Loading...

Paula Braveman, MD, MPH

TitleProfessor
InstitutionUniversity of California San Francisco
DepartmentFamily Community Medicine
Address3333 Calif. St,Laurel Heights
San Francisco CA 94118
Phone415-476-6839
vCardDownload vCard

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Education and Training
    University of California, San FranciscoM.D.1979 Medicine

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    Paula Braveman, MD, MPH is Professor of Family and Community Medicine and Director of the Center on Social Disparities in Health at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). For more than 25 years, Dr. Braveman has studied and published extensively on health equity and the social determinants of health, and has worked to bring attention to these issues in the U.S. and internationally. Her research has focused on measuring, documenting, understanding, and addressing socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities, particularly in maternal and infant health. During the 1990s she collaborated with World Health Organization staff in Geneva to develop a global initiative on equity in health and health care. She has been the Research Director for a national commission on the social determinants of health in the U.S. supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Throughout her career, she has collaborated with local, state, federal, and international health agencies to see rigorous research translated into practice with the goal of achieving greater equity in health. She was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 2002 and has served on the Advisory Council of the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities of NIH.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    PRENATAL CARE BARRIERS FOR LOW &MODERATE-INCOME WOMEN
    AHRQ R01HS007910Mar 1, 1994 - Feb 28, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Websites

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Braveman P, Heck K, Egerter S, Rinki C, Marchi K, Curtis M. Economic Hardship in Childhood: A Neglected Issue in ACE Studies? Matern Child Health J. 2018 Mar; 22(3):308-317. PMID: 28975444.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Braveman P, Heck K, Egerter S, Dominguez TP, Rinki C, Marchi KS, Curtis M. Worry about racial discrimination: A missing piece of the puzzle of Black-White disparities in preterm birth? PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0186151. PMID: 29020025.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Bethell CD, Carle A, Hudziak J, Gombojav N, Powers K, Wade R, Braveman P. Methods to Assess Adverse Childhood Experiences of Children and Families: Toward Approaches to Promote Child Well-being in Policy and Practice. Acad Pediatr. 2017 Sep - Oct; 17(7S):S51-S69. PMID: 28865661.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Walsemann KM, Child S, Heck K, Margerison-Zilko C, Braveman P, Marchi K, Cubbin C. Are the poverty histories of neighbourhoods associated with psychosocial well-being among a representative sample of California mothers? An observational study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2017 Jun; 71(6):558-564. PMID: 28130392.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV, Braveman P, Egerter S, Marchi KS, Heck K, Curtis M. Latina Birth Outcomes in California: Not so Paradoxical. Matern Child Health J. 2016 09; 20(9):1849-60. PMID: 27025385; PMCID: PMC5007144 [Available on 09/01/17].
    6. Margerison-Zilko C, Cubbin C, Jun J, Marchi K, Braveman P. Post-partum Residential Mobility Among a Statewide Representative Sample of California Women, 2003-2007. Matern Child Health J. 2016 Jan; 20(1):139-48. PMID: 26210781.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Cubbin C, Heck K, Powell T, Marchi K, Braveman P. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Depressive Symptoms Among Pregnant Women Vary by Income and Neighborhood Poverty. AIMS Public Health. 2015; 2(3):411-425. PMID: 29546117.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Margerison-Zilko C, Cubbin C, Jun J, Marchi K, Fingar K, Braveman P. Beyond the cross-sectional: neighborhood poverty histories and preterm birth. Am J Public Health. 2015 Jun; 105(6):1174-80. PMID: 25880941.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Braveman P, Heck K, Egerter S, Marchi KS, Dominguez TP, Cubbin C, Fingar K, Pearson JA, Curtis M. The role of socioeconomic factors in Black-White disparities in preterm birth. Am J Public Health. 2015 Apr; 105(4):694-702. PMID: 25211759.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Braveman P. What is health equity: and how does a life-course approach take us further toward it? Matern Child Health J. 2014 Feb; 18(2):366-72. PMID: 23397099.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Braveman P. What are health disparities and health equity? We need to be clear. Public Health Rep. 2014 Jan-Feb; 129 Suppl 2:5-8. PMID: 24385658; PMCID: PMC3863701.
    12. Braveman P, Gottlieb L. The social determinants of health: it's time to consider the causes of the causes. Public Health Rep. 2014 Jan-Feb; 129 Suppl 2:19-31. PMID: 24385661; PMCID: PMC3863696.
    13. Minnis AM, Marchi K, Ralph L, Biggs MA, Combellick S, Arons A, Brindis CD, Braveman P. Limited socioeconomic opportunities and Latina teen childbearing: a qualitative study of family and structural factors affecting future expectations. J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Apr; 15(2):334-40. PMID: 22678305; PMCID: PMC3479330.
    14. Braveman P. Health in Europe--a view from across the Atlantic. Lancet. 2013 Apr 13; 381(9874):1257-9. PMID: 23541060.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Pollack CE, Cubbin C, Sania A, Hayward M, Vallone D, Flaherty B, Braveman P. Do wealth disparities contribute to health disparities within racial/ethnic groups? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 May; 67(5):439-45. PMID: 23427209; PMCID: PMC3686361.
    16. Braveman P. We are failing on health equity because we are failing on equity. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2012 Dec; 36(6):515. PMID: 23216484.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Gottlieb LM, Fielding JE, Braveman P. Health impact assessment: necessary but not sufficient for healthy public policy. Public Health Rep. 2012 Mar-Apr; 127(2):156-62. PMID: 22379215; PMCID: PMC3268800.
    18. Braveman P. Health inequalities by class and race in the US: what can we learn from the patterns? Soc Sci Med. 2012 Mar; 74(5):665-7. PMID: 22226603.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Woolf SH, Braveman P. Where health disparities begin: the role of social and economic determinants--and why current policies may make matters worse. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011 Oct; 30(10):1852-9. PMID: 21976326.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Braveman P. Accumulating knowledge on the social determinants of health and infectious disease. Public Health Rep. 2011 Sep-Oct; 126 Suppl 3:28-30. PMID: 21836734; PMCID: PMC3150126.
    21. Braveman P, Kumanyika S, Fielding J, Laveist T, Borrell LN, Manderscheid R, Troutman A. Health disparities and health equity: the issue is justice. Am J Public Health. 2011 Dec; 101 Suppl 1:S149-55. PMID: 21551385; PMCID: PMC3222512.
    22. Cubbin C, Pollack C, Flaherty B, Hayward M, Sania A, Vallone D, Braveman P. Assessing alternative measures of wealth in health research. Am J Public Health. 2011 May; 101(5):939-47. PMID: 21252050; PMCID: PMC3076388.
    23. Blumenshine PM, Egerter SA, Libet ML, Braveman P. Father's education: an independent marker of risk for preterm birth. Matern Child Health J. 2011 Jan; 15(1):60-7. PMID: 20082129; PMCID: PMC3017319.
    24. Braveman P, Egerter SA, Mockenhaupt RE. Broadening the focus: the need to address the social determinants of health. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 40(1 Suppl 1):S4-18. PMID: 21146778.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Braveman P, Egerter SA, Woolf SH, Marks JS. When do we know enough to recommend action on the social determinants of health? Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 40(1 Suppl 1):S58-66. PMID: 21146780.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Braveman P, Egerter S, Williams DR. The social determinants of health: coming of age. Annu Rev Public Health. 2011; 32:381-98. PMID: 21091195.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Cubbin C, Vesely SK, Braveman P, Oman RF. Socioeconomic factors and health risk behaviors among adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jan-Feb; 35(1):28-39. PMID: 20950156.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Braveman P. Social conditions, health equity, and human rights. Health Hum Rights. 2010 Dec 15; 12(2):31-48. PMID: 21178188.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Marchi KS, Fisher-Owens SA, Weintraub JA, Yu Z, Braveman P. Most pregnant women in California do not receive dental care: findings from a population-based study. Public Health Rep. 2010 Nov-Dec; 125(6):831-42. PMID: 21121228.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Blumenshine P, Egerter S, Barclay CJ, Cubbin C, Braveman P. Socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Sep; 39(3):263-72. PMID: 20709259.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Cubbin C, Brindis CD, Jain S, Santelli J, Braveman P. Neighborhood poverty, aspirations and expectations, and initiation of sex. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Oct; 47(4):399-406. PMID: 20864010.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Braveman P, Cubbin C, Egerter S, Williams DR, Pamuk E. Socioeconomic disparities in health in the United States: what the patterns tell us. Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr 01; 100 Suppl 1:S186-96. PMID: 20147693; PMCID: PMC2837459.
    33. Braveman P, Barclay C. Health disparities beginning in childhood: a life-course perspective. Pediatrics. 2009 Nov; 124 Suppl 3:S163-75. PMID: 19861467.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Braveman P. A health disparities perspective on obesity research. Prev Chronic Dis. 2009 Jul; 6(3):A91. PMID: 19527592; PMCID: PMC2722388.
    35. Dehlendorf C, Marchi K, Vittinghoff E, Braveman P. Sociocultural determinants of teenage childbearing among Latinas in California. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Mar; 14(2):194-201. PMID: 19172385; PMCID: PMC2825323.
    36. Braveman P, Marchi K, Egerter S, Kim S, Metzler M, Stancil T, Libet M. Poverty, near-poverty, and hardship around the time of pregnancy. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Jan; 14(1):20-35. PMID: 19037715.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Afable-Munsuz A, Braveman P. Pregnancy intention and preterm birth: differential associations among a diverse population of women. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2008 Jun; 40(2):66-73. PMID: 18577138.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Nuru-Jeter A, Dominguez TP, Hammond WP, Leu J, Skaff M, Egerter S, Jones CP, Braveman P. "It's the skin you're in": African-American women talk about their experiences of racism. an exploratory study to develop measures of racism for birth outcome studies. Matern Child Health J. 2009 Jan; 13(1):29-39. PMID: 18463971; PMCID: PMC3051354.
    39. Blumenshine P, Reingold A, Egerter S, Mockenhaupt R, Braveman P, Marks J. Pandemic influenza planning in the United States from a health disparities perspective. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 May; 14(5):709-15. PMID: 18439350; PMCID: PMC2600245.
    40. Braveman P. When do we know enough to recommend action? The need to be bold but not reckless. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007 Nov; 61(11):931. PMID: 17933948; PMCID: PMC2465621.
    41. Kim S, Egerter S, Cubbin C, Takahashi ER, Braveman P. Potential implications of missing income data in population-based surveys: an example from a postpartum survey in California. Public Health Rep. 2007 Nov-Dec; 122(6):753-63. PMID: 18051668; PMCID: PMC1997243.
    42. Braveman P. Do we have real poverty in the United States of America? Prev Chronic Dis. 2007 Oct; 4(4):A84. PMID: 17875259; PMCID: PMC2099282.
    43. Pollack CE, Chideya S, Cubbin C, Williams B, Dekker M, Braveman P. Should health studies measure wealth? A systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Sep; 33(3):250-64. PMID: 17826585.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Cubbin C, Marchi K, Lin M, Bell T, Marshall H, Miller C, Braveman P. Is neighborhood deprivation independently associated with maternal and infant health? Evidence from Florida and Washington. Matern Child Health J. 2008 Jan; 12(1):61-74. PMID: 17562150.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Braveman P. We also need bold experiments: a response to Starfield's "Commentary: Pathways of influence on equity in health". Soc Sci Med. 2007 Apr; 64(7):1363-6; discussion 1371-2. PMID: 17276567.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Ostlin P, Braveman P, Dachs N. Priorities for research to take forward the health equity policy agenda. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Dec; 83(12):948-53. PMID: 16462988; PMCID: PMC2626494.
    47. Braveman P. Health disparities and health equity: concepts and measurement. Annu Rev Public Health. 2006; 27:167-94. PMID: 16533114.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Heck KE, Braveman P, Cubbin C, Chávez GF, Kiely JL. Socioeconomic status and breastfeeding initiation among California mothers. Public Health Rep. 2006 Jan-Feb; 121(1):51-9. PMID: 16416698; PMCID: PMC1497787.
    49. Lansky A, Barfield WD, Marchi KS, Egerter SA, Galbraith AA, Braveman P. Early postnatal care among healthy newborns in 19 States: pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system, 2000. Matern Child Health J. 2006 May; 10(3):277-84. PMID: 16382330.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Braveman P, Cubbin C, Egerter S, Chideya S, Marchi KS, Metzler M, Posner S. Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all. JAMA. 2005 Dec 14; 294(22):2879-88. PMID: 16352796.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Braveman P. The question is not: "is race or class more important?". J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Dec; 59(12):1029. PMID: 16286488; PMCID: PMC1732972.
    52. Nolen LB, Braveman P, Dachs JN, Delgado I, Gakidou E, Moser K, Rolfe L, Vega J, Zarowsky C. Strengthening health information systems to address health equity challenges. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Aug; 83(8):597-603. PMID: 16184279; PMCID: PMC2626311.
    53. Cubbin C, Santelli J, Brindis CD, Braveman P. Neighborhood context and sexual behaviors among adolescents: findings from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2005 Sep; 37(3):125-34. PMID: 16150660.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Braveman P, Egerter SA, Cubbin C, Marchi KS. An approach to studying social disparities in health and health care. Am J Public Health. 2004 Dec; 94(12):2139-48. PMID: 15569966; PMCID: PMC1448604.
    55. Phares TM, Morrow B, Lansky A, Barfield WD, Prince CB, Marchi KS, Braveman P, Williams LM, Kinniburgh B. Surveillance for disparities in maternal health-related behaviors--selected states, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2000-2001. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2004 Jul 02; 53(4):1-13. PMID: 15229409.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Braveman P, Gruskin S. Poverty, equity, human rights and health. Bull World Health Organ. 2003; 81(7):539-45. PMID: 12973647; PMCID: PMC2572503.
    57. McCoy D, Bambas L, Acurio D, Baya B, Bhuiya A, Chowdhury AM, Grisurapong S, Liu Y, Ngom P, Ngulube TJ, Ntuli A, Sanders D, Vega J, Shukla A, Braveman P. Global Equity Gauge Alliance: reflections on early experiences. J Health Popul Nutr. 2003 Sep; 21(3):273-87. PMID: 14717573.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Chung EK, Hung YY, Marchi K, Chavez GF, Braveman P. Infant sleep position: associated maternal and infant factors. Ambul Pediatr. 2003 Sep-Oct; 3(5):234-9. PMID: 12974664.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Braveman P. Monitoring equity in health and healthcare: a conceptual framework. J Health Popul Nutr. 2003 Sep; 21(3):181-92. PMID: 14717564.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Heck KE, Schoendorf KC, Chávez GF, Braveman P. Does postpartum length of stay affect breastfeeding duration? A population-based study. Birth. 2003 Sep; 30(3):153-9. PMID: 12911797.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Taveras EM, Capra AM, Braveman P, Jensvold NG, Escobar GJ, Lieu TA. Clinician support and psychosocial risk factors associated with breastfeeding discontinuation. Pediatrics. 2003 Jul; 112(1 Pt 1):108-15. PMID: 12837875.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Rittenhouse DR, Braveman P, Marchi K. Improvements in prenatal insurance coverage and utilization of care in California: an unsung public health victory. Matern Child Health J. 2003 Jun; 7(2):75-86. PMID: 12870623.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Galbraith AA, Egerter SA, Marchi KS, Chavez G, Braveman P. Newborn early discharge revisited: are California newborns receiving recommended postnatal services? Pediatrics. 2003 Feb; 111(2):364-71. PMID: 12563065.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Braveman P, Cubbin C. Optimal SES indicators cannot be prescribed across all outcomes. Am J Public Health. 2003 Jan; 93(1):12-3; author reply 13. PMID: 12511373; PMCID: PMC1447682.
    65. Cubbin C, Braveman P, Marchi KS, Chavez GF, Santelli JS, Gilbert BJ. Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy among postpartum women in California. Matern Child Health J. 2002 Dec; 6(4):237-46. PMID: 12512765.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Braveman P. MSJAMA. Measuring health equity within countries: the challenge of limited information. JAMA. 2002 Oct 02; 288(13):1650. PMID: 12350200.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Braveman P, Tarimo E. Social inequalities in health within countries: not only an issue for affluent nations. Soc Sci Med. 2002 Jun; 54(11):1621-35. PMID: 12113445.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Egerter S, Braveman P, Marchi K. Timing of insurance coverage and use of prenatal care among low-income women. Am J Public Health. 2002 Mar; 92(3):423-7. PMID: 11867324; PMCID: PMC1447093.
    69. Braveman P. Combining forces against inequity and poverty rather than splitting hairs Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78(1):78-9. PMID: 10686738.
      View in: PubMed