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    David Vlahov, RN, PhD, FAAN

    TitleDean & Professor
    SchoolUCSF School of Nursing
    DepartmentDean's Office
    Address2 Koret Way, Nursing
    San Francisco CA 94143
    Phone415-476-1805
      Other Positions
      TitleProfessor, School of Nursing


       Overview 
       Overview
      Dr. Vlahov is Dean and Professor at the University of California, San Francisco School of Nursing. He brings experience in inter-professional and interdisciplinary education and research, serving on the faculty as Professor of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins and Columbia Universities, with adjuncts in Medical Schools at Cornell, Mount Sinai and New York University and the College of Nursing at New York University. He has also served as co-Director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health and Society Scholars program. He brings research expertise in epidemiology, infectious diseases, substance abuse and mental health. Dr. Vlahov conducted studies of urban populations in Baltimore for over 20 years including several longitudinal cohort studies for which he received the NIH MERIT Award. More recently, Dr. Vlahov led epidemiologic studies in Harlem and the Bronx, which have served as a platform for subsequent individual- and community-level intervention studies and community based participatory research (involving partnerships with residents, community based organizations, academic/ public health departments) to address social determinants of health. This work has contributed information on racial/ethnic disparities in health and approaches to address such disparities. Uniting these interests, Dr. Vlahov initiated the International Society for Urban Health (www.isuh.org), serving as its first President. He is a Visiting Professor at the Medical School in Belo Horizonte, Brazil to develop their programs in urban health, and is an expert consultant to the WHO’s Urban Health Center in Kobe, Japan. He served on the New York City Board of Health. Dr. Vlahov is the editor-in-chief of the Journal of Urban Health, has edited three books on urban health and published over 610 scholarly papers.




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       Bibliographic 
       Publications
      Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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      1. Frye V, Blaney S, Cerdá M, Vlahov D, Galea S, Ompad DC. Neighborhood Characteristics and Sexual Intimate Partner Violence Against Women Among Low-Income, Drug-Involved New York City Residents: Results From the IMPACT Studies. Violence Against Women. 2014 Jul; 20(7):799-824.
        View in: PubMed
      2. Frye V, Blaney S, Cerdá M, Vlahov D, Galea S, Ompad DC. Neighborhood Characteristics and Sexual Intimate Partner Violence Against Women Among Low-Income, Drug-Involved New York City Residents: Results From the IMPACT Studies. Violence Against Women. 2014 Jul; 20(7):799-824.
        View in: PubMed
      3. Weiss L, Gass J, Egan JE, Ompad DC, Trezza C, Vlahov D. Understanding prolonged cessation from heroin use: findings from a community-based sample. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2014 Apr-Jun; 46(2):123-32.
        View in: PubMed
      4. Manini AF, Stimmel B, Vlahov D. Racial susceptibility for QT prolongation in acute drug overdoses. J Electrocardiol. 2014 Mar-Apr; 47(2):244-50.
        View in: PubMed
      5. Cerdá M, Ransome Y, Keyes KM, Koenen KC, Tardiff K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Revisiting the role of the urban environment in substance use: the case of analgesic overdose fatalities. Am J Public Health. 2013 Dec; 103(12):2252-60.
        View in: PubMed
      6. Manini A, Jacobs M, Vlahov D, Hurd Y. On the role of genetic testing for personalized drug overdose management. J Med Toxicol. 2013 Sep; 9(3):294-5.
        View in: PubMed
      7. Genberg BL, Gillespie M, Schuster CR, Johanson CE, Astemborski J, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Mehta SH. Prevalence and correlates of street-obtained buprenorphine use among current and former injectors in Baltimore, Maryland. Addict Behav. 2013 Dec; 38(12):2868-73.
        View in: PubMed
      8. Bond KT, Jones K, Ompad DC, Vlahov D. Resources and interest among faith based organizations for influenza vaccination programs. J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Aug; 15(4):758-63.
        View in: PubMed
      9. Cook RL, Zhu F, Belnap BH, Weber KM, Cole SR, Vlahov D, Cook JA, Hessol NA, Wilson TE, Plankey M, Howard AA, Sharp GB, Richardson JL, Cohen MH. Alcohol consumption trajectory patterns in adult women with HIV infection. AIDS Behav. 2013 Jun; 17(5):1705-12.
        View in: PubMed
      10. Manini AF, Jacobs MM, Vlahov D, Hurd YL. Opioid receptor polymorphism A118G associated with clinical severity in a drug overdose population. J Med Toxicol. 2013 Jun; 9(2):148-54.
        View in: PubMed
      11. Latkin CA, German D, Vlahov D, Galea S. Neighborhoods and HIV: a social ecological approach to prevention and care. Am Psychol. 2013 May-Jun; 68(4):210-24.
        View in: PubMed
      12. Cerdá M, Ransome Y, Keyes KM, Koenen KC, Tracy M, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Prescription opioid mortality trends in New York City, 1990-2006: examining the emergence of an epidemic. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Sep 1; 132(1-2):53-62.
        View in: PubMed
      13. Fu TC, Westergaard RP, Lau B, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Mehta SH, Kirk GD. Changes in sexual and drug-related risk behavior following antiretroviral therapy initiation among HIV-infected injection drug users. AIDS. 2012 Nov 28; 26(18):2383-91.
        View in: PubMed
      14. Tunik MG, Richmond N, Treiber M, Skomorowsky A, Galea S, Vlahov D, Blaney S, Kusick M, Silverman R, Foltin GL. Pediatric prehospital evaluation of NYC respiratory arrest survival (PHENYCS). Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Sep; 28(9):859-63.
        View in: PubMed
      15. Foltin GL, Richmond N, Treiber M, Skomorowsky A, Galea S, Vlahov D, Blaney S, Kusick M, Silverman R, Tunik MG. Pediatric prehospital evaluation of NYC cardiac arrest survival (PHENYCS). Pediatr Emerg Care. 2012 Sep; 28(9):864-8.
        View in: PubMed
      16. Ward D, Vlahov D. Commentary on: Meta-analysis and public policy: opportunity for nursing impact. Nurs Outlook. 2012 Sep-Oct; 60(5):302-4.
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      17. Ahern J, Cerdá M, Lippman SA, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Navigating non-positivity in neighbourhood studies: an analysis of collective efficacy and violence. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 Feb; 67(2):159-65.
        View in: PubMed
      18. Robinson S, Howie-Esquivel J, Vlahov D. Readmission risk factors after hospital discharge among the elderly. Popul Health Manag. 2012 Dec; 15(6):338-51.
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      19. Manini AF, Nelson LS, Stimmel B, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Incidence of adverse cardiovascular events in adults following drug overdose. Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Jul; 19(7):843-9.
        View in: PubMed
      20. Vlahov D, Bond KT, Jones KC, Ompad DC. Factors associated with differential uptake of seasonal influenza immunizations among underserved communities during the 2009-2010 influenza season. J Community Health. 2012 Apr; 37(2):282-7.
        View in: PubMed
      21. Nandi A, Prescott MR, Cerdá M, Vlahov D, Tardiff KJ, Galea S. Economic conditions and suicide rates in New York City. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Mar 15; 175(6):527-35.
        View in: PubMed
      22. Kessler DA, Ortiz C, Grima K, Vlahov D, Nandi V, Jones R, Hillyer CD, Shaz BH. Cardiovascular disease risk assessment and prevention in blood donors. Transfusion. 2012 Oct; 52(10):2174-82.
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      23. Goston JL, Caiaffa WT, de Souza Andrade AC, Vlahov D. Health behaviors and occupational stress of Brazilian civil servants living in an urban center. Am J Ind Med. 2013 Jan; 56(1):49-57.
        View in: PubMed
      24. Kopp JB, Nelson GW, Sampath K, Johnson RC, Genovese G, An P, Friedman D, Briggs W, Dart R, Korbet S, Mokrzycki MH, Kimmel PL, Limou S, Ahuja TS, Berns JS, Fryc J, Simon EE, Smith MC, Trachtman H, Michel DM, Schelling JR, Vlahov D, Pollak M, Winkler CA. APOL1 genetic variants in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and HIV-associated nephropathy. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Nov; 22(11):2129-37.
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      25. Friel S, Akerman M, Hancock T, Kumaresan J, Marmot M, Melin T, Vlahov D. Addressing the social and environmental determinants of urban health equity: evidence for action and a research agenda. J Urban Health. 2011 Oct; 88(5):860-74.
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      26. Friel S, Vlahov D, Buckley RM. No data, no problem, no action: addressing urban health inequity in the 21st century. J Urban Health. 2011 Oct; 88(5):858-9.
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      27. Vlahov D, Agarwal SR, Buckley RM, Caiaffa WT, Corvalan CF, Ezeh AC, Finkelstein R, Friel S, Harpham T, Hossain M, de Faria Leao B, Mboup G, Montgomery MR, Netherland JC, Ompad DC, Prasad A, Quinn AT, Rothman A, Satterthwaite DE, Stansfield S, Watson VJ. Roundtable on Urban Living Environment Research (RULER). J Urban Health. 2011 Oct; 88(5):793-857.
        View in: PubMed
      28. Factor SH, Sackoff JE, Raj-Singh S, Wu Y, Monserrate J, Munsiff S, Vlahov D. Street-outreach improves detection but not referral for drug users with latent tuberculosis, New York City. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(14):1711-5.
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      29. Todd CS, Nasir A, Stanekzai MR, Fiekert K, Rasuli MZ, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Prevalence and correlates of HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C infection and harm reduction program use among male injecting drug users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A cross-sectional assessment. Harm Reduct J. 2011; 8:22.
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      30. Ompad DC, Nandi V, Cerdá M, Crawford N, Galea S, Vlahov D. Beyond income: material resources among drug users in economically-disadvantaged New York City neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2012 Jan 1; 120(1-3):127-34.
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      31. Friedland G, Vlahov D. Integration of buprenorphine for substance-abuse treatment by HIV care providers. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Mar 1; 56 Suppl 1:S1-2.
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      32. Mehta SH, Astemborski J, Kirk GD, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Thomas DL. Changes in blood-borne infection risk among injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 2011 Mar 1; 203(5):587-94.
        View in: PubMed
      33. Vlahov D, Ompad DC, Fuller CM, Nandi V. Comparison of HIV risk by duration of injection drug use. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(2-3):181-91.
        View in: PubMed
      34. Ompad DC, Friedman SR, Hwahng SJ, Nandi V, Fuller CM, Vlahov D. HIV risk behaviors among young drug using women who have sex with women (WSWs) in New York City. Subst Use Misuse. 2011; 46(2-3):274-84.
        View in: PubMed
      35. Frye V, Ompad D, Chan C, Koblin B, Galea S, Vlahov D. Intimate partner violence perpetration and condom use-related factors: associations with heterosexual men's consistent condom use. AIDS Behav. 2011 Jan; 15(1):153-62.
        View in: PubMed
      36. Crawford ND, Vlahov D. Progress in HIV reduction and prevention among injection and noninjection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Dec; 55 Suppl 2:S84-7.
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      37. Freudenberg N, Ramaswamy M, Daniels J, Crum M, Ompad DC, Vlahov D. Reducing drug use, human immunodeficiency virus risk, and recidivism among young men leaving jail: evaluation of the REAL MEN re-entry program. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Nov; 47(5):448-55.
        View in: PubMed
      38. Bohnert AS, Nandi A, Tracy M, Cerdá M, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D, Galea S. Policing and risk of overdose mortality in urban neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2011 Jan 1; 113(1):62-8.
        View in: PubMed
      39. Yanik EL, Lucas GM, Vlahov D, Kirk GD, Mehta SH. HIV and proteinuria in an injection drug user population. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Oct; 5(10):1836-43.
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      40. Manini AF, Kumar A, Olsen D, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Utility of serum lactate to predict drug-overdose fatality. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2010 Aug; 48(7):730-6.
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      41. Manini AF, Nelson LS, Olsen D, Vlahov D, Hoffman RS. Medical examiner and medical toxicologist agreement on cause of death. Forensic Sci Int. 2011 Mar 20; 206(1-3):71-6.
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      42. Vlahov D, Robertson AM, Strathdee SA. Prevention of HIV infection among injection drug users in resource-limited settings. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 May 15; 50 Suppl 3:S114-21.
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      43. Cerdá M, Messner SF, Tracy M, Vlahov D, Goldmann E, Tardiff KJ, Galea S. Investigating the effect of social changes on age-specific gun-related homicide rates in New York City during the 1990s. Am J Public Health. 2010 Jun; 100(6):1107-15.
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      44. Bohnert AS, Prescott MR, Vlahov D, Tardiff KJ, Galea S. Ambient temperature and risk of death from accidental drug overdose in New York City, 1990-2006. Addiction. 2010 Jun; 105(6):1049-54.
        View in: PubMed
      45. Panchanadeswaran S, Frye V, Nandi V, Galea S, Vlahov D, Ompad D. Intimate partner violence and consistent condom use among drug-using heterosexual women in New York City. Women Health. 2010 Mar; 50(2):107-24.
        View in: PubMed
      46. Nandi A, Glass TA, Cole SR, Chu H, Galea S, Celentano DD, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Latimer WW, Mehta SH. Neighborhood poverty and injection cessation in a sample of injection drug users. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Feb 15; 171(4):391-8.
        View in: PubMed
      47. Mezuk B, Larkin GL, Prescott MR, Tracy M, Vlahov D, Tardiff K, Galea S. The influence of a major disaster on suicide risk in the population. J Trauma Stress. 2009 Dec; 22(6):481-8.
        View in: PubMed
      48. Guerrero-Preston R, Siegel A, Renz J, Vlahov D, Neugut A. HCV infection and cryptogenic cirrhosis are risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma among Latinos in New York City. J Community Health. 2009 Dec; 34(6):500-5.
        View in: PubMed
      49. Nandi A, Tracy M, Beard JR, Vlahov D, Galea S. Patterns and predictors of trajectories of depression after an urban disaster. Ann Epidemiol. 2009 Nov; 19(11):761-70.
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      50. Castor D, Vlahov D, Hoover DR, Berkman A, Wu YF, Zeller B, Brechtl J, Hammer SM. The relationship between genotypic sensitivity score and treatment outcomes in late stage HIV disease after supervised HAART. J Med Virol. 2009 Aug; 81(8):1323-35.
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      51. Laumbach RJ, Harris G, Kipen HM, Georgopoulos P, Shade P, Isukapalli SS, Efstathiou C, Galea S, Vlahov D, Wartenberg D. Lack of association between estimated World Trade Center plume intensity and respiratory symptoms among New York City residents outside of Lower Manhattan. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Sep 1; 170(5):640-9.
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      52. Cerdá M, Tracy M, Messner SF, Vlahov D, Tardiff K, Galea S. Misdemeanor policing, physical disorder, and gun-related homicide: a spatial analytic test of "broken-windows" theory. Epidemiology. 2009 Jul; 20(4):533-41.
        View in: PubMed
      53. Ghebremichael M, Paintsil E, Ickovics JR, Vlahov D, Schuman P, Boland R, Schoenbaum E, Moore J, Zhang H. Longitudinal association of alcohol use with HIV disease progression and psychological health of women with HIV. AIDS Care. 2009 Jul; 21(7):834-41.
        View in: PubMed
      54. Holtzman D, Barry V, Ouellet LJ, Des Jarlais DC, Vlahov D, Golub ET, Hudson SM, Garfein RS. The influence of needle exchange programs on injection risk behaviors and infection with hepatitis C virus among young injection drug users in select cities in the United States, 1994-2004. Prev Med. 2009 Aug; 49(1):68-73.
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      55. Vlahov D, Strathdee S. The bottom line on cash incentives with drug users. Addiction. 2009 May; 104(5):796-7.
        View in: PubMed
      56. Cook RL, Zhu F, Belnap BH, Weber K, Cook JA, Vlahov D, Wilson TE, Hessol NA, Plankey M, Howard AA, Cole SR, Sharp GB, Richardson JL, Cohen MH. Longitudinal trends in hazardous alcohol consumption among women with human immunodeficiency virus infection, 1995-2006. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Apr 15; 169(8):1025-32.
        View in: PubMed
      57. Beard JR, Blaney S, Cerda M, Frye V, Lovasi GS, Ompad D, Rundle A, Vlahov D. Neighborhood characteristics and disability in older adults. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2009 Mar; 64(2):252-7.
        View in: PubMed
      58. DiMaggio C, Galea S, Vlahov D. Bayesian hierarchical spatial modeling of substance abuse patterns following a mass trauma: the role of time and place. Subst Use Misuse. 2009; 44(12):1725-43.
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      59. Golub JE, Astemborski J, Ahmed M, Cronin W, Mehta SH, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Chaisson RE. Long-term effectiveness of diagnosing and treating latent tuberculosis infection in a cohort of HIV-infected and at-risk injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Dec 15; 49(5):532-7.
        View in: PubMed
      60. Shardell M, Scharfstein DO, Vlahov D, Galai N. Inference for cumulative incidence functions with informatively coarsened discrete event-time data. Stat Med. 2008 Dec 10; 27(28):5861-79.
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      61. Hendrickson SL, Hutcheson HB, Ruiz-Pesini E, Poole JC, Lautenberger J, Sezgin E, Kingsley L, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Donfield S, Wallace DC, O'Brien SJ. Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups influence AIDS progression. AIDS. 2008 Nov 30; 22(18):2429-39.
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      62. Gershon RR, Pearson JM, Nandi V, Vlahov D, Bucciarelli-Prann A, Tracy M, Tardiff K, Galea S. Epidemiology of subway-related fatalities in New York City, 1990-2003. J Safety Res. 2008; 39(6):583-8.
        View in: PubMed
      63. Beard JR, Cerdá M, Blaney S, Ahern J, Vlahov D, Galea S. Neighborhood characteristics and change in depressive symptoms among older residents of New York City. Am J Public Health. 2009 Jul; 99(7):1308-14.
        View in: PubMed
      64. Mezuk B, Prescott MR, Tardiff K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Suicide in older adults in long-term care: 1990 to 2005. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008 Nov; 56(11):2107-11.
        View in: PubMed
      65. Ompad DC, Fuller CM, Chan CA, Frye V, Vlahov D, Galea S. Correlates of illicit methadone use in New York City: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2008; 8:375.
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      66. Shardell M, Scharfstein DO, Vlahov D, Galai N. Sensitivity analysis using elicited expert information for inference with coarsened data: illustration of censored discrete event times in the AIDS Link to Intravenous Experience (ALIVE) Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Dec 15; 168(12):1460-9.
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      67. Beard JR, Galea S, Vlahov D. Longitudinal population-based studies of affective disorders: where to from here? BMC Psychiatry. 2008; 8:83.
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      68. Kopp JB, Smith MW, Nelson GW, Johnson RC, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Oleksyk T, McKenzie LM, Kajiyama H, Ahuja TS, Berns JS, Briggs W, Cho ME, Dart RA, Kimmel PL, Korbet SM, Michel DM, Mokrzycki MH, Schelling JR, Simon E, Trachtman H, Vlahov D, Winkler CA. MYH9 is a major-effect risk gene for focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Nat Genet. 2008 Oct; 40(10):1175-84.
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      69. Frye V, Koblin B, Chin J, Beard J, Blaney S, Halkitis P, Vlahov D, Galea S. Neighborhood-level correlates of consistent condom use among men who have sex with men: a multi-level analysis. AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug; 14(4):974-85.
        View in: PubMed
      70. Cerda M, Vlahov D, Tracy M, Galea S. Alcohol use trajectories among adults in an urban area after a disaster: evidence from a population-based cohort study. Addiction. 2008 Aug; 103(8):1296-307.
        View in: PubMed
      71. Cook JA, Burke-Miller JK, Cohen MH, Cook RL, Vlahov D, Wilson TE, Golub ET, Schwartz RM, Howard AA, Ponath C, Plankey MW, Levine AM, Levine A, Grey DD. Crack cocaine, disease progression, and mortality in a multicenter cohort of HIV-1 positive women. AIDS. 2008 Jul 11; 22(11):1355-63.
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      72. Amon JJ, Garfein RS, Ahdieh-Grant L, Armstrong GL, Ouellet LJ, Latka MH, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Hudson SM, Kerndt P, Des Jarlais D, Williams IT. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection among injection drug users in the United States, 1994-2004. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Jun 15; 46(12):1852-8.
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      73. Mehta SH, Genberg BL, Astemborski J, Kavasery R, Kirk GD, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Thomas DL. Limited uptake of hepatitis C treatment among injection drug users. J Community Health. 2008 Jun; 33(3):126-33.
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      74. Amesty S, Ompad DC, Galea S, Fuller CM, Wu Y, Koblin B, Vlahov D. Prevalence and correlates of previous hepatitis B vaccination and infection among young drug-users in New York City. J Community Health. 2008 Jun; 33(3):139-48.
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      75. Coady MH, Galea S, Blaney S, Ompad DC, Sisco S, Vlahov D. Project VIVA: a multilevel community-based intervention to increase influenza vaccination rates among hard-to-reach populations in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2008 Jul; 98(7):1314-21.
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      76. Phillips-Caesar E, Coady MH, Blaney S, Ompad DC, Sisco S, Glidden K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Predictors of influenza vaccination in an urban community during a national shortage. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2008 May; 19(2):611-24.
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      77. Beard JR, Tracy M, Vlahov D, Galea S. Trajectory and socioeconomic predictors of depression in a prospective study of residents of New York City. Ann Epidemiol. 2008 Mar; 18(3):235-43.
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      78. Guerrero-Preston R, Chan C, Vlahov D, Mitchell MK, Johnson SB, Freeman H. Previous cancer screening behavior as predictor of endoscopic colon cancer screening among women aged 50 and over, in NYC 2002. J Community Health. 2008 Feb; 33(1):10-21.
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      79. Ompad DC, Galea S, Marshall G, Fuller CM, Weiss L, Beard JR, Chan C, Edwards V, Vlahov D. Sampling and recruitment in multilevel studies among marginalized urban populations: the IMPACT studies. J Urban Health. 2008 Mar; 85(2):268-80.
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      80. Vlahov D, Wang C, Ompad D, Fuller CM, Caceres W, Ouellet L, Kerndt P, Jarlais DC, Garfein RS. Mortality risk among recent-onset injection drug users in five U.S. cities. Subst Use Misuse. 2008; 43(3-4):413-28.
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      81. Galea S, Ahern J, Tracy M, Hubbard A, Cerda M, Goldmann E, Vlahov D. Longitudinal determinants of posttraumatic stress in a population-based cohort study. Epidemiology. 2008 Jan; 19(1):47-54.
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      82. Boutin-Foster C, Phillips E, Palermo AG, Boyer A, Fortin P, Rashid T, Vlahov D, Mintz J, Love G. The role of community-academic partnerships: implications for medical education, research, and patient care. Prog Community Health Partnersh. 2008; 2(1):55-60.
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      83. Kapadia F, Vlahov D, Wu Y, Cohen MH, Greenblatt RM, Howard AA, Cook JA, Goparaju L, Golub E, Richardson J, Wilson TE. Impact of drug abuse treatment modalities on adherence to ART/HAART among a cohort of HIV seropositive women. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2008; 34(2):161-70.
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      84. Lucas GM, Mehta SH, Atta MG, Kirk GD, Galai N, Vlahov D, Moore RD. End-stage renal disease and chronic kidney disease in a cohort of African-American HIV-infected and at-risk HIV-seronegative participants followed between 1988 and 2004. AIDS. 2007 Nov 30; 21(18):2435-43.
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      85. Jones TS, Vlahov D. What we can learn from the INSPIRE Study about improving prevention and clinical care for injection drug users living with HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Nov 1; 46 Suppl 2:S31-4.
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      86. Vlahov D, Coady MH, Galea S, Ompad DC, Barondess JA. Pandemic preparedness and hard to reach populations. Am J Disaster Med. 2007 Nov-Dec; 2(6):281-3.
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      87. Bonanno GA, Galea S, Bucciarelli A, Vlahov D. What predicts psychological resilience after disaster? The role of demographics, resources, and life stress. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2007 Oct; 75(5):671-82.
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      88. Gross C, Piper TM, Bucciarelli A, Tardiff K, Vlahov D, Galea S. Suicide tourism in Manhattan, New York City, 1990-2004. J Urban Health. 2007 Nov; 84(6):755-65.
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      89. Nash D, Andreopoulos E, Horowitz D, Sohler N, Vlahov D. Differences among U.S. states in estimating the number of people living with HIV/AIDS: impact on allocation of federal Ryan White funding. Public Health Rep. 2007 Sep-Oct; 122(5):644-56.
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      90. Bernstein KT, Galea S, Ahern J, Tracy M, Vlahov D. The built environment and alcohol consumption in urban neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Dec 1; 91(2-3):244-52.
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      91. Vlahov D, Coady MH, Ompad DC, Galea S. Strategies for improving influenza immunization rates among hard-to-reach populations. J Urban Health. 2007 Jul; 84(4):615-31.
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      92. Semba RD, Ricketts EP, Mehta S, Netski D, Thomas D, Kirk G, Wu AW, Vlahov D. Effect of micronutrients and iron supplementation on hemoglobin, iron status, and plasma hepatitis C and HIV RNA levels in female injection drug users: a controlled clinical trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Jul 1; 45(3):298-303.
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      93. Galea S, Blaney S, Nandi A, Silverman R, Vlahov D, Foltin G, Kusick M, Tunik M, Richmond N. Explaining racial disparities in incidence of and survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Sep 1; 166(5):534-43.
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      94. Kirk GD, Vlahov D. Improving survival among HIV-infected injection drug users: how should we define success? Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Aug 1; 45(3):377-80.
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      95. Coffin PO, Tracy M, Bucciarelli A, Ompad D, Vlahov D, Galea S. Identifying injection drug users at risk of nonfatal overdose. Acad Emerg Med. 2007 Jul; 14(7):616-23.
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      96. Weiss L, Ompad D, Galea S, Vlahov D. Defining neighborhood boundaries for urban health research. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Jun; 32(6 Suppl):S154-9.
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      97. Galea S, Ahern J, Tracy M, Vlahov D. Neighborhood income and income distribution and the use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Jun; 32(6 Suppl):S195-202.
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      105. Cook JA, Grey DD, Burke-Miller JK, Cohen MH, Vlahov D, Kapadia F, Wilson TE, Cook R, Schwartz RM, Golub ET, Anastos K, Ponath C, Goparaju L, Levine AM. Illicit drug use, depression and their association with highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-positive women. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Jun 15; 89(1):74-81.
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      107. Semba RD, Ricketts EP, Mehta SF, Kirk GD, Latkin C, Galai N, Vlahov D. Adherence and retention of female injection drug users in a phase III clinical trial in inner city Baltimore. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2007; 33(1):71-80.
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      108. Bernstein KT, Ahern J, Tracy M, Boscarino JA, Vlahov D, Galea S. Television watching and the risk of incident probable posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective evaluation. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2007 Jan; 195(1):41-7.
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      110. Gershon RR, Sherman M, Mitchell C, Vlahov D, Erwin MJ, Lears MK, Felknor S, Lubelczyk RA, Alter MJ. Prevalence and risk factors for bloodborne exposure and infection in correctional healthcare workers. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Jan; 28(1):24-30.
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      111. Carrieri MP, Amass L, Lucas GM, Vlahov D, Wodak A, Woody GE. Buprenorphine use: the international experience. Clin Infect Dis. 2006 Dec 15; 43 Suppl 4:S197-215.
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      112. Fuller CM, Galea S, Caceres W, Blaney S, Sisco S, Vlahov D. Multilevel community-based intervention to increase access to sterile syringes among injection drug users through pharmacy sales in New York City. Am J Public Health. 2007 Jan; 97(1):117-24.
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      113. Galea S, Ahern J, Tracy M, Rudenstine S, Vlahov D. Education inequality and use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2007 Sep; 90 Suppl 1:S4-15.
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      114. Mehta SH, Galai N, Astemborski J, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, Nelson KE. HIV incidence among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland (1988-2004). J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Nov 1; 43(3):368-72.
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      115. Deren S, Cleland CM, Fuller C, Kang SY, Des Jarlais DC, Vlahov D. The impact of syringe deregulation on sources of syringes for injection drug users: preliminary findings. AIDS Behav. 2006 Nov; 10(6):717-21.
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      116. Absalon J, Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Blaney S, Koblin B, Galea S, Vlahov D. Gender differences in sexual behaviors, sexual partnerships, and HIV among drug users in New York City. AIDS Behav. 2006 Nov; 10(6):707-15.
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      122. Bashirova AA, Bleiber G, Qi Y, Hutcheson H, Yamashita T, Johnson RC, Cheng J, Alter G, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, May M, Maldarelli F, Jacobson L, O'brien SJ, Telenti A, Carrington M. Consistent effects of TSG101 genetic variability on multiple outcomes of exposure to human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Virol. 2006 Jul; 80(14):6757-63.
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      123. Bower WA, Culver DH, Castor D, Wu Y, James VN, Zheng H, Hammer S, Kuhnert WL, Williams IT, Bell BP, Vlahov D, Dezzutti CS. Changes in hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral load and interferon-alpha levels in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Jul; 42(3):293-7.
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      132. Nash D, Azeez S, Vlahov D, Schori M. Evaluation of an intervention to increase screening colonoscopy in an urban public hospital setting. J Urban Health. 2006 Mar; 83(2):231-43.
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      135. Miguel-Tobal JJ, Cano-Vindel A, Gonzalez-Ordi H, Iruarrizaga I, Rudenstine S, Vlahov D, Galea S. PTSD and depression after the Madrid March 11 train bombings. J Trauma Stress. 2006 Feb; 19(1):69-80.
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      201. Martin MP, Lederman MM, Hutcheson HB, Goedert JJ, Nelson GW, van Kooyk Y, Detels R, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. Association of DC-SIGN promoter polymorphism with increased risk for parenteral, but not mucosal, acquisition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. J Virol. 2004 Dec; 78(24):14053-6.
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      202. Vlahov D, Gibble E, Freudenberg N, Galea S. Cities and health: history, approaches, and key questions. Acad Med. 2004 Dec; 79(12):1133-8.
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      203. Ompad DC, Galea S, Wu Y, Fuller CM, Latka M, Koblin B, Vlahov D. Acceptance and completion of hepatitis B vaccination among drug users in New York City. Commun Dis Public Health. 2004 Dec; 7(4):294-300.
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      204. Dorrucci M, Valdarchi C, Suligoi B, Zaccarelli M, Sinicco A, Giuliani M, Vlahov D, Pezzotti P, Rezza G. The effect of hepatitis C on progression to AIDS before and after highly active antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2004 Nov 19; 18(17):2313-8.
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      205. Dezzutti CS, Astemborski J, Thomas DL, Marshall JH, Cabrera T, Purdy M, Vlahov D, Garfein RS. Prevalence of cryoglobulinemia in hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. J Clin Virol. 2004 Nov; 31(3):210-4.
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      206. Pilowsky DJ, Zybert PA, Vlahov D. Resilient children of injection drug users. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2004 Nov; 43(11):1372-9.
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      207. Ahern J, Galea S, Fernandez WG, Koci B, Waldman R, Vlahov D. Gender, social support, and posttraumatic stress in postwar Kosovo. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Nov; 192(11):762-70.
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      208. Thio CL, Mosbruger TL, Kaslow RA, Karp CL, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Astemborski J, Thomas DL. Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 gene and recovery from hepatitis B virus infection. J Virol. 2004 Oct; 78(20):11258-62.
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      209. An P, Bleiber G, Duggal P, Nelson G, May M, Mangeat B, Alobwede I, Trono D, Vlahov D, Donfield S, Goedert JJ, Phair J, Buchbinder S, O'Brien SJ, Telenti A, Winkler CA. APOBEC3G genetic variants and their influence on the progression to AIDS. J Virol. 2004 Oct; 78(20):11070-6.
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      210. Nandi A, Galea S, Tracy M, Ahern J, Resnick H, Gershon R, Vlahov D. Job loss, unemployment, work stress, job satisfaction, and the persistence of posttraumatic stress disorder one year after the September 11 attacks. J Occup Environ Med. 2004 Oct; 46(10):1057-64.
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      211. Galea S, Vlahov D, Tracy M, Hoover DR, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D. Hispanic ethnicity and post-traumatic stress disorder after a disaster: evidence from a general population survey after September 11, 2001. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Sep; 14(8):520-31.
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      212. Vlahov D, Galea S. Epidemiologic research and disasters. Ann Epidemiol. 2004 Sep; 14(8):532-4.
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      213. Ompad DC, Galea S, Fuller CM, Phelan D, Vlahov D. Club drug use among minority substance users in New York City. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2004 Sep; 36(3):397-9.
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      214. Hamburger ME, Moore J, Koenig LJ, Vlahov D, Schoenbaum EE, Schuman P, Mayer K. Persistence of inconsistent condom use: relation to abuse history and HIV serostatus. AIDS Behav. 2004 Sep; 8(3):333-44.
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      215. Wang C, Vlahov D, Galai N, Bareta J, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE, Sterling TR. Mortality in HIV-seropositive versus -seronegative persons in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: implications for when to initiate therapy. J Infect Dis. 2004 Sep 15; 190(6):1046-54.
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      216. Becker Buxton M, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Des Jarlais DC, Morse EV, Ouellet L, Kerndt P, Garfein RS. Association between injection practices and duration of injection among recently initiated injection drug users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2004 Aug 16; 75(2):177-83.
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      217. Khakoo SI, Thio CL, Martin MP, Brooks CR, Gao X, Astemborski J, Cheng J, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Hilgartner M, Cox S, Little AM, Alexander GJ, Cramp ME, O'Brien SJ, Rosenberg WM, Thomas DL, Carrington M. HLA and NK cell inhibitory receptor genes in resolving hepatitis C virus infection. Science. 2004 Aug 6; 305(5685):872-4.
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      218. Vlahov D, Wang CL, Galai N, Bareta J, Mehta SH, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE. Mortality risk among new onset injection drug users. Addiction. 2004 Aug; 99(8):946-54.
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      219. Macalino GE, Vlahov D, Sanford-Colby S, Patel S, Sabin K, Salas C, Rich JD. Prevalence and incidence of HIV, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among males in Rhode Island prisons. Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul; 94(7):1218-23.
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      220. Bryant WK, Galea S, Tracy M, Markham Piper T, Tardiff KJ, Vlahov D. Overdose deaths attributed to methadone and heroin in New York City, 1990-1998. Addiction. 2004 Jul; 99(7):846-54.
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      221. Vlahov D. Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Nonrandomized Designs (TREND). J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):163-4.
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      222. Nelson BD, Fernandez WG, Galea S, Sisco S, Dierberg K, Gorgieva GS, Nandi AK, Ahern J, Mitrovic M, VanRooyen M, Vlahov D. War-related psychological sequelae among emergency department patients in the former Republic of Yugoslavia. BMC Med. 2004 Jun 1; 2:22.
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      223. Garfein RS, Monterroso ER, Tong TC, Vlahov D, Des Jarlais DC, Selwyn P, Kerndt PR, Word C, Fernando MD, Ouellet LJ, Holmberg SD. Comparison of HIV infection risk behaviors among injection drug users from East and West Coast US cities. J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):260-7.
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      224. Karacki PS, Gao X, Thio CL, Thomas DL, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Kaslow RA, Strathdee S, Hilgartner MW, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. MICA and recovery from hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B virus infections. Genes Immun. 2004 Jun; 5(4):261-6.
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      225. Thio CL, Goedert JJ, Mosbruger T, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, O'Brien SJ, Astemborski J, Thomas DL. An analysis of tumor necrosis factor alpha gene polymorphisms and haplotypes with natural clearance of hepatitis C virus infection. Genes Immun. 2004 Jun; 5(4):294-300.
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      226. Mitchell MK, Gregersen PK, Johnson S, Parsons R, Vlahov D. The New York Cancer Project: rationale, organization, design, and baseline characteristics. J Urban Health. 2004 Jun; 81(2):301-10.
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      227. Vlahov D, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Boscarino JA, Gold J, Bucuvalas M, Kilpatrick D. Consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among New York City residents six months after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2004 May; 30(2):385-407.
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      228. Rompalo AM, Shah N, Margolick JB, Farzadegan H, Arnsten J, Schuman P, Rich JD, Gardner LI, Smith DK, Vlahov D. Evaluation of possible effects of continued drug use on HIV progression among women. Int J STD AIDS. 2004 May; 15(5):322-7.
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      229. Sethi AK, Celentano DD, Gange SJ, Gallant JE, Vlahov D, Farzadegan H. High-risk behavior and potential transmission of drug-resistant HIV among injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Apr 15; 35(5):503-10.
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      230. Smith MW, Patterson N, Lautenberger JA, Truelove AL, McDonald GJ, Waliszewska A, Kessing BD, Malasky MJ, Scafe C, Le E, De Jager PL, Mignault AA, Yi Z, De The G, Essex M, Sankale JL, Moore JH, Poku K, Phair JP, Goedert JJ, Vlahov D, Williams SM, Tishkoff SA, Winkler CA, De La Vega FM, Woodage T, Sninsky JJ, Hafler DA, Altshuler D, Gilbert DA, O'Brien SJ, Reich D. A high-density admixture map for disease gene discovery in african americans. Am J Hum Genet. 2004 May; 74(5):1001-13.
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      231. Tun W, Gange SJ, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA, Celentano DD. Increase in sexual risk behavior associated with immunologic response to highly active antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected injection drug users. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Apr 15; 38(8):1167-74.
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      232. Vlahov D, Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Galea S, Des Jarlais DC. Updating the infection risk reduction hierarchy: preventing transition into injection. J Urban Health. 2004 Mar; 81(1):14-9.
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      233. Fuller CM, Ompad DC, Galea S, Wu Y, Koblin B, Vlahov D. Hepatitis C incidence--a comparison between injection and noninjection drug users in New York City. J Urban Health. 2004 Mar; 81(1):20-4.
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      234. Ahern J, Galea S, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Television images and probable posttraumatic stress disorder after September 11: the role of background characteristics, event exposures, and perievent panic. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2004 Mar; 192(3):217-26.
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      235. Boscarino JA, Galea S, Adams RE, Ahern J, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Mental health service and medication use in New York City after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack. Psychiatr Serv. 2004 Mar; 55(3):274-83.
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      236. Vlahov D, Galea S. War and anxiety disorders. Epidemiology. 2004 Mar; 15(2):129-30.
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      237. Fernandez WG, Galea S, Ahern J, Sisco S, Waldman RJ, Koci B, Vlahov D. Mental health status among ethnic Albanians seeking medical care in an emergency department two years after the war in Kosovo: a pilot project. Ann Emerg Med. 2004 Feb; 43(2):E1-8.
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      238. Vlahov D, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D. Sustained increased consumption of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among Manhattan residents after september 11, 2001. Am J Public Health. 2004 Feb; 94(2):253-4.
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      239. Garten RJ, Lai S, Zhang J, Liu W, Chen J, Vlahov D, Yu XF. Rapid transmission of hepatitis C virus among young injecting heroin users in Southern China. Int J Epidemiol. 2004 Feb; 33(1):182-8.
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      240. Coffin PO, Fuller C, Blaney S, Vadnai L, Miller S, Vlahov D. Syringe distribution to injection drug users for prevention of HIV infection: opinions and practices of health care providers in New York City. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 1; 38(3):438-41.
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      241. Galea S, Nandi A, Vlahov D. The social epidemiology of substance use. Epidemiol Rev. 2004; 26:36-52.
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      242. Torbenson M, Kannangai R, Astemborski J, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, Thomas DL. High prevalence of occult hepatitis B in Baltimore injection drug users. Hepatology. 2004 Jan; 39(1):51-7.
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      243. Fuller CM, Galea S, Blaney S, Ompad DC, Deren S, Des Jarlais D, Vlahov D. Explaining the relationship between race/ethnicity and pharmacy purchased syringes among injection drug users in New York City. Ethn Dis. 2004; 14(4):589-96.
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      244. Royal W, Vlahov D, Lyles C, Gajewski CD. Retinoids and drugs of abuse: implications for neurological disease risk in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 15; 37 Suppl 5:S427-32.
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      245. Normand JL, Lambert EY, Vlahov D. Understanding the dynamics of sexual transmission of HIV among drug-using populations: an integration of biological, behavioral, and environmental perspectives. J Urban Health. 2003 Dec; 80(4 Suppl 3):iii1-6.
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      246. Galea S, Ahern J, Vlahov D. Contextual determinants of drug use risk behavior: a theoretic framework. J Urban Health. 2003 Dec; 80(4 Suppl 3):iii50-8.
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      247. Fagan J, Galea S, Ahern J, Bonner S, Vlahov D. Relationship of self-reported asthma severity and urgent health care utilization to psychological sequelae of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center among New York City area residents. Psychosom Med. 2003 Nov-Dec; 65(6):993-6.
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      248. Vlahov D, Galea S. Urban health: a new discipline. Lancet. 2003 Oct 4; 362(9390):1091-2.
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      249. Zwahlen M, Vlahov D. Commentary: Modelling and understanding differences in human immunodeficiency and hepatitis C virus epidemiology in injection drug users. Int J Epidemiol. 2003 Oct; 32(5):715-6.
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      250. Rudenstine S, Galea S, Ahern J, Felton C, Vlahov D. Awareness and perceptions of a communitywide mental health program in New York city after September 11. Psychiatr Serv. 2003 Oct; 54(10):1404-6.
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      251. Pulcino T, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Foley M, Vlahov D. Posttraumatic stress in women after the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2003 Oct; 12(8):809-20.
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      252. Galai N, Safaeian M, Vlahov D, Bolotin A, Celentano DD. Longitudinal patterns of drug injection behavior in the ALIVE Study cohort,1988-2000: description and determinants. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Oct 1; 158(7):695-704.
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      253. Galea S, Vlahov D, Resnick H, Ahern J, Susser E, Gold J, Bucuvalas M, Kilpatrick D. Trends of probable post-traumatic stress disorder in New York City after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Sep 15; 158(6):514-24.
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      254. Tun W, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Attitudes toward HIV treatments influence unsafe sexual and injection practices among injecting drug users. AIDS. 2003 Sep 5; 17(13):1953-62.
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      255. Mayer KH, Hogan JW, Smith D, Klein RS, Schuman P, Margolick JB, Korkontzelou C, Farzedegan H, Vlahov D, Carpenter CC. Clinical and immunologic progression in HIV-infected US women before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Aug 15; 33(5):614-24.
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      256. Pilowsky DJ, Zybert PA, Hsieh PW, Vlahov D, Susser E. Children of HIV-positive drug-using parents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003 Aug; 42(8):950-6.
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      257. An P, Vlahov D, Margolick JB, Phair J, O'Brien TR, Lautenberger J, O'Brien SJ, Winkler CA. A tumor necrosis factor-alpha-inducible promoter variant of interferon-gamma accelerates CD4+ T cell depletion in human immunodeficiency virus-1-infected individuals. J Infect Dis. 2003 Jul 15; 188(2):228-31.
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      258. Koblin BA, Factor SH, Wu Y, Vlahov D. Hepatitis C virus infection among noninjecting drug users in New York City. J Med Virol. 2003 Jul; 70(3):387-90.
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      259. Duggal P, An P, Beaty TH, Strathdee SA, Farzadegan H, Markham RB, Johnson L, O'Brien SJ, Vlahov D, Winkler CA. Genetic influence of CXCR6 chemokine receptor alleles on PCP-mediated AIDS progression among African Americans. Genes Immun. 2003 Jun; 4(4):245-50.
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      260. Coffin PO, Galea S, Ahern J, Leon AC, Vlahov D, Tardiff K. Opiates, cocaine and alcohol combinations in accidental drug overdose deaths in New York City, 1990-98. Addiction. 2003 Jun; 98(6):739-47.
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      261. Coffin PO, Fuller C, Vadnai L, Blaney S, Galea S, Vlahov D. Preliminary evidence of health care provider support for naloxone prescription as overdose fatality prevention strategy in New York City. J Urban Health. 2003 Jun; 80(2):288-90.
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      262. Boscarino JA, Galea S, Ahern J, Resnick H, Vlahov D. Psychiatric medication use among Manhattan residents following the World Trade Center disaster. J Trauma Stress. 2003 Jun; 16(3):301-6.
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      263. Galea S, Ahern J, Tardiff K, Leon A, Coffin PO, Derr K, Vlahov D. Racial/ethnic disparities in overdose mortality trends in New York City, 1990-1998. J Urban Health. 2003 Jun; 80(2):201-11.
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      264. Galea S, Ahern J, Vlahov D, Coffin PO, Fuller C, Leon AC, Tardiff K. Income distribution and risk of fatal drug overdose in New York City neighborhoods. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2003 May 21; 70(2):139-48.
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      265. Lai S, Lai H, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Ren S, Margolick J, Lima JA, Bartlett JG. Factors associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in HIV-1-infected persons treated with protease inhibitors. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2003 May; 17(5):211-9.
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      266. Modi WS, O'Brien TR, Vlahov D, Buchbinder S, Gomperts E, Phair J, O'Brien SJ, Winkler C. Haplotype diversity in the interleukin-4 gene is not associated with HIV-1 transmission and AIDS progression. Immunogenetics. 2003 Jun; 55(3):157-64.
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      267. Stover CT, Smith DK, Schmid DS, Pellett PE, Stewart JA, Klein RS, Mayer K, Vlahov D, Schuman P, Cannon MJ. Prevalence of and risk factors for viral infections among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and high-risk HIV-uninfected women. J Infect Dis. 2003 May 1; 187(9):1388-96.
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      268. Golub ET, Astemborski JA, Hoover DR, Anthony JC, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Psychological distress and progression to AIDS in a cohort of injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Apr 1; 32(4):429-34.
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      269. Meng Q, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Margolick JB, Lai S. Elevated C-reactive protein levels are associated with endothelial dysfunction in chronic cocaine users. Int J Cardiol. 2003 Apr; 88(2-3):191-8.
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      270. Des Jarlais DC, Diaz T, Perlis T, Vlahov D, Maslow C, Latka M, Rockwell R, Edwards V, Friedman SR, Monterroso E, Williams I, Garfein RS. Variability in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infection among young injecting drug users in New York City. Am J Epidemiol. 2003 Mar 1; 157(5):467-71.
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      271. Juday TR, Wu A, Celentano DD, Frick KD, Wang MC, Vlahov D. The role of Medicaid HMO enrollment in the longitudinal utilization of medical care services in a cohort of injecting drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Subst Abus. 2003 Mar; 24(1):27-41.
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      272. Bernstein KT, Jacobson LP, Jenkins FJ, Vlahov D, Armenian HK. Factors associated with human herpesvirus type 8 infection in an injecting drug user cohort. Sex Transm Dis. 2003 Mar; 30(3):199-204.
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      273. Mulherin SA, O'Brien TR, Ioannidis JP, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder SP, Coutinho RA, Jamieson BD, Meyer L, Michael NL, Pantaleo G, Rizzardi GP, Schuitemaker H, Sheppard HW, Theodorou ID, Vlahov D, Rosenberg PS. Effects of CCR5-Delta32 and CCR2-64I alleles on HIV-1 disease progression: the protection varies with duration of infection. AIDS. 2003 Feb 14; 17(3):377-87.
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      274. Henderson LA, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA. Readiness for cessation of drug use among recent attenders and nonattenders of a needle exchange program. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Feb 1; 32(2):229-37.
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      275. Kuo I, Brady J, Butler C, Schwartz R, Brooner R, Vlahov D, Strathdee SA. Feasibility of referring drug users from a needle exchange program into an addiction treatment program: experience with a mobile treatment van and LAAM maintenance. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2003 Jan; 24(1):67-74.
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      276. Fuller CM, Vlahov D, Latkin CA, Ompad DC, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA. Social circumstances of initiation of injection drug use and early shooting gallery attendance: implications for HIV intervention among adolescent and young adult injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Jan 1; 32(1):86-93.
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      277. Gruskin L, Gange SJ, Celentano D, Schuman P, Moore JS, Zierler S, Vlahov D. Incidence of violence against HIV-infected and uninfected women: findings from the HIV Epidemiology Research (HER) study. J Urban Health. 2002 Dec; 79(4):512-24.
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      278. Vlahov D, Galea S. Urbanization, urbanicity, and health. J Urban Health. 2002 Dec; 79(4 Suppl 1):S1-S12.
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      279. Howard AA, Arnsten JH, Lo Y, Vlahov D, Rich JD, Schuman P, Stone VE, Smith DK, Schoenbaum EE. A prospective study of adherence and viral load in a large multi-center cohort of HIV-infected women. AIDS. 2002 Nov 8; 16(16):2175-82.
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      280. Coffin PO, Ahern J, Dorris S, Stevenson L, Fuller C, Vlahov D. More pharmacists in high-risk neighborhoods of New York City support selling syringes to injection drug users. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2002 Nov-Dec; 42(6 Suppl 2):S62-7.
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      281. Fuller CM, Ahern J, Vadnai L, Coffin PO, Galea S, Factor SH, Vlahov D. Impact of increased syringe access: preliminary findings on injection drug user syringe source, disposal, and pharmacy sales in Harlem, New York. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2002 Nov-Dec; 42(6 Suppl 2):S77-82.
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      282. Kapadia F, Vlahov D, Des Jarlais DC, Strathdee SA, Ouellet L, Kerndt P, Morse E EV, Williams I, Garfein RS. Does bleach disinfection of syringes protect against hepatitis C infection among young adult injection drug users? Epidemiology. 2002 Nov; 13(6):738-41.
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      283. Sheu M, Hogan J, Allsworth J, Stein M, Vlahov D, Schoenbaum EE, Schuman P, Gardner L, Flanigan T. Continuity of medical care and risk of incarceration in HIV-positive and high-risk HIV-negative women. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2002 Oct; 11(8):743-50.
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      284. Nelson KE, Galai N, Safaeian M, Strathdee SA, Celentano DD, Vlahov D. Temporal trends in the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus infection and risk behavior among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, 1988-1998. Am J Epidemiol. 2002 Oct 1; 156(7):641-53.
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      285. Meng Q, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Strathdee SA, Nelson KE, Wu KC, Chen S, Tong W, Lai S. Coronary artery calcification, atherogenic lipid changes, and increased erythrocyte volume in black injection drug users infected with human immunodeficiency virus-1 treated with protease inhibitors. Am Heart J. 2002 Oct; 144(4):642-8.
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      286. Macalino GE, Celentano DD, Latkin C, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D. Risk behaviors by audio computer-assisted self-interviews among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative injection drug users. AIDS Educ Prev. 2002 Oct; 14(5):367-78.
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      287. Sterling TR, Hoover DR, Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Bartlett JG, Schupbach J. Heat-denatured human immunodeficiency virus type 1 protein 24 antigen: prognostic value in adults with early-stage disease. J Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 15; 186(8):1181-5.
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      288. Ompad DC, Fuller CM, Vlahov D, Thomas D, Strathdee SA. Lack of behavior change after disclosure of hepatitis C virus infection among young injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Oct 1; 35(7):783-8.
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      289. Galea S, Resnick H, Ahern J, Gold J, Bucuvalas M, Kilpatrick D, Stuber J, Vlahov D. Posttraumatic stress disorder in Manhattan, New York City, after the September 11th terrorist attacks. J Urban Health. 2002 Sep; 79(3):340-53.
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      290. Factor SH, Wu Y, Monserrate J, Edwards V, Cuevas Y, Del Vecchio S, Vlahov D. Drug use frequency among street-recruited heroin and cocaine users in Harlem and the Bronx before and after September 11, 2001. J Urban Health. 2002 Sep; 79(3):404-8.
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      291. Lai S, Lai H, Meng Q, Tong W, Vlahov D, Celentano D, Strathdee S, Nelson K, Fishman EK, Lima JA. Effect of cocaine use on coronary calcium among black adults in Baltimore, Maryland. Am J Cardiol. 2002 Aug 1; 90(3):326-8.
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      292. Galea S, Vlahov D, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D, Bucuvalas MJ, Morgan MD, Gold J. An investigation of the psychological effects of the September 11, 2001, attacks on New York City: developing and implementing research in the acute postdisaster period. CNS Spectr. 2002 Aug; 7(8):585-7, 593-6.
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      293. Downer MV, Hodge T, Smith DK, Qari SH, Schuman P, Mayer KH, Klein RS, Vlahov D, Gardner LI, McNicholl JM. Regional variation in CCR5-Delta32 gene distribution among women from the US HIV Epidemiology Research Study (HERS). Genes Immun. 2002 Aug; 3(5):295-8.
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      294. Martin MP, Gao X, Lee JH, Nelson GW, Detels R, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, Trowsdale J, Wilson M, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. Epistatic interaction between KIR3DS1 and HLA-B delays the progression to AIDS. Nat Genet. 2002 Aug; 31(4):429-34.
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      295. An P, Nelson GW, Wang L, Donfield S, Goedert JJ, Phair J, Vlahov D, Buchbinder S, Farrar WL, Modi W, O'Brien SJ, Winkler CA. Modulating influence on HIV/AIDS by interacting RANTES gene variants. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002 Jul 23; 99(15):10002-7.
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      296. Stuber J, Fairbrother G, Galea S, Pfefferbaum B, Wilson-Genderson M, Vlahov D. Determinants of counseling for children in Manhattan after the September 11 attacks. Psychiatr Serv. 2002 Jul; 53(7):815-22.
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      297. Meng Q, Lima JA, Lai H, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Strathdee S, Nelson KE, Tong W, Lai S. Use of HIV protease inhibitors is associated with left ventricular morphologic changes and diastolic dysfunction. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2002 Jul 1; 30(3):306-10.
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      312. Riley ED, Vlahov D, Huettner S, Beilenson P, Bonds M, Chaisson RE. Characteristics of injection drug users who utilize tuberculosis services at sites of the Baltimore city needle exchange program. J Urban Health. 2002 Mar; 79(1):113-27.
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      323. Comer JA, Diaz T, Vlahov D, Monterroso E, Childs JE. Evidence of rodent-associated Bartonella and Rickettsia infections among intravenous drug users from Central and East Harlem, New York City. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2001 Dec; 65(6):855-60.
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      328. Galea S, Factor SH, Bonner S, Foley M, Freudenberg N, Latka M, Palermo AG, Vlahov D. Collaboration among community members, local health service providers, and researchers in an urban research center in Harlem, New York. Public Health Rep. 2001 Nov-Dec; 116(6):530-9.
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      329. Sadaphal P, Astemborski J, Graham NM, Sheely L, Bonds M, Madison A, Vlahov D, Thomas DL, Sterling TR. Isoniazid preventive therapy, hepatitis C virus infection, and hepatotoxicity among injection drug users infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Nov 15; 33(10):1687-91.
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      338. Gao X, Nelson GW, Karacki P, Martin MP, Phair J, Kaslow R, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. Effect of a single amino acid change in MHC class I molecules on the rate of progression to AIDS. N Engl J Med. 2001 May 31; 344(22):1668-75.
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      359. Song JY, Safaeian M, Strathdee SA, Vlahov D, Celentano DD. The prevalence of homelessness among injection drug users with and without HIV infection. J Urban Health. 2000 Dec; 77(4):678-87.
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      361. An P, Martin MP, Nelson GW, Carrington M, Smith MW, Gong K, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Winkler CA. Influence of CCR5 promoter haplotypes on AIDS progression in African-Americans. AIDS. 2000 Sep 29; 14(14):2117-22.
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      391. Klein RS, Flanigan T, Schuman P, Smith D, Vlahov D. The effect of immunodeficiency on cutaneous delayed-type hypersensitivity testing in HIV-infected women without anergy: implications for tuberculin testing. HER Study Group. HIV Epidemiology Research. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 1999 Aug; 3(8):681-8.
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      394. van Ameijden EJ, Krol A, Vlahov D, Flynn C, van Haastrecht HJ, Coutinho RA. Pre-AIDS mortality and morbidity among injection drug users in Amsterdam and Baltimore: an ecological comparison. Subst Use Misuse. 1999 May; 34(6):845-65.
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      397. Thio CL, Carrington M, Marti D, O'Brien SJ, Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Astemborski J, Thomas DL. Class II HLA alleles and hepatitis B virus persistence in African Americans. J Infect Dis. 1999 Apr; 179(4):1004-6.
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      399. Krol A, Flynn C, Vlahov D, Miedema F, Coutinho RA, van Ameijden EJ. New evidence to reconcile in vitro and epidemiologic data on the possible role of heroin on CD4+ decline among HIV-infected injecting drug users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1999 Apr 1; 54(2):145-54.
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      400. Carrington M, Nelson GW, Martin MP, Kissner T, Vlahov D, Goedert JJ, Kaslow R, Buchbinder S, Hoots K, O'Brien SJ. HLA and HIV-1: heterozygote advantage and B*35-Cw*04 disadvantage. Science. 1999 Mar 12; 283(5408):1748-52.
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      401. Arpino C, Curatolo P, Stazi MA, Pellegri A, Vlahov D. Differing risk factors for cerebral palsy in the presence of mental retardation and epilepsy. J Child Neurol. 1999 Mar; 14(3):151-5.
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      402. Villano SA, Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Cohn S, Thomas DL. Persistence of viremia and the importance of long-term follow-up after acute hepatitis C infection. Hepatology. 1999 Mar; 29(3):908-14.
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      403. Carneiro M, Fuller C, Doherty MC, Vlahov D. HIV prevalence and risk behaviors among new initiates into injection drug use over the age of 40 years old. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1999 Mar 1; 54(1):83-6.
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      404. Pezzotti P, Galai N, Vlahov D, Rezza G, Lyles CM, Astemborski J. Direct comparison of time to AIDS and infectious disease death between HIV seroconverter injection drug users in Italy and the United States: results from the ALIVE and ISS studies. AIDS Link to Intravenous Experiences. Italian Seroconversion Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1999 Mar 1; 20(3):275-82.
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      405. Gershon RR, Karkashian CD, Vlahov D, Kummer L, Kasting C, Green-McKenzie J, Escamilla-Cejudo JA, Kendig N, Swetz A, Martin L. Compliance with universal precautions in correctional health care facilities. J Occup Environ Med. 1999 Mar; 41(3):181-9.
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      406. Lyles CM, Graham NM, Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Margolick JB, Saah AJ, Farzadegan H. Cell-associated infectious HIV-1 viral load as a predictor of clinical progression and survival among HIV-1 infected injection drug users and homosexual men. Eur J Epidemiol. 1999 Feb; 15(2):99-108.
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      407. Inglesby TV, Rai R, Astemborski J, Gruskin L, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Thomas DL. A prospective, community-based evaluation of liver enzymes in individuals with hepatitis C after drug use. Hepatology. 1999 Feb; 29(2):590-6.
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      408. Klein RS, Flanigan T, Schuman P, Smith D, Vlahov D. Criteria for assessing cutaneous anergy in women with or at risk for HIV infection. HIV Epidemiologic Research Study Group. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 Jan; 103(1 Pt 1):93-8.
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      409. Arpino C, Carrieri MP, Valesini G, Pizzigallo E, Rovere P, Tirelli U, Conti F, Dialmi P, Barberio A, Rusconi N, Bosco O, Lazzarin A, Saracco A, Moro ML, Vlahov D. Idiopathic chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome: a comparison of two case-definitions. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 1999; 35(3):435-41.
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      410. Carrieri MP, Moatti JP, Vlahov D, Obadia Y, Reynaud-Maurupt C, Chesney M. Access to antiretroviral treatment among French HIV infected injection drug users: the influence of continued drug use. MANIF 2000 Study Group. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1999 Jan; 53(1):4-8.
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      411. Junge B, Vlahov D, Riley E, Huettner S, Brown M, Beilenson P. Pharmacy access to sterile syringes for injection drug users: attitudes of participants in a syringe exchange program. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 1999 Jan-Feb; 39(1):17-22.
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      412. Martin MP, Dean M, Smith MW, Winkler C, Gerrard B, Michael NL, Lee B, Doms RW, Margolick J, Buchbinder S, Goedert JJ, O'Brien TR, Hilgartner MW, Vlahov D, O'Brien SJ, Carrington M. Genetic acceleration of AIDS progression by a promoter variant of CCR5. Science. 1998 Dec 4; 282(5395):1907-11.
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      413. Lyles CM, Vlahov D, Farzadegan H, Astemborski J, Margolick JB, Masters BA, Schroeder J, Quinn TC. Comparison of two measures of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 load in HIV risk groups. J Clin Microbiol. 1998 Dec; 36(12):3647-52.
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      414. Bishai WR, Graham NM, Harrington S, Pope DS, Hooper N, Astemborski J, Sheely L, Vlahov D, Glass GE, Chaisson RE. Molecular and geographic patterns of tuberculosis transmission after 15 years of directly observed therapy. JAMA. 1998 Nov 18; 280(19):1679-84.
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      415. Farzadegan H, Hoover DR, Astemborski J, Lyles CM, Margolick JB, Markham RB, Quinn TC, Vlahov D. Sex differences in HIV-1 viral load and progression to AIDS. Lancet. 1998 Nov 7; 352(9139):1510-4.
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      416. Wang Z, Lyles CM, Beyrer C, Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Natpratan C, Markham R, Khamboonruang C, Nelson K, Yu XF. Diversification of subtype E human immunodeficiency virus type 1 env in heterosexual seroconverters from Northern Thailand. J Infect Dis. 1998 Nov; 178(5):1507-11.
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      417. Markham RB, Wang WC, Weisstein AE, Wang Z, Munoz A, Templeton A, Margolick J, Vlahov D, Quinn T, Farzadegan H, Yu XF. Patterns of HIV-1 evolution in individuals with differing rates of CD4 T cell decline. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Oct 13; 95(21):12568-73.
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      418. Sterling TR, Moore RD, Graham NM, Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Chaisson RE. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease are not associated with protection against subsequent disseminated M. avium complex disease. AIDS. 1998 Aug 20; 12(12):1451-7.
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      419. Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Cohn S, Shadle VM, Obasanjo O, Moore RD. Self-reported antiretroviral therapy in injection drug users. JAMA. 1998 Aug 12; 280(6):544-6.
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      420. Zhang H, Flynn C, Nelson KE, Chen W, Kawalski R, Vlahov D. HIV/HTLV-II coinfection and CD4+ cell count controlling for plasma HIV viral load in injection drug users in Baltimore. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998 Aug 1; 18(4):397-8.
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      421. Latkin CA, Vlahov D. Socially desirable response tendency as a correlate of accuracy of self-reported HIV serostatus for HIV seropositive injection drug users. Addiction. 1998 Aug; 93(8):1191-7.
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      422. Yu XF, Wang Z, Vlahov D, Markham RB, Farzadegan H, Margolick JB. Infection with dual-tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variants associated with rapid total T cell decline and disease progression in injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 1998 Aug; 178(2):388-96.
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      423. Valente TW, Foreman RK, Junge B, Vlahov D. Satellite exchange in the Baltimore Needle Exchange Program. Public Health Rep. 1998 Jun; 113 Suppl 1:90-6.
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      424. Brooner R, Kidorf M, King V, Beilenson P, Svikis D, Vlahov D. Drug abuse treatment success among needle exchange participants. Public Health Rep. 1998 Jun; 113 Suppl 1:129-39.
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      425. Latkin CA, Mandell W, Knowlton AR, Doherty MC, Vlahov D, Suh T, Celentano DD. Gender differences in injection-related behaviors among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. AIDS Educ Prev. 1998 Jun; 10(3):257-63.
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      426. Vlahov D, Junge B. The role of needle exchange programs in HIV prevention. Public Health Rep. 1998 Jun; 113 Suppl 1:75-80.
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      427. Gershon RR, Vlahov D, Escamilla-Cejudo JA, Badawi M, McDiarmid M, Karkashian C, Grimes M, Comstock GW. Tuberculosis risk in funeral home employees. J Occup Environ Med. 1998 May; 40(5):497-503.
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      428. Donahoe RM, Vlahov D. Opiates as potential cofactors in progression of HIV-1 infections to AIDS. J Neuroimmunol. 1998 Mar 15; 83(1-2):77-87.
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      429. Semba RD, Lyles CM, Margolick JB, Caiaffa WT, Farzadegan H, Cohn S, Vlahov D. Vitamin A supplementation and human immunodeficiency virus load in injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 1998 Mar; 177(3):611-6.
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      430. Thomas DL, Vlahov D, Alter HJ, Hunt JC, Marshall R, Astemborski J, Nelson KE. Association of antibody to GB virus C (hepatitis G virus) with viral clearance and protection from reinfection. J Infect Dis. 1998 Mar; 177(3):539-42.
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      431. Gershon RR, Karkashian C, Vlahov D, Grimes M, Spannhake E. Correlates of infection control practices in dentistry. Am J Infect Control. 1998 Feb; 26(1):29-34.
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      432. Winkler C, Modi W, Smith MW, Nelson GW, Wu X, Carrington M, Dean M, Honjo T, Tashiro K, Yabe D, Buchbinder S, Vittinghoff E, Goedert JJ, O'Brien TR, Jacobson LP, Detels R, Donfield S, Willoughby A, Gomperts E, Vlahov D, Phair J, O'Brien SJ. Genetic restriction of AIDS pathogenesis by an SDF-1 chemokine gene variant. ALIVE Study, Hemophilia Growth and Development Study (HGDS), Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort Study (MHCS), San Francisco City Cohort (SFCC) Science. 1998 Jan 16; 279(5349):389-93.
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      433. Vlahov D, Graham N, Hoover D, Flynn C, Bartlett JG, Margolick JB, Lyles CM, Nelson KE, Smith D, Holmberg S, Farzadegan H. Prognostic indicators for AIDS and infectious disease death in HIV-infected injection drug users: plasma viral load and CD4+ cell count. JAMA. 1998 Jan 7; 279(1):35-40.
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      434. Strathdee SA, van Ameijden EJ, Mesquita F, Wodak A, Rana S, Vlahov D. Can HIV epidemics among injection drug users be prevented? AIDS. 1998; 12 Suppl A:S71-9.
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      435. Jones TS, Vlahov D. Use of sterile syringes and aseptic drug preparation are important components of HIV prevention among injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S1-5.
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      436. Garfein RS, Doherty MC, Monterroso ER, Thomas DL, Nelson KE, Vlahov D. Prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C virus infection among young adult injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S11-9.
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      437. Keyl PM, Gruskin L, Casano K, Montag H, Junge B, Vlahov D. Community support for needle exchange programs and pharmacy sale of syringes: a household survey in Baltimore, Maryland. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S82-8.
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      438. Macalino GE, Springer KW, Rahman ZS, Vlahov D, Jones TS. Community-based programs for safe disposal of used needles and syringes. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S111-9.
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      439. Gleghorn AA, Gee G, Vlahov D. Pharmacists' attitudes about pharmacy sale of needles/syringes and needle exchange programs in a city without needle/syringe prescription laws. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S89-93.
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      440. Riley E, Beilenson P, Vlahov D, Smith L, Koenig M, Jones TS, Doherty M. Operation Red Box: a pilot project of needle and syringe drop boxes for injection drug users in East Baltimore. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S120-5.
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      441. Holtgrave DR, Pinkerton SD, Jones TS, Lurie P, Vlahov D. Cost and cost-effectiveness of increasing access to sterile syringes and needles as an HIV prevention intervention in the United States. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1998; 18 Suppl 1:S133-8.
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      442. Vlahov D, Junge B, Brookmeyer R, Cohn S, Riley E, Armenian H, Beilenson P. Reductions in high-risk drug use behaviors among participants in the Baltimore needle exchange program. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Dec 15; 16(5):400-6.
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      443. Villano SA, Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Lyles CM, Cohn S, Thomas DL. Incidence and risk factors for hepatitis C among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Dec; 35(12):3274-7.
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      444. Erbelding EJ, Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Rompalo AM, Cohn S, Sanchez P, Quinn TC, Brathwaite W, Thomas DL. Syphilis serology in human immunodeficiency virus infection: evidence for false-negative fluorescent treponemal testing. J Infect Dis. 1997 Nov; 176(5):1397-400.
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      445. Alcabes P, Pezzotti P, Phillips AN, Rezza G, Vlahov D. Long-term perspective on the prevalent-cohort biases in studies of human immunodeficiency virus progression. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Oct 1; 146(7):543-51.
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      446. Smith DK, Warren DL, Vlahov D, Schuman P, Stein MD, Greenberg BL, Holmberg SD. Design and baseline participant characteristics of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Epidemiology Research (HER) Study: a prospective cohort study of human immunodeficiency virus infection in US women. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Sep 15; 146(6):459-69.
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      447. Saah AJ, Spruill C, Hoover DR, Prevots R, Taylor E, Margolick JB, Vlahov D. Helper T-lymphocyte count. TRAx CD4 test kit versus conventional flow cytometry. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1997 Sep; 121(9):960-2.
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      448. Villano SA, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Purcell RH, Saah AJ, Thomas DL. Hepatitis A among homosexual men and injection drug users: more evidence for vaccination. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Sep; 25(3):726-8.
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      449. Thomas DL, Nakatsuji Y, Shih JW, Alter HJ, Nelson KE, Astemborski JA, Lyles CM, Vlahov D. Persistence and clinical significance of hepatitis G virus infections in injecting drug users. J Infect Dis. 1997 Sep; 176(3):586-92.
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      450. Smith MW, Dean M, Carrington M, Winkler C, Huttley GA, Lomb DA, Goedert JJ, O'Brien TR, Jacobson LP, Kaslow R, Buchbinder S, Vittinghoff E, Vlahov D, Hoots K, Hilgartner MW, O'Brien SJ. Contrasting genetic influence of CCR2 and CCR5 variants on HIV-1 infection and disease progression. Hemophilia Growth and Development Study (HGDS), Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort Study (MHCS), San Francisco City Cohort (SFCC), ALIVE Study. Science. 1997 Aug 15; 277(5328):959-65.
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      451. Lyles CM, Margolick JB, Astemborski J, Graham NM, Anthony JC, Hoover DR, Vlahov D. The influence of drug use patterns on the rate of CD4+ lymphocyte decline among HIV-1-infected injecting drug users. AIDS. 1997 Aug; 11(10):1255-62.
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      452. Converse PJ, Jones SL, Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Graham NM. Comparison of a tuberculin interferon-gamma assay with the tuberculin skin test in high-risk adults: effect of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Infect Dis. 1997 Jul; 176(1):144-50.
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      453. Rezza G, Galai N, Pezzotti P, Vlahov D, Graham NM, Viale P, Angarano G. Markers of response to zidovudine monotherapy among treated HIV seroconverters. Italian Seroconversion Study. Antivir Ther. 1997 Jul; 2(3):167-74.
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      454. Guimarães MD, Vlahov D, Castilho EA. Postcoital vaginal bleeding as a risk factor for transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus in a heterosexual partner study in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro Heterosexual Study Group. Arch Intern Med. 1997 Jun 23; 157(12):1362-8.
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      455. Thomas DL, Yarbough PO, Vlahov D, Tsarev SA, Nelson KE, Saah AJ, Purcell RH. Seroreactivity to hepatitis E virus in areas where the disease is not endemic. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 May; 35(5):1244-7.
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      456. Doherty MC, Garfein RS, Vlahov D, Junge B, Rathouz PJ, Galai N, Anthony JC, Beilenson P. Discarded needles do not increase soon after the opening of a needle exchange program. Am J Epidemiol. 1997 Apr 15; 145(8):730-7.
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      457. McQuillan GM, Khare M, Karon JM, Schable CA, Vlahov D. Update on the seroepidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus in the United States household population: NHANES III, 1988-1994. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1997 Apr 1; 14(4):355-60.
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      458. Muga R, Roca J, Tor J, Pigem C, Rodriguez R, Egea JM, Vlahov D, Muñoz A. Syphilis in injecting drug users: clues for high-risk sexual behaviour in female IDUs. Int J STD AIDS. 1997 Apr; 8(4):225-8.
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      459. Des Jarlais DC, Friedman SR, Hagan H, Paone D, Vlahov D. Drug use. Vancouver Conference Review. AIDS Care. 1997 Feb; 9(1):53-7.
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      460. Shah KV, Solomon L, Daniel R, Cohn S, Vlahov D. Comparison of PCR and hybrid capture methods for detection of human papillomavirus in injection drug-using women at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Feb; 35(2):517-9.
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      461. Galai N, Kalinkovich A, Burstein R, Vlahov D, Bentwich Z. African HIV-1 subtype C and rate of progression among Ethiopian immigrants in Israel. Lancet. 1997 Jan 18; 349(9046):180-1.
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      462. Concha M, Selnes OA, Vlahov D, Nance-Sproson T, Updike M, Royal W, Palenicek J, McArthur JC. Comparison of neuropsychological performance between AIDS-free injecting drug users and homosexual men. Neuroepidemiology. 1997; 16(2):78-85.
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      463. Semba RD, Farzadegan H, Vlahov D. Vitamin A levels and human immunodeficiency virus load in injection drug users. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1997 Jan; 4(1):93-5.
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      464. Selnes OA, Galai N, McArthur JC, Cohn S, Royal W, Esposito D, Vlahov D. HIV infection and cognition in intravenous drug users: long-term follow-up. Neurology. 1997 Jan; 48(1):223-30.
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      465. Rezza G, Pizzuti R, De Campora E, De Masi S, Vlahov D. Tetanus and injections drug use: rediscovery of a neglected problem? Eur J Epidemiol. 1996 Dec; 12(6):655-6.
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      466. Comer JA, Flynn C, Regnery RL, Vlahov D, Childs JE. Antibodies to Bartonella species in inner-city intravenous drug users in Baltimore, Md. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Nov 25; 156(21):2491-5.
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      467. Latkin C, Mandell W, Vlahov D, Oziemkowska M, Celentano D. People and places: behavioral settings and personal network characteristics as correlates of needle sharing. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996 Nov 1; 13(3):273-80.
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      468. Latkin CA, Mandell W, Vlahov D. The relationship between risk networks' patterns of crack cocaine and alcohol consumption and HIV-related sexual behaviors among adult injection drug users: a prospective study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1996 Nov; 42(3):175-81.
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      469. Solomon L, Moore J, Gleghorn A, Astemborski J, Vlahov D. HIV testing behaviors in a population of inner-city women at high risk for HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1996 Nov 1; 13(3):267-72.
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      470. Manoff SB, Vlahov D, Herskowitz A, Solomon L, Muñoz A, Cohn S, Willoughby SB, Nelson KE. Human immunodeficiency virus infection and infective endocarditis among injecting drug users. Epidemiology. 1996 Nov; 7(6):566-70.
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      471. Thomas DL, Shih JW, Alter HJ, Vlahov D, Cohn S, Hoover DR, Cheung L, Nelson KE. Effect of human immunodeficiency virus on hepatitis C virus infection among injecting drug users. J Infect Dis. 1996 Oct; 174(4):690-5.
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      472. Markham RB, Schwartz DH, Templeton A, Margolick JB, Farzadegan H, Vlahov D, Yu XF. Selective transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variants to SCID mice reconstituted with human peripheral blood monoclonal cells. J Virol. 1996 Oct; 70(10):6947-54.
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      473. Dean M, Carrington M, Winkler C, Huttley GA, Smith MW, Allikmets R, Goedert JJ, Buchbinder SP, Vittinghoff E, Gomperts E, Donfield S, Vlahov D, Kaslow R, Saah A, Rinaldo C, Detels R, O'Brien SJ. Genetic restriction of HIV-1 infection and progression to AIDS by a deletion allele of the CKR5 structural gene. Hemophilia Growth and Development Study, Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, Multicenter Hemophilia Cohort Study, San Francisco City Cohort, ALIVE Study. Science. 1996 Sep 27; 273(5283):1856-62.
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      474. Pezzotti P, Phillips AN, Dorrucci M, Lepri AC, Galai N, Vlahov D, Rezza G. Category of exposure to HIV and age in the progression to AIDS: longitudinal study of 1199 people with known dates of seroconversion. HIV Italian Seroconversion Study Group. BMJ. 1996 Sep 7; 313(7057):583-6.
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      475. Lukashov VV, Kuiken CL, Vlahov D, Coutinho RA, Goudsmit J. Evidence for HIV type 1 strains of U.S. intravenous drug users as founders of AIDS epidemic among intravenous drug users in northern Europe. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1996 Aug 10; 12(12):1179-83.
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      476. Hershow RC, Galai N, Fukuda K, Graber J, Vlahov D, Rezza G, Klein RS, Des Jarlais DC, Vitek C, Khabbaz R, Freels S, Zuckerman R, Pezzotti P, Kaplan JE. An international collaborative study of the effects of coinfection with human T-lymphotropic virus type II on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 disease progression in injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 1996 Aug; 174(2):309-17.
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      477. Manoff SB, Farzadegan H, Muñoz A, Astemborski JA, Vlahov D, Rizzo RT, Solomon L, Graham NM. The effect of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression and HIV RNA load among injecting drug users. J Infect Dis. 1996 Aug; 174(2):299-308.
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      478. Goletti D, Weissman D, Jackson RW, Graham NM, Vlahov D, Klein RS, Munsiff SS, Ortona L, Cauda R, Fauci AS. Effect of Mycobacterium tuberculosis on HIV replication. Role of immune activation. J Immunol. 1996 Aug 1; 157(3):1271-8.
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      479. Smit E, Graham NM, Tang A, Flynn C, Solomon L, Vlahov D. Dietary intake of community-based HIV-1 seropositive and seronegative injecting drug users. Nutrition. 1996 Jul-Aug; 12(7-8):496-501.
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      480. Latkin CA, Mandell W, Vlahov D, Oziemkowska M, Celentano DD. The long-term outcome of a personal network-oriented HIV prevention intervention for injection drug users: the SAFE Study. Am J Community Psychol. 1996 Jun; 24(3):341-64.
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      481. Galai N, Margolick JB, Astemborski J, Vlahov D. Existence and failure of T-cell homeostasis prior to AIDS onset in HIV-infected injection drug users. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 May; 79(2):134-41.
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      482. Garfein RS, Vlahov D, Galai N, Doherty MC, Nelson KE. Viral infections in short-term injection drug users: the prevalence of the hepatitis C, hepatitis B, human immunodeficiency, and human T-lymphotropic viruses. Am J Public Health. 1996 May; 86(5):655-61.
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      483. Graham NM, Galai N, Nelson KE, Astemborski J, Bonds M, Rizzo RT, Sheeley L, Vlahov D. Effect of isoniazid chemoprophylaxis on HIV-related mycobacterial disease. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Apr 22; 156(8):889-94.
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      486. Zwahlen M, Vlahov D, Hoover DR. Re: "Determinants of HIV disease progression among homosexual men registered in the Tricontinental Seroconverter Study" and "Progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection among homosexual men in hepatitis B vaccine trial cohorts in Amsterdam, New York City, and San Francisco, 1978-1991". Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Mar 1; 143(5):523-5; author reply 525-6.
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      487. Levine OS, Vlahov D, Brookmeyer R, Cohn S, Nelson KE. Differences in the incidence of hepatitis B and human immunodeficiency virus infections among injecting drug users. J Infect Dis. 1996 Mar; 173(3):579-83.
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      488. Galai N, Lepri AC, Vlahov D, Pezzotti P, Sinicco A, Rezza G. Temporal trends of initial CD4 cell counts following human immunodeficiency virus seroconversion in Italy, 1985-1992. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Italian Seroconversion Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1996 Feb 1; 143(3):278-82.
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      489. Herskowitz A, Willoughby SB, Vlahov D, Baughman KL, Ansari AA. Dilated heart muscle disease associated with HIV infection. Eur Heart J. 1995 Dec; 16 Suppl O:50-5.
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      490. Harrison K, Vlahov D, Jones K, Charron K, Clements ML. Medical eligibility, comprehension of the consent process, and retention of injection drug users recruited for an HIV vaccine trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Nov 1; 10(3):386-90.
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      491. Caiaffa WT, Graham NM, Galai N, Rizzo RT, Nelson KE, Vlahov D. Instability of delayed-type hypersensitivity skin test anergy in human immunodeficiency virus infection. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Oct 23; 155(19):2111-7.
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      492. Serpelloni G, Vlahov D, Mazzi M, Rezza G. Interest in HIV vaccines among Italian injection drug users. The Network Interregionale SERT. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Oct 1; 10(2):206-7.
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      493. Vlahov D. Deregulation of the sale and possession of syringes for HIV prevention among injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Sep 1; 10(1):71-2.
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      494. Gleghorn AA, Jones TS, Doherty MC, Celentano DD, Vlahov D. Acquisition and use of needles and syringes by injecting drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Sep 1; 10(1):97-103.
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      495. Gershon RR, Vlahov D, Felknor SA, Vesley D, Johnson PC, Delclos GL, Murphy LR. Compliance with universal precautions among health care workers at three regional hospitals. Am J Infect Control. 1995 Aug; 23(4):225-36.
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      496. Levine OS, Vlahov D, Koehler J, Cohn S, Spronk AM, Nelson KE. Seroepidemiology of hepatitis B virus in a population of injecting drug users. Association with drug injection patterns. Am J Epidemiol. 1995 Aug 1; 142(3):331-41.
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      497. Holmberg SD, Conley LJ, Luby SP, Cohn S, Wong LC, Vlahov D. Recent infection with human immunodeficiency virus and possible rapid loss of CD4 T lymphocytes. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Jul 1; 9(3):291-6.
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      498. Thomas DL, Vlahov D, Solomon L, Cohn S, Taylor E, Garfein R, Nelson KE. Correlates of hepatitis C virus infections among injection drug users. Medicine (Baltimore). 1995 Jul; 74(4):212-20.
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      499. Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Solomon L, Cohn S, Muñoz A. Temporal trends of incident human immunodeficiency virus infection in a cohort of injecting drug users in Baltimore, Md. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Jun 26; 155(12):1305-11.
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      500. Dorrucci M, Rezza G, Vlahov D, Pezzotti P, Sinicco A, Nicolosi A, Lazzarin A, Galai N, Gafà S, Pristerà R, et al. Clinical characteristics and prognostic value of acute retroviral syndrome among injecting drug users. Italian Seroconversion Study. AIDS. 1995 Jun; 9(6):597-604.
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      501. Concha M, Selnes OA, McArthur JC, Nance-Sproson T, Updike ML, Royal W, Solomon L, Vlahov D. Normative data for a brief neuropsychologic test battery in a cohort of injecting drug users. Int J Addict. 1995 May; 30(7):823-41.
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      502. Vlahov D, Khabbaz RF, Cohn S, Galai N, Taylor E, Kaplan JE. Incidence and risk factors for human T-lymphotropic virus type II seroconversion among injecting drug users in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 May 1; 9(1):89-96.
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      503. Semba RD, Caiaffa WT, Graham NM, Cohn S, Vlahov D. Vitamin A deficiency and wasting as predictors of mortality in human immunodeficiency virus-infected injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 1995 May; 171(5):1196-202.
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      504. Gershon RR, Vlahov D, Farzadegan H, Alter MJ. Occupational risk of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus infections among funeral service practitioners in Maryland. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1995 Apr; 16(4):194-7.
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      505. Latkin C, Mandell W, Oziemkowska M, Celentano D, Vlahov D, Ensminger M, Knowlton A. Using social network analysis to study patterns of drug use among urban drug users at high risk for HIV/AIDS. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1995 Apr; 38(1):1-9.
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      506. Künzi MS, Farzadegan H, Margolick JB, Vlahov D, Pitha PM. Identification of human immunodeficiency virus primary isolates resistant to interferon-alpha and correlation of prevalence to disease progression. J Infect Dis. 1995 Apr; 171(4):822-8.
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      507. Markham RB, Yu X, Farzadegan H, Ray SC, Vlahov D. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 env and p17gag sequence variation in polymerase chain reaction-positive, seronegative injection drug users. J Infect Dis. 1995 Apr; 171(4):797-804.
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      508. Sorkin JD, Bolton PA, Greenblatt J, Sithisarankul P, Vlahov D, Graham NM. Age, gender, and other predictors of the wasting syndrome among HIV-1-infected injecting drug users. Epidemiology. 1995 Mar; 6(2):172-7.
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      509. Galai N, Vlahov D, Margolick JB, Chen K, Graham NM, Muñoz A. Changes in markers of disease progression in HIV-1 seroconverters: a comparison between cohorts of injecting drug users and homosexual men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol. 1995 Jan 1; 8(1):66-74.
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      510. Roca J, Vlahov D, Borrell C, Jansa JM, Brugal T, Yazbeck H, Muñoz A. Geographic variation in HIV infection among injecting drug users with Barcelona. Int J Addict. 1995 Jan; 30(2):219-29.
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      511. Gershon RR, Vlahov D, Kelen G, Conrad B, Murphy L. Review of accidents/injuries among emergency medical services workers in Baltimore, Maryland. Prehosp Disaster Med. 1995 Jan-Mar; 10(1):14-8.
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      512. Kline RL, Vlahov D, Quinn TC. Improved detection of HTLV-II antibody using a whole viral lysate-based EIA. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Dec; 7(12):1291-2.
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      513. Caiaffa WT, Vlahov D, Graham NM, Astemborski J, Solomon L, Nelson KE, Muñoz A. Drug smoking, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, and immunosuppression increase risk of bacterial pneumonia in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive injection drug users. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Dec; 150(6 Pt 1):1493-8.
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      514. Khabbaz RF, Ksiazek TG, Caiaffa WT, Rollin PE, Taylor E, Vlahov D. Seoul hantavirus seropositivity among injecting drug users in Baltimore. J Infect Dis. 1994 Dec; 170(6):1636-7.
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      515. Vlahov D, Brookmeyer RS. The evaluation of needle exchange programs. Am J Public Health. 1994 Dec; 84(12):1889-91.
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      516. Kendig N, Stough T, Austin P, Kummer L, Swetz A, Vlahov D. Profile of HIV seropositive inmates diagnosed in Maryland's state correctional system. Public Health Rep. 1994 Nov-Dec; 109(6):756-60.
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      517. McMillian T, Dorsey E, Beilenson P, Vlahov D. A community-based Needle Clean-Up Project. Am J Public Health. 1994 Nov; 84(11):1854.
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      518. Celentano DD, Muñoz A, Cohn S, Nelson KE, Vlahov D. Drug-related behavior change for HIV transmission among American injection drug users. Addiction. 1994 Oct; 89(10):1309-17.
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      519. Gershon RR, Curbow B, Kelen G, Celantano D, Lears K, Vlahov D. Correlates of attitudes concerning human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among hospital workers. Am J Infect Control. 1994 Oct; 22(5):293-9.
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      520. Herskowitz A, Wu TC, Willoughby SB, Vlahov D, Ansari AA, Beschorner WE, Baughman KL. Myocarditis and cardiotropic viral infection associated with severe left ventricular dysfunction in late-stage infection with human immunodeficiency virus. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1994 Oct; 24(4):1025-32.
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      521. Schütz CG, Rapiti E, Vlahov D, Anthony JC. Suspected determinants of enrollment into detoxification and methadone maintenance treatment among injecting drug users. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1994 Oct; 36(2):129-38.
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      522. Chilcoat HD, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Anthony JC. Low power? Use two-dimensional confidence regions as a graphical method for depicting uncertainty. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1994 Aug; 36(1):39-48.
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      523. Aylward RB, Vlahov D, Muñoz A, Rapiti E. Validation of the proposed World Health Organization staging system for disease and infection in a cohort of intravenous drug users. AIDS. 1994 Aug; 8(8):1129-33.
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      524. Vlahov D, Astemborski J, Solomon L, Nelson KE. Field effectiveness of needle disinfection among injecting drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Jul; 7(7):760-6.
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      525. Gleghorn AA, Doherty MC, Vlahov D, Celentano DD, Jones TS. Inadequate bleach contact times during syringe cleaning among injection drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Jul; 7(7):767-72.
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      526. Latkin C, Mandell W, Vlahov D, Oziemkowska M, Knowlton A, Celentano D. My place, your place, and no place: behavior settings as a risk factor for HIV-related injection practices of drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Am J Community Psychol. 1994 Jun; 22(3):415-30.
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      527. Mandell W, Vlahov D, Latkin C, Oziemkowska M, Cohn S. Correlates of needle sharing among injection drug users. Am J Public Health. 1994 Jun; 84(6):920-3.
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      528. Vlahov D, Muñoz A, Solomon L, Astemborski J, Lindsay A, Anderson J, Galai N, Nelson KE. Comparison of clinical manifestations of HIV infection between male and female injecting drug users. AIDS. 1994 Jun; 8(6):819-23.
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      529. Behrendt C, Kendig N, Dambita C, Horman J, Lawlor J, Vlahov D. Voluntary testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in a prison population with a high prevalence of HIV. Am J Epidemiol. 1994 May 1; 139(9):918-26.
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      530. Latkin C, Mandell W, Oziemkowska M, Vlahov D, Celentano D. The relationships between sexual behavior, alcohol use, and personal network characteristics among injecting drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Sex Transm Dis. 1994 May-Jun; 21(3):161-7.
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      531. Margolick JB, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Astemborski J, Solomon L, He XY, Nelson KE, Saah AJ. Direct comparison of the relationship between clinical outcome and change in CD4+ lymphocytes in human immunodeficiency virus-positive homosexual men and injecting drug users. Arch Intern Med. 1994 Apr 25; 154(8):869-75.
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      532. Beekmann SE, Vlahov D, Koziol DE, McShalley ED, Schmitt JM, Henderson DK. Temporal association between implementation of universal precautions and a sustained, progressive decrease in percutaneous exposures to blood. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Apr; 18(4):562-9.
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      533. Zaccarelli M, Gattari P, Rezza G, Conti S, Spizzichino L, Vlahov D, Ippolito G, Lelli V, Valenzi C. Impact of HIV infection on non-AIDS mortality among Italian injecting drug users. AIDS. 1994 Mar; 8(3):345-50.
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      534. Astemborski J, Vlahov D, Warren D, Solomon L, Nelson KE. The trading of sex for drugs or money and HIV seropositivity among female intravenous drug users. Am J Public Health. 1994 Mar; 84(3):382-7.
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      535. Schütz CG, Vlahov D, Anthony JC, Graham NM. Comparison of self-reported injection frequencies for past 30 days and 6 months among intravenous drug users. J Clin Epidemiol. 1994 Feb; 47(2):191-5.
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      536. Vlahov D. HIV seroconversion studies among intravenous drug users. AIDS. 1994 Feb; 8(2):263-5.
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      537. Vlahov D, Ryan C, Solomon L, Cohn S, Holt MR, Akhter MN. A pilot syringe exchange program in Washington, DC. Am J Public Health. 1994 Feb; 84(2):303-4.
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      538. Levine OS, Vlahov D, Nelson KE. Epidemiology of hepatitis B virus infections among injecting drug users: seroprevalence, risk factors, and viral interactions. Epidemiol Rev. 1994; 16(2):418-36.
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      539. Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Galai N, Astemborski J, Solomon L. Preparations for AIDS vaccine trials. Incident human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in a cohort of injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994; 10 Suppl 2:S201-5.
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      540. Alcabes P, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Friedland G. Maturity of human immunodeficiency virus infection and incubation period of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in injecting drug users. Ann Epidemiol. 1994 Jan; 4(1):17-26.
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      541. Vlahov D. HIV vaccines for injection drug users in the context of a comprehensive prevention agenda. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994; 10 Suppl 2:S3-6.
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      542. Caiaffa WT, Vlahov D, Antunes CM, de Oliveira HR, Diniz CR. Snake bite and antivenom complications in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994 Jan-Feb; 88(1):81-5.
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      543. Vlahov D, Astemborski J, Solomon L, Galai N, Basarab L, Nelson KE. Interest in HIV vaccines among injection drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1994; 10 Suppl 2:S265-8.
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      544. Caiaffa WT, Graham NM, Vlahov D. Bacterial pneumonia in adult populations with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 Dec 1; 138(11):909-22.
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      545. Semba RD, Graham NM, Caiaffa WT, Margolick JB, Clement L, Vlahov D. Increased mortality associated with vitamin A deficiency during human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Arch Intern Med. 1993 Sep 27; 153(18):2149-54.
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      546. Watters JK, Jones TS, Shapshak P, McCoy CB, Flynn N, Gleghorn A, Vlahov D. Household bleach as disinfectant for use by injecting drug users. Lancet. 1993 Sep 18; 342(8873):742-3.
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      547. Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Quinn TC, Kendig N. Prevalence and incidence of hepatitis C virus infection among male prison inmates in Maryland. Eur J Epidemiol. 1993 Sep; 9(5):566-9.
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      548. Palenicek J, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Galai N, Cohn S, Saah AJ. Comparison of clinical symptoms of human immunodeficiency virus disease between intravenous drug users and homosexual men. Arch Intern Med. 1993 Aug 9; 153(15):1806-12.
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      549. Farzadegan H, Vlahov D, Solomon L, Muñoz A, Astemborski J, Taylor E, Burnley A, Nelson KE. Detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection by polymerase chain reaction in a cohort of seronegative intravenous drug users. J Infect Dis. 1993 Aug; 168(2):327-31.
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      550. Jason J, Solomon L, Celentano DD, Vlahov D. Potential use of mass media to reach urban intravenous drug users with AIDS prevention messages. Int J Addict. 1993 Jul; 28(9):837-51.
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      551. Solomon L, Astemborski J, Warren D, Muñoz A, Cohn S, Vlahov D, Nelson KE. Differences in risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion among male and female intravenous drug users. Am J Epidemiol. 1993 Apr 15; 137(8):892-8.
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      552. Herskowitz A, Vlahov D, Willoughby S, Chaisson RE, Schulman SP, Neumann DA, Baughman KL. Prevalence and incidence of left ventricular dysfunction in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Am J Cardiol. 1993 Apr 15; 71(11):955-8.
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      553. Latkin CA, Vlahov D, Anthony JC. Socially desirable responding and self-reported HIV infection risk behaviors among intravenous drug users. Addiction. 1993 Apr; 88(4):517-26.
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      554. Strickler HD, Blanchard JF, Vlahov D, Taylor E, Muñoz A, Nelson KE, Margolick JB. Elevated serum levels of neopterin but not beta 2-microglobulin in HIV-1-seronegative injecting drug users. AIDS. 1993 Mar; 7(3):361-7.
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      555. Willoughby SB, Vlahov D, Herskowitz A. Frequency of left ventricular dysfunction and other echocardiographic abnormalities in human immunodeficiency virus seronegative intravenous drug users. Am J Cardiol. 1993 Feb 15; 71(5):446-7.
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      556. Alcabes P, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Friedland GH. Incubation period of human immunodeficiency virus. Epidemiol Rev. 1993; 15(2):303-18.
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      557. Concha M, Graham NM, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Royal W, Updike M, Nance-Sproson T, Selnes OA, McArthur JC. Effect of chronic substance abuse on the neuropsychological performance of intravenous drug users with a high prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Dec 1; 136(11):1338-48.
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      558. Galai N, Graham N, Chaisson R, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Lewis J. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. N Engl J Med. 1992 Oct 15; 327(16):1172-3; author reply 1174.
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      559. Selnes OA, McArthur JC, Royal W, Updike ML, Nance-Sproson T, Concha M, Gordon B, Solomon L, Vlahov D. HIV-1 infection and intravenous drug use: longitudinal neuropsychological evaluation of asymptomatic subjects. Neurology. 1992 Oct; 42(10):1924-30.
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      560. IJsselmuiden CB, Gaydos C, Feighner B, Novakoski WL, Serwadda D, Caris LH, Vlahov D, Comstock GW. Cancer of the pancreas and drinking water: a population-based case-control study in Washington County, Maryland. Am J Epidemiol. 1992 Oct 1; 136(7):836-42.
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      561. Smith SS, O'Hara BF, Persico AM, Gorelick DA, Newlin DB, Vlahov D, Solomon L, Pickens R, Uhl GR. Genetic vulnerability to drug abuse. The D2 dopamine receptor Taq I B1 restriction fragment length polymorphism appears more frequently in polysubstance abusers. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1992 Sep; 49(9):723-7.
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      562. Vlahov D, Sullivan M, Astemborski J, Nelson KE. Bacterial infections and skin cleaning prior to injection among intravenous drug users. Public Health Rep. 1992 Sep-Oct; 107(5):595-8.
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      563. Smith MD, Celentano DD, Solomon L, Astemborski J, Vlahov D. Knowledge of therapeutics for human immunodeficiency virus infection among intravenous drug users. J Infect Dis. 1992 Sep; 166(3):685-6.
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      564. Latkin CA, Vlahov D, Anthony JC, Cohn S, Mandell W, Nelson KE. Needle-cleaning practices among intravenous drug users who share injection equipment in Baltimore, Maryland. Int J Addict. 1992 Jun; 27(6):717-25.
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      565. Smith AM, Vlahov D, Menon AS, Anthony JC. Terminology for drug injection practices among intravenous drug users in Baltimore. Int J Addict. 1992 Apr; 27(4):435-53.
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      566. Margolick JB, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Solomon L, Astemborski J, Cohn S, Nelson KE. Changes in T-lymphocyte subsets in intravenous drug users with HIV-1 infection. JAMA. 1992 Mar 25; 267(12):1631-6.
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      567. Samuels JF, Vlahov D, Anthony JC, Chaisson RE. Measurement of HIV risk behaviors among intravenous drug users. Br J Addict. 1992 Mar; 87(3):417-28.
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      568. Graham NM, Nelson KE, Solomon L, Bonds M, Rizzo RT, Scavotto J, Astemborski J, Vlahov D. Prevalence of tuberculin positivity and skin test anergy in HIV-1-seropositive and -seronegative intravenous drug users. JAMA. 1992 Jan 15; 267(3):369-73.
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      569. Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Solomon L, Margolick JB, Bareta JC, Cohn S, Astemborski J, Nelson KE. Prognostic indicators for development of AIDS among intravenous drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992; 5(7):694-700.
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      570. Vlahov D. HIV-1 infection in the correctional setting. NIDA Res Monogr. 1992; 118:51-61.
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      571. Alcabes P, Vlahov D, Anthony JC. Characteristics of intravenous drug users by history of arrest and treatment for drug use. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1992 Jan; 180(1):48-54.
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      573. Chaisson RE, Taylor E, Margolick JB, Muñoz A, Solomon L, Cohn S, Nelson KE, Vlahov D. Immune serum markers and CD4 cell counts in HIV-infected intravenous drug users. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1992; 5(5):456-60.
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      574. Steinhoff MC, Auerbach BS, Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Becker RL, Graham NM, Schwartz DH, Lucas AH, Chaisson RE. Antibody responses to Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccines in men with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 1991 Dec 26; 325(26):1837-42.
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      575. Royal W, Updike M, Selnes OA, Proctor TV, Nance-Sproson L, Solomon L, Vlahov D, Cornblath DR, McArthur JC. HIV-1 infection and nervous system abnormalities among a cohort of intravenous drug users. Neurology. 1991 Dec; 41(12):1905-10.
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      576. Donahue JG, Nelson KE, Muñoz A, Vlahov D, Rennie LL, Taylor EL, Saah AJ, Cohn S, Odaka NJ, Farzadegan H. Antibody to hepatitis C virus among cardiac surgery patients, homosexual men, and intravenous drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Nov 15; 134(10):1206-11.
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      577. Anthony JC, Vlahov D, Nelson KE, Cohn S, Astemborski J, Solomon L. New evidence on intravenous cocaine use and the risk of infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Am J Epidemiol. 1991 Nov 15; 134(10):1175-89.
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      578. Vlahov D, Muñoz A, Celentano DD, Cohn S, Anthony JC, Chilcoat H, Nelson KE. HIV seroconversion and disinfection of injection equipment among intravenous drug users, Baltimore, Maryland. Epidemiology. 1991 Nov; 2(6):444-6.
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      579. Solomon L, Frank R, Vlahov D, Astemborski J. Utilization of health services in a cohort of intravenous drug users with known HIV-1 serostatus. Am J Public Health. 1991 Oct; 81(10):1285-90.
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      580. Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Cohn S, Lindsay A, Solomon L, Anthony JC. Human immunodeficiency virus infection in diabetic intravenous drug users. JAMA. 1991 Oct 23-30; 266(16):2259-61.
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      581. Celentano DD, Vlahov D, Cohn S, Anthony JC, Solomon L, Nelson KE. Risk factors for shooting gallery use and cessation among intravenous drug users. Am J Public Health. 1991 Oct; 81(10):1291-5.
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      582. Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Cohn S, Odunmbaku M, Lindsay A, Antohony JC, Hook EW. Sexually transmitted diseases in a population of intravenous drug users: association with seropositivity to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). J Infect Dis. 1991 Sep; 164(3):457-63.
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      583. Vlahov D, Brewer TF, Castro KG, Narkunas JP, Salive ME, Ullrich J, Muñoz A. Prevalence of antibody to HIV-1 among entrants to US correctional facilities. JAMA. 1991 Mar 6; 265(9):1129-32.
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      584. Samuels JF, Vlahov D, Anthony JC, Solomon L, Celentano DD. The practice of 'frontloading' among intravenous drug users: association with HIV-antibody. AIDS. 1991 Mar; 5(3):343.
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      585. Vlahov D, Anthony JC, Munoz A, Margolick J, Nelson KE, Celentano DD, Solomon L, Polk BF. The ALIVE study, a longitudinal study of HIV-1 infection in intravenous drug users: description of methods and characteristics of participants. NIDA Res Monogr. 1991; 109:75-100.
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      586. Viscidi RP, Hill PM, Li SJ, Cerny EH, Vlahov D, Farzadegan H, Halsey N, Kelen GD, Quinn TC. Diagnosis and differentiation of HTLV-I and HTLV-II infection by enzyme immunoassays using synthetic peptides. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1991; 4(12):1190-8.
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      587. Vlahov D, Anthony JC, Celentano D, Solomon L, Chowdhury N. Trends of HIV-1 risk reduction among initiates into intravenous drug use 1982-1987. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 1991; 17(1):39-48.
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      588. Gershon RM, Vlahov D. HIV infection risk to health-care workers. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1990 Dec; 51(12):A802-6.
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      589. Gershon RM, Vlahov D, Nelson KE. HIV infection risk to nonhealth-care workers. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1990 Dec; 51(12):A807-9.
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      590. Vlahov D, Muñoz A, Anthony JC, Cohn S, Celentano DD, Nelson KE. Association of drug injection patterns with antibody to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 among intravenous drug users in Baltimore, Maryland. Am J Epidemiol. 1990 Nov; 132(5):847-56.
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      591. Rohde JM, Myers AH, Vlahov D. Variation in risk for falls by clinical department: implications for prevention. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1990 Oct; 11(10):521-4.
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      592. Gershon RR, Vlahov D, Nelson KE. The risk of transmission of HIV-1 through non-percutaneous, non-sexual modes--a review. AIDS. 1990 Jul; 4(7):645-50.
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      593. Salive ME, Vlahov D, Brewer TF. Coinfection with tuberculosis and HIV-1 in male prison inmates. Public Health Rep. 1990 May-Jun; 105(3):307-10.
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      594. Nelson KE, Vlahov D, Margolick J, Bernal M, Taylor E. Blood and plasma donations among a cohort of intravenous drug users. JAMA. 1990 Apr 25; 263(16):2194-7.
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      595. Vlahov D, Muñoz A, Brewer F, Taylor E, Canner C, Polk BF. Seasonal and annual variation of antibody to HIV-1 among male inmates entering Maryland prisons: update. AIDS. 1990 Apr; 4(4):345-50.
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      596. Tomas JM, Vlahov D, Anthony JC. Association between intravenous drug use and early misbehavior. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1990 Feb; 25(1):79-89.
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      598. Vlahov D, Myers AH, al-Ibrahim MS. Epidemiology of falls among patients in a rehabilitation hospital. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1990 Jan; 71(1):8-12.
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      599. Novick DM, Trigg HL, Des Jarlais DC, Friedman SR, Vlahov D, Kreek MJ. Cocaine injection and ethnicity in parenteral drug users during the early years of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in New York City. J Med Virol. 1989 Nov; 29(3):181-5.
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      600. Vlahov D. AIDS: overview, immunology, virology, and informational needs. Semin Oncol Nurs. 1989 Nov; 5(4):227-35.
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      601. Wabwire-Mangen F, Shiff CJ, Vlahov D, Kline R, Serwadda D, Sewankambo NK, Mugerwa RD, Quinn TC. Immunological effects of HIV-1 infection on the humoral response to malaria in an African population. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1989 Nov; 41(5):504-11.
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      602. Ellerbeck EF, Vlahov D, Libonati JP, Salive ME, Brewer TF. Gonorrhea prevalence in the Maryland state prisons. Sex Transm Dis. 1989 Oct-Dec; 16(4):165-7.
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      603. Wabwire-Mangen F, Serwadda D, Sewankambo NK, Mugerwa RD, Shiff CJ, Vlahov D, Heyward WL, Quinn TC. Further experience with the World Health Organization clinical case definition for AIDS in Uganda. AIDS. 1989 Jul; 3(7):462-3.
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      604. Jones C, Vlahov D. Why don't intravenous drug users use condoms? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1989; 2(4):416-7.
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      605. Vlahov D, Brewer F, Muñoz A, Hall D, Taylor E, Polk BF. Temporal trends of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection among inmates entering a statewide prison system, 1985-1987. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1989; 2(3):283-90.
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      606. Brewer TF, Vlahov D, Taylor E, Hall D, Munoz A, Polk BF. Transmission of HIV-1 within a statewide prison system. AIDS. 1988 Oct; 2(5):363-7.
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      607. Lilienfeld DE, Vlahov D, Tenney JH, McLaughlin JS. Obesity and diabetes as risk factors for postoperative wound infections after cardiac surgery. Am J Infect Control. 1988 Feb; 16(1):3-6.
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      608. Vlahov D, Polk BF. Perspectives on infection with HIV-1 among intravenous drug users. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1988; 24(3):325-9.
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      609. Larson E, Bolyard EA, Vlahov D. The infection control practitioner as investigator of clinical phenomena. Am J Infect Control. 1987 Oct; 15(5):215-20.
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      610. Vlahov D, Polk BF. Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus within the health care setting. Occup Med. 1987 Jul-Sep; 2(3):429-50.
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      611. Vlahov D, Tenney JH, Cervino KW, Shamer DK. Routine surveillance for infections in nursing homes: experience at two facilities. Am J Infect Control. 1987 Apr; 15(2):47-53.
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      612. Vlahov D, Cervino KW, Standiford HC. Accuracy of patient recall for date of peripheral intravenous catheter insertion. Am J Infect Control. 1987 Feb; 15(1):26-8.
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      613. Walsh TJ, Vlahov D, Hansen SL, Sonnenberg E, Khabbaz R, Gadacz T, Standiford HC. Prospective microbiologic surveillance in control of nosocomial methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Control. 1987 Jan; 8(1):7-14.
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      614. Lilienfeld DE, Vlahov D, Tenney JH, McLaughlin JS. On antibiotic prophylaxis in cardiac surgery: a risk factor for wound infection. Ann Thorac Surg. 1986 Dec; 42(6):670-4.
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      615. Walsh TJ, Bustamente CI, Vlahov D, Standiford HC. Candidal suppurative peripheral thrombophlebitis: recognition, prevention, and management. Infect Control. 1986 Jan; 7(1):16-22.
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      616. Tenney JH, Vlahov D, Salcman M, Ducker TB. Wide variation in risk of wound infection following clean neurosurgery. Implications for perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis. J Neurosurg. 1985 Feb; 62(2):243-7.
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      617. Vlahov D, Montgomery E, Tenney JH, Kahn-Eisenberg S. Neurosurgical wound infections: methodological and clinical factors affecting calculation of infection rates. J Neurosurg Nurs. 1984 Jun; 16(3):128-33.
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      618. Vlahov D, Tenney JH. Herpes genualius. Infect Control. 1983 Mar-Apr; 4(2):74-5.
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