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Sanjeev Sabharwal, MD

Title(s)Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery
SchoolSchool of Medicine
Phone510-428-3238
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    Dr. Sanjeev Sabharwal is a pediatric orthopaedic surgeon who treats children and young adults with a wide spectrum of musculoskeletal problems, such as limb deformities, limb length discrepancy and injuries to bones and soft tissues and is an expert in complex limb reconstruction. Prior to joining UCSF, Dr. Sabharwal served as Chief of Pediatric Orthopaedics at the Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, where he was a Professor of Orthopaedics and the Residency Program Director.

    Fellowship-trained in pediatric orthopaedics at Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles and Shriner’s Hospital for Crippled Children at UCLA, Dr. Sabharwal continued additional fellowship training at the Maryland Center for Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction.

    Dr. Sabharwal’s clinical research interests include developing patient reported outcome measures for limb deformities and studying the motivations and impact of orthopedic volunteerism globally.

    In addition to his full-time clinical practice, Dr. Sabharwal is the past president of the Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society, and he is an invited speaker at national and international orthopedic meetings on a regular basis. He is actively involved in global outreach in Orthopaedics and is an active member of several orthopaedic societies, such as the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America and the American Orthopedic Association. Dr. Sabharwal recently edited a comprehensive textbook on lower limb deformities in children and also serves as the Deputy Editor for two of the premier orthopaedic journals, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Choi DE, Vives MJ, Shah H, Zhao C, Patel A, Sabharwal S. Do postoperative drain volumes correlate with intraoperative blood loss and postoperative transfusion requirements in posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis? J Pediatr Orthop B. 2019 Jul; 28(4):368-373. PMID: 30431538.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Zhao C, Starke M, Tompson JD, Sabharwal S. Predictors for Nonaccidental Trauma in a Child With a Fracture-A National Inpatient Database Study. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019 Jun 11. PMID: 31192884.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Chan J, Fan B, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. Variability in Exposure to Subspecialty Rotations During Orthopaedic Residency: A Website-based Review of Orthopaedic Residency Programs. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2019 Jun; 3(6):e010. PMID: 31588419.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Khanna K, Sabharwal S. Spinal tuberculosis: a comprehensive review for the modern spine surgeon. Spine J. 2019 May 15. PMID: 31102727.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Fan B, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. Risk factors for failure of temporary hemiepiphysiodesis in Blount disease: a systematic review. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2019 Feb 06. PMID: 30741749.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Rai R, Sabharwal S. Availability and Quality of Online Information on Sub-Internships in U.S. Orthopaedic Residency Programs. JB JS Open Access. 2019 Mar 27; 4(1):e0036. PMID: 31161150.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Wassef DW, Holler JT, Pinner A, Challa S, Xiong M, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. Perceptions of Orthopaedic Volunteers and Their Local Hosts in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Are We on the Same Page? J Orthop Trauma. 2018 Oct; 32 Suppl 7:S29-S34. PMID: 30247397.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Sabharwal S, Sabharwal S. Growth Plate Injuries of the Lower Extremity: Case Examples and Lessons Learned. Indian J Orthop. 2018 Sep-Oct; 52(5):462-469. PMID: 30237603.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Guzman D, Sabharwal S, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. Venous thromboembolism among pediatric orthopedic trauma patients: a database analysis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2018 Mar; 27(2):93-98. PMID: 28079740.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Fornari ED, Sabharwal S, Schwend RM. The POSNA-COUR International Scholar Program. Results of the First 7 Years. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Dec; 37(8):570-574. PMID: 26756989.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Sabharwal S, Sabharwal S. Treatment of Infantile Blount Disease: An Update. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Sep; 37 Suppl 2:S26-S31. PMID: 28799991.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Sabharwal S, Verhulst S, Guirguis G, Kark JD, Labat C, Roche NE, Martimucci K, Patel K, Heller DS, Kimura M, Chuang D, Chuang A, Benetos A, Aviv A. Telomere length dynamics in early life: the blood-and-muscle model. FASEB J. 2018 01; 32(1):529-534. PMID: 28855279.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Rai R, Sabharwal S. Retracted Publications in Orthopaedics: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Trends. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2017 May 03; 99(9):e44. PMID: 28463926.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Martinez M, Kim SJ, Sabharwal S. Percutaneous Subtrochanteric Osteotomy for Painful Dislocated Hips in Patients With Cerebral Palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Mar; 37(2):111-120. PMID: 26214329.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Bloom T, Seigerman DA, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. Do additional full-length radiographs of the humerus and forearm improve the decision making in children with supracondylar humerus fractures? J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016 Sep; 25(5):417-23. PMID: 27258360.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Sabharwal S. CORR Insights®: Periosteal Fiber Transection During Periosteal Procedures Is Crucial to Accelerate Growth in the Rabbit Model. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2016 Apr; 474(4):1038-40. PMID: 26728516.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Kong H, Sabharwal S. Fixator-augmented flexible intramedullary nailing for osteopenic femoral shaft fractures in children. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2016 Jan; 25(1):11-6. PMID: 26426508.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Shirley ED, Sabharwal S, Schwend RM, Cabral C, Spiegel D. Addressing the Global Disparities in the Delivery of Pediatric Orthopaedic Services: Opportunities for COUR and POSNA. J Pediatr Orthop. 2016 Jan; 36(1):89-95. PMID: 26296220.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Rivero SM, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. Are patient demographics different for early-onset and late-onset Blount disease? Results based on meta-analysis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2015 Nov; 24(6):515-20. PMID: 26163867.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Sabharwal S. Editorial Comment: 2014 Annual Meeting of the Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Oct; 473(10):3122-3. PMID: 26100258.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Sabharwal S, Nelson SC, Sontich JK. What's New in Limb Lengthening and Deformity Correction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Aug 19; 97(16):1375-84. PMID: 26290092.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Fan B, Zhao C, Sabharwal S. International elective during orthopaedic residency in North America: perceived barriers and opportunities. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2015 Jan 07; 97(1):e1. PMID: 25568399.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Feghhi DP, Komlos D, Agarwal N, Sabharwal S. Quality of online pediatric orthopaedic education materials. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Dec 03; 96(23):e194. PMID: 25471920.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Sabharwal S. Editorial comment: 2013 Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Dec; 472(12):3777-8. PMID: 25135853.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Kong H, Sabharwal S. External fixation for closed pediatric femoral shaft fractures: where are we now? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Dec; 472(12):3814-22. PMID: 24615424.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Bloom T, Zhao C, Mehta A, Thakur U, Koerner J, Sabharwal S. Safe zone for superolateral entry pin into the distal humerus in children: an MRI analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014 Dec; 472(12):3779-88. PMID: 24532434.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Sabharwal S. Blount disease: an update. Orthop Clin North Am. 2015 Jan; 46(1):37-47. PMID: 25435033.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Sabharwal S, Louie KW, Reid JS. What's new in limb-lengthening and deformity correction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 Aug 20; 96(16):1399-406. PMID: 25143503.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Koerner JD, Patel A, Zhao C, Schoenberg C, Mishra A, Vives MJ, Sabharwal S. Blood loss during posterior spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Aug 15; 39(18):1479-87. PMID: 24859581.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Feghhi DP, Agarwal N, Hansberry DR, Berberian WS, Sabharwal S. Critical review of patient education materials from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2014 Aug; 43(8):E168-74. PMID: 25136874.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Kim SJ, Pierce W, Sabharwal S. The etiology of short stature affects the clinical outcome of lower limb lengthening using external fixation. A systematic review of 18 trials involving 547 patients. Acta Orthop. 2014 Apr; 85(2):181-6. PMID: 24650027.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, Sakamoto SM, McClemens E. Do children with Blount disease have lower body mass index after lower limb realignment? J Pediatr Orthop. 2014 Mar; 34(2):213-8. PMID: 23872804.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Sabharwal S, Passannante MR. Venous thromboembolism in children: preliminary results of a survey of POSNA members. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Dec; 33(8):852-6. PMID: 23934093.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, Passanante M. Venous thromboembolism in children: details of 46 cases based on a follow-up survey of POSNA members. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Oct-Nov; 33(7):768-74. PMID: 23812156.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Sabharwal S, Fragomen A, Iobst C. What's new in limb lengthening and deformity correction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2013 Aug 21; 95(16):1527-34. PMID: 23965706.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Sabharwal S, Sakamoto SM, Zhao C. Advanced bone age in children with Blount disease: a case-control study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):551-7. PMID: 23752155.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Mills B, Bach JR, Zhao C, Saporito L, Sabharwal S. Posterior spinal fusion in children with flaccid neuromuscular scoliosis: the role of noninvasive positive pressure ventilatory support. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jul-Aug; 33(5):488-93. PMID: 23752144.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Kim SJ, Bloom T, Sabharwal S. Leg length discrepancy in patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Acta Orthop. 2013 Jun; 84(3):271-4. PMID: 23594246.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Sabharwal S, Root MZ. Impact of obesity on orthopaedics. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Jun 06; 94(11):1045-52. PMID: 22637211.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Sabharwal S, Wenokor C, Mehta A, Zhao C. Intra-articular morphology of the knee joint in children with Blount disease: a case-control study using MRI. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 May 16; 94(10):883-90. PMID: 22617915.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Sabharwal S, MacLeod R. Ilizarov hip reconstruction for the management of advanced osteonecrosis in an adolescent with leukemia. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2012 May; 21(3):252-9. PMID: 21753739.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Sabharwal S, Rozbruch SR. What's new in limb lengthening and deformity correction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Dec 21; 93(24):2323-32. PMID: 22258779.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Sabharwal S, Apazidis A, Zhao C, Hullinger H, Vives M. Comparison of intraoperative supine and postoperative standing radiographs after posterior instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2011 Nov; 20(6):389-96. PMID: 21666505.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Polishchuk DL, Hashem J, Sabharwal S. Readability of online patient education materials on adult reconstruction Web sites. J Arthroplasty. 2012 May; 27(5):716-9. PMID: 22000573.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Sabharwal S. Enhancement of bone formation during distraction osteogenesis: pediatric applications. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011 Feb; 19(2):101-11. PMID: 21292933.
      View in: PubMed
    46. Sabharwal S, Green S, McCarthy J, Hamdy RC. What's New in Limb Lengthening and Deformity Correction. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Jan 19; 93(2):213-21. PMID: 21248221.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Vives M, Young L, Sabharwal S. Readability of spine-related patient education materials from subspecialty organization and spine practitioner websites. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Dec 01; 34(25):2826-31. PMID: 19910867.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Sabharwal S, Zhao C. The hip-knee-ankle angle in children: reference values based on a full-length standing radiograph. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Oct; 91(10):2461-8. PMID: 19797583.
      View in: PubMed
    49. Sabharwal S. Blount disease. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jul; 91(7):1758-76. PMID: 19571101.
      View in: PubMed
    50. Sabharwal S, Kumar A. Methods for assessing leg length discrepancy. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 Dec; 466(12):2910-22. PMID: 18836788.
      View in: PubMed
    51. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, Edgar M. Lower limb alignment in children: reference values based on a full-length standing radiograph. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Oct-Nov; 28(7):740-6. PMID: 18812900.
      View in: PubMed
    52. Sabharwal S, Badarudeen S, McClemens E, Choung E. The effect of circular external fixation on limb alignment. J Pediatr Orthop. 2008 Apr-May; 28(3):314-9. PMID: 18362796.
      View in: PubMed
    53. Sabharwal S, Badarudeen S, Unes Kunju S. Readability of online patient education materials from the AAOS web site. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 May; 466(5):1245-50. PMID: 18324452.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Sabharwal S, Henry P, Behrens F. Two cases of missed Salter-Harris III coronal plane fracture of the lateral femoral condyle. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008 Feb; 37(2):100-3. PMID: 18401487.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Badarudeen S, Sabharwal S. Readability of patient education materials from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America web sites. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jan; 90(1):199-204. PMID: 18171975.
      View in: PubMed
    56. Sabharwal S, Zhao C. Assessment of lower limb alignment: supine fluoroscopy compared with a standing full-length radiograph. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jan; 90(1):43-51. PMID: 18171956.
      View in: PubMed
    57. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, McClemens E, Kaufmann A. Pediatric orthopaedic patients presenting to a university emergency department after visiting another emergency department: demographics and health insurance status. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Sep; 27(6):690-4. PMID: 17717473.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Sabharwal S, Van Why D. Mechanical failure of external fixator during hip joint distraction for Perthes disease. J Orthop Sci. 2007 Jul; 12(4):385-9. PMID: 17657560.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, McClemens E. Correlation of body mass index and radiographic deformities in children with Blount disease. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007 Jun; 89(6):1275-83. PMID: 17545431.
      View in: PubMed
    60. Sabharwal S, Lee J, Zhao C. Multiplanar deformity analysis of untreated Blount disease. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Apr-May; 27(3):260-5. PMID: 17414006.
      View in: PubMed
    61. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, McKeon J, Melaghari T, Blacksin M, Wenekor C. Reliability analysis for radiographic measurement of limb length discrepancy: full-length standing anteroposterior radiograph versus scanogram. J Pediatr Orthop. 2007 Jan-Feb; 27(1):46-50. PMID: 17195797.
      View in: PubMed
    62. Sabharwal S, Mittal R, Zhao C. Percutaneous osteotomy for deformity correction in adolescents with severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2006 Nov; 15(6):396-403. PMID: 17001244.
      View in: PubMed
    63. Sabharwal S, Zhao C, McKeon JJ, McClemens E, Edgar M, Behrens F. Computed radiographic measurement of limb-length discrepancy. Full-length standing anteroposterior radiograph compared with scanogram. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2006 Oct; 88(10):2243-51. PMID: 17015603.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Sabharwal S, Mahmood F. Thoracic spinal epidural lipomatosis associated with adolescent scoliosis. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2006 May; 19(3):217-21. PMID: 16770223.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Beebe KS, Sabharwal S, Behrens F. Femoral shaft fractures: is rigid intramedullary nailing safe for adolescents? Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2006 Apr; 35(4):172-4. PMID: 16689514.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Mani US, Sabatino CT, Sabharwal S, Svach DJ, Suslak A, Behrens FF. Biomechanical comparison of flexible stainless steel and titanium nails with external fixation using a femur fracture model. J Pediatr Orthop. 2006 Mar-Apr; 26(2):182-7. PMID: 16557131.
      View in: PubMed
    67. Jyonouchi H, Lien KW, Aguila H, Spinnato GG, Sabharwal S, Pletcher BA. SAPHO osteomyelitis and sarcoid dermatitis in a patient with DiGeorge syndrome. Eur J Pediatr. 2006 Jun; 165(6):370-3. PMID: 16491384.
      View in: PubMed
    68. Sabharwal S. Role of Ilizarov external fixator in the management of proximal/distal metadiaphyseal pediatric femur fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2005 Sep; 19(8):563-9. PMID: 16118564.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Sabharwal S, Harten RD, Sabatino C, Yun JS, Munjal K. Selective soft tissue release preserves growth plate architecture during limb lengthening. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Sep-Oct; 25(5):617-22. PMID: 16199942.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Sabharwal S, Finuoli AL, Ghobadi F. Pre-centralization soft tissue distraction for Bayne type IV congenital radial deficiency in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 May-Jun; 25(3):377-81. PMID: 15832159.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Sabharwal S, Kishan S, Behrens F. Principles of external fixation of the femur. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2005 May; 34(5):218-23. PMID: 15954686.
      View in: PubMed
    72. Sabharwal S, Mittal R, Cox G. Percutaneous triplanar femoral osteotomy correction for developmental coxa vara: a new technique. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005 Jan-Feb; 25(1):28-33. PMID: 15614055.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Sabharwal S. Treatment of traumatic radial clubhand deformity with bone loss using the Ilizarov apparatus. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2004 Jul; (424):143-8. PMID: 15241156.
      View in: PubMed
    74. Munjal K, Kishan S, Sabharwal S. Posttraumatic pediatric distal tibiofibular synostosis: a case report. Foot Ankle Int. 2004 Jun; 25(6):429-33. PMID: 15215031.
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