Raquel Gardner, MD

Title(s)Associate Professor, Neurology
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address4150 Clement St
San Francisco CA 94121
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0003-4028-440X Additional info
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    Other Positions
    Title(s)UCSF Weill Institute for Neurosciences


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    Columbia UniversityB.A.2003Neuroscience and Behavior
    Harvard Medical SchoolM.D.2008
    UCSFResidency2012Neurology
    UCSFClinical Fellowship2013Behavioral Neurology
    SFVAMCResearch Fellowship2015Dementia Epidemiology
    UCSFAdvanced Training in Clinical Research2016Clinical and Translational Science Institute
    University of California, San Francisco, CA2019Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Champion Training

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    As a board-certified neurologist, Dr. Gardner evaluates and treats patients with various neurological disorders and provides them with follow-up care. As a fellowship-trained behavioral neurologist, Dr. Gardner has specific expertise in the evaluation and management of patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as dementia and mild cognitive impairment.

    Her research program focuses on understanding the epidemiology and mechanisms of long-term sequelae of traumatic brain injury in older adults with the goal of improving outcomes in this vulnerable population. Her work is supported by the National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the Department of Defense, the American Federation for Aging Research, the Weill Institute for Neurosciences, and the UCSF Research Allocation Program.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Transforming Research And Clinical Knowledge in Geriatric Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-GERI)
    NIH R01NS110944Sep 1, 2019 - May 31, 2024
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Traumatic Brain Injury and The Aging Brain: Predictors of Clinical Trajectories
    NIH K23NS095755Jul 15, 2015 - Aug 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Traumatic Brain Injury and Risk of Neurodegenerative Disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 2021 Jun 02. Brett BL, Gardner RC, Godbout J, Dams-O'Connor K, Keene CD. PMID: 34364650.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    2. Association of remote mild traumatic brain injury with cortical amyloid burden in clinically normal older adults. Brain Imaging Behav. 2021 Jan 11. Asken BM, Mantyh WG, La Joie R, Strom A, Casaletto KB, Staffaroni AM, Apple AC, Lindbergh CA, Iaccarino L, You M, Grant H, Fonseca C, Windon C, Younes K, Tanner J, Rabinovici GD, Kramer JH, Gardner RC. PMID: 33432536.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    
    3. Novel insights into risk of dementia after traumatic brain injury: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and heterogeneity analysis. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2020 Dec 7; 16(S10). Raquel C. Gardner, Amber L Bahorik, Paul Mangal, Isabel Elaine Allen, Kristine Yaffe. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    4. Feasibility and Utility of a Flexible Outcome Assessment Battery for Use in Longitudinal Traumatic Brain Injury Research. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2020 Nov 1; 101(11):e10-e11. Yelena Bodien, Mark Sherer, Sabrina Taylor, Sureyya Dikmen, John Yue, Murray Stein, John Corrigan, Harvey Levin, Nancy Temkin, Joan Machamer, Kim Boase, Mary Vassar, Michael McCrea, Thomas McAllister, John Whyte, Jason Barber, Raquel Gardner, joel Kramer, Lindsay Nelson, Geoff Manley, Joseph Giacino. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    5. Prevalence of Lifetime History of Traumatic Brain Injury among Older Male Veterans Compared with Civilians: A Nationally Representative Study. J Neurotrauma. 2020 12 15; 37(24):2680-2685. Kornblith ES, Yaffe K, Langa KM, Gardner RC. PMID: 32762279.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    6. Physical and Functional Impairment Among Older Adults With a History of Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2020 Jul/Aug; 35(4):E320-E329. Kornblith ES, Langa KM, Yaffe K, Gardner RC. PMID: 31996604.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Blood biomarkers of traumatic brain injury and cognitive impairment in older veterans. Neurology. 2020 09 01; 95(9):e1126-e1133. Peltz CB, Kenney K, Gill J, Diaz-Arrastia R, Gardner RC, Yaffe K. PMID: 32571850.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    8. Screening for Lifetime History of Traumatic Brain Injury Among Older American and Irish Adults at Risk for Dementia: Development and Validation of a Web-Based Survey. J Alzheimers Dis. 2020; 74(2):699-711. Gardner RC, Rivera E, O'Grady M, Doherty C, Yaffe K, Corrigan JD, Bogner J, Kramer J, Wilson F. PMID: 32065793.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    9. Tau PET and multimodal brain imaging in patients at risk for chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Neuroimage Clin. 2019; 24:102025. Lesman-Segev OH, La Joie R, Stephens ML, Sonni I, Tsai R, Bourakova V, Visani AV, Edwards L, O'Neil JP, Baker SL, Gardner RC, Janabi M, Chaudhary K, Perry DC, Kramer JH, Miller BL, Jagust WJ, Rabinovici GD. PMID: 31670152.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Linguistic and Cultural Acceptability of a Spanish Translation of the Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method Among Community-Dwelling Spanish-Dominant Older Adults. Arch Rehabil Res Clin Transl. 2019 Dec; 1(3-4):100020. Hufstedler HC, Dorsman KA, Rivera EJ, Lanata SC, Bogner JA, Corrigan JD, Fuller SM, Borja XR, Wilson F, Gardner RC. PMID: 33543051.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    11. Neuropathological correlates of structural and functional imaging biomarkers in 4-repeat tauopathies. Brain. 2019 07 01; 142(7):2068-2081. Spina S, Brown JA, Deng J, Gardner RC, Nana AL, Hwang JL, Gaus SE, Huang EJ, Kramer JH, Rosen HJ, Kornak J, Neuhaus J, Miller BL, Grinberg LT, Boxer AL, Seeley WW. PMID: 31081015.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. AGENT ORANGE EXPOSURE AND DEMENTIA DIAGNOSIS IN VIETNAM VETERANS: A CHRONIC EFFECTS OF NEUROTRAUMA CONSORTIUM STUDY. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p834. Deborah E. Barnes, Yixia Li, Amy L. Byers, Raquel C. Gardner, Carrie Peltz, Kristine Yaffe. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    13. THE PREVALENCE AND ATTRIBUTABLE RISK OF COMMON IMPORTANT RISK FACTORS TO INFORM STRATEGIES FOR THE POPULATION-BASED PREVENTION OF DEMENTIA IN SOUTH AFRICA. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p891-p892. Kirsten Bobrow, Raquel C. Gardner, Deborah E. Barnes, Kristine Yaffe. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    14. PRE-INJURY MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN OLDER ADULTS PRESENTING ACUTELY WITH TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: THE TRANSFORMING RESEARCH AND CLINICAL KNOWLEDGE IN GERIATRIC TBI PILOT STUDY (TRACK-GERI PILOT). Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p496. Michele Diaz, Chelsea Camara, Molly Rose Morrissey, Geoffrey T. Manley, Raquel C. Gardner. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    15. COGNITIVE DECLINE ONE YEAR AFTER MILD TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: A TRACK-TBI STUDY. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2019 Jul 1; 15(7):p359-p360. Raquel C. Gardner, Russell Huie, Adam Ferguson, Kristine Yaffe, Geoffrey T. Manley, TRACK-TBI Investigators. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    16. Divergent Six Month Functional Recovery Trajectories and Predictors after Traumatic Brain Injury: Novel Insights from the Citicoline Brain Injury Treatment Trial Study. J Neurotrauma. 2019 09 01; 36(17):2521-2532. Gardner RC, Cheng J, Ferguson AR, Boylan R, Boscardin J, Zafonte RD, Manley GT, Citicoline Brain Injury Treatment Trial Investigators . PMID: 30909795.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Age and sex-mediated differences in six-month outcomes after mild traumatic brain injury in young adults: a TRACK-TBI study. Neurol Res. 2019 Jul; 41(7):609-623. Yue JK, Levin HS, Suen CG, Morrissey MR, Runyon SJ, Winkler EA, Puffer RC, Deng H, Robinson CK, Rick JW, Phelps RRL, Sharma S, Taylor SR, Vassar MJ, Cnossen MC, Lingsma HF, Gardner RC, Temkin NR, Barber J, Dikmen SS, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Stein MB, Cage TA, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Manley GT, TRACK-TBI Investigators . PMID: 31007155.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Pre-injury Comorbidities Are Associated With Functional Impairment and Post-concussive Symptoms at 3- and 6-Months After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: A TRACK-TBI Study. Front Neurol. 2019; 10:343. Yue JK, Cnossen MC, Winkler EA, Deng H, Phelps RRL, Coss NA, Sharma S, Robinson CK, Suen CG, Vassar MJ, Schnyer DM, Puccio AM, Gardner RC, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Lingsma HF, Manley GT, TRACK-TBI Investigators . PMID: 31024436.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    19. Traumatic brain injury in older adults: do we need a different approach? Concussion. 2018 Oct; 3(3):CNC56. Peters ME, Gardner RC. PMID: 30370057.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    20. Association of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury With and Without Loss of Consciousness With Dementia in US Military Veterans. JAMA Neurol. 2018 09 01; 75(9):1055-1061. Barnes DE, Byers AL, Gardner RC, Seal KH, Boscardin WJ, Yaffe K. PMID: 29801145.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 55     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. EARLY COGNITIVE DECLINE WITHIN ONE YEAR AFTER TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY: A TRACK-TBI STUDY. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2018 Jul 1; 14(7):p1634. Raquel C. Gardner, Lindsay D. Nelson, John K. Yue, Alex B. Valadka, Michael A. McCrea, Joseph T. Giacino, Geoffrey T. Manley, TRACK-TBI Investigators. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    22. THE NATIONAL ALZHEIMER’S COORDINATING CENTER UNIFORM DATA SET TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) EXPOSURE SCREEN MISSES MORE THAN HALF OF TBI EXPOSURES IDENTIFIED USING A COMPREHENSIVE TBI INTERVIEW. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2018 Jul 1; 14(7):p1337. Raquel C. Gardner, Ernesto Rivera, Kristine Yaffe, Joel H. Kramer. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    23. THE ROLE OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF DEMENTIA: VALIDATION OF A WEB-BASED SELF-ADMINISTERED TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY EXPOSURE SURVEY FOR USE IN COGNITIVE AGING RESEARCH. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2018 Jul 1; 14(7):p1498. Raquel C. Gardner, Ernesto Rivera, Megan O'Grady, Colin Doherty, Kristine Yaffe, Joel H. Kramer, Fiona Wilson. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    24. Age-Related Differences in Diagnostic Accuracy of Plasma Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein and Tau for Identifying Acute Intracranial Trauma on Computed Tomography: A TRACK-TBI Study. J Neurotrauma. 2018 10 15; 35(20):2341-2350. Gardner RC, Rubenstein R, Wang KKW, Korley FK, Yue JK, Yuh EL, Mukherje P, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Diaz-Arrastia R, Manley GT. PMID: 29717620.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Concordance of common data elements for assessment of subjective cognitive complaints after mild-traumatic brain injury: a TRACK-TBI Pilot Study. Brain Inj. 2018; 32(9):1071-1078. Ngwenya LB, Gardner RC, Yue JK, Burke JF, Ferguson AR, Huang MC, Winkler EA, Pirracchio R, Satris GG, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Manley GT. PMID: 29863894.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Mild TBI and risk of Parkinson disease: A Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium Study. Neurology. 2018 05 15; 90(20):e1771-e1779. Gardner RC, Byers AL, Barnes DE, Li Y, Boscardin J, Yaffe K. PMID: 29669907.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Geriatric Traumatic Brain Injury: Epidemiology, Outcomes, Knowledge Gaps, and Future Directions. J Neurotrauma. 2018 Apr 01; 35(7):889-906. Gardner RC, Dams-O'Connor K, Morrissey MR, Manley GT. PMID: 29212411.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    
    28. Preinjury employment status as a risk factor for symptomatology and disability in mild traumatic brain injury: A TRACK-TBI analysis. NeuroRehabilitation. 2018; 43(2):169-182. Yue JK, Rick JW, Morrissey MR, Taylor SR, Deng H, Suen CG, Vassar MJ, Cnossen MC, Lingsma HF, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Gardner RC, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Cage TA, Manley GT, TRACK-TBI Investigators . PMID: 30040754.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Remote Traumatic Brain Injury Is Associated with Motor Dysfunction in Older Military Veterans. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Sep 01; 72(9):1233-1238. Gardner RC, Peltz CB, Kenney K, Covinsky KE, Diaz-Arrastia R, Yaffe K. PMID: 28329183.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) SEVERITY AND AGE OF DEMENTIA DIAGNOSIS AMONG VETERANS. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2017 Jul 1; 13(7):p853-p854. Deborah E. Barnes, Raquel C. Gardner, Amy Byers, Karen Seal, W John Boscardin, Kristine Yaffe, Chronic Effects of Neurotrauma Consortium Study Group. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    31. FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF NON-DEMENTED COMMUNITY-DWELLING OLDER ADULTS WITH PRIOR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY. Innovation in Aging. 2017 Jul 1; 1(suppl_1):906-906. R.C. Gardner, K.M. Langa, K. Yaffe. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    32. The Traumatic Brain Injury Endpoints Development (TED) Initiative: Progress on a Public-Private Regulatory Collaboration To Accelerate Diagnosis and Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2017 Oct 01; 34(19):2721-2730. Manley GT, Mac Donald CL, Markowitz AJ, Stephenson D, Robbins A, Gardner RC, Winkler E, Bodien YG, Taylor SR, Yue JK, Kannan L, Kumar A, McCrea MA, Wang KK, TED Investigators . PMID: 28363253.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    
    33. Subjective and objective cognitive function among older adults with a history of traumatic brain injury: A population-based cohort study. PLoS Med. 2017 03; 14(3):e1002246. Gardner RC, Langa KM, Yaffe K. PMID: 28267747.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Neurobehavioral Characteristics of Older Veterans With Remote Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2017 Jan/Feb; 32(1):E8-E15. Peltz CB, Gardner RC, Kenney K, Diaz-Arrastia R, Kramer JH, Yaffe K. PMID: 27323220.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy. The Behavioral Neurology of Dementia. 2017 Jan 1; 400-414. Raquel C. Gardner, David C. Perry. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    36. Timing and significance of pathological features in C9orf72 expansion-associated frontotemporal dementia. Brain. 2016 12; 139(Pt 12):3202-3216. Vatsavayai SC, Yoon SJ, Gardner RC, Gendron TF, Vargas JN, Trujillo A, Pribadi M, Phillips JJ, Gaus SE, Hixson JD, Garcia PA, Rabinovici GD, Coppola G, Geschwind DH, Petrucelli L, Miller BL, Seeley WW. PMID: 27797809.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 56     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    37. PRIOR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IS ASSOCIATED WITH SUBJECTIVE BUT NOT OBJECTIVE MEMORY IMPAIRMENT AMONG NON-DEMENTED OLDER ADULTS IN THE HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2016 Jul 1; 12(7):p174-p175. Raquel C. Gardner, Kenneth M. Langa, Kristine Yaffe. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    38. COMT Val 158 Met polymorphism is associated with nonverbal cognition following mild traumatic brain injury. Neurogenetics. 2016 Jan; 17(1):31-41. Winkler EA, Yue JK, McAllister TW, Temkin NR, Oh SS, Burchard EG, Hu D, Ferguson AR, Lingsma HF, Burke JF, Sorani MD, Rosand J, Yuh EL, Barber J, Tarapore PE, Gardner RC, Sharma S, Satris GG, Eng C, Puccio AM, Wang KK, Mukherjee P, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Diaz-Arrastia R, Manley GT, TRACK-TBI Investigators . PMID: 26576546.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    39. Evaluating and treating neurobehavioral symptoms in professional American football players: Lessons from a case series. Neurol Clin Pract. 2015 Aug; 5(4):285-295. Gardner RC, Possin KL, Hess CP, Huang EJ, Grinberg LT, Nolan AL, Cohn-Sheehy BI, Ghosh PM, Lanata S, Merrilees J, Kramer JH, Berger MS, Miller BL, Yaffe K, Rabinovici GD. PMID: 26336629.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:
    40. Cavum Septum Pellucidum in Retired American Pro-Football Players. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Jan 01; 33(1):157-61. Gardner RC, Hess CP, Brus-Ramer M, Possin KL, Cohn-Sheehy BI, Kramer JH, Berger MS, Yaffe K, Miller B, Rabinovici GD. PMID: 25970145.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Clinical profile of older veterans with remote tbi. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2015 Jul 1; 11(7):p321. Kristine Yaffe, Carrie Peltz, Raquel C. Gardner, Kimbra Kenney, Joel Kramer, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    42. Traumatic brain injury in later life increases risk for Parkinson disease. Ann Neurol. 2015 Jun; 77(6):987-95. Gardner RC, Burke JF, Nettiksimmons J, Goldman S, Tanner CM, Yaffe K. PMID: 25726936.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 79     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Epidemiology of mild traumatic brain injury and neurodegenerative disease. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2015 May; 66(Pt B):75-80. Gardner RC, Yaffe K. PMID: 25748121.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 147     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    44. Dementia risk after traumatic brain injury vs nonbrain trauma: the role of age and severity. JAMA Neurol. 2014 Dec; 71(12):1490-7. Gardner RC, Burke JF, Nettiksimmons J, Kaup A, Barnes DE, Yaffe K. PMID: 25347255.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 110     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY AND DEMENTIA RISK: AGE AND SEVERITY MATTER. Alzheimer's & Dementia. 2014 Jul 1; 10(4):p204-p205. Raquel C. Gardner, Allison Kaup, Deborah E. Barnes, James Burke, Jasmine Nettiksimmons, Kristine Yaffe. .
      View in: Publisher Site   Mentions:
    46. Traumatic brain injury may increase risk of young onset dementia. Ann Neurol. 2014 Mar; 75(3):339-41. Gardner RC, Yaffe K. PMID: 24550062.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Dementia in the oldest old: a multi-factorial and growing public health issue. Alzheimers Res Ther. 2013; 5(4):27. Gardner RC, Valcour V, Yaffe K. PMID: 23809176.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    
    48. Intrinsic connectivity network disruption in progressive supranuclear palsy. Ann Neurol. 2013 May; 73(5):603-16. Gardner RC, Boxer AL, Trujillo A, Mirsky JB, Guo CC, Gennatas ED, Heuer HW, Fine E, Zhou J, Kramer JH, Miller BL, Seeley WW. PMID: 23536287.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Reply. Annals of Neurology. 2010 Oct 1; 68(4):565-566. Raquel C. Gardner, Jeremy D. Schmahmann. .
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    50. Arginine test is not reliable for diagnosing cerebellar multiple system atrophy. Ann Neurol. 2010 Mar; 67(3):404-8. Gardner RC, Schmahmann JD. PMID: 20373353.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Development of a brief ataxia rating scale (BARS) based on a modified form of the ICARS. Mov Disord. 2009 Sep 15; 24(12):1820-8. Schmahmann JD, Gardner R, MacMore J, Vangel MG. PMID: 19562773.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 62     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Transient exacerbation of ataxia with smoking: a prevalence survey. Mov Disord. 2009 Apr 30; 24(6):937-8. Gardner RC, Alcalay RN, Schmahmann JD. PMID: 19230030.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Ataxia and cerebellar atrophy--a novel manifestation of neuro-Behçet disease? Mov Disord. 2008 Jan 30; 23(2):307-8. Gardner RC, Schmahmann JD. PMID: 18044705.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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