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Ushma Upadhyay, PhD, MPH

TitleAssociate Professor
SchoolUCSF School of Medicine
DepartmentOb/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences
Address1330 Broadway St
Oakland CA 94612
Phone510-986-8946
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse Awards and Honors
    UCSF RAP Award2011  - 2012Estimating the Incidence of Post-Abortion Complications from Medi-Cal Data
    UC Center of Expertise in Women’s Health and Empowerment 2010  - 2011Fogarty Fellowship

    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse Overview
    My work encompasses two overarching themes: the effects of women's empowerment and gender equity on reproductive health and improving reproductive health services for disadvantaged populations. My methodological expertise is in quantitative analyses using epidemiologic and demographic methods. I lead several projects related to contraception and abortion that collectively aim to expand women's ability to determine the number and timing of their children and improve access to reproductive health services.


    Collapse Research 
    Collapse Research Activities and Funding
    Gender, Autonomy, and Contraceptive Use Among Young People
    NIH/NICHD K01HD077064Sep 15, 2014 - May 31, 2019
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
    Collapse Websites
    Collapse In The News
    Collapse Global Health
    Collapse Featured Publications

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse Publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Researchers can login to make corrections and additions, or contact us for help.
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    1. Upadhyay UD, Johns NE, Meckstroth KR, Kerns JL. Distance Traveled for an Abortion and Source of Care After Abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Aug 14. PMID: 28816736.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Upadhyay UD, Kimport K, Belusa EKO, Johns NE, Laube DW, Roberts SCM. Evaluating the impact of a mandatory pre-abortion ultrasound viewing law: A mixed methods study. PLoS One. 2017; 12(7):e0178871. PMID: 28746377.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Biggs MA, Upadhyay U, Foster DG. Mental Health Outcomes After Having or Being Denied an Abortion-Reply. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Jun 01; 74(6):654. PMID: 28492913.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Taylor D, Upadhyay UD, Fjerstad M, Battistelli MF, Weitz TA, Paul ME. Standardizing the classification of abortion incidents: the Procedural Abortion Incident Reporting and Surveillance (PAIRS) Framework. Contraception. 2017 Jul; 96(1):1-13. PMID: 28578150.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Johns NE, Foster DG, Upadhyay UD. Distance traveled for Medicaid-covered abortion care in California. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Apr 19; 17(1):287. PMID: 28420438.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Biggs MA, Upadhyay UD, McCulloch CE, Foster DG. Women's Mental Health and Well-being 5 Years After Receiving or Being Denied an Abortion: A Prospective, Longitudinal Cohort Study. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Feb 01; 74(2):169-178. PMID: 27973641.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Prata N, Fraser A, Huchko MJ, Gipson JD, Withers M, Lewis S, Ciaraldi EJ, Upadhyay UD. WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT AND FAMILY PLANNING: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. J Biosoc Sci. 2017 Jan 10; 1-31. PMID: 28069078.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Roberts SC, Fuentes L, Kriz R, Williams V, Upadhyay U. Corrigendum to "Implications for women of Louisiana's law requiring abortion providers to have hospital admitting privileges" [Contraception (2015) 91:368-72. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2015.02.001]. Contraception. 2017 Feb; 95(2):221-222. PMID: 27647624.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Hindin MJ, Kalamar AM, Thompson TA, Upadhyay UD. Interventions to Prevent Unintended and Repeat Pregnancy Among Young People in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of the Published and Gray Literature. J Adolesc Health. 2016 Sep; 59(3 Suppl):S8-S15. PMID: 27562452.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Upadhyay UD, Johns NE, Combellick SL, Kohn JE, Keder LM, Roberts SC. Comparison of Outcomes before and after Ohio's Law Mandating Use of the FDA-Approved Protocol for Medication Abortion: A Retrospective Cohort Study. PLoS Med. 2016 Aug; 13(8):e1002110. PMID: 27575488; PMCID: PMC5004901.
    11. Upadhyay UD, Zlidar VM, Foster DG. Interest in self-administration of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate in the United States. Contraception. 2016 Oct; 94(4):303-13. PMID: 27326938.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Roberts SC, Turok DK, Belusa E, Combellick S, Upadhyay U. Utah's 72-Hour Waiting Period for Abortion: Experiences Among a Clinic-Based Sample of Women. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2016 Dec; 48(4):179-187. PMID: 27010515.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Upadhyay UD, Raifman S, Raine-Bennett T. Effects of relationship context on contraceptive use among young women. Contraception. 2016 Jul; 94(1):68-73. PMID: 26994674; PMCID: PMC4884532 [Available on 07/01/17].
    14. Upadhyay UD, Biggs MA, Foster DG. The effect of abortion on having and achieving aspirational one-year plans. BMC Womens Health. 2015 Nov 11; 15:102. PMID: 26559911; PMCID: PMC4642756.
    15. Steinauer JE, Upadhyay UD, Sokoloff A, Harper CC, Diedrich JT, Drey EA. Choice of the levonorgestrel intrauterine device, etonogestrel implant or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate for contraception after aspiration abortion. Contraception. 2015 Dec; 92(6):553-9. PMID: 26093190.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Roberts SC, Gould H, Upadhyay UD. Implications of Georgia's 20-Week Abortion Ban. Am J Public Health. 2015 Aug; 105(8):e77-82. PMID: 26066924.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Roberts SC, Fuentes L, Kriz R, Williams V, Upadhyay UD. Implications for women of Louisiana's law requiring abortion providers to have hospital admitting privileges. Contraception. 2015 May; 91(5):368-72. PMID: 25744615.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Upadhyay UD, Desai S, Zlidar V, Weitz TA, Grossman D, Anderson P, Taylor D. Incidence of emergency department visits and complications after abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jan; 125(1):175-83. PMID: 25560122.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Weitz TA, Taylor D, Upadhyay UD, Desai S, Battistelli M. Research informs abortion care policy change in California. Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct; 104(10):e3-4. PMID: 25122034.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Upadhyay UD, Gipson JD, Withers M, Lewis S, Ciaraldi EJ, Fraser A, Huchko MJ, Prata N. Women's empowerment and fertility: a review of the literature. Soc Sci Med. 2014 Aug; 115:111-20. PMID: 24955875; PMCID: PMC4096045.
    21. Biggs MA, Upadhyay UD, Steinberg JR, Foster DG. Does abortion reduce self-esteem and life satisfaction? Qual Life Res. 2014 Nov; 23(9):2505-13. PMID: 24740325; PMCID: PMC4186981.
    22. Upadhyay UD, Dworkin SL, Weitz TA, Foster DG. Development and validation of a reproductive autonomy scale. Stud Fam Plann. 2014 Mar; 45(1):19-41. PMID: 24615573.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Gatter M, Kimport K, Foster DG, Weitz TA, Upadhyay UD. Relationship between ultrasound viewing and proceeding to abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Jan; 123(1):81-7. PMID: 24463667.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Upadhyay UD, Weitz TA, Jones RK, Barar RE, Foster DG. Denial of abortion because of provider gestational age limits in the United States. Am J Public Health. 2014 Sep; 104(9):1687-94. PMID: 23948000; PMCID: PMC4151926.
    25. Kimport K, Upadhyay UD, Foster DG, Gatter M, Weitz TA. Patient viewing of the ultrasound image prior to abortion. Contraception. 2013 Nov; 88(5):666-70. PMID: 24028750.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Cockrill K, Upadhyay UD, Turan J, Greene Foster D. The stigma of having an abortion: development of a scale and characteristics of women experiencing abortion stigma. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2013 Jun; 45(2):79-88. PMID: 23750622.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Jones RK, Upadhyay UD, Weitz TA. At what cost? Payment for abortion care by U.S. women. Womens Health Issues. 2013 May-Jun; 23(3):e173-8. PMID: 23660430.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Weitz TA, Taylor D, Desai S, Upadhyay UD, Waldman J, Battistelli MF, Drey EA. Safety of aspiration abortion performed by nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, and physician assistants under a California legal waiver. Am J Public Health. 2013 Mar; 103(3):454-61. PMID: 23327244; PMCID: PMC3673521.
    29. Foster DG, Dobkin LM, Upadhyay UD. Denial of abortion care due to gestational age limits. Contraception. 2013 Jan; 87(1):3-5. PMID: 23122688.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Goldstein RL, Upadhyay UD, Raine TR. With pills, patches, rings, and shots: who still uses condoms? A longitudinal cohort study. J Adolesc Health. 2013 Jan; 52(1):77-82. PMID: 23260838; PMCID: PMC3745283.
    31. Upadhyay UD, Karasek D. Women's empowerment and ideal family size: an examination of DHS empowerment measures in Sub-Saharan Africa. Int Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2012 Jun; 38(2):78-89. PMID: 22832148.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Upadhyay UD, Brown BA, Sokoloff A, Raine TR. Contraceptive discontinuation and repeat unintended pregnancy within 1 year after an abortion. Contraception. 2012 Jan; 85(1):56-62. PMID: 22067792; PMCID: PMC3230736.
    33. Raine TR, Foster-Rosales A, Upadhyay UD, Boyer CB, Brown BA, Sokoloff A, Harper CC. One-year contraceptive continuation and pregnancy in adolescent girls and women initiating hormonal contraceptives. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Feb; 117(2 Pt 1):363-71. PMID: 21252751; PMCID: PMC3154007.
    34. Upadhyay UD, Cockrill K, Freedman LR. Informing abortion counseling: an examination of evidence-based practices used in emotional care for other stigmatized and sensitive health issues. Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Dec; 81(3):415-21. PMID: 20926226.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Upadhyay UD, Waddell EN, Young S, Kerker BD, Berger M, Matte T, Angell SY. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of high LDL cholesterol in New York City, 2004. Prev Chronic Dis. 2010 May; 7(3):A61. PMID: 20394700; PMCID: PMC2879993.
    36. Rajpathak SN, Gupta LS, Waddell EN, Upadhyay UD, Wildman RP, Kaplan R, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Wylie-Rosett J. Elevated risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome among Asians and south Asians: results from the 2004 New York City HANES. Ethn Dis. 2010; 20(3):225-30. PMID: 20828094.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Gultiano S, Hindin M, Upadhyay U . Marital Status and Psychological Well-Being of Filipino Women. Philippine Population Review. 2009; 8(1):16-33.
    38. Thorpe LE, Upadhyay UD, Chamany S, Garg R, Mandel-Ricci J, Kellerman S, Berger DK, Frieden TR, Gwynn C. Prevalence and control of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in New York City. Diabetes Care. 2009 Jan; 32(1):57-62. PMID: 19114627; PMCID: PMC2606831.
    39. Upadhyay UD, Hindin MJ. The influence of parents' marital relationship and women's status on children's age at first sex in Cebu, Philippines. Stud Fam Plann. 2007 Sep; 38(3):173-86. PMID: 17933291.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Upadhyay UD, Hindin MJ, Gultiano S. Before first sex: gender differences in emotional relationships and physical behaviors among adolescents in the Philippines. Int Fam Plan Perspect. 2006 Sep; 32(3):110-9. PMID: 17015240.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Upadhyay UD, Hindin MJ. Do perceptions of friends' behaviors affect age at first sex? Evidence from Cebu, Philippines. J Adolesc Health. 2006 Oct; 39(4):570-7. PMID: 16982393.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Upadhyay UD. New contraceptive choices. Popul Rep M. 2005 Apr; (19):1-23. PMID: 15945266.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Upadhyay UD, Hindin MJ. Do higher status and more autonomous women have longer birth intervals? Results from Cebu, Philippines. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jun; 60(11):2641-55. PMID: 15814188.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Upadhyay UD. Informed choice in family planning. Helping people decide. Popul Rep J. 2001; (50):1-39. PMID: 11552404.
      View in: PubMed
    45. Upadhyay U . India's New Economic Policy of 1991 and Its Impact on Women's Poverty and AIDS. Journal of Feminist Economics. 2000; 6(3):105-122.
    46. Upadhyay UD, Robey B. Why family planning matters. Popul Rep J. 1999 Jul; (49):1-31. PMID: 10730298.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Hinrichsen D, Robey B, Upadhyay UD. Toward a blue revolution. Glob Issues. 1999 Mar; 4(1):38-43. PMID: 12290386.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Robey B, Upadhyay U. Speeding the reproductive revolution. People Planet. 1999; 8(1):18-9. PMID: 12322000.
      View in: PubMed
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