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Robert Gould, DSc

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentRadiology
Address505 Parnassus Avenue
San Francisco CA 94117
Phone415-476-1962
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    Radiological Society of North America 2003Third Vice President
    American Association of Physicists in Medicine2003Chairman of the Board
    American Association of Physicists in Medicine2002President
    American Association of Physicists in Medicine1999Fellow
    RadioGraphics 1998Editor's Certificate of Recognition

    Collapse Overview 

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Lambert JW, Phillips ED, Villanueva-Meyer JE, Nardo L, Facchetti L, Gould R. Axial or Helical? Considerations for wide collimation CT scanners capable of volumetric imaging in both modes. Med Phys. 2017 Nov; 44(11):5718-5725. PMID: 28833277.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Lambert JW, Sun Y, Ordovas KG, Gould R, Wang S, Yeh BM. Improved Calcium Scoring at Dual-Energy Computed Tomography Angiography Using a High-Z Contrast Element and Novel Material Separation Technique. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2017 Sep 20. PMID: 28937491.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Demb J, Chu P, Nelson T, Hall D, Seibert A, Lamba R, Boone J, Krishnam M, Cagnon C, Bostani M, Gould R, Miglioretti D, Smith-Bindman R. Optimizing Radiation Doses for Computed Tomography Across Institutions: Dose Auditing and Best Practices. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Jun 01; 177(6):810-817. PMID: 28395000.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Kohlbrenner R, Kolli KP, Taylor AG, Kohi MP, Lehrman ED, Fidelman N, Conrad M, LaBerge JM, Kerlan RK, Gould R. Radiation Dose Reduction during Uterine Fibroid Embolization Using an Optimized Imaging Platform. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2017 Aug; 28(8):1129-1135.e1. PMID: 28457758.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Lambert JW, Sun Y, Gould R, Ohliger MA, Li Z, Yeh BM. An Image-Domain Contrast Material Extraction Method for Dual-Energy Computed Tomography. Invest Radiol. 2017 04; 52(4):245-254. PMID: 27875338.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Winklhofer S, Lambert JW, Wang ZJ, Sun Y, Gould R, Zagoria RJ, Yeh BM. Reduction of peristalsis-related gastrointestinal streak artifacts with dual-energy CT: a patient and phantom study. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2016 Aug; 41(8):1456-65. PMID: 26987848; PMCID: PMC4974136 [Available on 08/01/17].
    7. Smith-Bindman R, Wang Y, Yellen-Nelson TR, Moghadassi M, Wilson N, Gould R, Seibert A, Boone JM, Krishnam M, Lamba R, Hall DJ, Miglioretti DL. Predictors of CT Radiation Dose and Their Effect on Patient Care: A Comprehensive Analysis Using Automated Data. Radiology. 2017 Jan; 282(1):182-193. PMID: 27438166.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Lambert JW, Gould R. Evaluation of a Net Dose-Reducing Organ-Based Tube Current Modulation Technique: Comparison With Standard Dose and Bismuth-Shielded Acquisitions. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jun; 206(6):1233-40. PMID: 27058461.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Lambert JW, Phelps AS, Courtier JL, Gould R, MacKenzie JD. Image quality and dose optimisation for infant CT using a paediatric phantom. Eur Radiol. 2016 May; 26(5):1387-95. PMID: 26304803.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Kohlbrenner R, Kolli KP, Taylor AG, Kohi MP, Fidelman N, LaBerge JM, Kerlan RK, Agarwal VK, Lehrman ED, Nanavati S, Avrin DE, Gould R. Patient Radiation Dose Reduction during Transarterial Chemoembolization Using a Novel X-Ray Imaging Platform. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2015 Sep; 26(9):1331-8. PMID: 26212556.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Smith-Bindman R, Moghadassi M, Wilson N, Nelson TR, Boone JM, Cagnon CH, Gould R, Hall DJ, Krishnam M, Lamba R, McNitt-Gray M, Seibert A, Miglioretti DL. Radiation Doses in Consecutive CT Examinations from Five University of California Medical Centers. Radiology. 2015 Oct; 277(1):134-41. PMID: 25988262; PMCID: PMC4613871 [Available on 10/01/16].
    12. Lambert J, MacKenzie JD, Cody DD, Gould R. Techniques and tactics for optimizing CT dose in adults and children: state of the art and future advances. J Am Coll Radiol. 2014 Mar; 11(3):262-6. PMID: 24589401.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Keegan J, Miglioretti DL, Gould R, Donnelly LF, Wilson ND, Smith-Bindman R. Radiation dose metrics in CT: assessing dose using the National Quality Forum CT patient safety measure. J Am Coll Radiol. 2014 Mar; 11(3):309-15. PMID: 24589407.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Cooke DL, Stout CE, Kim WT, Hetts SW, Higashida RT, Halbach VV, Dowd CF, Gould R. Radiation dose reduction in intra-arterial chemotherapy infusion for intraocular retinoblastoma. J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Dec; 6(10):785-9. PMID: 24385553.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Alhassen F, Nguyen N, Bains S, Gould R, Seo Y, Bacharach SL, Song X, Shao L, Gullberg GT, Aparici CM. Myocardial blood flow measurement with a conventional dual-head SPECT/CT with spatiotemporal iterative reconstructions - a clinical feasibility study. Am J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2013; 4(1):53-9. PMID: 24380045; PMCID: PMC3867729.
    16. Yu JP, Kansagra AP, Naeger DM, Gould R, Coakley FV. Template-driven computed tomography radiation dose reporting: implementation of a radiology housestaff quality improvement project. Acad Radiol. 2013 Jun; 20(6):769-72. PMID: 23664402.
      View in: PubMed
    17. McCollough CH, Wang J, Gould R, Orton CG. Point/counterpoint.The use of bismuth breast shields for CT should be discouraged. Med Phys. 2012 May; 39(5):2321-4. PMID: 22559601.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Kim S, McClish M, Alhassen F, Seo Y, Shah KS, Gould R. Temperature dependent operation of PSAPD-based compact gamma camera for SPECT imaging. IEEE Trans Nucl Sci. 2011 Oct 10; 58(5):2169-2174. PMID: 24465051.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Alhassen F, Kudrolli H, Singh B, Kim S, Seo Y, Gould R, Nagarkar VV. Depth-of-Interaction Compensation Using a Focused-Cut Scintillator for a Pinhole Gamma Camera. IEEE Trans Nucl Sci. 2011 Jun 01; 58(3):634-638. PMID: 21731108.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Wang ZJ, Chen KS, Gould R, Coakley FV, Fu Y, Yeh BM. Positive enteric contrast material for abdominal and pelvic CT with automatic exposure control: what is the effect on patient radiation exposure? Eur J Radiol. 2011 Aug; 79(2):e58-62. PMID: 21493028; PMCID: PMC4117209.
    21. Coakley FV, Gould R, Yeh BM, Arenson RL. CT radiation dose: what can you do right now in your practice? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2011 Mar; 196(3):619-25. PMID: 21343506.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Kim S, Hernandez A, Alhassen F, Pivovaroff M, Cho HM, Gould R, Seo Y. Multi-Material Decomposition using Low-Current X-Ray and a Photon-Counting CZT Detector. IEEE Nucl Sci Symp Conf Rec (1997). 2011; 4735-4738. PMID: 23503709.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Kim S, McClish M, Alhassen F, Seo Y, Shah KS, Gould R. Phantom experiments on a PSAPD-based compact gamma camera with submillimeter spatial resolution for small animal SPECT. IEEE Trans Nucl Sci. 2010 Oct; 57(5):2518-2523. PMID: 21278833.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Smith-Bindman R, Lipson J, Marcus R, Kim KP, Mahesh M, Gould R, Berrington de González A, Miglioretti DL. Radiation dose associated with common computed tomography examinations and the associated lifetime attributable risk of cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2009 Dec 14; 169(22):2078-86. PMID: 20008690.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Dinov ID, Christou N, Gould R. Law of Large Numbers: the Theory, Applications and Technology-based Education. J Stat Educ. 2009 Mar; 17(1):1-19. PMID: 21603584.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Jones EF, Gould R, VanBrocklin HF. Bruce H. Hasegawa, PhD, 1951-2008. J Nucl Med. 2008 Sep; 49(9):37N-38N. PMID: 18765579.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Rinkel J, Dillon WP, Funk T, Gould R, Prevrhal S. Computed tomographic metal artifact reduction for the detection and quantitation of small features near large metallic implants: a comparison of published methods. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 2008 Jul-Aug; 32(4):621-9. PMID: 18664852.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Smith AB, Dillon WP, Lau BC, Gould R, Verdun FR, Lopez EB, Wintermark M. Radiation dose reduction strategy for CT protocols: successful implementation in neuroradiology section. Radiology. 2008 May; 247(2):499-506. PMID: 18372456.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Hsu CT, Wang ZJ, Yu AS, Gould R, Fu Y, Joe BN, Qayyum A, Breiman RS, Coakley FV, Yeh BM. Physiology of renal medullary tip hyperattenuation at unenhanced CT: urinary specific gravity and the NaCl concentration gradient. Radiology. 2008 Apr; 247(1):147-53. PMID: 18305187.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Chan WC, Joe BN, Coakley FV, Prien EL, Gould R, Prevrhal S, Barber WC, Kirkwood KS, Qayyum A, Yeh BM. Gallstone detection at CT in vitro: effect of peak voltage setting. Radiology. 2006 Nov; 241(2):546-53. PMID: 17057073.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Moore AA, Giuli L, Gould R, Hu P, Zhou K, Reuben D, Greendale G, Karlamangla A. Alcohol use, comorbidity, and mortality. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 May; 54(5):757-62. PMID: 16696740.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Moore AA, Gould R, Reuben DB, Greendale GA, Carter MK, Zhou K, Karlamangla A. Longitudinal patterns and predictors of alcohol consumption in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2005 Mar; 95(3):458-65. PMID: 15727977; PMCID: PMC1449202.
    33. Andriole KP, Luth DM, Gould R. Workflow assessment of digital versus computed radiography and screen-film in the outpatient environment. J Digit Imaging. 2002; 15 Suppl 1:124-6. PMID: 12105711.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Hamm B, Thoeni RF, Gould R, Bernardino ME, Lüning M, Saini S, Mahfouz AE, Taupitz M, Wolf KJ. Focal liver lesions: characterization with nonenhanced and dynamic contrast material-enhanced MR imaging. Radiology. 1994 Feb; 190(2):417-23. PMID: 8284392.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Jaschke W, Lipton MJ, Gould R, Georgi M. [Cine-CT: a new procedure in x-ray computed tomography]. Rontgenpraxis. 1988 Jun; 41(6):205-11. PMID: 3388143.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Sechtem U, Pflugfelder PW, Gould R, Cassidy MM, Higgins CB. Measurement of right and left ventricular volumes in healthy individuals with cine MR imaging. Radiology. 1987 Jun; 163(3):697-702. PMID: 3575717.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Mayo JR, Webb WR, Gould R, Stein MG, Bass I, Gamsu G, Goldberg HI. High-resolution CT of the lungs: an optimal approach. Radiology. 1987 May; 163(2):507-10. PMID: 3562834.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Jaschke W, Cogan MG, Sievers R, Gould R, Lipton MJ. Measurement of renal blood flow by cine computed tomography. Kidney Int. 1987 Apr; 31(4):1038-42. PMID: 3586494.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Jaschke W, Gould R, Assimakopoulos PA, Lipton MJ. Flow measurements with a high-speed computed tomography scanner. Med Phys. 1987 Mar-Apr; 14(2):238-43. PMID: 3587146.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Sechtem U, Pflugfelder PW, White RD, Gould R, Holt W, Lipton MJ, Higgins CB. Cine MR imaging: potential for the evaluation of cardiovascular function. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1987 Feb; 148(2):239-46. PMID: 3492096.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Lanzer P, Garrett J, Lipton MJ, Gould R, Sievers R, O'Connell W, Botvinick E, Higgins CB. Quantitation of regional myocardial function by cine computed tomography: pharmacologic changes in wall thickness. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Sep; 8(3):682-92. PMID: 3745717.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Helms CA, Gillespy T, Gould R, Ware WH. Cine-CT of the temporomandibular joint. Cranio. 1986 Jul; 4(3):246-50. PMID: 3460712.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Farmer D, Lipton MJ, Gould R, Higgins CB. High-speed (cine) computed tomography of the heart. Cardiovasc Clin. 1986; 17(1):345-56. PMID: 3768924.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Denardo SJ, Anderson DJ, Gould R, Lipton MJ, Brundage BH, Ports TA. Feasibility, reliability, and advantage of utilizing low contrast dose digital subtraction ventriculography in a conventional catheterization laboratory. Am Heart J. 1985 Sep; 110(3):631-6. PMID: 3898796.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Norman D, Brant-Zawadzki M, Gould R, Newton TH. Optimal iodine concentration in digital subtraction arteriography. Invest Radiol. 1984 Nov-Dec; 19(6 Suppl):S368-70. PMID: 6392167.
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    46. Brasch RC, Gould R. Direct magnification radiography of the newborn infant. Radiology. 1982 Mar; 142(3):649-55. PMID: 7063679.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Goldberg HI, Gould R, Rosenquist J, Royal S, Owen RL, Silverman S. In vivo demonstration of small intestinal villi in dogs and monkeys using radiographic magnification. Radiology. 1982 Jan; 142(1):53-8. PMID: 7053547.
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    48. Brasch RC, Randel SB, Gould R. Follow-up of Wilms tumor: comparison of CT with other imaging procedures. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1981 Nov; 137(5):1005-9. PMID: 6270992.
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    49. Gould R, Genant HK. Quantitative and qualitative comparison of two microfocus-tube imaging systems. Radiology. 1981 Jan; 138(1):195-201. PMID: 7455083.
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    50. Gould R, Belanger B, Goldberg HI, Moss A. Objective performance measurements versus perceived image quality in intensified fluoroscopic or photospot images. Radiology. 1980 Dec; 137(3):783-8. PMID: 7444062.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Brasch RC, Gould R. The fork-lift infant elevator for neonatal magnification radiography. Radiology. 1980 Jul; 136(1):232-3. PMID: 7384506.
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    52. Gould R, Judy PF, Bjärngard BE. Noise characteristics of a microchannel plate x-ray image intensifier. Med Phys. 1978 Mar-Apr; 5(2):115-9. PMID: 683149.
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    53. Gould R. Image resolution of a microchannel plate x-ray image intensifier. Med Phys. 1978 Jan-Feb; 5(1):27-30. PMID: 634230.
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    54. Leeming BW, Hames OS, Gould R, Locke E. A comparison of fluoroscopically controlled patient positioning and conventional positioning, including comparative dosimetry. Radiology. 1977 Jul; 124(1):231-4. PMID: 866644.
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