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Craig Cohen, MD, MPH

TitleProfessor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentOb/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
Address550 16th. Street
San Francisco CA 94158
Phone415-476-5874
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    Craig Cohen, MD, MPH, is a Professor in the UCSF Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, an Attending Physician at San Francisco General Hospital and co-Director of the University of California Global Health Institute (UCGHI: www.ucghi.universityofcalifornia.edu). He conducts clinical and implementation research in two major areas: HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention and HIV/AIDS care and support in developing countries.

    In 1994, Dr. Cohen and his colleague Dr. Elizabeth Bukusi at the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) established the Research Care and Treatment Program (RCTP) a collaboration with projects in Nairobi and Kisumu, Kenya. In addition to conducting research, the goal of the program is to enhance local capacity to conduct biomedical research through training and infrastructure development. RCTP employs over 700 full-time staff in Kenya including epidemiologists, physicians, nurse-counselors, laboratory technologists, field workers, data managers, biostatisticians and administrative staff.

    Dr. Cohen is the Founding Director of the Family AIDS Care and Education Services (FACES: www.faces-kenya.org) since its creation in 2004. FACES is a CDC/PEPFAR-funded HIV/AIDS care and treatment program in Western Kenya and Nairobi. As part of FACES, Dr. Cohen has also developed the Student Training Elective Program (STEP), which allows medical students and residents to do research and clinical electives at FACES sites.

    Additionally, Dr. Cohen directs the UCSF Reproductive Infectious Disease (RID) Fellowship, which aims to provide Ob/Gyn and post-doctoral trainees with the tools and experience necessary to develop into independent investigators and launch productive careers in the field of RID. He also co-directs the newly established University of California Global Health Institute (UCGHI) GloCal Health Fellowship which plans to train 50-60 fellows in global health research between 2012-17 in collaboration with 24 international collaborating institutions. Overall, Dr. Cohen has directly mentored more than 60 doctoral/professional students, residents and post-doctoral fellows, most of who have conducted research in Kenya.

    Areas of Interest:
    •Prevention of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI)
    •Microbicides, live biotherapeutic products to prevent HIV/STI
    *Integration of reproductive health and HIV services
    •Improvement of care to HIV infected persons living in resource poor settings
    *Multisectoral interventions to improve the lives of families affected by HIV
    •Research training and infrastructure development in developing countries


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    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Uwezo: Developing an Office of Sponsored Research in KEMRI with HIV Research Training
    NIH/FIC G11TW010352May 13, 2016 - Apr 30, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Preclinical Development of MucoCept
    NIH/NIAID U01AI123082Aug 6, 2015 - Jul 31, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Agricultural intervention for food security and HIV healthoutcomes in Kenya
    NIH/NIMH R01MH107330May 7, 2015 - Apr 30, 2020
    Role: Principal Investigator
    University of California Global Health Institute Program for Fellows and Scholars
    NIH/FIC R25TW009343Apr 4, 2012 - Jun 30, 2017
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Pilot Agricultural Intervention for Food Security and HIV Outcomes in Kenya
    NIH/NIMH R34MH094215Aug 17, 2011 - May 31, 2014
    Role: Principal Investigator
    UC Global Health Inst Women's Health and Empowerment CoE Post-Doc Fellowship Prog
    NIH/FIC R24TW008807Sep 15, 2010 - Aug 31, 2012
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Restructuring and building capacity for Ethics Review at KEMRI
    NIH/FIC S07TW008843Sep 15, 2010 - Mar 14, 2012
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    SUPPORTING THE IMPLEMENTATION AND EXPANSION OF HIGH QUALITY HIV
    CDC/NCHHSTP U2GPS001913Jul 1, 2010 - Sep 29, 2016
    Role: Principal Investigator
    Reproductive Infectious Disease (RID) Fellowship
    NIH/NIAID T32AI065388Sep 1, 2007 - Jul 31, 2013
    Role: Principal Investigator
    KEMRI-UCSF Infectious Disease Research Training Program
    NIH/FIC D43TW007388Aug 12, 2005 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator
    HIV TREATMENT FOR RESEARCH SUBJECTS OR BY RESEARCHERS IN KENYA
    CDC/NCHHSTP U62PS924511Sep 30, 2004 - Jun 30, 2010
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Clinical Trials
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Featured Videos
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Petersen M, Balzer L, Kwarsiima D, Sang N, Chamie G, Ayieko J, Kabami J, Owaraganise A, Liegler T, Mwangwa F, Kadede K, Jain V, Plenty A, Brown L, Lavoy G, Schwab J, Black D, van der Laan M, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Clark TD, Charlebois E, Kamya M, Havlir D. Association of Implementation of a Universal Testing and Treatment Intervention With HIV Diagnosis, Receipt of Antiretroviral Therapy, and Viral Suppression in East Africa. JAMA. 2017 Jun 06; 317(21):2196-2206. PMID: 28586888.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Brown LB, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Jain V, Ruel T, Clark T, Black D, Chamie G, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Charlebois ED, Havlir DV. Predictors of retention in HIV care among youth (15-24) in a universal test-and-treat setting in rural Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Apr 06. PMID: 28394821.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Cohen C, Grossman D, Onono M, Blat C, Newmann SJ, Burger RL, Shade SB, Bett N, Bukusi EA. Integration of family planning services into HIV care clinics: Results one year after a cluster randomized controlled trial in Kenya. PLoS One. 2017; 12(3):e0172992. PMID: 28328966.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Tsai AC, Hatcher AM, Bukusi EA, Weke E, Lemus Hufstedler L, Dworkin SL, Kodish S, Cohen C, Weiser SD. A Livelihood Intervention to Reduce the Stigma of HIV in Rural Kenya: Longitudinal Qualitative Study. AIDS Behav. 2017 Jan; 21(1):248-260. PMID: 26767535.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Jain V, Petersen ML, Liegler T, Byonanebye DM, Kwarisiima D, Chamie G, Sang N, Black D, Clark TD, Ladai A, Plenty A, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Charlebois ED, Kamya MR, Havlir DV. Population levels and geographical distribution of HIV RNA in rural Ugandan and Kenyan communities, including serodiscordant couples: a cross-sectional analysis. Lancet HIV. 2016 Dec 15. PMID: 27989576.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Camlin CS, Ayadi AM, Kwena ZA, McFarland W, Johnson MO, Neilands TB, Bukusi EA, Cohen C. High Mobility and HIV Prevalence among Female Market Traders in East Africa in 2014. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Nov 21. PMID: 27875361.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Roberts ST, Haberer J, Celum C, Mugo N, Ware NC, Cohen C, Tappero JW, Kiarie J, Ronald A, Mujugira A, Tumwesigye E, Were E, Irungu E, Baeten JM. Intimate Partner Violence and Adherence to HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) in African Women in HIV Serodiscordant Relationships: A Prospective Cohort Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Nov 1; 73(3):313-322. PMID: 27243900.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Chang W, Chamie G, Mwai D, Clark TD, Thirumurthy H, Charlebois ED, Petersen M, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Kadede K, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Kamya M, Havlir DV, Kahn JG. Implementation and Operational Research: Cost and Efficiency of a Hybrid Mobile Multidisease Testing Approach With High HIV Testing Coverage in East Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Nov 1; 73(3):e39-e45. PMID: 27741031.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Weiser SD, Hatcher AM, Hufstedler LL, Weke E, Dworkin SL, Bukusi EA, Burger RL, Kodish S, Grede N, Butler LM, Cohen C, et al. Changes in Health and Antiretroviral Adherence Among HIV-Infected Adults in Kenya: Qualitative Longitudinal Findings from a Livelihood Intervention. AIDS Behav. 2016 Sep 16. PMID: 27637497.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Kadede K, Ruel T, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Sang N, Kwarisiima D, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Liegler T, Clark TD, Charlebois ED, Petersen ML, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Chamie G. Increased adolescent HIV testing with a hybrid mobile strategy in Uganda and Kenya. AIDS. 2016 Sep 10; 30(14):2121-6. PMID: 27258399; PMCID: PMC5007167 [Available on 09/10/17].
    11. Brown LB, Havlir DV, Ayieko J, Mwangwa F, Owaraganise A, Kwarisiima D, Jain V, Ruel T, Clark T, Chamie G, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Kamya MR, Petersen ML, Charlebois ED, et al. High levels of retention in care with streamlined care and universal test-and-treat in East Africa. AIDS. 2016 Sep 6. PMID: 27603290.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Newmann SJ, Rocca CH, Zakaras JM, Onono M, Bukusi EA, Grossman D, Cohen C. Does Integrating Family Planning into HIV Services Improve Gender Equitable Attitudes? Results from a Cluster Randomized Trial in Nyanza, Kenya. AIDS Behav. 2016 Sep; 20(9):1883-92. PMID: 26837632.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Zakaras JM, Weiser SD, Hatcher AM, Weke E, Burger RL, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Dworkin SL, et al. Erratum to: A Qualitative Investigation of the Impact of a Livelihood Intervention on Gendered Power and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among HIV-Positive Adults in Rural Kenya. Arch Sex Behav. 2016 Aug 29. PMID: 27571740.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Rachlis B, Bakoyannis G, Easterbrook P, Genberg B, Braithwaite RS, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Kambugu A, Bwana MB, Somi GR, Geng EH, Musick B, Yiannoutsos CT, Wools-Kaloustian K, Braitstein P. Facility-Level Factors Influencing Retention of Patients in HIV Care in East Africa. PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0159994. PMID: 27509182.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Zakaras JM, Weiser SD, Hatcher AM, Weke E, Burger RL, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Dworkin SL, et al. A Qualitative Investigation of the Impact of a Livelihood Intervention on Gendered Power and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among HIV-Positive Adults in Rural Kenya. Arch Sex Behav. 2016 Aug 9. PMID: 27507020.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Onu CC, Dworkin SL, Ongeri LG, Oyaro P, Neylan TC, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Rota G, Meffert SM, et al. Sexual violence against HIV-positive women in the Nyanza region of Kenya: Is condom negotiation an instigator? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Jul 18. PMID: 27509254.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Rogers AJ, Weke E, Kwena Z, Bukusi EA, Oyaro P, Cohen C, Turan JM. Implementation of repeat HIV testing during pregnancy in Kenya: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016; 16(1):151. PMID: 27401819.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Zunt JR, Chi BH, Heimburger DC, Cohen C, Strathdee S, Hobbs N, Thomas Y, Bale K, Salisbury K, Hernandez MT, Riley LW, Vermund SH, van der Horst C. The National Institutes of Health Fogarty International Center Global Health Scholars and Fellows Program: Collaborating Across Five Consortia to Strengthen Research Training. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Sep 7; 95(3):728-34. PMID: 27382074.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Hickey MD, Omollo D, Salmen CR, Mattah B, Blat C, Ouma GB, Fiorella KJ, Njoroge B, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Geng EH. Movement between facilities for HIV care among a mobile population in Kenya: transfer, loss to follow-up, and reengagement. AIDS Care. 2016 May 4; 1-8. PMID: 27145451.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Kibaara C, Blat C, Lewis-Kulzer J, Shade S, Mbullo P, Cohen C, Bukusi EA. Treatment Buddies Improve Clinic Attendance among Women but Not Men on Antiretroviral Therapy in the Nyanza Region of Kenya. AIDS Res Treat. 2016; 2016:9124541. PMID: 27092271.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Onu C, Ongeri L, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Neylan TC, Oyaro P, Rota G, Otewa F, Delucchi KL, Meffert SM. Erratum to: 'Interpersonal psychotherapy for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder among HIV-positive women in Kisumu, Kenya: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial'. Trials. 2016; 17:151. PMID: 27000080.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Shaw BI, Asadhi E, Owuor K, Okoth P, Abdi M, Cohen C, Onono M. Perceived Quality of Care of Community Health Worker and Facility-Based Health Worker Management of Pneumonia in Children Under 5 Years in Western Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Multidimensional Study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 May 4; 94(5):1170-6. PMID: 26976883.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Onu C, Ongeri L, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Neylan TC, Oyaro P, Rota G, Otewa F, Delucchi KL, Meffert SM. Interpersonal psychotherapy for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder among HIV-positive women in Kisumu, Kenya: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2016; 17(1):64. PMID: 26841875.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Chamie G, Clark TD, Kabami J, Kadede K, Ssemmondo E, Steinfeld R, Lavoy G, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Jain V, Thirumurthy H, Liegler T, Balzer LB, Petersen ML, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Charlebois ED. A hybrid mobile approach for population-wide HIV testing in rural east Africa: an observational study. Lancet HIV. 2016 Mar; 3(3):e111-9. PMID: 26939734.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Maeri I, El Ayadi A, Getahun M, Charlebois E, Akatukwasa C, Tumwebaze D, Itiakorit H, Owino L, Kwarisiima D, Ssemmondo E, Sang N, Kabami J, Clark TD, Petersen M, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Kamya M, Havlir D, Camlin CS. "How can I tell?" Consequences of HIV status disclosure among couples in eastern African communities in the context of an ongoing HIV "test-and-treat" trial. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:59-66. PMID: 27421052.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Camlin CS, Ssemmondo E, Chamie G, El Ayadi AM, Kwarisiima D, Sang N, Kabami J, Charlebois E, Petersen M, Clark TD, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, R Kamya M, Havlir D. Men "missing" from population-based HIV testing: insights from qualitative research. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:67-73. PMID: 27421053.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Thirumurthy H, Jakubowski A, Camlin C, Kabami J, Ssemmondo E, Elly A, Mwai D, Clark T, Cohen C, Bukusi E, Kamya M, Petersen M, Havlir D, Charlebois ED. Expectations about future health and longevity in Kenyan and Ugandan communities receiving a universal test-and-treat intervention in the SEARCH trial. AIDS Care. 2016; 28 Suppl 3:90-8. PMID: 27421056.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Heffron R, Cohen C, Ngure K, Bukusi E, Were E, Kiarie J, Mugo N, Celum C, Baeten JM. A Scoring Tool to Identify East African HIV-1 Serodiscordant Partnerships with a High Likelihood of Pregnancy. PLoS One. 2015; 10(12):e0145515. PMID: 26720412.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Mmeje O, Njoroge B, Cohen C, Temmerman M, Vermund SH, van der Poel S. Achieving Pregnancy Safely in HIV-Affected Individuals and Couples: An Important Strategy to Eliminate HIV Transmission From Mother-To-Child and Between Sexual Partners. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Dec 1; 70(4):e155-9. PMID: 26334740.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Heffron R, Davies N, Cooke I, Kaida A, Mergler R, van der Poel S, Cohen C, Mmeje O. A discussion of key values to inform the design and delivery of services for HIV-affected women and couples attempting pregnancy in resource-constrained settings. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18(6 Suppl 5):20272. PMID: 26643454.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Salmen CR, Hickey MD, Fiorella KJ, Omollo D, Ouma G, Zoughbie D, Salmen MR, Magerenge R, Tessler R, Campbell H, Geng E, Gandhi M, Bukusi EA, Cohen C. "Wan Kanyakla" (We are together): Community transformations in Kenya following a social network intervention for HIV care. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Dec; 147:332-40. PMID: 26638145.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Huchko MJ, Maloba M, Nakalembe M, Cohen C. The time has come to make cervical cancer prevention an essential part of comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services for HIV-positive women in low-income countries. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18(6 Suppl 5):20282. PMID: 26643456.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Patel RC, Onono M, Gandhi M, Blat C, Hagey J, Shade SB, Vittinghoff E, Bukusi EA, Newmann SJ, Cohen C. Pregnancy rates in HIV-positive women using contraceptives and efavirenz-based or nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy in Kenya: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet HIV. 2015 Nov; 2(11):e474-82. PMID: 26520927; PMCID: PMC4632202 [Available on 11/01/16].
    34. Newmann SJ, Zakaras JM, Tao AR, Onono M, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Steinfeld R, Grossman D. Integrating family planning into HIV care in western Kenya: HIV care providers' perspectives and experiences one year following integration. AIDS Care. 2016 Feb; 28(2):209-13. PMID: 26406803.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Hagey JM, Akama E, Ayieko J, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Patel RC. Barriers and facilitators adolescent females living with HIV face in accessing contraceptive services: a qualitative assessment of providers' perceptions in western Kenya. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18(1):20123. PMID: 26385854; PMCID: PMC4575411.
    36. Weiser SD, Bukusi EA, Steinfeld RL, Frongillo EA, Weke E, Dworkin SL, Pusateri K, Shiboski S, Scow K, Butler LM, Cohen C. Shamba Maisha: randomized controlled trial of an agricultural and finance intervention to improve HIV health outcomes. AIDS. 2015 Sep 10; 29(14):1889-94. PMID: 26214684; PMCID: PMC4573846 [Available on 09/10/16].
    37. Turan JM, Onono M, Steinfeld RL, Shade SB, Owuor K, Washington S, Bukusi EA, Ackers ML, Kioko J, Interis EC, Cohen C. Implementation and Operational Research: Effects of Antenatal Care and HIV Treatment Integration on Elements of the PMTCT Cascade: Results From the SHAIP Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial in Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Aug 15; 69(5):e172-81. PMID: 25967269; PMCID: PMC4501892 [Available on 08/15/16].
    38. Washington S, Owuor K, Turan JM, Steinfeld RL, Onono M, Shade SB, Bukusi EA, Ackers ML, Cohen C. Implementation and Operational Research: Effect of Integration of HIV Care and Treatment Into Antenatal Care Clinics on Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission and Maternal Outcomes in Nyanza, Kenya: Results From the SHAIP Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Aug 15; 69(5):e164-71. PMID: 25886930.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Hickey MD, Salmen CR, Omollo D, Mattah B, Fiorella KJ, Geng EH, Bacchetti P, Blat C, Ouma GB, Zoughbie D, Tessler RA, Salmen MR, Campbell H, Gandhi M, Shade S, Njoroge B, Bukusi EA, Cohen C. Implementation and Operational Research: Pulling the Network Together: Quasiexperimental Trial of a Patient-Defined Support Network Intervention for Promoting Engagement in HIV Care and Medication Adherence on Mfangano Island, Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Aug 1; 69(4):e127-34. PMID: 25984711; PMCID: PMC4485532 [Available on 08/01/16].
    40. Kwena ZA, Njoroge BW, Cohen C, Oyaro P, Shikari R, Kibaara CK, Bukusi EA. The feasibility, time savings and economic impact of a designated time appointment system at a busy HIV care clinic in Kenya: a randomized controlled trial. J Int AIDS Soc. 2015; 18(1):19876. PMID: 26163505; PMCID: PMC4499059.
    41. Onono M, Kwena Z, Turan J, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Gray GE. "You Know You Are Sick, Why Do You Carry A Pregnancy Again?" Applying the Socio-Ecological Model to Understand Barriers to PMTCT Service Utilization in Western Kenya. J AIDS Clin Res. 2015 Jun; 6(6). PMID: 26457229.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Withers M, Dworkin SL, Zakaras JM, Onono M, Oyier B, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Grossman D, Newmann SJ. 'Women now wear trousers': men's perceptions of family planning in the context of changing gender relations in western Kenya. Cult Health Sex. 2015; 17(9):1132-46. PMID: 26032620.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Withers M, Dworkin SL, Onono M, Oyier B, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Newmann SJ. Men's Perspectives on Their Role in Family Planning in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Stud Fam Plann. 2015 Jun; 46(2):201-15. PMID: 26059990.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Huchko MJ, Leslie H, Maloba M, Zakaras J, Bukusi E, Cohen C. Outcomes Up to 12 Months After Treatment With Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure for Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia Among HIV-Infected Women. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Jun 1; 69(2):200-5. PMID: 25647529; PMCID: PMC4446153 [Available on 06/01/16].
    45. Huchko MJ, Sneden J, Zakaras JM, Smith-McCune K, Sawaya G, Maloba M, Bukusi EA, Cohen C. A randomized trial comparing the diagnostic accuracy of visual inspection with acetic acid to Visual Inspection with Lugol's Iodine for cervical cancer screening in HIV-infected women. PLoS One. 2015; 10(4):e0118568. PMID: 25849627; PMCID: PMC4388564.
    46. Cohen C, Steinfeld RL, Weke E, Bukusi EA, Hatcher AM, Shiboski S, Rheingans R, Scow KM, Butler LM, Otieno P, Dworkin SL, Weiser SD. Shamba Maisha: Pilot agricultural intervention for food security and HIV health outcomes in Kenya: design, methods, baseline results and process evaluation of a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Springerplus. 2015; 4:122. PMID: 25992307; PMCID: PMC4429425.
    47. Onono M, Owuor K, Turan J, Bukusi EA, Gray GE, Cohen C. The role of maternal, health system, and psychosocial factors in prevention of mother-to-child transmission failure in the era of programmatic scale up in western Kenya: a case control study. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2015 Apr; 29(4):204-11. PMID: 25738870; PMCID: PMC4378858 [Available on 04/01/16].
    48. Nagata JM, Fiorella KJ, Salmen CR, Hickey MD, Mattah B, Magerenge R, Milner EM, Weiser SD, Bukusi EA, Cohen C. Around the Table: Food Insecurity, Socioeconomic Status, and Instrumental Social Support among Women Living in a Rural Kenyan Island Community. Ecol Food Nutr. 2015; 54(4):358-69. PMID: 25680030; PMCID: PMC4466072 [Available on 07/01/16].
    49. Onono M, Guzé MA, Grossman D, Steinfeld R, Bukusi EA, Shade S, Cohen C, Newmann SJ. Integrating family planning and HIV services in western Kenya: the impact on HIV-infected patients' knowledge of family planning and male attitudes toward family planning. AIDS Care. 2015; 27(6):743-52. PMID: 25634244; PMCID: PMC4366270 [Available on 06/01/16].
    50. Zunner B, Dworkin SL, Neylan TC, Bukusi EA, Oyaro P, Cohen C, Abwok M, Meffert SM. HIV, violence and women: unmet mental health care needs. J Affect Disord. 2015 Mar 15; 174:619-26. PMID: 25574781; PMCID: PMC4340747 [Available on 01/01/16].
    51. Turan B, Stringer KL, Onono M, Bukusi EA, Weiser SD, Cohen C, Turan JM. Linkage to HIV care, postpartum depression, and HIV-related stigma in newly diagnosed pregnant women living with HIV in Kenya: a longitudinal observational study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014; 14:400. PMID: 25467187; PMCID: PMC4261547.
    52. Spangler SA, Onono M, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Turan JM. HIV-positive status disclosure and use of essential PMTCT and maternal health services in rural Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 Dec 1; 67 Suppl 4:S235-42. PMID: 25436823; PMCID: PMC4251910.
    53. Kahle EM, Bolton M, Hughes JP, Donnell D, Celum C, Lingappa JR, Ronald A, Cohen C, de Bruyn G, Fong Y, Katabira E, McElrath MJ, Baeten JM. Plasma cytokine levels and risk of HIV type 1 (HIV-1) transmission and acquisition: a nested case-control study among HIV-1-serodiscordant couples. J Infect Dis. 2015 May 1; 211(9):1451-60. PMID: 25389306; PMCID: PMC4447828 [Available on 05/01/16].
    54. Wolf HT, Halpern-Felsher BL, Bukusi EA, Agot KE, Cohen C, Auerswald CL. "It is all about the fear of being discriminated [against]…the person suffering from HIV will not be accepted": a qualitative study exploring the reasons for loss to follow-up among HIV-positive youth in Kisumu, Kenya. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14:1154. PMID: 25377362; PMCID: PMC4232620.
    55. Pintye J, Baeten JM, Manhart LE, Celum C, Ronald A, Mugo N, Mujugira A, Cohen C, Were E, Bukusi E, Kiarie J, Heffron R. Association between male circumcision and incidence of syphilis in men and women: a prospective study in HIV-1 serodiscordant heterosexual African couples. Lancet Glob Health. 2014 Nov; 2(11):e664-71. PMID: 25442691; PMCID: PMC4271270.
    56. Tao AR, Onono M, Baum S, Grossman D, Steinfeld R, Cohen C, Bukusi EA, Newmann SJ. Providers' perspectives on male involvement in family planning in the context of a cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating integrating family planning into HIV care in Nyanza Province, Kenya. AIDS Care. 2015; 27(1):31-7. PMID: 25329436; PMCID: PMC4228374 [Available on 01/01/16].
    57. Baeten JM, Donnell D, Mugo NR, Ndase P, Thomas KK, Campbell JD, Wangisi J, Tappero JW, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Katabira E, Ronald A, Tumwesigye E, Were E, Fife KH, Kiarie J, Farquhar C, John-Stewart G, Kidoguchi L, Coombs RW, Hendrix C, Marzinke MA, Frenkel L, Haberer JE, Bangsberg D, Celum C. Single-agent tenofovir versus combination emtricitabine plus tenofovir for pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-1 acquisition: an update of data from a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Nov; 14(11):1055-64. PMID: 25300863; PMCID: PMC4252589.
    58. Odeny TA, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Yuhas K, Camlin CS, McClelland RS. Texting improves testing: a randomized trial of two-way SMS to increase postpartum prevention of mother-to-child transmission retention and infant HIV testing. AIDS. 2014 Sep 24; 28(15):2307-12. PMID: 25313586.
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    59. Odeny TA, Newman M, Bukusi EA, McClelland RS, Cohen C, Camlin CS. Developing content for a mHealth intervention to promote postpartum retention in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs and early infant diagnosis of HIV: a qualitative study. PLoS One. 2014; 9(9):e106383. PMID: 25181408; PMCID: PMC4152282.
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    139. Celum C, Wald A, Lingappa JR, Magaret AS, Wang RS, Mugo N, Mujugira A, Baeten JM, Mullins JI, Hughes JP, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Katabira E, Ronald A, Kiarie J, Farquhar C, Stewart GJ, Makhema J, Essex M, Were E, Fife KH, de Bruyn G, Gray GE, McIntyre JA, Manongi R, Kapiga S, Coetzee D, Allen S, Inambao M, Kayitenkore K, Karita E, Kanweka W, Delany S, Rees H, Vwalika B, Stevens W, Campbell MS, Thomas KK, Coombs RW, Morrow R, Whittington WL, McElrath MJ, Barnes L, Ridzon R, Corey L. Acyclovir and transmission of HIV-1 from persons infected with HIV-1 and HSV-2. N Engl J Med. 2010 Feb 4; 362(5):427-39. PMID: 20089951; PMCID: PMC2838503.
    140. Matu MN, Orinda GO, Njagi EN, Cohen C, Bukusi EA. In vitro inhibitory activity of human vaginal lactobacilli against pathogenic bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis in Kenyan women. Anaerobe. 2010 Jun; 16(3):210-5. PMID: 19925874.
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    141. Hemmerling A, Harrison W, Schroeder A, Park J, Korn A, Shiboski S, Cohen C. Phase 1 dose-ranging safety trial of Lactobacillus crispatus CTV-05 for the prevention of bacterial vaginosis. Sex Transm Dis. 2009 Sep; 36(9):564-9. PMID: 19543144; PMCID: PMC2758081.
    142. Ondondo BO, Brunham RC, Harrison WG, Kinyari T, Sheth PM, Mugo NR, Cohen C. Frequency and magnitude of Chlamydia trachomatis elementary body- and heat shock protein 60-stimulated interferon gamma responses in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and endometrial biopsy samples from women with high exposure to infection. J Infect Dis. 2009 Jun 15; 199(12):1771-9. PMID: 19419333.
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    143. Lingappa JR, Kahle E, Mugo N, Mujugira A, Magaret A, Baeten J, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Katabira E, Ronald A, Kiarie J, Farquhar C, Stewart GJ, Makhema J, Essex M, Were E, Fife K, Debruyn G, Gray G, McIntyre J, Manongi R, Kapiga S, Coetzee D, Allen S, Inambao M, Kayitenkore K, Karita E, Kanweka W, Delany S, Rees H, Vwalika B, Coombs RW, Morrow R, Whittington W, Corey L, Wald A, Celum C. Characteristics of HIV-1 discordant couples enrolled in a trial of HSV-2 suppression to reduce HIV-1 transmission: the partners study. PLoS One. 2009; 4(4):e5272. PMID: 19404392; PMCID: PMC2671170.
    144. Cohen C, Montandon M, Carrico AW, Shiboski S, Bostrom A, Obure A, Kwena Z, Bailey RC, Nguti R, Bukusi EA. Association of attitudes and beliefs towards antiretroviral therapy with HIV-seroprevalence in the general population of Kisumu, Kenya. PLoS One. 2009; 4(3):e4573. PMID: 19259267; PMCID: PMC2649531.
    145. Montandon M, Sahin-Hodoglugil NN, Bukusi E, Agot K, Boland B, Cohen C. Sexuality, HIV risk and potential acceptability of involving adolescent girls in microbicide research in Kisumu, Kenya. Sex Health. 2008 Dec; 5(4):339-46. PMID: 19061553.
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    146. Pandis GK, Saridogan E, Windsor AC, Gulumser C, Cohen C, Cutner AS. Short-term outcome of fertility-sparing laparoscopic excision of deeply infiltrating pelvic endometriosis performed in a tertiary referral center. Fertil Steril. 2010 Jan; 93(1):39-45. PMID: 18973883.
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    147. Turan JM, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Sande J, Miller S. Effects of HIV/AIDS on maternity care providers in Kenya. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2008 Sep-Oct; 37(5):588-95. PMID: 18811779; PMCID: PMC2556865.
    148. Turan JM, Miller S, Bukusi EA, Sande J, Cohen C. HIV/AIDS and maternity care in Kenya: how fears of stigma and discrimination affect uptake and provision of labor and delivery services. AIDS Care. 2008 Sep; 20(8):938-45. PMID: 18777222.
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    149. Nduba VN, Mwachari CW, Magaret AS, Park DR, Kigo A, Hooton TM, Cohen C. Placebo found equivalent to amoxicillin for treatment of acute bronchitis in Nairobi, Kenya: a triple blind, randomised, equivalence trial. Thorax. 2008 Nov; 63(11):999-1005. PMID: 18559367.
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    150. Madhivanan P, Krupp K, Chandrasekaran V, Karat C, Arun A, Cohen C, Reingold AL, Klausner JD. Prevalence and correlates of bacterial vaginosis among young women of reproductive age in Mysore, India. Indian J Med Microbiol. 2008 Apr-Jun; 26(2):132-7. PMID: 18445948; PMCID: PMC3625939.
    151. Sharma A, Bukusi E, Gorbach P, Cohen C, Muga C, Kwena Z, Holmes KK. Sexual identity and risk of HIV/STI among men who have sex with men in Nairobi. Sex Transm Dis. 2008 Apr; 35(4):352-4. PMID: 18360318.
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    152. Bolton M, van der Straten A, Cohen C. Probiotics: potential to prevent HIV and sexually transmitted infections in women. Sex Transm Dis. 2008 Mar; 35(3):214-25. PMID: 18490864.
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    153. Mwachari C, Nduba V, Nguti R, Park DR, Sanguli L, Cohen C. Validation of a new clinical scoring system for acute bronchitis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007 Nov; 11(11):1253-9. PMID: 17958990.
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    154. Iverson-Cabral SL, Astete SG, Cohen C, Totten PA. mgpB and mgpC sequence diversity in Mycoplasma genitalium is generated by segmental reciprocal recombination with repetitive chromosomal sequences. Mol Microbiol. 2007 Oct; 66(1):55-73. PMID: 17880423.
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    155. Ngugi EN, Chakkalackal M, Sharma A, Bukusi E, Njoroge B, Kimani J, MacDonald KS, Bwayo JJ, Cohen C, Moses S, Kaul R. Sustained changes in sexual behavior by female sex workers after completion of a randomized HIV prevention trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Aug 15; 45(5):588-94. PMID: 17589374.
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    156. Cohen C, Nosek M, Meier A, Astete SG, Iverson-Cabral S, Mugo NR, Totten PA. Mycoplasma genitalium infection and persistence in a cohort of female sex workers in Nairobi, Kenya. Sex Transm Dis. 2007 May; 34(5):274-9. PMID: 16940898.
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    157. Becker ML, Cohen C, Cheang M, Washington RG, Blanchard JF, Moses S. Diarrheal disease among HIV-infected adults in Karnataka, India: evaluation of risk factors and etiology. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2007 Apr; 76(4):718-22. PMID: 17426177.
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    158. Bukusi EA, Steele M, Cohen C, Nguti R, Maingi CW, Thomas KK, Holmes KK. Safety, acceptability, and tolerability of 3 topical microbicides among heterosexual Kenyan men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Apr 1; 44(4):423-8. PMID: 17195765.
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    159. Coleman JS, Hitti J, Bukusi EA, Mwachari C, Muliro A, Nguti R, Gausman R, Jensen S, Patton D, Lockhart D, Coombs R, Cohen C. Infectious correlates of HIV-1 shedding in the female upper and lower genital tracts. AIDS. 2007 Mar 30; 21(6):755-9. PMID: 17413697.
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    160. Steele MS, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Shell-Duncan BA, Holmes KK. The ABCs of HIV prevention in men: associations with HIV risk and protective behaviors. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Dec 15; 43(5):571-6. PMID: 17019371.
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    161. Sharma A, Bukusi E, Posner S, Feldman D, Ngugi E, Cohen C. Sex preparation and diaphragm acceptability in sex work in Nairobi, Kenya. Sex Health. 2006 Dec; 3(4):261-8. PMID: 17112438.
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    162. Meier AS, Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Holmes KK. Independent association of hygiene, socioeconomic status, and circumcision with reduced risk of HIV infection among Kenyan men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Sep; 43(1):117-8. PMID: 16885771.
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    163. Iverson-Cabral SL, Astete SG, Cohen C, Rocha EP, Totten PA. Intrastrain heterogeneity of the mgpB gene in Mycoplasma genitalium is extensive in vitro and in vivo and suggests that variation is generated via recombination with repetitive chromosomal sequences. Infect Immun. 2006 Jul; 74(7):3715-26. PMID: 16790744; PMCID: PMC1489687.
    164. Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Meier AS, Waiyaki PG, Nguti R, Njeri JN, Holmes KK. Bacterial vaginosis: risk factors among Kenyan women and their male partners. Sex Transm Dis. 2006 Jun; 33(6):361-7. PMID: 16547451.
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    165. Mwachari CW, Nduba VN, Park DR, Meier AS, Kariuki JN, Muyodi JA, Karimi F, Kigo A, Holmes KK, Cohen C. Clinical presentation among HIV-infected and non-infected adults with community acquired pneumonia in Nairobi. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 May; 10(5):516-22. PMID: 16704033.
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    166. Mugo NR, Kiehlbauch JA, Nguti R, Meier A, Gichuhi JW, Stamm WE, Cohen C. Effect of human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection on treatment outcome of acute salpingitis. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Apr; 107(4):807-12. PMID: 16582116.
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    167. Cohen C, Mugo NR, Astete SG, Odondo R, Manhart LE, Kiehlbauch JA, Stamm WE, Waiyaki PG, Totten PA. Detection of Mycoplasma genitalium in women with laparoscopically diagnosed acute salpingitis. Sex Transm Infect. 2005 Dec; 81(6):463-6. PMID: 16326847; PMCID: PMC1745055.
    168. Cohen C, Koochesfahani KM, Meier AS, Shen C, Karunakaran K, Ondondo B, Kinyari T, Mugo NR, Nguti R, Brunham RC. Immunoepidemiologic profile of Chlamydia trachomatis infection: importance of heat-shock protein 60 and interferon- gamma. J Infect Dis. 2005 Aug 15; 192(4):591-9. PMID: 16028127.
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    169. Baeten JM, Lavreys L, Sagar M, Kreiss JK, Richardson BA, Chohan B, Panteleeff D, Mandaliya K, Ndinya-Achola JO, Overbaugh J, Farley T, Mwachari C, Cohen C, Chipato T, Jaisamrarn U, Kiriwat O, Duerr A. Effect of contraceptive methods on natural history of HIV: studies from the Mombasa cohort. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Mar; 38 Suppl 1:S18-21. PMID: 15867603.
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    170. Steele MS, Bukusi E, Cohen C, Shell-Duncan BA, Holmes KK. Male genital hygiene beliefs and practices in Nairobi, Kenya. Sex Transm Infect. 2004 Dec; 80(6):471-6. PMID: 15572617; PMCID: PMC1744935.
    171. Hebb JK, Cohen C, Astete SG, Bukusi EA, Totten PA. Detection of novel organisms associated with salpingitis, by use of 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction. J Infect Dis. 2004 Dec 15; 190(12):2109-20. PMID: 15551209.
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    172. Mwachari CW, Shepherd BE, Cleopa O, Odhiambo JA, Cohen C. Mortality and burden of disease in a cohort of HIV-seropositive adults in Nairobi, Kenya. Int J STD AIDS. 2004 Feb; 15(2):120-6. PMID: 15006075.
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    173. Criniti A, Mwachari CW, Meier AS, Nduba V, Sanguli L, Ngumo JK, Cohen C. Association of hormonal contraception and HIV-seroprevalence in Nairobi, Kenya. AIDS. 2003 Dec 5; 17(18):2667-9. PMID: 14685065.
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    174. Mwachari CW, Meier AS, Muyodi J, Gatei W, Waiyaki P, Cohen C. Chronic diarrhoea in HIV-1-infected adults in Nairobi, Kenya: evaluation of risk factors and the WHO treatment algorithm. AIDS. 2003 Sep 26; 17(14):2124-6. PMID: 14502018.
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    175. Cohen C, Gichui J, Rukaria R, Sinei SS, Gaur LK, Brunham RC. Immunogenetic correlates for Chlamydia trachomatis-associated tubal infertility. Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Mar; 101(3):438-44. PMID: 12636945.
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    176. Penner J, Meier AS, Mwachari C, Ayuka F, Muchina B, Odhiambo J, Cohen C. Risk factors for pneumonia in urban-dwelling HIV-infected women: a case-control study in Nairobi, Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Feb 1; 32(2):223-8. PMID: 12571534.
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    177. Cohen C, Gravelle L, Symekher S, Waiyaki P, Stamm WE, Kiehlbauch JA. Etiology of persistent tubo-ovarian abscess in Nairobi, Kenya. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2003; 11(1):45-51. PMID: 12839632; PMCID: PMC1852266.
    178. Buchanan G, Halligan S, Williams A, Cohen C, Tarroni D, Phillips RK, Bartram CI. Effect of MRI on clinical outcome of recurrent fistula-in-ano. Lancet. 2002 Nov 23; 360(9346):1661-2. PMID: 12457791.
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    179. Cohen C, Manhart LE, Bukusi EA, Astete S, Brunham RC, Holmes KK, Sinei SK, Bwayo JJ, Totten PA. Association between Mycoplasma genitalium and acute endometritis. Lancet. 2002 Mar 2; 359(9308):765-6. PMID: 11888591.
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    180. Mwachari CW, Cohen C, Meier AS, Nganga LW, Kimari JN, Odhiambo JA. Respiratory tract infection in HIV-1-infected adults in Nairobi, Kenya: evaluation of risk factors and the world health organization treatment algorithm. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Aug 1; 27(4):365-71. PMID: 11468424.
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    181. Cohen C, Nguti R, Bukusi EA, Lu H, Shen C, Luo M, Sinei S, Plummer F, Bwayo J, Brunham RC. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected women exhibit reduced interferon-gamma secretion after Chlamydia trachomatis stimulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes. J Infect Dis. 2000 Dec; 182(6):1672-7. PMID: 11069239.
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    182. Bukusi EA, Cohen C, Stevens CE, Sinei S, Reilly M, Grieco V, Eschenbach DA, Holmes KK, Bwayo J, Ndinya-Achola JO, Kreiss J. Effects of human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection on microbial origins of pelvic inflammatory disease and on efficacy of ambulatory oral therapy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Dec; 181(6):1374-81. PMID: 10601915.
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    183. Cohen C, Plummer FA, Mugo N, Maclean I, Shen C, Bukusi EA, Irungu E, Sinei S, Bwayo J, Brunham RC. Increased interleukin-10 in the the endocervical secretions of women with non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases: a mechanism for enhanced HIV-1 transmission? AIDS. 1999 Feb 25; 13(3):327-32. PMID: 10199222.
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    184. Cohen C, Sinei S, Reilly M, Bukusi E, Eschenbach D, Holmes KK, Ndinya-Achola JO, Bwayo J, Grieco V, Stamm W, Karanja J, Kreiss J. Effect of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection upon acute salpingitis: a laparoscopic study. J Infect Dis. 1998 Nov; 178(5):1352-8. PMID: 9780255.
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    185. Cohen C, Duerr A, Pruithithada N, Rugpao S, Hillier S, Garcia P, Nelson K. Bacterial vaginosis and HIV seroprevalence among female commercial sex workers in Chiang Mai, Thailand. AIDS. 1995 Sep; 9(9):1093-7. PMID: 8527084.
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