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Robert Raffai, PhD

TitleAssociate Professor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentSurgery
Address4150 Clement St
San Francisco CA 94121
Phone415-221-4810
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Hyperglycemia and MicroRNA Dysregulation of Inflammation in Atherosclerosis
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL133575Jun 1, 2016 - Mar 31, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Does Diabetic Hyperglycemia Regulate Atherosclerosis Progression and Regression?
    VA I01BX000532Oct 1, 2009 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Role of apolipoprotein E4 in the progression and regression of atherosclerosis
    NIH/NHLBI R01HL089871Sep 26, 2007 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Ceron CS, Baligand C, Joshi SK, Wanga S, Cowley PM, Walker JP, Song SH, Mahimkar R, Baker AJ, Raffai R, Wang ZJ, Lovett DH. An Intracellular Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 Isoform Induces Tubular Regulated Necrosis: Implications for Acute Kidney Injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2017 Mar 22; ajprenal.00461.2016. PMID: 28331061.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Cheung KH, Keerthikumar S, Roncaglia P, Subramanian SL, Roth ME, Samuel M, Anand S, Gangoda L, Gould S, Alexander R, Galas D, Gerstein MB, Hill AF, Kitchen RR, Lötvall J, Patel T, Procaccini DC, Quesenberry P, Rozowsky J, Raffai R, Shypitsyna A, Su AI, Théry C, Vickers K, Wauben MH, Mathivanan S, Milosavljevic A, Laurent LC. Extending gene ontology in the context of extracellular RNA and vesicle communication. J Biomed Semantics. 2016; 7:19. PMID: 27076901.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Tie G, Yan J, Messina JA, Raffai R, Messina LM. Inhibition of p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Enhances the Apoptosis Induced by Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein in Endothelial Progenitor Cells. J Vasc Res. 2015; 52(6):361-71. PMID: 27031525.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Luk FS, Kim RY, Li K, Ching D, Wong DK, Joshi SK, Imhof I, Honbo N, Hoover H, Zhu BQ, Lovett DH, Karliner JS, Raffai R. Immunosuppression With FTY720 Reverses Cardiac Dysfunction in Hypomorphic ApoE Mice Deficient in SR-BI Expression That Survive Myocardial Infarction Caused by Coronary Atherosclerosis. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2016 Jan; 67(1):47-56. PMID: 26322923.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Laurent LC, Abdel-Mageed AB, Adelson PD, Arango J, Balaj L, Breakefield X, Carlson E, Carter BS, Cavaller BM, Chen CC, Cocucci E, Danielson K, Courtright A, Das S, Abd Elmageed ZY, Enderle D, Ezrin A, Ferrer M, Freedman J, Galas D, Gandhi R, Huentelman MJ, Van Keuren-Jensen K, Kalani Y, Kim Y, Krichevsky AM, Lai C, Lal-Nag M, Laurent CD, Leonardo T, Li F, Malenica I, Mondal D, Nejad P, Patel T, Raffai R, Rubio R, Skog J, Spetzler R, Sun J, Tanriverdi K, Vickers K, Wang L, Wang Y, Wei Z, Weiner HL, Wong D, Yan IK, Yeri A, Gould S. Meeting report: discussions and preliminary findings on extracellular RNA measurement methods from laboratories in the NIH Extracellular RNA Communication Consortium. J Extracell Vesicles. 2015; 4:26533. PMID: 26320937; PMCID: PMC4553263.
    6. Patton JG, Franklin JL, Weaver AM, Vickers K, Zhang B, Coffey RJ, Ansel KM, Blelloch R, Goga A, Huang B, L'Etoille N, Raffai R, Lai CP, Krichevsky AM, Mateescu B, Greiner VJ, Hunter C, Voinnet O, McManus MT. Biogenesis, delivery, and function of extracellular RNA. J Extracell Vesicles. 2015; 4:27494. PMID: 26320939; PMCID: PMC4553266.
    7. Li K, Ching D, Luk FS, Raffai R. Apolipoprotein E enhances microRNA-146a in monocytes and macrophages to suppress nuclear factor-?B-driven inflammation and atherosclerosis. Circ Res. 2015 Jun 19; 117(1):e1-e11. PMID: 25904598; PMCID: PMC4475484 [Available on 06/19/16].
    8. Mattis AN, Song G, Hitchner K, Kim RY, Lee AY, Sharma AD, Malato Y, McManus MT, Esau CC, Koller E, Koliwad S, Lim LP, Maher JJ, Raffai R, Willenbring H. A screen in mice uncovers repression of lipoprotein lipase by microRNA-29a as a mechanism for lipid distribution away from the liver. Hepatology. 2015 Jan; 61(1):141-52. PMID: 25131933; PMCID: PMC4465779 [Available on 01/01/16].
    9. Gaudreault N, Kumar N, Olivas VR, Eberlé D, Stephens K, Raffai R. Hyperglycemia impairs atherosclerosis regression in mice. Am J Pathol. 2013 Dec; 183(6):1981-92. PMID: 24113453.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Lovett DH, Mahimkar R, Raffai R, Cape L, Zhu BQ, Jin ZQ, Baker AJ, Karliner JS. N-terminal truncated intracellular matrix metalloproteinase-2 induces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, inflammation and systolic heart failure. PLoS One. 2013; 8(7):e68154. PMID: 23874529; PMCID: PMC3712965.
    11. Eberlé D, Luk FS, Kim RY, Olivas VR, Kumar N, Posada JM, Li K, Gaudreault N, Rapp JH, Raffai R. Inducible ApoE gene repair in hypomorphic ApoE mice deficient in the low-density lipoprotein receptor promotes atheroma stabilization with a human-like lipoprotein profile. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013 Aug; 33(8):1759-67. PMID: 23788760; PMCID: PMC3811094.
    12. Raffai R. Apolipoprotein E regulation of myeloid cell plasticity in atherosclerosis. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2012 Oct; 23(5):471-8. PMID: 22892903.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Gaudreault N, Kumar N, Olivas VR, Eberlé D, Rapp JH, Raffai R. Macrophage-specific apoE gene repair reduces diet-induced hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis in hypomorphic Apoe mice. PLoS One. 2012; 7(5):e35816. PMID: 22606237; PMCID: PMC3351426.
    14. Lovett DH, Mahimkar R, Raffai R, Cape L, Maklashina E, Cecchini G, Karliner JS. A novel intracellular isoform of matrix metalloproteinase-2 induced by oxidative stress activates innate immunity. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e34177. PMID: 22509276; PMCID: PMC3317925.
    15. Eberlé D, Kim RY, Luk FS, de Mochel NS, Gaudreault N, Olivas VR, Kumar N, Posada JM, Birkeland AC, Rapp JH, Raffai R. Apolipoprotein E4 domain interaction accelerates diet-induced atherosclerosis in hypomorphic Arg-61 apoe mice. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 May; 32(5):1116-23. PMID: 22441102; PMCID: PMC3346714.
    16. Gaudreault N, Kumar N, Posada JM, Stephens KB, Reyes de Mochel NS, Eberlé D, Olivas VR, Kim RY, Harms MJ, Johnson S, Messina LM, Rapp JH, Raffai R. ApoE suppresses atherosclerosis by reducing lipid accumulation in circulating monocytes and the expression of inflammatory molecules on monocytes and vascular endothelium. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2012 Feb; 32(2):264-72. PMID: 22053073; PMCID: PMC3275345.
    17. Tie G, Yan J, Yang Y, Park BD, Messina JA, Raffai R, Nowicki PT, Messina LM. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein induces apoptosis in endothelial progenitor cells by inactivating the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt pathway. J Vasc Res. 2010; 47(6):519-30. PMID: 20431300; PMCID: PMC2945270.
    18. Tao R, Hoover HE, Honbo N, Kalinowski M, Alano CC, Karliner JS, Raffai R. High-density lipoprotein determines adult mouse cardiomyocyte fate after hypoxia-reoxygenation through lipoprotein-associated sphingosine 1-phosphate. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010 Mar; 298(3):H1022-8. PMID: 20061542; PMCID: PMC2838562.
    19. Zhang S, Picard MH, Vasile E, Zhu Y, Raffai R, Weisgraber KH, Krieger M. Diet-induced occlusive coronary atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, cardiac dysfunction, and premature death in scavenger receptor class B type I-deficient, hypomorphic apolipoprotein ER61 mice. Circulation. 2005 Jun 28; 111(25):3457-64. PMID: 15967843.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Carpenter B, Lin Y, Stoll S, Raffai R, McCuskey R, Wang R. VEGF is crucial for the hepatic vascular development required for lipoprotein uptake. Development. 2005 Jul; 132(14):3293-303. PMID: 15944181.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Raffai R, Loeb SM, Weisgraber KH. Apolipoprotein E promotes the regression of atherosclerosis independently of lowering plasma cholesterol levels. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Feb; 25(2):436-41. PMID: 15591220.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Raffai R, Weisgraber KH. Cholesterol: from heart attacks to Alzheimer's disease. J Lipid Res. 2003 Aug; 44(8):1423-30. PMID: 12837845.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Raffai R, Weisgraber KH. Hypomorphic apolipoprotein E mice: a new model of conditional gene repair to examine apolipoprotein E-mediated metabolism. J Biol Chem. 2002 Mar 29; 277(13):11064-8. PMID: 11792702.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Raffai R, Dong LM, Farese RV, Weisgraber KH. Introduction of human apolipoprotein E4 "domain interaction" into mouse apolipoprotein E. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2001 Sep 25; 98(20):11587-91. PMID: 11553788; PMCID: PMC58773.
    25. Raffai R, Maurice R, Weisgraber K, Innerarity T, Wang X, MacKenzie R, Hirama T, Watson D, Rassart E, Milne R. Molecular characterization of two monoclonal antibodies specific for the LDL receptor-binding site of human apolipoprotein E. J Lipid Res. 1995 Sep; 36(9):1905-18. PMID: 8558079.
      View in: PubMed
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