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Philip Starr

Title(s)Professor, Neurological Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address505 Parnassus Ave, Moffitt
San Francisco CA 94117
Phone415-502-2885
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Harvard UniversityM.D.1989School of Medicine
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2019Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    2013finalist, Israeli B.R.A.I.N. prize in neurotechnology
    2005Dolores Cakebread Endowed Chair in Neurological Surgery

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Dr. Starr is Professor of Neurological Surgery and holds the Dolores Cakebread Endowed Chair in Neurological Surgery. His clinical interests are in functional neurosurgery, especially in the use of implanted devices to improve brain function. He is co-director, with Dr. Jill Ostrem, of the UCSF Surgical Movement Disorders clinic, a multidisciplinary clinic serving a large population of patients with Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, and tremor. In 2013, this clinic was designated as a Bachman-Strauss Center of Excellence in the treatment of movement disorders, one of four such Centers of Excellence in the United States. Dr. Starr directs an NIH-funded laboratory devoted to analyzing how movement disorders affect the network function of the brain, understanding the central mechanisms of therapeutic neurostimulation, and improving the effectiveness of neurostimulion.

    Dr. Starr and colleagues pioneered the use of electrocorticography (direct brain recording using an implanted cortical electrode) as a tool to understand Parkinson’s disease and dystonia. In 2013, this effort culminated in the first implant of a chronic multi-site (cortex and basal ganglia) brain recording device in a patient with Parkinson’s disease, as part of a ten patient study of a novel, totally implantable bidirectional neural interface. With Dr. Paul Larson and Dr. Alastair Martin, he has developed a new approach to improve the accuracy of delivery of devices and drugs to deep brain targets using interventional MRI, in conjunction with a skull mounted aiming device and a dedicated software system (Clearpoint system, MRI interventions).

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Fabrication and testing of next generation cortical paddle leads for bidirectional neural interfaces
    NIH/NIMH R21MH120810Sep 10, 2019 - Jun 30, 2021
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Technology development for closed-loop deep brain stimulation to treat refractory neuropathic pain
    NIH/NINDS UH3NS109556Jul 1, 2019 - Jun 30, 2024
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    Closed loop deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease
    NIH/NINDS UH3NS100544Sep 30, 2016 - Jun 30, 2022
    Role: Principal Investigator
    The motor network in Parkinson's disease: Mechanisms of therapy
    NIH/NINDS R01NS090913Sep 30, 2014 - Mar 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cortical and basal ganglia local field potentials in human movement disorders
    NIH/NINDS R56NS069779May 1, 2010 - Mar 31, 2015
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Cortical and basal ganglia local field potentials in human movement disorders
    NIH/NINDS R01NS069779May 1, 2010 - Apr 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pallidal Physiology in Human and Primate Dystonia
    NIH/NINDS K08NS002201Sep 30, 2000 - Aug 31, 2007
    Role: Principal Investigator
    General Clinical Research Center
    NIH M01RR002635Dec 1, 1984 - Mar 31, 2010
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Featured Publications
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Featured Videos

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation with a multiple independent constant current-controlled device in Parkinson's disease (INTREPID): a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, sham-controlled study. Lancet Neurol. 2020 Jun; 19(6):491-501. Vitek JL, Jain R, Chen L, Tröster AI, Schrock LE, House PA, Giroux ML, Hebb AO, Farris SM, Whiting DM, Leichliter TA, Ostrem JL, San Luciano M, Galifianakis N, Verhagen Metman L, Sani S, Karl JA, Siddiqui MS, Tatter SB, Ul Haq I, Machado AG, Gostkowski M, Tagliati M, Mamelak AN, Okun MS, Foote KD, Moguel-Cobos G, Ponce FA, Pahwa R, Nazzaro JM, Buetefisch CM, Gross RE, Luca CC, Jagid JR, Revuelta GJ, Takacs I, Pourfar MH, Mogilner AY, Duker AP, Mandybur GT, Rosenow JM, Cooper SE, Park MC, Khandhar SM, Sedrak M, Phibbs FT, Pilitsis JG, Uitti RJ, Starr PA. PMID: 32470421.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Simultaneous cortical and subcortical recordings in humans with movement disorders: Acute and chronic paradigms. Neuroimage. 2020 Aug 15; 217:116904. Wozny TA, Wang DD, Starr PA. PMID: 32387742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    3. Phenomenology and Management of Subthalamic Stimulation-Induced Dyskinesia in Patients With Isolated Dystonia. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2020 Jul; 7(5):548-551. Bledsoe IO, Dodenhoff KA, San Luciano M, Volz MM, Starr PA, Markun LC, Ostrem JL. PMID: 32626800.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    4. Prefrontal-Subthalamic Hyperdirect Pathway Modulates Movement Inhibition in Humans. Neuron. 2020 May 20; 106(4):579-588.e3. Chen W, de Hemptinne C, Miller AM, Leibbrand M, Little SJ, Lim DA, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 32155442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    5. Defining research priorities in dystonia. Neurology. 2020 Mar 24; 94(12):526-537. Lungu C, Ozelius L, Standaert D, Hallett M, Sieber BA, Swanson-Fisher C, Berman BD, Calakos N, Moore JC, Perlmutter JS, Pirio Richardson SE, Saunders-Pullman R, Scheinfeldt L, Sharma N, Sillitoe R, Simonyan K, Starr PA, Taylor A, Vitek J. PMID: 32098856.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    6. Cerebellar Deep Brain Stimulation for Acquired Hemidystonia. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2020 Feb; 7(2):188-193. Brown EG, Bledsoe IO, Luthra NS, Miocinovic S, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 32071938.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    7. Smart neuromodulation in movement disorders. Handb Clin Neurol. 2020; 168:153-161. Mitchell KT, Starr PA. PMID: 32164850.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    8. Beta Oscillations in Working Memory, Executive Control of Movement and Thought, and Sensorimotor Function. J Neurosci. 2019 10 16; 39(42):8231-8238. Schmidt R, Herrojo Ruiz M, Kilavik BE, Lundqvist M, Starr PA, Aron AR. PMID: 31619492.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    9. Proceedings of the Sixth Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank Modulation of Brain Networks and Application of Advanced Neuroimaging, Neurophysiology, and Optogenetics. Front Neurosci. 2019; 13:936. Ramirez-Zamora A, Giordano J, Boyden ES, Gradinaru V, Gunduz A, Starr PA, Sheth SA, McIntyre CC, Fox MD, Vitek J, Vedam-Mai V, Akbar U, Almeida L, Bronte-Stewart HM, Mayberg HS, Pouratian N, Gittis AH, Singer AC, Creed MC, Lazaro-Munoz G, Richardson M, Rossi MA, Cendejas-Zaragoza L, D'Haese PF, Chiong W, Gilron R, Chizeck H, Ko A, Baker KB, Wagenaar J, Harel N, Deeb W, Foote KD, Okun MS. PMID: 31572109.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    10. Washout of chronic therapeutic deep brain stimulation increases cortical phase-amplitude coupling. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2019 09; 66:269-271. Rajagopalan SS, Miller AM, de Hemptinne C, San Luciano M, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 31477410.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    11. Altered Prefrontal Theta and Gamma Activity during an Emotional Face Processing Task in Parkinson Disease. J Cogn Neurosci. 2019 11; 31(11):1768-1776. Chen W, de Hemptinne C, Leibbrand M, Miller AM, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 31322465.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    12. Patient Experience with Rechargeable Implantable Pulse Generator Deep Brain Stimulation for Movement Disorders. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2019; 97(2):113-119. Mitchell KT, Volz M, Lee A, San Luciano M, Wang S, Starr PA, Larson P, Galifianakis NB, Ostrem JL. PMID: 31288242.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Effect of levodopa on electroencephalographic biomarkers of the parkinsonian state. J Neurophysiol. 2019 07 01; 122(1):290-299. Miller AM, Miocinovic S, Swann NC, Rajagopalan SS, Darevsky DM, Gilron R, de Hemptinne C, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 31066605.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Pallidal thermolesion unleashes gamma oscillations in the motor cortex in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2019 06; 34(6):903-911. de Hemptinne C, Wang DD, Miocinovic S, Chen W, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 30868646.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Long-Term Outcomes of Bilateral Pallidal Deep Brain Stimulation for X-Linked Dystonia and Parkinsonism. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2018; 96(5):320-326. Kilbane C, Witt J, Galifianakis NB, Glass GA, Volz M, Heath S, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 30481788.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Surgical management of camptocormia in Parkinson's disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Neurosurg. 2018 09 14; 131(2):368-375. Chan AK, Chan AY, Lau D, Durcanova B, Miller CA, Larson PS, Starr PA, Mummaneni PV. PMID: 30215560.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Cortical Potentials Evoked by Subthalamic Stimulation Demonstrate a Short Latency Hyperdirect Pathway in Humans. J Neurosci. 2018 10 24; 38(43):9129-9141. Miocinovic S, de Hemptinne C, Chen W, Isbaine F, Willie JT, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 30201770.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Totally Implantable Bidirectional Neural Prostheses: A Flexible Platform for Innovation in Neuromodulation. Front Neurosci. 2018; 12:619. Starr PA. PMID: 30245616.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Benefits and risks of unilateral and bilateral ventral intermediate nucleus deep brain stimulation for axial essential tremor symptoms. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2019 03; 60:126-132. Mitchell KT, Larson P, Starr PA, Okun MS, Wharen RE, Uitti RJ, Guthrie BL, Peichel D, Pahwa R, Walker HC, Foote K, Marshall FJ, Jankovic J, Simpson R, Phibbs F, Neimat JS, Stewart RM, Dashtipour K, Ostrem JL. PMID: 30220556.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Adaptive deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease using motor cortex sensing. J Neural Eng. 2018 08; 15(4):046006. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Thompson MC, Miocinovic S, Miller AM, Gilron R, Ostrem JL, Chizeck HJ, Starr PA. PMID: 29741160.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    21. Pallidal Deep-Brain Stimulation Disrupts Pallidal Beta Oscillations and Coherence with Primary Motor Cortex in Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2018 05 09; 38(19):4556-4568. Wang DD, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, San Luciano M, Starr PA. PMID: 29661966.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Venous Thromboembolism during Interventional MRI-Guided Stereotactic Surgery. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2018; 96(1):40-45. Kundishora AJ, Englot DJ, Starr PA, Martin AJ, Larson PS. PMID: 29495014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Laser ablative therapy of sessile hypothalamic hamartomas in children using interventional MRI: report of 5 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2018 05; 21(5):460-465. Southwell DG, Birk HS, Larson PS, Starr PA, Sugrue LP, Auguste KI. PMID: 29451455.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Evolving Applications, Technological Challenges and Future Opportunities in Neuromodulation: Proceedings of the Fifth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank. Front Neurosci. 2017; 11:734. Ramirez-Zamora A, Giordano JJ, Gunduz A, Brown P, Sanchez JC, Foote KD, Almeida L, Starr PA, Bronte-Stewart HM, Hu W, McIntyre C, Goodman W, Kumsa D, Grill WM, Walker HC, Johnson MD, Vitek JL, Greene D, Rizzuto DS, Song D, Berger TW, Hampson RE, Deadwyler SA, Hochberg LR, Schiff ND, Stypulkowski P, Worrell G, Tiruvadi V, Mayberg HS, Jimenez-Shahed J, Nanda P, Sheth SA, Gross RE, Lempka SF, Li L, Deeb W, Okun MS. PMID: 29416498.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    25. Cortical gamma oscillations in isolated dystonia. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2018 04; 49:104-105. Miocinovic S, Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miller A, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 29371063.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Deep Brain Stimulation: Interventional and Intraoperative MRI Approaches. Prog Neurol Surg. 2018; 33:187-197. Larson PS, Starr PA, Martin AJ. PMID: 29332083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Before and after the veterans affairs cooperative program 468 study: Deep brain stimulator target selection for treatment of Parkinson's disease. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2018 03; 48:40-44. Southwell DG, Rutkowski MJ, San Luciano M, Racine C, Ostrem J, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 29249683.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Chronic deep brain stimulation normalizes scalp EEG activity in isolated dystonia. Clin Neurophysiol. 2018 02; 129(2):368-376. Miocinovic S, Miller A, Swann NC, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 29288993.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Hemorrhage Detection and Incidence during Magnetic Resonance-Guided Deep Brain Stimulator Implantations. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2017; 95(5):307-314. Martin AJ, Starr PA, Ostrem JL, Larson PS. PMID: 28889128.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for orthostatic tremor: A multicenter international registry. Mov Disord. 2017 Aug; 32(8):1240-1244. Merola A, Fasano A, Hassan A, Ostrem JL, Contarino MF, Lyons M, Krauss JK, Wolf ME, Klassen BT, van Rootselaar AF, Regidor I, Duker AP, Ondo W, Guridi J, Volkmann J, Wagle Shukla A, Mandybur GT, Okun MS, Witt K, Starr PA, Deuschl G, Espay AJ. PMID: 28631862.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. Nonsinusoidal Beta Oscillations Reflect Cortical Pathophysiology in Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2017 05 03; 37(18):4830-4840. Cole SR, van der Meij R, Peterson EJ, de Hemptinne C, Starr PA, Voytek B. PMID: 28416595.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Parkinson's disease patient preference and experience with various methods of DBS lead placement. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2017 Aug; 41:25-30. LaHue SC, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, San Luciano M, Ziman N, Wang S, Racine CA, Starr PA, Larson PS, Katz M. PMID: 28615151.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Chronic multisite brain recordings from a totally implantable bidirectional neural interface: experience in 5 patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neurosurg. 2018 02; 128(2):605-616. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Qasim S, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Luciano MS, Wang SS, Ziman N, Taylor R, Starr PA. PMID: 28409730.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in isolated dystonia: A 3-year follow-up study. Neurology. 2017 Jan 03; 88(1):25-35. Ostrem JL, San Luciano M, Dodenhoff KA, Ziman N, Markun LC, Racine CA, de Hemptinne C, Volz MM, Heath SL, Starr PA. PMID: 27903810.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: A Review of Emerging Issues and Technologies. Front Integr Neurosci. 2016; 10:38. Deeb W, Giordano JJ, Rossi PJ, Mogilner AY, Gunduz A, Judy JW, Klassen BT, Butson CR, Van Horne C, Deny D, Dougherty DD, Rowell D, Gerhardt GA, Smith GS, Ponce FA, Walker HC, Bronte-Stewart HM, Mayberg HS, Chizeck HJ, Langevin JP, Volkmann J, Ostrem JL, Shute JB, Jimenez-Shahed J, Foote KD, Wagle Shukla A, Rossi MA, Oh M, Pourfar M, Rosenberg PB, Silburn PA, de Hemptine C, Starr PA, Denison T, Akbar U, Grill WM, Okun MS. PMID: 27920671.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    36. Proceedings of the Eighth International Workshop on Advances in Electrocorticography. Epilepsy Behav. 2016 11; 64(Pt A):248-252. Ritaccio AL, Williams J, Denison T, Foster BL, Starr PA, Gunduz A, Zijlmans M, Schalk G. PMID: 27780085.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. An unexpectedly high rate of revisions and removals in deep brain stimulation surgery: Analysis of multiple databases. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2016 12; 33:72-77. Rolston JD, Englot DJ, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 27645504.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Neurofeedback Control in Parkinsonian Patients Using Electrocorticography Signals Accessed Wirelessly With a Chronic, Fully Implanted Device. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2017 10; 25(10):1715-1724. Khanna P, Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Miller A, Starr PA, Carmena JM. PMID: 28113590.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Gamma Oscillations in the Hyperkinetic State Detected with Chronic Human Brain Recordings in Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2016 06 15; 36(24):6445-58. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Qasim S, Wang SS, Ziman N, Ostrem JL, San Luciano M, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA. PMID: 27307233.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Comparison of Deep Brain Stimulation Lead Targeting Accuracy and Procedure Duration between 1.5- and 3-Tesla Interventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Systems: An Initial 12-Month Experience. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2016; 94(2):102-7. Southwell DG, Narvid JA, Martin AJ, Qasim SE, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 27093443.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Deep brain stimulator implantation in a diagnostic MRI suite: infection history over a 10-year period. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jan; 126(1):108-113. Martin AJ, Larson PS, Ziman N, Levesque N, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 27015399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    42. Bilateral Ventral Intermediate Nucleus Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation in Orthostatic Tremor. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2016; 94(2):69-74. Coleman RR, Starr PA, Katz M, Glass GA, Volz M, Khandhar SM, Ostrem JL. PMID: 27002536.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Pregnancy in a Series of Dystonia Patients Treated with Deep Brain Stimulation: Outcomes and Management Recommendations. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2016; 94(1):60-5. Ziman N, Coleman RR, Starr PA, Volz M, Marks WJ, Walker HC, Guthrie SL, Ostrem JL. PMID: 26977859.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Intraoperative electrocorticography for physiological research in movement disorders: principles and experience in 200 cases. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jan; 126(1):122-131. Panov F, Levin E, de Hemptinne C, Swann NC, Qasim S, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26918474.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Subthalamic local field potentials in Parkinson's disease and isolated dystonia: An evaluation of potential biomarkers. Neurobiol Dis. 2016 May; 89:213-22. Wang DD, de Hemptinne C, Miocinovic S, Qasim SE, Miller AM, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, San Luciano M, Starr PA. PMID: 26884091.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Effective Interventional Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Laser Ablations in a Parkinson's Disease Patient with Refractory Tremor. Mov Disord Clin Pract. 2016 May-Jun; 3(3):312-314. San Luciano M, Katz M, Ostrem J, Martin A, Starr P, Ziman N, Larson P. PMID: 30713924.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    47. Electrocorticography reveals beta desynchronization in the basal ganglia-cortical loop during rest tremor in Parkinson's disease. Neurobiol Dis. 2016 Feb; 86:177-86. Qasim SE, de Hemptinne C, Swann NC, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26639855.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Correspondence related to published material title "Deep brain stimulation may reduce the relative risk of clinically important worsening in early stage Parkinson's disease" by Hacker ML and colleague recently published electronically before print. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2016 Apr; 25:112-3. Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26698683.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Patterns of Cortical Synchronization in Isolated Dystonia Compared With Parkinson Disease. JAMA Neurol. 2015 Nov; 72(11):1244-51. Miocinovic S, de Hemptinne C, Qasim S, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 26409266.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Response. J Neurosurg. 2015 Nov; 123(5):1349-50. Kilbane C, Ramirez-Zamora A, Ryapolova-Webb E, Qasim S, Glass GA, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 26870866.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    51. Clinical outcomes using ClearPoint interventional MRI for deep brain stimulation lead placement in Parkinson's disease. J Neurosurg. 2016 Apr; 124(4):908-16. Ostrem JL, Ziman N, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA, Luciano MS, Katz M, Racine CA, Martin AJ, Markun LC, Larson PS. PMID: 26495947.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Motor System Interactions in the Beta Band Decrease during Loss of Consciousness. J Cogn Neurosci. 2016 Jan; 28(1):84-95. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Maher RB, Stapleton CA, Meng L, Gelb AW, Starr PA. PMID: 26401814.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Task-related activity in sensorimotor cortex in Parkinson's disease and essential tremor: changes in beta and gamma bands. Front Hum Neurosci. 2015; 9:512. Rowland NC, De Hemptinne C, Swann NC, Qasim S, Miocinovic S, Ostrem JL, Knight RT, Starr PA. PMID: 26441609.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    54. Elevated synchrony in Parkinson disease detected with electroencephalography. Ann Neurol. 2015 Nov; 78(5):742-50. Swann NC, de Hemptinne C, Aron AR, Ostrem JL, Knight RT, Starr PA. PMID: 26290353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Intraoperative neurophysiology in deep brain surgery for psychogenic dystonia. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015 Jun; 2(6):707-10. Ramos VF, Pillai AS, Lungu C, Ostrem J, Starr P, Hallett M. PMID: 26125045.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    56. Therapeutic deep brain stimulation reduces cortical phase-amplitude coupling in Parkinson's disease. Nat Neurosci. 2015 May; 18(5):779-86. de Hemptinne C, Swann NC, Ostrem JL, Ryapolova-Webb ES, San Luciano M, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA. PMID: 25867121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 104     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Differential effects of deep brain stimulation target on motor subtypes in Parkinson's disease. Ann Neurol. 2015 Apr; 77(4):710-9. Katz M, Luciano MS, Carlson K, Luo P, Marks WJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Follett KA, Weaver FM, Stern MB, Reda DJ, Ostrem JL. PMID: 25627340.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Pallidal stimulation for Holmes tremor: clinical outcomes and single-unit recordings in 4 cases. J Neurosurg. 2015 Jun; 122(6):1306-14. Kilbane C, Ramirez-Zamora A, Ryapolova-Webb E, Qasim S, Glass GA, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 25794341.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    59. Combining cell transplants or gene therapy with deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2015 Feb; 30(2):190-5. Rowland NC, Starr PA, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ, Lim DA. PMID: 25521796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    60. Interventional magnetic resonance imaging-guided cell transplantation into the brain with radially branched deployment. Mol Ther. 2015 Jan; 23(1):119-29. Silvestrini MT, Yin D, Martin AJ, Coppes VG, Mann P, Larson PS, Starr PA, Zeng X, Gupta N, Panter SS, Desai TA, Lim DA. PMID: 25138755.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    61. Interventional MRI-guided deep brain stimulation in pediatric dystonia: first experience with the ClearPoint system. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 Oct; 14(4):400-8. Starr PA, Markun LC, Larson PS, Volz MM, Martin AJ, Ostrem JL. PMID: 25084088.
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    62. Effect of subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation on dual-task cognitive and motor performance in isolated dystonia. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2015 Apr; 86(4):404-9. Mills KA, Markun LC, San Luciano M, Rizk R, Allen IE, Racine CA, Starr PA, Alberts JL, Ostrem JL. PMID: 25012202.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Dr. Roy Bakay and the modern era of neurosurgical mentorship. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2014; 92(4):201-2. Starr PA. PMID: 25011446.
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    64. Brain shift during bur hole-based procedures using interventional MRI. J Neurosurg. 2014 Jul; 121(1):149-60. Ivan ME, Yarlagadda J, Saxena AP, Martin AJ, Starr PA, Sootsman WK, Larson PS. PMID: 24785326.
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    65. Chronic cortical and electromyographic recordings from a fully implantable device: preclinical experience in a nonhuman primate. J Neural Eng. 2014 Feb; 11(1):016009. Ryapolova-Webb E, Afshar P, Stanslaski S, Denison T, de Hemptinne C, Bankiewicz K, Starr PA. PMID: 24445430.
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    66. Effect of frequency on subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in primary dystonia. Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2014 Apr; 20(4):432-8. Ostrem JL, Markun LC, Glass GA, Racine CA, Volz MM, Heath SL, de Hemptinne C, Starr PA. PMID: 24440061.
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    67. Three-dimensional accuracy of ECOG strip electrode localization using coregistration of preoperative MRI and intraoperative fluoroscopy. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2014; 92(1):8-16. Rowland NC, Miller KJ, Starr PA. PMID: 24216603.
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    68. Neuromodulation for dystonia: target and patient selection. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2014 Jan; 25(1):59-75. Mills KA, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 24262900.
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    69. Commentary on "Adaptive deep brain stimulation in advanced Parkinson disease". Ann Neurol. 2013 Sep; 74(3):447-8. Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 23818322.
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    70. Predictive factors of outcome in primary cervical dystonia following pallidal deep brain stimulation. Mov Disord. 2013 Sep; 28(10):1451-5. Witt JL, Moro E, Ash RS, Hamani C, Starr PA, Lozano AM, Hodaie M, Poon YY, Markun LC, Ostrem JL. PMID: 23787946.
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    71. Subthalamic nucleus neurons are synchronized to primary motor cortex local field potentials in Parkinson's disease. J Neurosci. 2013 Apr 24; 33(17):7220-33. Shimamoto SA, Ryapolova-Webb ES, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Miller KJ, Starr PA. PMID: 23616531.
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    72. Exaggerated phase-amplitude coupling in the primary motor cortex in Parkinson disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 19; 110(12):4780-5. de Hemptinne C, Ryapolova-Webb ES, Air EL, Garcia PA, Miller KJ, Ojemann JG, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Starr PA. PMID: 23471992.
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    73. Radially branched deployment for more efficient cell transplantation at the scale of the human brain. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2013; 91(2):92-103. Silvestrini MT, Yin D, Coppes VG, Mann P, Martin AJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Gupta N, Panter SS, Desai TA, Lim DA. PMID: 23343609.
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    74. Deep brain stimulation for other tremors, myoclonus, and chorea. Handb Clin Neurol. 2013; 116:209-15. Starr PA. PMID: 24112895.
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    75. Clinical outcomes of PD patients having bilateral STN DBS using high-field interventional MR-imaging for lead placement. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2013 Jun; 115(6):708-12. Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Markun LC, Grace JK, Martin AJ, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 22944465.
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    76. Weight change after globus pallidus internus or subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease and dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2012; 90(6):386-93. Mills KA, Scherzer R, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 22922491.
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    77. Shorter disease duration correlates with improved long-term deep brain stimulation outcomes in young-onset DYT1 dystonia. Neurosurgery. 2012 Aug; 71(2):325-30. Markun LC, Starr PA, Air EL, Marks WJ, Volz MM, Ostrem JL. PMID: 22811083.
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    78. Randomized trial of deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease: thirty-six-month outcomes. Neurology. 2012 Jul 03; 79(1):55-65. Weaver FM, Follett KA, Stern M, Luo P, Harris CL, Hur K, Marks WJ, Rothlind J, Sagher O, Moy C, Pahwa R, Burchiel K, Hogarth P, Lai EC, Duda JE, Holloway K, Samii A, Horn S, Bronstein JM, Stoner G, Starr PA, Simpson R, Baltuch G, De Salles A, Huang GD, Reda DJ. PMID: 22722632.
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    79. Acute effects of thalamic deep brain stimulation and thalamotomy on sensorimotor cortex local field potentials in essential tremor. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012 Nov; 123(11):2232-8. Air EL, Ryapolova-Webb E, de Hemptinne C, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Larson PS, Chang EF, Starr PA. PMID: 22633916.
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    80. Paroxysmal sneezing after hypothalamic deep brain stimulation for cluster headache. Cephalalgia. 2012 Jun; 32(8):641-4. Maniyar FH, Starr P, Goadsby PJ. PMID: 22529193.
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    81. Long-term evaluation of a phase 1 study of AADC gene therapy for Parkinson's disease. Hum Gene Ther. 2012 Apr; 23(4):377-81. Mittermeyer G, Christine CW, Rosenbluth KH, Baker SL, Starr P, Larson P, Kaplan PL, Forsayeth J, Aminoff MJ, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 22424171.
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    82. An optimized system for interventional magnetic resonance imaging-guided stereotactic surgery: preliminary evaluation of targeting accuracy. Neurosurgery. 2012 Mar; 70(1 Suppl Operative):95-103; discussion 103. Larson PS, Starr PA, Bates G, Tansey L, Richardson RM, Martin AJ. PMID: 21796000.
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    83. Oscillations in sensorimotor cortex in movement disorders: an electrocorticography study. Brain. 2012 Feb; 135(Pt 2):615-30. Crowell AL, Ryapolova-Webb ES, Ostrem JL, Galifianakis NB, Shimamoto S, Lim DA, Starr PA. PMID: 22252995.
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    84. Deep brain stimulation in children: experience and technical pearls. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Dec; 8(6):566-74. Air EL, Ostrem JL, Sanger TD, Starr PA. PMID: 22132914.
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    85. Stereotactic techniques and perioperative management of DBS in dystonia. Mov Disord. 2011 Jun; 26 Suppl 1:S23-30. Starr PA, Bejjani P, Lozano AM, Metman LV, Hariz MI. PMID: 21692108.
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    86. Intraoperative neurophysiology in DBS for dystonia. Mov Disord. 2011 Jun; 26 Suppl 1:S31-6. Vitek JL, Delong MR, Starr PA, Hariz MI, Metman LV. PMID: 21692110.
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    87. Novel platform for MRI-guided convection-enhanced delivery of therapeutics: preclinical validation in nonhuman primate brain. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2011; 89(3):141-51. Richardson RM, Kells AP, Martin AJ, Larson PS, Starr PA, Piferi PG, Bates G, Tansey L, Rosenbluth KH, Bringas JR, Berger MS, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 21494065.
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    88. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in primary cervical dystonia. Neurology. 2011 Mar 08; 76(10):870-8. Ostrem JL, Racine CA, Glass GA, Grace JK, Volz MM, Heath SL, Starr PA. PMID: 21383323.
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    89. Factors predicting protracted improvement after pallidal DBS for primary dystonia: the role of age and disease duration. J Neurol. 2011 Aug; 258(8):1469-76. Isaias IU, Volkmann J, Kupsch A, Burgunder JM, Ostrem JL, Alterman RL, Mehdorn HM, Schönecker T, Krauss JK, Starr P, Reese R, Kühn AA, Schüpbach WM, Tagliati M. PMID: 21365458.
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    90. Intraoperative computed tomography for deep brain stimulation surgery: technique and accuracy assessment. Neurosurgery. 2011 Mar; 68(1 Suppl Operative):114-24; discussion 124. Shahlaie K, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 21206322.
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    91. Interventional MRI-guided putaminal delivery of AAV2-GDNF for a planned clinical trial in Parkinson's disease. Mol Ther. 2011 Jun; 19(6):1048-57. Richardson RM, Kells AP, Rosenbluth KH, Salegio EA, Fiandaca MS, Larson PS, Starr PA, Martin AJ, Lonser RR, Federoff HJ, Forsayeth JR, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 21343917.
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    92. Incidence and management of venous air embolisms during awake deep brain stimulation surgery in a large clinical series. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2011; 89(2):76-82. Chang EF, Cheng JS, Richardson RM, Lee C, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 21293166.
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    93. Human/nonhuman primate AC-PC ratio--considerations for translational brain measurements. J Neurosci Methods. 2011 Mar 15; 196(1):124-30. Fiandaca MS, Salegio EA, Yin D, Richardson RM, Valles FE, Larson PS, Starr PA, Lonser RR, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 21185868.
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    94. Qualitative imaging of adeno-associated virus serotype 2-human aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase gene therapy in a phase I study for the treatment of Parkinson disease. Neurosurgery. 2010 Nov; 67(5):1377-85. Valles F, Fiandaca MS, Eberling JL, Starr PA, Larson PS, Christine CW, Forsayeth J, Richardson RM, Su X, Aminoff MJ, Bankiewicz KS. PMID: 20871425.
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    95. Long-term follow-up of pallidal deep brain stimulation in two cases of Huntington's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011 Mar; 82(3):272-7. Kang GA, Heath S, Rothlind J, Starr PA. PMID: 20974647.
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    96. Gene delivery of AAV2-neurturin for Parkinson's disease: a double-blind, randomised, controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2010 Dec; 9(12):1164-1172. Marks WJ, Bartus RT, Siffert J, Davis CS, Lozano A, Boulis N, Vitek J, Stacy M, Turner D, Verhagen L, Bakay R, Watts R, Guthrie B, Jankovic J, Simpson R, Tagliati M, Alterman R, Stern M, Baltuch G, Starr PA, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Nutt J, Kieburtz K, Kordower JH, Olanow CW. PMID: 20970382.
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    97. Pallidal neuronal discharge in Parkinson's disease following intraputamenal fetal mesencephalic allograft. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2011 Mar; 82(3):266-71. Richardson RM, Freed CR, Shimamoto SA, Starr PA. PMID: 20802212.
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    98. Bursts and oscillations as independent properties of neural activity in the parkinsonian globus pallidus internus. Neurobiol Dis. 2011 Jan; 41(1):2-10. Chan V, Starr PA, Turner RS. PMID: 20727974.
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    99. Long-term benefit sustained after bilateral pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with refractory tardive dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2010; 88(5):304-10. Chang EF, Schrock LE, Starr PA, Ostrem JL. PMID: 20588082.
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    100. Pallidal versus subthalamic deep-brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jun 03; 362(22):2077-91. Follett KA, Weaver FM, Stern M, Hur K, Harris CL, Luo P, Marks WJ, Rothlind J, Sagher O, Moy C, Pahwa R, Burchiel K, Hogarth P, Lai EC, Duda JE, Holloway K, Samii A, Horn S, Bronstein JM, Stoner G, Starr PA, Simpson R, Baltuch G, De Salles A, Huang GD, Reda DJ. PMID: 20519680.
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    101. Spinal deformity and Parkinson disease: a treatment algorithm. Neurosurg Focus. 2010 Mar; 28(3):E5. Upadhyaya CD, Starr PA, Mummaneni PV. PMID: 20196652.
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    102. Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulator placement using high-field interventional magnetic resonance imaging and a skull-mounted aiming device: technique and application accuracy. J Neurosurg. 2010 Mar; 112(3):479-90. Starr PA, Martin AJ, Ostrem JL, Talke P, Levesque N, Larson PS. PMID: 19681683.
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    103. Pedunculopontine nucleus deep brain stimulation in a patient with primary progressive freezing gait disorder. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2010; 88(1):51-5. Ostrem JL, Christine CW, Glass GA, Schrock LE, Starr PA. PMID: 20051710.
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    104. The subthalamic nucleus in primary dystonia: single-unit discharge characteristics. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Dec; 102(6):3740-52. Schrock LE, Ostrem JL, Turner RS, Shimamoto SA, Starr PA. PMID: 19846625.
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    105. Safety and tolerability of putaminal AADC gene therapy for Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2009 Nov 17; 73(20):1662-9. Christine CW, Starr PA, Larson PS, Eberling JL, Jagust WJ, Hawkins RA, VanBrocklin HF, Wright JF, Bankiewicz KS, Aminoff MJ. PMID: 19828868.
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    106. Physiological identification of the human pedunculopontine nucleus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2010 Jan; 81(1):80-6. Shimamoto SA, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Glass GA, Turner RS, Starr PA. PMID: 19828478.
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    107. Surgical repositioning of misplaced subthalamic electrodes in Parkinson's disease: location of effective and ineffective leads. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2009; 87(5):297-303. Richardson RM, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 19641340.
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    108. Deep brain stimulation for medically intractable cluster headache. Neurobiol Dis. 2010 Jun; 38(3):361-8. Sillay KA, Sani S, Starr PA. PMID: 19501166.
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    109. Software requirements for interventional MR in restorative and functional neurosurgery. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2009 Apr; 20(2):179-86. Martin AJ, Starr PA, Larson PS. PMID: 19555880.
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    110. Implantation of deep brain stimulator electrodes using interventional MRI. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2009 Apr; 20(2):193-203. Starr PA, Martin AJ, Larson PS. PMID: 19555882.
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    111. Microelectrode recording in the posterior hypothalamic region in humans. Neurosurgery. 2009 Mar; 64(3 Suppl):ons161-7; discussion ons167-9. Sani S, Shimamoto S, Turner RS, Levesque N, Starr PA. PMID: 19240565.
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    112. The neurophysiology and effect of deep brain stimulation in a patient with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced parkinsonism. J Neurosurg. 2009 Feb; 110(2):234-8. Christine CW, Langston JW, Turner RS, Starr PA. PMID: 19099380.
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    113. Induction of bradykinesia with pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cranial-cervical dystonia. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2009; 87(1):37-44. Berman BD, Starr PA, Marks WJ, Ostrem JL. PMID: 19174619.
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    114. Interventional magnetic resonance guidance of deep brain stimulator implantation for Parkinson disease. Top Magn Reson Imaging. 2009 Jan; 19(4):213-21. Martin AJ, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 19148038.
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    115. Single unit "pauser" characteristics of the globus pallidus pars externa distinguish primary dystonia from secondary dystonia and Parkinson's disease. Exp Neurol. 2009 Apr; 216(2):295-9. Sani S, Ostrem JL, Shimamoto S, Levesque N, Starr PA. PMID: 19146856.
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    116. DBS and dopamine. Comment on "Does dopamine still have a leading role in advanced Parkinson's disease after subthalamic stimulation?" (Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2008;86: 184-186). Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2008; 86(3):188. Starr PA. PMID: 18421249.
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    117. Results from a phase I safety trial of hAADC gene therapy for Parkinson disease. Neurology. 2008 May 20; 70(21):1980-3. Eberling JL, Jagust WJ, Christine CW, Starr P, Larson P, Bankiewicz KS, Aminoff MJ. PMID: 18401019.
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    118. Safety and tolerability of intraputaminal delivery of CERE-120 (adeno-associated virus serotype 2-neurturin) to patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease: an open-label, phase I trial. Lancet Neurol. 2008 May; 7(5):400-8. Marks WJ, Ostrem JL, Verhagen L, Starr PA, Larson PS, Bakay RA, Taylor R, Cahn-Weiner DA, Stoessl AJ, Olanow CW, Bartus RT. PMID: 18387850.
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    119. Treatment of dystonia with deep brain stimulation. Neurotherapeutics. 2008 Apr; 5(2):320-30. Ostrem JL, Starr PA. PMID: 18394573.
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    120. Minimally invasive precision brain access using prospective stereotaxy and a trajectory guide. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2008 Apr; 27(4):737-43. Martin AJ, Hall WA, Roark C, Starr PA, Larson PS, Truwit CL. PMID: 18383266.
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    121. Pallidal neuronal discharge in Huntington's disease: support for selective loss of striatal cells originating the indirect pathway. Exp Neurol. 2008 May; 211(1):227-33. Starr PA, Kang GA, Heath S, Shimamoto S, Turner RS. PMID: 18342309.
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    122. Deep brain stimulator hardware-related infections: incidence and management in a large series. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62(2):360-6; discussion 366-7. Sillay KA, Larson PS, Starr PA. PMID: 18382313.
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    123. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for essential tremor: relation of lead location to outcome. Neurosurgery. 2008 Feb; 62 Suppl 2:884-94. Papavassiliou E, Rau G, Heath S, Abosch A, Barbaro NM, Larson PS, Lamborn K, Starr PA. PMID: 18596419.
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    124. Magnetic resonance imaging of implanted deep brain stimulators: experience in a large series. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2008; 86(2):92-100. Larson PS, Richardson RM, Starr PA, Martin AJ. PMID: 18073522.
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    125. Neuronal responses to passive movement in the globus pallidus internus in primary dystonia. J Neurophysiol. 2007 Dec; 98(6):3696-707. Chang EF, Turner RS, Ostrem JL, Davis VR, Starr PA. PMID: 17942626.
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    126. Pallidal deep brain stimulation in patients with cranial-cervical dystonia (Meige syndrome). Mov Disord. 2007 Oct 15; 22(13):1885-91. Ostrem JL, Marks WJ, Volz MM, Heath SL, Starr PA. PMID: 17618522.
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    127. Clinical problem solving: finding the target. Neurosurgery. 2007 Oct; 61(4):815-24; discussion 824-5. Deogaonkar M, Walter BL, Boulis N, Starr P. PMID: 17986944.
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    128. First case of X-linked dystonia-parkinsonism ("Lubag") to demonstrate a response to bilateral pallidal stimulation. Mov Disord. 2007 Sep 15; 22(12):1790-3. Evidente VG, Lyons MK, Wheeler M, Hillman R, Helepolelei L, Beynen F, Nolte D, Müller U, Starr PA. PMID: 17579361.
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    129. Chronic stimulation of the posterior hypothalamic region for cluster headache: technique and 1-year results in four patients. J Neurosurg. 2007 Jun; 106(6):999-1005. Starr PA, Barbaro NM, Raskin NH, Ostrem JL. PMID: 17564171.
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    130. Effects of unilateral subthalamic and pallidal deep brain stimulation on fine motor functions in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2007 Apr 15; 22(5):619-26. Nakamura K, Christine CW, Starr PA, Marks WJ. PMID: 17230483.
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    131. Multiple target deep brain stimulation for multiple sclerosis related and poststroke Holmes' tremor. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2007; 85(4):144-9. Lim DA, Khandhar SM, Heath S, Ostrem JL, Ringel N, Starr P. PMID: 17259750.
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    132. Neuropsychological performance following staged bilateral pallidal or subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2007 Jan; 13(1):68-79. Rothlind JC, Cockshott RW, Starr PA, Marks WJ. PMID: 17166305.
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    133. Microelectrode-guided implantation of deep brain stimulators into the globus pallidus internus for dystonia: techniques, electrode locations, and outcomes. J Neurosurg. 2006 Apr; 104(4):488-501. Starr PA, Turner RS, Rau G, Lindsey N, Heath S, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ. PMID: 16619651.
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    134. Placement of deep brain stimulator electrodes using real-time high-field interventional magnetic resonance imaging. Magn Reson Med. 2005 Nov; 54(5):1107-14. Martin AJ, Larson PS, Ostrem JL, Keith Sootsman W, Talke P, Weber OM, Levesque N, Myers J, Starr PA. PMID: 16206144.
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    135. Frameless stereotaxy using bone fiducial markers for deep brain stimulation. J Neurosurg. 2005 Sep; 103(3):404-13. Holloway KL, Gaede SE, Starr PA, Rosenow JM, Ramakrishnan V, Henderson JM. PMID: 16235670.
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    136. Risk factors for hemorrhage during microelectrode-guided deep brain stimulator implantation for movement disorders. Neurosurgery. 2005 Apr; 56(4):722-32; discussion 722-32. Binder DK, Rau GM, Starr PA. PMID: 15792511.
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    137. Spontaneous pallidal neuronal activity in human dystonia: comparison with Parkinson's disease and normal macaque. J Neurophysiol. 2005 Jun; 93(6):3165-76. Starr PA, Rau GM, Davis V, Marks WJ, Ostrem JL, Simmons D, Lindsey N, Turner RS. PMID: 15703229.
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    138. Surgery for Parkinson's disease: integration of neurology and neurosurgery. Clin Neurosurg. 2005; 52:202-4. Starr PA. PMID: 16626071.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    139. Microelectrode-guided implantation of deep brain stimulators into the globus pallidus internus for dystonia: techniques, electrode locations, and outcomes. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jul 15; 17(1):E4. Starr PA, Turner RS, Rau G, Lindsey N, Heath S, Volz M, Ostrem JL, Marks WJ. PMID: 15264773.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    140. Thalamic deep brain stimulation for essential tremor: relation of lead location to outcome. Neurosurgery. 2004 May; 54(5):1120-29; discussion 1129-30. Papavassiliou E, Rau G, Heath S, Abosch A, Barbaro NM, Larson PS, Lamborn K, Starr PA. PMID: 15113466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    141. Surgery of the subthalamic nucleus: use of movement-related neuronal activity for surgical navigation. Neurosurgery. 2003 Nov; 53(5):1146-9; discussion 1149. Starr PA, Theodosopoulos PV, Turner R. PMID: 14580281.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    142. Locations of movement-related cells in the human subthalamic nucleus in Parkinson's disease. Mov Disord. 2003 Jul; 18(7):791-8. Theodosopoulos PV, Marks WJ, Christine C, Starr PA. PMID: 12815658.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    143. Hemorrhagic complications of microelectrode-guided deep brain stimulation. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2003; 80(1-4):28-31. Binder DK, Rau G, Starr PA. PMID: 14745205.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    144. Implantation of deep brain stimulators into the subthalamic nucleus: technical approach and magnetic resonance imaging-verified lead locations. J Neurosurg. 2002 Aug; 97(2):370-87. Starr PA, Christine CW, Theodosopoulos PV, Lindsey N, Byrd D, Mosley A, Marks WJ. PMID: 12186466.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 70     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    145. Placement of deep brain stimulators into the subthalamic nucleus or Globus pallidus internus: technical approach. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2002; 79(3-4):118-45. Starr PA. PMID: 12890973.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    146. Electrophysiological localization of the substantia nigra in the parkinsonian nonhuman primate. J Neurosurg. 2000 Oct; 93(4):704-10. Starr PA, Subramanian T, Bakay RA, Wichmann T. PMID: 11014554.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    147. Deep brain stimulation for advanced Parkinson's disease. AORN J. 2000 Sep; 72(3):387-90, 393-408; quiz 409-14, 416-8. Byrd DL, Marks WJ, Starr PA. PMID: 11004960.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    148. A high-resolution fast spin-echo inversion-recovery sequence for preoperative localization of the internal globus pallidus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 May; 21(5):928-31. Reich CA, Hudgins PA, Sheppard SK, Starr PA, Bakay RA. PMID: 10815670.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    149. Porcine xenografts in Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease patients: preliminary results. Cell Transplant. 2000 Mar-Apr; 9(2):273-8. Fink JS, Schumacher JM, Ellias SL, Palmer EP, Saint-Hilaire M, Shannon K, Penn R, Starr P, VanHorne C, Kott HS, Dempsey PK, Fischman AJ, Raineri R, Manhart C, Dinsmore J, Isacson O. PMID: 10811399.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCTClinical Trials
    150. Comparison of MPTP-induced changes in spontaneous neuronal discharge in the internal pallidal segment and in the substantia nigra pars reticulata in primates. Exp Brain Res. 1999 Apr; 125(4):397-409. Wichmann T, Bergman H, Starr PA, Subramanian T, Watts RL, DeLong MR. PMID: 10323285.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 68     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    151. Magnetic resonance imaging-based stereotactic localization of the globus pallidus and subthalamic nucleus. Neurosurgery. 1999 Feb; 44(2):303-13; discussion 313-4. Starr PA, Vitek JL, DeLong M, Bakay RA. PMID: 9932883.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    152. Intranigral transplantation of fetal substantia nigra allograft in the hemiparkinsonian rhesus monkey. Cell Transplant. 1999 Jan-Feb; 8(1):37-45. Starr PA, Wichmann T, van Horne C, Bakay RA. PMID: 10338274.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    153. Ablative surgery and deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Neurosurgery. 1998 Nov; 43(5):989-1013; discussion 1013-5. Starr PA, Vitek JL, Bakay RA. PMID: 9802843.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    154. The homeless and the public household. N Engl J Med. 1998 Jun 11; 338(24):1761-3. Starr P. PMID: 9624198.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    155. Pre- and postoperative MR evaluation of stereotactic pallidotomy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1998 Jun-Jul; 19(6):1075-80. Cohn MC, Hudgins PA, Sheppard SK, Starr PA, Bakay RA. PMID: 9672014.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    156. Microelectrode-guided pallidotomy: technical approach and its application in medically intractable Parkinson's disease. J Neurosurg. 1998 Jun; 88(6):1027-43. Vitek JL, Bakay RA, Hashimoto T, Kaneoke Y, Mewes K, Zhang JY, Rye D, Starr P, Baron M, Turner R, DeLong MR. PMID: 9609298.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    157. Deep brain stimulation for movement disorders. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1998 Apr; 9(2):381-402. Starr PA, Vitek JL, Bakay RA. PMID: 9495900.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    158. Posterior ventral pallidotomy: techniques and theoretical considerations. Clin Neurosurg. 1997; 44:197-210. Bakay RA, Starr PA, Vitek JL, DeLong MR. PMID: 10080009.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    159. Surgery of the Soul's cistern. Neurosurgery. 1996 Nov; 39(5):1022-9. Apuzzo ML, Stieg PE, Starr P, Schwartz RB, Folkerth RD. PMID: 8905760.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    160. Long-term persistence of defective HSV-1 vectors in the rat brain is demonstrated by reactivation of vector gene expression. Gene Ther. 1996 Jul; 3(7):615-23. Starr PA, Lim F, Grant FD, Trask L, Lang P, Yu L, Geller AI. PMID: 8818649.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    161. Pituitary apoplexy following cardiopulmonary bypass: considerations for a staged cardiac and neurosurgical procedure. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 1994; 8(6):333-6. Savage EB, Gugino L, Starr PA, Black PM, Cohn LH, Aranki SF. PMID: 8086180.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    162. The framework of health care reform. N Engl J Med. 1993 Nov 25; 329(22):1666-72. Starr P. PMID: 8232454.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    163. Effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide and efferent nerve stimulation on afferent transmission in the lateral line organ. J Neurophysiol. 1991 May; 65(5):1158-69. Sewell WF, Starr PA. PMID: 1651373.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    164. Neurotransmitter release from hair cells and its blockade by glutamate-receptor antagonists. Hear Res. 1991 Mar; 52(1):23-41. Starr PA, Sewell WF. PMID: 1676396.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    165. Hypercholesterolemia in school children: a preliminary report. Am J Clin Pathol. 1971 Oct; 56(4):515-22. Starr P. PMID: 4107083.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    166. Later results of 131-I treatment of hyperthyroidism in 73 children and adolescents: 1967 followup. J Nucl Med. 1969 Sep; 10(9):586-90. Starr P, Jaffe HL, Oettinger L. PMID: 5797846.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    167. LATE RESULTS OF I-131 TREATMENT OF HYPERTHYROIDISM IN SEVENTY-THREE CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS. J Nucl Med. 1964 Feb; 5:81-9. STARR P, JAFFE HL, OETTINGER L. PMID: 14123938.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    168. THE BLOOD-URINE UREA CONCENTRATION RATIO IN HYPERTENSION. J Clin Invest. 1927 Dec; 5(1):101-11. Starr P, Ballard F. PMID: 16693777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
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