Waru Gichane, PhD, MSPH

Title(s)Assistant Professor, Ob/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address1330 Broadway Street, #1100
Oakland CA 94612
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    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NCPhD12/2019Health Behavior
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NCMSPH05/2016Health Behavior
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NYBS05/2012Human Development

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    Margaret (Waru) Gichane, PhD, MSPH, is an Assistant Professor and social and behavioral scientist at ANSIRH. Her research is dedicated to identifying and addressing the structural and social factors that produce disparities in sexual and reproductive health outcomes globally. In her work, she utilizes a variety of participatory and applied qualitative methods to explore quality of sexual and reproductive health services, adolescent sexual behavior, and HIV prevention and treatment interventions.
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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Access to Reproductive Health Services Among People With Disabilities. JAMA Netw Open. 2023 Nov 01; 6(11):e2344877. Biggs MA, Schroeder R, Casebolt MT, Laureano BI, Wilson-Beattie RL, Ralph LJ, Kaller S, Adler A, Gichane MW. PMID: 38019515; PMCID: PMC10687653.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Understanding Patients' Experiences with a Brief Alcohol Reduction Intervention among People Living with HIV in Uganda: A Qualitative Study. Subst Use Misuse. 2023; 58(13):1714-1721. Gichane MW, Camlin CS, Getahun M, Emenyonu N, Woolf-King S, Sanyu N, Katusiime A, Fatch R, Muyindike W, Hahn JA. PMID: 37551890; PMCID: PMC10538401.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
    3. Dismantling and reimagining global health education. Glob Health Action. 2022 12 31; 15(1):2131967. Gichane MW, Wallace DD. PMID: 36285634; PMCID: PMC9621231.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Social Determinants of Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse Among Women Living with HIV in Economically Underserved Communities in Cape Town, South Africa: A Cross-Sectional Study. AIDS Behav. 2023 Apr; 27(4):1329-1338. Browne FA, Gichane MW, Shangase N, Ndirangu J, Bonner CP, Wechsberg WM. PMID: 36344731; PMCID: PMC9640812.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Alcohol, drug use, and sexual risk among young African American women in North Carolina: is educational attainment protective?. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies. 2022. Felicia A. Browne, Courtney Peasant Bonner, Tracy L. Kline, Erin N. Cox, Margaret W. Gichane & Wendee M. Wechsberg. . View Publication.
    6. Alcohol, drug use, and sexual risk among young African American women in North Carolina: Is educational attainment protective? Vulnerable Child Youth Stud. 2023; 18(2):149-155. Browne FA, Peasant Bonner C, Kline TL, Cox EN, Gichane MW, Wechsberg WM. PMID: 38076331; PMCID: PMC10704931.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1  
    7. 'We have goals but [it is difficult]'. Barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence among women using alcohol and other drugs living with HIV in South Africa. Health Expect. 2022 04; 25(2):754-763. Ndirangu JW, Gichane MW, Browne FA, Bonner CP, Zule WA, Cox EN, Smith KM, Carney T, Wechsberg WM. PMID: 35060260; PMCID: PMC8957738.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. "Because all mothers is not the same": The development and implementation of an in loco parentis informed consent procedure to enroll adolescent girls and young women to participate in HIV research. J Adolesc. 2021 12; 93:234-244. Bonner CP, Fisher CB, Carney T, Browne FA, Gichane MW, Howard BN, Turner L, Wechsberg WM. PMID: 34896961; PMCID: PMC10916742.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Contraceptive Conversations among Adolescent Girls and Young Women and Their Partners, Peers, and Older Female Family Members in Lilongwe, Malawi: A QualitativeAnalysis. Stud Fam Plann. 2021 12; 52(4):397-413. Bhushan NL, Phanga T, Maseko B, Vansia D, Kamtsendero L, Gichane MW, Maman S, Pettifor AE, Rosenberg NE. PMID: 34585384; PMCID: PMC8664985.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Sustainability of a gender-focused HIV and alcohol risk-reduction intervention in usual care settings in South Africa: a mixed methods analysis. AIDS Care. 2021 Jan-Dec; 33(sup1):11-17. Gichane MW, Wechsberg WM, Ndirangu J, Howard B, Bonner CP, Browne FA, Zule WA. PMID: 34538158; PMCID: PMC8810583.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    11. Individual and Relationship-Level Correlates of Transactional Sex Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Malawi: A Multilevel Analysis. AIDS Behav. 2022 Mar; 26(3):822-832. Gichane MW, Rosenberg NE, Zimmer C, Pettifor AE, Maman S, Maseko B, Moracco KE. PMID: 34426863; PMCID: PMC8840914.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Impact of Women's Home Environment on Use of the Dapivirine Vaginal Ring for HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS Behav. 2021 Dec; 25(12):3847-3857. Gichane MW, Katz AWK, Ngure K, Scheckter R, Woeber K, Reddy K, Tauya T, Zimba C, Etima J, Mangxilana N, Palanee-Phillips T, van der Straten A, MTN-025/HOPE Study Team. PMID: 34009480; PMCID: PMC8602444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    13. Outcomes of Implementing in the Real World the Women's Health CoOp Intervention in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Behav. 2021 Dec; 25(Suppl 3):276-289. Wechsberg WM, Browne FA, Ndirangu J, Bonner CP, Kline TL, Gichane M, Zule WA. PMID: 33891233; PMCID: PMC8063777.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Developing a framework for cash transfer programs that foster sustained economic empowerment to reduce sexual risk among adolescent girls and young women: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2021 01 11; 21(1):122. Gangaramany A, Balvanz P, Gichane MW, Goetschius S, Sharma S, Sharma K, Mulhausen J, Noble-Campbell P, Wamoyi J, Maman S, Prasad R. PMID: 33430861; PMCID: PMC7802135.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Correction to: Conceptualization of Empowerment and Pathways Through Which Cash Transfers Work to Empower Young Women to Reduce HIV Risk: A Qualitative Study in Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2021 Jan; 25(1):294-295. Wamoyi J, Balvanz P, Atkins K, Gichane M, Majani E, Pettifor A, Maman S. PMID: 33331987; PMCID: PMC7919767.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    16. Socioeconomic Predictors of Transactional Sex in a Cohort of Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Malawi: A Longitudinal Analysis. AIDS Behav. 2020 Dec; 24(12):3376-3384. Gichane MW, Moracco KE, Pettifor AE, Zimmer C, Maman S, Phanga T, Nthani T, Rosenberg NE. PMID: 32405725.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. A Systematic Review of HIV Interventions for Young Women in Sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS Behav. 2020 Dec; 24(12):3395-3413. Muthoni CN, Kneipp SM, Gichane MW, Caiola CE, Pettifor AE, Williams JR. PMID: 32410052.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Conceptualization of Empowerment and Pathways Through Which Cash Transfers Work to Empower Young Women to Reduce HIV Risk: A Qualitative Study in Tanzania. AIDS Behav. 2020 Nov; 24(11):3024-3032. Wamoyi J, Balvanz P, Atkins K, Gichane M, Majani E, Pettifor A, Maman S. PMID: 32236739; PMCID: PMC7728638.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. The influence of cash transfers on engagement in transactional sex and partner choice among adolescent girls and young women in Northwest Tanzania. Cult Health Sex. 2020 Sep 16; 1-15. Gichane MW, Wamoyi J, Atkins K, Balvanz P, Maman S, Majani E, Pettifor A. PMID: 32935625.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    
    20. Implementation science outcomes of a gender-focused HIV and alcohol risk-reduction intervention in usual-care settings in South Africa. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2020 10 01; 215:108206. Gichane MW, Wechsberg WM, Ndirangu J, Browne FA, Bonner CP, Grimwood A, Shaikh N, Howard B, Zule WA. PMID: 32771909; PMCID: PMC7502463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Assessing the Impact of a Small-Group Behavioral Intervention on Sexual Behaviors Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Lilongwe Malawi: A Quasi-Experimental Cohort Study. AIDS Behav. 2020 May; 24(5):1542-1550. Rosenberg NE, Gichane MW, Vansia D, Phanga T, Bhushan NL, Bekker LG, Pettifor AE. PMID: 31512067; PMCID: PMC7064392.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. "If the Big Fish are Doing It Then Why Not Me Down Here?": Informal Fee Payments and Reproductive Health Care Provider Motivation in Kenya. Stud Fam Plann. 2020 03; 51(1):33-50. Tumlinson K, Gichane MW, Curtis SL. PMID: 32043621; PMCID: PMC7124971.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Decision-making and cash spending patterns of adolescent girls and young women participating in a cash-transfer intervention in Tanzania: Implications for sexual health. Glob Public Health. 2020 04; 15(4):587-597. Wamoyi J, Balvanz P, Gichane MW, Maman S, Mugunga S, Majani E, Pettifor A. PMID: 31809640.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Understanding healthcare provider absenteeism in Kenya: a qualitative analysis. BMC Health Serv Res. 2019 09 11; 19(1):660. Tumlinson K, Gichane MW, Curtis SL, LeMasters K. PMID: 31511004; PMCID: PMC6740012.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Cash plus: exploring the mechanisms through which a cash transfer plus financial education programme in Tanzania reduced HIV risk for adolescent girls and young women. J Int AIDS Soc. 2019 07; 22 Suppl 4:e25316. Pettifor A, Wamoyi J, Balvanz P, Gichane MW, Maman S. PMID: 31328425; PMCID: PMC6643075.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Lost to Care and Back Again: Patient and Navigator Perspectives on HIV Care Re-engagement. AIDS Behav. 2019 Jan; 23(Suppl 1):61-69. Parnell HE, Berger MB, Gichane MW, LeViere AF, Sullivan KA, Clymore JM, Quinlivan EB. PMID: 28975427.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Validity and reliability of maternal recall of pregnancy history and service use among signing Deaf women: a cross-sectional descriptive study from South Africa. BMJ Open. 2018 12 27; 8(12):e023896. Fontes Marx M, Heap M, Gichane MW, London L. PMID: 30593553; PMCID: PMC6318538.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Intimate partner violence and prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV: Evidence from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. PLoS One. 2018; 13(8):e0203471. Gichane MW, Moracco KE, Thirumurthy H, Okitolonda EW, Behets F, Yotebieng M. PMID: 30161260; PMCID: PMC6117078.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    29. Pregnancy experiences of women in rural Romania: understanding ethnic and socioeconomic disparities. Cult Health Sex. 2019 03; 21(3):249-262. LeMasters K, Baber Wallis A, Chereches R, Gichane M, Tehei C, Varga A, Tumlinson K. PMID: 29764305; PMCID: PMC6237651.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Caregiver role in HIV medication adherence among HIV-infected orphans in Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2018 06; 30(6):701-705. Gichane MW, Sullivan KA, Shayo AM, Mmbaga BT, O' Donnell K, Cunningham CK, Dow DE. PMID: 29058461; PMCID: PMC5895501.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. "They must understand we are people": Pregnancy and maternity service use among signing Deaf women in Cape Town. Disabil Health J. 2017 07; 10(3):434-439. Gichane MW, Heap M, Fontes M, London L. PMID: 28416204; PMCID: PMC5484522.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Awareness of Cervical Cancer Causes and Predeterminants of Likelihood to Screen Among Women in Haiti. J Low Genit Tract Dis. 2017 Jan; 21(1):37-41. McCarthy SH, Walmer KA, Boggan JC, Gichane MW, Calo WA, Beauvais HA, Brewer NT. PMID: 27906806; PMCID: PMC5545975.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Human Papillomavirus Awareness in Haiti: Preparing for a National HPV Vaccination Program. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2017 Feb; 30(1):96-101. Gichane MW, Calo WA, McCarthy SH, Walmer KA, Boggan JC, Brewer NT. PMID: 27498340; PMCID: PMC5545972.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsPHPublic Health
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