano M, Dodenhoff KA, Ziman N, Markun LC, Racine CA, de Hemptinne C, Volz MM, Heath SL, Starr PA. PMID: 27903810.
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    85. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: A Review of Emerging Issues and Technologies. Front Integr Neurosci. 2016; 10:38. Deeb W, Giordano JJ, Rossi PJ, Mogilner AY, Gunduz A, Judy JW, Klassen BT, Butson CR, Van Horne C, Deny D, Dougherty DD, Rowell D, Gerhardt GA, Smith GS, Ponce FA, Walker HC, Bronte-Stewart HM, Mayberg HS, Chizeck HJ, Langevin JP, Volkmann J, Ostrem JL, Shute JB, Jimenez-Shahed J, Foote KD, Wagle Shukla A, Rossi MA, Oh M, Pourfar M, Rosenberg PB, Silburn PA, de Hemptine C, Starr PA, Denison T, Akbar U, Grill WM, Okun MS. PMID: 27920671; PMCID: PMC5119052.
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    86. Proceedings of the Eighth International Workshop on Advances in Electrocorticography. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 11; 64(Pt A):248-252. Ritaccio AL, Williams J, Denison T, Foster BL, Starr PA, Gunduz A, Zijlmans M, Schalk G. PMID: 27780085; PMCID: PMC5323263.
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    87. An unexpectedly high rate of revisions and removals in deep brain stimulation surgery: Analysis of multiple databases. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2016 12; 33:72-77. Rolston JD, Englot DJ, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 27645504; PMCID: PMC5240785.
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    88. Neurofeedback Control in Parkinsonian Patients Using Electrocorticography Signals Accessed Wirelessly With a Chronic, Fully Implanted Device. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2017 10; 25(10):1715-1724. Khanna P, Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Miller A, Starr PA, Carmena JM. PMID: 28113590; PMCID: PMC5745199.
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    89. Gamma Oscillations in the Hyperkinetic State Detected with Chronic Human Brain Recordings in Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2016 06 15; 36(24):6445-58. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Qasim S, Wang SS, Ziman N, Ostrem JL, San Luciano M, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA. PMID: 27307233; PMCID: PMC5015781.
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    90. Comparison of Deep Brain Stimulation Lead Targeting Accuracy and Procedure Duration between 1.5- and 3-Tesla Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems: An Initial 12-Month Experience. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2016; 94(2):102-7. Southwell DG, Narvid JA, Martin AJ, Qasim SE, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 27093443.
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    91. Deep brain stimulator implantation in a diagnostic MRI suite: infection history over a 10-year period. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jan; 126(1):108-113. Martin AJ, Larson PS, Ziman N, Levesque N, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 27015399.
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    92. Bilateral Ventral Intermediate Nucleus Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation in Orthostatic Tremor. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2016; 94(2):69-74. Coleman RR, Starr PA, Katz M, Glass GA, Volz M, Khandhar SM, Ostrem JL. PMID: 27002536.
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    93. Pregnancy in a Series of Dystonia Patients Treated with Deep Brain Stimulation: Outcomes and Management Recommendations. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2016; 94(1):60-5. Ziman N, Coleman RR, Starr PA, Volz M, Marks WJ, Walker HC, Guthrie SL, Ostrem JL. PMID: 26977859.
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    94. Intraoperative electrocorticography for physiological research in movement disorders: principles and experience in 200 cases. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jan; 126(1):122-131. Panov F, Levin E, de Hemptinne C, Swann NC, Qasim S, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26918474; PMCID: PMC5001942.
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    95. Subthalamic local field potentials in Parkinson's disease and isolated dystonia: An evaluation of potential biomarkers. Neurobiol Dis. 2016 May; 89:213-22. Wang DD, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Qasim SE, Miller AM, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, San Luciano M, Starr PA. PMID: 26884091; PMCID: PMC4790450.
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    96. Effective Interventional Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Laser Ablations in a Parkinson's Disease Patient with Refractory Tremor. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2016 May-Jun; 3(3):312-314. San Luciano M, Katz M, Ostrem J, Martin A, Starr P, Ziman N, Larson P. PMID: 30713924; PMCID: PMC6353372.
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    98. Correspondence related to published material title "Deep brain stimulation may reduce the relative risk of clinically important worsening in early stage Parkinson's disease" by Hacker ML and colleague recently published electronically before print. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2016 Apr; 25:112-3. Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26698683.
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    99. Patterns of Cortical Synchronization in Isolated Dystonia Compared With Parkinson Disease. JAMA Neurol. 2015 Nov; 72(11):1244-51. Miocinovic S, de Hemptinne C, Qasim S, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26409266; PMCID: PMC4892933.
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    100. Response. J Neurosurg. 2015 Nov; 123(5):1349-50. Kilbane C, Ramirez-Zamora A, Ryapolova-Webb E, Qasim S, Glass GA, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 26870866.
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    101. Clinical outcomes using ClearPoint interventional MRI for deep brain stimulation lead placement in Parkinson's disease. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr; 124(4):908-16. Ostrem JL, Ziman N, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA, Luciano MS, Katz M, Racine CA, Martin AJ, Markun LC, Larson PS. PMID: 26495947.
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    102. Motor System Interactions in the Beta Band Decrease during Loss of Consciousness. J Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Jan; 28(1):84-95. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Maher RB, Stapleton CA, Meng L, Gelb AW, Starr PA. PMID: 26401814; PMCID: PMC4881749.
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    103. Task-related activity in sensorimotor cortex in Parkinson's disease and essential tremor: changes in beta and gamma bands. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015; 9:512. Rowland NC, De Hemptinne C, Swann NC, Qasim S, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Knight RT, Starr PA. PMID: 26441609; PMCID: PMC4585033.
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    105. Intraoperative neurophysiology in deep brain surgery for psychogenic dystonia. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015 Jun; 2(6):707-10. Ramos VF, Pillai AS, Lungu C, Ostrem J, Starr P, Hallett M. PMID: 26125045; PMCID: PMC4479530.
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    107. Differential effects of deep brain stimulation target on motor subtypes in Parkinson's disease. Ann Neurol. 2015 Apr; 77(4):710-9. Katz M, Luciano MS, Carlson K, Luo P, Marks WJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Follett KA, Weaver FM, Stern MB, Reda DJ, Ostrem JL, CSP 468 study group. PMID: 25627340.
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    108. Pallidal stimulation for Holmes tremor: clinical outcomes and single-unit recordings in 4 cases. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jun; 122(6):1306-14. Kilbane C, Ramirez-Zamora A, Ryapolova-Webb E, Qasim S, Glass GA, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 25794341.
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    109. Combining cell transplants or gene therapy with deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2015 Feb; 30(2):190-5. Rowland NC, Starr PA, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ, Lim DA. PMID: 25521796.
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    110. Interventional magnetic resonance imaging-guided cell transplantation into the brain with radially branched deployment. Mol Ther. 2015 Jan; 23(1):119-29. Silvestrini MT, Yin D, Martin AJ, Coppes VG, Mann P, Larson PS, Starr PA, Zeng X, Gupta N, Panter SS, Desai TA, Lim DA. PMID: 25138755; PMCID: PMC4426791.
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    111. Interventional MRI-guided deep brain stimulation in pediatric dystonia: first experience with the ClearPoint system. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Oct; 14(4):400-8. Starr PA, Markun LC, Larson PS, Volz MM, Martin AJ, Ostrem JL. PMID: 25084088.
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    113. Dr. Roy Bakay and the modern era of neurosurgical mentorship. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2014; 92(4):201-2. Starr PA. PMID: 25011446.
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    114. Brain shift during bur hole-based procedures using interventional MRI. J Neurosurg. 2014 Jul; 121(1):149-60. Ivan ME, Yarlagadda J, Saxena AP, Martin AJ, Starr PA, Sootsman WK, Larson PS. PMID: 24785326.
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    115. Chronic cortical and electromyographic recordings from a fully implantable device: preclinical experience in a nonhuman primate. J Neural Eng. 2014 Feb; 11(1):016009. Ryapolova-Webb E, Afshar P, Stanslaski S, Denison T, de Hemptinne C, Bankiewicz K, Starr PA. PMID: 24445430.
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    116. Effect of frequency on subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in primary dystonia. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2014 Apr; 20(4):432-8. Ostrem JL, Markun LC, Glass GA, Racine CA, Volz MM, Heath SL, de Hemptinne C, Starr PA. PMID: 24440061.
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    117. Three-dimensional accuracy of ECOG strip electrode localization using coregistration of preoperative MRI and intraoperative fluoroscopy. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2014; 92(1):8-16. Rowland NC, Miller KJ, Starr PA. PMID: 24216603.
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    118. Neuromodulation for dystonia: target and patient selection. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2014 Jan; 25(1):59-75. Mills KA, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 24262900.
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    119. Commentary on "Adaptive deep brain stimulation in advanced Parkinson disease". Ann Neurol. 2013 Sep; 74(3):447-8. Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 23818322.
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    120. Predictive factors of outcome in primary cervical dystonia following pallidal deep brain stimulation. Mov Disord. 2013 Sep; 28(10):1451-5. Witt JL, Moro E, Ash RS, Hamani C, Starr PA, Lozano AM, Hodaie M, Poon YY, Markun LC, Ostrem JL. PMID: 23787946.
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    121. Subthalamic nucleus neurons are synchronized to primary motor cortex local field potentials in Parkinson's disease. J Neurosci. 2013 Apr 24; 33(17):7220-33. Shimamoto SA, Ryapolova-Webb ES, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Miller KJ, Starr PA. PMID: 23616531; PMCID: PMC3673303.
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    122. Exaggerated phase-amplitude coupling in the primary motor cortex in Parkinson disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 19; 110(12):4780-5. de Hemptinne C, Ryapolova-Webb ES, Air EL, Garcia PA, Miller KJ, Ojemann JG, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA. PMID: 23471992; PMCID: PMC3606991.
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    123. Radially branched deployment for more efficient cell transplantation at the scale of the human brain. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2013; 91(2):92-103. Silvestrini MT, Yin D, Coppes VG, Mann P, Martin AJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Gupta N, Panter SS, Desai TA, Lim DA. PMID: 23343609; PMCID: PMC3739996.
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    124. Deep brain stimulation for other tremors, myoclonus, and chorea. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 116:209-15. Starr PA. PMID: 24112895.
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    125. Clinical outcomes of PD patients having bilateral STN DBS using high-field interventional MR-imaging for lead placement. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2013 Jun; 115(6):708-12. Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Markun LC, Grace JK, Martin AJ, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 22944465; PMCID: PMC3578021.
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    126. Weight change after globus pallidus internus or subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease and dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2012; 90(6):386-93. Mills KA, Scherzer R, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 22922491; PMCID: PMC3698968.
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    127. Shorter disease duration correlates with improved long-term deep brain stimulation outcomes in young-onset DYT1 dystonia. Neurosurgery. 2012 Aug; 71(2):325-30. Markun LC, Starr PA, Air EL, Marks WJ, Volz MM, Ostrem JL. PMID: 22811083.
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    128. Randomized trial of deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease: thirty-six-month outcomes. Neurology. 2012 Jul 03; 79(1):55-65. Weaver FM, Follett KA, Stern M, Luo P, Harris CL, Hur K, Marks WJ, Rothlind J, Sagher O, Moy C, Pahwa R, Burchiel K, Hogarth P, Lai EC, Duda JE, Holloway K, Samii A, Horn S, Bronstein JM, Stoner G, Starr PA, Simpson R, Baltuch G, De Salles A, Huang GD, Reda DJ, CSP 468 Study Group. PMID: 22722632; PMCID: PMC3385495.
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    129. Acute effects of thalamic deep brain stimulation and thalamotomy on sensorimotor cortex local field potentials in essential tremor. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Nov; 123(11):2232-8. Air EL, Ryapolova-Webb E, de Hemptinne C, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Larson PS, Chang EF, Starr PA. PMID: 22633916; PMCID: PMC3577937.
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    130. Paroxysmal sneezing after hypothalamic deep brain stimulation for cluster headache. Cephalalgia. 2012 Jun; 32(8):641-4. Maniyar FH, Starr P, Goadsby PJ. PMID: 22529193.
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    131. Long-term evaluation of a phase 1 study of AADC gene therapy for Parkinson's disease. Hum Gene Ther. 2012 Apr; 23(4):377-81. Mittermeyer G, Christine CW, Rosenbluth KH, Baker SL, Starr P, Larson P, Kaplan PL, Forsayeth J, Aminoff MJ, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 22424171; PMCID: PMC4530392.
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    132. An optimized system for interventional magnetic resonance imaging-guided stereotactic surgery: preliminary evaluation of targeting accuracy. Neurosurgery. 2012 Mar; 70(1 Suppl Operative):95-103; discussion 103. Larson PS, Starr PA, Bates G, Tansey L, Richardson RM, Martin AJ. PMID: 21796000; PMCID: PMC3249469.
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    133. Oscillations in sensorimotor cortex in movement disorders: an electrocorticography study. Brain. 2012 Feb; 135(Pt 2):615-30. Crowell AL, Ryapolova-Webb ES, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Shimamoto S, Lim DA, Starr PA. PMID: 22252995; PMCID: PMC3281473.
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    134. Deep brain stimulation in children: experience and technical pearls. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Dec; 8(6):566-74. Air EL, Ostrem JL, Sanger TD, Starr PA. PMID: 22132914.
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    135. Stereotactic techniques and perioperative management of DBS in dystonia. Mov Disord. 2011 Jun; 26 Suppl 1:S23-30. Starr PA, Bejjani P, Lozano AM, Metman LV, Hariz MI. PMID: 21692108.
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    136. Intraoperative neurophysiology in DBS for dystonia. Mov Disord. 2011 Jun; 26 Suppl 1:S31-6. Vitek JL, Delong MR, Starr PA, Hariz MI, Metman LV. PMID: 21692110.
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    137. Novel platform for MRI-guided convection-enhanced delivery of therapeutics: preclinical validation in nonhuman primate brain. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2011; 89(3):141-51. Richardson RM, Kells AP, Martin AJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Piferi PG, Bates G, Tansey L, Rosenbluth KH, Bringas JR, Berger MS, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 21494065; PMCID: PMC3085040.
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    138. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in primary cervical dystonia. Neurology. 2011 Mar 08; 76(10):870-8. Ostrem JL, Racine CA, Glass GA, Grace JK, Volz MM, Heath SL, Starr PA. PMID: 21383323.
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    139. Factors predicting protracted improvement after pallidal DBS for primary dystonia: the role of age and disease duration. J Neurol. 2011 Aug; 258(8):1469-76. Isaias IU, Volkmann J, Kupsch A, Burgunder JM, Ostrem JL, Alterman RL, Mehdorn HM, Schönecker T, Krauss JK, Starr P, Reese R, Kühn AA, Schüpbach WM, Tagliati M. PMID: 21365458.
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    140. Intraoperative computed tomography for deep brain stimulation surgery: technique and accuracy assessment. Neurosurgery. 2011 Mar; 68(1 Suppl Operative):114-24; discussion 124. Shahlaie K, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 21206322.
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    141. Interventional MRI-guided putaminal delivery of AAV2-GDNF for a planned clinical trial in Parkinson's disease. Mol Ther. 2011 Jun; 19(6):1048-57. Richardson RM, Kells AP, Rosenbluth KH, Salegio EA, Fiandaca MS, Larson PS, Starr PA, Martin AJ, Lonser RR, Federoff HJ, Forsayeth JR, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 21343917; PMCID: PMC3129792.
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    142. Incidence and management of venous air embolisms during awake deep brain stimulation surgery in a large clinical series. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2011; 89(2):76-82. Chang EF, Cheng JS, Richardson RM, Lee C, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 21293166.
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    143. Human/nonhuman primate AC-PC ratio--considerations for translational brain measurements. J Neurosci Methods. 2011 Mar 15; 196(1):124-30. Fiandaca MS, Salegio EA, Yin D, Richardson RM, Valles FE, Larson PS, Starr PA, Lonser RR, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 21185868; PMCID: PMC3042049.
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    144. Qualitative imaging of adeno-associated virus serotype 2-human aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase gene therapy in a phase I study for the treatment of Parkinson disease. Neurosurgery. 2010 Nov; 67(5):1377-85. Valles F, Fiandaca MS, Eberling JL, Starr PA, Larson PS, Christine CW, Forsayeth J, Richardson RM, Su X, Aminoff MJ, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 20871425.
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    145. Long-term follow-up of pallidal deep brain stimulation in two cases of Huntington's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011 Mar; 82(3):272-7. Kang GA, Heath S, Rothlind J, Starr PA. PMID: 20974647.
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    146. Gene delivery of AAV2-neurturin for Parkinson's disease: a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2010 Dec; 9(12):1164-1172. Marks WJ, Bartus RT, Siffert J, Davis CS, Lozano A, Boulis N, Vitek J, Stacy M, Turner D, Verhagen L, Bakay R, Watts R, Guthrie B, Jankovic J, Simpson R, Tagliati M, Alterman R, Stern M, Baltuch G, Starr PA, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Nutt J, Kieburtz K, Kordower JH, Olanow CW. PMID: 20970382.
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    147. Pallidal neuronal discharge in Parkinson's disease following intraputamenal fetal mesencephalic allograft. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011 Mar; 82(3):266-71. Richardson RM, Freed CR, Shimamoto SA, Starr PA. PMID: 20802212.
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    148. Bursts and oscillations as independent properties of neural activity in the parkinsonian globus pallidus internus. Neurobiol Dis. 2011 Jan; 41(1):2-10. Chan V, Starr PA, Turner RS. PMID: 20727974; PMCID: PMC2982906.
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    149. Long-term benefit sustained after bilateral pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with refractory tardive dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2010; 88(5):304-10. Chang EF, Schrock LE, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 20588082.
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    150. Pallidal versus subthalamic deep-brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jun 03; 362(22):2077-91. Follett KA, Weaver FM, Stern M, Hur K, Harris CL, Luo P, Marks WJ, Rothlind J, Sagher O, Moy C, Pahwa R, Burchiel K, Hogarth P, Lai EC, Duda JE, Holloway K, Samii A, Horn S, Bronstein JM, Stoner G, Starr PA, Simpson R, Baltuch G, De Salles A, Huang GD, Reda DJ, CSP 468 Study Group. PMID: 20519680.
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    151. Spinal deformity and Parkinson disease: a treatment algorithm. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar; 28(3):E5. Upadhyaya CD, Starr PA, Mummaneni PV. PMID: 20196652.
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    152. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulator placement using high-field interventional magnetic resonance imaging and a skull-mounted aiming device: technique and application accuracy. J Neurosurg. 2010 Mar; 112(3):479-90. Starr PA, Martin AJ, Ostrem JL, Talke P, Levesque N, Larson PS. PMID: 19681683; PMCID: PMC2866526.
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    153. Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation in a patient with primary progressive freezing gait disorder. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2010; 88(1):51-5. Ostrem JL, Christine CW, Glass GA, Schrock LE, Starr PA. PMID: 20051710.
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    154. The subthalamic nucleus in primary dystonia: single-unit discharge characteristics. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Dec; 102(6):3740-52. Schrock LE, Ostrem JL, Turner RS, Shimamoto SA, Starr PA. PMID: 19846625; PMCID: PMC4073906.
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    155. Safety and tolerability of putaminal AADC gene therapy for Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2009 Nov 17; 73(20):1662-9. Christine CW, Starr PA, Larson PS, Eberling JL, Jagust WJ, Hawkins RA, VanBrocklin HF, Wright JF, Bankiewicz KS, Aminoff MJ. PMID: 19828868; PMCID: PMC2839805.
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    156. Physiological identification of the human pedunculopontine nucleus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2010 Jan; 81(1):80-6. Shimamoto SA, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Glass GA, Turner RS, Starr PA. PMID: 19828478; PMCID: PMC3806635.
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    157. Surgical repositioning of misplaced subthalamic electrodes in Parkinson's disease: location of effective and ineffective leads. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2009; 87(5):297-303. Richardson RM, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 19641340.
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    158. Deep brain stimulation for medically intractable cluster headache. Neurobiol Dis. 2010 Jun; 38(3):361-8. Sillay KA, Sani S, Starr PA. PMID: 19501166.
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    159. Software requirements for interventional MR in restorative and functional neurosurgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2009 Apr; 20(2):179-86. Martin AJ, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 19555880.
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    160. Implantation of deep brain stimulator electrodes using interventional MRI. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2009 Apr; 20(2):193-203. Starr PA, Martin AJ, Larson PS. PMID: 19555882.
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    161. Microelectrode recording in the posterior hypothalamic region in humans. Neurosurgery. 2009 Mar; 64(3 Suppl):ons161-7; discussion ons167-9. Sani S, Shimamoto S, Turner RS, Levesque N, Starr PA. PMID: 19240565; PMCID: PMC3777657.
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    162. The neurophysiology and effect of deep brain stimulation in a patient with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced parkinsonism. J Neurosurg. 2009 Feb; 110(2):234-8. Christine CW, Langston JW, Turner RS, Starr PA. PMID: 19099380; PMCID: PMC2908499.
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    163. Induction of bradykinesia with pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cranial-cervical dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2009; 87(1):37-44. Berman BD, Starr PA, Marks WJ, Ostrem JL. PMID: 19174619; PMCID: PMC2835378.
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    164. Interventional magnetic resonance guidance of deep brain stimulator implantation for Parkinson disease. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jan; 19(4):213-21. Martin AJ, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 19148038.
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    165. Single unit "pauser" characteristics of the globus pallidus pars externa distinguish primary dystonia from secondary dystonia and Parkinson's disease. Exp Neurol. 2009 Apr; 216(2):295-9. Sani S, Ostrem JL, Shimamoto S, Levesque N, Starr PA. PMID: 19146856; PMCID: PMC2659350.
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    166. DBS and dopamine. Comment on "Does dopamine still have a leading role in advanced Parkinson's disease after subthalamic stimulation?" (Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2008;86: 184-186). Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2008; 86(3):188. Starr PA. PMID: 18421249.
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    167. Results from a phase I safety trial of hAADC gene therapy for Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2008 May 20; 70(21):1980-3. Eberling JL, Jagust WJ, Christine CW, Starr P, Larson P, Bankiewicz KS, Aminoff MJ. PMID: 18401019.
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    168. Safety and tolerability of intraputaminal delivery of CERE-120 (adeno-associated virus serotype 2-neurturin) to patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease: an open-label, phase I trial. Lancet Neurol. 2008 May; 7(5):400-8. Marks WJ, Ostrem JL, Verhagen L, Starr PA, Larson PS, Bakay RA, Taylor R, Cahn-Weiner DA, Stoessl AJ, Olanow CW, Bartus RT. PMID: 18387850.
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    169. Treatment of dystonia with deep brain stimulation. Neurotherapeutics. 2008 Apr; 5(2):320-30. Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 18394573; PMCID: PMC5084173.
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    170. Minimally invasive precision brain access using prospective stereotaxy and a trajectory guide. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Apr; 27(4):737-43. Martin AJ, Hall WA, Roark C, Starr PA, Larson PS, Truwit CL. PMID: 18383266.
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    171. Pallidal neuronal discharge in Huntington's disease: support for selective loss of striatal cells originating the indirect pathway. Exp Neurol. 2008 May; 211(1):227-33. Starr PA, Kang GA, Heath S, Shimamoto S, Turner RS. PMID: 18342309; PMCID: PMC3673313.
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    172. Deep brain stimulator hardware-related infections: incidence and management in a large series. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62(2):360-6; discussion 366-7. Sillay KA, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 18382313.
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    173. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for essential tremor: relation of lead location to outcome. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62 Suppl 2:884-94. Papavassiliou E, Rau G, Heath S, Abosch A, Barbaro NM, Larson PS, Lamborn K, Starr PA. PMID: 18596419.
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    174. Magnetic resonance imaging of implanted deep brain stimulators: experience in a large series. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2008; 86(2):92-100. Larson PS, Richardson RM, Starr PA, Martin AJ. PMID: 18073522.
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    175. Neuronal responses to passive movement in the globus pallidus internus in primary dystonia. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Dec; 98(6):3696-707. Chang EF, Turner RS, Ostrem JL, Davis VR, Starr PA. PMID: 17942626.
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    176. Pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cranial-cervical dystonia (Meige syndrome). Mov Disord. 2007 Oct 15; 22(13):1885-91. Ostrem JL, Marks WJ, Volz MM, Heath SL, Starr PA. PMID: 17618522.
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    177. Clinical problem solving: finding the target. Neurosurgery. 2007 Oct; 61(4):815-24; discussion 824-5. Deogaonkar M, Walter BL, Boulis N, Starr P. PMID: 17986944.
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    178. First case of X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism ("Lubag") to demonstrate a response to bilateral pallidal stimulation. Mov Disord. 2007 Sep 15; 22(12):1790-3. Evidente VG, Lyons MK, Wheeler M, Hillman R, Helepolelei L, Beynen F, Nolte D, Müller U, Starr PA. PMID: 17579361.
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    179. Chronic stimulation of the posterior hypothalamic region for cluster headache: technique and 1-year results in four patients. J Neurosurg. 2007 Jun; 106(6):999-1005. Starr PA, Barbaro NM, Raskin NH, Ostrem JL. PMID: 17564171.
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    180. Effects of unilateral subthalamic and pallidal deep brain stimulation on fine motor functions in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2007 Apr 15; 22(5):619-26. Nakamura K, Christine CW, Starr PA, Marks WJ. PMID: 17230483.
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    181. Multiple target deep brain stimulation for multiple sclerosis related and poststroke Holmes' tremor. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2007; 85(4):144-9. Lim DA, Khandhar SM, Heath S, Ostrem JL, Ringel N, Starr P. PMID: 17259750.
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    182. Neuropsychological performance following staged bilateral pallidal or subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2007 Jan; 13(1):68-79. Rothlind JC, Cockshott RW, Starr PA, Marks WJ. PMID: 17166305.
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    183. Microelectrode-guided implantation of deep brain stimulators into the globus pallidus internus for dystonia: techniques, electrode locations, and outcomes. J Neurosurg. 2006 Apr; 104(4):488-501. Starr PA, Turner RS, Rau G, Lindsey N, Heath S, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ. PMID: 16619651.
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    184. Placement of deep brain stimulator electrodes using real-time high-field interventional magnetic resonance imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2005 Nov; 54(5):1107-14. Martin AJ, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Keith Sootsman W, Talke P, Weber OM, Levesque N, Myers J, Starr PA. PMID: 16206144.
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    185. Frameless stereotaxy using bone fiducial markers for deep brain stimulation. J Neurosurg. 2005 Sep; 103(3):404-13. Holloway KL, Gaede SE, Starr PA, Rosenow JM, Ramakrishnan V, Henderson JM. PMID: 16235670.
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    186. Risk factors for hemorrhage during microelectrode-guided deep brain stimulator implantation for movement disorders. Neurosurgery. 2005 Apr; 56(4):722-32; discussion 722-32. Binder DK, Rau GM, Starr PA. PMID: 15792511.
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    187. Spontaneous pallidal neuronal activity in human dystonia: comparison with Parkinson's disease and normal macaque. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jun; 93(6):3165-76. Starr PA, Rau GM, Davis V, Marks WJ, Ostrem JL, Simmons D, Lindsey N, Turner RS. PMID: 15703229.
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    188. Surgery for Parkinson's disease: integration of neurology and neurosurgery. Clin Neurosurg. 2005; 52:202-4. Starr PA. PMID: 16626071.
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    189. Microelectrode-guided implantation of deep brain stimulators into the globus pallidus internus for dystonia: techniques, electrode locations, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15; 17(1):E4. Starr PA, Turner RS, Rau G, Lindsey N, Heath S, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ. PMID: 15264773.
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    190. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for essential tremor: relation of lead location to outcome. Neurosurgery. 2004 May; 54(5):1120-29; discussion 1129-30. Papavassiliou E, Rau G, Heath S, Abosch A, Barbaro NM, Larson PS, Lamborn K, Starr PA. PMID: 15113466.
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    191. Surgery of the subthalamic nucleus: use of movement-related neuronal activity for surgical navigation. Neurosurgery. 2003 Nov; 53(5):1146-9; discussion 1149. Starr PA, Theodosopoulos PV, Turner R. PMID: 14580281.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    192. Locations of movement-related cells in the human subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2003 Jul; 18(7):791-8. Theodosopoulos PV, Marks WJ, Christine C, Starr PA. PMID: 12815658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    193. Hemorrhagic complications of microelectrode-guided deep brain stimulation. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2003; 80(1-4):28-31. Binder DK, Rau G, Starr PA. PMID: 14745205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    194. Implantation of deep brain stimulators into the subthalamic nucleus: technical approach and magnetic resonance imaging-verified lead locations. J Neurosurg. 2002 Aug; 97(2):370-87. Starr PA, Christine CW, Theodosopoulos PV, Lindsey N, Byrd D, Mosley A, Marks WJ. PMID: 12186466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 85     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    195. Placement of deep brain stimulators into the subthalamic nucleus or Globus pallidus internus: technical approach. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2002; 79(3-4):118-45. Starr PA. PMID: 12890973.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    196. Electrophysiological localization of the substantia nigra in the parkinsonian nonhuman primate. J Neurosurg. 2000 Oct; 93(4):704-10. Starr PA, Subramanian T, Bakay RA, Wichmann T. PMID: 11014554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    197. Deep brain stimulation for advanced Parkinson's disease. AORN J. 2000 Sep; 72(3):387-90, 393-408; quiz 409-14, 416-8. Byrd DL, Marks WJ, Starr PA. PMID: 11004960.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    198. A high-resolution fast spin-echo inversion-recovery sequence for preoperative localization of the internal globus pallidus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 May; 21(5):928-31. Reich CA, Hudgins PA, Sheppard SK, Starr PA, Bakay RA. PMID: 10815670; PMCID: PMC7976753.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    199. Porcine xenografts in Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease patients: preliminary results. Cell Transplant. 2000 Mar-Apr; 9(2):273-8. Fink JS, Schumacher JM, Ellias SL, Palmer EP, Saint-Hilaire M, Shannon K, Penn R, Starr P, VanHorne C, Kott HS, Dempsey PK, Fischman AJ, Raineri R, Manhart C, Dinsmore J, Isacson O. PMID: 10811399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    200. Comparison of MPTP-induced changes in spontaneous neuronal discharge in the internal pallidal segment and in the substantia nigra pars reticulata in primates. Exp Brain Res. 1999 Apr; 125(4):397-409. Wichmann T, Bergman H, Starr PA, Subramanian T, Watts RL, DeLong MR. PMID: 10323285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 100     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    201. Magnetic resonance imaging-based stereotactic localization of the globus pallidus and subthalamic nucleus. Neurosurgery. 1999 Feb; 44(2):303-13; discussion 313-4. Starr PA, Vitek JL, DeLong M, Bakay RA. PMID: 9932883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    202. Intranigral transplantation of fetal substantia nigra allograft in the hemiparkinsonian rhesus monkey. Cell Transplant. 1999 Jan-Feb; 8(1):37-45. Starr PA, Wichmann T, van Horne C, Bakay RA. PMID: 10338274.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    203. Ablative surgery and deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Neurosurgery. 1998 Nov; 43(5):989-1013; discussion 1013-5. Starr PA, Vitek JL, Bakay RA. PMID: 9802843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    204. The homeless and the public household. N Engl J Med. 1998 Jun 11; 338(24):1761-3. Starr P. PMID: 9624198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    205. Pre- and postoperative MR evaluation of stereotactic pallidotomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998 Jun-Jul; 19(6):1075-80. Cohn MC, Hudgins PA, Sheppard SK, Starr PA, Bakay RA. PMID: 9672014; PMCID: PMC8338665.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    206. Microelectrode-guided pallidotomy: technical approach and its application in medically intractable Parkinson's disease. J Neurosurg. 1998 Jun; 88(6):1027-43. Vitek JL, Bakay RA, Hashimoto T, Kaneoke Y, Mewes K, Zhang JY, Rye D, Starr P, Baron M, Turner R, DeLong MR. PMID: 9609298.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 51     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    207. Deep brain stimulation for movement disorders. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1998 Apr; 9(2):381-402. Starr PA, Vitek JL, Bakay RA. PMID: 9495900.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    208. Posterior ventral pallidotomy: techniques and theoretical considerations. Clin Neurosurg. 1997; 44:197-210. Bakay RA, Starr PA, Vitek JL, DeLong MR. PMID: 10080009.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    209. Surgery of the Soul's cistern. Neurosurgery. 1996 Nov; 39(5):1022-9. Apuzzo ML, Stieg PE, Starr P, Schwartz RB, Folkerth RD. PMID: 8905760.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    210. Long-term persistence of defective HSV-1 vectors in the rat brain is demonstrated by reactivation of vector gene expression. Gene Ther. 1996 Jul; 3(7):615-23. Starr PA, Lim F, Grant FD, Trask L, Lang P, Yu L, Geller AI. PMID: 8818649.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    211. Pituitary apoplexy following cardiopulmonary bypass: considerations for a staged cardiac and neurosurgical procedure. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1994; 8(6):333-6. Savage EB, Gugino L, Starr PA, Black PM, Cohn LH, Aranki SF. PMID: 8086180.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    212. The framework of health care reform. N Engl J Med. 1993 Nov 25; 329(22):1666-72. Starr P. PMID: 8232454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    213. Effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide and efferent nerve stimulation on afferent transmission in the lateral line organ. J Neurophysiol. 1991 May; 65(5):1158-69. Sewell WF, Starr PA. PMID: 1651373.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    214. Neurotransmitter release from hair cells and its blockade by glutamate-receptor antagonists. Hear Res. 1991 Mar; 52(1):23-41. Starr PA, Sewell WF. PMID: 1676396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    215. Hypercholesterolemia in school children: a preliminary report. Am J Clin Pathol. 1971 Oct; 56(4):515-22. Starr P. PMID: 4107083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    216. Later results of 131-I treatment of hyperthyroidism in 73 children and adolescents: 1967 followup. J Nucl Med. 1969 Sep; 10(9):586-90. Starr P, Jaffe HL, Oettinger L. PMID: 5797846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    218. THE BLOOD-URINE UREA CONCENTRATION RATIO IN HYPERTENSION. J Clin Invest. 1927 Dec; 5(1):101-11. Starr P, Ballard F. PMID: 16693777; PMCID: PMC434699.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
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