Paula Braveman, MD, MPH

Title(s)Professor, Family Community Medicine
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Address2540 23rd Street, #5502
San Francisco CA 94110
ORCID ORCID Icon0000-0001-9917-2360 Additional info
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    Collapse Biography 
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    University of California, San FranciscoM.D.1979 Medicine

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    Paula Braveman, MD, MPH is Professor of Family and Community Medicine and Founding Director of the Center for Health Equity at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). For more than 25 years, Dr. Braveman has studied and published extensively on health equity and the social determinants of health, and has worked to bring attention to these issues in the U.S. and internationally. Her research has focused on measuring, documenting, understanding, and addressing socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities, particularly in maternal and infant health. During the 1990s she collaborated with World Health Organization staff in Geneva to develop a global initiative on equity in health and health care. She has been the Research Director for a national commission on the social determinants of health in the U.S. supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Throughout her career, she has collaborated with local, state, federal, and international health agencies to see rigorous research translated into practice with the goal of achieving greater equity in health. She was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 2002 and has served on the Advisory Council of the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities of NIH.

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    NIH R01HS007910Mar 1, 1994 - Feb 28, 1997
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help. to make corrections and additions.
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    Altmetrics Details PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. African immigrants' favorable preterm birth rates challenge genetic etiology of the Black-White disparity in preterm birth. Front Public Health. 2023; 11:1321331. Braveman P, Heck K, Dominguez TP, Marchi K, Burke W, Holm N. PMID: 38239790; PMCID: PMC10794556.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Maternal Mortality: A National Institutes of Health Pathways to Prevention Panel Report. Obstet Gynecol. 2024 Mar 01; 143(3):e78-e85. Davidson KW, Terry MB, Braveman P, Reis PJ, Timmermans S, Epling JW. PMID: 38128099; PMCID: PMC10863655.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. The Black-White Disparity in Preterm Birth: Race or Racism? Milbank Q. 2023 04; 101(S1):356-378. Braveman P. PMID: 37096619; PMCID: PMC10126979.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    4. Preventing Maternal Mortality. Med Care. 2023 05 01; 61(5):255-257. Braveman P. PMID: 36929776.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Defining Health Equity. J Natl Med Assoc. 2022 Sep 24. Braveman P. PMID: 36167751.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    
    6. Severe maternal hardships are associated with food insecurity among low-income/lower-income women during pregnancy: results from the 2012-2014 California maternal infant health assessment. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2022 Feb 19; 22(1):138. Laraia BA, Gamba R, Saraiva C, Dove MS, Marchi K, Braveman P. PMID: 35183141; PMCID: PMC8858559.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Systemic And Structural Racism: Definitions, Examples, Health Damages, And Approaches To Dismantling. Health Aff (Millwood). 2022 02; 41(2):171-178. Braveman PA, Arkin E, Proctor D, Kauh T, Holm N. PMID: 35130057.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 108     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Correction to: School nutrition laws in the US: do they influence obesity among youth in a racially/ethnically diverse state? Int J Obes (Lond). 2021 Dec; 45(12):2688. Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV, Matsuzaki M, Braveman P, Acosta ME, Alexovitz K, Sallis JF, Peterson KE, Sánchez BN. PMID: 34400798; PMCID: PMC8606309.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    9. Abandon "Race." Focus on Racism. Front Public Health. 2021; 9:689462. Braveman P, Parker Dominguez T. PMID: 34557466; PMCID: PMC8452910.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Explaining the Black-White Disparity in Preterm Birth: A Consensus Statement From a Multi-Disciplinary Scientific Work Group Convened by the March of Dimes. Front Reprod Health. 2021; 3:684207. Braveman P, Dominguez TP, Burke W, Dolan SM, Stevenson DK, Jackson FM, Collins JW, Driscoll DA, Haley T, Acker J, Shaw GM, McCabe ERB, Hay WW, Thornburg K, Acevedo-Garcia D, Cordero JF, Wise PH, Legaz G, Rashied-Henry K, Frost J, Verbiest S, Waddell L. PMID: 36303973; PMCID: PMC9580804.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 41  
    11. School nutrition laws in the US: do they influence obesity among youth in a racially/ethnically diverse state? Int J Obes (Lond). 2021 11; 45(11):2358-2368. Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV, Matsuzaki M, Braveman P, Acosta ME, Alexovitz K, Sallis JF, Peterson KE, Sánchez BN. PMID: 34285361; PMCID: PMC8528713.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. A Prematurity Collaborative Birth Equity Consensus Statement for Mothers and Babies. Matern Child Health J. 2020 Oct; 24(10):1231-1237. Jackson FM, Rashied-Henry K, Braveman P, Dominguez TP, Ramos D, Maseru N, Darity W, Waddell L, Warne D, Legaz G, Gupta R, James A. PMID: 32548781; PMCID: PMC7476918.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Medical Provider Promotion of Oral Health and Women's Receipt of Dental Care During Pregnancy. Matern Child Health J. 2019 Jul; 23(7):890-902. Marchi KS, Rinki C, Shah M, Dove M, Terpak C, Curtis MP, Braveman P. PMID: 30649662.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Swimming Against the Tide: Challenges in Pursuing Health Equity Today. Acad Med. 2019 02; 94(2):170-171. Braveman PA. PMID: 30431455.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Retirements of Coal and Oil Power Plants in California: Association With Reduced Preterm Birth Among Populations Nearby. Am J Epidemiol. 2018 08 01; 187(8):1586-1594. Casey JA, Karasek D, Ogburn EL, Goin DE, Dang K, Braveman PA, Morello-Frosch R. PMID: 29796613; PMCID: PMC6070091.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 36     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    16. Economic Hardship in Childhood: A Neglected Issue in ACE Studies? Matern Child Health J. 2018 03; 22(3):308-317. Braveman P, Heck K, Egerter S, Rinki C, Marchi K, Curtis M. PMID: 28975444.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Worry about racial discrimination: A missing piece of the puzzle of Black-White disparities in preterm birth? PLoS One. 2017; 12(10):e0186151. Braveman P, Heck K, Egerter S, Dominguez TP, Rinki C, Marchi KS, Curtis M. PMID: 29020025; PMCID: PMC5636124.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Methods to Assess Adverse Childhood Experiences of Children and Families: Toward Approaches to Promote Child Well-being in Policy and Practice. Acad Pediatr. 2017 Sep - Oct; 17(7S):S51-S69. Bethell CD, Carle A, Hudziak J, Gombojav N, Powers K, Wade R, Braveman P. PMID: 28865661; PMCID: PMC6035880.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 110     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. Are the poverty histories of neighbourhoods associated with psychosocial well-being among a representative sample of California mothers? An observational study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2017 06; 71(6):558-564. Walsemann KM, Child S, Heck K, Margerison-Zilko C, Braveman P, Marchi K, Cubbin C. PMID: 28130392; PMCID: PMC7730284.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Latina Birth Outcomes in California: Not so Paradoxical. Matern Child Health J. 2016 09; 20(9):1849-60. Sanchez-Vaznaugh EV, Braveman PA, Egerter S, Marchi KS, Heck K, Curtis M. PMID: 27025385; PMCID: PMC5007144.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    21. Post-partum Residential Mobility Among a Statewide Representative Sample of California Women, 2003-2007. Matern Child Health J. 2016 Jan; 20(1):139-148. Margerison-Zilko C, Cubbin C, Jun J, Marchi K, Braveman P. PMID: 26210781.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Depressive Symptoms Among Pregnant Women Vary by Income and Neighborhood Poverty. AIMS Public Health. 2015; 2(3):411-425. Cubbin C, Heck K, Powell T, Marchi K, Braveman P. PMID: 29546117; PMCID: PMC5690242.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4  
    23. Beyond the cross-sectional: neighborhood poverty histories and preterm birth. Am J Public Health. 2015 Jun; 105(6):1174-80. Margerison-Zilko C, Cubbin C, Jun J, Marchi K, Fingar K, Braveman P. PMID: 25880941; PMCID: PMC4431076.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. The role of socioeconomic factors in Black-White disparities in preterm birth. Am J Public Health. 2015 Apr; 105(4):694-702. Braveman PA, Heck K, Egerter S, Marchi KS, Dominguez TP, Cubbin C, Fingar K, Pearson JA, Curtis M. PMID: 25211759; PMCID: PMC4358162.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 103     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. What is health equity: and how does a life-course approach take us further toward it? Matern Child Health J. 2014 Feb; 18(2):366-72. Braveman P. PMID: 23397099.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 63     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. What are health disparities and health equity? We need to be clear. Public Health Rep. 2014 Jan-Feb; 129 Suppl 2:5-8. Braveman P. PMID: 24385658; PMCID: PMC3863701.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 243     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. The social determinants of health: it's time to consider the causes of the causes. Public Health Rep. 2014 Jan-Feb; 129 Suppl 2:19-31. Braveman P, Gottlieb L. PMID: 24385661; PMCID: PMC3863696.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 920     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Limited socioeconomic opportunities and Latina teen childbearing: a qualitative study of family and structural factors affecting future expectations. J Immigr Minor Health. 2013 Apr; 15(2):334-40. Minnis AM, Marchi K, Ralph L, Biggs MA, Combellick S, Arons A, Brindis CD, Braveman P. PMID: 22678305; PMCID: PMC3479330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    29. Health in Europe--a view from across the Atlantic. Lancet. 2013 Apr 13; 381(9874):1257-9. Braveman P. PMID: 23541060.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Do wealth disparities contribute to health disparities within racial/ethnic groups? J Epidemiol Community Health. 2013 May; 67(5):439-45. Pollack CE, Cubbin C, Sania A, Hayward M, Vallone D, Flaherty B, Braveman PA. PMID: 23427209; PMCID: PMC3686361.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    31. We are failing on health equity because we are failing on equity. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2012 Dec; 36(6):515. Braveman P. PMID: 23216484.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Health impact assessment: necessary but not sufficient for healthy public policy. Public Health Rep. 2012 Mar-Apr; 127(2):156-62. Gottlieb LM, Fielding JE, Braveman PA. PMID: 22379215; PMCID: PMC3268800.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    33. Health inequalities by class and race in the US: what can we learn from the patterns? Soc Sci Med. 2012 Mar; 74(5):665-7. Braveman P. PMID: 22226603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Where health disparities begin: the role of social and economic determinants--and why current policies may make matters worse. Health Aff (Millwood). 2011 Oct; 30(10):1852-9. Woolf SH, Braveman P. PMID: 21976326.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 125     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Accumulating knowledge on the social determinants of health and infectious disease. Public Health Rep. 2011 Sep-Oct; 126 Suppl 3:28-30. Braveman P. PMID: 21836734; PMCID: PMC3150126.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    36. Health disparities and health equity: the issue is justice. Am J Public Health. 2011 Dec; 101 Suppl 1:S149-55. Braveman PA, Kumanyika S, Fielding J, Laveist T, Borrell LN, Manderscheid R, Troutman A. PMID: 21551385; PMCID: PMC3222512.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 233     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Assessing alternative measures of wealth in health research. Am J Public Health. 2011 May; 101(5):939-47. Cubbin C, Pollack C, Flaherty B, Hayward M, Sania A, Vallone D, Braveman P. PMID: 21252050; PMCID: PMC3076388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Father's education: an independent marker of risk for preterm birth. Matern Child Health J. 2011 Jan; 15(1):60-7. Blumenshine PM, Egerter SA, Libet ML, Braveman PA. PMID: 20082129; PMCID: PMC3017319.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    39. Broadening the focus: the need to address the social determinants of health. Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 40(1 Suppl 1):S4-18. Braveman PA, Egerter SA, Mockenhaupt RE. PMID: 21146778.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 63     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. When do we know enough to recommend action on the social determinants of health? Am J Prev Med. 2011 Jan; 40(1 Suppl 1):S58-66. Braveman PA, Egerter SA, Woolf SH, Marks JS. PMID: 21146780.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 39     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. The social determinants of health: coming of age. Annu Rev Public Health. 2011; 32:381-98. Braveman P, Egerter S, Williams DR. PMID: 21091195.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 607     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    42. Socioeconomic factors and health risk behaviors among adolescents. Am J Health Behav. 2011 Jan-Feb; 35(1):28-39. Cubbin C, Vesely SK, Braveman PA, Oman RF. PMID: 20950156.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Social conditions, health equity, and human rights. Health Hum Rights. 2010 Dec 15; 12(2):31-48. Braveman P. PMID: 21178188.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Most pregnant women in California do not receive dental care: findings from a population-based study. Public Health Rep. 2010 Nov-Dec; 125(6):831-42. Marchi KS, Fisher-Owens SA, Weintraub JA, Yu Z, Braveman PA. PMID: 21121228; PMCID: PMC2966664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2010 Sep; 39(3):263-72. Blumenshine P, Egerter S, Barclay CJ, Cubbin C, Braveman PA. PMID: 20709259.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 345     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Neighborhood poverty, aspirations and expectations, and initiation of sex. J Adolesc Health. 2010 Oct; 47(4):399-406. Cubbin C, Brindis CD, Jain S, Santelli J, Braveman P. PMID: 20864010.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Socioeconomic disparities in health in the United States: what the patterns tell us. Am J Public Health. 2010 Apr 01; 100 Suppl 1:S186-96. Braveman PA, Cubbin C, Egerter S, Williams DR, Pamuk E. PMID: 20147693; PMCID: PMC2837459.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 550     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Health disparities beginning in childhood: a life-course perspective. Pediatrics. 2009 Nov; 124 Suppl 3:S163-75. Braveman P, Barclay C. PMID: 19861467.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 212     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. A health disparities perspective on obesity research. Prev Chronic Dis. 2009 Jul; 6(3):A91. Braveman P. PMID: 19527592; PMCID: PMC2722388.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 25     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Sociocultural determinants of teenage childbearing among Latinas in California. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Mar; 14(2):194-201. Dehlendorf C, Marchi K, Vittinghoff E, Braveman P. PMID: 19172385; PMCID: PMC2825323.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Poverty, near-poverty, and hardship around the time of pregnancy. Matern Child Health J. 2010 Jan; 14(1):20-35. Braveman P, Marchi K, Egerter S, Kim S, Metzler M, Stancil T, Libet M. PMID: 19037715.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 67     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Pregnancy intention and preterm birth: differential associations among a diverse population of women. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2008 Jun; 40(2):66-73. Afable-Munsuz A, Braveman P. PMID: 18577138.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. "It's the skin you're in": African-American women talk about their experiences of racism. an exploratory study to develop measures of racism for birth outcome studies. Matern Child Health J. 2009 Jan; 13(1):29-39. Nuru-Jeter A, Dominguez TP, Hammond WP, Leu J, Skaff M, Egerter S, Jones CP, Braveman P. PMID: 18463971; PMCID: PMC3051354.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 115     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Pandemic influenza planning in the United States from a health disparities perspective. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 May; 14(5):709-15. Blumenshine P, Reingold A, Egerter S, Mockenhaupt R, Braveman P, Marks J. PMID: 18439350; PMCID: PMC2600245.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 109     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    55. When do we know enough to recommend action? The need to be bold but not reckless. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2007 Nov; 61(11):931. Braveman P. PMID: 17933948; PMCID: PMC2465621.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    56. Potential implications of missing income data in population-based surveys: an example from a postpartum survey in California. Public Health Rep. 2007 Nov-Dec; 122(6):753-63. Kim S, Egerter S, Cubbin C, Takahashi ER, Braveman P. PMID: 18051668; PMCID: PMC1997243.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 49     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Do we have real poverty in the United States of America? Prev Chronic Dis. 2007 Oct; 4(4):A84. Braveman P. PMID: 17875259; PMCID: PMC2099282.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Should health studies measure wealth? A systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2007 Sep; 33(3):250-64. Pollack CE, Chideya S, Cubbin C, Williams B, Dekker M, Braveman P. PMID: 17826585.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 126     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Is neighborhood deprivation independently associated with maternal and infant health? Evidence from Florida and Washington. Matern Child Health J. 2008 Jan; 12(1):61-74. Cubbin C, Marchi K, Lin M, Bell T, Marshall H, Miller C, Braveman P. PMID: 17562150.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. We also need bold experiments: a response to Starfield's "Commentary: Pathways of influence on equity in health". Soc Sci Med. 2007 Apr; 64(7):1363-6; discussion 1371-2. Braveman PA. PMID: 17276567.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Priorities for research to take forward the health equity policy agenda. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Dec; 83(12):948-53. Ostlin P, Braveman P, Dachs N, WHO Task Force on Research Priorities for Equity in Health, WHO Equity Team. PMID: 16462988; PMCID: PMC2626494.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Health disparities and health equity: concepts and measurement. Annu Rev Public Health. 2006; 27:167-94. Braveman P. PMID: 16533114.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 402     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Socioeconomic status and breastfeeding initiation among California mothers. Public Health Rep. 2006 Jan-Feb; 121(1):51-9. Heck KE, Braveman P, Cubbin C, Chávez GF, Kiely JL. PMID: 16416698; PMCID: PMC1497787.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 100     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Early postnatal care among healthy newborns in 19 States: pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system, 2000. Matern Child Health J. 2006 May; 10(3):277-84. Lansky A, Barfield WD, Marchi KS, Egerter SA, Galbraith AA, Braveman PA. PMID: 16382330.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Socioeconomic status in health research: one size does not fit all. JAMA. 2005 Dec 14; 294(22):2879-88. Braveman PA, Cubbin C, Egerter S, Chideya S, Marchi KS, Metzler M, Posner S. PMID: 16352796.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 866     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. The question is not: "is race or class more important?". J Epidemiol Community Health. 2005 Dec; 59(12):1029. Braveman P. PMID: 16286488; PMCID: PMC1732972.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Strengthening health information systems to address health equity challenges. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Aug; 83(8):597-603. Nolen LB, Braveman P, Dachs JN, Delgado I, Gakidou E, Moser K, Rolfe L, Vega J, Zarowsky C. PMID: 16184279; PMCID: PMC2626311.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Neighborhood context and sexual behaviors among adolescents: findings from the national longitudinal study of adolescent health. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2005 Sep; 37(3):125-34. Cubbin C, Santelli J, Brindis CD, Braveman P. PMID: 16150660.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 81     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. An approach to studying social disparities in health and health care. Am J Public Health. 2004 Dec; 94(12):2139-48. Braveman PA, Egerter SA, Cubbin C, Marchi KS. PMID: 15569966; PMCID: PMC1448604.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Surveillance for disparities in maternal health-related behaviors--selected states, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2000-2001. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2004 Jul 02; 53(4):1-13. Phares TM, Morrow B, Lansky A, Barfield WD, Prince CB, Marchi KS, Braveman PA, Williams LM, Kinniburgh B. PMID: 15229409.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 47     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    71. Poverty, equity, human rights and health. Bull World Health Organ. 2003; 81(7):539-45. Braveman P, Gruskin S. PMID: 12973647; PMCID: PMC2572503.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 67     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Global Equity Gauge Alliance: reflections on early experiences. J Health Popul Nutr. 2003 Sep; 21(3):273-87. McCoy D, Bambas L, Acurio D, Baya B, Bhuiya A, Chowdhury AM, Grisurapong S, Liu Y, Ngom P, Ngulube TJ, Ntuli A, Sanders D, Vega J, Shukla A, Braveman PA. PMID: 14717573.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Monitoring equity in health and healthcare: a conceptual framework. J Health Popul Nutr. 2003 Sep; 21(3):181-92. Braveman PA. PMID: 14717564.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 73     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Does postpartum length of stay affect breastfeeding duration? A population-based study. Birth. 2003 Sep; 30(3):153-9. Heck KE, Schoendorf KC, Chávez GF, Braveman P. PMID: 12911797.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Infant sleep position: associated maternal and infant factors. Ambul Pediatr. 2003 Sep-Oct; 3(5):234-9. Chung EK, Hung YY, Marchi K, Chavez GF, Braveman P. PMID: 12974664.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    76. Clinician support and psychosocial risk factors associated with breastfeeding discontinuation. Pediatrics. 2003 Jul; 112(1 Pt 1):108-15. Taveras EM, Capra AM, Braveman PA, Jensvold NG, Escobar GJ, Lieu TA. PMID: 12837875.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 114     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Improvements in prenatal insurance coverage and utilization of care in California: an unsung public health victory. Matern Child Health J. 2003 Jun; 7(2):75-86. Rittenhouse DR, Braveman P, Marchi K. PMID: 12870623.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Defining equity in health. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003 Apr; 57(4):254-8. Braveman P, Gruskin S. PMID: 12646539; PMCID: PMC1732430.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 402     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Newborn early discharge revisited: are California newborns receiving recommended postnatal services? Pediatrics. 2003 Feb; 111(2):364-71. Galbraith AA, Egerter SA, Marchi KS, Chavez G, Braveman PA. PMID: 12563065.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    80. Optimal SES indicators cannot be prescribed across all outcomes. Am J Public Health. 2003 Jan; 93(1):12-3; author reply 13. Braveman P, Cubbin C. PMID: 12511373; PMCID: PMC1447682.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in unintended pregnancy among postpartum women in California. Matern Child Health J. 2002 Dec; 6(4):237-46. Cubbin C, Braveman PA, Marchi KS, Chavez GF, Santelli JS, Gilbert BJ. PMID: 12512765.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    82. Social inequalities in health within countries: not only an issue for affluent nations. Soc Sci Med. 2002 Jun; 54(11):1621-35. Braveman P, Tarimo E. PMID: 12113445.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 65     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Timing of insurance coverage and use of prenatal care among low-income women. Am J Public Health. 2002 Mar; 92(3):423-7. Egerter S, Braveman P, Marchi K. PMID: 11867324; PMCID: PMC1447093.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    84. World Health Report 2000: how it removes equity from the agenda for public health monitoring and policy. BMJ. 2001 Sep 22; 323(7314):678-81. Braveman P, Starfield B, Geiger HJ. PMID: 11566834; PMCID: PMC1121239.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 31     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    85. Measuring socioeconomic status/position in studies of racial/ethnic disparities: maternal and infant health. Public Health Rep. 2001 Sep-Oct; 116(5):449-63. Braveman P, Cubbin C, Marchi K, Egerter S, Chavez G. PMID: 12042609; PMCID: PMC1497365.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 74     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. A randomized comparison of home visits and hospital-based group follow-up visits after early postpartum discharge. Pediatrics. 2001 Sep; 108(3):719-27. Escobar GJ, Braveman PA, Ackerson L, Odouli R, Coleman-Phox K, Capra AM, Wong C, Lieu TA. PMID: 11533342.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 38     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    87. Methodological concerns and recommendations on policy consequences of the World Health Report 2000. Lancet. 2001 May 26; 357(9269):1692-7. Almeida C, Braveman P, Gold MR, Szwarcwald CL, Ribeiro JM, Miglionico A, Millar JS, Porto S, Costa NR, Rubio VO, Segall M, Starfield B, Travassos C, Travessos C, Uga A, Valente J, Viacava F. PMID: 11425394.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    88. Epidemiology and (neo-)colonialism. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001 Mar; 55(3):160-1. Braveman PA. PMID: 11160168; PMCID: PMC1731841.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    89. Risk factors for late or no prenatal care following Medicaid expansions in California. Matern Child Health J. 2000 Dec; 4(4):251-9. Nothnagle M, Marchi K, Egerter S, Braveman P. PMID: 11272345.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    90. The validity of information on "race" and "Hispanic ethnicity" in California birth certificate data. Health Serv Res. 2000 Oct; 35(4):869-83. Baumeister L, Marchi K, Pearl M, Williams R, Braveman P. PMID: 11055453; PMCID: PMC1089157.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 64     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    91. Barriers to timely prenatal care among women with insurance: the importance of prepregnancy factors. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Jun; 95(6 Pt 1):874-80. Braveman P, Marchi K, Egerter S, Pearl M, Neuhaus J. PMID: 10831984.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    92. A randomized comparison of home and clinic follow-up visits after early postpartum hospital discharge. Pediatrics. 2000 May; 105(5):1058-65. Lieu TA, Braveman PA, Escobar GJ, Fischer AF, Jensvold NG, Capra AM. PMID: 10790463.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 30     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    93. Combining forces against inequity and poverty rather than splitting hairs Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78(1):78-9. Braveman P. PMID: 10686738; PMCID: PMC2560589.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    94. Health inequalities and social inequalities in health. Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78(2):232-4; discussion 234-5. Braveman P, Krieger N, Lynch J. PMID: 10743295; PMCID: PMC2560692.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 35     Fields:    Translation:PHPublic Health
    95. Round table discussion. Health inequalities and the health of the poor. Bull World Health Organ. 2000; 78(1):75-85. Acheson D, Alleyne GA, Casas JA, Castillo-Salgado C, Barzach M, Braveman P, Dahlgren G, Gupta GR, Liu Y, Orosz E. PMID: 10686735; PMCID: PMC2560603.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    96. The prevalence of low income among childbearing women in California: implications for the private and public sectors. Am J Public Health. 1999 Jun; 89(6):868-74. Braveman P, Egerter S, Marchi K. PMID: 10358677; PMCID: PMC1508648.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    97. Clinical outcomes and maternal perceptions of an updated model of perinatal care. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec; 102(6):1437-44. Lieu TA, Wikler C, Capra AM, Martin KE, Escobar GJ, Braveman PA. PMID: 9832582.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    98. Follow-up of newborns and their mothers after early hospital discharge. Clin Perinatol. 1998 Jun; 25(2):471-81. Egerter SA, Braveman PA, Marchi KS. PMID: 9647005.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    99. Validity of insurance information on California birth certificates. Am J Public Health. 1998 May; 88(5):813-6. Braveman P, Pearl M, Egerter S, Marchi K, Williams R. PMID: 9585754; PMCID: PMC1508950.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Early discharge and evidence-based practice. Good science and good judgment. JAMA. 1997 Jul 23-30; 278(4):334-6. Braveman P, Kessel W, Egerter S, Richmond J. PMID: 9228442.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    101. Health service use among low-risk newborns after early discharge with and without nurse home visiting. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1996 Jul-Aug; 9(4):254-60. Braveman P, Miller C, Egerter S, Bennett T, English P, Katz P, Showstack J. PMID: 8829074.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    102. Short hospital stays for mothers and newborns. J Fam Pract. 1996 May; 42(5):523-5. Braveman PA. PMID: 8642372.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    103. Health screening, development, and equity. J Public Health Policy. 1996; 17(1):14-27. Braveman P, Tarimo E. PMID: 8919957.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 2     Fields:    Translation:PHPublic Health
    104. Problems associated with early discharge of newborn infants. Early discharge of newborns and mothers: a critical review of the literature. Pediatrics. 1995 Oct; 96(4 Pt 1):716-26. Braveman P, Egerter S, Pearl M, Marchi K, Miller C. PMID: 7567337.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 45     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    105. Racial/ethnic differences in the likelihood of cesarean delivery, California. Am J Public Health. 1995 May; 85(5):625-30. Braveman P, Egerter S, Edmonston F, Verdon M. PMID: 7733420; PMCID: PMC1615415.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 42     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    106. Let's take on the real dragon: profiteering in health care. J Public Health Policy. 1995; 16(3):261-8. Braveman P, Bennett T. PMID: 7499510.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions:    Fields:    
    107. Maternal marital status as a risk factor for infant mortality. Fam Plann Perspect. 1994 Nov-Dec; 26(6):252-6, 271. Bennett T, Braveman P, Egerter S, Kiely JL. PMID: 7867772.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    108. Insurance-related differences in the risk of ruptured appendix. N Engl J Med. 1994 Aug 18; 331(7):444-9. Braveman P, Schaaf VM, Egerter S, Bennett T, Schecter W. PMID: 7880234.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 67     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    109. Access to prenatal care following major Medicaid eligibility expansions. JAMA. 1993 Mar 10; 269(10):1285-9. Braveman P, Bennett T, Lewis C, Egerter S, Showstack J. PMID: 8437308.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 37     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    110. Differences in hospital resource allocation among sick newborns according to insurance coverage. JAMA. 1991 Dec 18; 266(23):3300-8. Braveman PA, Egerter S, Bennett T, Showstack J. PMID: 1960830.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    111. Adverse outcomes and lack of health insurance among newborns in an eight-county area of California, 1982 to 1986. N Engl J Med. 1989 Aug 24; 321(8):508-13. Braveman P, Oliva G, Miller MG, Reiter R, Egerter S. PMID: 2761588.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    112. Lower-extremity amputation in people with diabetes. Epidemiology and prevention. Diabetes Care. 1989 Jan; 12(1):24-31. Bild DE, Selby JV, Sinnock P, Browner WS, Braveman P, Showstack JA. PMID: 2714164.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 61     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    113. Women without health insurance. Links between access, poverty, ethnicity, and health. West J Med. 1988 Dec; 149(6):708-11. Braveman P, Oliva G, Miller MG, Schaaf VM, Reiter R. PMID: 3074568; PMCID: PMC1026620.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    114. Evaluating outcomes of pregnancy in diabetic women. Epidemiologic considerations and recommended indicators. Diabetes Care. 1988 Mar; 11(3):281-7. Braveman P, Showstack J, Browner W, Selby J, Teutsch S, Sepe S. PMID: 3416684.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    115. Training physicians for community-oriented primary care in Latin America: model programs in Mexico, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Am J Public Health. 1987 Apr; 77(4):485-90. Braveman PA, Mora F. PMID: 3826469; PMCID: PMC1646944.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    116. Screening in preventive care for adolescents. West J Med. 1987 Apr; 146(4):490-3. Braveman P, Toomey KE. PMID: 3577148; PMCID: PMC1307368.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    117. Nicaragua: a health system developing under conditions of war. Int J Health Serv. 1987; 17(1):169-78. Braveman P, Siegel D. PMID: 3557771.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    118. Health personnel training in the Nicaraguan health system. Int J Health Serv. 1985; 15(4):699-705. Braveman PA, Roemer MI. PMID: 3908349.
      View in: PubMed   Mentions: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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