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Matt Price, PhD

Title(s)Assistant Clinical Professor, Epidemiology & Biostatistics
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone415-597-9351
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    I have been the lead epidemiologist for IAVI’s Epidemiology for Vaccine Advancement, Capacity and Science research program since 2004, and I joined the UCSF Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics in 2010. I have worked with teams from 10 clinical research centers across five countries in sub-Saharan Africa to design and guide studies of HIV epidemiology. My interests have been principally cohort development, including multiple studies of HIV incidence in at-risk groups and one of the largest studies of early HIV infection in Africa. The volunteers in these studies represent the diversity of the African HIV epidemic; our teams work in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Zambia and South Africa, with cohorts comprised of risk groups from men who report sex with men, female sex workers and HIV-discordant couples. Our work in these cohorts has included studying the epidemiology of many other pathogens and health-related issues relevant to the communities where we work, ranging from schistosomiasis, to Hepatitis B, to sexually transmitted diseases, and dengue fever, among others. With the acquisition of Aeras TB vaccine clinical programs and assets in 2018, IAVI is positioning itself to be a leader in end-to-end product development for HIV vaccines and TB vaccines, as well as Lassa Fever vaccines, and neutralizing antibodies to prevent and treat HIV infection, snakebite, and antimicrobial resistance. As the Director for Epidemiology at IAVI and associate professor at UCSF, our clinical research studies inform clinical trial design with an eye to answering questions to allow streamlined development of new prevention technologies for HIV and other neglected diseases.

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Abaasa A, Todd J, Mayanja Y, Price M, Fast PE, Kaleebu P, Nash S. Publisher Correction: Use of reliable contraceptives and its correlates among women participating in Simulated HIV vaccine efficacy trials in key-populations in Uganda. Sci Rep. 2019 Nov 29; 9(1):18274. PMID: 31784698.
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    2. Todd J, Mayanja Y, Price M, Fast PE, Kaleebu P, Nash S. Use of reliable contraceptives and its correlates among women participating in Simulated HIV vaccine efficacy trials in key-populations in Uganda. Sci Rep. 2019 Oct 28; 9(1):15418. PMID: 31659225.
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    3. Claiborne DT, Scully EP, Palmer CD, Prince JL, Macharia GN, Kopycinski J, Michelo CM, Wiener HW, Parker R, Nganou-Makamdop K, Douek D, Altfeld M, Gilmour J, Price MA, Tang J, Kilembe W, Allen SA, Hunter E. Protective HLA alleles are associated with reduced LPS levels in acute HIV infection with implications for immune activation and pathogenesis. PLoS Pathog. 2019 Aug; 15(8):e1007981. PMID: 31449552.
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    4. Mayanja Y, Abaasa A, Namale G, Asiki G, Price MA, Kamali A. Factors associated with vaccination completion and retention among HIV negative female sex workers enrolled in a simulated vaccine efficacy trial in Kampala, Uganda. BMC Infect Dis. 2019 Aug 16; 19(1):725. PMID: 31420019.
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    5. Kilembe W, Inambao M, Sharkey T, Wall KM, Parker R, Himukumbwa C, Tichacek A, Malama K, Visoiu AM, Price M, Chomba E, Allen S. Single Mothers and Female Sex Workers in Zambia Have Similar Risk Profiles. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2019 Sep; 35(9):814-825. PMID: 31204869.
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    6. Malama K, Sagaon-Teyssier L, Parker R, Tichacek A, Sharkey T, Kilembe W, Inambao M, Price MA, Spire B, Allen S. Client-Initiated Violence Against Zambian Female Sex Workers: Prevalence and Associations With Behavior, Environment, and Sexual History. J Interpers Violence. 2019 Jul 03; 886260519860083. PMID: 31268388.
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    7. Price MA, Rida W, Kilembe W, Karita E, Inambao M, Ruzagira E, Kamali A, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Hunter E, Allen S, Edward VA, Wall KM, Tang J, Fast PE, Kaleebu P, Lakhi S, Mutua G, Bekker LG, Abu-Baker G, Tichacek A, Chetty P, Latka MH, Maenetje P, Makkan H, Kibengo F, Priddy F, Gilmour J. Control of the HIV-1 Load Varies by Viral Subtype in a Large Cohort of African Adults With Incident HIV-1 Infection. J Infect Dis. 2019 Jul 02; 220(3):432-441. PMID: 30938435.
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    8. Namale G, Kamacooko O, Bagiire D, Mayanja Y, Abaasa A, Kilembe W, Price M, Ssemwanga D, Lunkuse S, Nanyonjo M, Ssenyonga W, Mayaud P, Newton R, Kaleebu P, Seeley J. Sustained virological response and drug resistance among female sex workers living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study. Sex Transm Infect. 2019 Sep; 95(6):405-411. PMID: 31266818.
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    9. Agutu CA, Ngetsa CJ, Price MA, Rinke de Wit TF, Omosa-Manyonyi G, Sanders EJ, Graham SM. Systematic review of the performance and clinical utility of point of care HIV-1 RNA testing for diagnosis and care. PLoS One. 2019; 14(6):e0218369. PMID: 31246963.
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    10. Maenetje P, Lindan C, Makkan H, Chetty-Makkan CM, Latka MH, Charalambous S, Mlotshwa M, Malefo M, Brumskine W, Hills NK, Price MA, Edward V. HIV incidence and predictors of inconsistent condom use among adult men enrolled into an HIV vaccine preparedness study, Rustenburg, South Africa. PLoS One. 2019; 14(4):e0214786. PMID: 30943254.
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    11. Sanders EJ, Chirro O, Oduor C, Mangi J, Wahome E, Price MA, Gelderblom HC, van der Elst EM, Graham SM. Point-of-care HIV RNA testing and immediate antiretroviral therapy initiation in young adults seeking out-patient care in Kenya. AIDS. 2019 Apr 01; 33(5):923-926. PMID: 30882493.
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    12. Abaasa A, Nash S, Mayanja Y, Price M, Fast PE, Kamali A, Kaleebu P, Todd J. Simulated vaccine efficacy trials to estimate HIV incidence for actual vaccine clinical trials in key populations in Uganda. Vaccine. 2019 Apr 03; 37(15):2065-2072. PMID: 30857933.
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    13. Namuniina A, Lutwama F, Biribawa VM, Kizza D, Kabuubi BR, Kitandwe PK, Mpendo J, Nanvubya A, Ssempiira J, Nalutaaya A, Ssetaala A, Welsh S, Price MA, Kiwanuka N, Bagaya BS. Field Performance of PIMA Point-of-Care Machine for CD4 Enumeration Under a Mobile HIV Counseling and Testing Program in Remote Fishing Communities of Lake Victoria, Uganda. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2019 Apr; 35(4):382-387. PMID: 30560683.
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    14. Ingabire R, Parker R, Nyombayire J, Ko JE, Mukamuyango J, Bizimana J, Price MA, Laufer D, Tichacek A, Wall K, Allen S, Karita E. Female sex workers in Kigali, Rwanda: a key population at risk of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and unplanned pregnancy. Int J STD AIDS. 2019 May; 30(6):557-568. PMID: 30727831.
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    15. Smith SA, Burton SL, Kilembe W, Lakhi S, Karita E, Price M, Allen S, Derdeyn CA. VH1-69 Utilizing Antibodies Are Capable of Mediating Non-neutralizing Fc-Mediated Effector Functions Against the Transmitted/Founder gp120. Front Immunol. 2018; 9:3163. PMID: 30697215.
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    16. Bahemuka UM, Abaasa A, Ruzagira E, Lindan C, Price MA, Kamali A, Fast P. Retention of adults from fishing communities in an HIV vaccine preparedness study in Masaka, Uganda. PLoS One. 2019; 14(1):e0198460. PMID: 30640918.
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    17. Nyasani DK, Mutua GN, Sajabi RM, Ng'ang'a JW, Gachie JN, Maina AM, Lusike LL, Anzala AO, Price MA, Manyonyi GO. Reported willingness to participate in a hypothetical HIV vaccine trial and its translation to actual participation among healthy adults-Experience from Kenya. PLoS One. 2018; 13(11):e0206656. PMID: 30388145.
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    18. Kiyaga C, Narayan V, McConnell I, Elyanu P, Kisaakye LN, Kekitiinwa A, Price M, Grosz J. Retention outcomes and drivers of loss among HIV-exposed and infected infants in Uganda: a retrospective cohort study. BMC Infect Dis. 2018 Aug 22; 18(1):416. PMID: 30134851.
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    19. Wahome E, Thiong'o AN, Mwashigadi G, Chirro O, Mohamed K, Gichuru E, Mwambi J, Price MA, Graham SM, Sanders EJ. An Empiric Risk Score to Guide PrEP Targeting Among MSM in Coastal Kenya. AIDS Behav. 2018 Jul; 22(Suppl 1):35-44. PMID: 29767324.
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    20. Wolsky RJ, Price MA, Zaloudek CJ, Rabban JT. Mucosal Proliferations in Completely Examined Fallopian Tubes Accompanying Ovarian Low-grade Serous Tumors: Neoplastic Precursor Lesions or Normal Variants of Benign Mucosa? Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2018 May; 37(3):262-274. PMID: 28700429.
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    21. Powers KA, Price MA, Karita E, Kamali A, Kilembe W, Allen S, Hunter E, Bekker LG, Lakhi S, Inambao M, Anzala O, Latka MH, Fast PE, Gilmour J, Sanders EJ. Prediction of extended high viremia among newly HIV-1-infected persons in sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS One. 2018; 13(4):e0192785. PMID: 29614069.
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    22. Olson A, Bannert N, Sönnerborg A, de Mendoza C, Price M, Zangerle R, Chaix ML, Prins M, Kran AB, Gill J, Paraskevis D, Porter K. Temporal trends of transmitted HIV drug resistance in a multinational seroconversion cohort. AIDS. 2018 Jan 14; 32(2):161-169. PMID: 29112061.
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    23. Seaton KE, Vandergrift NA, Deal AW, Rountree W, Bainbridge J, Grebe E, Anderson DA, Sawant S, Shen X, Yates NL, Denny TN, Liao HX, Haynes BF, Robb ML, Parkin N, Santos BR, Garrett N, Price MA, Naniche D, Duerr AC, Keating S, Hampton D, Facente S, Marson K, Welte A, Pilcher CD, Cohen MS, Tomaras GD. Computational analysis of antibody dynamics identifies recent HIV-1 infection. JCI Insight. 2017 12 21; 2(24). PMID: 29263306.
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    24. Grebe E, Welte A, Hall J, Keating SM, Facente SN, Marson K, Martin JN, Little SJ, Price MA, Kallas EG, Busch MP, Pilcher CD, Murphy G. Infection Staging and Incidence Surveillance Applications of High Dynamic Range Diagnostic Immuno-Assay Platforms. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 12 15; 76(5):547-555. PMID: 28914669.
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    25. Sanders EJ, Price MA, Karita E, Kamali A, Kilembe W, Bekker LG, Lakhi S, Inambao M, Anzala O, Fast PE, Gilmour J, Powers KA. Differences in acute retroviral syndrome by HIV-1 subtype in a multicentre cohort study in Africa. AIDS. 2017 11 28; 31(18):2541-2546. PMID: 29028659.
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    26. Klank RL, Decker Grunke SA, Bangasser BL, Forster CL, Price MA, Odde TJ, SantaCruz KS, Rosenfeld SS, Canoll P, Turley EA, McCarthy JB, Ohlfest JR, Odde DJ. Biphasic Dependence of Glioma Survival and Cell Migration on CD44 Expression Level. Cell Rep. 2017 04 18; 19(3):668. PMID: 28423327.
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    27. van Santen DK, van der Helm JJ, Del Amo J, Meyer L, D'Arminio Monforte A, Price M, Béguelin CA, Zangerle R, Sannes M, Porter K, Geskus RB, Prins M. Lack of decline in hepatitis C virus incidence among HIV-positive men who have sex with men during 1990-2014. J Hepatol. 2017 08; 67(2):255-262. PMID: 28412290.
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    28. Maples-Keller JL, Price M, Jovanovic T, Norrholm SD, Odenat L, Post L, Zwiebach L, Breazeale K, Gross R, Kim SJ, Rothbaum BO. Targeting memory reconsolidation to prevent the return of fear in patients with fear of flying. Depress Anxiety. 2017 07; 34(7):610-620. PMID: 28380277.
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    29. Ngoi CN, Siqueira J, Li L, Deng X, Mugo P, Graham SM, Price MA, Sanders EJ, Delwart E. Corrigendum: The plasma virome of febrile adult Kenyans shows frequent parvovirus B19 infections and a novel arbovirus (Kadipiro virus). J Gen Virol. 2017 03; 98(3):517. PMID: 28366188.
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    30. Wall KM, Rida W, Haddad LB, Kamali A, Karita E, Lakhi S, Kilembe W, Allen S, Inambao M, Yang AH, Latka MH, Anzala O, Sanders EJ, Bekker LG, Edward VA, Price MA. Pregnancy and HIV Disease Progression in an Early Infection Cohort from Five African Countries. Epidemiology. 2017 03; 28(2):224-232. PMID: 27893488.
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    31. Keating SM, Kassanjee R, Lebedeva M, Facente SN, MacArthur JC, Grebe E, Murphy G, Welte A, Martin JN, Little S, Price MA, Kallas EG, Busch MP, Pilcher CD. Performance of the Bio-Rad Geenius HIV1/2 Supplemental Assay in Detecting "Recent" HIV Infection and Calculating Population Incidence. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Dec 15; 73(5):581-588. PMID: 27509247.
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    32. Ngoi CN, Price MA, Fields B, Bonventure J, Ochieng C, Mwashigadi G, Hassan AS, Thiong'o AN, Micheni M, Mugo P, Graham S, Sanders EJ. Dengue and Chikungunya Virus Infections among Young Febrile Adults Evaluated for Acute HIV-1 Infection in Coastal Kenya. PLoS One. 2016; 11(12):e0167508. PMID: 27942016.
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    33. Wahome E, Ngetsa C, Mwambi J, Gelderblom HC, Manyonyi GO, Micheni M, Hassan A, Price MA, Graham SM, Sanders EJ. Hepatitis B Virus Incidence and Risk Factors Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Negative Men Who Have Sex With Men in Kenya. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017; 4(1):ofw253. PMID: 28695141.
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    34. Smith SA, Burton SL, Kilembe W, Lakhi S, Karita E, Price M, Allen S, Hunter E, Derdeyn CA. Diversification in the HIV-1 Envelope Hyper-variable Domains V2, V4, and V5 and Higher Probability of Transmitted/Founder Envelope Glycosylation Favor the Development of Heterologous Neutralization Breadth. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Nov; 12(11):e1005989. PMID: 27851829.
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    35. Prentice HA, Lu H, Price MA, Kamali A, Karita E, Lakhi S, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Allen S, Goepfert PA, Hunter E, Gilmour J, Tang J. Dynamics and Correlates of CD8 T-Cell Counts in Africans with Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection. J Virol. 2016 Nov 15; 90(22):10423-10430. PMID: 27630231.
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    36. Ngoi CN, Siqueira J, Li L, Deng X, Mugo P, Graham SM, Price MA, Sanders EJ, Delwart E. The plasma virome of febrile adult Kenyans shows frequent parvovirus B19 infections and a novel arbovirus (Kadipiro virus). J Gen Virol. 2016 Dec; 97(12):3359-3367. PMID: 27902331.
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    37. Kassanjee R, Pilcher CD, Busch MP, Murphy G, Facente SN, Keating SM, Mckinney E, Marson K, Price MA, Martin JN, Little SJ, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Welte A. Viral load criteria and threshold optimization to improve HIV incidence assay characteristics. AIDS. 2016 09 24; 30(15):2361-71. PMID: 27454561.
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    38. Mónaco DC, Dilernia DA, Fiore-Gartland A, Yu T, Prince JL, Dennis KK, Qin K, Schaefer M, Claiborne DT, Kilembe W, Tang J, Price MA, Farmer P, Gilmour J, Bansal A, Allen S, Goepfert P, Hunter E. Balance between transmitted HLA preadapted and nonassociated polymorphisms is a major determinant of HIV-1 disease progression. J Exp Med. 2016 09 19; 213(10):2049-63. PMID: 27551154.
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    39. Carlson JM, Du VY, Pfeifer N, Bansal A, Tan VY, Power K, Brumme CJ, Kreimer A, DeZiel CE, Fusi N, Schaefer M, Brockman MA, Gilmour J, Price MA, Kilembe W, Haubrich R, John M, Mallal S, Shapiro R, Frater J, Harrigan PR, Ndung'u T, Allen S, Heckerman D, Sidney J, Allen TM, Goulder PJ, Brumme ZL, Hunter E, Goepfert PA. Impact of pre-adapted HIV transmission. Nat Med. 2016 06; 22(6):606-13. PMID: 27183217.
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    40. Abaasa A, Asiki G, Price MA, Ruzagira E, Kibengo F, Bahemuka U, Fast PE, Kamali A. Comparison of HIV incidence estimated in clinical trial and observational cohort settings in a high risk fishing population in Uganda: Implications for sample size estimates. Vaccine. 2016 Apr 04; 34(15):1778-85. PMID: 26923456.
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    41. Curno MJ, Rossi S, Hodges-Mameletzis I, Johnston R, Price MA, Heidari S. A Systematic Review of the Inclusion (or Exclusion) of Women in HIV Research: From Clinical Studies of Antiretrovirals and Vaccines to Cure Strategies. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Feb 01; 71(2):181-8. PMID: 26361171.
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    42. Landais E, Huang X, Havenar-Daughton C, Murrell B, Price MA, Wickramasinghe L, Ramos A, Bian CB, Simek M, Allen S, Karita E, Kilembe W, Lakhi S, Inambao M, Kamali A, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Edward V, Bekker LG, Tang J, Gilmour J, Kosakovsky-Pond SL, Phung P, Wrin T, Crotty S, Godzik A, Poignard P. Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Responses in a Large Longitudinal Sub-Saharan HIV Primary Infection Cohort. PLoS Pathog. 2016 Jan; 12(1):e1005369. PMID: 26766578.
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    43. Möller LM, Stolte IG, Geskus RB, Okuku HS, Wahome E, Price MA, Prins M, Graham SM, Sanders EJ. Changes in sexual risk behavior among MSM participating in a research cohort in coastal Kenya. AIDS. 2015 Dec; 29 Suppl 3:S211-S219. PMID: 26562810.
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    44. Karita E, Price MA, Lakhi S, Kilembe W, Kamali A, Ruzagira E, Hunter E, Farmer P, Allen S, Stevens G, Chetty P, Welsh S, Yang A, Gilmour J, Fast P. High Transmitter CD4+ T-Cell Count Shortly after the Time of Transmission in a Study of African Serodiscordant Couples. PLoS One. 2015; 10(8):e0134438. PMID: 26291456.
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    45. Tang J, Li X, Price MA, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Karita E, Kamali A, Lakhi S, Allen S, Hunter E, Kaslow RA, Gilmour J. CD4:CD8 lymphocyte ratio as a quantitative measure of immunologic health in HIV-1 infection: findings from an African cohort with prospective data. Front Microbiol. 2015; 6:670. PMID: 26191056.
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    46. Rhee SY, Blanco JL, Jordan MR, Taylor J, Lemey P, Varghese V, Hamers RL, Bertagnolio S, de Wit TF, Aghokeng AF, Albert J, Avi R, Avila-Rios S, Bessong PO, Brooks JI, Boucher CA, Brumme ZL, Busch MP, Bussmann H, Chaix ML, Chin BS, D'Aquin TT, De Gascun CF, Derache A, Descamps D, Deshpande AK, Djoko CF, Eshleman SH, Fleury H, Frange P, Fujisaki S, Harrigan PR, Hattori J, Holguin A, Hunt GM, Ichimura H, Kaleebu P, Katzenstein D, Kiertiburanakul S, Kim JH, Kim SS, Li Y, Lutsar I, Morris L, Ndembi N, Kee PN, Paranjape RS, Peeters M, Poljak M, Price MA, Ragonnet-Cronin ML, Reyes-Terán G, Rolland M, Sirivichayakul S, Smith DM, Soares MA, Soriano VV, Ssemwanga D, Stanojevic M, Stefani MA, Sugiura W, Sungkanuparph S, Tanuri A, Tee KK, Truong HM, van de Vijver DA, Vidal N, Yang C, Yang R, Yebra G, Ioannidis JP, Vandamme AM, Shafer RW. Correction: Geographic and Temporal Trends in the Molecular Epidemiology and Genetic Mechanisms of Transmitted HIV-1 Drug Resistance: An Individual-Patient- and Sequence-Level Meta-Analysis. PLoS Med. 2015 Jun; 12(6):e1001845. PMID: 26030872.
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    47. Zhang X, Wallace OL, Domi A, Wright KJ, Driscoll J, Anzala O, Sanders EJ, Kamali A, Karita E, Allen S, Fast P, Gilmour J, Price MA, Parks CL. Canine distemper virus neutralization activity is low in human serum and it is sensitive to an amino acid substitution in the hemagglutinin protein. Virology. 2015 Aug; 482:218-24. PMID: 25880113.
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    48. Rhee SY, Blanco JL, Jordan MR, Taylor J, Lemey P, Varghese V, Hamers RL, Bertagnolio S, Rinke de Wit TF, Aghokeng AF, Albert J, Avi R, Avila-Rios S, Bessong PO, Brooks JI, Boucher CA, Brumme ZL, Busch MP, Bussmann H, Chaix ML, Chin BS, D'Aquin TT, De Gascun CF, Derache A, Descamps D, Deshpande AK, Djoko CF, Eshleman SH, Fleury H, Frange P, Fujisaki S, Harrigan PR, Hattori J, Holguin A, Hunt GM, Ichimura H, Kaleebu P, Katzenstein D, Kiertiburanakul S, Kim JH, Kim SS, Li Y, Lutsar I, Morris L, Ndembi N, Ng KP, Paranjape RS, Peeters M, Poljak M, Price MA, Ragonnet-Cronin ML, Reyes-Terán G, Rolland M, Sirivichayakul S, Smith DM, Soares MA, Soriano VV, Ssemwanga D, Stanojevic M, Stefani MA, Sugiura W, Sungkanuparph S, Tanuri A, Tee KK, Truong HM, van de Vijver DA, Vidal N, Yang C, Yang R, Yebra G, Ioannidis JP, Vandamme AM, Shafer RW. Geographic and temporal trends in the molecular epidemiology and genetic mechanisms of transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance: an individual-patient- and sequence-level meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2015 Apr; 12(4):e1001810. PMID: 25849352.
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    49. Claiborne DT, Prince JL, Scully E, Macharia G, Micci L, Lawson B, Kopycinski J, Deymier MJ, Vanderford TH, Nganou-Makamdop K, Ende Z, Brooks K, Tang J, Yu T, Lakhi S, Kilembe W, Silvestri G, Douek D, Goepfert PA, Price MA, Allen SA, Paiardini M, Altfeld M, Gilmour J, Hunter E. Replicative fitness of transmitted HIV-1 drives acute immune activation, proviral load in memory CD4+ T cells, and disease progression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Mar 24; 112(12):E1480-9. PMID: 25730868.
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    50. Kamali A, Price MA, Lakhi S, Karita E, Inambao M, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Latka MH, Bekker LG, Kaleebu P, Asiki G, Ssetaala A, Ruzagira E, Allen S, Farmer P, Hunter E, Mutua G, Makkan H, Tichacek A, Brill IK, Fast P, Stevens G, Chetty P, Amornkul PN, Gilmour J. Creating an African HIV clinical research and prevention trials network: HIV prevalence, incidence and transmission. PLoS One. 2015; 10(1):e0116100. PMID: 25602351.
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    51. Kassanjee R, Pilcher CD, Keating SM, Facente SN, McKinney E, Price MA, Martin JN, Little S, Hecht FM, Kallas EG, Welte A, Busch MP, Murphy G. Independent assessment of candidate HIV incidence assays on specimens in the CEPHIA repository. AIDS. 2014 Oct 23; 28(16):2439-49. PMID: 25144218.
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    52. Ruzagira E, Abaasa A, Karita E, Mulenga J, Kilembe W, Allen S, Bahemuka U, Bwanika AN, Levin J, Price MA, Kamali A. Effect of seasonal variation on adult clinical laboratory parameters in Rwanda, Zambia, and Uganda: implications for HIV biomedical prevention trials. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e105089. PMID: 25118593.
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    53. Carlson JM, Schaefer M, Monaco DC, Batorsky R, Claiborne DT, Prince J, Deymier MJ, Ende ZS, Klatt NR, DeZiel CE, Lin TH, Peng J, Seese AM, Shapiro R, Frater J, Ndung'u T, Tang J, Goepfert P, Gilmour J, Price MA, Kilembe W, Heckerman D, Goulder PJ, Allen TM, Allen S, Hunter E. HIV transmission. Selection bias at the heterosexual HIV-1 transmission bottleneck. Science. 2014 Jul 11; 345(6193):1254031. PMID: 25013080.
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    54. Li X, Price MA, He D, Kamali A, Karita E, Lakhi S, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Amornkul PN, Allen S, Hunter E, Kaslow RA, Gilmour J, Tang J. Host genetics and viral load in primary HIV-1 infection: clear evidence for gene by sex interactions. Hum Genet. 2014 Sep; 133(9):1187-97. PMID: 24969460.
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    55. Chetty-Makkan CM, Fielding K, Feldblum PJ, Price MA, Kruger P, Makkan H, Charalambous S, Latka MH. Pregnancy incidence and correlates in a clinical trial preparedness study, North West Province South Africa. PLoS One. 2014; 9(5):e95708. PMID: 24802651.
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    56. Prentice HA, Price MA, Porter TR, Cormier E, Mugavero MJ, Kamali A, Karita E, Lakhi S, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Amornkul PN, Allen S, Hunter E, Kaslow RA, Gilmour J, Tang J. Dynamics of viremia in primary HIV-1 infection in Africans: insights from analyses of host and viral correlates. Virology. 2014 Jan 20; 449:254-62. PMID: 24418560.
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    57. Fast PE, Price MA, Rida WN, Kamali A, Karita E. WHO's new guidelines for antiretroviral treatment. Lancet. 2013 Nov 30; 382(9907):1778-9. PMID: 24290585.
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    58. Amornkul PN, Karita E, Kamali A, Rida WN, Sanders EJ, Lakhi S, Price MA, Kilembe W, Cormier E, Anzala O, Latka MH, Bekker LG, Allen SA, Gilmour J, Fast PE. Disease progression by infecting HIV-1 subtype in a seroconverter cohort in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS. 2013 Nov 13; 27(17):2775-86. PMID: 24113395.
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    59. Bezemer D, Faria NR, Hassan A, Hamers RL, Mutua G, Anzala O, Mandaliya K, Cane P, Berkley JA, Rinke de Wit TF, Wallis C, Graham SM, Price MA, Coutinho RA, Sanders EJ. HIV Type 1 transmission networks among men having sex with men and heterosexuals in Kenya. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2014 Feb; 30(2):118-26. PMID: 23947948.
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    60. Wahome E, Fegan G, Okuku HS, Mugo P, Price MA, Mwashigadi G, Thiong'o A, Graham SM, Sanders EJ. Evaluation of an empiric risk screening score to identify acute and early HIV-1 infection among MSM in Coastal Kenya. AIDS. 2013 Aug 24; 27(13):2163-6. PMID: 23842136.
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    61. Taegtmeyer M, Davies A, Mwangome M, van der Elst EM, Graham SM, Price MA, Sanders EJ. Challenges in providing counselling to MSM in highly stigmatized contexts: results of a qualitative study from Kenya. PLoS One. 2013; 8(6):e64527. PMID: 23762241.
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    62. Graham SM, Mugo P, Gichuru E, Thiong'o A, Macharia M, Okuku HS, van der Elst E, Price MA, Muraguri N, Sanders EJ. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and clinical outcomes among young adults reporting high-risk sexual behavior, including men who have sex with men, in coastal Kenya. AIDS Behav. 2013 May; 17(4):1255-65. PMID: 23494223.
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    63. Prentice HA, Porter TR, Price MA, Cormier E, He D, Farmer PK, Kamali A, Karita E, Lakhi S, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Amornkul PN, Allen S, Hunter E, Kaslow RA, Gilmour J, Tang J. HLA-B*57 versus HLA-B*81 in HIV-1 infection: slow and steady wins the race? J Virol. 2013 Apr; 87(7):4043-51. PMID: 23365442.
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    64. Sanders EJ, Okuku HS, Smith AD, Mwangome M, Wahome E, Fegan G, Peshu N, van der Elst EM, Price MA, McClelland RS, Graham SM. High HIV-1 incidence, correlates of HIV-1 acquisition, and high viral loads following seroconversion among MSM. AIDS. 2013 Jan 28; 27(3):437-46. PMID: 23079811.
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    65. Prince JL, Claiborne DT, Carlson JM, Schaefer M, Yu T, Lahki S, Prentice HA, Yue L, Vishwanathan SA, Kilembe W, Goepfert P, Price MA, Gilmour J, Mulenga J, Farmer P, Derdeyn CA, Tang J, Heckerman D, Kaslow RA, Allen SA, Hunter E. Role of transmitted Gag CTL polymorphisms in defining replicative capacity and early HIV-1 pathogenesis. PLoS Pathog. 2012; 8(11):e1003041. PMID: 23209412.
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    66. Baalwa J, Wang S, Parrish NF, Decker JM, Keele BF, Learn GH, Yue L, Ruzagira E, Ssemwanga D, Kamali A, Amornkul PN, Price MA, Kappes JC, Karita E, Kaleebu P, Sanders E, Gilmour J, Allen S, Hunter E, Montefiori DC, Haynes BF, Cormier E, Hahn BH, Shaw GM. Molecular identification, cloning and characterization of transmitted/founder HIV-1 subtype A, D and A/D infectious molecular clones. Virology. 2013 Feb 05; 436(1):33-48. PMID: 23123038.
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    67. Kilembe W, Keeling M, Karita E, Lakhi S, Chetty P, Price MA, Makkan H, Latka M, Likoti M, Ilukui K, Hurlston M, Allen S, Stevens G, Hunter E. Failure of a novel, rapid antigen and antibody combination test to detect antigen-positive HIV infection in African adults with early HIV infection. PLoS One. 2012; 7(6):e37154. PMID: 22715363.
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    68. Price MA, Rida W, Mwangome M, Mutua G, Middelkoop K, Roux S, Okuku HS, Bekker LG, Anzala O, Ngugi E, Stevens G, Chetty P, Amornkul PN, Sanders EJ. Identifying at-risk populations in Kenya and South Africa: HIV incidence in cohorts of men who report sex with men, sex workers, and youth. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2012 Feb 01; 59(2):185-93. PMID: 22227488.
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    69. Okuku HS, Sanders EJ, Nyiro J, Ngetsa C, Ohuma E, McClelland RS, Price MA, Graham SM. Factors associated with herpes simplex virus type 2 incidence in a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-seronegative Kenyan men and women reporting high-risk sexual behavior. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Sep; 38(9):837-44. PMID: 21844740.
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    70. Ruzagira E, Wandiembe S, Abaasa A, Bwanika AN, Bahemuka U, Amornkul P, Price MA, Grosskurth H, Kamali A. HIV incidence and risk factors for acquisition in HIV discordant couples in Masaka, Uganda: an HIV vaccine preparedness study. PLoS One. 2011; 6(8):e24037. PMID: 21909379.
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    71. Powers KA, Hoffman IF, Ghani AC, Hosseinipour MC, Pilcher CD, Price MA, Pettifor AE, Chilongozi DA, Martinson FE, Cohen MS, Miller WC. Sexual partnership patterns in malawi: implications for HIV/STI transmission. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Jul; 38(7):657-66. PMID: 21301383.
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    72. Tang J, Cormier E, Gilmour J, Price MA, Prentice HA, Song W, Kamali A, Karita E, Lakhi S, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Amornkul PN, Allen S, Hunter E, Kaslow RA. Human leukocyte antigen variants B*44 and B*57 are consistently favorable during two distinct phases of primary HIV-1 infection in sub-Saharan Africans with several viral subtypes. J Virol. 2011 Sep; 85(17):8894-902. PMID: 21715491.
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    73. Ruzagira E, Wandiembe S, Abaasa A, Levin J, Bwanika A, Bahemuka U, Price MA, Kamali A. Prevalence and incidence of HIV in a rural community-based HIV vaccine preparedness cohort in Masaka, Uganda. PLoS One. 2011; 6(6):e20684. PMID: 21677779.
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    74. Hara H, Hara H, Hironaka T, Inoue M, Iida A, Shu T, Hasegawa M, Nagai Y, Falsey AR, Kamali A, Anzala O, Sanders EJ, Karita E, Mwananyanda L, Vasan S, Lombardo A, Parks CL, Sayeed E, Krebs M, Cormier E, Ackland J, Price MA, Excler JL. Prevalence of specific neutralizing antibodies against Sendai virus in populations from different geographic areas: implications for AIDS vaccine development using Sendai virus vectors. Hum Vaccin. 2011 Jun; 7(6):639-45. PMID: 21508675.
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    75. Sanders EJ, Wahome E, Mwangome M, Thiong'o AN, Okuku HS, Price MA, Wamuyu L, Macharia M, McClelland RS, Graham SM. Most adults seek urgent healthcare when acquiring HIV-1 and are frequently treated for malaria in coastal Kenya. AIDS. 2011 Jun 01; 25(9):1219-24. PMID: 21505300.
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    76. Nyiro JU, Sanders EJ, Ngetsa C, Wale S, Awuondo K, Bukusi E, Price MA, Amornkul PN, Nokes DJ. Seroprevalence, predictors and estimated incidence of maternal and neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus type 2 infection in semi-urban women in Kilifi, Kenya. BMC Infect Dis. 2011 May 31; 11:155. PMID: 21627803.
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    77. Price MA, Wallis CL, Lakhi S, Karita E, Kamali A, Anzala O, Sanders EJ, Bekker LG, Twesigye R, Hunter E, Kaleebu P, Kayitenkore K, Allen S, Ruzagira E, Mwangome M, Mutua G, Amornkul PN, Stevens G, Pond SL, Schaefer M, Papathanasopoulos MA, Stevens W, Gilmour J. Transmitted HIV type 1 drug resistance among individuals with recent HIV infection in East and Southern Africa. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2011 Jan; 27(1):5-12. PMID: 21091377.
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    78. Tovanabutra S, Sanders EJ, Graham SM, Mwangome M, Peshu N, McClelland RS, Muhaari A, Crossler J, Price MA, Gilmour J, Michael NL, McCutchan FM. Evaluation of HIV type 1 strains in men having sex with men and in female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2010 Feb; 26(2):123-31. PMID: 20156095.
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    79. Ngongo Bahati P, Kidega W, Ogutu H, Odada J, Bender B, Fast P, Becker J, Price M. Ensuring quality of services in HIV prevention research settings: findings from a multi-center quality improvement pilot in East Africa. AIDS Care. 2010 Jan; 22(1):119-25. PMID: 20390489.
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    80. Ruzagira E, Abaasa A, Levin J, Bahemuka U, Bwanika A, Amornkul PN, Price MA, Grosskurth H, Kamali A. Haematological and biochemistry laboratory abnormalities associated with splenomegaly in asymptomatic adults in Masaka, Uganda: implications for HIV biomedical prevention trials. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Jan; 15(1):105-12. PMID: 19968840.
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    81. van der Elst EM, Okuku HS, Nakamya P, Muhaari A, Davies A, McClelland RS, Price MA, Smith AD, Graham SM, Sanders EJ. Is audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI) useful in risk behaviour assessment of female and male sex workers, Mombasa, Kenya? PLoS One. 2009; 4(5):e5340. PMID: 19412535.
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    82. Karita E, Ketter N, Price MA, Kayitenkore K, Kaleebu P, Nanvubya A, Anzala O, Jaoko W, Mutua G, Ruzagira E, Mulenga J, Sanders EJ, Mwangome M, Allen S, Bwanika A, Bahemuka U, Awuondo K, Omosa G, Farah B, Amornkul P, Birungi J, Yates S, Stoll-Johnson L, Gilmour J, Stevens G, Shutes E, Manigart O, Hughes P, Dally L, Scott J, Stevens W, Fast P, Kamali A. CLSI-derived hematology and biochemistry reference intervals for healthy adults in eastern and southern Africa. PLoS One. 2009; 4(2):e4401. PMID: 19197365.
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    83. Ruzagira E, Wandiembe S, Bufumbo L, Levin J, Price MA, Grosskurth H, Kamali A. Willingness to participate in preventive HIV vaccine trials in a community-based cohort in south western Uganda. Trop Med Int Health. 2009 Feb; 14(2):196-203. PMID: 19207177.
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    84. Stevens W, Kamali A, Karita E, Anzala O, Sanders EJ, Jaoko W, Kaleebu P, Mulenga J, Dally L, Fast P, Gilmour J, Farah B, Birungi J, Hughes P, Manigart O, Stevens G, Yates S, Thomson H, von Lieven A, Krebs M, Price MA, Stoll-Johnson L, Ketter N. Baseline morbidity in 2,990 adult African volunteers recruited to characterize laboratory reference intervals for future HIV vaccine clinical trials. PLoS One. 2008 Apr 30; 3(4):e2043. PMID: 18446196.
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    85. Sanders EJ, Graham SM, Okuku HS, van der Elst EM, Muhaari A, Davies A, Peshu N, Price M, McClelland RS, Smith AD. HIV-1 infection in high risk men who have sex with men in Mombasa, Kenya. AIDS. 2007 Nov 30; 21(18):2513-20. PMID: 18025888.
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    86. Powers KA, Miller WC, Pilcher CD, Mapanje C, Martinson FE, Fiscus SA, Chilongozi DA, Namakhwa D, Price MA, Galvin SR, Hoffman IF, Cohen MS. Improved detection of acute HIV-1 infection in sub-Saharan Africa: development of a risk score algorithm. AIDS. 2007 Oct 18; 21(16):2237-42. PMID: 18090052.
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    87. Pilcher CD, Joaki G, Hoffman IF, Martinson FE, Mapanje C, Stewart PW, Powers KA, Galvin S, Chilongozi D, Gama S, Price MA, Fiscus SA, Cohen MS. Amplified transmission of HIV-1: comparison of HIV-1 concentrations in semen and blood during acute and chronic infection. AIDS. 2007 Aug 20; 21(13):1723-30. PMID: 17690570.
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    88. Westreich D, Pettifor A, Karita E, Price M, Fiamma A, Fiscus S, Cohen M. Overestimation of the South African HIV incidence using the BED IgG assay? S Afr Med J. 2007 Jul; 97(7):476, 478; author reply 478, 480. PMID: 17805444.
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    89. Grodensky CA, Golin CE, Boland MS, Patel SN, Quinlivan EB, Price M. Translating concern into action: HIV care providers' views on counseling patients about HIV prevention in the clinical setting. AIDS Behav. 2008 May; 12(3):404-11. PMID: 17577658.
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    90. Karita E, Price M, Hunter E, Chomba E, Allen S, Fei L, Kamali A, Sanders EJ, Anzala O, Katende M, Ketter N. Investigating the utility of the HIV-1 BED capture enzyme immunoassay using cross-sectional and longitudinal seroconverter specimens from Africa. AIDS. 2007 Feb 19; 21(4):403-8. PMID: 17301558.
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    91. Fiscus SA, Pilcher CD, Miller WC, Powers KA, Hoffman IF, Price M, Chilongozi DA, Mapanje C, Krysiak R, Gama S, Martinson FE, Cohen MS. Rapid, real-time detection of acute HIV infection in patients in Africa. J Infect Dis. 2007 Feb 01; 195(3):416-24. PMID: 17205481.
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    92. Price MA, Stewart SR, Miller WC, Behets F, Dow WH, Martinson FE, Chilongozi D, Cohen MS. The cost-effectiveness of treating male trichomoniasis to avert HIV transmission in men seeking sexually transmitted disease care in Malawi. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Oct 01; 43(2):202-9. PMID: 16951650.
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    93. Price MA, Miller WC, Kaydos-Daniels SC, Hoffman IF, Chilongozi D, Martinson FE, Namakhwa D, Malanda J, Cohen M. Trichomoniasis in men and HIV infection: data from 2 outpatient clinics at Lilongwe Central Hospital, Malawi. J Infect Dis. 2004 Oct 15; 190(8):1448-55. PMID: 15378437.
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    94. Kaydos-Daniels SC, Miller WC, Hoffman I, Price MA, Martinson F, Chilongozi D, Namakwha D, Gama S, Phakati S, Cohen MS, Hobbs MM. The use of specimens from various genitourinary sites in men, to detect Trichomonas vaginalis infection. J Infect Dis. 2004 May 15; 189(10):1926-31. PMID: 15122531.
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    95. Pilcher CD, Price MA, Hoffman IF, Galvin S, Martinson FE, Kazembe PN, Eron JJ, Miller WC, Fiscus SA, Cohen MS. Frequent detection of acute primary HIV infection in men in Malawi. AIDS. 2004 Feb 20; 18(3):517-24. PMID: 15090805.
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    96. Price MA, Zimba D, Hoffman IF, Kaydos-Daniels SC, Miller WC, Martinson F, Chilongozi D, Kip E, Msowoya E, Hobbs MM, Kazembe P, Cohen MS. Addition of treatment for trichomoniasis to syndromic management of urethritis in Malawi: a randomized clinical trial. Sex Transm Dis. 2003 Jun; 30(6):516-22. PMID: 12782954.
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