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Carroll Estes, PhD, FAAN

TitleProfessor Emeritus
SchoolUCSF School of Nursing
DepartmentSocial Behavioral Sciences
Address3333 California Street
San Francisco CA 94118
Phone415-476-3236
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    Carroll L. Estes is Professor Emerita of Sociology at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) where she founded and directed the campus-wide Institute for Health & Aging (1979-1998), and chaired the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences (1981-1992) in the School of Nursing. Dr Estes is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and past President of three national organizations in aging: The Gerontological Society of America (GSA), the American Society on Aging (ASA) and the Association for Gerontology in Higher Education (AGHE). Dr. Estes is past-chair of the Board of Directors of The National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare and its Foundation. Currently she is Board Chair of the Center for Global Policy Solutions. She served as consultant to U. S. Commissioners of Social Security and to U. S. Senate and House Committees on Aging for three decades. In 2014 Estes received the University of California Medal, UCSF’s highest recognition. The League of Women Voters named Estes, “A Woman Who Could Be President” (San Francisco, 1998). The National Organization of Women (NOW) honored her as a “Woman of Action” (2012). Other academic honors include the UCSF Faculty Research Lecturer, The Chancellor’s Award for the Advancement of Women, and both the School of Nursing’s Nahm Research Award and its Doctoral Mentor Award. Estes has received Distinguished Scholar Awards of the American Sociological Association, the Pacific Sociological Association. the American Public Health Association (APHA), the American Society on Aging (ASA), the Gerontological Society (GSA) and AGHE. For her scholarship and public service, she has awards from the National Senior Citizens Law Center, Sociologists for Women in Society, and Gray Panthers. She is honorary fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN). Her current research is on Social Security and Medicare policy, health reform, long term care, and elder women’s economic and health security. Credited as a founding scholar of the “political economy of aging” and “critical gerontology,” Estes is a writer and public speaker who has authored, co-authored, and co-edited 24 books including: The Aging Enterprise (1979), Social Policy and Aging (2001), Social Theory, Social Policy and Ageing (2003), Social Insurance and Social Justice: The Campaign Against Social Security and Medicare (2009), and Health Policy: Crisis and Reform (2013). Her book, The Long Term Care Crisis, was a 1994 Most Important Book (Choice Magazine). Her latest book is Critical Aging Policy: A to Z (Routledge, 2018). Dr. Estes’ peer reviewed research appears in The Journal of the American Medical Association, The Health Care Financing Review, Health Affairs, Milbank Quarterly, Social Science and Medicine, The American Journal of Public Health, The American Journal of Sociology, The Gerontologist, and other journals. Her edited volumes, The Nation’s Health (with Philip Lee) and Health Policy (with Charlene Harrington), have been adopted in 400 Schools of Medicine and Nursing. Estes received her A.B. from Stanford University, M.A. from Southern Methodist University, Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, and an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Russell Sage College. She has been visiting professor at the London School of Economics and the Sorbonne in Paris. Estes has one daughter, Duskie Lynn Estes, a son-in-law, John Stewart, both award winning chefs, and two grand-daughters, Brydie and MacKenzie Estes Stewart.


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    UNCERTIFIED UNLICENSED HOMECARE STRUCTURE &PERFORMANCE
    AHRQ R01HS006860Aug 1, 1991 - Jul 31, 1994
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Hollister BA, Estes C. Local Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program effectiveness and the measurement of program resources. J Appl Gerontol. 2013 Sep; 32(6):708-28. PMID: 25474795.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Pelham A, Schafer D, Abbott P, Estes C. Professionalizing gerontology: why AGHE must accredit gerontology programs. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2012; 33(1):6-19. PMID: 22289063.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Solway E, Estes C, Goldberg S, Berry J. Access barriers to mental health services for older adults from diverse populations: perspectives of leaders in mental health and aging. J Aging Soc Policy. 2010 Oct; 22(4):360-78. PMID: 20924892.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Estes C, Lohrer SP, Goldberg S, Grossman BR, Nelson M, Koren MJ, Hollister B. Factors associated with perceived effectiveness of local long-term care ombudsman programs in New York and California. J Aging Health. 2010 Sep; 22(6):772-803. PMID: 20495151.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Areán PA, Ayalon L, Jin C, McCulloch CE, Linkins K, Chen H, McDonnell-Herr B, Levkoff S, Estes C. Integrated specialty mental health care among older minorities improves access but not outcomes: results of the PRISMe study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2008 Oct; 23(10):1086-92. PMID: 18727133.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Areán PA, Ayalon L, Jin C, McCulloch CE, Linkins K, Chen H, McDonnell-Herr B, Levkoff S, Estes C. Retracted: Integrated specialty mental health care among older minorities improves access but not outcomes: results of the PRISMe study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2008 Oct; 23(10). PMID: 18613209.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Lynch M, Hernandez M, Estes C. PACE: has it changed the chronic care paradigm? Soc Work Public Health. 2008; 23(4):3-24. PMID: 19213475.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Ayalon L, Areán PA, Linkins K, Lynch M, Estes C. Integration of mental health services into primary care overcomes ethnic disparities in access to mental health services between black and white elderly. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007 Oct; 15(10):906-12. PMID: 17911367.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Svihula J, Estes C. Social security politics: ideology and reform. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2007 Mar; 62(2):S79-89. PMID: 17379685.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Estes C, Goldberg S, Wellin C, Linkins KW, Shostak S, Beard RL. Implications of welfare reform on the elderly: a case study of provider, advocate, and consumer perspectives. J Aging Soc Policy. 2006; 18(1):41-63. PMID: 16635980.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Estes C, Zulman DM, Goldberg SC, Ogawa DD. State long term care ombudsman programs: factors associated with perceived effectiveness. Gerontologist. 2004 Feb; 44(1):104-15. PMID: 14978326.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Areán PA, Alvidrez J, Nery R, Estes C, Linkins K. Recruitment and retention of older minorities in mental health services research. Gerontologist. 2003 Feb; 43(1):36-44. PMID: 12604744.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Estes C, Phillipson C. The globalization of capital, the welfare state, and old age policy. Int J Health Serv. 2002; 32(2):279-97. PMID: 12067032.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Estes C, Seymour RB, Yue MC. California Collaborative Center for Substance Abuse Policy Research: a history and update. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2001 Oct-Dec; 33(4):339-42. PMID: 11824692.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Weitz T, Estes C. Adding aging and gender to the women's health agenda. J Women Aging. 2001; 13(2):3-20. PMID: 11569592.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Schunk MV, Estes C. Is German long-term care insurance a model for the United States? Int J Health Serv. 2001; 31(3):617-34. PMID: 11562009.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Wiener JM, Estes C, Goldenson SM, Goldberg SC. What happened to long-term care in the health reform debate of 1993-1994? Lessons for the future. Milbank Q. 2001; 79(2):207-52, IV. PMID: 11439465; PMCID: PMC2751189.
    18. Clark MJ, Schmitz S, Conrad A, Estes C, Healy MM, Hiltibidal J. The effects of an intervention campaign to enhance seat belt use on campus. J Am Coll Health. 1999 May; 47(6):277-80. PMID: 10368562.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Torrez DJ, Estes C, Linkens K. The impact of a decade of policy on home health care utilization. Home Health Care Serv Q. 1998; 16(4):35-56. PMID: 10178556.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Estes C, Linkins KW. Devolution and aging policy: racing to the bottom in long-term care. Int J Health Serv. 1997; 27(3):427-42. PMID: 9285275.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Imershein AW, Estes C. From health services to medical markets: the commodity transformation of medical production and the nonprofit sector. Int J Health Serv. 1996; 26(2):221-38. PMID: 9132373.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Swan JH, Estes C, Harrington C. Nursing home waits for admission in an era of change. J Health Soc Policy. 1995; 7(2):33-45. PMID: 10154509.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Bradsher JE, Estes C, Stuart MH. Adult day care: a fragmented system of policy and funding streams. J Aging Soc Policy. 1995; 7(1):17-38. PMID: 10183206.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Estes C, Bodenheimer T. Paying for long-term care. West J Med. 1994 Jan; 160(1):64-9. PMID: 8128712; PMCID: PMC1022265.
    25. Estes C, Swan JH. Privatization, system membership, and access to home health care for the elderly. Milbank Q. 1994; 72(2):277-98. PMID: 8007900.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Estes C. The 1992 Kent Lecture. The aging enterprise revisited. Gerontologist. 1993 Jun; 33(3):292-8. PMID: 8325515.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Estes C, Swan JH, Bergthold LA, Spohn PH. Running as fast as they can: organizational changes in home health care. Home Health Care Serv Q. 1992; 13(1-2):35-69. PMID: 10126432.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Estes C, Binney EA, Culbertson RA. The gerontological imagination: social influences on the development of gerontology, 1945-present. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 1992; 35(1):49-65. PMID: 1506117.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Harrington C, Cassel C, Estes C, Woolhandler S, Himmelstein DU. A national long-term care program for the United States. A caring vision. The Working Group on Long-term Care Program Design, Physicians for a National Health Program. JAMA. 1991 Dec 04; 266(21):3023-9. PMID: 1820477.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Arendell T, Estes C. Older women in the post-Reagan era. Int J Health Serv. 1991; 21(1):59-73. PMID: 2004873.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Swan JH, Estes C. Changes in aged populations served by home health agencies. J Aging Health. 1990 Aug; 2(3):373-94. PMID: 10105401.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Wood JB, Estes C. The impact of DRGs on community-based service providers: implications for the elderly. Am J Public Health. 1990 Jul; 80(7):840-3. PMID: 2162630; PMCID: PMC1404983.
    33. Goldberg SC, Estes C. Medicare DRGs and post-hospital care for the elderly: does out of the hospital mean out of luck? J Appl Gerontol. 1990 Mar; 9(1):20-35. PMID: 10128531.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Binney EA, Estes C, Ingman SR. Medicalization, public policy and the elderly: social services in jeopardy? Soc Sci Med. 1990; 30(7):761-71. PMID: 2315744.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Bergthold LA, Estes C, Villanueva A. Public light and private dark: the privatization of home health services for the elderly in the U.S. Home Health Care Serv Q. 1990; 11(3-4):7-33. PMID: 10108800.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Estes C, Binney EA. The biomedicalization of aging: dangers and dilemmas. Gerontologist. 1989 Oct; 29(5):587-96. PMID: 2689292.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Kerin PB, Estes C, Douglass EB. Federal funding for aging education and research: a decade analysis. Gerontologist. 1989 Oct; 29(5):606-14. PMID: 2689294.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Swan JH, Fox PJ, Estes C. Geriatric services: community mental health center boon or bane? Community Ment Health J. 1989; 25(4):327-40. PMID: 2627775.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Estes C. Cost containment and the elderly: conflict or challenge? J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jan; 36(1):68-72. PMID: 3275708.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Binney EA, Estes C. The retreat of the state and its transfer of responsibility: the intergenerational war. Int J Health Serv. 1988; 18(1):83-96. PMID: 3126157.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Wood JB, Estes C. "Medicalization" of community services for the elderly. Health Soc Work. 1988; 13(1):35-42. PMID: 3345961.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Estes C. Cost containment and the elderly: conflict or challenge? J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jan; 36(1):65-72. PMID: 11644296.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Estes C, Binney EA. Toward a transformation of health and aging policy. Int J Health Serv. 1988; 18(1):69-82. PMID: 3278989.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Spohn PH, Bergthold L, Estes C. From cottages to condos: the expansion of the home health care industry under Medicare. Home Health Care Serv Q. 1987-1988 Winter; 8(4):25-55. PMID: 10303109.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Fox PJ, Swan JH, Estes C. Trends in CMHC services to elderly populations. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1986 Sep; 37(9):937-9. PMID: 3758979.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Wood JB, Estes C. Health care cost containment and nonprofit homemaker/chore agencies. Caring. 1986 Sep; 5(9):26-34. PMID: 10278847.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Harrington C, Estes C, Lee PR, Newcomer RJ. Effects of state Medicaid policies on the aged. Gerontologist. 1986 Aug; 26(4):437-43. PMID: 3089879.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Estes C, Gerard L, Stone R. The policy implications of caring for older women. Bus Health. 1986 Mar; 3(4):38-40. PMID: 10300567.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Estes C. The aging enterprise: in whose interests? Int J Health Serv. 1986; 16(2):243-51. PMID: 3084395.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Swan JH, Fox PJ, Estes C. Community mental health services and the elderly: retrenchment or expansion? Community Ment Health J. 1986; 22(4):275-85. PMID: 3829603.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Wood JB, Hughes RG, Estes C. Community health centers and the elderly: a potential new alliance. J Community Health. 1986; 11(2):137-46. PMID: 3534006.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Estes C, Wood JB. The non-profit sector and community-based care for the elderly in the U.S.: a disappearing resource? Soc Sci Med. 1986; 23(12):1261-6. PMID: 3823982.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Estes C. Long-term care and public policy in an era of austerity. J Public Health Policy. 1985 Dec; 6(4):464-75. PMID: 3937846.
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    54. Estes C, Wood JB. A preliminary assessment of the impact of block grants on community mental health centers. Hosp Community Psychiatry. 1984 Nov; 35(11):1125-9. PMID: 6500525.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Estes C. The United States; long-term and Federal policy. Home Health Care Serv Q. 1984 Fall-1985 Winter; 5(3-4):315-28. PMID: 10311170.
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    56. Wood JB, Estes C. Home health care under the policies of new federalism. Caring. 1984 Jun; 3(6):58-61. PMID: 10299573.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Rice DP, Estes C. Health of the elderly: policy issues and challenges. Health Aff (Millwood). 1984; 3(4):25-49. PMID: 6442258.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Estes C, Gerard L, Clarke A. Women and the economics of aging. Int J Health Serv. 1984; 14(1):55-68. PMID: 6715094.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Estes C. Social security: the social construction of a crisis. Milbank Mem Fund Q Health Soc. 1983; 61(3):445-61. PMID: 6555592.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Lee PR, Leroy L, Estes C. Needs and planning for manpower within a health region: concepts, problems, and progress. Isr J Med Sci. 1982 Mar; 18(3):385-91. PMID: 7076489.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Estes C. Austerity and aging in the United States: 1980 and beyond. Int J Health Serv. 1982; 12(4):573-84. PMID: 6754636.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Estes C. Aging policies in the 1980s: the challenge for institutions of higher education. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 1982; 3(2):103-9. PMID: 7166241.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Estes C, Lee PR. Policy shifts and their impact on health care for elderly persons. West J Med. 1981 Dec; 135(6):511-8. PMID: 7336717; PMCID: PMC1273326.
    64. Benjamin AE, Estes C, Swan JH, Newcomer RJ. Elders and children: patterns of public policy in the fifty states. J Gerontol. 1980 Nov; 35(6):928-34. PMID: 7440933.
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    65. Lee PR, Estes C. Public policies, the aged, and long-term care. J Long Term Care Adm. 1979; 7(3):1-15. PMID: 10309060.
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    66. Estes C. Revenue sharing: implications for policy and research in aging. Gerontologist. 1976 Apr; 16(2):141-7. PMID: 1022626.
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    67. Estes C. Barriers to effective community planning for the elderly. Gerontologist. 1973; 13(2):178-83. PMID: 4710904.
      View in: PubMed
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