Michael Brainard, PhD

SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
Address675 Nelson Rising Lane
San Francisco CA 94158
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    Organization and experience-dependence of auditory coding in forebrain
    NIH/NIDCD R01DC011356Mar 25, 2012 - Feb 28, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Learning in neural circuits: applied optogenetics in non-genetic models
    NIH/NINDS RC2NS069350Sep 30, 2009 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Variation as a Neural Code
    NIH/NIMH P50MH077970Sep 8, 2006 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Behavioral and Neural Analysis of Vocal Plasticity
    NIH/NIDCD R01DC006636Apr 1, 2004 - Jun 30, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Neural Analysis of Vocal Learning
    NIH/NIMH R01MH055987Jul 1, 1996 - Jul 31, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Bouchard KE, Brainard MS. Auditory-induced neural dynamics in sensory-motor circuitry predict learned temporal and sequential statistics of birdsong. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Aug 23; 113(34):9641-6. PMID: 27506786.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Wittenbach JD, Bouchard KE, Brainard MS, Jin DZ. An Adapting Auditory-motor Feedback Loop Can Contribute to Generating Vocal Repetition. PLoS Comput Biol. 2015 Oct; 11(10):e1004471. PMID: 26448054; PMCID: PMC4598084.
    3. Bouchard KE, Ganguli S, Brainard MS. Role of the site of synaptic competition and the balance of learning forces for Hebbian encoding of probabilistic Markov sequences. Front Comput Neurosci. 2015; 9:92. PMID: 26257637; PMCID: PMC4508839.
    4. Brainard MS, Fitch WT. Editorial overview: communication and language: animal communication and human language. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2014 Oct; 28:v-viii. PMID: 25192981.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Bouchard KE, Brainard MS. Neural encoding and integration of learned probabilistic sequences in avian sensory-motor circuitry. J Neurosci. 2013 Nov 6; 33(45):17710-23. PMID: 24198363; PMCID: PMC3818547.
    6. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Translating birdsong: songbirds as a model for basic and applied medical research. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2013 Jul 8; 36:489-517. PMID: 23750515; PMCID: PMC4130661.
    7. Sober SJ, Brainard MS. Vocal learning is constrained by the statistics of sensorimotor experience. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Dec 18; 109(51):21099-103. PMID: 23213223; PMCID: PMC3529072.
    8. Warren TL, Charlesworth JD, Tumer EC, Brainard MS. Variable sequencing is actively maintained in a well learned motor skill. J Neurosci. 2012 Oct 31; 32(44):15414-25. PMID: 23115179; PMCID: PMC3752123.
    9. Charlesworth JD, Warren TL, Brainard MS. Covert skill learning in a cortical-basal ganglia circuit. Nature. 2012 Jun 14; 486(7402):251-5. PMID: 22699618; PMCID: PMC3377745.
    10. Warren TL, Tumer EC, Charlesworth JD, Brainard MS. Mechanisms and time course of vocal learning and consolidation in the adult songbird. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Oct; 106(4):1806-21. PMID: 21734110; PMCID: PMC3191835.
    11. Charlesworth JD, Tumer EC, Warren TL, Brainard MS. Learning the microstructure of successful behavior. Nat Neurosci. 2011 Mar; 14(3):373-80. PMID: 21278732; PMCID: PMC3045469.
    12. Wohlgemuth MJ, Sober SJ, Brainard MS. Linked control of syllable sequence and phonology in birdsong. J Neurosci. 2010 Sep 29; 30(39):12936-49. PMID: 20881112; PMCID: PMC2965410.
    13. Sakata JT, Brainard MS. Social context rapidly modulates the influence of auditory feedback on avian vocal motor control. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Oct; 102(4):2485-97. PMID: 19692513; PMCID: PMC2775389.
    14. Sober SJ, Brainard MS. Adult birdsong is actively maintained by error correction. Nat Neurosci. 2009 Jul; 12(7):927-31. PMID: 19525945; PMCID: PMC2701972.
    15. Hampton CM, Sakata JT, Brainard MS. An avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit contributes differentially to syllable versus sequence variability of adult Bengalese finch song. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Jun; 101(6):3235-45. PMID: 19357331; PMCID: PMC2694116.
    16. Sakata JT, Brainard MS. Online contributions of auditory feedback to neural activity in avian song control circuitry. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 29; 28(44):11378-90. PMID: 18971480; PMCID: PMC2597407.
    17. Sober SJ, Wohlgemuth MJ, Brainard MS. Central contributions to acoustic variation in birdsong. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 8; 28(41):10370-9. PMID: 18842896; PMCID: PMC2613831.
    18. Sakata JT, Hampton CM, Brainard MS. Social modulation of sequence and syllable variability in adult birdsong. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Apr; 99(4):1700-11. PMID: 18216221.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Tumer EC, Brainard MS. Performance variability enables adaptive plasticity of 'crystallized' adult birdsong. Nature. 2007 Dec 20; 450(7173):1240-4. PMID: 18097411.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Sakata JT, Brainard MS. Real-time contributions of auditory feedback to avian vocal motor control. J Neurosci. 2006 Sep 20; 26(38):9619-28. PMID: 16988032.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Kao MH, Brainard MS. Lesions of an avian basal ganglia circuit prevent context-dependent changes to song variability. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Sep; 96(3):1441-55. PMID: 16723412.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS. Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature. 2005 Feb 10; 433(7026):638-43. PMID: 15703748.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Brainard MS. Contributions of the anterior forebrain pathway to vocal plasticity. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Jun; 1016:377-94. PMID: 15313786.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. What songbirds teach us about learning. Nature. 2002 May 16; 417(6886):351-8. PMID: 12015616.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Postlearning consolidation of birdsong: stabilizing effects of age and anterior forebrain lesions. J Neurosci. 2001 Apr 1; 21(7):2501-17. PMID: 11264324.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Solis MM, Brainard MS, Hessler NA, Doupe AJ. Song selectivity and sensorimotor signals in vocal learning and production. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Oct 24; 97(22):11836-42. PMID: 11050217; PMCID: PMC34357.
    27. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Auditory feedback in learning and maintenance of vocal behaviour. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2000 Oct; 1(1):31-40. PMID: 11252766.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations. Nature. 2000 Apr 13; 404(6779):762-6. PMID: 10783889.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Images in neuroscience. Brain development, V: Experience affects brain development. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Aug; 155(8):1000. PMID: 9699684.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Sensitive periods for visual calibration of the auditory space map in the barn owl optic tectum. J Neurosci. 1998 May 15; 18(10):3929-42. PMID: 9570820.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Feldman DE, Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Newly learned auditory responses mediated by NMDA receptors in the owl inferior colliculus. Science. 1996 Jan 26; 271(5248):525-8. PMID: 8560271.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Dynamics of visually guided auditory plasticity in the optic tectum of the barn owl. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Feb; 73(2):595-614. PMID: 7760121.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Knudsen EI, Brainard MS. Creating a unified representation of visual and auditory space in the brain. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1995; 18:19-43. PMID: 7605060.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Brainard MS. Neural substrates of sound localization. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1994 Aug; 4(4):557-62. PMID: 7812145.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Experience-dependent plasticity in the inferior colliculus: a site for visual calibration of the neural representation of auditory space in the barn owl. J Neurosci. 1993 Nov; 13(11):4589-608. PMID: 8229186.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Brainard M, Knudsen EI, Esterly SD. Neural derivation of sound source location: resolution of spatial ambiguities in binaural cues. J Acoust Soc Am. 1992 Feb; 91(2):1015-27. PMID: 1556303.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Knudsen EI, Brainard M. Visual instruction of the neural map of auditory space in the developing optic tectum. Science. 1991 Jul 5; 253(5015):85-7. PMID: 2063209.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Zagotta WN, Brainard M, Aldrich RW. Single-channel analysis of four distinct classes of potassium channels in Drosophila muscle. J Neurosci. 1988 Dec; 8(12):4765-79. PMID: 3199204.
      View in: PubMed
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