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    Michael Brainard, PhD

    SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
    Address675 Nelson Rising Lane
    San Francisco CA 94158
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      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Wittenbach JD, Bouchard KE, Brainard MS, Jin DZ. An Adapting Auditory-motor Feedback Loop Can Contribute to Generating Vocal Repetition. PLoS Comput Biol. 2015 Oct; 11(10):e1004471.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Bouchard KE, Ganguli S, Brainard MS. Role of the site of synaptic competition and the balance of learning forces for Hebbian encoding of probabilistic Markov sequences. Front Comput Neurosci. 2015; 9:92.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Brainard MS, Fitch WT. Editorial overview: communication and language: animal communication and human language. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2014 Oct; 28:v-viii.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Bouchard KE, Brainard MS. Neural encoding and integration of learned probabilistic sequences in avian sensory-motor circuitry. J Neurosci. 2013 Nov 6; 33(45):17710-23.
        View in: PubMed PMC3818547
      5. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Translating birdsong: songbirds as a model for basic and applied medical research. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2013 Jul 8; 36:489-517.
        View in: PubMed PMC4130661
      6. Sober SJ, Brainard MS. Vocal learning is constrained by the statistics of sensorimotor experience. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Dec 18; 109(51):21099-103.
        View in: PubMed PMC3529072
      7. Warren TL, Charlesworth JD, Tumer EC, Brainard MS. Variable sequencing is actively maintained in a well learned motor skill. J Neurosci. 2012 Oct 31; 32(44):15414-25.
        View in: PubMed PMC3752123
      8. Charlesworth JD, Warren TL, Brainard MS. Covert skill learning in a cortical-basal ganglia circuit. Nature. 2012 Jun 14; 486(7402):251-5.
        View in: PubMed PMC3377745
      9. Warren TL, Tumer EC, Charlesworth JD, Brainard MS. Mechanisms and time course of vocal learning and consolidation in the adult songbird. J Neurophysiol. 2011 Oct; 106(4):1806-21.
        View in: PubMed PMC3191835
      10. Charlesworth JD, Tumer EC, Warren TL, Brainard MS. Learning the microstructure of successful behavior. Nat Neurosci. 2011 Mar; 14(3):373-80.
        View in: PubMed PMC3045469
      11. Wohlgemuth MJ, Sober SJ, Brainard MS. Linked control of syllable sequence and phonology in birdsong. J Neurosci. 2010 Sep 29; 30(39):12936-49.
        View in: PubMed PMC2965410
      12. Sakata JT, Brainard MS. Social context rapidly modulates the influence of auditory feedback on avian vocal motor control. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Oct; 102(4):2485-97.
        View in: PubMed PMC2775389
      13. Sober SJ, Brainard MS. Adult birdsong is actively maintained by error correction. Nat Neurosci. 2009 Jul; 12(7):927-31.
        View in: PubMed PMC2701972
      14. Hampton CM, Sakata JT, Brainard MS. An avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit contributes differentially to syllable versus sequence variability of adult Bengalese finch song. J Neurophysiol. 2009 Jun; 101(6):3235-45.
        View in: PubMed PMC2694116
      15. Sakata JT, Brainard MS. Online contributions of auditory feedback to neural activity in avian song control circuitry. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 29; 28(44):11378-90.
        View in: PubMed PMC2597407
      16. Sober SJ, Wohlgemuth MJ, Brainard MS. Central contributions to acoustic variation in birdsong. J Neurosci. 2008 Oct 8; 28(41):10370-9.
        View in: PubMed PMC2613831
      17. Sakata JT, Hampton CM, Brainard MS. Social modulation of sequence and syllable variability in adult birdsong. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Apr; 99(4):1700-11.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Tumer EC, Brainard MS. Performance variability enables adaptive plasticity of 'crystallized' adult birdsong. Nature. 2007 Dec 20; 450(7173):1240-4.
        View in: PubMed
      19. Sakata JT, Brainard MS. Real-time contributions of auditory feedback to avian vocal motor control. J Neurosci. 2006 Sep 20; 26(38):9619-28.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Kao MH, Brainard MS. Lesions of an avian basal ganglia circuit prevent context-dependent changes to song variability. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Sep; 96(3):1441-55.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS. Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature. 2005 Feb 10; 433(7026):638-43.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Brainard MS. Contributions of the anterior forebrain pathway to vocal plasticity. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Jun; 1016:377-94.
        View in: PubMed
      23. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. What songbirds teach us about learning. Nature. 2002 May 16; 417(6886):351-8.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Postlearning consolidation of birdsong: stabilizing effects of age and anterior forebrain lesions. J Neurosci. 2001 Apr 1; 21(7):2501-17.
        View in: PubMed
      25. Solis MM, Brainard MS, Hessler NA, Doupe AJ. Song selectivity and sensorimotor signals in vocal learning and production. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Oct 24; 97(22):11836-42.
        View in: PubMed PMC34357
      26. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Auditory feedback in learning and maintenance of vocal behaviour. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2000 Oct; 1(1):31-40.
        View in: PubMed
      27. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations. Nature. 2000 Apr 13; 404(6779):762-6.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Images in neuroscience. Brain development, V: Experience affects brain development. Am J Psychiatry. 1998 Aug; 155(8):1000.
        View in: PubMed
      29. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Sensitive periods for visual calibration of the auditory space map in the barn owl optic tectum. J Neurosci. 1998 May 15; 18(10):3929-42.
        View in: PubMed
      30. Feldman DE, Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Newly learned auditory responses mediated by NMDA receptors in the owl inferior colliculus. Science. 1996 Jan 26; 271(5248):525-8.
        View in: PubMed
      31. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Dynamics of visually guided auditory plasticity in the optic tectum of the barn owl. J Neurophysiol. 1995 Feb; 73(2):595-614.
        View in: PubMed
      32. Knudsen EI, Brainard MS. Creating a unified representation of visual and auditory space in the brain. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1995; 18:19-43.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Brainard MS. Neural substrates of sound localization. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 1994 Aug; 4(4):557-62.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI. Experience-dependent plasticity in the inferior colliculus: a site for visual calibration of the neural representation of auditory space in the barn owl. J Neurosci. 1993 Nov; 13(11):4589-608.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Brainard MS, Knudsen EI, Esterly SD. Neural derivation of sound source location: resolution of spatial ambiguities in binaural cues. J Acoust Soc Am. 1992 Feb; 91(2):1015-27.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Knudsen EI, Brainard MS. Visual instruction of the neural map of auditory space in the developing optic tectum. Science. 1991 Jul 5; 253(5015):85-7.
        View in: PubMed
      37. Zagotta WN, Brainard MS, Aldrich RW. Single-channel analysis of four distinct classes of potassium channels in Drosophila muscle. J Neurosci. 1988 Dec; 8(12):4765-79.
        View in: PubMed
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